Liverpool Skylilne

Natural Sciences and Psychology

Dr Margarita Mulero Pazmany

Dr Margarita Mulero Pazmany

Telephone: 0151 231 8079


Margarita Mulero Pazmany studied Biology in Univ. Complutense de Madrid and an MBA in Univ. Pablo de Olavide, Spain. In 2008 she joined Doñana Biological Station (Spanish Council for Scientific Research -CSIC) to work on the use of drones for Conservation Biology, the topic of her PhD, obtained in 2015 at Univ. of Seville, Spain. She worked as a post-doc at the Swiss Ornithological Institute (Vogelwarte) and Univ. Técnica Particular de Loja (Ecuador). In 2015 she joined University of Cádiz (Spain), where she teaches on the postgraduate course “Specialist on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (RPAS) and their civil applications”.

Besides research, Margarita has spent some years working in wildlife management in MIGRES Foundation; for the Andalusian Environmental Agency with the endangered Spanish Imperial Eagle (Aquila adalberti); doing consultant work for private companies (Chavarra SL, E-Building); and she is the founder of a sustainable tourism company (
She joined Liverpool John Moores University (UK) as a Lecturer in UAV applications in Natural Sciences in 2018. Updates on her work can also be found on:

Margarita research focuses in conservation biology. She uses new technologies, mainly Unmanned Aircraft Systems (drones), and more recently, Internet of Things, for wildlife research and management: spatial ecology, epidemiology, infrastructures impact assessment, pollution and anti-poaching. She also works on non-technology related topics such as road ecology, habitat fragmentation and tourism effects on wildlife populations. She conducts most of her fieldwork in Doñana National Park (Southwestern Spain) and protected areas such as Kruger NP and Hluhluwe-iMfolozi in South Africa.

She participates on “Wildlife Conservation and UAV Technology MSc” ( and “Environmental Science and UAVs MSc” and teaches on “Conservation technology” and ecology related modules.


Spanish; Castilian


2015, University of Seville, Spain, PhD in Biology
2009, Pablo de Olavide University, Spain, Master in Business Administration. MBA. Specialization: International Business.
2003, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain, Bachelor in Biology. Specialization: Zoology.
1999, Stewardess School, Spain, Diploma in Sustainable Tourism.

Academic appointments

Lecturer in UAVs applications to Natural Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, 2018 - present


Journal article

Jiménez López J, Mulero-Pázmány M. 2019. Drones for Conservation in Protected Areas: Present and Future Drones, 3 :10-10 >DOI

Laguna E, Barasona JA, Triguero-Ocaña R, Mulero-Pázmány M, Negro JJ, Vicente J, Acevedo P. 2018. The relevance of host overcrowding in wildlife epidemiology: A new spatially explicit aggregation index Ecological Indicators, 84 :695-700 >DOI

Mandujano S, Mulero Pazmany MC, M. Rísquez-Valdepeña A. 2017. Drones: una nueva tecnología para el estudio y monitoreo de fauna y hábitats. Agroproductividad. 2017;10: 79–84.,

Figura R, Shih C-Y, Ceriotti M, Fu S, Brockmann F, Nebot H, Alarcon F, Kropp A, Kondak K, Schwarzbach M, Jimenez A, Mulero-Pazmany M, Dini G, Capitan J, Marron PJ. 2017. KASSANDRA: A framework for distributed simulation of heterogeneous cooperating objects JOURNAL OF SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE, 73 :28-41 >DOI >Link

Mulero-Pázmány M, Jenni-Eiermann S, Strebel N, Sattler T, Negro JJ, Tablado Z. 2017. Unmanned aircraft systems as a new source of disturbance for wildlife: A systematic review PLoS ONE, 12 >DOI

González-Suárez M, D'Amico M, Mulero-Pázmány M. 2017. Advancing road ecology in Africa with robust analyses and cautious inferences: a response to Jackson et al. (2017) Journal of Zoology, 302 :224-227 >DOI

Longmore SN, Collins RP, Pfeifer S, Fox SW, Mulero Pazmany M, Bezombes F, Goodwin A, de Juan Ovelar M, Knapen JH, Wich SA. 2017. Adapting astronomical source detection software to help detect animals in thermal images obtained by unmanned aerial systems International Journal of Remote Sensing,

Strebel N, Mulero Pazmany MC. 2016. Oiseaux et drones - comment éviter les conflits?/ Vögel und Drohnen – wie Konflikte vermieden warden. Avinews,

