Liverpool Skylilne

Natural Sciences and Psychology

Dr Michael Richter

Dr Michael Richter

Biography

Michael Richter is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Natural Sciences and Psychology. He received his PhD in 2004 from the University of Erlangen-Nurnberg, Germany, for a thesis on the impact of mood and task-context on effort-related cardiovascular response. From 2004 to 2015 he worked at Geneva Motivation Lab of the University of Geneva, Switzerland, examining cognitive and affective determinants of effort and cardiovascular response. He joined Liverpool John Moores University in 2015.

His personal research website may be found at www.effortlab.website.

Languages

German
English
French

Degrees

2004, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, PhD (Psychology, Dr.phil.)
2001, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, Diploma (Dipl.-Psych.) in Psychology

Academic appointments

Senior Lecturer, Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, 2015 - present
Maître d'enseignement et de recherche, Psychology, University of Geneva, 2013 - 2015
Maître assistant, Psychology, University of Geneva, 2008 - 2013
Assistant A3, Psychology, University of Geneva, 2004 - 2008

Publications

Highlighted publications

Richter M, Slade K. 2017. Interpretation of Physiological Indicators of Motivation: Caveats and Recommendations International Journal of Psychophysiology, >DOI

Richter M. 2015. Goal pursuit and energy conservation: Energy investment increases with task demand but does not equal it Motivation and Emotion, 39 :25-33 >DOI

Poster

Slade K, Kramer SE, Fairclough S, Richter M. 2017. The impact of listening demand on effort-driven cardiovascular responses. 10th anniversary meeting of the Society for the Study of Motivation, Boston, USA.

Slade K, Fairclough S, Kramer SE, Richter M. 2017. The impact of listening demand on effort-driven cardiovascular responses. 29th Association for Psychological Science Annual Convention, Boston, USA

Slade K, Richter M. 2016. The autonomic correlates of listening effort. Faculty of Science Post-Graduate Seminar and Poster Day 2016, Liverpool John Moores University, UK.

Conference publication

Lasauskaite R, Richter M, Cajochen C. 2017. COLOR TEMPERATURE OF LIGHT AND EFFORT-RELATED CARDIAC RESPONSE: EFFECTS FOR COGNITIVE AND LISTENING TASKS PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, 57th Annual Meeting of the Society-for-Psychophysiological-Research 54 :S130-S130 >Link

Lasauskaite R, Richter M, Cajochen C. 2016. Effects of Lighting Color Temperature on Effort Intensity for Cognitive and Listening Tasks NEUROPSYCHOBIOLOGY, 74 :243-244 >Link

Richter M, Brinkman K, Carbajal I. 2016. Effort and autonomic activity: A meta-analysis of four decades of research on motivational intensity theory INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, 18th World Congress of Psychophysiology of the International Organization of Psychophysiology (IOP) 108 :34-34 >DOI >Link

Stanek J, Richter M. 2013. Energy investment reveals handgrip task difficulty Ansorge U, Kirchler E, Lamm C, Leder H. TeaP 2013. Abstracts of the 55th Conference of Experimental Psychologists, :272-272

Richter M, Stanek J. 2013. Energy conservation effects in hand grip tasks: The impact of task difficulty on exerted muscle force Ansorge U, Kirchler E, Lamm C, Leder H. TeaP 2013. Abstracts of the 55th Conference of Experimental Psychologists, :228-228

Richter M. 2013. Task-context effects on effort-related cardiovascular reactivity Psychophysiology [Supplement], 50 :S12-S12

Richter M. 2013. Energy conservation effects in hand grip tasks: The impact of task difficulty on exerted muscle force. Ansorge U, Kirchler E, Lamm C, Leder H. TeaP 2013. Programme of the 55th Conference of Experimental Psychologists, :96-96

Richter M. 2012. Task difficulty effects on exerted force in an isometric hand-grip task: Mixed evidence for energy conservation International Journal of Psychophysiology, 85 :304-304 >DOI

