Liverpool Skylilne

Natural Sciences and Psychology

Prof Joel Irish

Prof Joel Irish

Telephone: 0151 231 2387

ORCID

Biography

AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION
• Bioarchaeology
• Dental anthropology
• Human skeletal biology
• Hominin origins and affinities
• Human adaptation and variation
• Human paleopathology
• Computer & statistical applications, microtaxonomy
• North and sub-Saharan Africa

RESEARCH
I am a bioarchaeologist with extensive academic and applied experience in dental anthropology, human osteology, and paleopathology. I also have a strong background in prehistoric archaeology, having been involved in >35 seasons of archaeological and bioarchaeological fieldwork in the U.S., Europe, and Africa. A principal area of research involves a biocultural approach to the Upper Pleistocene through modern peopling of Africa, with a concentration on dental morphometric data to understand population origins, biological affinities, migration, and diachronic adaptation. I have assembled a large database of dental and osseous morphometric variants (313 variables in >6,000 individuals), recorded in North and sub-Saharan African samples from institutions throughout the world. Though concentrating on Upper Pleistocene through recent groups, I also apply this approach to Plio-Pleistocene hominins including, most recently, Australopithecus sediba and the Rising Star Cave hominins in conjunction with colleagues from South Africa and the U.S. Because of this and other research I have 3 co-edited books, one co-authored book, >70 peer-reviewed articles in professional journals and edited volumes, >80 presentations at regional, national, and international meetings, and various manuscripts under review or in progress.

TEACHING
With reference to academic background, I have 20 years of full time experience in teaching and advising at the university level. I have taught a variety of undergraduate and graduate courses prior to joining LJMU, including: Introduction to Biological Anthropology, Human Biology, Paleoanthropology, Human Osteology, Analytical Techniques, Dental Anthropology, Human Genetics, and Proseminar in Physical Anthropology. In teaching I often incorporate a four-field approach, where appropriate, to present a more holistic picture. I am currently module leader for 5108NATSCI Excavation and Analytical Techniques and 6019NAT Advanced Forensic Anthropology at LJMU.

Beyond teaching, I have advised hundreds of students, served on >40 graduate committees in the U.S. UK, and Europe, and at present am/was the Chair of 12 Masters and 12 Ph.D. student committees.

Languages

French

Degrees

1993, Arizona State University, United States, PhD, Biological Anthropology
1984, Minnesota State University, Mankato, United States, MS, Anthropology (Continuing Studies Program)
1980, Minnesota State University, Mankato, United States, BS

Academic appointments

Honorary Research Professor, Evolutionary Studies Institute and Centre for Excellence in PaleoSciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 2014 - present
Professor of Bioarchaeology, Research Centre in Evolutionary Anthropology and Palaeoecology, Liverpool John Moores University, 2012 - present
Professor of Anthropology, Emeritus, Anthropology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1998 - present
Visiting Assistant Professor, Anthropology, University of New Mexico, 1995 - 1998
Adjunct Assistant Professor, Anthropology, Arizona State University, 1993 - 1995

Publications

Highlighted publications

Irish JD, Bailey SE, Guatelli-Steinberg D, Delezene LK, Berger LR. 2018. Ancient teeth, phenetic affinities, and African hominins: Another look at where Homo naledi fits in JOURNAL OF HUMAN EVOLUTION, 122 :108-123 DOI Author Url Public Url

Towle I, Irish JD, Elliott M, De Groote I. 2018. Root grooves on two adjacent anterior teeth of Australopithecus africanus International Journal of Paleopathology, DOI Author Url Public Url

Moreno-Mayar JV, Potter BA, Vinner L, Steinrücken M, Rasmussen S, Terhorst J, Kamm JA, Albrechtsen A, Malaspinas A-S, Sikora M, Reuther JD, Irish JD, Malhi RS, Orlando L, Song YA, Nielsen R, Meltzer DJ, Willerslev E. 2018. Terminal Pleistocene Alaskan genome reveals first founding population of Native Americans Nature, 553 :203-208 DOI Public Url

Ensor BE, Irish JD, Keegan WF. 2017. The Bioarchaeology of Kinship: Proposed Revisions to Assumptions Guiding Interpretation Current Anthropology, :000-000 DOI Public Url

Towle I, Irish J, De Groote IEPM. 2017. Behavioral inferences from the high levels of dental chipping in Homo naledi American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 164 :184-192 DOI Author Url Public Url

Scott GR, Irish JD. 2017. Human Tooth Crown and Root Morphology Cambridge University Press 9781107480735

Irish JD, Lillios KT, Waterman AJ, Silva AM. 2017. “Other” possibilities? Assessing regional and extra-regional dental affinities of populations in the Portuguese Estremadura to explore the roots of Iberia’s Late Neolithic-Copper Age Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 11 :224-236 DOI Public Url

Irish JD, Hemphill, BE, de Ruiter, DJ, Berger, LR. 2016. The apportionment of tooth size and its implications in Australopithecus sediba versus other Plio-pleistocene and recent African hominins AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 161 :398-413 DOI Author Url Public Url

