Liverpool Skylilne

Natural Sciences and Psychology

Prof Isabelle De Groote

Prof Isabelle De Groote

Telephone: 000000

ORCID

Biography

In general my research interest is human evolution, with a focus on modern human diversity and the emergence, evolution, and disappearance of Neanderthals, and the related question of the origins of anatomically and behaviorally modern humans. Currently, my research focuses on three topics: 1) understanding the transition from a hunter gatherer lifestyle to one of food production in Northwest Africa, 2) studying differences in post-cranial morphology between modern human populations and the influences of climate, activity and heredity; and 3) applying models based on modern human diversity in order to contextualise the differences observed between Neanderthals and early modern humans. Through my research into post-cranial anatomy, I am also interested in the ontogeny of human skeletal diversity and the relationships between activity, environment and growth patterns.

Degrees

2008, University College London, United Kingdom, PhD Palaeoanthropology

Publications

Highlighted publications

De Groote I, Bello SM, Kruszynski R, Compton T, Stringer C. 2014. Sir Arthur Keith's Legacy: Re-discovering a lost collection of human fossils Quaternary International, 337 :237-253 DOI Author Url Public Url

Ashton N, Lewis SG, De Groote I, Duffy SM, Bates M, Bates R, Hoare P, Lewis M, Parfitt SA, Peglar S, Williams C, Stringer C. 2014. Hominin Footprints from Early Pleistocene Deposits at Happisburgh, UK PLoS ONE, 9 :e88329 DOI Author Url Public Url

Humphrey LT, De Groote I, Morales J, Barton N, Collcutt S, Ramsey CB, Bouzouggar A. 2014. Earliest evidence for caries and exploitation of starchy plant foods in Pleistocene hunter-gatherers from Morocco PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 111 :954-959 DOI Author Url

Journal article

Buck LT, De Groote I, Hamada Y, Hassett BR, Ito T, Stock JT. 2019. Evidence of different climatic adaptation strategies in humans and non-human primates SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 9 DOI Author Url

Charters D, Abrams G, De Groote I, Di Modica K, Bonjean D, Meloro C. 2019. Temporal variation in cave bear (Ursus spelaeus) dentition: The stratigraphic sequence of Scladina Cave, Belgium Quaternary Science Reviews, 205 :76-85 DOI Author Url Public Url

Veneziano A, Irish JD, Meloro C, Stringer C, De Groote I. 2019. The functional significance of dental and mandibular reduction in Homo: A catarrhine perspective American Journal of Primatology, 81 :E22953-E22953 DOI Author Url Public Url

De Groote I, Morales J, Humphrey L. 2018. Oral health in Late Pleistocene and Holocene North West Africa Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 22 :392-400 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Veneziano A, Meloro C, Irish J, Stringer C, Profico A, De Groote I. 2018. Neuromandibular integration in humans and chimpanzees: implications for dental and mandibular reduction in Homo American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 167 :84-119 DOI Author Url Public Url

Buck LT, De Groote I, Hamada Y, Stock JT. 2018. Humans preserve non-human primate pattern of climatic adaptation QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS, 192 :149-166 DOI Author Url Public Url

Towle I, Irish JD, De Groote I. 2018. Amelogenesis imperfecta in the dentition of a wild chimpanzee. J Med Primatol, 47 :117-119 DOI Author Url Public Url

Towle I, Irish JD, Elliott M, De Groote I. 2018. Root grooves on two adjacent anterior teeth of Australopithecus africanus International Journal of Paleopathology, DOI Author Url Public Url

Towle I, Irish J, De Groote IEPM. 2017. Behavioral inferences from the high levels of dental chipping in Homo naledi American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 164 :184-192 DOI Author Url Public Url

Abrams G, Di Modica K, Bezombes F, Bonjean D, Burton D, Lilley F, Nikolopoulos S, Precioso F, Stretcha C, Thomaidou E, Ververidis D, De Groote IEPM. 2016. DigiArt: towards a virtualization of Cultural Heritage Notae Praehistoricae, 36 Public Url