Mulero-Pazmany M, D'Amico M, Gonzalez-Suarez M. 2016. Ungulate behavioral responses to the heterogeneous road-network of a touristic protected area in Africa JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 298 :233-240 >DOI >Link

Canal D, Mulero-Pazmany M, Jose Negro J, Sergio F. 2016. Decoration Increases the Conspicuousness of Raptor Nests PLoS ONE, 11 >DOI >Link

Mulero-Pazmany M, Angel Barasona J, Acevedo P, Vicente J, Jose Negro J. 2015. Unmanned Aircraft Systems complement biologging in spatial ecology studies Ecology and Evolution, 5 :4808-4818 >DOI >Link

Mulero Pazmany MC, Negro JJ , Ferrer M . 2014. A low cost way for assessing bird risk hazards in power lines: Fixed-wing small Unmanned Aircraft Systems Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems, 2(1), 5–15,

Figura R , Ceriotti M , Yen Shih C , Mulero Pazmany MC, Fu S , Daidone R , Jungen S , Negro J , Marrón P. . 2014. IRIS: Efficient Visualization, Data Analysis and Experiment Management for Wireless Sensor Networks EAI Endorsed Transactions on Ubiquitous Environments 14(3): e4., 3 >DOI

Mulero-Pazmany M, Stolper R, van Essen LD, Negro JJ, Sassen T. 2014. Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems as a Rhinoceros Anti-Poaching Tool in Africa PLOS ONE, 9 >DOI >Link

Barasona JA, Mulero-Pazmany M, Acevedo P, Negro JJ, Torres MJ, Gortazar C, Vicente J. 2014. Unmanned Aircraft Systems for Studying Spatial Abundance of Ungulates: Relevance to Spatial Epidemiology PLOS ONE, 9 >DOI >Link

Rodriguez A, Negro JJ, Mulero M, Rodriguez C, Hernandez-Pliego J, Bustamante J. 2012. The Eye in the Sky: Combined Use of Unmanned Aerial Systems and GPS Data Loggers for Ecological Research and Conservation of Small Birds PLOS ONE, 7 >DOI >Link


Mulero Pazmany MC. 2017. Sistemas aéreos no tripulados (UAS o drones) en investigación y gestión medioambiental Fenercom . Los Drones y sus aplicaciones a la ingeniería civil . Madrid, Spain

Conference publication

Figura R, Schmitz O, Hagemeier T, Ceriotti M, Brockmann F, Mulero-Pázmány M, Marrón PJ. 2016. ICELUS: Investigating strategy switching for throughput maximization to a mobile sink 2016 12th Annual Conference on Wireless On-Demand Network Systems and Services, WONS 2016 - Conference Proceedings, WONS 2016 2016-January :17-24

Schwarzbach M, Laiacker M, Mulero-Pazmany M, Kondak K. 2014. Remote water sampling using flying robots 2014 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS (ICUAS), International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (ICUAS) :72-76 >Link

Figura R, , Schmitz O , Hagemeier T , Ceriotti M , Brockmann F , Mulero Pazmany MC, Marrón P . ICELUS: Investigating strategy switching for throughput maximization to a mobile sink. Proceedings of WONS 2016. Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy. January 2016.978-3-901882-80-7,


Mulero Pazmany MC. 2011. Árboles y arboledas singulares de Doñana Junta de Andalucía . . Sevilla, Spain


Mulero Pazmany MC. Unmanned Aerial Systems in conservation biology Negro Balmaseda JJ.


Albo Sanchez-Bedoya C , Viguria Jimenez, LA , Jimenez Bellido A , Martín Mora V , Anderson Bell Seiler A , Mulero Pazmany MC, Ibáñez C , Negro Balmaseda, JJ , García Popa-Lisseanu A . Patent Number P201331941 (2013) Dispositivo de captura de muestras de elementos macroscópicos presentes en el entorno con múltiples cámaras de captura y almacenamiento. (Device for capturing samples of macroscopic elements in the environment with multiple capture and storage cameras).

