Liverpool Skylilne

Natural Sciences and Psychology

Dr Fiona Stewart

Dr Fiona Stewart

Telephone: 0151 231 8773

Biography

I am a part-time lecturer in wildlife and primate conservation. My research focuses on primate behavioural ecology and conservation at the Issa research site and the Greater Mahale Ecosystem (GME) in western Tanzania. Please see GMERC website below.

I have particular interests in great ape nest-building behaviour, sleep, and flexibility in sociality - in particular adaptation of chimpanzees to savanna woodland habitat. I also am involved in ongoing monitoring of chimpanzee and other wildlife populations across the GME using traditional line transect, genetic techniques, and other technologies including drones and camera trapping.

Publications

Conference publication

Marchant LF, Piel AK, Stewart FA. 2019. Revisiting the savanna chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) as a referential model for hominin origins: Issa, Tanzania as a case study AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 88th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists (AAPA) 168 :153-153 >Link

Piel AK, Chitayat A, Strampelli P, Stewart FA. 2018. Figs are important, but not fallback foods for chimpanzees in the Issa Valley, Tanzania AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 87th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists (AAPA) 165 :208-208 >Link

Scully EJ, Liu W, Ndjango J-BN, Peeters M, Mjungu DC, Pusey AE, Lonsdorf EV, Sanz CM, Morgan DB, Piel AK, Stewart FA, Gonder MK, Simmons N, Asiimwe C, Zuberbhler K, Koops K, Chapman CA, Duraisingh MT, Hahn BH, Wrangham RW. 2017. VARIATION IN AMBIENT TEMPERATURE DRIVES THE SEASONALITY OF MALARIA PARASITISM IN WILD CHIMPANZEE RESERVOIRS ACROSS EQUATORIAL AFRICA AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE, 66th Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Tropical-Medicine-and-Hygiene (ASTMH) 97 :503-503 >Link

Piel AK, Strampelli P, Greathead E, Hernandez-Aguilar RA, Moore J, Stewart FA. 2016. The diet of savanna-woodland chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) at Issa, western Tanzania AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 85th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 159 :252-252 >Link

Journal article

Kühl KS, Boesch C, Kulik L, Haas F, Arandjelovic M, Dieguez P, Bocksberger G, Brooke McElreath M, Agbor A, Angedakin A, Ayuk Ayimisin E, Bailey E, Barubiyo D, Bessone M, Brazzola G, Chancellor R, Cohen H, Coupland C, Danquah E, Deschner T, Diotoh O, Dowd D, Dunn A, Ebot Egbe V, Eshuis H, Fernandez R, Ginath Y, Goedmakers A, Granjon AC, Head J, Hedwig D, Hermans V, Imong I, Jeffery KJ, Jones S, Junker J, Kadam P, Kambere M, Kambi M, Kienast I, Kujirakwinja D, Langergraber K, Lapuente J, Larson B, Lee K, Leinert V, Llana M, Maretti G, Marrocoli S, Mbi TJ, Meier AC, Morgan B, Morgan D, Mulindahabi F, Murai M, Neil E, Niyigaba P, Ormsby LJ, Pacheco L, Piel A, Preece J, Regnaut S, Rundus A, Sanz C, van Schijndel J, Sommer V, Stewart F, Tagg N, Vendras E, Vergnes V, Welsh A, Wessling EG, Willie J, Wittig RM, Yurkiw K, Zuberbuehler K, Kalan AK. 2019. Human impact erodes chimpanzee behavioral diversity Science,

Bibollet-Ruche F, Russell RM, Liu W, Stewart-Jones GBE, Sherrill-Mix S, Li Y, Learn GH, Smith AG, Gondim MVP, Plenderleith LJ, Decker JM, Easlick JL, Wetzel KS, Collman RG, Ding S, Finzi A, Ayouba A, Peeters M, Leendertz FH, van Schijndel J, Goedmakers A, Ton E, Boesch C, Kuehl H, Arandjelovic M, Dieguez P, Murai M, Colin C, Koops K, Speede S, Gonder MK, Muller MN, Sanz CM, Morgan DB, Atencia R, Cox D, Piel A, Stewart FA, Ndjango J-BN, Mjungu D, Lonsdorf EV, Pusey AE, Kwong PD, Sharp PM, Shaw GM, Hahn BH. 2019. CD4 receptor diversity in chimpanzees protects against SIV infection Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, >DOI >Public Url