Richter M. 2012. Energy investment in an isometric hand grip task: Evidence for the energy conservation principle Bröder A, Erdfelder E, Hilbig BE, Meiser T, Phol RF, Stahlberg D. Experimentelle Psychologie. Abstracts der 54. Tagung experimentell arbeitender Psychologen [Experimental Psychology: Abstracts of the 54th Meeting of Experimental Psychologists], :217-217

Richter M. 2011. Task context moderates the impact of reward and task difficulty on cardiovascular reactivity Psychophysiology [Supplement], 48 :S16-S16

Richter M. 2010. Cardiac reactivity in active coping: The joint impact of monetary reward, task difficulty, and manipulation checks Psychophysiology [Supplement], 47 :S57-S57

Richter M, Knappe K. 2009. Mood impact on cardiovascular reactivity under conditions of unfixed task difficulty: The moderating effect of task context Psychophysiology [Supplement], 46 :S72-S72

Gendolla G, Richter M, Silvia PJ. 2008. Motivational intensity reflected by cardiovascular reactivity: The role of self-focused attention INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 43 :23-23 >Link

Richter M. 2008. Difficulty and incentive effects on beta-adrenergic response International Journal of Psychophysiology, 43 :46-46

Richter M. 2008. Cardiac reactivity in active coping: The moderating role of task context Psychophysiology [Supplement], 45 :S96-S96

Richter M, Gendolla GHE. 2007. Cardiac reactivity in active coping: influence of task difficulty and incentive value Psychophysiology [Supplement], 44 :S83-S83

Gendolla GHE, Richter M. 2006. Motivationale Intensität bei sozialer Beobachtung: Effekte auf kardiovaskuläre Reaktivität [Motivational intensity under conditions of social observation: Effects on cardiovascular reactivity] Lösel F, Bender D. 45. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie [45th Conference of the German Society for Psychology], :99-99

Richter M, Gendolla GHE. 2006. Cardiovascular reactivity in active coping under conditions of unclear task difficulty: moderating effects of reward Psychophysiology [Supplement], 43 :56-56

Richter M, Gendolla GHE. 2006. Kardiovaskuläre Reaktivität bei unklarer Aufgabenschwierigkeit [Cardiovascular reactivity under conditions of unclear task difficulty] Lösel F, Bender D. 45. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie [45th Conference of the German Society for Psychologie], :284-284

Richter M, Gendolla GHE. 2006. Kardiovaskuläre Reaktivität bei unklarer Aufgabenschwierigkeit: Moderierende Effekte der Anreizhöhe [Cardiovascular reactivity under conditions of unclear task difficulty: The moderating impact of incentive value] Hecht H, Berti S, Meinhardt G, Gamer M. Beiträge zur 48. Tagung experimentell arbeitender Psychologen [Abstracts of the 48th Meeting of Experimental Psychologists], :220-220

Gendolla GHE, Richter M, Silvia PJ. 2005. Self-focused attention and cardiovascular response in active coping Psychophysiology [Supplement], 42 :58-58

Richter M, Gendolla GHE. 2005. Cardiovascular reactivity in active coping under conditions of unclear task difficulty Psychophysiology [Supplement], 42 :104-104

Richter M, Gendolla GHE. 2005. Anreizeffekte auf die Mobilisierung von Anstrengung bei unklarer Aufgabenschwierigkeit [The impact of incentive value on effort mobilization under conditions of unclear task difficulty] Lange KW, Bäuml K-H, Greenlee MW, Hammerl M, Zimmer A. Experimentelle Psychologie. Beiträge zur 47. Tagung experimentell arbeitender Psychologen [Experimental psychology: Abstracts of the 44th Meeting of Experimental Psychologists], :162-162

Gendolla GHE, Richter M. 2004. Die Rolle des Selbst im Motivationsprozess: Fähigkeitsbewertung, Selbstaufmerksamkeit und anstrengungsbezogene kardiovaskuläre Reaktivität [The self in motivation: Ability, self-awareness, and effort-related cardiovascular reactivity] Rammsayer T, Grabanowski S, Troche S. 44. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie [44th Conference of the German Soctiety for Psychology], :177-177

