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School of Civil Engineering and Built Environment

Dr Ana Armada Bras

Biography

Ana Bras is a Civil Engineer, CEng, FICE, with 16 years of experience in R&D and Consultancy on bio-based composites for durability and hygrothermal risks minimisation of retrofitting solutions for buildings and RC structures. She is a Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor) at the Department of Built Environment at Liverpool John Moores University (UK).

She graduated in 2004 with a MEng of a 5 years degree university programme in Civil Engineering, at NOVA University of Lisbon. In 2011, she completed the PhD studies in Civil Engineering at NOVA (specialty in Building Rehabilitation). She is a researcher and research project manager, with an active participation in several R&D projects and consultancy for institutions including: NOVA University of Lisbon (Portugal), University of Bath (UK), University of Campinas (UNICAMP, Brazil), Polytechnic Institute of Setúbal (IPS, Portugal), Institute of Welding and Quality (ISQ, Portugal) and more recently, at LJMU. Concurrently, she is taking part in HORIZON 2020 task groups to evaluate EU projects.

Ana develops research work in the field of performance based design with bio-inspiring solutions (laboratory and computational-based) for the selection of the best retrofitting solutions for buildings and structures. She uses probabilistic approaches to increase the effectiveness of sustainable solutions in terms of their service life, and to estimate energy savings and hygrothermal risks.

Some Measures of Esteem:
 2019-present: Member of the NW ICE Fellows Network
 2019: Chair of CA COST Action CA15202 session on ‘Bio-based and polymer based self-healing concrete and mortars’ at Novi Sad, Serbia, March 2019.
2019-present: Evaluator and reviewer of proposals for the French National Research Agency (ANR)
 2018-present: Member of the International Scientific Committee of the International Conference on Bio-based materials (ICBBM)
 2018- present: Member of the RILEM (International Union of Laboratories and Experts in Construction Materials, Systems and Structures). Technical function: Active member of the Technical Committee HDB Hygrothermal behaviour; Durability of Bio-aggregate based building materials;SHE : Self-healing concrete – Its efficiency and evaluation
 2018- present: Active member of the CA COST Action CA15202 - Self-healing As preventive Repair of COncrete Structures.
 2017-present: Associate Editor of the Proceedings of the ICE: Engineering Sustainability journal, published by the Institution of Civil Engineers.
 2015- present: Expert, Evaluator and Reviewer at HORIZON 2020 - Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (https://ec.europa.eu/easme/).
 2013 - present: Member of the Editorial Board of “The Scientific World Journal”, Hindawi Publishing Corporation – speciality of Civil Engineering.
 2013 - present: Regular reviewer of journals (Energy and Buildings (Elsevier); Building and Environment (Elsevier); Construction and Building Materials (Elsevier); Proceedings of ICE - Engineering Sustainability (ICE); Energy Efficiency (Springer).
 2016- present: Member of the European Materials Modeling Council (EMMC) - working groups: Open Simulation Platform Concept and Validation
 2016- present: Contribution to the FPS COST Action FP1303: Performance of Biobased building materials
 2015-2016: Member of the Building Research Establishment (BRE) Centre for Innovative Construction Materials, UK (http://www.bath.ac.uk/ace/research/cicm)
 2015-2016: Member of the GW4 community - an alliance of Bath, Bristol, Cardiff and Exeter Universities.
 2015: Member of the Sustainable Innovation Centre of ISQ
 2013 – 2015: Member of the Executive board of the Research Centre in Construction Science of Coimbra University- CICC, PT (http://www.itecons.uc.pt/projectos/cicc)
 2011 – 2015: Member of the Scientific board of the Research Centre in Construction Science of Coimbra University- CICC, PT (http://www.itecons.uc.pt/projectos/cicc)
 2014 –present: Worked as a member of Ordem dos Engenheiros belonging to the Advisory board of the SouthZEB European project (http://www.southzeb.eu/training/)
 2009 –present: Member of the RILEM (International Union of Laboratories and Experts in Construction Materials, Systems and Structures). Technical function: Member of the TC 222-SCF: Simulation of fresh concrete flow, Chairman: Dr. Nicolas ROUSSEL (http://www.rilem.org/gene/main.php?base=8750&gp_id=236)
 2011 and 2012: Charing and organization of national/regional workshops: 2012: Dissemination of Building Rehabilitation Actions, Polytechnic Institute of Setúbal, Barreiro, Portugal, 11 July; 2011: Conference of Conservation and Rehabilitation, Polytechnic Institute of Setúbal, Barreiro, Portugal, 20 Oct