De Groote IEPM, Girdland Flink L, Abbas R, Bello S, Burgio L, Buck LT, Dean C, Freyne A, Higham T, Jones C, Kruszynski R, Lister A, Parfitt S, Skinner M, Schindler K, Stringer CB. 2016. New genetic and morphological evidence suggests a single hoaxer created ‘Piltdown man’ Royal Society Open Science, DOI Author Url Public Url

Bello SM, Delbarre G, de Groote I, Parfitt SA. 2016. A newly discovered antler flint-knapping hammer and the question of their rarity in the Palaeolithic archaeological record: Reality or bias? Quaternary International, 403 :107-117 DOI Author Url

De Groote IEPM, Humphrey LT. 2015. Characterizing Evulsion in the Later Stone Age Maghreb: age, sex and effects on mastication Quaternary International, DOI Author Url Public Url

De Groote I, Bello SM, Kruszynski R, Compton T, Stringer C. 2014. Sir Arthur Keith's Legacy: Re-discovering a lost collection of human fossils Quaternary International, 337 :237-253 DOI Author Url Public Url

De Groote IEPM. 2014. 1 Million Years of Britons Focus Magazine, :64-71

Ashton N, Lewis SG, De Groote I, Duffy SM, Bates M, Bates R, Hoare P, Lewis M, Parfitt SA, Peglar S, Williams C, Stringer C. 2014. Hominin Footprints from Early Pleistocene Deposits at Happisburgh, UK PLoS ONE, 9 :e88329 DOI Author Url Public Url

Humphrey LT, De Groote I, Morales J, Barton N, Collcutt S, Ramsey CB, Bouzouggar A. 2014. Earliest evidence for caries and exploitation of starchy plant foods in Pleistocene hunter-gatherers from Morocco PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 111 :954-959 DOI Author Url

Bello S, Parfitt S, De Groote IEPM. 2013. Investigating experimental knapping damage on an antler hammer: a pilot-study using high-resolution imaging and analytical techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40 :4528-4537 DOI Author Url Publisher Url

De Groote I, Aiello LC. 2011. Response to Deane and Kremer's Comment: 3D, or Not to 3D AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 144 :498-499 DOI Author Url

De Groote I, Aiello LC. 2011. Letter to the editor: Response to Deane and Kremer's comment: 3D, or not to 3D American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 144 :498-499 DOI

De Groote I, Humphrey LT. 2011. Body mass and stature estimation based on the first metatarsal in humans. Am J Phys Anthropol, DOI Author Url

De Groote IEPM, Kovarovik K. 2009. "Review of 'Congress Secretariat (ed.) -- Acts of the XIVth Congress, University of Liège, Belgium, 2-8 September 2001. Section 3: Paleoecology. General Sessions and Posters.'" Paleoanthropology, 2009 :89-90

De Groote I. 2007. Paleontological data analysis JOURNAL OF HUMAN EVOLUTION, 53 :762-763 DOI Author Url

De Groote I, Lockwood CA, Aiello LC. 2006. Long bone curvature in Neanderthals and modern humans: A new method for measuring long bone curvature using 3D landmarks and semilandmarks. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, :82-82 Author Url

De Groote I. The Neanderthal lower arm. J Hum Evol, 61 :396-410 DOI Author Url

De Groote I. Femoral curvature in Neanderthals and modern humans: a 3D geometric morphometric analysis. J Hum Evol, 60 :540-548 DOI Author Url

De Groote I, Humphrey LT. Body mass and stature estimation based on the first metatarsal in humans. Am J Phys Anthropol, 144 :625-632 DOI Author Url

De Groote I, Lockwood CA, Aiello LC. Technical note: A new method for measuring long bone curvature using 3D landmarks and semi-landmarks. Am J Phys Anthropol, 141 :658-664 DOI Author Url

Bello S, De Groote I, Delbarre G. Application of 3-dimensional microscopy and micro-CT scanning to the analysis of Magdalenian portable art on bone and antler Journal of Archaeological Science, DOI Author Url Publisher Url

Dean C, De Groote IEPM, Stringer C. Arthur Smith Woodward and his involvement in the study of human evolution. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 430 DOI

