Research Profile

Welcome to the School of Law research page

"If you want to build a ship, don't drum up the men to gather wood,
 divide the work and give orders. Instead, teach
 them to yearn for the vast and endless sea."
(from ‘The Little Prince’ by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry)


Research is an integral part of the School of Law; it is, of course, an end in itself, but it also informs and enriches teaching and provides an important commentary on and critique of law, criminal justice policy and practice.  Researchers in the School are a vibrant mix of experienced, nationally and internationally-known scholars and younger, more up-and-coming individuals who are beginning to build a reputation.  Staff are engaged in a wide and exciting range of research in law and criminal justice.


The School organises a research seminar programme with visiting speakers. PhD supervision is an important part of the cultural life of the School and a range of doctoral programmes are available. The School is committed to produce a solid submission for the next REF.


The School welcomes visiting researchers. Declarations of interest can be sent any time to Dr Carlo Panara at C.Panara@ljmu.ac.uk.

EU Law Conference

The EU Faring Through Its Post-Lisbon Crisis: Past, Present and Future of European Integration

Liverpool John Moores University, School of Law, Friday 28 June 2013

The Conference features two outstanding keynote speakers:

Prof. Patrick J. Birkinshaw (Hull University) Title of Talk: Goodbye to All of That! Forty Years of Being in Europe

Prof. Martin Trybus (Birmingham University) Title of Talk: Between Internal Market and CFSP: EU Defence Integration in the Early 21st Century Only

For more information please click here

Research Output (since 2008)

Research Areas

Research Funding

Research Output (Since 2008)

2008

Research monographs

Carlo Panara, Il federalismo tedesco della Legge Fondamentale dalla cooperazione alla competizione [German Federalism of the Basic Law from Cooperation to Competition] (Rome: Aracne 2008) 252 pp.

Articles in refereed journals

Andy Baker, Banks and the Communities They Serve: Time to Legislate?, in:  Liverpool Law Review, Vol. 29 (2008), No. 2, pp.165-182.

Andy Baker, Credit union regulation and the Financial Services Authority: Less is more, but better, in: International Journal of Law and Management, Vol. 50 (2008), No. 6, pp. 301-315.

Anna Carline and Helen Baker, Socio-Legal Studies in Liverpool Law Schools - Introduction, in: Liverpool Law Review, Vol. 29 (2008), No. 2, pp. 17-121.

Lorie Charlesworth, Forgotten Justice: forgetting law’s history and victims’ justice in British ‘minor’ war crimes trials in Germany 1945-8, in: Amicus Curiae, Issue 74 (Summer 2008), pp. 2-10.

John Cooke, Doping and Free Speech, in: Entertainment and Sports Law Journal, Vol. 5 (2008), No. 2, available at http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/law/elj/eslj/issues/volume5/number2/cooke.

Jamie Murray, Complexity Theory & Socio-Legal Studies; Coda: Liverpool Law, in: Liverpool Law Review, Vol. 29 (2008), No. 2, pp. 227-246.
Carlo Panara, The German Länder in the Process of European Integration between Föderalismusreform and Reform Treaty, in: European Public Law, Vol. 14 (2008), No. 4, pp. 585-614.

Carlo Panara, I poteri impliciti nel federalismo tedesco del Grundgesetz [The Doctrine of Implied Powers in the German Federalism of the Basic Law], in: Quaderni costituzionali, Vol. 28 (2008), No. 2, pp. 425-450.

Solomon Salako, The UNESCO Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights: Protecting Future Generations and the Quest for a Global Consensus, in: Medicine and Law, Vol. 27 (2008), No. 4, pp. 805-823.

Solomon Salako, The Council of Europe Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine: A new look at international biomedical law and ethics, in: Medicine and Law, Vol. 27 (2008), No. 2, pp. 339-356.

Stuart Taylor, Outside the Outsiders: Drugs, Drug Use and the Media, in: Probation Journal, Vol. 55 (2008), No. 4, pp. 369-388.

Gary Wilson, Regional Arrangements as Agents of the UN Security Council: Some African and European Organisations contrasted, in: Liverpool Law Review, Vol. 29 (2008), No. 2, pp. 183-204.

