Liverpool Skylilne

Natural Sciences and Psychology

Dr Isabelle De Groote

Dr Isabelle De Groote

Telephone: 0151 231 2812

Biography

In general my research interest is human evolution, with a focus on modern human diversity and the emergence, evolution, and disappearance of Neanderthals, and the related question of the origins of anatomically and behaviorally modern humans. Currently, my research focuses on three topics: 1) understanding the transition from a hunter gatherer lifestyle to one of food production in Northwest Africa, 2) studying differences in post-cranial morphology between modern human populations and the influences of climate, activity and heredity; and 3) applying models based on modern human diversity in order to contextualise the differences observed between Neanderthals and early modern humans. Through my research into post-cranial anatomy, I am also interested in the ontogeny of human skeletal diversity and the relationships between activity, environment and growth patterns.

Degrees

2008, University College London, United Kingdom, PhD Palaeoanthropology

Publications

Highlighted publications

De Groote I, Flink LG, Abbas R, Bello SM, Burgia L, Buck LT, Dean C, Freyne A, Higham T, Jones CG, Kruszynski R, Lister A, Parfitt SA, Skinner MM, Shindler K, Stringer CB. 2016. New genetic and morphological evidence suggests a single hoaxer created 'Piltdown man' ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, 3 >DOI >Link

De Groote I, Bello SM, Kruszynski R, Compton T, Stringer C. 2014. Sir Arthur Keith's Legacy: Re-discovering a lost collection of human fossils QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL, 337 :237-253 >DOI >Link

Ashton N, Lewis SG, De Groote I, Duffy SM, Bates M, Bates R, Hoare P, Lewis M, Parfitt SA, Peglar S, Williams C, Stringer C. 2014. Hominin Footprints from Early Pleistocene Deposits at Happisburgh, UK PLOS ONE, 9 >DOI >Link

Humphrey LT, De Groote I, Morales J, Barton N, Collcutt S, Ramsey CB, Bouzouggar A. 2014. Earliest evidence for caries and exploitation of starchy plant foods in Pleistocene hunter-gatherers from Morocco PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 111 :954-959 >DOI >Link

Journal Articles

Towle I, Irish JD, De Groote I. 2017. Behavioral inferences from the high levels of dental chipping in Homo naledi American Journal of Physical Anthropology, >DOI

De Groote I, Flink LG, Abbas R, Bello SM, Burgia L, Buck LT, Dean C, Freyne A, Higham T, Jones CG, Kruszynski R, Lister A, Parfitt SA, Skinner MM, Shindler K, Stringer CB. 2016. New genetic and morphological evidence suggests a single hoaxer created 'Piltdown man' ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, 3 >DOI >Link

Atterton T, De Groote I, Eliopoulos C. 2016. Assessing size and strength of the clavicle for its usefulness for sex estimation in a British medieval sample HOMO-JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE HUMAN BIOLOGY, 67 :409-416 >DOI >Link

Bello SM, Delbarre G, De Groote I, Parfitt SA. 2016. A newly discovered antler flint-knapping hammer and the question of their rarity in the Palaeolithic archaeological record: Reality or bias? QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL, 403 :107-117 >DOI >Link

De Groote I, Humphrey LT. 2016. Characterizing evulsion in the Later Stone Age Maghreb: Age, sex and effects on mastication QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL, 413 :50-61 >DOI >Link

Dean C, De Groote I, Stringer C. 2016. Arthur Smith Woodward and his involvement in the study of human evolution Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 430 :321-335 >DOI

De Groote I, Bello SM, Kruszynski R, Compton T, Stringer C. 2014. Sir Arthur Keith's Legacy: Re-discovering a lost collection of human fossils QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL, 337 :237-253 >DOI >Link

De Groote IEPM. 2014. 1 Million Years of Britons Focus Magazine, :64-71

Ashton N, Lewis SG, De Groote I, Duffy SM, Bates M, Bates R, Hoare P, Lewis M, Parfitt SA, Peglar S, Williams C, Stringer C. 2014. Hominin Footprints from Early Pleistocene Deposits at Happisburgh, UK PLOS ONE, 9 >DOI >Link

Humphrey LT, De Groote I, Morales J, Barton N, Collcutt S, Ramsey CB, Bouzouggar A. 2014. Earliest evidence for caries and exploitation of starchy plant foods in Pleistocene hunter-gatherers from Morocco PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 111 :954-959 >DOI >Link