Richter M, Gendolla GHE. 2003. Cardiovascular reactivity in active coping under conditions of self-involvement Psychophysiology [Supplement], 40 :71-71

Gendolla GHE, Richter M. 2002. Ich-Involvierung und anstrengungsbezogene kardiovaskuläre Reaktivität [Ego-involvement and effort-related cardiovascular reactivity] Baumann A, Keinath A, Krems JF. Experimentelle Psychologie. Abstracts der 44. Tagung experimentell arbeitender Psychologen [Experimental Psychology: Abstracts of the 44th Meeting of Experimental Psychologists], :110-110

Richter M, Gendolla GHE. 2002. Gemeinsamer Effekt von Stimmung und Urteilskontext auf anstrengungsbezogene kardiovaskuläre Reaktivität [The joint effect of mood and judgment context on effort-related cardiovascular reactivity] Baumann M, Keinath A, Krems JF. Experimentelle Psychologie. Abstracts der 44. Tagung experimentell arbeitender Psychologen [Experimental psychology: Abstracts of the 44th Meeting of Experimental Psychologists], :185-185

Journal article

Richter M, Slade K. 2017. Interpretation of Physiological Indicators of Motivation: Caveats and Recommendations International Journal of Psychophysiology, >DOI

Kuipers M, Richter M, Scheepers D, Immink M, Sjak-Shie E, van Steenbergen H. 2017. How effortful is cognitive control? Insights from a novel method measuring single-trial evoked beta-adrenergic cardiac reactivity International Journal of Psychophysiology, :87-92 >DOI

Stanek JC, Richter M. 2016. Evidence against the primacy of energy conservation: Exerted force in possible and impossible handgrip tasks Motivation Science, >Link

Pichora-Fuller MK, Kramer SE, Eckert M, Hornsby B, Humes LE, Lemke U, Lunner T, Matthen M, Mackersie CL, Naylor G, Phillips N, Richter M, Rudner M, Sommers M, Tremblay KL, Wingfield AD. 2016. Hearing impairment and cognitive energy: The Framework for Understanding Effortful Listening (FUEL) Ear and Hearing, 37 :5S-27S >DOI

Richter M. 2016. The moderating effect of success importance on the relationship between listening demand and listening effort Ear and Hearing, 37 :111S-117S >DOI >Link

Richter M. 2016. Comment: Where is the theory? A critical comment on multiple arousal theory Emotion Review, 1 :82-83 >DOI

Richter M. 2016. Residual tests in the analysis of planned contrasts: Problems and solutions Psychological Methods, 21 :112-120 >DOI

Richter M. 2015. Goal pursuit and energy conservation: Energy investment increases with task demand but does not equal it Motivation and Emotion, 39 :25-33 >DOI

Richter M. 2015. Commentary: Pre-crastination: Hastening subgoal completion at the expense of extra physical effort Frontiers in Psychology, 6 :1269-1269 >DOI

Richter M, Wright RA. 2014. Contemporary perspectives on effort: A special issue Motivation and Emotion, 38 :745-747 >DOI

Richter M, Knappe K. 2014. Mood impact on effort-related cardiovascular reactivity depends on task context: Evidence from a task with an unfixed performance standard International Journal of Psychophysiology, 93 :227-234 >DOI

Gendolla GHE, Richter M. 2013. Opportunity cost calculations only determine justified effort - Or, what happened to the resource conservation principle? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36 :686-687 >DOI

Richter M, Wright RA, Brinkmann K, Gendolla GHE. 2013. Motivation Dunn DS. Oxford Bibliographies Online: Psychology, :1-24 >DOI

Richter M. 2013. A closer look into the multi-layer structure of motivational intensity theory. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7 :1-12 >DOI