Gary Wilson, Selective Conscientious Objection in the Aftermath of Iraq: Reconsidering Objection to a Specific War, in: International Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 12 (2008), No. 5, pp. 665-688.

Gary Wilson, The Tutorial Model for Undergraduate Law Courses: Objectives, Approaches and Outcomes, in: Web Journal of Current Legal Issues, 2008, Issue 2, available at http://webjcli.ncl.ac.uk/2008/issue2/wilson2.html.

Contributions to edited collections

Roger Evans, Caution; Caution Plus; Diversion; Reprimands and Warnings, in: B. Goldson (ed.), Dictionary of Youth Justice (Collompton: Willan Publishing 2008).

Tony Harvey, The Philosophy of Leadership: Promoting Trust and Integrity, in: L. Muir and P. Kearns (eds.), Leadership Development in the Legal Profession (London: Ark Group 2008).

Carlo Panara, Die offene Staatlichkeit – Italien [The Openness of the State to International Law – Italy], in: A. von Bogdandy, P.M. Huber, P. Cruz Villalón (eds.), Handbuch Ius Publicum Europaeum, Vol. II (Heidelberg: C.F. Müller Verlag 2008) pp. 143-176.

Research reports

George Mair, Noel Cross, and Stuart Taylor, The Community Order and the Suspended Sentence Order: The Views and Attitudes of Sentencers (London: Centre for Crime and Justice Studies/Esmée Fairbairn Foundation 2008).

Textbooks and handbooks

Stephen Forster, Criminal Law and Practice (London: Sweet & Maxwell 2008) 709 pp.

Short contributions to refereed journals and contributions to non refereed journals

Lol Burke, Public attitudes and the media, in: Probation Journal, Vol. 55, 2008, No. 4, pp. 331-335.

Lol Burke and Steve Collett, Doing with or doing to – what now for the probation service?, in: Criminal Justice Matthewers, Vol. 72 (2008), No. 1, pp. 9-11.

Stephen Forster, Criminal Liability for Offensive Weapons: Is the Law Effective?, in: Justice of the Peace Journal, No. 172 (2008), p. 606.

Carlo Panara and Mike Varney, Una breve introduzione sulle origini e l’evoluzione della devolution e del decentramento politico ed amministrativo nel Regno Unito [A Brief Introduction on the Origin and Evolution of Devolution and Decentralisation in the UK], in: Nuove Autonomie, Vol. 7 (2008), No. 1-2, pp. 193-197.

Dave Selfe, The Meaning of Consent within the SOA 2003, in: Criminal Lawyer, No. 178 (January 2008), p. 3.

Dave Selfe, Sentencing of Persons with Mental Disorder, in: Criminal Lawyer, No. 184 (July/August 2008), p. 2.

Book reviews

Noel Cross, Review of Matthews, R., Easton, H., Briggs, D., and Pease, K. (2007), Assessing the Use and Impact of Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (Bristol: Policy Press), in: Probation Journal, Vol. 55 (2008), No. 4, pp. 418-420.

2009

Articles in refereed journals

Anna Carline, Reforming Provocation: Perspectives from the Law Commission and the Government, in: Web Journal of Current Legal Issues, 2009, Issue 2, available at http://webjcli.ncl.ac.uk/2009/issue2/carline2.html.

Anna Carline, Ethics and Vulnerability in Street Prostitution: An Argument in Favour of Managed Zones, in: Crimes and Misdemeanours: Deviance and the Law in Historical Perspective, Vol. 3 (2009), No. 1, pp. 20-53, available at http://www.research.plymouth.ac.uk/solon/JournalVol3Issue1.htm

Jay Cullen, Deregulation and The Power of Private Surveillance in Markets, in: Poznan University of Economics Review, Vol. 9 (2009), No. 2, pp. 9-35, available at http://www.puereview.ue.poznan.pl/2009v9n2.htm.  

Carlo Panara, 9/11 Scenarios and the Question of the Foundation of the Democratic State: The State for the Human Person or the Human Person for the State?, in: The Pluralist, Vol. 4 (2009), No. 2, pp. 82-90.

Gary Wilson, Self-Determination, Recognition and the Problem of Kosovo, in: Netherlands International Law Review, Vol. 56 (2009), No. 3, pp. 455-481.
Contributions to edited collections      

George Mair, Community sentences, in: A. Hucklesby and A. Wahidin (eds.), Criminal Justice (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2009).

