Liverpool Skylilne

Natural Sciences and Psychology

Dr Emily Bethell

Dr Emily Bethell

Telephone: 0151 231 2488

Biography

My research focus is primate social cognition and behaviour: what monkeys and apes can tell us about human evolution, and the implications of similarities and differences in cognitive processes for understanding and improving psychological wellbeing of primates in captivity.

I am also interested in developing new methods to assess emotion across animal species.

Degrees

2009, Roehampton University, United Kingdom, PhD

Publications

Highlighted publications

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2016. Emotion Evaluation and Response Slowing in a Non-Human Primate: New Directions for Cognitive Bias Measures of Animal Emotion? Behavioral sciences (Basel, Switzerland), 6

Bethell EJ. 2015. A "How-To" Guide for Designing Judgment Bias Studies to Assess Captive Animal Welfare JOURNAL OF APPLIED ANIMAL WELFARE SCIENCE, 18 :S18-S42 >DOI >Link

Bethell EJ, Koyama NF. 2015. Happy hamsters? Enrichment induces positive judgement bias for mildly (but not truly) ambiguous cues to reward and punishment in Mesocricetus auratus ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, 2 >DOI >Link

Prescott M, Bethell EJ, Kemp C. 2015. NC3Rs Macaque website >Link

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2012. Cognitive bias in a non-human primate: Husbandry procedures influence cognitive indicators of psychological well-being in captive rhesus macaques Animal Welfare, 21 :185-195 >DOI

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, Maclarnon A, Semple S. 2012. Evidence that emotion mediates social attention in rhesus macaques. PLoS One, 7 :e44387 >DOI >Link

Other

Kemp C, Thatcher H, Farningham D, Witham C, MacLarnon A, Holmes A, Semple S, Bethell EJ. 2017. A protocol for training group-housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) to cooperate with husbandry and research procedures using positive reinforcement APPLIED ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR SCIENCE, 197 :90-100 >DOI >Link

Cronin KA, Bethell EJ, Jacobson SL, Ross SR, Egelkamp C, Hopper LM. Response Slowing on a simple touchscreen task as an indicator of primate welfare: a study of zoo-housed Japanese macaques Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science,

Bethell EJ. Color Red >DOI

Journal Articles

Lyons MT, Brewer G, Bethell EJ. 2017. Sex-Specific Effect of Recalled Parenting on Affective and Cognitive Empathy in Adulthood CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY, 36 :236-241 >DOI >Link

Bethell EJ. 2016. "How-To" Guide for Designing Judgment Bias Studies to Assess Captive Animal Welfare (vol 18, pg S18, 2015) JOURNAL OF APPLIED ANIMAL WELFARE SCIENCE, 19 :99-99 >Link

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2016. Emotion Evaluation and Response Slowing in a Non-Human Primate: New Directions for Cognitive Bias Measures of Animal Emotion? Behavioral sciences (Basel, Switzerland), 6

Bethell E, Kemp C, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2015. Quantitative Approaches to the Study of Emotions in Non-Human Primates: Lessons from Human Cognitive Neuroscience FOLIA PRIMATOLOGICA, 86 :247-247 >Link

Bethell EJ. 2015. A "How-To" Guide for Designing Judgment Bias Studies to Assess Captive Animal Welfare JOURNAL OF APPLIED ANIMAL WELFARE SCIENCE, 18 :S18-S42 >DOI >Link

Bethell EJ, Koyama NF. 2015. Happy hamsters? Enrichment induces positive judgement bias for mildly (but not truly) ambiguous cues to reward and punishment in Mesocricetus auratus ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, 2 >DOI >Link

Jonason PK, Lyons M, Bethell E. 2014. The making of Darth Vader: Parent–child care and the Dark Triad Personality and Individual Differences, 67 :30-34 >DOI

Jonason PK, Lyons M, Bethell EJ, Ross R. 2013. Different routes to limited empathy in the sexes: Examining the links between the Dark Triad and empathy Personality and Individual Differences, 54 :572-576 >DOI

Richards A, Holmes A, Pell P, Bethell EJ. 2013. Adapting effects of emotional expression in anxiety: evidence for an enhanced Late Positive Potential Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 8

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2012. Cognitive bias in a non-human primate: Husbandry procedures influence cognitive indicators of psychological well-being in captive rhesus macaques Animal Welfare, 21 :185-195 >DOI

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, Maclarnon A, Semple S. 2012. Evidence that emotion mediates social attention in rhesus macaques. PLoS One, 7 :e44387 >DOI >Link