Engagement & Impact

Highlighted activities

Editorial boards:

Drones, MDPI, Editorial Board member,

Remote Sensing in Ecology and the Environment, Associate editor,

Professional activities

Conference presentation:

Mulero-Pázmány M, Martínez de Dios R, Figura R, Shih CY, Schwarzbach M, Alarcón F, Kropp A, Nebot H, Mann J, Radoi E, Dini G, Viguria A, Negro JJ, Ollero JJ, Marrón PJ. The integration of UAS in Internet of Things for Conservation biology. Vila Real, Portugal, Jun 2017 (oral), UAS4ENVIRO, Oral presentation 01/06/2017

Mulero-Pázmány M. Experiences on the use of Unmanned Aircraft Systems in Conservation Biology. Worcester, UK, Jul 2016, Small UAS for Environmental Research Conference., Oral presentation 01/07/2016

Mulero-Pázmány M. Unmanned Aircraft Systems in environmental research and management. Madrid, Spain. Feb 2016. (Oral), Global Robot Expo., Oral presentation 01/02/2016

Mulero-Pázmány M, Barasona JA, Acevedo P, Vicente J, Negro JJ. Use of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) for mammals’ spatial ecology studies: comparison with telemetry monitoring by GPS-GSM. Burgos, Spain. December 2015. (Oral), XII Congreso de la SECEM., Oral presentation 01/12/2015

Laguna E, Barasona JA, Mulero-Pázmány M, Vicente J, Acevedo P. Desarrollo de un índice de agregación de individuos espacialmente explícito: los ungulados de Doñana como caso de estudio, Sao Pedro do Sul (Portugal). September 2015. (Poster), VI Reunión de Ungulados Silvestres Ibéricos (RUSI), Poster presentation 01/09/2015

González-Suárez M, Mulero-Pazmany M, D'Amico M. Impalas on the road: assessing ungulate behavioral responses to the heterogeneous road-network of Kruger National Park. August 2-6, 2015 in Montpellier, France. Invited talk, 27th International Congress for Conservation Biology. 4th European congress for Conservation Biology., Oral presentation 02/08/2015

Mulero-Pázmány M. “Use of Unmanned Aerial Systems for gathering data from animals marked with GPS collars in Doñana National Park (Southwest of Spain)”, Strasbourgh, France. Sep 2014., 5th Biologging Symposium (5BLS), Oral presentation 01/09/2014

Mulero-Pázmány M, Schwarzbach M, Viguria A, Martínez de Dios JR, Mann JM, Kropp A, Nebot H, Alarcón Romero F, Negro JJ, Kondak K, Yen Shih C, Ollero A, Marrón P. Sacramento, Ca. USA. Aug. 2014. (Conference Proceedings), Heterogeneous networked cooperating objects for pollution detection and monitoring. 99th ESA Annual Convention 2014, Other 01/08/2014

Schwarzbach M, Laiacker M, Mulero-Pázmány M, Kondak K. “Remote Water Sampling Using Flying Robots”. . Orlando USA. May 27-30, 2014 (Oral), International conference on unmanned aircraft systems (ICUAS’14), Oral presentation 30/05/2014

Mann J, Mulero-Pázmány M. “Platform for the deployment and operation of heterogeneous networked cooperating objects. Horse marking application”.Edinburgh, Scotland. Jan 2014. (Oral)., ISAE UK and Ireland Regional Meeting, Oral presentation 01/01/2014

Mulero-Pázmány M. “Experiencias con ALNT en aplicaciones biológicas”.Teruel, Spain. Oct 2013. (Paper), Congreso nacional sobre capacidades de aeronaves ligeras no tripuladas., Other 01/10/2013

Mulero-Pázmány M. “Small RPAS in Conservation Biology”. Beijing, China. Sep 2013. (Invited talk), International congress UAS China 2013, Oral presentation 01/09/2013

Barasona JA, Mulero-Pázmány M, Acevedo P, Negro JJ, Gortázar C, Vicente J. “Spatial risk for tuberculosis in relation to domestic and wild ungulate distribution assessed by unmanned aerial systems”. Knoxville, USA. Knoxville, USA. Jul 2013. (Poster), The 2013 (62nd) WDA International Conference,, Poster presentation 01/07/2013

Mulero-Pázmány M. “Unmanned Aerial Systems. Their application for wildlife monitoring in Doñana National Park, Spain.” Swansea, Wales. Mar 2013. (Invited talk), Eurosite/CCW Natura 2000 Monitoring Workshop., Oral presentation 01/03/2013

Negro JJ, Mulero-Pázmány M. “AEROMAB: Small UAS for wildlife monitoring”. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Aug 2012. (Poster), 5th North American Ornithological Conference., Poster presentation 01/08/2012