Peter De Cruz, Comparative Law: Functions and Methods, in: R. Wolfrum (ed.), EPIL (Max Planck Encyclopaedia of Public International Law), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Jamie Murray, Deleuze & Guattari and Criminology, in: P. Van Calster and R. Lippens (eds.), New Directions for Crimonology (Antwerp: Maklu Publishing 2009).

Carlo Panara, Casamance Conflict, in: R. Wolfrum (ed.), EPIL (Max Planck Encyclopaedia of Public International Law), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Carlo Panara, Principles and Values of the Common Foreign and Security Policy: What’s the Legal ‘Soul’ of the Second Pillar of the EU?, in: David A. Frenkel and Carsten Gerner-Beuerle (eds.), Challenges of the Law in a Permeable World (Athens: ATINER 2009) pp. 193-204.

Research reports

George Mair and Helen Mills, The Community Order and the Suspended Sentence Three Years On: the views and experiences of probation officers and offenders (London: Centre for Crime and Justice Studies 2009).

Ester Ragonese, An evaluation of the Supporting Offenders Advice Service in North Liverpool (2009).

Stuart Taylor, Evaluation of the Nottingham Community Justice Initiative Restorative Justice Pilot Project: The views of the Practitioners (2009)

Textbooks and handbooks

John Cooke, The Law of Tort (London: Pitmans 9th ed. 2009) 704 pp.

Short contributions to refereed journals and contributions to non refereed journals

Stephen Forster, Retention of DNA/Fingerprint Samples: A disproportionate response to the unconvicted population, in: Criminal Law and Justice Weekly, No. 173 (2009), p. 121.

Stephen Forster, The fundamentally Different Rule in Joint Enterprise Liability, in: Criminal Law and Justice Weekly, No. 173 (2009), p. 501.

Dave Selfe, Keeping Brothels: Sentencing Guidelines and Policy, in: Criminal Lawyer, No. 190 (May/June 2009), p. 4.

Dave Selfe, Voyeurism – the Meaning of ‘Privacy’ and ‘Breasts’, in: Criminal Lawyer, No. 193 (November/December 2009), p. 2.

PhD dissertations

Matthew Millings, Policing British Asian Identities: policing and the situated negotiation of belonging and ethnicity among young British Asian men from Staffordshire (Keele University, February 2009).

2010

Research monographs

Lorie Charlesworth, A Socio-Legal History of the Poor Law: Welfare’s Forgotten Past (London: Cavendish-Routledge 2009) 248 pp.

Peter de Cruz, Family Law, Sex and Society . A Comparative Study of Family Law (Oxford: Routledge 2010) 416 pp.

Jamie Murray, Deleuze & Guattari: Emergent Law (London: Routledge 2010) 192 pp.

Edited books

Carlo Panara and Alexander De Becker (eds.), The Role of the Regions in European Governance (Heidelberg: Springer 2010) 346 pp.

Articles in refereed journals

Lol Burke, No Longer Social Workers: Developments in Probation Officer Training and Education in England and Wales, in: Revista de Asistenţă Socială (Social Work Review), Year 2010, No. 3.

Lol Burke and Steve Collett, People are not things: What New Labour has done to Probation, in: Probation Journal, Vol. 57 (2010), No. 3, pp. 232-249.

Anna Carline, Critical Perspectives on the Policing and Crime Act 2009: An Unethical Approach to the Regulation of Prostitution?, in: Contemporary Issues in Law, Vol. 10 (2010), No. 2, pp. 77-100.

Anna Carline, Constructing the Subject of Prostitution: A Butlerian Reading of the Regulation of Sex Work, in: International Journal for the Semiotics of Law, Vol. 24 (2010), No. 1, pp. 61-78.
 
Carlo Panara, In the Name of Cooperation: The External Relations of the German Länder and Their Participation in the EU Decision-Making, in: European Constitutional Law Review, Vol. 6 (2010), No. 1, pp. 59-83.

Solomon Salako, Research Ethics Committees and Community Values: Devlin, Dworkin, Hart and Beyond, in: Medicine and Law, Vol. 29 (2010), No. 1, pp. 37-50.