Irish JD. 2016. Who Were They Really? Model-Free and Model-Bound Dental Nonmetric Analyses to Affirm Documented Population Affiliations of Seven South African “Bantu” Samples American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 159 :655-670 DOI Author Url Public Url

Tackney JC, Potter BA, Raff J, Powers M, Watkins WS, Warner D, Reuther JD, Irish JD, O’Rourke DH. 2015. Two contemporaneous mitogenomes from terminal Pleistocene burials in eastern Beringia Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112 :13833-13838 DOI Public Url

Berger LR, Hawks J, de Ruiter DJ, Churchill SE, Schmid P, Delezene LK, Kivell TL, Garvin HM, Williams SA, DeSilva JM, Skinner M, Musiba CM, Cameron N, Holliday TW, Harcourt-Smith W, Ackermann R, Bastir M, Bogin B, Bolter D, Brophy J, Cofran ZD, Congdon KA, Deane AS, Dembo M, Drapeau M, Elliott MC, Feuerriegel EM, Garcia-Martinez D, Green DJ, Gurtov A, Irish JD, Kruger A, Laird MF, Marchi D, Meyer MR, Nalla S, Negash EW, Orr CM, Radovcic D, Schroeder L, Scott JE, Throckmorton Z, Tocheri MW, VanSickle C, Walker CS, Wei P, Zipfel B. 2015. Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa eLife, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Irish JD. 2014. Dental nonmetric variation around the world: Using key traits in populations to estimate ancestry in individuals Berg GE, Ta'ala SC. Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains: Beyond Black and White :165-190 CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group 9781439815755 Publisher Url

Potter BA, Irish JD, Reuther JD, McKinney HJ. 2014. New insights into Eastern Beringian mortuary behavior: A terminal Pleistocene double infant burial at Upward Sun River Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA, :1-6 DOI Author Url Public Url

Irish JD, Guatelli-Steinberg D, Legge SS, de Ruiter DJ, Berger LR. 2013. Dental morphology and the phylogenetic "place" of Australopithecus sediba. Science, 340 :1233062 DOI Author Url

Potter BA, Irish JD, Reuther JD, Gelvin-Reymiller C, Holliday VT. 2011. A terminal Pleistocene child cremation and residential structure from eastern Beringia Science, 331 :1058-1062 DOI Author Url

Irish JD. 2009. The mean measure of divergence (MMD): Its utility in model-free and model-bound analyses relative to the Mahalanobis D2 distance for nonmetric traits American Journal of Human Biology, 22 :378-395 DOI Author Url

Journal article

Irish JD. 2019. Tooth transposition prevalence and type among sub-Saharan Africans AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN BIOLOGY, DOI Author Url

Towle I, Irish JD. 2019. Periapical lesions in hominids: Abscesses on the maxilla of a 2 million-year-old early Homo specimen International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Towle I, Riga A, Irish JD, Dori I, Menter C, Moggi-Cecchi J. 2019. Root caries on a Paranthropus robustus third molar from Drimolen AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 170 :319-323 DOI Author Url Public Url

Brophy JK, Irish J, Churchill SE, de Ruiter DJ, Hawks J, Berger LR. 2019. A comparison of hominin teeth from Lincoln Cave, Sterkfontein L/63, and the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa South African Journal of Science, 115 :102-104 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Towle I, Irish J. 2019. A probable genetic origin for pitting enamel hypoplasia on the molars of Paranthropus robustus Journal of Human Evolution, 129 :54-61 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Veneziano A, Irish JD, Meloro C, Stringer C, De Groote I. 2019. The functional significance of dental and mandibular reduction in Homo: A catarrhine perspective American Journal of Primatology, 81 :E22953-E22953 DOI Author Url Public Url

Czekaj-Zastawny A, Goslar T, Irish JD, Kabaciński J. 2018. Gebel Ramlah—a Unique Newborns’ Cemetery of the Neolithic Sahara African Archaeological Review, 35 :393-405 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Veneziano A, Meloro C, Irish J, Stringer C, Profico A, De Groote I. 2018. Neuromandibular integration in humans and chimpanzees: implications for dental and mandibular reduction in Homo American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 167 :84-119 DOI Author Url Public Url

Irish JD, Bailey SE, Guatelli-Steinberg D, Delezene LK, Berger LR. 2018. Ancient teeth, phenetic affinities, and African hominins: Another look at where Homo naledi fits in JOURNAL OF HUMAN EVOLUTION, 122 :108-123 DOI Author Url Public Url

Towle I, Irish JD, De Groote I. 2018. Amelogenesis imperfecta in the dentition of a wild chimpanzee. J Med Primatol, 47 :117-119 DOI Author Url Public Url

Towle I, Irish JD, Elliott M, De Groote I. 2018. Root grooves on two adjacent anterior teeth of Australopithecus africanus International Journal of Paleopathology, DOI Author Url Public Url

Scott GR, Pilloud MA, Navega D, d'Oliveira J, Cunha E, Irish JD. 2018. rASUDAS: A New Web-Based Application for Estimating Ancestry from Tooth Morphology Forensic Anthropology, 1 :18-31 DOI Public Url

