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Centre for Advanced Policing Studies

Dr Adrian James

Dr Adrian James

Telephone: 0151 231 5156


Former Scotland Yard detective, Adrian James, is a Reader in Police Studies at the Centre for Advanced Police Studies, Liverpool John Moores University, UK. Awarded his doctorate by the London School of Economics for a study into the origins and development of intelligence-led policing, Adrian has published extensively on investigative policy and practice. His publications include a research monograph on the UK’s National Intelligence Model, which commonly is viewed as the template for intelligence-led policing models that have emerged around the world. He maintains strong links with the policing institution through his research and consultancy work and recently completed a study for the UK’s College of Policing into ‘what works’ in police intelligence practice.


2012, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom, PhD
2003, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom, MSc with Merit in Criminal Justice Policy
2000, University of Portsmouth, UK, BSc (Hons) Policing & Police Studies

Academic appointments

Reader in Police Studies, Liverpool Centre for Advanced Policing Studies, Liverpool John Moores University, 2017 - present
External Examiner, Police Sciences, University of South Wales, 2017 - present
External Examiner, Sociology, University of Limerick (Garda Siochana College), 2016 - present
External Examiner, Social Sciences, Humanities & Law, Teesside Universty, 2015 - present
Senior Lecturer in Criminal Investigation, Institute of Criminal Justice Studies, University of Portsmouth, 2007 - 2017



Phythian M. 2018. Intelligence The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces :642-657 9780198790501 >DOI

James AD. Intelligence-Led Policing: Comparing National Approaches to its Regulation and Control den Boer M. Handbook on Comparative Policing from a Legal Perspective Edward Elgar Research >Public Url

Journal article

James AD, Safjański T. 2018. Europol's crime analysis system - practical determinants of its success Policing (Oxford): a journal of policy and practice, >DOI >Public Url

James AD, Phythian M, Wadie F, Richards J. 2017. The road not taken: understanding barriers to the development of police intelligence practice The International Journal of Intelligence, Security, and Public Affairs , 19 :77-91 >DOI >Public Url

James A. 2014. Forward to the past: reinventing intelligence-led policing in Britain Police Practice and Research, 15 :75-88 >DOI >Public Url

James A, Mills M. 2012. Does Acpo Know Best: To What Extent May the Pip Programme Provide a Template for the Professionalisation of Policing? The Police Journal, 85 :133-149 >DOI

James A. 2005. Criminal Networks, Illegal Immigration and the Threat to Border Security International Journal of Police Science & Management, 7 :219-229 >DOI

James AD. 2003. The advance of intelligence-led policing strategies: the emperor’s new clothes? The Police Journal, 76 :45-59 >DOI

James AD, Valkberg E. Intelligence Icelandic Police Journal, >Public Url

James A. The Path to Enlightenment: Limiting Costs and Maximizing Returns from Intelligence-Led Policy and Practice in Public Policing Policing, :paw050-paw050 >DOI >Public Url

Book review

James A. 2018. Review of Jerry Ratcliffe, Intelligence Led Policing (2nd Edition). Published in Abingdon, Oxon by Routledge (2016), 222 pages. POLICING & SOCIETY, 28 :120-122 >DOI >Link >Public Url


James AD. 2017. Police intelligence practice in the UK >Public Url

Internet publication

James AD. 2016. In praise of 'little data' >Link

James AD. 2016. Drowning not waving: after 40 years of neglect, what now should be done to develop police intelligence practice in Britain? >Public Url


James A. 2016. Understanding police intelligence work Policy Press 9781447326434

James A. 2013. Examining intelligence-led policing: Developments in research, policy and practice :1-227 9781137307361 >DOI


James AD, Phythian M, Wadie F, Richardson J. What works in intelligence :1-27 >Public Url


James AD. The influence of intelligence-led policing models on investigative policy and practice in mainstream policing 1993-2007: division, resistance and investigative orthodoxy Newburn T.

Engagement & Impact

Conference presentation:

Achieving expertise in police intelligence practice through simulation, LJMU Teaching & Learning Conference, LJMU, Lecture 12/06/2019

Can science solve policing's problems, New trends in modern policing, Norwegian Police University College, Oslo., Keynote presentation 06/06/2019

Achieving expertise in police intelligence practice through simulation, CEPOL 2017 Research and Science Conference INNOVATIONS IN LAW ENFORCEMENT - Implications for practice, education and civil society, National University of Public Services; Budapest, Hungary, Oral presentation 28/11/2017

Teaching law enforcement intelligence, 12th Annual IAFIE and 1st Annual Conference of IAFIE''s European Chapter, Royal Military Academy, Breda, The Netherlands, part of the Intelligence & Consumers session 22/06/2016

Future of intelligence - an academic perspective, ACPO National Intelligence Conference - Intelligence fusion: connecting the dots, Hinckley Island Hotel, Leicestershire, Oral presentation 14/05/2013

Conference organisation:

Conference on “Intelligence-Led Policing – The Path to a Smarter Policing". A conference organised under the auspices of the Georgian MIA International Relations Department and the EU's Criminal Justice Support Project for Georgia., Conference moderator and keynote speaker,

External collaboration:

National Police Chiefs Council, Intelligence Practice Consortium, David Hollies, West Midlands Police

National Police Chiefs Council, ACC Phil Kay, Leicestershire Police, Intelligence Innovation Group

British Transport Police, Assistant Chief Constable Mark Newton (Review of force's national intelligence plan).