Richter M, Baeriswyl E, Roets A. 2012. Personality effects on cardiovascular reactivity: Need for closure moderates the impact of task difficulty on engagement-related myocardial beta-adrenergic activity Psychophysiology, 49 :704-707 >DOI

Schmidt RE, Richter M, Gendolla GHE, van der Linden M. 2010. Young poor sleepers mobilize extra effort in an easy memory task : Evidence from cardiovascular measures Journal of Sleep Research, 19 :487-495 >DOI

Gendolla GHE, Richter M. 2010. Effort mobilization when the self is involved: Some lessons from the cardiovascular system Review of General Psychology, 14 :212-226 >DOI

Richter M. 2010. Pay attention to your manipulation checks! Reward impact on cardiac reactivity is moderated by task context Biological Psychology, 84 :279-289 >DOI

Richter M, Gendolla GHE. 2009. The heart contracts to reward: Monetary incentives and preejection period PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, 46 :451-457 >DOI >Link

Richter M, Gendolla GHE. 2009. Mood impact on cardiovascular reactivity when task difficulty is unclear Motivation and Emotion, 33 :239-248 >DOI

Gendolla GHE, Richter M, Silvia PJ. 2008. Self-focus and task difficulty effects on effort-related cardiovascular reactivity Psychophysiology, 45 :653-662 >DOI

Richter M, Friedrich A, Gendolla GHE. 2008. Task difficulty effects on cardiac activity Psychophysiology, 45 :869-875 >DOI

Richter M, Gendolla GHE. 2007. Incentive value, unclear task difficulty, and cardiovascular reactivity in active coping International Journal of Psychophysiology, 63 :294-301 >DOI

Gendolla GHE, Richter M. 2006. Ego-involvement and the difficulty law of motivation: Effects on performance-related cardiovascular response Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32 :1188-1203 >DOI

Gendolla GHE, Richter M. 2006. Cardiovascular reactivity during performance under social observation: The moderating role of task difficulty International Journal of Psychophysiology, 62 :185-192 >DOI

Richter M, Gendolla GHE. 2006. Incentive effects on cardiovascular reactivity in active coping with unclear task difficulty International Journal of Psychophysiology, 61 :216-225 >DOI

Gendolla GHE, Abele AE, Andrei A, Spurk D, Richter M. 2005. Negative mood, self-focused attention, and the experience of physical symptoms: The joint impact hypothesis Emotion, 5 :131-144 >DOI

Gendolla GHE, Richter M. 2005. Ego involvement and effort: Cardiovascular, electrodermal, and performance effects Psychophysiology, 42 :595-603 >DOI

Chapters

Richter M, Gendolla GHE, Wright RA. 2016. Three decades of research on motivational intensity theory: What we have learned about effort and what we still don't know Elliot AJ. Advances in Motivation Science Elsevier >Link

Richter M, Stanek J. 2015. The muscle metaphor in self-regulation in the light of current theorizing on muscle physiology Gendolla GHE, Tops M, Koole SL. Handbook of biobehavioral approaches to self-regulation :55-68 Springer

Gendolla GHE, Brinkmann K, Richter M. 2013. Stimmungs-Verhaltens-Modell [Mood-behavior model] Wirtz MA, Strohmer J. Dorsch. Lexikon der Psychologie [Dorsch. Encyclopedia of psychology] :1496-1496 Huber

Gendolla GHE, Brinkmann K, Richter M. 2013. Selbstinvolvierung [Self-involvement] Wirtz MA, Strohmer J. Dorsch. Lexikon der Psychologie [Dorsch. Encyclopedia of psychology] :1396-1396 Huber

Brinkmann K, Richter M, Gendolla GHE. 2013. Active-Coping-Ansatz [Active coping] Wirtz MA, Strohmer J. Dorsch. Lexikon der Psychologie [Dorsch. Encyclopedia of psychology] :95-96 Huber

Richter M, Wright RA. 2013. Sympathetic nervous system (SNS) Gellman MD, Turner JR. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine :1943-1944 Springer >DOI

