Dr. Matteo Borrini

Matteo Borrini
Job Title Principal Lecturer/Programme Leader 
Telephone +44 (0)151 231 2180
Email Address @ljmu.ac.uk

M.Borrini

Contact Address Research Centre in Evolutionary Anthropology and Palaeoecology
Room 438
James Parsons Building
School of Natural Sciences and Psychology
Liverpool John Moores University
Byrom Street
Liverpool
L3 3AF

Biography:

After the Laurea in Archaeology at the University of Florence (final dissertation project on forensic archaeology), I completed an MSc in Biological Anthropology of the Mediterranean Region in the same Athenaeum (final project focused on the forensic recovery and casting of human remains). I attended numerous advanced courses in Forensic Anthropology, Forensic Archaeology and Bloodstain Pattern Analysis (Military Academy of United Kingdom, Mercyhurst College, University of Milan, Accademia di Storia dell’Arte Sanitaria, Carabinieri R.I.S. of Parma), and then I undertook the PhD in Evolutionary Biology and Ecology at the University of Rome “Tor Vergata” with a project entitled “Forensic Anthropology: protocol and guidelines for the recovery and study of human remains”.

I am continuously updating my education by attending seminars and workshops, especially those organized annually by the American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

Research:

As an expert witness in forensic anthropology and archaeology for the Italian State Prosecutor Office (registered at Criminal Court of La Spezia), I’m interested in all aspect related to the recovery and identification of unknown bodies (i.e., missing people and murder victims), and to the reconstruction of their cause/manner of death. Relevant fields of the discipline that I try to develop are anthropometry, taphonomy, bone casting, cadaver dog training, field walking survey, protocols and standard procedures.

After being involved ( including as director) in dozens of archaeological and bio-archaeological excavations, and as a continuation of the activities carried out during five years of a research fellowship at the University of Florence, I apply forensic anthropology techniques on archaeological remains. In addition to studies on the frozen Iceman mummy (Öetzi), my main activity in this field has been the “forensic vampire project” carried out in 2009 with the National Geographic Society and presented in the NG documentary “Vampire Forensics.” After this experience, I became more interested in using a natural science approach to real events behind the birth of ancient superstition and beliefs.

I’m currently the director of the An.Hu.B.I. - Antinoupolis Human Bodies Investigation Project - for the recovery and analysis of human remains, mummificated or skeletonized, from the Egyptian site of Antinoupolis with the archaeological missions carried out the Papyrological Institute "G. Vitelli.”

Another overlap between forensic and archaeological researches is facial reconstruction that I realized both for missing people identification and historical purposes, such as the approximation of the face of Saint Venerio built for the La Spezia Bishopric.

Teaching:

Author of the first Italian handbook in forensic archaeology for the recovery of human remains from a crime scene, I taught as contract professor in graduate (University of Florence), master (Papal Theological University “San Bonaventura”; University of Rome “La Sapienza”, University “Nicola Cusano” of Rome) and post graduate programmes (Post Graduate Specialization School of Archeological Heritage of University of Florence).

I also organized field bio-archaeological experiences for volunteers, graduate and post graduate students in different parts of Italy (mass graves of the Lazzaretto Nuovo - Venice; Carpena Castle; Trebiano Graveyard), where I taught stratigraphic excavation techniques, mapping and sketching, and survey strategy.

I was invited as a speaker in many congresses, seminars and public events; I have also participated as an expert guest and scientific consultant in forensic anthropology for three seasons on the real crime magazine television program “Quarto Grado” (Italian Channel Rete4).

Collaborators:

  • University of Florence
  • University of Rome “La Sapienza”
  • University of Rome “Tor Vergata”
  • Papal Theological University “San Bonaventura”
  • Papyrological Institute "G. Vitelli”
  • Museo Fiorentino di Preistoria “Paolo Graziosi”
  • CICAP
  • Prof. Fabio Martini
  • Prof. Donatella Lippi
  • Prof. Piero Mannucci

Awards:

Honorary member Commonwealth War Graves Commission - Commonwealth-Italian Joint Committee

Membership:

  • American Academy of Forensic Sciences [member, Physical Anthropology Section]
  • International Academy of Legal Medicine [member, Forensic Anthropology Society of Europe section]
  • International Association for Identification [associate member]
  • Accademia Italiana di Scienze Forensi / Italian Academy of Forensic Sciences [member, responsible of the section “Forensic Archaeology and Anthropology”]
  • Società Italiana di Antropologia ed Etnologia [member]
  • Associazione Antropologica Italiana [member]
  • Istituto Italiano di Antropologia [member]
  • Centro Internazionale Ricerche Archeologiche / International Center of Archaeological Research [member]
  • Gruppo Archeologico Spezzino / Archaeological Group of La Spezia [president]