Publications

Journal article

Mohammed H, Ortoneda-Pedrola M, Nakouti I, Brás A. 2020. Experimental characterisation of non-encapsulated bio-based concrete with self-healing capacity Mohammed H, Ortoneda-Pedrola1 M, Bras A. Construction and Building Materials, 256 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bergh JMVD, Miljević B, Šovljanski O, Vučetić S, Markov S, Ranogajec J, Armada Bras A. 2020. Preliminary approach to bio-based surface healing of structural repair cement mortars Construction and Building Materials, 248 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Riley M, Armada Bras A, Antunes A, Ralegaonkard R, Shaw A, Faria P. 2019. Optimisation of bio-based building materials using image analysis method Construction and Building Materials, 233 :544-553 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Antunes A, Faria P, Silva V, Brás A. 2019. Rice husk-earth based composites: A novel bio-based panel for buildings refurbishment Construction and Building Materials, 221 :99-108 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Gavali HR, Bras A, Faria P, Ralegaonkar RV. 2019. Development of sustainable alkali-activated bricks using industrial wastes Construction and Building Materials, 215 :180-191 DOI

Alves R, Faria P, Brás A. 2019. Brita Lavada – An eco-efficient decorative mortar from Madeira Island Journal of Building Engineering, 24 :100756-100756 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Romano A, Bras A, Grammatikos S, Shaw A, Riley M. 2019. Dynamic behaviour of bio-based and recycled materials for indoor environmental comfort Construction and Building Materials, 211 :730-743 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bras A, Faustino P. 2019. Impact of repairs on embodied carbon dioxide expenditure for a reinforced-concrete quay Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, 172 :87-97 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Romano A, Mohammed H, Torres V, Bras A. 2019. Sustainable bio-based earth mortar with self-healing capacity Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies, 3 DOI

Brás A, Faria P. 2017. Effectiveness of mortars composition on the embodied carbon long-term impact Energy and Buildings, 154 :523-528 DOI Public Url

Armada Brás A. 2017. Embodied carbon minimisation of retrofit solutions for walls Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Engineering Sustainability, 170 :141-156 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

González-Kunz RN, Pineda P, Bras A, Morillas L. 2017. Plant biomass ashes in cement-based building materials. Feasibility as eco-efficient structural mortars and grouts Sustainable Cities and Society, 31 :151-172 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Orr J, Armada Bras A, Ibell T. 2017. Effectiveness of design codes for life cycle energy optimisation Energy and Buildings, 140 :61-67 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Faustino P, Brás A, Gonçalves F, Nunes Â. 2017. Probabilistic service life of RC structures under carbonation Magazine of Concrete Research, 69 :280-291 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

FAUSTINO P, GONÇALVES F, BRÁS A, NUNES Â. 2017. Lifetime Prediction of Reinforced Concrete Structures in Carbonation Environments Carbonation Modelling Vs Air Permeability Modelling Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 23 :283-291 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Brás A, Valença A, Faria P. 2017. Performance-based methods for masonry building rehabilitation using innovative leaching and hygrothermal risk analyses Sustainable Cities and Society, 28 :321-331 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Faustino P, Chastre C, Nunes Â, Brás A. 2016. Lifetime modelling of chloride-induced corrosion in concrete structures with Portland and blended cements Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: maintenance, management, life-cycle design and performance, 12 :1013-1023 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Brás A, Rocha A, Faustino P. 2015. Integrated approach for school buildings rehabilitation in a Portuguese city and analysis of suitable third party financing solutions in EU Journal of Building Engineering, 3 :79-93 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Faustino P, Bras A, Ripper T. 2015. The effect of corrosion inhibitors on the modelling of design lifetime of RC structures MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES, 48 :1303-1319 DOI Author Url