External PGR examinations performed:

London Metropolitan University, PhD, The changing role of women participating in 'front line' terrorism

Canterbury Christ Church University, MPhil, An explorative case study of the coping mechanisms used by the Metropolitan Police Service Territorial Support Group

Canterbury Christ Church University, MPhil, Eyewitness Understanding of Post-Identification Feedback and Witness Confidence Inflation as System Variables: a review of police practice

Canterbury Christ Church University, MPhil, Skin coloured targets

London Metropolitan University, Professional Doctorate, Assessing the challenge of policing animal rights extremism in the UK and the changing impact on community safety and human rights in the period 2004-2010.

London Metropolitan University, Professional Doctorate, Same destination, Different Journey: a comparative study of public order policing in Britain and Spain

London Metropolitan University, Professional Doctorate, Police governance in Canada - a parallax perspective

London Metropolitan University, Professional Doctorate, The life and death of S.44 Terrorism Act 2000 - stop and search

London Metropolitan University, Professional Doctorate, Policing in Afghanistan. Time for the local Afghan police to play a greater role?

University of Portsmouth, Professional Doctorate, "Pathways to Accountability? Independent Oversight, the Right to Life and the Investigation of Deaths involving the Police"

University of Portsmouth, Professional Doctorate, "Mediation and Gangs: A study of violence reduction in the Metropolitan Police Area in London".

University of Portsmouth, PhD, Watchdogs of the wrongly convicted: the role of the media in revealing miscarriages of justice

University of Portsmouth, Professional Doctorate, Policing the Police and Crime Commissioners: An evaluation of the effectiveness of Police and Crime Panels in holding Police and Crime Commissioners to account

University of South Wales, PhD, An exploration of changes to the investigation of homicide in England and Wales from the 1980s to the present day

External PGR Supervision - completed students:

University of Portsmouth, Professional Doctorate, "Pregnancy on Patrol - A Critical Exploration of the Issues Surrounding Pregnancy, Maternity and Operational Policing"

University of Portsmouth, Professional Doctorate, To what degree have the non-police public services adopted the National Intelligence Model?

University of Portsmouth, Professional Doctorate, Does External Power Affect the Fairness of Public Policing in Dublin's North Inner City?

University of Portsmouth, Professional Doctorate, An examination of the use and management of juvenile covert human intelligence sources (CHIS) and child safeguarding orthodoxy in England: an exploratory study.

University of Portsmouth, PhD, Adapting to a new security environment: Turkey’s border security.

Membership of professional bodies:

Member - Association of Ex-Detectives of the Metropolitan Police, Association of Ex-Detectives of the Metropolitan Police,

Member - International Association for Intelligence Education, International Association for Intelligence Education,

Other invited event:

Organisation for Security & Cooperation in Europe, Annual Police Experts Meeting, Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria, Keynote speaker - 2016 Annual Police Experts Meeting under the German Chairmanship-in-Office of the OSCE. The meeting addresses the subject of Intelligence-Led Policing: A Model for Strategic Planning; Strengthening Community Policing; and Countering Transnational Threats by Criminal Activity.

Meeting of the National Police Board of Finland, Police University College, FI-33721, Tampere, Finland, Presentation to the Finnish National Police Board on the international adoption of intelligence-led policing

OSCE Guidebook on Intelligence-Led Policing - Launching Event, OSCE Headquarters, Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria, Launch of the OSCE Guidebook on Intelligence-Led Policing. Dr James was a key contributor to the guidebook

Other Professional Activity:

3-4/10/2018. Facilitated two-day visit to LCAPS by Norwegian Police University College. Visit led be Assistant Chief of Police Johnny Steenbek

Member of ESRC Global Challenge Peer Review Group

Research Grants Awarded:

UK College of Policing, What works in intelligence practice?, Mark Phythian (University of Leicester); Julian Richards (Buckingham University); Fiona Wadie (University of Portsmouth), Grant value (£): 24,550, Duration of research project: 2 years

APSS, Achieving expertise in police intelligence practice through simulation, Grant value (£): 1800, Duration of research project: 6 months

Teaching qualification:

City & Guilds - Further and Adult Education Teaching Certificate

Advanced Certificate in Education