Publication List
Monography:

  • Borrini M (2007). Archeologia Forense: metodo e tecnica per il recupero dei resti umani:compendio per l'investigazione scientifica. BOLOGNA:Lo Scarabeo, ISBN: 888478106X
  • Borrini M, Lusa V (2008). L'atto Criminale. Antropologia e scienze forensi per un'indagine sul male. BOLOGNA:Lo Scarabeo, ISBN: 8884781175
  • Borrini M, Lusa Vincenzo (2012). La prova occulta. L'indagine forense sub suolo alla luce della procedura penale. BOLOGNA:Lo Scarabeo, ISBN: 9788884781291

Article and posters:

  • Magni PA, Borrini M, Dadour IR (2013) Human remains found in two wells: a forensic entomology perspective. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2013 Sep;9(3):413-7.
  • Magni PA, Pérez-Bañón C, Borrini M, Dadour IR (2013) Syritta pipiens (Diptera: Syrphidae), a new species associated with human cadavers. Forensic Sci Int. 2013 Sep 10;231(1-3):e19-23
  • Borrini M (2013) Forensisch-anthropologische Analyse der perimortalen Verletzungen anhand der Skelettüberreste von Giuliano de’ Medici infolge des Attentats am 26. April 1478 \ L’attentato a Giuliano de’ Medici il 26 aprile 1478. Analisi antropologico-forense della dinamica dei fatti e dell’arma del delitto.\ in “Die Medici. Menschen, Macht und Leidenschaft. / I Medici. Uomini, potere e passione” Alfried Wieczorek, Gaëlle Rosendahl and Donatella Lippi (editors); Schnell und Steiner Verlag Regensburg
  • Marchiaro Stefano, Borrini M (2013) The Italian Killer of JFK: History and Evolution of Carcano Model 1891-An Italian Bolt-Action Military Rifle. In: Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences -64rd Annual Scientific Meeting . Washington, 18/23 February 2012, vol. 19, p.202
  • Borrini M (2013) The Chaotic Numerology of Anthropometry: A Proposal for a Univocal Numeric Codification of Bone Measurements. In: Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences -64rd Annual Scientific Meeting . Washington, 18/23 February 2012, vol. 19, p.444-445
  • Di Nunzio Ciro, Borrini M, Saliva Maurizio, Nuzzolese Emilio, Ausania Francesco, Aquila Isabella, Ricci Pietrantonio (2012). Positive Human Identification of a Cold Case: Multidisciplinary Approach of Forensic Experts in Pathology, Anthropology, Odontology, and Genetics. In: Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences -64rd Annual Scientific Meeting. Atlanta, 20/25 febbraio 2012, vol. 18, p. 31
  • Lusa Vincenzo, Borrini M, Pascasi Selene (2012). Sanity and Insanity in a Criminal Trial:The European Experience Seeks the American Experience. In: Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences -64rd Annual Scientific Meeting . Atlanta, 20/25 febbraio 2012, vol. 18, p. 231
  • Borrini M, Brosz Helmut G. (2012). Ötzi the Iceman - Austrian, Italian, or Other?. In: Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences -64rd Annual Scientific Meeting . Atlanta, 20/25 febbraio 2012, vol. 18, p. 483-484
  • Borrini M (2012). More Than a Cold Case: The Frozen Murder of Iceman — A Heinous or a Merciful Crime Scene?. In: Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences - 64rd Annual Scientific Meeting . Atlanta, 20/25 febbraio 2012, vol. 18, p. 484
  • Borrini M, Nuzzolese Emilio (2012). Authors' Response.. JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES, vol. 57, p. 845-848,
  • Borrini M, Donati Manola, Murgia Clizia, Mariani Pier Paolo, Riccadonna Laura (2012). La "Signora di Sant'Omero": analisi bioarcheologica con tecniche forensi di una sepoltura alla cappuccina dal sito di Santa Maria a Vico (Sant'Omero - Teramo). ARCHIVIO PER L'ANTROPOLOGIA E LA ETNOLOGIA, vol. CXLII,
  • Borrini M, Rodriguez Consuelo, Murgia Clizia, Mariani Pier Paolo, Borrini Camilla (2012). Studio popolazionistico su base dentaria della popolazione veneziana inumata presso il camposanto dell'isola del Lazzaretto Nuovo: un'analisi preliminare. ARCHIVIO PER L'ANTROPOLOGIA E LA ETNOLOGIA, vol. CXLII,