Bello S, Parfitt S, De Groote IEPM. 2013. Investigating experimental knapping damage on an antler hammer: a pilot-study using high-resolution imaging and analytical techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40 :4528-4537 >DOI

De Groote I. 2011. The Neanderthal lower arm. J Hum Evol, 61 :396-410 >DOI >Link

De Groote I, Humphrey LT. 2011. Body mass and stature estimation based on the first metatarsal in humans. Am J Phys Anthropol, 144 :625-632 >DOI >Link

De Groote I. 2011. Femoral curvature in Neanderthals and modern humans: a 3D geometric morphometric analysis. J Hum Evol, 60 :540-548 >DOI >Link

De Groote I, Humphrey LT. 2011. Body mass and stature estimation based on the first metatarsal in humans. Am J Phys Anthropol, >DOI >Link

De Groote I, Aiello LC. 2011. Response to Deane and Kremer's Comment: 3D, or Not to 3D AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 144 :498-499 >DOI >Link

De Groote I, Aiello LC. 2011. Letter to the editor: Response to Deane and Kremer's comment: 3D, or not to 3D American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 144 :498-499 >DOI

De Groote I, Lockwood CA, Aiello LC. 2010. Technical note: A new method for measuring long bone curvature using 3D landmarks and semi-landmarks. Am J Phys Anthropol, 141 :658-664 >DOI >Link

De Groote IEPM, Kovarovik K. 2009. "Review of 'Congress Secretariat (ed.) -- Acts of the XIVth Congress, University of Liège, Belgium, 2-8 September 2001. Section 3: Paleoecology. General Sessions and Posters.'" Paleoanthropology, 2009 :89-90

De Groote I. 2007. Paleontological data analysis JOURNAL OF HUMAN EVOLUTION, 53 :762-763 >DOI >Link

De Groote I, Lockwood CA, Aiello LC. 2006. Long bone curvature in Neanderthals and modern humans: A new method for measuring long bone curvature using 3D landmarks and semilandmarks. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, :82-82 >Link

Abrams G, Di Modica K, Bezombes F, Bonjean D, Burton D, Lilley F, Nikolopoulos S, Precioso F, Stretcha C, Thomaidou E, Ververidis D, De Groote IEPM. DigiArt: towards a virtualization of Cultural Heritage Notae Praehistoricae, 36

De Groote IEPM. A new case of antler flint-knapping hammer in Laugerie-Haute West (France) and the question of their rarity in the Palaeolithic archaeological record : reality or bias? Quaternary International,

De Groote IEPM, Stringer C, Compton T, Kruszynski R, Bello S. Sir Arthur Keith's Legacy: Re-discovering a lost collection of human fossils Quaternary International Quaternary International,

Bello S, De Groote I, Delbarre G. Application of 3-dimensional microscopy and micro-CT scanning to the analysis of Magdalenian portable art on bone and antler Journal of Archaeological Science,

Other

De Groote I, Flink LG, Abbas R, Bello SM, Burgio L, Buck LT, Dean C, Freyne A, Higham T, Jones CG, Kruszynski R, Lister A, Parfitt SA, Skinner MM, Shindler K, Stringer CB. 2016. Correction to ‘New genetic and morphological evidence suggests a single hoaxer created ‘Piltdown Man’’ Royal Society Open Science, 3 :160679-160679 >DOI

De Groote IEPM. Britain: One million years of history BBC Focus Magazine,

De Groote IEPM. The Hominin Games BBC Focus,

De Groote IEPM. Report on the 1836th scientific meeting of the Société d’Anthropologie de Paris (SAP) Set in Stone, 8

De Groote IEPM. The secrets of Human Evolution BBC Focus Magazine,

Chapters

irish , De Groote IEPM. 2016. The human skeletal remains from Ghaba: A physical anthropology assessment Salvatori S, Usai D, Lecointe Y. Ghaba: An early Neolithic Cemetery in Central Sudan 1 :85-108 Africa Magna Verlag. Frankfurt am Mainz 9783937248523

De Groote IEPM. 2015. Ancestors and Timescales. Tool Use by Humans and Other Apes. Evolution of Human Language. Humans Causing Evolution. 30 Second Evolution Icon Publishing London. London 9781848318403

De Groote IEPM, Stringer C. 2014. Out of Africa Origins Encyclopedia of Global Archeology Springer

De Groote IEPM, Stringer C. 2014. Homo sapiens Encyclopedia of Global Archeology. Springer

