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Department of Maritime and Mechanical Engineering

Dr Linghai Lu

Dr Linghai Lu

Telephone: 0151 231 2506

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Biography

Dr Lu’s interests include Aircraft Modelling and Real-time Simulation, Inverse Simulation, Robust and Nonlinear Control, Aircraft/Rotorcraft Safety and Operation, Flight/Rotorcraft Handling Qualities, System Identification in the Time and Frequency Domains, Full-Motion Simulator Fidelity (6DOF), Aircraft Design, Human Factors, and UAV Guidance, Navigation, and Stabilization

Dr Lu is open for PhD application. Now a scholarship that covers three-year tuition fee is available for your application. You are welcomed to contact with me if you are of interest.

Career History
• 2017.07 -- Now Senior Lecturer in System Modelling Engineering (UAV), LJMU
• 2015.08 -- 2017.06 Lecturer for Aerospace Engineering in the University of Central Lancashire
• 2015.01 -- 2015.07 Researcher at Virtual Engineering Centre (VEC) at STFC Daresbury Laboratory
• 2007.10 – 2014.12 Research Fellow at Centre for Dynamics (Aerospace) in the University of Liverpool
• 2004.03 -- 2004.10 Electrical Engineer at Intel Inc.

Funding Awards
• Internal: 2018.12 Building a BAT like GNS for UAV Operation (£5k, 2019.01 -2019.07)
• Internal: 2017.12 Building a VR Flight Simulation platform, Pump Priming Award from Faculty of Engineering and Technology (PI, £5k, 2018.01 -2018.05)
• Internal: 2017.12 Building a Virtual Reality Simulation Platform with Motion System, Knowledge Exchange & Innovation (KE&I) (PI, £10k, 2018.01 -2018.07)
• Internal: 2017.04 Seed Corn Funding for Early Stage Researchers from the Faculty ECR seed corn research funding (PI, £2k, 2017.04 - 2017.07)

• External: 2018.12, EU’s Clean Sky 2 project ‘Rotorcraft Certification by Simulation (RoCS) (May. 2019 – Apr. 2022) (£140k) a partner of the grant of €3m from European Aviation Safety. The RoCS project aims to explore the possibilities, limitations, and guidelines for best practices for the application of flight simulation to demonstrate compliance to the airworthiness regulations related to helicopters and tiltrotors.

• External: 2017.10, A Novel Approach to Rotorcraft Simulation Fidelity (EPSRC, EP/P030009/1, PI, £366k, 2018.01 - 2022.01), http://gtr.rcuk.ac.uk/projects?ref=EP%2FP030009%2F1
The objective of this research is to establish a rational and systematic engineering approach to rotorcraft flight simulation fidelity enhancement, applicable to practices and processes involved in flight model and flight simulator development and certification. The overall goal is to develop a set of innovative tools relevant to achieving this objective, within a framework of physics-based rotorcraft modelling and pilot-in-the-loop simulation.

Awards
• 2013.09 Best Paper awarded from 39th European Rotorcraft Forum, Moscow, Russia
• 2010 -- 2011 The GARTEUR Award of Excellence awarded from European Commission
• 2004.10 -- 2007.09 Full Overseas Research Scholarship (ORS) and University Scholarship awarded from British Government and University of Glasgow
• 2006.10/2015.05 Attendance of a Flight Laboratory Course awarded from National Flying Laboratory Centre, UK
• 2004.05(08) Excellent Working Performance awarded twice from Intel Inc.

Languages

Chinese (Mandarin)
English

Degrees

2007, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom, PhD in Electronic & Electrical Engineering
2003, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom, Master in Electronic & Electrical Engineering
2001, University of Yanshan, China, BSc (Hons 1st) in Electrical Engineering and Automation Control

Academic appointments

Senior Lecturer in System Modelling Engineering, Department Maritime and Mechanical Engineering, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, 2017 - present

Publications

Conference publication

Lu L, Agarwal D, Padfield GD, Cameron N, White, MD, Gubbels AW. 2019. Rotorcraft Simulation Fidelity For Low Speed Manoeuvring Using ‘Additive’ System Identification 45th European Rotorcraft Forum

White MD, Cameron N, Padfield GD, Lu L, Advani S. 2019. The Need for Increased Fidelity in Flight Training Devices to address the ‘Rotorcraft Loss of Control Inflight’ problem 75th Annual Proceedings, The Vertical Flight Society's 75th Annual Forum & Technology Display Public Url