Moreno-Mayar JV, Potter BA, Vinner L, Steinrücken M, Rasmussen S, Terhorst J, Kamm JA, Albrechtsen A, Malaspinas A-S, Sikora M, Reuther JD, Irish JD, Malhi RS, Orlando L, Song YA, Nielsen R, Meltzer DJ, Willerslev E. 2018. Terminal Pleistocene Alaskan genome reveals first founding population of Native Americans Nature, 553 :203-208 DOI Public Url

Ensor BE, Irish JD, Keegan WF. 2017. The Bioarchaeology of Kinship: Proposed Revisions to Assumptions Guiding Interpretation Current Anthropology, :000-000 DOI Public Url

Towle I, Irish J, De Groote IEPM. 2017. Behavioral inferences from the high levels of dental chipping in Homo naledi American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 164 :184-192 DOI Author Url Public Url

Irish JD, Lillios KT, Waterman AJ, Silva AM. 2017. “Other” possibilities? Assessing regional and extra-regional dental affinities of populations in the Portuguese Estremadura to explore the roots of Iberia’s Late Neolithic-Copper Age Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 11 :224-236 DOI Public Url

Marado LM, Silva AM, Irish JD. 2017. Fluctuating asymmetry in dental and mandibular nonmetric traits as evidence for childcare sex bias in 19th/20th century Portugal. Homo, 68 :18-29 DOI Author Url Public Url

Irish JD, Hemphill, BE, de Ruiter, DJ, Berger, LR. 2016. The apportionment of tooth size and its implications in Australopithecus sediba versus other Plio-pleistocene and recent African hominins AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 161 :398-413 DOI Author Url Public Url

Irish JD. 2016. Who Were They Really? Model-Free and Model-Bound Dental Nonmetric Analyses to Affirm Documented Population Affiliations of Seven South African “Bantu” Samples American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 159 :655-670 DOI Author Url Public Url

Tackney JC, Potter BA, Raff J, Powers M, Watkins WS, Warner D, Reuther JD, Irish JD, O’Rourke DH. 2015. Two contemporaneous mitogenomes from terminal Pleistocene burials in eastern Beringia Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112 :13833-13838 DOI Public Url

Berger LR, Hawks J, de Ruiter DJ, Churchill SE, Schmid P, Delezene LK, Kivell TL, Garvin HM, Williams SA, DeSilva JM, Skinner M, Musiba CM, Cameron N, Holliday TW, Harcourt-Smith W, Ackermann R, Bastir M, Bogin B, Bolter D, Brophy J, Cofran ZD, Congdon KA, Deane AS, Dembo M, Drapeau M, Elliott MC, Feuerriegel EM, Garcia-Martinez D, Green DJ, Gurtov A, Irish JD, Kruger A, Laird MF, Marchi D, Meyer MR, Nalla S, Negash EW, Orr CM, Radovcic D, Schroeder L, Scott JE, Throckmorton Z, Tocheri MW, VanSickle C, Walker CS, Wei P, Zipfel B. 2015. Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa eLife, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Hubbard AR, Guatelli-Steinberg D, Irish JD. 2015. Do Nuclear DNA and Dental Nonmetric Data Produce Similar Reconstructions of Regional Population History? An Example From Modern Coastal Kenya American Journal of Physical Anthropology, :1-10 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Potter BA, Irish JD, Reuther JD, McKinney HJ. 2014. New insights into Eastern Beringian mortuary behavior: A terminal Pleistocene double infant burial at Upward Sun River Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA, :1-6 DOI Author Url Public Url

Irish JD, Black W, Sealy J, Ackermann RR. 2014. Questions of khoesan continuity: Dental affinities among the indigenous holocene peoples of South Africa AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 155 :33-44 DOI Author Url

Irish JD, Guatelli-Steinberg D, Legge SS, de Ruiter DJ, Berger LR. 2014. News and views: Response to 'Non-metric dental traits and hominin phylogeny' by Carter et al., with additional information on the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System and phylogenetic 'place' of Australopithecus sediba JOURNAL OF HUMAN EVOLUTION, 69 :129-134 DOI Author Url Public Url

Schrader S, Buzon M, Irish J. 2014. Illuminating the Nubian 'Dark Age': A bioarchaeological analysis of dental non-metric traits during the Napatan Period HOMO-JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE HUMAN BIOLOGY, 65 :267-280 DOI Author Url

Irish JD, Kenyhercz MW. 2013. Size does matter: Variation in tooth size apportionment among major regional North and sub-Saharan African populations Dental Anthropology, 26 :38-44

Irish JD, Guatelli-Steinberg D, Legge SS, de Ruiter DJ, Berger LR. 2013. Dental morphology and the phylogenetic "place" of Australopithecus sediba. Science, 340 :1233062 DOI Author Url

Gamza T, Irish J. 2012. A comparison of archaeological and dental evidence to determine diet at a predynastic egyptian site International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 22 :398-408 DOI Author Url

Cunha C, Silva AM, Irish J, Scott GR, Tomé T, Marquez J. 2012. Hypotrophic roots of the upper central incisors – a proposed new dental discrete trait Dental Anthropology, 25 :8-14 Public Url