Bras A, Gomes V. 2015. LCA implementation in the selection of thermal enhanced mortars for energetic rehabilitation of school buildings Energy and Buildings, 92 :1-9 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bras A, Goncalves F, Faustino P. 2014. Economic evaluation of the energy consumption and thermal passive performance of Portuguese dwellings ENERGY AND BUILDINGS, 76 :304-315 DOI Author Url

Bras A, Goncalves F, Faustino P. 2014. Cork-based mortars for thermal bridges correction in a dwelling: Thermal performance and cost evaluation Energy and Buildings, 72 :296-308 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Faustino P, Bras A, Ripper T. 2014. Corrosion inhibitors' effect on design service life of RC structures CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS, 53 :360-369 DOI Author Url Public Url

Bras A, Leal M, Faria P. 2013. Cement-cork mortars for thermal bridges correction. Comparison with cement-EPS mortars performance Construction and Building Materials, 49 :315-327 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bras A, Henriques FMA, Cidade MT. 2013. Rheological behaviour of hydraulic lime-based grouts. Shear-time and temperature dependence MECHANICS OF TIME-DEPENDENT MATERIALS, 17 :223-242 DOI Author Url

Bras A, Giao R, Lucio V, Chastre C. 2013. Development of an injectable grout for concrete repair and strengthening CEMENT & CONCRETE COMPOSITES, 37 :185-195 DOI Author Url

Bras A, Henriques FMA. 2012. Natural hydraulic lime based grouts - The selection of grout injection parameters for masonry consolidation CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS, 26 :135-144 DOI Author Url

Bras A, Henriques FMA, Cidade MT. 2010. Effect of environmental temperature and fly ash addition in hydraulic lime grout behaviour CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS, 24 :1511-1517 DOI Author Url

Bras A, Henriques FMA. 2009. The influence of the mixing procedures on the optimization of fresh grout properties MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES, 42 :1423-1432 DOI Author Url

Armada Bras AM, Faustino P. Repair mortars and new concretes with coal bottom and biomass ashes using rheological optimisation International Journal of Environmental Research, Volume 10 :203-216 Publisher Url Public Url

Armada Bras A, Goncalves F, Faustino P. Mortars optimisation for minimisation of thermal bridges: performance and evaluation Construcao Magazine, 68 :20-23 Author Url Publisher Url

Conference publication

Romano A, Bras A, Grammatikos S, Wylie S, Kot P, Shaw A. 2020. On the development of self-controlled bio-based panels for building's thermal management ECCM 2018 - 18th European Conference on Composite Materials,

Armada Bras A. Sustainable bio‐based earth mortar with self‐healing capacity COST CA 15202 Self-healing as preventive repair of concrete structures “SARCOS” PhD Meeting, Publisher Url

Armada Bras A, Antunes A, Faria P. Gypsum and lime stabilised earth-rice husk composite. Construction Materials and Technologies (SCMT 2019) http://www.claisse.info/2019%20papers/Papers%20sorted%20by%20sender's%20surname.htm, Author Url

Romano A, Mohammed H, Torres-de-Sande V, Armada Bras A. Sustainable bio-based earth mortar with self-healing capacity. Construction Materials and Technologies (SCMT 2019) 14-17 July 2019, Kingston University, London Efficient and Sustainable Use of Construction Materials Author Url

Romano A, Armada Bras A, Grammatikos S, Shaw A, Riley M. Bio-fibre earth composite mortar: a structural and hygrothermal assessment. Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies. Construction Materials and Technologies (SCMT 2019) 14-17 July 2019, Kingston University, London Efficient and Sustainable Use of Construction Materials Author Url

Romano A, Armada Bras A, Grammatikos S, Shaw A, Riley M. Bio-based and recycled materials: characterisation and hygrothermal assessment for passive relative humidity management Author Url