  • Borrini M, Murgia Clizia, Mariani Pier Paolo, Riccadonna Laura, Donati Manola (2012). I reperti scheletrici umani dal sito di Santa Maria a Vico (Sant'Omero - TE): un'analisi antropologica. . ARCHIVIO PER L'ANTROPOLOGIA E LA ETNOLOGIA, vol. CXLII,
  • Borrini M, Marchiaro Stefano, Mannucci Piero (2012). La lesività delle armi antiche: la frombola a mano. ARCHIVIO PER L'ANTROPOLOGIA E LA ETNOLOGIA, vol. CXLII,
  • Borrini M (2011). Forensic Anthropology: a typical Italian case report to understand possible future developments. ARCHIVIO PER L'ANTROPOLOGIA E LA ETNOLOGIA, vol. CXLI, p. 117-126,
  • Borrini M, Marchiaro Stefano, Mannucci Piero (2011). La lesività delle armi antiche: il pilum pesante repubblicano. ARCHIVIO PER L'ANTROPOLOGIA E LA ETNOLOGIA, vol. CXLI, p.105-115
  • Borrini M, Mariani Pier Paolo, Marchiaro Stefano, Murgia Clizia, Riccadonna Laura, Rodriguez Consuelo, Parizzi Simone (2011). 2011 Lo scavo antropologico nel sagrato della Pieve di San Michele Arcangelo di Trebiano (Arcola-SP): notizie preliminari. ARCHIVIO PER L'ANTROPOLOGIA E LA ETNOLOGIA, vol. CXLI, p. 181-182,
  • Franchi Nancy, Bartoli Fulvio, Borrini M, Mallegni Francesco (2011). Un Cold Case di 2.000 anni fa: la morte violenta di un marinaio romano tra archeologia e antropologia forense. In: 1961-2011: cinquant'anni di congressi. passato, presente e futuro dell'Antropologia. Torino, 21-23 settembre 2011, vol. vol 2, p. 140, ASTI:Diffusione Immagine 15
  • Borrini M, Mariani Pier Paolo, Rosati Gloria (2011). Autopsia virtuale di due mummie egizie dalle collezioni fiorentine: un'analisi antropologica preliminare . In: 19161-2011: Cinquant'anni di congressi. passato, presente e futuro dell'Antropologia. vol. 2, p. 106-107, ASTI:Diffusione Immagine, Torino, 21-23 settembre 2011
  • Borrini M, Mariani Pier Paolo, Murgia Clizia, Rodriguez Consuelo, Tumbarello Maria Virginia (2011). Tafonomia giaciturale: le alterazioni superficiali dell'osso come indicatori contestuali . In: Micheletti Cremasco Margherita; Scalfari Francesco . 19161-2011: Cinquant'anni di congressi. passato, presente e futuro dell'Antropologia. Torino, 21-23 settembre 2011, vol. 2, p. 131, ASTI:Diffusione Immagine 17
  • Borrini M, Solaini Prisca, Golloher Michael (2011). Analisi preliminare degli esiti patologici e traumatici su un campione scheletrico dalla laguna di Venezia . In: 19161-2011: Cinquant'anni di congressi. passato, presente e futuro dell'Antropologia. Torino, 21-23 settembre 2011, vol. 2, p. 132, ASTI:Diffusione Immagine 18.
  • Borrini M, Giachetti Cosimo (2011). Il guerriero nel fango: analisi antropologico identificativa dei resti scheletrici di un guerriero longobardo del VII secolo . In: 19161- 2011: Cinquant'anni di congressi. passato, presente e futuro dell'Antropologia. Torino, 21-23 settembre 2011, vol. 2, p. 133, ASTI:Diffusione Immagine
  • Borrini M, Tomba Scalia Gian Paolo, Mariani Pier Paolo, Murgia Clizia, Rodriguez Consuelo (2011). Taphonomy and anthropometry: the post mortem fate of measurement. A preliminary study on buried skulls - 19th IAFS World Meeting - Funchal Madeira, Portugal . In: 19th IAFS World Meeting - Funchal Madeira, Portugal . Funchal-Madeira, Potugal , 12-17 settembre 2011
  • Borrini M, Rickards O., Martinez Labarga C. (2011). 2011 The Vampire of Venice: a real ancient ancestor of Twilight investigated by modern forensic sciences. In: Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences . Chicago, 21-26 febbraio 2011, vol. 17, COLORADO SPRINGS:American Academy of Forensic Sciences
  • Borrini M, Tumbarello Maria Virginia (2011). Taphonomy Reader Beta-version: a software to help in taphonomic syndromes diagnosis. In: Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences . Chicago, 21-26 febbraio 2011, vol. 17, p. 376-377, COLORADO SPRINGS: American Academy of Forensic Sciences