Potter BA, Irish JD, Reuther JD, Gelvin-Reymiller C, Holliday VT. 2011. A terminal Pleistocene child cremation and residential structure from eastern Beringia Science, 331 :1058-1062 DOI Author Url

Lukaszek D, Irish J, Abalzeau A, Froment A. 2010. Like I need a hole in the head: Supernumerary external auditory meatus in a Carthaginian cranium International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 20 :344-350 DOI Author Url

Irish JD. 2009. The mean measure of divergence (MMD): Its utility in model-free and model-bound analyses relative to the Mahalanobis D2 distance for nonmetric traits American Journal of Human Biology, 22 :378-395 DOI Author Url

Judd M, Irish J. 2009. Dying to serve: the mass burials at Kerma ANTIQUITY, 83 :709-722 DOI Author Url

Schillaci MA, Irish JD, Wood CCE. 2009. Further analysis of the population history of ancient Egyptians American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 139 :235-243 DOI Author Url

Irish JD, Bratlund B, Schild R, Kolstrup E, Krolik H, Manka D, Boron T. 2008. A late Magdalenian perinatal human skeleton from Wilczyce, Poland JOURNAL OF HUMAN EVOLUTION, 55 :736-740 DOI Author Url

Irish JD, Konigsberg L. 2007. The ancient inhabitants of Jebel Moya Redux: Measures of Population Affinity based on dental morphology International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 17 :138-156 DOI Author Url

Irish JD. 2006. The place of Jebel Moya in northeast African prehistory: A dental perspective AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, :108-108 Author Url

Guatelli-Steinberg D, Irish JD. 2005. Brief communication: Early hominin variability in first molar dental trait frequencies AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 128 :477-484 DOI Author Url

Irish JD, Kobusiewicz M, Kabaciński J, Schild R. 2005. Short communication: Two additional Egyptian Neolithic burials exhibiting unusual mortuary treatment of teeth International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 15 :136-139 DOI Author Url

Irish JD. 2005. The backbone of history: Health and nutrition in the western hemisphere. AMERICAN ANTIQUITY, 70 :198-199 DOI Author Url

Irish JD. 2004. A 5,500-year-old artificial human tooth from Egypt: A historical note International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants, 19 :645-647 Author Url

Irish JD. 2004. Sand, stones, and bones: The archaeology of death in the Wadi Tanezzuft Valley (5000-2000 BP). JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 60 :291-292 DOI Author Url

Kobusiewicz M, Kabaciński J, Schild R, Irish JD, Wendorf F. 2004. Discovery of the first Neolithic cemetery in Egypt's western desert Antiquity, 78 :566-578 DOI

Irish JD. 2004. Purposeful manipulation of teeth in Final Neolithic burials from Upper Egypt AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, :118-118 Author Url

Maes KC, Irish JD, Holl AFC, Walker PL, Armelagos GJ. 2004. Preliminary analysis of dental morphology and identity of an early iron producing population in the Mouhoun Bend, Burkina Faso AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, :140-140 Author Url

Irish JD, Kobusiewicz M, Schild R, Wendorf F. 2003. Neolithic tooth replacement in two disturbed burials from Southern Egypt Journal of Archaeological Science, 30 :281-285 DOI Author Url

Irish JD, Guatelli-Steinberg D. 2003. Ancient teeth and modern humans: Additional dental evidence for an African origin of Homo sapiens. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, :121-121 Author Url

Irish J, Schild R, Froment A, Wendorf F. 2002. The role of Neolithic peoples in northeast African prehistory: a biocultural perspective from Nabta Playa, Egypt. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, :88-89 Author Url

Irish JD. 2001. Dental morphology 1998: Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Dental Morphology. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 114 :171-172 DOI Author Url

Guatelli-Steinberg D, Irish JD, Lukacs JR. 2001. Canary islands-north African population affinities: Measures of divergence based on dental morphology HOMO- Journal of Comparative Human Biology, 52 :173-188 DOI Author Url

Irish JD, Wendorf F, Schild R. 2001. Preliminary report on Neolithic human remains from Nabta Playa, Egypt. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, :85-85 Author Url

Irish JD. 1999. Human adaptability: Past, present, and future. JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 55 :284-285 DOI Author Url

Irish JD. 1998. Diachronic and synchronic dental trait affinities of Late and Post-Pleistocene peoples from North Africa HOMO, 49 :138-155 Author Url

McGarvey ST. 1997. The human biology of the English village - Harrison,GA JOURNAL OF BIOSOCIAL SCIENCE, 29 :512-513 Author Url

Ensor BE, Irish JD. 1997. Hypoplastic area method for analyzing enamel hypoplasia - Reply AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 102 :296-299 Author Url

Irish JD. 1996. The human biology of the English village - Harrison,GA JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 52 :501-503 DOI Author Url

Olgilvie M, Irish J. 1996. Craniofacial asymmetry in a prehistoric Native American skull from the Southwestern United States Journal of Paleopathology, 8 :69-77

Irish JD, Morris DH. 1996. Supplemental description of the Bushman maxillary canine polymorphism SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, 92 :351-353 Author Url

Irish JD, Morris DH. 1996. A supplemental description of the Bushman maxillary canine polymorphism. South African Journal of Science, 92 :351-353-351-353

