Liverpool Skylilne

Natural Sciences and Psychology

Dr Emily Bethell

Dr Emily Bethell

Telephone: 0151 231 2488

Biography

My research focus is primate social cognition and behaviour: what monkeys and apes can tell us about human evolution, and the implications of similarities and differences in cognitive processes for understanding and improving psychological wellbeing of primates in captivity.

I am also interested in developing new methods to assess emotion across animal species.

Degrees

2009, Roehampton University, United Kingdom, PhD

Publications

Highlighted publications

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2016. Emotion evaluation and response slowing in a non-human primate: New directions for cognitive bias measures of animal welfare Behavioral Sciences, 6 >DOI

Bethell EJ. 2015. A “How-To” Guide for Designing Judgment Bias Studies to Assess Captive Animal Welfare Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, S18 :18-42 >DOI

Bethell EJ, Koyama NF. 2015. Happy hamsters? Enrichment induces positive judgement bias for mildly (but not truly) ambiguous cues to reward and punishment in Mesocricetus auratus Royal Society Open Science, 2 >DOI >Link

Prescott M, Bethell EJ, Kemp C. 2015. NC3Rs Macaque website >Link

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2012. Cognitive bias in a non-human primate: Husbandry procedures influence cognitive indicators of psychological well-being in captive rhesus macaques Animal Welfare, 21 :185-195 >DOI

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, Maclarnon A, Semple S. 2012. Evidence that emotion mediates social attention in rhesus macaques. PLoS One, 7 :e44387 >DOI >Link

Journal article

Cronin K, Bethell EJ, Jacobson S, Egelkamp C, Hopper L, Ross S. 2018. Evaluating Mood Changes in Response to Anthropogenic Noise with a Response-Slowing Task in Three Species of Zoo-housed Primates Animal Behaviour and Cognition, 5

Kemp C, Thatcher H, Farningham D, Witham C, MacLarnon A, Holmes A, Semple S, Bethell EJ. 2017. A protocol for training group-housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) to cooperate with husbandry and research procedures using positive reinforcement Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 197 :90-100 >DOI

Lyons MT, Brewer G, Bethell EJ. 2017. Sex-Specific Effect of Recalled Parenting on Affective and Cognitive Empathy in Adulthood Current Psychology, 36 >DOI

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2016. Emotion evaluation and response slowing in a non-human primate: New directions for cognitive bias measures of animal welfare Behavioral Sciences, 6 >DOI

Bethell EJ. 2015. A “How-To” Guide for Designing Judgment Bias Studies to Assess Captive Animal Welfare Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, S18 :18-42 >DOI

Bethell EJ, Koyama NF. 2015. Happy hamsters? Enrichment induces positive judgement bias for mildly (but not truly) ambiguous cues to reward and punishment in Mesocricetus auratus Royal Society Open Science, 2 >DOI >Link

Jonason PK, Lyons M, Bethell EJ. 2014. The making of Darth Vader: Parent–child care and the Dark Triad Personality and Individual Differences, 67 :30-34 >DOI >Link

Richards A, Holmes A, Pell P, Bethell EJ. 2013. Adapting effects of emotional expression in anxiety: Evidence for an enhanced Late Positive Potential Social Neuroscience, 8 :650-664 >DOI

Jonason PK, Lyons M, Bethell EJ, Ross R. 2013. Different routes to limited empathy in the sexes: Examining the links between the Dark Triad and empathy Personality and Individual Differences, 54 :572-576 >DOI

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2012. Cognitive bias in a non-human primate: Husbandry procedures influence cognitive indicators of psychological well-being in captive rhesus macaques Animal Welfare, 21 :185-195 >DOI

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, Maclarnon A, Semple S. 2012. Evidence that emotion mediates social attention in rhesus macaques. PLoS One, 7 :e44387 >DOI >Link

Bethell EJ, Semple S, MacLarnon A, Holmes A. 2007. The effect of emotion state on responses to social stimuli by rhesus macaques Primate Eye, 92 :5-6

Bethell EJ, Vick S-J, Bard KA. 2007. Measurement of eye-gaze in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) American Journal of Primatology, 69 :562-575 >DOI >Link

Bethell EJ, Waller BM. 2005. Altruism or cooperation in captive chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes? Folia Primatologica, 76 :242-244 >DOI >Link

Bethell EJ, Whiten A, Muhumuza G, Kakura J. 2000. Active plant food division and sharing by wild chimpanzees Primate Report, 56 :67-71

Editorial/letter to the editor

Bethell EJ. 2018. Celebrating 50 years of the Primate Society of Great Britain Evolutionary Anthropology, 27

Conference publication

Howarth E, Engelhardt A, Wilding C, Bethell EJ. 2017. Attention Bias: A New Tool for Welfare Assessment in Captive Rhesus Primate Eye, Primate Society of Great Britain 50th Anniversary 123 :46-46