Contributions to edited collections         

Anna Carline, Honour and Shame in Domestic Homicide: A Critical Analysis of the Provocation Defence, in: M. Idriss and T. Abbas (eds.), Honour, Violence, Women and Islam (Oxford: Routledge-Cavendish 2010).

Anna Carline, Criminalisation or Protection? Tensions in the Construction of Preventions Strategies Concerning Trafficking for the Purposes of Sexual Exploitation, in: J. Jones et al. (eds.), Gender, Law and Sexualities (Oxford: Routledge-Cavendish 2010).

Anna Carline, Perspectives on Trafficking and the Policing and Crime Act 2009: Challenging Notions of Vulnerability through a Butlerian Lens, in: S Fitzgerald (ed.), Regulating the International Movement of Women: From Protection to Control (Oxford: Routledge-Cavendish 2010).

David Lowe, Spooking the Spooks, in: C. Robertson, D.K. Das, J.K. Singer (eds.), Police Without Borders: The Fading Distinction between Local and Global (London: Routledge 2010).

George Mair and Matthew Millings, Arrest Referral and Drug Testing, in: A. Hucklesby and W. Wincup (eds.), Drug Interventions in Criminal Justice (Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill Open University Press 2010).

Carlo Panara, Peaceful Coexistence, in: R. Wolfrum (ed.), EPIL (Max Planck Encyclopaedia of Public International Law), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Carlo Panara, Germany – A Cooperative Solution to the Challenge of the European Integration, in: C. Panara and A. De Becker (eds.), The Role of the Regions in EU Governance (Heidelberg: Springer 2010) pp. 133-156.

Carlo Panara and Alexander De Becker, The Role of the Regions in the European Union: The ‘Regional Blindness’ of both the EU and the Member States, in: C. Panara and A. De Becker (eds.), The Role of the Regions in EU Governance (Heidelberg: Springer 2010) pp. 297-346.

Research reports

Rosie McLeod, Cassie Philpin, Anna Sweeting, Lucy Joyce and Roger Evans, Court experience of adults with mental health conditions or learning difficulties. Ministry of Justice at: http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/court-experiences-adults-mental-health.htm (2010).

Rosie McLeod, Anna Sweeting and Roger Evans, Improving the structure and content of psychiatric reports for sentencing: Research to develop good practice guidance. Ministry of Justice at: http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/analysis.htm (2010).

Rosie McLeod, Anna Sweeting, Lucy Joyce, Roger Evans and Claire Barkley, Good practice guidance: commissioning, administering and producing psychiatric reports for sentencing. Ministry of Justice, Her Majesty’s Court Service at: http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/analysis.htm (2010).

Ester Ragonese, An evaluation of the Choices, Education, Lifelong Learning, Skills (CELLS) project in Liverpool (2010).

Textbooks and handbooks

Noel Cross, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice: An Introduction (London: Sage 2010) 240 pp.

Short contributions to refereed journals and contributions to non refereed journals

Anna Carline and Clare Gunby, Barristers’ Perspectives on Rape and the Sexual Offences Act 2003, in: Criminal Law and Justice Weekly (2010) 174(31): pp. 472-474.

Stephen Forster, Alternative Verdicts: A Question of Justice and Proportionality, in: Criminal Law and Justice Weekly, No. 174 (2010), p. 69.

Stephen Forster, Joint Enterprise Liability: Is there a Degree of Unforeseen Logic?, in: Criminal Law and Justice Weekly, No. 174 (2010), p. 125.

Dave Selfe, Presence and Encouragement as Aiding and Abetting, in: Criminal Lawyer, No. 195 (March/April 2010), p. 5.

Dave Selfe, ‘Privacy’ and ‘Underwear’ – further developments in voyeurism, in: Criminal Lawyer, No. 199 (November/December 2010), p. 3.

2011

Research monographs

George Mair and Lol Burke, Redemption, Rehabilitation and Risk Management (London: Routledge Willan 2011) 264 pp.

Articles in refereed journals

Carlo Panara, In the Name of God: State and Religion in Contemporary Italy, in: Religion & Human Rights, Vol. 6 (2011), No. 1, pp. 75-104.