Bethell EJ, Semple S, MacLarnon A, Holmes A. 2007. The effect of emotion state on responses to social stimuli by rhesus macaques Primate Eye, 92 :5-6

Bethell EJ, Vick S-J, Bard KA. 2007. Measurement of eye-gaze in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Am J Primatol, 69 :562-575 >DOI >Link

Bethell EJ, Waller BM. 2005. Altruism or cooperation in captive chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes? Folia Primatol (Basel), 76 :242-244 >DOI >Link

Cronin K, Bethell EJ. Response Slowing on a simple touchscreen task as an indicator of primate welfare: a study of zoo-housed Japanese macaques Animal Behavior & Cognition,

Conference Publication (journal proceedings)

Bethell EJ. 2016. Comparative Cognition and Animal Welfare Science: attention bias methods for assessing animal psychological wellbeing INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 51 :575-575 >Link

Folashade O, Llorente M, Bethell EJ. 2016. The effect of cognitive enrichment on the welfare of sanctuary-housed chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Folia Primatologica, 5th Iberian Primatological Conference 87 :148-148

Mandalaywala TM, Bethell EJ, Parker KJ, Maestripieri D. 2015. Negativity bias in free-ranging infant rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) on Cayo Santiago, Puerto Rico American Journal of Primatology, 36th Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Primatologists 75 :43-43

Kemp C, Bethell EJ. Measuring psychological well-being in captive rhesus macaques: attention bias http://behaviour-2015.m.asnevents.com.au/schedule/session/6854/abstract/24936, Behaviour >Link

Cronin K, Bethell EJ, Jacobson S, Ross SR. Response Slowing on a simple touchscreen task as an indicator of primate welfare: a study of zoo-housed Japanese macaques American Society of Primatologists

Arbuckle K, Nichols H, Wich S, Bethell EJ. LJMU R workshop 2015 R workshop

Chapters

Bethell EJ. 2016. Color Red Shackelford TK, Weekes-Shackelfrod VA. Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science :1-3 978-3-319-16999-6 >DOI

Posters

Bethell EJ, Prescott MJ. 2016. The Macaque website: a NC3Rs resource for those working with captive macaques Primate Society of Great Britain spring conference

Bethell EJ. 2015. Attention bias: a novel method to assess ‘psychological wellbeing’ in group-housed macaques NC3Rs Primate Welfare Meeting

Internet Publications

Prescott M, Bethell EJ, Kemp C. 2015. NC3Rs Macaque website >Link

Books

Bethell E, Milsom C. 2014. Posters and Presentations Palgrave Macmillan 9781137357083

Williams K, Bethell EJ, Lawton J, Parfitt-Brown C, Richardson M, Rowe V. 2011. Completing your PhD Palgrave MacMillan 978-0230292819

Williams K, Bethell E, Lawton J, Parfitt C, Richardson M, Rowe V. 2010. Planning Your PhD Palgrave MacMillan 9780230251939

Engagement & Impact

Highlighted activities

Conference organisation:

Conference name: Primate Society of Great Britain 50th anniversary conference, Position: Chair of Organising Committee

Research Grants Awarded:

NC3Rs Pilot Grant Proposal Scheme, Attention Bias: A novel method to assess psychological wellbeing in group-housed non-human primates, Dr Stuart Semple, Dr Amanda Holmes, Professor Ann MacLarnon, Grant value (£): 75000, Duration of research project: 1 year

Professional activities

Award:

Award title: Best Teaching Team, Awarding body: LJMU Student Union

Award title: Honourable mention in student competition for best talk, Awarding body: Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour

Award title: Best Student Presentation, Awarding body: Primate Society of Great Britain

Conference organisation:

Conference name: European Conference for Behavioural Biology, Position: Organising Committee, URL: https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/conferences/ecbb

Conference name: Primate Society of Great Britain spring conference 2016, Position: Scientific Meetings Coordinator for the PSGB, URL: http://www.psgb.org/

Conference name: Primate Society of Great Britain 50th anniversary conference, Position: Chair of Organising Committee

Conference presentation:

Title of presentation: Invited: Attention bias a cross species comparison, Conference title: Experimental Psychology Society, Place/location of conference: Newcastle, Presentation type: Oral presentation

Title of presentation: Attention bias: developing a methods to asses wellbeing in macaque breeding facilities, Conference title: NC3RS Primate Welfare workshop, Place/location of conference: London, Presentation type: Oral presentation

Title of presentation: Measuring psychological well-being in captive rhesus macaques: attention bias, Conference title: Behaviour, Place/location of conference: Australia, Presentation type: Oral presentation