Curran R, Crump A, Engelhardt A, Bethell EJ. 2017. Developing Attention Bias Tasks as a Welfare Indicator for Sulawesi Crested Macaques Primate Eye, Primate Society of Great Britain 50th Anniversary 123 :40-40

Bethell EJ, Prescott M. 2016. The Macaque Website PrimateEye, Primate Society of Great Britain Spring Conference 199 :30-30

Bethell EJ. 2016. Comparative Cognition and Animal Welfare Science: attention bias methods for assessing animal psychological wellbeing INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 51 :575-575 >Link

Folashade O, Llorente M, Bethell EJ. 2016. The effect of cognitive enrichment on the welfare of sanctuary-housed chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Folia Primatologica, 5th Iberian Primatological Conference 87 :148-148

Kemp C, Bethell EJ, MacLarnon A, Holmes A, Semple S. 2015. Attention Bias: a novel method to assess psychological wellbeing in group housed primates Primate Eye, PSGB Spring Meeting 2015 116 :18-18

Bethell E, Kemp C, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2015. Quantitative Approaches to the Study of Emotions in Non-Human Primates: Lessons from Human Cognitive Neuroscience FOLIA PRIMATOLOGICA, 86 :247-247 >Link

Mandalaywala TM, Bethell EJ, Parker KJ, Maestripieri D. 2015. Negativity bias in free-ranging infant rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) on Cayo Santiago, Puerto Rico American Journal of Primatology, 36th Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Primatologists 75 :43-43

Arbuckle K, Nichols H, Wich S, Bethell EJ. 2015. LJMU R workshop 2015 R workshop

Richards A, Holmes A, Pell P, Bethell EJ. 2013. Adapting effects of emotional expression in anxiety: evidence for an enhanced Late Positive Potential Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 8

Kemp C, Bethell EJ. Attending to Affective State: Attention Bias as a Measure of Psychological Welfare in Rhesus Macaques International Society for Applied Ethology

Kemp C, Bethell EJ. Measuring psychological well-being in captive rhesus macaques: attention bias http://behaviour-2015.m.asnevents.com.au/schedule/session/6854/abstract/24936, Behaviour >Link

Cronin K, Bethell EJ, Jacobson S, Ross SR. Response Slowing on a simple touchscreen task as an indicator of primate welfare: a study of zoo-housed Japanese macaques American Society of Primatologists

Other

Bethell EJ. 2016. A “How-To” Guide for Designing Judgment Bias Studies to Assess Captive Animal Welfare (Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 18(Supplement 1), (2015), S18-S42) Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 19 :99 >DOI

Chapters

Bethell EJ. 2016. Color Red Shackelford TK, Weekes-Shackelfrod VA. Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science :1-3 978-3-319-16999-6 >DOI

Poster

Bethell EJ, Prescott MJ. 2016. The Macaque website: a NC3Rs resource for those working with captive macaques Primate Society of Great Britain spring conference

Bethell EJ. 2015. Attention bias: a novel method to assess ‘psychological wellbeing’ in group-housed macaques NC3Rs Primate Welfare Meeting

Internet publication

Prescott M, Bethell EJ, Kemp C. 2015. NC3Rs Macaque website >Link

Book

Bethell E, Milsom C. 2014. Posters and Presentations :1-144 Palgrave Macmillan. London 9781137357083

Williams K, Bethell EJ, Lawton J, Parfitt-Brown C, Richardson M, Rowe V. 2011. Completing your PhD Palgrave MacMillan. London 978-0230292819

Williams K, Bethell E, Lawton J, Parfitt C, Richardson M, Rowe V. 2010. Planning Your PhD Palgrave MacMillan 9780230251939

Engagement & Impact

Highlighted activities

Conference organisation:

Primate Society of Great Britain 50th anniversary conference, Chair of Organising Committee

Research Grants Awarded:

NC3Rs Pilot Grant Proposal Scheme, Attention Bias: A novel method to assess psychological wellbeing in group-housed non-human primates, Dr Stuart Semple, Dr Amanda Holmes, Professor Ann MacLarnon, Grant value (£): 75000, Duration of research project: 1 year

Professional activities

Conference presentation:

Invited Seminar Seker, Gottingen University Seminar Series, DPZ, Gottingen, Germany, Oral presentation 19/04/2018

Invited Seminar Speaker, Queens Belfast Seminar, Queens Belfast, Oral presentation 07/03/2018

Invited Semina Speaker, Imperial College Seminar, Imperial College. Silwood Campus, London, Oral presentation 27/11/2017

Invited Keynote, Venus International, India, Oral presentation 16/10/2017

Invited: Measuring animal emotions, International congress for Psychology, Japan, Oral presentation 24/07/2016