Brožová K, Modrý D, Dadáková E, Mapua MI, Piel AK, Stewart F, Celer V, Hrazdilová K. 2019. PARV4 found in wild chimpanzee faeces - alternate route of transmission? Archives of Virology, 164 :573-578 >DOI >Public Url

McLester E, Sweeney K, Stewart FA, Piel AK. 2018. Leopard (Panthera pardus) predation on a red-tailed monkey (Cercopithecus ascanius) in the Issa Valley, western Tanzania. Primates, >DOI >Link >Public Url

Piel AK, Bonnin N, RamirezAmaya S, Wondra E, Stewart FA. 2018. Chimpanzees and their mammalian sympatriates in the Issa Valley, Tanzania African Journal of Ecology, >DOI

Fruth B, Tagg N, Stewart F. 2018. Sleep and nesting behavior in primates: A review American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 166 :499-509 >DOI >Link >Public Url

Qablan MA, Schulz D, Profousova-Psenkova I, Vallo P, Fuh T, Modry D, Piel AK, Stewart FA, Petrzelkova KJ, Fliegerová K. 2018. Anaerobic fungi (class Neocallimastigomycetes) in the gastrointestinal tract of gorillas: an adaptation to a high-fibrous diet International Journal of Primatology, >DOI >Public Url

Stewart FA, Piel AK, Azkarate JC, Pruetz JD. 2018. Savanna chimpanzees adjust sleeping nest architecture in response to local weather conditions American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 166 :549-562 >DOI >Public Url

Barbian HJ, Connell AJ, Avitto AN, Russell RM, Smith AG, Gundlapally MS, Shazad AL, Li Y, Bibollet-Ruche F, Wroblewski EE, Mjungu D, Lonsdorf EV, Stewart F, Piel AK, Pusey AE, Sharp PM, Hahn BH. 2018. CHIIMP: An automated high-throughput microsatellite genotyping approach reveals greater allelic diversity in wild chimpanzees Ecology and Evolution, 8 :7946-7963 >DOI >Public Url

Chuma IS, Batamuzi EK, Collins DA, Fyumagwa RD, Hallmaier-Wacker LK, Kazwala RR, Keyyu JD, Lejora IA, Lipende IF, Lüert S, Paciência FMD, Piel AK, Stewart FA, Zinner D, Roos C, Knauf S. 2018. Widespread Treponema pallidum Infection in Nonhuman Primates, Tanzania Emerging Infectious Diseases, 24 >DOI >Public Url

Sherrill-Mix S, McCormick K, Lauder A, Bailey A, Zimmerman L, Li Y, Django J-BN, Bertolani P, Colin C, Hart JA, Hart TB, Georgiev AV, Sanz CM, Morgan DB, Atencia R, Cox D, Muller MN, Sommer V, Piel AK, Stewart FA, Speede S, Roman J, Wu G, Taylor J, Bohm R, Rose HM, Carlson J, Mjungu D, Schmidt P, Gaughan C, Bushman JI, Schmidt E, Bittinger K, Collman RG, Hahn BH, Bushman FD. 2018. Allometry and Ecology of the Bilaterian Gut Microbiome. MBio, 9 >DOI >Link >Public Url

Tagg N, McCarthy M, Dieguez P, Bocksberger G, Willie J, Mundry R, Stewart F, Arandjelovic M, Widness J, Landsmann A, Agbor A, Angedakin S, Ayimisin AE, Bessone M, Brazzola G, Corogenes K, Deschner T, Dilambaka E, Eno-Nku M, Eshuis H, Goedmakers A, Granjon AC, Head J, Hermans, V, Jones S, Kadam P, Kambi M, Langergraber K, Lapeyre V, Lapuente J, Lee K, Leinert V, Maretti G, Marrocoli S, Meier A, Nicholl S, Normand E, Ormsby LJ, Piel AK, Robinson O, Sommer V, de Heegde M, Tickle A, Ton E, van Schijndel J, Vanleeuwe H, Vergnes V, Wessling E, Wittig R, Zuberbuehler K, Kuehl H, Boesch C. 2018. Nocturnal activity in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): evidence for flexible sleeping patterns and insights into human evolution Corogenes K. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 166 :510-529 >DOI >Public Url

Stewart FA, Piel AK, Luncz L, Osborn J, Li Y, Hahn BH, Haslam M. 2018. DNA recovery from wild chimpanzee tools PLoS ONE, >DOI >Public Url

Piel AK, Chitayat A, Stewart F. 2017. Grooming Hand Clasp by Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in the Issa Valley, Western Tanzania Pan Africa News, >Public Url