De Groote IEPM. Neanderthals: biosocial models Callan H, Power C. Encyclopedia of Anthropology

De Groote IEPM, Humphrey LT. Characterizing Ablation in the Later Stone Age Maghreb: Chronology and Significance Irish JD. Dental modification: A global perspective

Internet Publications

De Groote IEPM. 2016. Solving the Piltdown Man crime: how we worked out there was only one forger >Link

Conference Publication (journal proceedings)

Towle IE, Irish JD, De Groote I. 2016. Enamel defects in Paranthropus robustus relative to other South African hominins AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 85th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 159 :316-316 >Link

Veneziano A, Meloro C, Irish JD, Stringer C, De Groote I. 2016. A primate viewpoint on mandibular reduction in Homo: the impact of allometry and encephalisation AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 85th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 159 :322-322 >Link

Kuosa J-NH, Irish JD, De Groote I. 2016. On the cusp of a great discovery: Dental morphology in medieval England AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 85th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 159 :199-199 >Link

De Groote I, Humphrey L. 2014. Characterizing dental evulsion in the Maghreb AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 83rd Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 153 :103-103 >Link

De Groote I, Humphrey L. 2013. Oral health and dietary change during the Epipalaeolithic-Neolithic transition in Northwest Africa AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 150 :109-109 >Link

De Groote IEPM, Humphrey L. 2011. Body Mass Estimation Using the First Metatarsal in Upper Paleolithic Populations Abstracts of the Paleoanthropology Society 2011 Meeting., Paleoanthropology Society 2011 Meeting. 2011 :A14-A15 >DOI

De Groote I. 2009. An investigation of long bone curvature in modern human populations: femur, ulna and radius AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 78th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists :116-116 >Link

De Groote IEPM, Ashton N, Chris S, Lewis S, Duffy S, d'Aout C, Crompton R, Bates M, Bates R, Hoare P, Lewis M, Parfitt S, Peglar S, Williams C, Savage R. European Society for the study of Human Evolution European Society for the study of Human Evolution

De Groote IEPM, Humphrey LT, Barton N. Stature and mobility changes in prehistoric Northwest Africa African Archaeology Research Day 2011

De Groote I, Humphrey L. Evulsion Practices among the Iberomaurusians Bulletins et mémoires de la Société d'anthropologie de Paris, 1836es journées de la Société d’Anthropologie de Paris 23 :1-40

De Groote I, Stringer C, Compton T, Kruszynski R. Human Material from Shukbah Cave, Israel Bulletins et mémoires de la Société d'anthropologie de Paris, 1837es Journées de la Société d’Anthropologie de Paris 24 :1-40

Theses / Dissertations

De Groote I. 2008. A comprehensive analysis of long bone curvature in Neanderthals and modern humans using 3D morphometrics Lockwood C, Hillson S, Aiello L. University College London

Engagement & Impact

Award:

Award title: Rescue Dig of the Year, Awarding body: Current Archaeology, URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0088329

Award title: Vice Chancellor award for Excellence in Research and Scholarship, Awarding body: LJMU

External collaboration:

Institution: Liverpool Museum, Collaborator: Liz Stewart

Institution: World Museum Liverpool, Collaborator: Steve Judd

Institution: Scladina Cave Archaeological Centre, Collaborator: Dominique Bonjean

Institution: Scladina Cave Archaeological Centre, Collaborator: Kevin diModica

Institution: Scladina Cave Archaeological Centre, Collaborator: Gregory Abrams

Institution: British Museum, Collaborator: Nick Ashton

Institution: University of Cambridge, Collaborator: Jay T Stock

Institution: University of Liverpool, Collaborator: Robin Crompton

Institution: University of Cambridge, Collaborator: Jay T Stock

Institution: University College London, Collaborator: Chris Dean

Institution: The Natural History Museum, Collaborator: Louise Humphrey

Institution: The Natural History Museum, Collaborator: Silvia Bello

Institution: The Natural History Museum, Collaborator: Chris Stringer

External PGR examinations performed:

Name of University: University of Florence, Award student examined for: PhD

Media Coverage:

Media coverage: Piltdown Man media coverage in dozens of news outlets. Includes BBC One Show documentary filming.