ENSOR BE, IRISH JD. 1995. HYPOPLASTIC AREA METHOD FOR ANALYZING DENTAL ENAMEL HYPOPLASIA AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 98 :507-517 DOI Author Url

Irish JD, Davis SD, Lively RA. 1993. A bioarchaeological study of prehistoric human, faunal, and cultural remains from Wilson Cove, Admiralty Island Arctic Anthropology, 30 :103-119 Author Url

Irish JD, Pereira da Silva MA, Cussenot O. 1993. Hard tissue regeneration of a gunshot wound in a historic north African skull: A paleopathological perspective Journal of Paleopathology, 5 :135-141

SAKUMA M, IRISH JD, MORRIS DH. 1991. THE BUSHMAN MAXILLARY CANINE OF THE CHEWA TRIBE IN EAST-CENTRAL AFRICA JOURNAL OF THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF NIPPON, 99 :411-417 DOI Author Url

TURNER CG, IRISH JD, MACHADO LMC. 1991. IS LINGUAL SURFACE ATTRITION OF THE MAXILLARY TEETH (LSAMAT) CAUSED BY DENTAL EROSION - REPLY AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 85 :348-351 DOI Author Url

IRISH JD, TURNER CG. 1990. WEST AFRICAN DENTAL AFFINITY OF LATE PLEISTOCENE NUBIANS PEOPLING OF THE EURAFRICAN-SOUTH ASIAN TRIANGLE .2. HOMO-JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE HUMAN BIOLOGY, 41 :42-53 Author Url

IRISH JD, TURNER CG. 1989. DENTAL AFFINITY OF LATE PLEISTOCENE NUBIANS AND HISTORIC WEST AFRICANS AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 78 :245-245 Author Url

HAEUSSLER AM, TURNER CG, IRISH JD. 1988. CONCORDANCE OF AMERICAN AND SOVIET METHODS IN DENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 75 :218-218 Author Url

IRISH JD. 1988. DENTAL METRIC ANALYSIS OF 3 SKELETAL NUBIAN POPULATIONS FROM SEMNA SOUTH, SUDAN AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 75 :225-225 Author Url

IRISH JD, TURNER CG. 1987. MORE LINGUAL SURFACE ATTRITION OF THE MAXILLARY ANTERIOR TEETH IN AMERICAN-INDIANS - PREHISTORIC PANAMANIANS AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 73 :209-213 DOI Author Url

HAEUSSLER AM, IRISH JD, MORRIS DH, TURNER CG. 1987. MORPHOLOGICAL AND METRICAL COMPARISON OF SAN AND CENTRAL SOTHO DENTITIONS FROM SOUTHERN-AFRICA AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 72 :206-207 Author Url

Irish JD, Friedman R. Dental affinities of the C-group inhabitants of Hierakonpolis, Egypt: Nubian, Egyptian, or both? Homo, 61 :81-101 DOI Author Url

Irish JD. Who were the ancient Egyptians? Dental affinities among Neolithic through postdynastic peoples. Am J Phys Anthropol, 129 :529-543 DOI Author Url

Greene TR, Kuba CL, Irish JD. Quantifying calculus: a suggested new approach for recording an important indicator of diet and dental health. Homo, 56 :119-132 DOI Author Url

Irish JD. Population continuity vs. discontinuity revisited: dental affinities among late Paleolithic through Christian-era Nubians. Am J Phys Anthropol, 128 :520-535 DOI Author Url

Halffman CM, Irish JD. Palatine torus in the pre-conquest inhabitants of the Canary Islands. Homo, 55 :101-111 DOI Author Url

Irish JD, Guatelli-Steinberg D. Ancient teeth and modern human origins: an expanded comparison of African Plio-Pleistocene and recent world dental samples. J Hum Evol, 45 :113-144 DOI Author Url

Irish JD. The Iberomaurusian enigma: north African progenitor or dead end? J Hum Evol, 39 :393-410 DOI Author Url

Irish JD. Ancestral dental traits in recent Sub-Saharan Africans and the origins of modern humans. J Hum Evol, 34 :81-98 DOI Author Url

Irish JD. Characteristic high- and low-frequency dental traits in sub-Saharan African populations. Am J Phys Anthropol, 102 :455-467 DOI Author Url

Irish JD, Turner CG. Brief communication: first evidence of LSAMAT in non-native Americans: historic Senegalese from west Africa. Am J Phys Anthropol, 102 :141-146 DOI Author Url

Irish JD, Morris DH. Technical note: canine mesial ridge (Bushman canine) dental trait definition. Am J Phys Anthropol, 99 :357-359 DOI Author Url

Haeussler AM, Irish JD, Morris DH, Turner CG. Morphological and metrical comparison of San and Central Sotho dentitions from southern Africa. Am J Phys Anthropol, 78 :115-122 DOI Author Url

Horwath BC, Waterman AJ, Lillios KT, Irish J. Assessing change in diet and biological affinity between the 4th and 3rd millennia cal BCE in the Portuguese Estremadura: A preliminary dental comparison of Feteira II and Bolores Journal of Comparative Human Biology, 65 DOI Author Url Publisher Url