Faria P, Antunes A, Silva V, Armada Bras A. ANTUNES R., FARIA P., BRÁS A., SILVA V. (2017), Performance of bio-based insulation panels. Final COST Action FP 1303 International Scientific Conference “Building with bio-based materials: Best practice and performance specification”, V. Zivkoviv, D. Jones (Eds.). Zagreb, Croatia, 6-7 September 2017, p. 58-59. ISBN:978-953-292-051-2 (Extended abstracts)

Armada Bras A. 9. González-Kunz, Rocío; Pineda, Paloma; Morillas, Leandro; Brás, Ana (2017), The use of eco-efficient mortars as structural retrofitting materials. A critical review from a SWOT analysis, III International congress of sustainable construction and eco- efficient solutions, Sevilla, 2017

Armada Bras A. Pires A, Brás A (2015), Recomendações para a Reabilitação do Convento de Madre de Deus da Verderena – Caso de Estudo– PATORREB 2015, University of Porto

Armada Bras A. Rocha A, Brás A (2015), Reabilitação Energética de um Edifício Escolar, 5.ª Conferência sobre patologia e reabilitação de edifícios – PATORREB 2015, University of Porto

Armada Bras A. Gonçalves F, Brás A, Faustino P, (2015), Argamassas para correcções de pontes térmicas- performance térmica e avaliação de custos– PATORREB 2015, University of Porto Author Url

Armada Bras A. Brás A. (2014), Innovation Process: Development, production and application of eco-efficient materials, in Symposium Management of Sport Tourism: The Architecture in the service of surf sports, XV Congresso Nacional de Gestão do Desporto, APOGESD

Armada Bras A. Brás A. (2013), Reabilitação Térmica de Edifícios – Correcção de pontes térmicas com argamassas com granulado de cortiça, palestra proferida no âmbito ENCONTROS COM ENERGIA – Soluções para a melhoria do conforto térmico das edificações, S.energia - Agência Regional de Energia, 15-19

Armada Bras A. Reabilitação Energética – Objetivo: Redução dos Custos com a Manutenção dos Edifícios, palestra proferida no ãmbito da apresentação do Programa Municipal de Reabilitação Urbana – Moita 2025, Câmara Municipal da Moita, 22-27 (in Portuguese)

Armada Bras A. Brás A. (2013), Social housing rehabilitation in Barreiro - Best Practices for Effecting the Rehabilitation, Active Citizenship in HEI’s, 44-51,IPS

Armada Bras A. Brás A. (2013), Reabilitação da habitação social no Barreiro – Boas Práticas para efectuar a Reabilitação, 1.º Seminário internacional sobre regeneração urbana, Universidade Lusíada de Lisboa , 73-77 (in Portuguese

Armada Bras A. Brás A. (2012), Os novos desafios do mercado da reabilitação - o papel da ESTBarreiro, palestra proferida no âmbito da Cerimónia de divulgação de acções promotoras de requalificação do edificado, IPS (in Portuguese)

Armada Bras A. Carla A. Marchão, Sandra B. Nunes, Válter G. Lúcio, Ana A. Bras and Joaquim A. Figueiras (2012), Development and application of a high performance fibre reiforced self-compacting concrete in post-tensioning anchorage zones - BEFIB2012 – Fibre reinforced concrete, Universidade do Minho, Guimarães (September 2012)

Armada Bras A. R. Gião, V. Lúcio, C. Chastre, A. Brás, UFRG - Unidirectional fibre reinforced grout as strengthening material for reinforced concrete structures, 8th RILEM International Symposium on Fiber Reinforced Concrete: challenges and opportunities (BEFIB 2012), Editor(s): Joaquim A.O. Barros, Print ISBN: 978-2-35158-132-2

Armada Bras A. Brás A, Leal M, Faria P, Argamassas com comportamento térmico melhorado com materiais sustentáveis, 2ª Conferência Construção e Reabilitação Sustentável de Edifícios no Espaço Lusófono, Almada, 2012

Armada Bras A. A. Bras, F. Henriques, M.T. Cidade (2011) The use of rheology in building materials development IBEREO2011 Meeting – Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, September 2011