Links #1: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b068ynpb, Media coverage: DigiArt features in PM programme Radio 4, 5th September 2015

Media coverage: Media work (tv, radio, magazines and newspapers) for the PlosOne paper on Britain's oldest footprints

Media coverage: Media coverage (tv, paper, radio) for the PNAS paper on diet and caries

Links #1: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00xfdmt/episodes/guide, Media coverage: Consultant on BBC series Prehistoric Autopsy Aired October 2012 (Consultant from 07/2011 to 06/2012)

Links #1: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01d2rgl, Media coverage: BBC Radio 4 15/03/2012 Red Deer Cave People Material World

Links #1: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-17371153, Media coverage: BBC News Website Video How human skulls have changed over the centuries 14 March 2012

Links #1: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00pfhr9, Media coverage: BBC World Service - Science In Action, 15/03/2012

Membership of professional bodies:

Member, American Association of Physical Anthropology

Member, Société d’Anthropologie de Paris

Other invited event:

Title of event: Lit and Phil Manchester: Tracking the First Humans in Britain, Location: Manchester, Description: Public lecture to 148 people. Sold-out event.

Title of event: QUESTIONS IN HUMAN EVOLUTION: Biological Anthropology Summer Lectures at University of Kent, Location: University of Kent Canterbury, Description: Public lecture: Tracking the first humans in Britain

Title of event: Society of Thirteen Lecture : Overview human evolution, Location: Chester, Description: Public lecture to Society of Thirteen Chester

Title of event: Invited Seminar, Location: Sedentism before the onset of agriculture?, Description: 1 hour invited seminar talk to Biological Anthropology seminar series

Title of event: SciFri Liverpool, Location: Liverpool, Description: Lecture on Human Evolution

Title of event: “The Ancient Olympics were barefoot”, Location: Natural History Museum, London, Description: Invited lecture on human evolution and endurance running.

Title of event: Prehistoric Autopsy, Location: London, Newcaste, Manchester, Description: Three public lectures for BBC Education: Prehistoric Autopsy

Title of event: Ear Surgeons and Audiologists Conference, Location: SAGE Conference Centre, Gateshead., Description: Invited lecture on human inner ear development and balance in human evolution.

Other Professional Activity:

Describe the Professional Activities: Science Uncovered Manchester 2015: After hours adult event where scientists bring their work to the public.

Public engagement:

Venue/location: Andenne, Belgium, Title of the activity: Talk: DigiArt and Cultural Heritage, Type of activity: Lecture, Audience type: local government, Your role in the activity (e.g. organiser, invited speaker, participant etc.): invited speaker

Venue/location: Sclandina Cave Belgium, Title of the activity: Excavating Prehistoric Caves, Type of activity: Guided tours of site, Audience type: General Public, Audience numbers: 100, Your role in the activity (e.g. organiser, invited speaker, participant etc.): Tour guide

Venue/location: Manchester Museum, Title of the activity: Science Uncovered - ERN Manchester, Type of activity: Demonstration, Audience type: Pulic, Audience numbers: 424, Your role in the activity (e.g. organiser, invited speaker, participant etc.): Invited speaker

Venue/location: National Museums Liverpool, Title of the activity: Prehistoric footprints at Festival of Archaeology, Type of activity: demonstration, Audience type: general public museum visitors, Audience numbers: 40, Your role in the activity (e.g. organiser, invited speaker, participant etc.): participant

Venue/location: Parco dei Mostri, Bomarzo, Italy, Title of the activity: DigiArt in the Monster Garden - Bomarzo, Type of activity: Demonstration, Audience type: Adults children, Audience numbers: 200, Your role in the activity (e.g. organiser, invited speaker, participant etc.): Organiser

Venue/location: Manchester Conference Centre, Title of the activity: Darwin Day Celebrations, Type of activity: Demonstration, Audience type: schools, families, interested adults, Audience numbers: 250, Your role in the activity (e.g. organiser, invited speaker, participant etc.): invited participant

Research Grants Awarded:

EU Reflective Societies, DigiArt, David Burton, Francis Lilly, Grant value (£): 3 million Euro, Duration of research project: 3 years

NERC, Dating the Middle Palaeolithic in Belgium, Silvia Bello (NHM), Kevin di Modica, Dominique Bonjean, Gregory Abrams, Stephane Pirson, Grant value (£): 6000, Duration of research project: 6 months

European Union Consolidator Grant, ADAPT, J T Stock, Grant value (£): 2 million Euro, Duration of research project: 5 years from 01/01/15

Teaching qualification:

Title of qualification gained: Bachelor in Education