Moore J, Black J, Hernandez-Aguilar RA, Idani G, Piel AK, Stewart FA. 2017. Chimpanzee vertebrate consumption: Savanna and forest chimpanzees compared Journal of Human Evolution, 112 :30-40 >DOI >Public Url

Haslam M, Hernandez-Aguilar RA, Proffitt T, Arroyo A, Falótico T, Fragaszy D, Gumert M, Harris JWK, Huffman M, Kalan AK, Malaivijitnond S, Matsuzawa T, McGrew W, Ottoni EB, Pascual-Garrido A, Piel AK, Pruetz J, Schuppli C, Stewart FA, Tan A, Visalberghi E, Luncz LV. 2017. Primate Archaeology Evolves Nature Ecology and Evolution, >DOI >Public Url

Piel AK, Strampelli P, Greathead E, Hernandez-Aguilar RA, Moore J, Stewart FA. 2017. The diet of open-habitat chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in the Issa valley, western Tanzania Journal of Human Evolution, 112 :57-69 >DOI >Public Url

Dadáková E, Brožová K, Piel AK, Stewart FA, Modrý D, Celer V, Hrazdilová K. 2017. Adenovirus infection in savanna chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in the Issa Valley, Tanzania Archives of Virology, >DOI >Public Url

Wondra E, van Casteren A, Pascual-Garrido A, Stewart F, Piel AK. 2016. A New Report of Chimpanzee Ant-fishing from the Issa Valley, Tanzania African Primates, 11 :1-18 >Public Url

McLester E, Stewart F, Piel AK. 2016. Observation of an Encounter between African Wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus) and a Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in the Issa Valley, Tanzania African Primates, 11 :27-36 >Public Url

Kuhl HS, Kalan AK, Arandjelovic M, Aubert F, D’Auvergne L, Goedmakers A, Jones S, Kehoe L, Regnaut S, Tickle A, Ton E, van Schijndel J, Abwe EE, Angedakin S, Agbor A, Ayimisin EA, Bailey E, Bessone M, Bonnet M, Brazolla G, Buh VE, Chancellor R, Cipoletta C, Cohen H, Corogenes K, Coupland C, Curran B, Deschner T, Dierks K, Dieguez P, Dilambaka E, Diotoh O, Dowd D, Dunn A, Eshuis H, Fernandez R, Ginath Y, Hart J, Hedwig D, Ter Heegde M, Cleveland Hicks T, Imong I, Jeffery KJ, Junker J, Kadam P, Kambi M, Kienast I, Kujirakwinja D, Langergraber K, Lapeyre V, Lapuente J, Lee K, Leinert V, Meier A, Maretti G, Marrocoli S, Mbi TJ, Mihindou V, Moebius Y, Morgan D, Morgan B, Mulindahabi F, Murai M, Niyigabae P, Normand E, Ntare N, Ormsby LJ, Piel AK, Pruetz J, Rundus A, Sanz C, Sommer V, Stewart FA, Tagg N, Vanleeuwe H, Vergnes V, Willie J, Wittig RM, Zuberbuehler K, Boesch C. 2016. Chimpanzee accumulative stone throwing Scientific Reports, 6 >DOI >Public Url

Jirků-Pomajbíková K, Čepička I, Kalousová B, Jirků M, Stewart F, Levecke B, Modrý D, Piel AK, Petrželková KJ. 2016. Molecular identification of Entamoeba species in savanna woodland chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii). Parasitology, :1-8 >Public Url

Piel AK, Lenoel A, Johnson C, Stewart FA. 2015. Deterring poaching in western Tanzania: The presence of wildlife researchers GLOBAL ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION, 3 :188-199 >DOI >Link >Public Url

Piel AK, Cohen N, Kamenya S, Ndimuligo SA, Pintea L, Stewart FA. 2015. Population Status of Chimpanzees in the Masito-Ugalla Ecosystem, Tanzania AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY, 77 :1027-1035 >DOI >Link >Public Url

Johnson C, Piel AK, Forman D, Stewart FA, King AJ. 2015. The ecological determinants of baboon troop movements at local and continental scales MOVEMENT ECOLOGY, 3 >DOI >Link >Public Url

McGrew WC, Matsumoto T, Nakamura M, Phillips CA, Stewart FA. 2014. Experimental primate archaeology: Detecting stone handling by Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) Lithic Technology, 39 :113-121 >DOI