De Groote IEPM. A new case of antler flint-knapping hammer in Laugerie-Haute West (France) and the question of their rarity in the Palaeolithic archaeological record : reality or bias? Quaternary International, Public Url

Atterton T, Eliopoulos C, De Groote IEPM. Assessing Size and Strength of the Clavicle for its usefulness for Sex Estimation in a British Medieval Sample. HOMO: journal of comparative human biology, DOI Author Url Public Url

De Groote IEPM, Stringer C, Lewis M. Prehistory of the British Isles: A tale of coming and going Bulletins et mémoires de la Société d’anthropologie de Paris, Publisher Url Public Url

Wiseman A, De Groote IEPM. A three-dimensional geometric morphometric study of the effects of erosion on the morphologies of modern and prehistoric footprints. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, DOI Public Url

Towle I, Dove ER, Irish JD, Groote ID. Severe Plane-Form Enamel Hypoplasia in a Dentition from Roman Britain Dental Anthropology Journal, 30 :16-24 DOI Public Url

Conference publication

Wilson LAB, De Groote I, Humphrey LT. 2019. Sex differences in the patterning of age-related bone loss in the human hallucal metatarsal in Post-medieval rural and urban populations AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 88th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists (AAPA) 168 :271-271 Author Url

Buck LT, De Groote I, Hamada Y, Stock JT. 2019. Are we what we eat? Regional diet, but not climate, shapes cranial morphology in Jomon foragers AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 88th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists (AAPA) 168 :31-31 Author Url

Buck LT, De Groote I, Hamada Y, Stock JT. 2018. Climate, craniofacial plasticity and culture: A comparison of ecogeographic patterns in cranial shape between Jomon foragers and Japanese macaques AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 87th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists (AAPA) 165 :37-37 Author Url

Buck LT, De Groote I, Hamada Y, Stock JT. 2017. Climatic adaptation in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) as a model for calibrating human intraspecific variation AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 86th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists (AAPA) 162 :131-132 Author Url

Wilson LAB, De Groote I, Humphrey LT. 2017. Geometric morphometric analysis of variation in human hallucal metatarsal periosteal and endosteal shape in rural and urban populations AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 86th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists (AAPA) 162 :412-412 Author Url

Marques De Oliveira A, Veneziano A, De Groote I, Meloro C. 2016. Locomotory behaviour of the giant ground sloth (Megatherium americanum): a three dimensional morphometric approach 1st International Meeting of Early-stage Researchers in Palaeontology Publisher Url

Towle IE, Irish JD, De Groote I. 2016. Enamel defects in Paranthropus robustus relative to other South African hominins AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 85th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 159 :316-316 Author Url

Kuosa J-NH, Irish JD, De Groote I. 2016. On the cusp of a great discovery: Dental morphology in medieval England AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 85th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 159 :199-199 Author Url

Veneziano A, Meloro C, Irish JD, Stringer C, De Groote I. 2016. A primate viewpoint on mandibular reduction in Homo: the impact of allometry and encephalisation AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 85th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 159 :322-322 Author Url

De Groote I, Humphrey L. 2014. Characterizing dental evulsion in the Maghreb AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 83rd Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 153 :103-103 Author Url

De Groote IEPM, Humphrey L. 2011. Body Mass Estimation Using the First Metatarsal in Upper Paleolithic Populations Abstracts of the Paleoanthropology Society 2011 Meeting., Paleoanthropology Society 2011 Meeting. 2011 :A14-A15 DOI

De Groote I. 2009. An investigation of long bone curvature in modern human populations: femur, ulna and radius AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 78th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists :116-116 Author Url

De Groote I, Humphrey L. Oral health and dietary change during the Epipalaeolithic-Neolithic transition in Northwest Africa AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 150 :109-109 Author Url

De Groote I, Stringer C, Compton T, Kruszynski R. Human Material from Shukbah Cave, Israel Bulletins et mémoires de la Société d'anthropologie de Paris, 1837es Journées de la Société d’Anthropologie de Paris 24 :1-40 Publisher Url