  • Lusa Vincenzo, Borrini M (2011). Classifying Criminal Subjects: Clustering Based on Psychobiological Sciences and Italian Criminal Law. In: Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences . Chicago, 21-26 febbraio 2011, vol. 17, COLORADO SPRINGS:American Academy of Forensic Sciences
  • Borrini M (2011). Il Vampiro in obitorio. In: La scienza dei mostri. Un'indagine scientifica sulle creature dell'incubo. vol. 14, p. 38-49, MILANO:CICAP, ISBN: 8895276159
  • Borrini M (2011). Forensic Anthropology: typical Italian cases and possible future developments. In: BIT's 2nd Annual World Congress of Forensics 2011. Science, Justice and Peace. Chongqing, China, 15-18 ottobre 2011, BIT World Congress (Dalian) Inc.
  • Borrini M, Mariani Pier Paolo, Rosati Gloria (2011). Virtual Autopsy of two Egyptian Mummies From the Florentine Collection: a Preliminary Anthropological Analysis. In: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH, vol. Vol. LXXXIV, p. 183-185, SOVERIA MANNELLI:Rubbettino, ISSN: 1826-8838, Torino, 21-24 settembre 2011
  • Borrini M, Mariani Pier Paolo, Murgia Clizia, Rodriguez Consuelo, Tumbarello Maria Virginia (2011). Contextual Taphonomy: Superficial Bone Alterations as Contextual Indicators. In: Atti del XIX Congresso Associazione Antropologica Italiana. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH, vol. Vol. LXXXIV, p. 217-219, SOVERIA MANNELLI:Rubbettino, ISSN: 1826-8838, Torino e Asti, 21-24 settembre 2011
  • Borrini M, Giachetti Cosimo (2011). A Forensic Anthropological Analysis of the Seventh-Century Lombard Warrior's Remains. In: Atti del XIX Congresso dell'Associazione Antropologica Italiana. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH, vol. Vol. LXXXIV, p. 222-223, SOVERIA MANNELLI:Rubbettino, ISSN: 1826-8838, Ancona, 14-17 settembre 2009
  • Borrini M, Solaini Prisca, Golloher Michael (2011). Preliminary Analysis of the Pathological and Traumatic Conditions on Skeletal Samples from a Plague Cemetery of Venice. In: Atti del XIX Congresso dell'Associazione ANtropologica Italiana. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH, vol. Vol. LXXXIV, p. 220-221, SOVERIA MANNELLI:Rubbettino, ISSN: 1826-8838, Torino, 21-23 settembre 2011
  • Franchi Nancy, Bartoli Fulvio, Borrini M (2011). , A 2000 Year-Old Cold Case: the Violent Death of a Roman Mariner Between Archaeology and Forensic Anthropology. In: Atti del XIX Congresso dell'Associazione Antropologica Italiana. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH, vol. Vol. LXXXIV, p. 234-235, SOVERIA MANNELLI:Rubbettino, ISSN: 1826-8838, Torino, 21-23 settembre 2011
  • Garofano L., Borrini M, Marchesini L, Carelli G., Grassi R., Sorrentino F., Francesconi F., Francesconi M., Marsili P., Legnaioli S., Lorenzetti G., Pardini L., Palleschi V. (2011). LIBS analysis of archaeological human tissues using forensic science techniques: the strange case of the vampire lady. In: Abstracts. Istanbul, 22/11/2011-25/11/2011
  • Borrini M, Nuzzolese E (2010). Forensic approach to an archaeological casework of 'vampire' skeletal remains in Venice: odontological and anthropological prospectus. JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES, vol. 55, p. 1634-1637
  • Borrini M, Bartoli Fulvio, Bacci Alessandra, Mallegni Francesco (2010). Analisi paleonutrizionale su alcuni campioni dalla mass grave dell'Isola del Lazzaretto Nuovo (Venezia). ARCHIVIO PER L'ANTROPOLOGIA E LA ETNOLOGIA, vol. CXL, p. 81-91
  • Nuzzolese Emilio, Borrini M (2009). The Vampire Bites Back in Odontology and Anthropology: Case Report of Skeletal Remains in Nuovo Lazzaretto Island, Venice. In: Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences . Denver (Colorado), 16/21 febbraio 2009, vol. 15, COLORADO SPRINGS:American Academy of Forensic Sciences