Lukaszek DA, Irish JD, Balzeau A, Froment A. Like I need a hole in the head: supernumerary external auditory meatus in a Carthaginian cranium International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, :n/a-n/a DOI

Towle I, Dove ER, Irish JD, Groote ID. Severe Plane-Form Enamel Hypoplasia in a Dentition from Roman Britain Dental Anthropology Journal, 30 :16-24 DOI Public Url

Chapters

Czekaj-Zastawny A, Irish J, Kabaciński J, Mugaj J. 2018. The Neolithic Settlements by a Paleo-lake of Gebel Ramlah, Western Desert of Egypt Kabaciński J, Chłodnicki M, Kobusiewicz M, Winiarska-Kabacińska M. Desert and the Nile. Prehistory of the Nile Basin and the Sahara Papers in honour of Fred Wendorf 15 :539-550 Poznań Archaeological Museum. Poznań, Poland 978-83-60109-60-1 Publisher Url

Kabaciński J, Czekaj-Zastawny A, Irish J. 2018. The Neolithic Infant Cemetery at Gebel Ramlah in Egypt’s Western Desert Han S, Betsinger TK, Scott AB. The Anthropology of the Fetus: Biology, Culture, and Society 37 :132-145 Berghahn Books. New York 978-1-78533-691-1 Publisher Url

Irish J, Braga J, Gérard P, Crubézy E. 2018. Evolution and morphological affinities of the Adaima population Crubézy E. Adaïma Demograpic and epidemiological transitions before the pharaohs. III III :49-58 Institut français d'archéologie orientale du Caire - IFAO. Cairo, Egypt 9782724707021

Irish JD, Potter B, Reuther JD. 2015. An 11,500-year old Human Cremation from Eastern Beringia (Central Alaska). Schmidt C, Symes S. The Analysis of Burned Human Remains, 2nd Edition. :295-306 Academic Press / Elsevier. London 978-0-12-800451-7 Publisher Url

Irish JD. 2014. Dental nonmetric variation around the world: Using key traits in populations to estimate ancestry in individuals Berg GE, Ta'ala SC. Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains: Beyond Black and White :165-190 CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group 9781439815755 Publisher Url

Irish JD. 2014. The Human Perinatal Skeleton from Wilczyce Schild R. WILCZYCE. A Late Magdalenian Winter Hunting Camp in Southern Poland Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Sciences. Warsaw, Poland 978-83-63760-25-0 Publisher Url

Irish JD. Afridonty: the ''Sub-Saharan African Dental Complex'' revisited. Anthropological Perspectives on Tooth Morphology: Genetics, Evolution, Variation Cambridge University Press 978-1-107-01145-8 Author Url

Burnett S, Irish J, Fong MR. Wears the problem? Examining the effect of dental wear on studies of crown morphology Anthropological Perspectives on Tooth Morphology: Genetics, Evolution, Variation Cambridge University Press 978-1-107-01145-8

Scott GR, Irish J. Introduction Anthropological Perspectives on Tooth Morphology: Genetics, Evolution, Variation Cambridge University Press 978-1-107-01145-8 DOI

Irish JD, De Groote I. The Neolithic and historic remains from the Ghaba cemetery, Sudan Salvatori S, Usai D. The Neolithic Inhabitants of Ghaba, Sudan British Museum. London

Zakrzewski S, Shortland A, Rowland J, Irish JD. Additional insight into post-Pleistocene Nubian population history. In Chapter 3, The Biography of People. Science in the Study of Ancient Egypt Routledge: Taylor & Francis Group. New York 978-0-415-88574-4

irish , De Groote IEPM. The human skeletal remains from Ghaba: A physical anthropology assessment Salvatori S, Usai D, Lecointe Y. Ghaba: An early Neolithic Cemetery in Central Sudan 1 :85-108 Africa Magna Verlag. Frankfurt am Mainz 9783937248523

Book review

Irish J. 2018. Evolution's Bite: A Story of Teeth, Diet, and Human Originsby Ungar, Peter S. Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture, 2 :143-146 DOI

Irish JD. 2002. Sand, Stones, and Bones: The Archaeology of Death in the Wadi Tanezzuft Valley (5000-2000 BP), edited by Savino di Lernia and Giorgio Manzi Journal of Anthropological Research, 60 :291-292

Irish JD. 2002. The Backbone of History: Health and Nutrition in the Western Hemisphere, edited by Richard H. Steckel and Jerome C. Rose American Antiquity, 70 :198-199

Irish JD. 2001. Dental Morphology 1998: Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Dental Morphology, edited by John T. Mayhall and Tuomo Heikkinen American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 114 :171-172

Irish JD. 1999. Human Adaptability: Past, Present, and Future, edited by S.J. Ulijaszek and R.A. Huss-Ashmore Journal of Anthropological Research, 55 :284-285

Conference publication

Irish JD, Czekaj-Zastawny A, Kabacinski J. 2017. Preservation poor-data rich: bioarchaeology of the Neolithic peoples from Gebel Ramlah, Western Desert, Egypt AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 86th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists (AAPA) 162 :227-227 Author Url