Invited speaker: 3Rs in primate research, LJMU Postgraduate Research Day, LJMU, Oral presentation 20/06/2016

Introduction to the Liverpool League of Animal Behaviour Scientists, LivLABS, Liverpool, Oral presentation 22/03/2016

Cognitive bias - methods for measuring emotion in zoo animals, European Federation for Primatology, Rome, Italy, Oral presentation 26/08/2015

Measuring psychological well-being in captive rhesus macaques: attention bias, Behaviour, Australia, Oral presentation 20/07/2015

Effects of a habituation regime on attention bias for veterinary stimuli in macaques, Primate Society of Great Britain spring conference, Roehampton, London, Poster presentation 26/03/2015

What is neutral? Attention bias for facial expressions in macaques, Primate Society of Great Britain spring conference, Roehampton, London, Poster presentation 26/03/2015

Invited: Attention bias a cross species comparison, Experimental Psychology Society, Newcastle, Oral presentation 16/07/2014

Attention bias: developing a methods to asses wellbeing in macaque breeding facilities, NC3RS Primate Welfare workshop, London, Oral presentation 15/04/2014

Award:

Best Teaching Team, LJMU Student Union

Honourable mention in student competition for best talk, Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour

Best Student Presentation, Primate Society of Great Britain

Conference organisation:

PSGB Spring meeting 2018, PSGB Meetings Organiser

Primate Society of Great Britain Spring Conference 2017, PSGB Meetings Organiser

European Conference for Behavioural Biology, Organising Committee, https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/conferences/ecbb

Primate Society of Great Britain spring conference 2016, Scientific Meetings Coordinator for the PSGB, http://www.psgb.org/

Primate Society of Great Britain 50th anniversary conference, Chair of Organising Committee

Editorial boards:

Frontiers in Psychology, Review Editor in Comparative Psychology, http://journal.frontiersin.org/journal/psychology#editorial-board

External committees:

Meetings Coordinator, PSGB

50th anniversary conference organising committee, Primate Society of Great Britain, Chair of Organising Committee

Captive Care Working Party, Primate Society of Great Britain, member, http://www.psgb.org/

External PGR examinations performed:

University of Newcastle, MPhil, Assessing the 3Rs value of automated positive reinforcement training for laboratory non-human primates

University of Melbourne, Australia, PhD, Attention bias in fish

Fellowships:

LJMU ECR Fellowship, Liverpool John Moores University

Media Coverage:

http://news.discovery.com/animals/how-to-tell-if-a-hamster-is-truly-happy-150727.htm, Discovery Magazine

http://how-to-tell-if-a-hamster-is-truly-happy-150727.htm/, Daily Mail

http://news.sciencemag.org/biology/2015/07/how-tell-if-your-hamster-happy, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3178093/Happiness-swing-hammock-hamster-Rodents-need-scamper-play-swing-boost-mood.html, Media coverage of Royal Soc paper 2015 in Science, Discovery, Daily Mail

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2015/07/28/hamster-mood-angry-study/30803989/, http://metro.co.uk/2015/07/29/hamsters-are-more-optimistic-when-theyve-got-a-hammock-study-finds-5317078/, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/how-to-tell-if-your-hamster-is-happy_55b91079e4b0074ba5a7247f, Media coverage of Royal Society paper 2015: Metro, USA Today, Huffington Post

http://naked_scientists_popup_player.html/, http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/science/article4511221.ece, http://www.liverpoolecho.co.uk/news/liverpool-news/happiness-hamster-hammock-according-liverpool-9741072, Media/radio coverage of Royal Society paper 2015 the Times, BBC Radio, Liverpool Echo

Membership of professional bodies:

Member, Association for Psychological Science

Member, Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour

Member, Universities Federation of Animal Welfare

Member, Primate Society of Great Britain

Other invited event:

Experimental Psychology Society, Newcastle University, Invited speaker

Psychology Research Seminar, Stirlin University, Invited speaker

Zoo Animal Welfare Symposium, Detroit Zoological Society, Detroit, USA, Invited speaker

Invited symposium speaker: European Federation of Primatology 2015, Rome, Invited speaker

University of Stirling Psychology Seminar Series, University of Stirling, Invited seminar speaker - psychology Department, Stirling

NC3Rs Primate Welfare meeting, London, UK, Invited paper presented

University College London Anthropology seminar series, UCL, London, Invited paper presented

Birkbeck College Seminar Series, Birkbeck College, London, Invited paper

Research Grants Awarded:

EU-COST, Short Term Scientific Mission, Grant value (£): 2000, Duration of research project: 3 months

NC3Rs Pilot Grant Proposal Scheme, Attention Bias: A novel method to assess psychological wellbeing in group-housed non-human primates, Dr Stuart Semple, Dr Amanda Holmes, Professor Ann MacLarnon, Grant value (£): 75000, Duration of research project: 1 year