Liu W, Li Y, Shaw KS, Learn GH, Plenderleith LJ, Malenke JA, Sundararaman SA, Ramirez MA, Crystal PA, Smith AG, Bibollet-Ruche F, Ayouba A, Locatelli S, Esteban A, Mouacha F, Guichet E, Butel C, Ahuka-Mundeke S, Inogwabini B-I, Ndjango J-BN, Speede S, Sanz CM, Morgan DB, Gonder MK, Kranzusch PJ, Walsh PD, Georgiev AV, Muller MN, Piel AK, Stewart FA, Wilson ML, Pusey AE, Cui L, Wang Z, Farnert A, Sutherland CJ, Nolder D, Hart JA, Hart TB, Bertolani P, Gillis A, LeBreton M, Tafon B, Kiyang J, Djoko CF, Schneider BS, Wolfe ND, Mpoudi-Ngole E, Delaporte E, Carter R, Culleton RL, Shaw GM, Rayner JC, Peeters M, Hahn BH, Sharp PM. 2014. African origin of the malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 5 >DOI >Link >Public Url

Stewart FA, Piel AK. 2014. Termite fishing by wild chimpanzees: new data from Ugalla, western Tanzania PRIMATES, 55 :35-40 >DOI >Link

Kalousova B, Piel AK, Pomajbikova K, Modry D, Stewart FA, Petrzelkova KJ. 2014. Gastrointestinal Parasites of Savanna Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in Ugalla, Tanzania INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY, 35 :463-475 >DOI >Link

Stewart FA, Pruetz JD. 2013. Do Chimpanzee Nests Serve an Anti-Predatory Function? American Journal of Primatology, 75 :593-604 >DOI

Gonzalez-Moreno O, Hernandez-Aguilar RA, Piel AK, Stewart FA, Gracenea M, Moore J. 2013. Prevalence and climatic associated factors of Cryptosporidium sp infections in savanna chimpanzees from Ugalla, Western Tanzania PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH, 112 :393-399 >DOI >Link

Piel AK, Stewart FA, Pintea L, Li Y, Ramirez MA, Loy DE, Crystal PA, Learn GH, Knapp LA, Sharp PM, Hahn BH. 2013. The Malagarasi River Does Not Form an Absolute Barrier to Chimpanzee Movement in Western Tanzania PLOS ONE, 8 >DOI >Link >Public Url

Stewart FA, Piel AK, O'Malley RC. 2012. Responses of chimpanzees to a recently dead community member at Gombe National Park, Tanzania AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY, 74 :1-7 >DOI >Link

Stewart FA. 2011. Brief communication: Why sleep in a nest? empirical testing of the function of simple shelters made by wild chimpanzees American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 146 :313-318 >DOI

Rudicell RS, Piel AK, Stewart F, Moore DL, Learn GH, Li Y, Takehisa J, Pintea L, Shaw GM, Moore J, Sharp PM, Hahn BH. 2011. High Prevalence of Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in a Community of Savanna Chimpanzees JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY, 85 :9918-9928 >DOI >Link

Stewart FA, Piel AK, McGrew WC. 2011. Living archaeology: Artefacts of specific nest site fidelity in wild chimpanzees JOURNAL OF HUMAN EVOLUTION, 61 :388-395 >DOI >Link

Stewart FA, Pruetz JD, Hansell MH. 2007. Do chimpanzees build comfortable nests? American Journal of Primatology, 69 :930-939 >DOI

van Casteren A, Oelze VM, Angedakin S, Kalan AK, Kambi M, Boesch C, Kühl HS, Langergraber KE, Piel AK, Stewart FA, Kupczik K. Food mechanical properties and isotopic signatures in forest versus savannah dwelling eastern chimpanzees Communications Biology, >Public Url

Thoemmes MS, Stewart FA, Hernandez-Aguilar RA, Bertone MA, Baltzegar DA, Borski RJ, Cohen N, Coyle KP, Piel AK, Dunn RR. Ecology of Sleeping: The Microbial and Arthropod Associates of Chimpanzee Beds Royal Society Open Science, >Public Url

Piel AK. A comparative molecular survey of malaria prevalence among Eastern chimpanzee populations in the Issa valley (Tanzania) and Kalinzu (Uganda) MALARIA JOURNAL, >Public Url

Other

Piel AK, Stewart FA, Pintea L, Li Y, Ramirez MA, Loy DE, Crystal PA, Learn GH, Knapp LA, Sharp PM, Hahn BH. 2017. Correction: The Malagarasi River does not form an absolute barrier to chimpanzee movement in Western Tanzania (PLoS ONE (2013) 8:3 (e58965) DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0058965) PLoS ONE, 12 >DOI