Brophy JK, Delezene LK, Gurtov AN, Hawks J, Irish JD, de Ruiter DJ. 2016. A morphometric examination of Homo naledi teeth from Dinaledi Chamber, Rising Star cave system, South Africa AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 85th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 159 :103-103 Author Url

Kuosa J-NH, Irish JD, De Groote I. 2016. On the cusp of a great discovery: Dental morphology in medieval England AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 85th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 159 :199-199 Author Url

Towle IE, Irish JD, De Groote I. 2016. Enamel defects in Paranthropus robustus relative to other South African hominins AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 85th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 159 :316-316 Author Url

Irish JD. 2016. Tracing the "Bantu Expansion" from its source: Dental nonmetric affinities among West African and neighboring populations AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 85th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 159 :182-182 Author Url

Lillios KT, Irish JD, Waterman AJ, Silva AM. 2016. Regional and extra-regional dental affinities of populations between the Late Neolithic and Copper Age in the Portuguese Estremadura AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 85th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 159 :209-209 Author Url

Irish JD. 2015. Who were they really? Model-free and model-bound dental nonmetric analyses to affirm "known" population affiliations of seven South African "Bantu" samples AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 84th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 156 :175-176 Author Url

Irish JD. 2014. Knocking, filing, and chipping: Following the paths of dental modification across sub-Saharan Africa AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 83rd Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 153 :149-149 Author Url

Huffman MM, Guatelli-Steinberg D, Hubbe M, Irish J, Bailey S. 2014. The peopling of South America: Analysis of dental morphology AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 83rd Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 153 :146-146 Author Url

Irish JD. 2013. New results from an old excavation: The biological "place" of Jebel Moyans in the prehistory of Nubia and Sudan. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 82nd Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 150 :157-158 Author Url

Triambelas K, Irish JD. 2013. Caries prevalence in ancient Egyptians and Nubians, ca. 14,000 BCE-1,400 CE. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 82nd Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 150 :272-273 Author Url

Dicke-Toupin CR, Irish JD. 2012. Population continuity or replacement at ancient Lachish? A dental affinity analysis in the Levant. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 81st Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 147 :132-132 Author Url

Horwath BC, Irish JD. 2012. Dental morphological analysis of two Portuguese Neolithic samples. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 81st Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 147 :168-169 Author Url

Irish JD. 2012. Population continuity after all? Potential late Pleistocene dental ancestors of Holocene Nubians have been found! AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 81st Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 147 :172-173 Author Url

Horwath BC, Irish JD. 2011. Dental anomalies in the deciduous dentition of a C-Group Nubian child from Hierakonpolis, Egypt AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 80th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 144 :168-168 Author Url

Dicke CR, Irish JD. 2011. Supporting evidence for a genetic component in the etiology of Mx.C.P1 transposition in a Rwandan sample from Africa AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 80th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists 144 :125-126 Author Url

Irish JD. 2009. Among the enemy: Dental affinities of the C-Group Nubians at Hierakonpolis, Egypt AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 78th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists :155-155 Author Url

Greene TR, Irish JD. 2008. Working class diet in Predynastic Egypt: as examined through dental indicators. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 77th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists :107-107 Author Url

Irish JD, Bratlund B, Schild R, Kolstrup E, Krolik H, Manka D, Boron T. 2008. A magdalenian perinatal skeleton from Wilcyzee, Poland. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 77th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists :122-123 Author Url

Irish JD. 2007. A 'Garden of Eden' in the Western Desert? Good health and long life among the neolithic Egyptians of Gebel Ramlah. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, :133-134 Author Url

Judd MA, Irish JD, Froment A. 2006. Self sacrifice or slaughter? The mass burials of Kerma AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, :110-111 Author Url

Irish JD. 2000. Decapitation and cremation: A Southeast Alaskan burial practice reserved for warriors killed in battle. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, :185-186 Author Url

Irish JD. 1999. The Iberomaurusians: Ancestors to subsequent North African peoples or a genetic dead-end? AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, :159-159 Author Url

Book

Scott GR, Irish JD. 2017. Human Tooth Crown and Root Morphology Cambridge University Press 9781107480735

Kobusiewicz M, Kabacinski, J, Schild R, Irish J, Gatto MC, Wendorf F. Gebel Ramlah: Final Neolithic Cemeteries from the Western Desert of Egypt. Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Sciences... Poznan

Report

Irish JD. 2014. Report on the forensic analysis of Case #03-81025 skeletal remains

Thesis/Dissertation

Towle IE. Dental pathology, wear and developmental defects in South African hominins Irish JD, De Groote I. Author Url Public Url

Engagement & Impact

Highlighted activities

Media Coverage:

https://gizmodo.com/whats-the-oldest-disease-1833662633, Gizmodo.com asks: "What's the Oldest Disease"? by Daniel Kolitz, with answer by Joel D. Irish. 2019..

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/03/disorder-left-ancient-human-relative-teeth-pocked-golf-balls, Science Magazine News coverage of article by Ian Towle and Joel D. Irish, entitled A probable genetic origin for pitting enamel hypoplasia on the molars of Paranthropus robustus, in the Journal of Human Evolution..