Carlo Panara, Lautsi v. Italy: The Display of Religious Symbols by the State, in: European Public Law, Vol. 17 (2011), No. 1, pp. 139-168.
Research reports

George Mair and Matthew Millings, Doing justice locally: The North Liverpool Community Justice Centre (London: Centre for Crime and Justice Studies 2011). Available at http://www.crimeandjustice.org.uk/opus1828/Doing_justice_locally.pdf.

Textbooks and handbooks

Gary Wilson, Law Express Questions and Answers: English Legal System (London: Longman 2011) 280 pp.

Short contributions to refereed journals and contributions to non refereed journals

Dave Selfe, Extreme Pornographic Images – mens rea and defences, in: Criminal Lawyer, No. 200 (Jan/Feb 2011), p. 3.

Research Areas

Alternative Dispute Resolution
Eric Baskind

Banking and Financial Regulation
Andy Baker
Jay Cullen
Alison Lui
Tony Harvey
Bioethics
Solomon Salako
Civil Justice
Roger Evans

Commercial Law
Eric Baskind

Comparative Law
Peter De Cruz
Carlo Panara

Consumer Law
Eric Baskind
Contract Law
Andy Baker
Tony Harvey

Corporate Governance
Jay Cullen
Tony Harvey
Alison Lui

Criminal Justice
Lol Burke
Noel Cross
Roger Evans
George Mair
Matthew Millings
Ester Ragonese
Stuart Taylor

Criminal Law
Anna Carline
Noel Cross
Stephen Forster
Leigh Roberts
Dave Selfe

Criminology
George Mair
Jamie Murray

Employment Law
Alison Lui

European Law
David Lowe
Carlo Panara

Family Law
Peter De Cruz

Gender Studies
Anna Carline
Sarah Singh

Housing Law
Leigh Roberts

Human Rights
Carlo Panara
Nirmala Pillay
Gary Wilson

Intellectual Property
Alison Lui

Land Law
Ian Johnson

Law Relating to the Use of Force
Eric Baskind

Legal History
Lorie Charlesworth

Legal Profession
Tony Harvey

Legal Theory
Jamie Murray
Solomon Salako

Media Regulation
John Cooke

Medical Law
Peter De Cruz
Solomon Salako

Obligations
John Cooke

Policing Studies
David Lowe
Matthew Millings

Public International Law
Earl Selkridge
Gary Wilson

Public Law
David Lowe
Nirmala Pillay

Sports Law
Eric Baskind

Succession Law
Ian Johnson

Teaching and Learning
Ester Ragonese
Gary Wilson

Terrorism
David Lowe

Research funding

2009

Roger Evans

In collaboration with BMRB Social Research. The Court Experience of People with Mental Disorders, Learning Disabilities and Mental Incapacity.  December 2007 to July 2009. Funded by the Ministry of Justice (£242K).

George Mair and Matthew Millings

Centre for Crime and Justice research project. From November 2009 until April 2010 (£8,000).

Matthew Millings

LJMU Promising Researcher of the Year (£5,000).

2010

Roger Evans

In collaboration with BMRB Social Research Improving the structure and content of psychiatric reports for sentencing: Research to develop good practice guidance. April 2009 to April 2010. Funded by the Ministry of Justice (£120K).

In collaboration with Professor Mandy Burton, School of Law, Leicester University and TNS-BMRB Social Research. Police and CPS serious crime case-file database and analysis. October 2010 to June 2011. Funded by the Ministry of Justice Analytic Services (£194K).

Matthew Millings

December 2010 – LJMU Emerging Researcher Fellowship (£3,000).

2011

Alison Lui

15 Feb 2011 - Winston Churchill Fellowship: £5,300 to travel to America and Canada for 6 weeks to study corporate governance and regulation of banks.

Matthew Millings

Feb 2011 – British Academy’s Small Grant Scheme (£3,434). Matthew will use this grant to develop a longitudinal dimension to his PhD research entitled Policing British Asian Identities: policing and the situated negotiation of belonging and ethnicity among young British Asian men from Staffordshire. Matthew received his PhD Degree from Keele University in February 2009. 


 



Page last modified by Clare Ryan on 24 January 2013.
Dr. Carlo Panara is Research Co-ordinator.

His contact details are:

E-mail: C.Panara@ljmu.ac.uk

Tel. +44 (0)151 231 3674

 

 

 
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