Cameron N, White MD, Padfield GD, Lu L, Agarwal D, Gubbels AW. 2019. Rotorcraft modeling renovation for improved fidelity The Vertical Flight Society - Forum 75: The Future of Vertical Flight - Proceedings of the 75th Annual Forum and Technology Display,

White MD, Cameron N, Padfield GD, Lu L, Advani S. 2019. Flight training simulator fidelity requirements to address ‘rotorcraft loss of control in-flight’ The Vertical Flight Society - Forum 75: The Future of Vertical Flight - Proceedings of the 75th Annual Forum and Technology Display,

Lu L, Jump M. 2017. Pilot modelling for boundary hazard perception and reaction study 43rd European Rotorcraft Forum, ERF 2017, 1 :640-652

Masarati P, Muscarello V, Quaranta G, Marguerettaz P, Guglieri G, Lu L, Jump M. 2015. A comprehensive pilot model for voluntary/involuntary action in rotorcraft-pilot coupling Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International, 3 :1821-1834

Lu L, Jump M, Perfect P, White M, Aldridge M. 2014. Development of occupant-preferred landing profiles for Personal Aerial Vehicle applications 40th European Rotorcraft Forum 2014, 1 :627-638

Pavel MD, Yilmaz D, Dang Vu B, Jump M, Lu L, Jones M. 2014. Adverse Rotorcraft-Pilot Couplings - Modelling and prediction of rigid body RPC sketches from the work of European project ARISTOTEL 2010-2013 Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International, 4 :3237-3270

Lu L, Jump M, Perfect P, White M. 2014. Development of a visual landing profile with natural-feeling cues Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International, 4 :2917-2928

Lu L, Jump M, Jones M, Yilmaz D, Pavel M. 2014. Comparison of simulator platform and flight tasks on adverse rotorcraft pilot coupling prediction Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International, 3 :2407-2423

Muscarello V, Masarati P, Quaranta G, Lu L, Jump M, Jones M. 2013. Investigation of adverse aeroelastic rotorcraft-pilot coupling using real-time simulation Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International, 2 :1389-1407

Yilmaz D, Pavel M, Vu BD, Jones M, Jump M, Lu L. 2013. PIO susceptibility accompanying HQ prospects in preliminary rotorcraft design 39th European Rotorcraft Forum 2013, ERF 2013, :511-514

Jones M, Jump M, Lu L, Yilmaz D, Pavel M, Masarati P, Quaranta G, Muscarello V. 2013. Exposing rotorcraft pilot couplings using flight simulation 39th European Rotorcraft Forum 2013, ERF 2013, :506-510

Pavel M, Yilmaz D, Vu BD, Jump M, Jones M, Lu L. 2013. Adverse Rotorcraft-Pilot Couplings: Modelling and prediction rigid body RPC1: Sketches from the work of ARISTOTEL 39th European Rotorcraft Forum 2013, ERF 2013, :489-493

Lu L, Jump M, Jones M. 2012. Tau coupling investigation using positive wavelet analysis 38th European Rotorcraft Forum 2012, ERF 2012, 2 :776-795

Yilmaz D, Pavel M, Jones M, Jump M, Lu L. 2012. Identification of pilot control behavior during possible rotorcraft pilot coupling events 38th European Rotorcraft Forum 2012, ERF 2012, 2 :1147-1171

Jones M, Jump M, Lu L, Yilmaz D, Pavel M. 2012. Using the phase-aggression criterion to identify rotorcraft pilot coupling events 38th European Rotorcraft Forum 2012, ERF 2012, 2 :1172-1187

Masarati P, Quaranta G, Lu L, Jump M. 2012. Theoretical and experimental investigation of aeroelastic rotorcraft-pilot coupling Annual Forum Proceedings - AHS International, 2 :1339-1353

Lu L, Padfield GD, White M, Perfect P. 2010. Rotorcraft simulation renovation through system identification 36th European Rotorcraft Forum, ERF 2010, 2 :982-996

Lu L, Padfield GD, Jump M. 2010. Optical Tau in boundary-avoidance tracking - A new perspective on pilot-induced oscillations 36th European Rotorcraft Forum, ERF 2010, 1 :503-517