Mulero-Pázmány M, Negro JJ. “AEROMAB: “Small UAS for Montagu´s Harrier´s Circus pygargus nests monitoring”. , Seville, Spain. Dec 2011. (Poster), RED UAS International Congress. University of Engineering, Poster presentation 01/12/2011

Mulero-Pázmány M. “UAS for wildlife monitoring”.Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil. Oct 2011. (Oral), International Congress UAS Latinamerica., Oral presentation 01/10/2011

Mulero-Pázmány M, Negro J, Puentes L. “UAS, a new tool for tracking migration”. Algeciras, Spain. Mar 2010. (Poster), 2nd Conference on Bird migration and global change: movement ecology and conservation strategies., Poster presentation 01/03/2010

Puentes L, Mulero-Pázmány M, Negro J, Ferrer M., De Lucas M. "UAS applications for terrestrial mammals studies”. Bilbao, Spain. Dec 2009. (Poster), IX Jornadas de la Sociedad Española para la conservación y estudio de los mamíferos, SECEM., Poster presentation 01/12/2009

Mulero-Pázmány M. “Introducing AEROMAB project (Aerospace Technologies applied to Biodiversity Conservation). Dec 2008. (Oral), 10th annual TAAC UAS Conference. Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, Oral presentation 01/12/2008

Mulero-Pázmány M, Paracuellos M. “Impact of habitat fragmentation on the steppe birds of Almeria province”., Conservation Biology Congress. XIV Ecology meeting of Mediterranean environments. Almería, Spain. May 2003. (Oral), Oral presentation 01/05/2003

Editorial boards:

Drones, MDPI, Editorial Board member,

Remote Sensing in Ecology and the Environment, Associate editor,

External collaboration:, Instituto Superior de Agronomia. InBio, CiBio. Lisboa, Portugal., Dr. Marcello D Amico, University of Reading, Dr. Manuela González Suárez

Media Coverage:, Smithsonian. Brigit Katz. Why experts are troubled by a viral video of a baby bear s mountain climb. Nov 2018., ABC ciencia. (Spanish main journal) Interview. El tierno video de la mamá oso y su osezno pudo costarles la vida. Nov 2018, The conversation. Margarita Mulero-Pázmány. Dissemination article. Viral bear video shows how drones threaten wildlife – and what to do about it. Nov 2018, National Geographic. Interview by Jason Bittel. Viral bear video shows dark side of filming animals with drones. Nov 2018., Study: UAS as a new source of disturbance for wildlife. Press. SUAS News. The business of drones. 29/06/2017, Blog Aeromab project:, Drones are setting their sights on wildlife. And they’re making science safer for everyone involved. Popular Science. Kate Baggaley. Feb 10th, 2017

National Geographic. Eva van der Berg. Mar 2014. Drones for aerial surveillance in anti-poaching., La Vanguardia (Spanish newspaper) Article “El despegue de los 'drones'” about Aeromab project.

Radio.Onda Cero. News. Jan 2014. Interview “Uso de drones para anti-furtivismo de rinocerontes en África.”

Radio Onda Cero. Program: Como el perro y el gato. Jan 12th 2014. Interview “Proyecto AEROMAB: uso de drones para anti-furtivismo de rinocerontes en África”.

Radio Andalucía-Todo Noticias. Interview "Drones for environmental monitoring". Jun 2009

Canal Sur Radio- Espacio Verde. Interview “Drones for wildlife monitoring”. Jun 2009., TVE1 National News. “Rinocerontes: al borde de la extinción por culpa de los cazadores”. May 26th 2015., Canal Sur. Espacio Protegido. “Los drones en la vigilancia de la biodiversidad”. Mar 30th 2014. (min 10.09)., Canal Sur. Tierra y Mar nº 938. “La teledetección y el cernícalo primilla”. Sep 23th 2012., Andalussian TV interview. Agency: Historias de Luz. Mar 27th 2012. Shown in various national and regional TV media. “Aviones no tripulados serán los nuevos centinelas desde el aire del Parque Nacional de Doñana”, TVE2 Program: Emisión I+D España- Andalucía. Mention to AEROMAB project in minute 34. Mar 2011.

Other invited event:

(Invited seminar), Facultad de Biología, Universidad de Barcelona., Mulero-Pázmány M. “Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS or drones) in environmental research”.

(Invited talk), Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology DST/NRF Centre of Excellence., Mulero-Pázmány M. “The use of drones in conservation biology”.