  • Borrini M, Mariani Pier Paolo, Rosati Gloria (2009). Skeletal trauma by modern profanations on Egyptian mummies from Florentine collection. In: 1st Mummy congress "Mummies and life sciences" abstract book. Bolzano, 19/21 marzo 2009, Bolzano:Eurac research
  • Borrini M (2009). Application of a forensic light source on the Iceman skin: results and possible researches on mummified bodies. In: 1st Mummy congress "Mummies and life sciences" abstract book. Bolzano, 19/21 marzo 2009, Bolzano:Eurac research
  • Petaros Anja, Borrini M, Azman Josip. (2009). The history of fire and torture - fire in crimes committed against the integrity of life and health. In: V Meeting of the International Society for the History of Medicine Theme: Light and fire in medicine. Nikozija, Cipar, 9/12 settembre 2009, Nicosia:Pierides, Alkis (ed)
  • Borrini M (2008). La scoperta di una sepoltura di "vampiro": archeologia e antropologia forense analizzano la genesi di una leggenda. ARCHIVIO PER L'ANTROPOLOGIA E LA ETNOLOGIA, vol. CXXXVIII, p. 215-217,
  • Borrini M (2008). Archeologia Forense e Antropologia Identificativa: due discipline, un fine comune. Casi studio. In: Atti del XVII Congresso dell'Associazione Antropologica Italiana. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGY, p. 395-402, ISSN: 0393-9383, Cagliari, 25-28 Settembre
  • Borrini M (2008). Le indagini archeologiche nel sito di Carpena (Riccò del Golfo). ARCHEOLOGIA IN LIGURIA, vol. n.s. vol 1, p. 337-338
  • Borrini M (2008). An exorcism against a vampire in Venice: anthropological and forensic study on an archeological burial of XVIth Century. BULLETINS ET MÉMOIRES DE LA SOCIÉTÉ D'ANTHROPOLOGIE DE PARIS, In: third jubilee of Société d'Anthropologie de Paris. Parigi, 26/30 gennaio 2009, vol. n.s., t 20,
  • Turchetto Margherita, Lafisca Andrea, Borrini M, Vanin Stefano (2008). A study of the entomofauna on some 2nd Word War skeletons from a "foiba" in NW-Italy. In: Proceedings of the sixth meeting of the European Association For Forensic Entomology. Kolymbari/Crete, 20/24-05/2008, p. 33-34
  • Borrini M (2008). Il Lazzaretto Nuovo, l'isola dei morti. Un contributo fondamentale per la rilettura della peste e delle strutture sanitarie nella Repubblica di Venezia. ARCHEOLOGIA E BENI CULTURALI, vol. anno IV, p. 10-11
  • Borrini M (2007). Archeologia e Antropologia Identificativa. In: ArcheoVenezia. vol. anno XVII n 1-2, p. 1-8
  • Borrini M (2007). Prehistoric Pollution. La neolitizzazione e il mutato rapporto tra l'uomo e il territorio in ambito mediterraneo. ARCHEOLOGIA E BENI CULTURALI, vol. Anno III n.11 , p. 11-13 • Borrini M (2006). Il vero volto di Gjergj Kastrioti Skenderbeu, Eroe dell'Albania e dell'Europa. In: L'Albania in Europa L'Europa di Albania. Shqiperia ne Europe. Europa ne Shqiperi. p. 52-53, Caritas Diocesana
  • Borrini M (2006). Zignago e l'alfabeto della Lunigiana. ARCHEOLOGIA E BENI CULTURALI, vol. anno II n°1, p. 5-6
  • Borrini M (2005). Messaggi dalle pietre - contributo per una nuova interpretazione delle iscrizioni liguri sulle statue-stele della Lunigiana. ARCHEOLOGIA E BENI CULTURALI, vol. Anno I n.4, p. 4-6
  • Borrini M (2004). Un'analisi antropologica preliminare sui resti scheletrici. In: Venezia Isola del Lazzaretto Nuovo. p. 157-158, Venezia:Archeoclub d'Italia - sede di Venezia
  • Borrini M (2004). Campo di ricerca junior 2001: il pozzo del Priore. In: Venezia Isola del Lazzaretto Nuovo. p. 155-157, Venezia:Archeoclub d'Italia - sede di Venezia
  • Borrini M (2003). I sentieri della memoria - una possibile interpretazione delle emergenze archeologiche nell'area delle Cinque Terre. In: Archeologia. vol. anno XI n 6-7, p. 9-11
  • Borrini M (2002). Come si conservava il pianto?. In: Archeologia. vol. anno X n. 4/5
  • Borrini M (2001). Principi d'Etruria. Riflessioni sull'Orientalizzante etrusco. vol. anno IX n. 5/6, p. 6-7

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