Murray-Smith DJ, Lu L, McGookin EW. 2008. Applications of inverse simulation methods to a nonlinear model of an underwater vehicle Grand Challenges in Modeling and Simulation Symposium 2008, GCMS 2008, Part of the 2008 Summer Simulation Multiconference, SummerSim 2008, :135-142

Murray-Smith DJ, Lu L. 2008. Inverse simulation methods and applications Grand Challenges in Modeling and Simulation Symposium 2008, GCMS 2008, Part of the 2008 Summer Simulation Multiconference, SummerSim 2008, :143-150

Lu L, Padfield G, Jump M. 2008. The strongly controlled helicopter 34th European Rotorcraft Forum 2008, ERF34, 1 :210-244

Journal article

Lu L, Jump M, Padfield GD. 2017. Development of a Generic Time-to-Contact Pilot Guidance Model Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Lu L, Jump M, Mark W, Philip P. 2016. Development of Occupant-Preferred Landing Profiles for Personal Aerial Vehicles Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 39 :1805-1819 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Muscarello V, Quaranta G, Masarati P, Lu L, Jones M, Jump M. 2015. Prediction and Simulator Verification of Roll/Lateral Adverse Aeroservoelastic Rotorcraft–Pilot Couplings Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 39 :42-60 DOI Author Url

Pavel MD, Masarati P, Gennaretti M, Jump M, Zaichik L, Dang-Vu B, Lu L, Yilmaz D, Quaranta G, Ionita A, Serafini J. 2015. Practices to identify and preclude adverse Aircraft-and-Rotorcraft-Pilot Couplings - A design perspective Progress in Aerospace Sciences, 76 :55-89 DOI

Lu L, Jump M. 2014. Multiloop pilot model for boundary-triggered pilot-induced oscillation investigations Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics: devoted to the technology of dynamics and control, 37 :1863-1879 DOI Publisher Url

Masarati P, Quaranta G, Lu L, Jump M. 2014. A closed loop experiment of collective bounce aeroelastic Rotorcraft-Pilot Coupling Journal of Sound and Vibration, 333 :307-325 DOI

Lu L, Jump M, Jones M. 2013. Tau coupling investigation using positive wavelet analysis Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 36 :920-934 DOI

Jones M, Jump M, Lu L. 2013. Development of the phase-aggression criterion for rotorcraft-pilot coupling detection Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 36 :35-47 DOI

Padfield GD, Lu L, Jump M. 2012. Tau guidance in boundary-avoidance tracking: New perspectives on pilot-induced oscillations Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 35 :80-92 DOI

Lu L, Padfield GD, White M, Perfect P. 2011. Fidelity enhancement of a rotorcraft simulation model through system identification Aeronautical Journal, 115 :453-470 DOI

Lu L, Padfield GD, Jump M. 2010. Investigation of rotorcraft-pilot couplings under flight-path constraint below the minimum-power speed Aeronautical Journal, 114 :405-416 DOI

Lu L, Murray-Smith DJ, Thomson DG. 2008. Issues of numerical accuracy and stability in inverse simulation Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory, 16 :1350-1364 DOI

Lu L, Murray-Smith DJ, McGookin EW. 2007. Investigation of inverse simulation for design of feedforward controllers Mathematical and Computer Modelling of Dynamical Systems, 13 :437-454 DOI

Lu L, Murray-Smith DJ, Thomson DG. 2007. Sensitivity-analysis method for inverse simulation application Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 30 :114-121 DOI

Book

Lu L. 2010. Inverse Modelling and Inverse Simulation for Engineering Applications: Novel Ideas for System Engineering and Control Applications LAP Lambert Academic Publishing. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing 978-3838337333 Author Url Publisher Url

Engagement & Impact

External collaboration:

https://www.gla.ac.uk/research/az/ukvln/about/, University of Glasgow, University of Bristol Cranfield University University of Glasgow University of Leicester University of Liverpool University of Manchester University of Bath ARA DSTL Hybrid Air Vehicles Leonardo Helicopters. 2019

https://www.liverpool.ac.uk/flight-science/, Flight Science and Technology, University of Liverpool. 2015

External committees:

GARTEUR EG38 Verification & Validation: Metrics for the Qualification of Rotorcraft Simulation Quality, GARTEUR EG38, Committee Member. 2019