Professional activities

Award:

Vice-Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Research, Scholarship & Knowledge Transfer, Liverpool John Moores University. 2018

Vice-Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Research, Scholarship & Knowledge Transfer, Liverpool John Moores University. 2016

Professor of Anthropology, Emeritus, Department of Anthropology, University of Alaska Fairbanks., http://www.uaf.edu/commence/2013/emeriti/irish/. 2013

Faculty Recognition & Appreciation Award, College of Liberal Arts, Research & Sponsored Activities, University of Alaska Fairbanks.. 2006

Other invited event:

Workshop: Human tooth crown and root morphology, University of Coimbra, Portugal, Workshop to 50 faculty and students about scoring dental nonmetric traits using the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System.. 2017

83rd annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, “A world view of (bio)culturally modified teeth: reason, result, response” symposium organized with Scott E. Burnett. 2014

Conference organisation:

17th Annual Meeting of the British Association of Biological Anthropology & Osteoarchaeology, Co-organizer, http://www.babao.org.uk/. 2015

The Pecos Conference, Co-Organizer.. 1993

Membership of professional bodies:

Full Member, British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology, http://www.babao.org.uk/. 2015

Full member, American Association for the Advancement of Science, http://www.aaas.org/. 2011

Board Member, International Commission of the Later Prehistory of Northeastern Africa, https://nubianstudiessociety.wordpress.com/tag/international-commission-of-the-later-prehistory-of-northeastern-africa/. 2007

Full member; founding member, former secretary-treasurer, former co-editor, past-president, and executive board member, Dental Anthropology Association, http://anthropology.osu.edu/DAA/. 1986

Full Member, American Anthropological Association, http://www.aaanet.org/. 1984

Full member; Chair of AAPA Career Development Committee; (former) Associate Editor of official journal American Journal of Physical Anthropology, American Association of Physical Anthropologists, http://physanth.org/. 1984

External PGR Supervision - completed students:

University of Coimbra, Portugal, PhD. 2014

University of Alaska Fairbanks, PhD. 2014

University of Coimbra, Portugal, PhD. 2014

University of Alaska Fairbanks, M.A.. 2014

University of Alaska Fairbanks, M.A.. 2012

University of Alaska Fairbanks, M.A.. 2012

University of Alaska Fairbanks, PhD. 2009

University of Alaska Fairbanks, MPhil. 2008

University of Alaska Fairbanks, PhD. 2006

University of Alaska Fairbanks, PhD. 2002

Liverpool John Moores University, MPhil.

External collaboration:

http://www.wits.ac.za/newsroom/newsitems/201312/21993/news_item_21993.html, University of the Witwatersrand, Dental anthropologist, Rising Star Expedition, dental morphological specialist for study of early hominin remains from cave site in collaboration with PI Lee Berger, Institute for Human Evolution, University of the Witwatersrand.. 2014

http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/08/malapa-fossils/fischman-text, University of Witwatersrand, Malapa team member, dental anthropology of Australopithecus sediba remains, in collaboration with PI Lee Berger, Institute for Human Evolution, University of the Witwatersrand.. 2012

http://frontierscientists.com/projects/upward-sun-river/, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Project bioarchaeologist, Upward Sun River Site, central Alaska. National Science Foundation funded project to excavate oldest known human remains from northern North America, and related habitation site. Project PI, Dr. Ben Potter.. 2010

http://www.polacynadnilem.uw.edu.pl/sezony/2012-2013/misje-polskie-egipt/198-gebel-ramlah-gebel-ramlah/, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Sciences., Bioarchaeological research at the Neolithic sites at Nabta Playa and Gebel Ramlah, Egypt with Jacek Kabaciński (Project Director), Romuald Schild, and Fred Wendorf (Past Directors), Combined Pre-historic Expedition: Southern Methodist University, Polish Academy of Sciences, and Geological Survey of Egypt.. 2001

External PGR examinations performed:

Ohio State University, PhD. 2012

Editorial boards:

American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 2008

External committees:

Career Development Committee, American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Chair, http://physanth.org/association/committees. 2007

Teaching qualification:

Excellence in Teaching Award, University of Alaska Fairbanks. 2004

Excellence in Teaching Award, University of Alaska Fairbanks. 2003

Media Coverage:

http://beforeitsnews.com/science-and-technology/2013/04/fossilized-teeth-provide-new-insight-into-human-ancestor-2574066.html, Fossilized Teeth Provide New Insight into Human Ancestor.

https://gizmodo.com/whats-the-oldest-disease-1833662633, Gizmodo.com asks: "What's the Oldest Disease"? by Daniel Kolitz, with answer by Joel D. Irish. 2019..

https://www.arcus.org/witness-the-arctic/2012/2/article/19167, Ice Age Child: Earliest Human Remains and Residential Structure in Northern North America.

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/03/disorder-left-ancient-human-relative-teeth-pocked-golf-balls, Science Magazine News coverage of article by Ian Towle and Joel D. Irish, entitled A probable genetic origin for pitting enamel hypoplasia on the molars of Paranthropus robustus, in the Journal of Human Evolution..

Upward Sun River Site, Alaska..