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School of Law

Mr Lawrence Burke

Mr Lawrence Burke

Telephone: 0151 231 3721


I am module leader for the Level 6 'Community Penalties and Probation' and 'Prisons and Imprisonment' modules as well as the MA 'Delivering Rehabilitation module'. Prior to entering employment in higher education I spent many years working for the Probation Service in both community and custodial settings. My research interests are around probation practice and policy, offender supervision and resettlement of released prisoners.


1982, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom, BA History and English



Burke L, Millings MN, Robinson G. 2018. Is constructive practice still possible in a competitive environment? Findings from a case study of a community rehabilitation company in England and Wales Evidence-based Skills in Community Justice International Research on Supporting Rehabilitation and Desistance Policy Press 9781447332961

Burke L, Millings MN, Robinson G. 2017. Becoming a Community Rehabilitation Company: 'A situation not of our making' Lea J, King S. Privatisation and Criminal Justice Legitimacy and Change 9781447332404

Burke L. 2016. Where did it all go wrong? Probation under new labour and the coalition Probation and Politics: Academic Reflections from Former Practitioners :33-57 9781137595577 >DOI

Burke L, Bauwens A. 2014. Redefining professionalism by seeking legitimacy in probation? A comparison between Belgium and England and Wales’ Durnescu I, McNeill F. Understanding penal practice. :109-122 Routledge. Abingdon 978-0-415-63581-3

Burke L, McNeill F. 2013. The Devil in the Detail: Community Sentences, Probation and the Market Dockley A, Loader I. The Penal Landscape: The Howard League Guide to Criminal Justice in England and Wales Routledge. Abingdon

Burke L. 2011. ‘The training of probation officers in England and Wales’ . Larrauri, E, Blay E. Penas comunitarias en Europa (Community Penalties in Europe) :83-97 Trotta. Madrid 978-84-9879-227-0

Journal Articles

Taylor S, Burke L, Millings M, Ragonese E. 2017. Transforming Rehabilitation during a penal crisis: a case study of Through the Gate services in a Resettlement Prison in England and Wales European Journal of Probation, 9 :115-131

Burke L, Millings M, Robinson G. 2017. Probation migration(s): Examining occupational culture in a turbulent field CRIMINOLOGY & CRIMINAL JUSTICE, 17 :192-208 >DOI >Link

Robinson G, Burke L, Millings M. 2017. Probation, privatisation and legitimacy Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 56 :137-157 >DOI

Burke L, Collett S. 2016. Transforming rehabilitation: Organizational bifurcation and the end of probation as we knew it? Probation Journal, 63 :120-135 >DOI

Burke L, Teague M, Ward D, FPInst AW. 2016. Probation occupational cultures for the future? A focus group discussion British Journal of Community Justice, 14 :29-43

Dominey J, Burke L. 2016. What will probation practice look like in 2020? British Journal of Community Justice, 14 :89-93

Robinson G, Burke L, Millings M. 2016. Criminal Justice Identities in Transition: The Case of Devolved Probation Services in England and Wales BRITISH JOURNAL OF CRIMINOLOGY, 56 :161-178 >DOI >Link

Worrall A, Corcoran M, Barrett G, Beckett Wilson H, Burke L, Millings M. 2015. Integrated Offender Management: Evaluation research in Merseyside and North Staffordshire Probation Quarterly, :28-30

Burke L. 2013. Payment by Results: Some preliminary methodological issues and research challenges from the United Kingdom Advancing Practice,

Bauwens A, Burke L. 2013. Redefining professionalism by seeking legitimacy in probation? A comparison between Belgium and England and Wales :109-121 >DOI

Millar M, Burke L. 2012. Thinking Beyond 'Utility': Some Comments on Probation Practice and Training The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 51 :317-330 >DOI

Burke L. 2011. Introducing the special edition on occupational culture and skills in probation practice European Journal of Probation, 3

Burke L, Collett S. 2010. People Are Not Things: What New Labour Has Done to Probation Probation Journal: the journal of community and criminal justice, 57 :232-249 >DOI

Burke L. 2007. Alternatives to prison: Options for an insecure society JOURNAL OF SOCIAL POLICY, 36 :169-171 >DOI >Link

Burke L, Mair G, Ragonese E. 2006. An evaluation of service provision for short-term and remand prisoners with drug problems Probation Journal, 53 :109-123 >DOI

Mair G, Burke L, Taylor S. 2006. ‘The worst tax form you’ve ever seen’? Probation officers’ views about OASys Probation Journal, 53 :7-23 >DOI

Burke L. Transforming Rehabilitation: The changing face of the probation service in England and Wales, Bewährungshilfe | Soziales - Strafrecht – Kriminalpolitik,


Burke L. 2015. Delivering rehabilitation: The politics, governance and control of probation Routledge. Abingdon, Oxon 978-0-415-54036-0

Mair G, Burke L. 2012. Redemption, Rehabilitation and Risk Management: A History of Probation Routledge. Abingdon 978-1843922490

Burke L, Mair G. 2011. Redemption, Rehabilitation and Risk Management: A History of Probation Routledge. Abingdon

Burke L. Burke, L. (2005) ‘From Probation to the National Offender Management Service: Issues of Contestability, Culture and Community Involvement’. :1-55 Napo. London

Conference Publication (journal proceedings)

Burke L, Millings M. The policy and process of sharing criminal justice policy across EU partners European Society of Criminology

Engagement & Impact

Editorial boards:

Publication: Probation Journal, Position: Editor


Fellowship title: FPI, Organisation: Probation Institute