De Groote I, Humphrey L. Evulsion Practices among the Iberomaurusians Bulletins et mémoires de la Société d'anthropologie de Paris, 1836es journées de la Société d’Anthropologie de Paris 23 :1-40 Publisher Url

De Groote IEPM, Humphrey LT, Barton N. Stature and mobility changes in prehistoric Northwest Africa African Archaeology Research Day 2011

De Groote IEPM, Ashton N, Chris S, Lewis S, Duffy S, d'Aout C, Crompton R, Bates M, Bates R, Hoare P, Lewis M, Parfitt S, Peglar S, Williams C, Savage R. European Society for the study of Human Evolution European Society for the study of Human Evolution

Other

De Groote I, Flink LG, Abbas R, Bello SM, Burgio L, Buck LT, Dean C, Freyne A, Higham T, Jones CG, Kruszynski R, Lister A, Parfitt SA, Skinner MM, Shindler K, Stringer CB. 2016. New genetic and morphological evidence suggests a single hoaxer created 'Piltdown Man' (vol 3, 160328, 2016) Royal Society Open Science, 3 DOI Author Url

De Groote IEPM. The secrets of Human Evolution BBC Focus Magazine,

De Groote IEPM. Report on the 1836th scientific meeting of the Société d’Anthropologie de Paris (SAP) Set in Stone, 8

De Groote IEPM. The Hominin Games BBC Focus,

De Groote IEPM. Neanderthals: biosocial models Callan H. International Encyclopedia of Anthropology,

De Groote IEPM. Britain: One million years of history BBC Focus Magazine,

Internet publication

De Groote IEPM. 2016. Solving the Piltdown Man crime: how we worked out there was only one forger Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Report

De Groote IEPM. 2015. D8.2 Dissemination Report D8.2 Dissemination Report Public Url

De Groote IEPM. 2015. D 8.1 Communications Kit D8.1 COMMUNICATION KIT WP8: Impact, Dissemination and Exploitation DigiArt :1-9

Chapters

De Groote IEPM, Stringer C. Homo sapiens Encyclopedia of Global Archeology. Springer

De Groote IEPM, Stringer C. Out of Africa Origins Encyclopedia of Global Archeology Springer

irish , De Groote IEPM. The human skeletal remains from Ghaba: A physical anthropology assessment Salvatori S, Usai D, Lecointe Y. Ghaba: An early Neolithic Cemetery in Central Sudan 1 :85-108 Africa Magna Verlag. Frankfurt am Mainz 9783937248523

De Groote IEPM. Ancestors and Timescales. Tool Use by Humans and Other Apes. Evolution of Human Language. Humans Causing Evolution. 30 Second Evolution Icon Publishing London. London 9781848318403

De Groote IEPM, Humphrey LT. Characterizing Ablation in the Later Stone Age Maghreb: Chronology and Significance Irish JD. Dental modification: A global perspective Public Url

De Groote IEPM. Neanderthals: biosocial models Callan H, Power C. Encyclopedia of Anthropology

Thesis/Dissertation

De Groote I. A comprehensive analysis of long bone curvature in Neanderthals and modern humans using 3D morphometrics Lockwood C, Hillson S, Aiello L. University College London

Engagement & Impact

Public engagement:

Liverpool City Centre, Being Human Festival, Public Event, Families, 2000, Organisor, http://www.ljmu.ac.uk/being-human-festival. 2017

Andenne, Belgium, Talk: DigiArt and Cultural Heritage, Lecture, local government, invited speaker. 2016

National Museums Liverpool, Prehistoric footprints at Festival of Archaeology, demonstration, general public museum visitors, 40, participant. 2016

Sclandina Cave Belgium, Excavating Prehistoric Caves, Guided tours of site, General Public, 100, Tour guide. 2016

Parco dei Mostri, Bomarzo, Italy, DigiArt in the Monster Garden - Bomarzo, Demonstration, Adults children, 200, Organiser. 2016

Manchester Conference Centre, Darwin Day Celebrations, Demonstration, schools, families, interested adults, 250, invited participant. 2016

Manchester Museum, Science Uncovered - ERN Manchester, Demonstration, Pulic, 424, Invited speaker. 2015