(Invited talk), INECOL, Instituto de Ecología A.C. Xalapa, México., Mulero-Pázmány M. “Sistemas aéreos no tripulados (UAS o drones) en investigación medioambiental”.

(Invited seminar)., Parque Regional del Curso Medio del río Guadarrama y su entorno., Mulero-Pázmány M. “Experiencias en el uso de Sistemas Aéreos no Tripulados en biología de la conservación”.

Invited Seminar, University of Reading, UK., Mulero-Pázmány M. “Unmanned Aircraft Systems and Internet of things in Conservation Biology”.

(Invited seminar).Seminarios CEF/CEABN., Instituto Superior de Agronomia. InBio, CiBio. Lisboa, Portugal., Mulero-Pázmány M. “Experiences on the use of Unmanned Aircraft Systems in Conservation Biology”

(Invited talk), University of Cádiz, Spain., Mulero-Pázmány M. “Use of drones (RPAS) for environmental conservation”.

(Invited talk) Ukrainian Aerospace Delegation. Strengthening of the State Space Agency’s of Ukraine (SSAU). EGNOS/Galileo and Remote Sensing (GMES)., Center for advanced Aerospace technologies (FADA-CATEC), Mulero-Pázmány M. “UAS in Conservation Biology”

(Invited talk), Centre for wildlife management. University of Pretoria, South Africa, Mulero-Pázmány M. “UAS for wildlife monitoring”

Invited seminar. CABIMER, Seville, Spain, Mulero-Pázmány M. “AEROMAB: “Aviones no tripulados en Biología de la Conservación”.

ESA European Space Agency. Space Expo, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, Mulero-Pázmány M. “Reconciling aerospace and biodiversity conservation”. Workshop on new capabilities for unmanned aerial systems (UAS).

European Hearing on Light UAS. Europ.Comm., Directorate General for Energy and Transpor, Brussels, Belgium., Mulero-Pázmány M. “Light UAS for wildlife and habitat monitoring”.

Research Grants Awarded:

Secretaría de Estado de educación y formación. Subd. Gral de Becas., Beca 23047 para Master Universitario en Dirección de Empresas., Margarita Mulero Pazmany, Grant value (£): 1159€, Duration of research project: 1

Sociedad Española de Ornitología (SEO-Birdlife)., Impacto de la fragmentación del hábitat sobre la avifauna esteparia en la provincia de Almería, España., IP: M Mulero Pazmany., Grant value (£): 3000€

Proyectos de Excelencia, Junta de Andalucía, Spain, SADCON (TEP-375) Autonomous distributed systems for environmental conservation. Estación Biológica de Doñana, CSIC., IPs: A. Ollero; M. Ferrer., Grant value (£): 151160 €

AUIP., Certificación ecológica y sostenible. Análisis del programa de certificación de turismo sostenible en Costa Rica., IP: M Mulero Pazmany., Grant value (£): 1.500€

Junta de Andalucía, Spain, AEROMAB (P07-RNM-03246). Aerospace technologies for biodiversity conservation. Estación Biológica de Doñana. CSIC., IPs: JJ Negro, M Ferrer., Grant value (£): 394000 €, Duration of research project: 4

Junta de Andalucía, Spain, Árboles y arboledas singulares de Doñana, DVD., IP: M Mulero Pazmany., Grant value (£): 20702€

EU FP7-257649, PLANETPlatform for the deployment and operation of heterogeneous networked cooperating objects. Estación Biológica de Doñana. CSIC., IPs: P Marrón; JJ Negro; A Ollero; Gi Dini; D Scarlatti; R Martinez de Dios; E Previnaire; K Kondak; DK Arvin., Grant value (£): 6951613 €, Duration of research project: 4

Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, Ecuador., Análisis de la multifuncionalidad de los ecosistemas secos del Ecuador como herramienta para determinar el estado de conservación y los servicios ambientales., Ps: CI Espinosa; MF Tapia; L Ordóñez; E Gusman; I Arnelas; D Velez; F Reyes; M Iñiguez., Grant value (£): 131618,25 €., Duration of research project: 2

Chavarra SL., Development of a drone for game farms surveillance., IPs: JL Vicente; M Mulero Pazmany., Grant value (£): 45000, Duration of research project: 3

University of Reading, Study of the effects of road networks on ungulates ecology in African protected areas., M González Suarez; M Mulero Pazmany; M D'Amico., Grant value (£): 0€, Duration of research project: 2