Title of presentation: Effects of a habituation regime on attention bias for veterinary stimuli in macaques, Conference title: Primate Society of Great Britain spring conference, Place/location of conference: Roehampton, London, Presentation type: Poster presentation

Title of presentation: What is neutral? Attention bias for facial expressions in macaques, Conference title: Primate Society of Great Britain spring conference, Place/location of conference: Roehampton, London, Presentation type: Poster presentation

Title of presentation: Invited speaker: 3Rs in primate research, Conference title: LJMU Postgraduate Research Day, Place/location of conference: LJMU, Presentation type: Oral presentation

Title of presentation: Introduction to the Liverpool League of Animal Behaviour Scientists, Conference title: LivLABS, Place/location of conference: Liverpool, Presentation type: Oral presentation

Title of presentation: Cognitive bias - methods for measuring emotion in zoo animals, Conference title: European Federation for Primatology, Place/location of conference: Rome, Italy, Presentation type: Oral presentation

Title of presentation: Invited: Measuring animal emotions, Conference title: International congress for Psychology, Place/location of conference: Japan, Presentation type: Oral presentation

Editorial boards:

Publication: Frontiers in Psychology, Position: Review Editor in Comparative Psychology, URL: http://journal.frontiersin.org/journal/psychology#editorial-board

External committees:

Committee name: Meetings Coordinator, Organisation: PSGB

Committee name: 50th anniversary conference organising committee, Organisation: Primate Society of Great Britain, Position: Chair of Organising Committee

Committee name: Captive Care Working Party, Organisation: Primate Society of Great Britain, Position: member, URL: http://www.psgb.org/

Fellowships:

Fellowship title: LJMU ECR Fellowship, Organisation: Liverpool John Moores University

Media Coverage:

Links #1: http://news.discovery.com/animals/how-to-tell-if-a-hamster-is-truly-happy-150727.htm, Media coverage: Discovery Magazine

Links #1: http://how-to-tell-if-a-hamster-is-truly-happy-150727.htm/, Media coverage: Daily Mail

Links #1: http://news.sciencemag.org/biology/2015/07/how-tell-if-your-hamster-happy, Links #3: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3178093/Happiness-swing-hammock-hamster-Rodents-need-scamper-play-swing-boost-mood.html, Media coverage: Media coverage of Royal Soc paper 2015 in Science, Discovery, Daily Mail

Links #2: http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2015/07/28/hamster-mood-angry-study/30803989/, Links #1: http://metro.co.uk/2015/07/29/hamsters-are-more-optimistic-when-theyve-got-a-hammock-study-finds-5317078/, Links #3: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/how-to-tell-if-your-hamster-is-happy_55b91079e4b0074ba5a7247f, Media coverage: Media coverage of Royal Society paper 2015: Metro, USA Today, Huffington Post

Links #2: http://naked_scientists_popup_player.html/, Links #1: http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/science/article4511221.ece, Links #3: http://www.liverpoolecho.co.uk/news/liverpool-news/happiness-hamster-hammock-according-liverpool-9741072, Media coverage: Media/radio coverage of Royal Society paper 2015 the Times, BBC Radio, Liverpool Echo

Membership of professional bodies:

Member, Association for Psychological Science

Member, Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour

Member, Universities Federation of Animal Welfare

Member, Primate Society of Great Britain

Other invited event:

Title of event: Experimental Psychology Society, Location: Newcastle University, Description: Invited speaker

Title of event: Psychology Research Seminar, Location: Stirlin University, Description: Invited speaker

Title of event: Zoo Animal Welfare Symposium, Location: Detroit Zoological Society, Detroit, USA, Description: Invited speaker

Title of event: Invited symposium speaker: European Federation of Primatology 2015, Location: Rome, Description: Invited speaker

Title of event: University of Stirling Psychology Seminar Series, Location: University of Stirling, Description: Invited seminar speaker - psychology Department, Stirling

Title of event: NC3Rs Primate Welfare meeting, Location: London, UK, Description: Invited paper presented

Title of event: University College London Anthropology seminar series, Location: UCL, London, Description: Invited paper presented

Title of event: Birkbeck College Seminar Series, Location: Birkbeck College, London, Description: Invited paper

Research Grants Awarded:

EU-COST, Short Term Scientific Mission, Grant value (£): 2000, Duration of research project: 3 months

NC3Rs Pilot Grant Proposal Scheme, Attention Bias: A novel method to assess psychological wellbeing in group-housed non-human primates, Dr Stuart Semple, Dr Amanda Holmes, Professor Ann MacLarnon, Grant value (£): 75000, Duration of research project: 1 year