External collaboration:

University of Cambridge, Jay T Stock. 2017

Liverpool World Museum, Human Evolution Gallery, Isabelle De Groote & Laura Bishop. 2017

University of Liverpool, Robin Crompton. 2017

World Museum Liverpool, Steve Judd. 2016

Liverpool Museum, Liz Stewart. 2016

British Museum, Nick Ashton. 2014

Scladina Cave Archaeological Centre, Dominique Bonjean. 2014

Scladina Cave Archaeological Centre, Gregory Abrams. 2014

Scladina Cave Archaeological Centre, Kevin diModica. 2014

The Natural History Museum, Chris Stringer.

The Natural History Museum, Louise Humphrey.

The Natural History Museum, Silvia Bello.

University College London, Chris Dean.

University of Cambridge, Jay T Stock.

Research Grants Awarded:

NERC, Dating the Middle Palaeolithic in Belgium, Silvia Bello (NHM), Kevin di Modica, Dominique Bonjean, Gregory Abrams, Stephane Pirson, Grant value (£): 6000, Duration of research project: 6 months. 2015

EU-Horizon2020, The Internet of Historical Things and Building New 3D Cultural Worlds- "DigiArt", Prof Andy Shaw; Dr Frederic Bezombes; Dr Isabelle De Groote, Grant value (£): 2778877, Duration of research project: 42 months. 2015

EU Reflective Societies, DigiArt, David Burton, Francis Lilly, Grant value (£): 3 million Euro, Duration of research project: 3 years. 2014

European Union Consolidator Grant, ADAPT, J T Stock, Grant value (£): 2 million Euro, Duration of research project: 5 years from 01/01/15.

Other invited event:

Lit and Phil Manchester: Tracking the First Humans in Britain, Manchester, Public lecture to 148 people. Sold-out event.. 2015

QUESTIONS IN HUMAN EVOLUTION: Biological Anthropology Summer Lectures at University of Kent, University of Kent Canterbury, Public lecture: Tracking the first humans in Britain. 2014

Society of Thirteen Lecture : Overview human evolution, Chester, Public lecture to Society of Thirteen Chester. 2014

Invited Seminar, Sedentism before the onset of agriculture?, 1 hour invited seminar talk to Biological Anthropology seminar series. 2014

Prehistoric Autopsy, London, Newcaste, Manchester, Three public lectures for BBC Education: Prehistoric Autopsy. 2013

Ear Surgeons and Audiologists Conference, SAGE Conference Centre, Gateshead., Invited lecture on human inner ear development and balance in human evolution.. 2013

SciFri Liverpool, Liverpool, Lecture on Human Evolution. 2012

“The Ancient Olympics were barefoot”, Natural History Museum, London, Invited lecture on human evolution and endurance running.. 2012

Award:

Rescue Dig of the Year, Current Archaeology, http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0088329. 2015

Vice Chancellor award for Excellence in Research and Scholarship, LJMU. 2014

External PGR examinations performed:

University of Florence, PhD. 2014

Teaching qualification:

Bachelor in Education. 1999

Media Coverage:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-17371153, BBC News Website Video How human skulls have changed over the centuries 14 March 2012.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01d2rgl, BBC Radio 4 15/03/2012 Red Deer Cave People Material World.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b068ynpb, DigiArt features in PM programme Radio 4, 5th September 2015.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00pfhr9, BBC World Service - Science In Action, 15/03/2012.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00xfdmt/episodes/guide, Consultant on BBC series Prehistoric Autopsy Aired October 2012 (Consultant from 07/2011 to 06/2012).

Media coverage (tv, paper, radio) for the PNAS paper on diet and caries.

Media work (tv, radio, magazines and newspapers) for the PlosOne paper on Britain's oldest footprints.

Piltdown Man media coverage in dozens of news outlets. Includes BBC One Show documentary filming..

Membership of professional bodies:

Member, American Association of Physical Anthropology.

Member, Société d’Anthropologie de Paris.

Other Professional Activity:

Science Uncovered Manchester 2015: After hours adult event where scientists bring their work to the public..