I am currently researching the psychophysiological correlates of listening effort for my funded PhD at Liverpool John Moores Univerisity supervised by Dr Michael Richter, Professor Stephen Fairclough and Professor Sophia Kramer (VU University Amsterdam).
Mental fatigue is a predominant issue that individuals with hearing impairment report suffering with, evidence suggests that this fatigue is a result of excessive effort investment in daily listening. My research focuses on using psychological theories of effort and physiology to examine whether measures of autonomic effort-driven cardiac responses (systolic blood pressure, pre-ejection period and respiratory sinus arrhythmia) are useful indicators of effort investment in listening tasks and subsequent mental fatigue. The ability to quantify listening effort in such a way may help audiologists to enhance the quality of audiometric assessments and hearing aid fitting, to reduce mental effort involved in listening.
Thus far, we have conducted studies guided by the framework of motivational intensity theory, which test the impact of both listening demand and the importance of understanding speech on effort-driven cardiac responses in individuals with no hearing impairment. We aim to investigate whether changes in autonomic activity during listening effort can predict self-reported mental fatigue.
We are also interested in how autonomic activation during mentally effortful tasks, such as listening, differs from activation during physical effort investment.
You can find out more information about my research at our lab website, www.effortlab.website.
2019, Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom, PhD
2015, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom, BSc, Applied Psychology
Slade K, Richter M. 2018. The motivation to listen: The effect of listening demand on effort-driven cardiovascular responses The 30th Annual Convention of The Association for Psychological Science
Slade K, Richter M. 2018. The motivation to listen: The impact of listening demand on effort-driven cardiovascular responses Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Motivation (SSM), San Francisco, USA
Slade K, Kramer SE, Fairclough S, Richter M. 2017. The impact of listening demand on effort-driven cardiovascular responses. 10th anniversary meeting of the Society for the Study of Motivation, Boston, USA.
Slade K, Fairclough S, Kramer SE, Richter M. 2017. The impact of listening demand on effort-driven cardiovascular responses. 29th Association for Psychological Science Annual Convention, Boston, USA
Slade K, Fairclough S, Kramer SE, Richter M. 2017. Systolic blood pressure as an indicator of listening effort in response to listening demand International Convention of Psychological Science, Vienna, Austria
Slade K, Richter M. 2016. The autonomic correlates of listening effort. Faculty of Science Post-Graduate Seminar and Poster Day 2016, Liverpool John Moores University, UK.
Slade K, Richter M. Sympathetic cardiovascular responses reflect changes in effortful listening .
Richter M, Slade K. Determinants of listening effort and their effects on sympathetic and parasympathetic activity 4th International Conference on Cognitive Hearing Science for Communication
Engagement & Impact
The impact of listening demand on cardiovascular effort-driven responses., Faculty of Science Postgraduate Research Seminar and Poster Day 2017, Liverpool John Moores University, UK., Oral presentation 19/06/2017