Richter M, Wright RA. 2013. Parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) Gellman MD, Turner JR. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine :1436-1438 Springer >DOI

Richter M, Wright RA. 2013. Autonomic nervous system (ANS) Gellman MD, Turner JR. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine :165-168 Springer >DOI

Richter M, Wright RA. 2013. Autonomic activation Gellman DS, Turner JR. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine :163-163 Springer >DOI

Richter M, Gendolla GHE, Brinkmann K. 2013. Theorie der Motivationsintensität [Motivational intensity theory] Wirtz MA, Strohmer J. Dorsch. Lexikon der Psychologie [Dorsch. Encyclopedia of psychology] :1552-1552 Huber

Richter M, Gendolla GHE, Brinkmann K. 2013. Anstrengung [Effort] Wirtz MA, Strohmer J. Dorsch. Lexikon der Psychologie [Dorsch. Encyclopedia of psychology] [Dorsch. Encyclopedia of psychology] :159-160 Huber

Gendolla GHE, Wright RA, Richter M. 2012. Effort intensity: Some insights from the cardiovascular system Ryan RM. The Oxford handbook on motivation :420-438 Oxford University Press

Richter M. 2012. Cardiovascular response to reward Wright RA, Gendolla GHE. How motivation affects cardiovascular response: Mechanisms and applications :79-91 American Psychological Association >DOI

Gendolla GHE, Richter M. 2009. Punishment Sander D, Scherer KR. The Oxford companion to emotion and the affective sciences :324-326 Oxford University Press. New York, NY

Gendolla GHE, Richter M. 2009. Kardiovaskuläre Prozesse und motivationale Intensität [Cardiovascular processes and motivational intensity] Brandstätter-Morawitz V, Otto JH. Handbuch der Allgemeinen Psychologie: Motivation und Emotion [Handbook of general psychology: Motivation and Emotion] :324-331 Hogrefe

Gendolla GHE, Richter M, Brinkmann K. 2008. The role of self-involvement in the development of cardiovascular disease: A motivational analysis Sher L. Psychological factors and cardiovascular disorders: The role of stress and psychosocial influences :181-193 Nova Science Publishers

Gendolla GHE, Brinkmann K, Richter M. 2007. Mood, motivation, and performance: An integrative theory, research and application Lane AM. Mood and human performance: Conceptual, measurements, and applied issues :35-62 Nova Science Publishers

Richter M, Gendolla GHE, Krüsken J. 2006. Context-dependent mood effects on mental effort mobilization: A view from the Mood-Behavior-Model Clark AV. The psychology of moods :57-79 Nova Science Publishers

Gendolla GHE, Richter M. 2004. The role of mood states in the development of cardiovascular disease: Implications of a motivational analysis of cardiovascular reactivity in active coping Shohov SP. Adances in Psychology Research :139-157 Nova Science Publishers

Gendolla GHE, Wright RA, Richter M. Advancing issues in motivation theory intensity research: Updated insights from the cardiovascular system. Ryan RM. The Oxford handbook on motivation Oxford University Press. New York, NY

Thesis/Dissertation

Richter M. 2004. Anstrengungsmobilisierung bei unklarer Handlungsschwierigkeit – Anreizattraktivität, Stimmung und kardiovaskuläre Reaktivität [Effort mobilization under conditions of unclear task difficulty – Incentive value, mood, and cardiovascular reactivity]

Richter M. 2001. Stimmung und Anstrengungsmobilisierung – Eine Studie zur Kontextabhängigkeit der motivationalen Implikationen von Stimmung [Mood and effort mobilization – Moods’ motivational implications are context dependent]

Engagement & Impact

Conference organisation:

Conference name: 9th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Motivation (SSM), Position: Program committee member, URL: http://www.thessm.org/conference2016.php

Conference presentation:

Title of presentation: The impact of motivation on listening effort: Effects of task demand and success importance on cardiovascular correlates of listening effort, Conference title: Speech in Noise Workshop, Place/location of conference: Glasgow, Presentation type: Oral presentation

Title of presentation: Empirical evidence for the indirect effect of the achievement motive: Physiological and grip force data, Conference title: 4th Reading Motivation Meeting, Place/location of conference: Reading, UK, Presentation type: Oral presentation

Title of presentation: Cardiovascular correlates of motivated effort: A meta-analysis of 91 studies on motivational intensity theory, Conference title: 18th General Meeting of the European Association of Social Psychology, Place/location of conference: Granada, Spain, Presentation type: Oral presentation

Editorial boards:

Publication: Journal of European Psychology Students, Position: Consulting editor

Publication: International Journal of Psychophysiology, Position: editorial board member, action editor

Publication: Motivation and Emotion, Position: Associate Editor

Fellowships:

Fellowship title: Fellow of The Higher Education Academy, Organisation: The Higher Education Academy

Membership of professional bodies:

Society for the Teaching of Psychology, member

Society for the Study of Motivation (SSM), member

Society for Psychophysiological Research (SPR), member

Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), member

Schweizer Gesellschaft für Psychologie (SGP) [Swiss Society for Psychology], member

International Society of Research on Emotion (ISRE), member

International Organization of Psychophysiology (IOP), member

DGPs Fachgruppe Biologische Psychologie und Neuropsychologie [Special interest group biological psychology and neuropsychology of the German Society for Psychology], member

DGPs Fachgruppe Allgemeine Psychologie [Special interest group general psychology of the German Society for Psychology]], member

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie (DGPs) [German Society for Psychology], member

Association for Psychological Science (APS), member

Other invited event:

Title of event: Motivational intensity theory -- An integrative approach to mental and physical effort, Location: Geneva, Switzerland, Description: Invited talk at the University of Geneva

Title of event: Does the motivation to conserve energy underlie effort mobilization? Evidence from cardiovascular and grip force data., Location: Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland, Description: Invited talk

Title of event: Consequences of p value misconceptions: Why non-significant results should make us happy., Location: University of Basel, Switzerland, Description: Invited talk

Research Grants Awarded:

Liverpool John Moores University, Towards flipped lectures: Development of lecture-supporting online videos, animations, and associated quizzes., Ruth Ogden, Liverpool John Moores University, Grant value (£): 4500, Duration of research project: 3 months

Bial Foundation, Arousal effects on time perception and timed behaviour, Dr. Ruth Ogden, Prof. Francis McGlone, Grant value (£): 38219, Duration of research project: 1 year

Stiftung Suzanne und Hans Biäsch, Lighting effects on listening effort and listening fatigue, Ruta Lasauskaite, Univeristy of Basel, Switzerland, Grant value (£): 14000, Duration of research project: 1 year

LJMU Faculty of Science PhD Studentship, Autonomic correlates of listening effort, Grant value (£): 46671, Duration of research project: 36 months

Swiss National Science Foundation, The impact of the achievement motive on effort mobilization, Kerstin Brinkmann (University of Geneva, Switzerland, Grant value (£): 232156, Duration of research project: 36 months

Swiss National Science Foundation, Influence of demand and importance salience on effort mobilization, Grant value (£): 59971, Duration of research project: 3 years

Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences, International travel grant, Grant value (£): 273

Swiss National Science Foundation, International travel grant, Grant value (£): 1787

Swiss National Science Foundation, International travel grant, Grant value (£): 1699

Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences, International travel grant, Grant value (£): 818

Swiss National Science Foundation, Determinants of energization in a physical task paradigm: The Ketchup task, Grant value (£): 126879, Duration of research project: 3.5 years

Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences, International travel grant, Grant value (£): 750

Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences, International travel grant, Grant value (£): 750

Department of Psychology and Educational sciences, University of Geneva, International travel grant, Grant value (£): 496

Teaching qualification:

Title of qualification gained: Postgraduate Certificate in Learning and Teaching in Higher Education