Liverpool Skyline

Department of Maritime and Mechanical Engineering

Dr Xiaoxiao Liu

Dr Xiaoxiao Liu

Telephone: 0151 904 6157



Journal article

Liu X, Carre MJ, Zhang Q, Lu Z, Matcher SJ, Lewis R. 2018. Measuring Contact Area in a Sliding Human Finger-Pad Contact Skin Research and Technology, 24 :31-44 DOI Author Url Public Url

Liu X, Maiti R, Lu ZH, Carré MJ, Matcher SJ, Lewis R. 2017. New Non-invasive Techniques to Quantify Skin Surface Strain and Sub-surface Layer Deformation of Finger-pad during Sliding Biotribology, 12 :52-58 DOI

Zhang Q, Mahfouf M, Panoutsos G, Beamish K, Liu X. 2015. Multiobjective optimal design of friction stir welding considering quality and cost issues SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF WELDING AND JOINING, 20 :607-615 DOI Author Url Public Url

Liu X, Gad D, Lu Z, Lewis R, Carre MJ, Matcher SJ. 2015. The contributions of skin structural properties to the friction of human finger-pads PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART J-JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING TRIBOLOGY, 229 :294-311 DOI Author Url

Liu X, Lu Z, Lewis R, Carre MJ, Matcher SJ. 2013. Feasibility of using optical coherence tomography to study the influence of skin structure on finger friction TRIBOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, 63 :34-44 DOI Author Url

Tomlinson SE, Lewis R, Liu X, Texier C, Carre MJ. 2011. Understanding the Friction Mechanisms Between the Human Finger and Flat Contacting Surfaces in Moist Conditions TRIBOLOGY LETTERS, 41 :283-294 DOI Author Url


Zhang Q, Liu X, Spurgeon S. 2016. Development of Intelligent Predictive Models for Crowding - Final Feasibility Report Technical Report: Development of Intelligent Predictive Models for Crowding on Trains using Data-driven Methodologies :0-103 Author Url Publisher Url

Conference publication

Hu X, Maiti R, Liu X, Gerhardt L-C, Lee ZS, Byers R, Franklin SE, Lewis R, Matcher SJ, Carre MJ. 2016. Skin surface and sub-surface strain and deformation imaging using Optical Coherence Tomography and Digital Image Correlation Larin KV, Sampson DD. OPTICAL ELASTOGRAPHY AND TISSUE BIOMECHANICS III, 3rd Conference on Optical Elastography and Tissue Biomechanics III 9710 DOI Author Url


Zhang Q, Liu X. Optimisation in Friction Stir Welding: Modelling, Monitoring and Design Datta S, Davim JP. Optimization in Industry - Present Practices and Future Scopes :299-329 Springer, Cham 978-3-030-01640-1 DOI