Armada Bras A. Bras A, Henriques F, Cidade M.T. (2010) Optimized methodology of grouts for masonry injection. Proceedings of the IBEREO 2011 Conference, 189-192, Lisbon, Portugal, September 2011

Armada Bras A. Bras A, Henriques F (2010) Optimized methodology of grouts for masonry injection. Proceedings of the 8th International Masonry Conference, 1831-1840, Dresden, Germany, July 2010

Armada Bras A. Bras A, Henriques F (2009) Grout mix optimization for injection purpose -1st part of the development. RILEM-Symposium on Rheology of Cement Suspensions - 3rd RILEM International Symposium on Rheology of Cement Suspensions such as Fresh Concrete, 229-232 Reykjavik, Iceland, 19th - 21st of August, 2009

Armada Bras A. Bras A, Henriques F (2008) Consolidation by grout injection technique- analysis of fresh grout properties. Proceedings of the 8th International Seminar on Structural Masonry, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, 79-87 November 2008.

Armada Bras A. Bras A, Henriques F (2008) Influência das propriedades de caldas no estado fresco na sua concepção para efeitos de injecção em alvenarias antigas. Proceedings of the 4th CINPAR - International conference on Structural Defects and Repair, 39-48 Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal, July 2008

Chapters

Faria P, Bras A. 2017. Energy Efficiency. Performance of Bio-based Building Materials Woodhead Publishing 9780081009925

Armada Bras A. 2014. Simulation of Fresh Concrete Flow. State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM, Technical Committee 222-SCF Simulation of Fresh Concrete Flow State-of-the Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 222-SCF Springer Science & Business Media 9789401788847

Armada Bras A, Faria P. Energy Efficiency, Performance of bio based building materials Performance of Bio-based Building Materials 1st Edition ELSEVIER. ELSEVIER Author Url

Marchao C, Nunes S, Lucio V, Armada Bras A, Figueiras J. Development and application of a high performance fiber reinforced self-compacting concrete in post-tensioning anchorage zones 8th RILEM International Symposium on Fiber Reinforced Concrete: challenges and opportunities (BEFIB 2012) BEFIB 2012

Gião R, Lúcio V, Chastre C, Armada Bras A. UFRG - Unidirectional fibre reinforced grout as strengthening material for reinforced concrete structures 8th RILEM International Symposium on Fiber Reinforced Concrete: challenges and opportunities (BEFIB 2012)

Armada Bras A, Henriques F. Optimized methodology of grouts for masonry injection. Proceedings of the 8th International Masonry Conference ) Optimized methodology of grouts for masonry injection. Proceedings of the 8th International Masonry Conference, 1831-1840, Dresden, Germany, July 2010.(http://www.masonry.org.uk/index.php/masonry/publications/proceedings_of_conferences/papers_from_all_published_conference_proceedings/proceedings_11/volume_3_j_233_optimized_methodology_of_grouts_for_masonry_injection)

Armada Bras A, Henriques F. Consolidation by grout injection technique- analysis of fresh grout properties. Proceedings of the 8th International Seminar on Structural Masonry, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, 79-87 November 2008. Consolidation by grout injection technique- analysis of fresh grout properties. Proceedings of the 8th International Seminar on Structural Masonry, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, 79-87 November 2008.

Book

Faria P, Armada Bras A. Building Physics, Performance of bio based building materials. Chapter 6.2. ELSEVIER Publisher Url

Patent

Armada Bras A, Goncalves F, Faustino P. ThermLowCarb - thermal enhanced mortar with low embodied energy and carbon (PAT 107173) (Portugal) (granted)

Armada Bras A, Faustino P. Pre-mixed Repair mortar prepared from steel slag industrial residues (PAT 107171) (pending) (Portugal)

Armada Bras A, Faustino P. Ready mix concrete prepared from coal bottom ash industrial residues (PAT 107170) (pending) (Portugal)

Engagement & Impact

Research Grants Awarded:

European Project EU Interreg Atlantic Area, EMPORIA4KT: Innovative Technology and Knowledge Transfer for Blue Economics, Prof. Zaili Yang (PI), Dr. Zhuohua Qu, Dr. Chia-Hsun Chang, Dr. Christos Kontovas and Prof. Jin Wang., Grant value (£): 2100000.

European Project H2020-MSCA-RISE, PRIGeoC - Partnership for Research In Geopolymer Concretes, Prof Jin Wang (PI), Dr Tammas-Williams, Grant value (£): 431250.

FCT-Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology, INDEEd -INDoor Eco Efficient- Indoor air quality regulation through the usage of eco-efficient mortars- (SAICT-POL/23349/2016), Grant value (£): 149.939,65.

Global Challenge Research Fund, A self-healing house - restoring power and safety to thousands of households in India, Prof Andy Shaw, Prof Mike Riley, Grant value (£): 13500.

Global Challenge Research Fund, Development of blended bioconcrete for prefab housing system for India whilst solving waste problems, Prof. Andy Shaw, Prof. Mike Riley, Grant value (£): 13000.

Global Challenge Research Fund, The Development of a sustainable and resilience analysis framework for housing and community design in Sri Lanka, Prof Ross, Dr Fearon, Prof Cotgrave, Grant value (£): 6000.

HEIF, Connecting Innovation for Clean Growth, Paul Dickson (PI), Grant value (£): 750000.

ICE R&D Enabling Fund, Corrosion biokiln – Corrosion resistant bio-concrete with blended ashes whilst solving waste problems of UK biomass plants, Grant value (£): 36700.

Liverpool John Moores University - pump priming award, Durable biofilms with non-encapsulated bacterial cells using iron flocculants, Dr Nakouti, Prof Shaw, Grant value (£): 5000.

Liverpool John Moores University - pump priming award, Optimisation of bio-based materials using real-time monitoring of the Moisture Buffering behaviour, Dr Kot, Prof Shaw, Grant value (£): 5000.

Liverpool John Moores University - pump priming, Feasibility of using electromagnetic waves to measure density for multi-layered asphalt pavement in real-time, Dr Sadique (PI), Dr Kot, Prof Shaw, Grant value (£): 5000.

Liverpool John Moores University- Pump priming award funded by LJMU 2019-20, BioLevee - improve the slope stability of earthen levees by strengthening the soil using biologically-inspired techniques, Dr Carnacina, Grant value (£): 5000.

Liverpool John Moores University- Strategic and regional panel, Energy Performance Assessment with Non-destructive technique using the exemplar houses, Dr Kot, Prof Shaw, Grant value (£): 9500.

LJMU HEIF 2018 (KE&I Project), BIOCRETE- Self-healing bio-concrete with protection of reinforcement against corrosion, Prof. Shaw, Dr Sadique, Dr Atherton, Dr Kot, Dr Pedrola, Grant value (£): 20000.

Mobility ERASMUS, Mobility for the LJMU-NOVA joint workshop on bio-based materials 2018/19, Grant value (£): 1385.

Mobility ERASMUS, Mobility for two LJMU-NOVA joint workshop on bio-based materials (2017/18 and 2018/19), Grant value (£): 1115.

Portuguese research funding agency – FCT, Risk assessment of building retrofit solutions, Dr Faria, Grant value (£): 54000.

QREN-Co-promotion R&D Project, SW4E – SmartWater4Energy, ISQ (PI), Grant value (£): 216737.

Royal Society, FILMCRETE - A self-healing concrete to increase structures durability, Grant value (£): 20000.

Santander Totta Bank/IPS fund, Development of building energetic rehabilitation solutions using LCA- optimization of passive solutions with improved thermal behaviour, Grant value (£): 5000.

Seville University, Protocol Selection of Eco-Efficient Mortars for Seismic Retrofitting of Masonry Structures -PhD competitive awarded fund, Kunz, Dr Pineda, Grant value (£): 0.

Short Term Scientific Mission (STSM) awarded by COST CA15202, 'Self-sensing self-healing concrete’, Dr Tavares, Grant value (£): 2000.