Liverpool Skylilne

Natural Sciences and Psychology

Dr Patrick Byrne

Dr Patrick Byrne

Telephone: 0151 231 2297

Biography

I joined the School of Natural Sciences and Psychology in September 2012 as a Lecturer in Geography. Prior to this, I held research positions at Lancaster University and Manchester Metropolitan University in river science and sediment geochemistry, respectively. I have also worked in environmental consultancy as a Hydraulic Engineer and an Environmental Scientist. My teaching and research interests are centred on understanding the origin, transport and fate of environmental pollutants in terrestrial and aquatic systems. I am particularly interested in the hydrological and biogeochemical processes that affect trace metal and nutrient cycling. My research employs a variety of field, analytical and advanced statistical and modelling techniques to understand how pollutants move through the environment and interact with humans and ecosystems. My research comprises four general themes:

Theme (1): Transport and biogeochemical transformation of contaminants at the groundwater-surface water interface (the hyporheic zone)

Theme (2): Application of hydrologic tracers and numerical modelling to understand the behaviour and fate of contaminants in river catchments

Theme (3): The interaction between contaminants and ecosystems, in particular the effect on community structure and behaviour

Theme (4): Development of in-situ sensing technologies for water quality monitoring

Current PGR students:
- Patrizia Onnis (PhD): Application of hydrologic tracers to apportion sources and transport pathways of contaminants in mining-impacted river catchments
- Ilaria Frau (PhD): Development of a novel real-time water quality sensing platform based on functionalised electro-magnetic wave sensors
- Chris Forshaw (PhD): Trace metal dynamics in the Meres and Mosses of Cheshire and Shropshire
- Wendy O'Neill (PhD): Efficacy of buffer strips for reducing water pollution in the meres and mosses of Cheshire and Shropshire
- George Dallow (MPhil): Quantifying transient storage in river restoration schemes
- Lewis Carney (MPhil): Hydrological and geochemical mechanisms controlling the flux of trace metals from contaminated sediments to river water
- Sandisiwe Thisani (PhD): Acid mine drainage treatment for abandoned gold mines using pervious concrete: A systems engineering approach

Former PGR students:
- Dr Sarah Lynch (PhD; external supervisor): Establishing the environmental risk of metal contaminated river bank sediments; School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham

Degrees

2010, Loughborough University, United Kingdom, PhD Geography
2004, University of Leeds, United Kingdom, MSc Catchment Dynamics and Management
2003, University College Dublin, Ireland, MA Geography
2001, University College Dublin, Ireland, BA Geography

Academic appointments

Senior Lecturer in Geography, Liverpool John Moores University, 2012 - present
Senior Reserach Associate, Lancaster University, 2011 - 2012
Research Assistant, Manchester Metropolitan University, 2010 - 2011

Publications

Journal article

Hudson-Edwards KA, Byrne P, Bird G, Brewer PA, Burke IT, Jamieson HE, Macklin MG, Williams RD. 2019. Origin and fate of Vanadium in the Hazeltine Creek Catchment following the 2014 Mount Polley mine tailings spill, British Columbia, Canada Environmental Science and Technology, >DOI >Public Url

Lynch SFL, Batty LC, Byrne PA. 2018. Environmental risk of severely Pb-contaminated riverbank sediment as a consequence of hydrometeorological perturbation Science of the Total Environment, 636 :1428-1441 >DOI >Public Url

Byrne PA, Hudson-Edwards KA, Bird G, Macklin MG, Brewer PA, Williams RD, Jamieson HE. 2018. Water quality impacts and river system recovery following the 2014 Mount Polley mine tailings dam spill, British Columbia, Canada Applied Geochemistry, 91 :64-74 >DOI >Public Url

Frau I, Korostynska O, Mason A, Byrne PA. 2018. Comparison of electromagnetic wave sensors with optical and low-frequency spectroscopy methods for real-time monitoring of lead concentrations in mine water Mine Water and the Environment, 37 :617-624 >DOI >Public Url

Lopez-Tarazon JA, Byrne PA, van der Perk M. 2017. Preface. Transfer of sediments and contaminants in catchments and rivers Journal of Soils and Sediments, 17 :2577-2581 >DOI >Public Url

Byrne P, Runkel RL, Walton-Day KA. 2017. Synoptic sampling and principal components analysis to identify sources of water and metals to an acid mine drainage stream Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20 :17220-17240 >DOI >Public Url

Lynch SFL, Batty LC, Byrne P. 2017. Critical control of flooding and draining sequences on the environmental risk of Zn-contaminated riverbank sediments Journal of Soils and Sediments, 17 :2691-2707 >DOI >Public Url

Byrne P, Taylor KG, Hudson-Edwards KA, Barrett JES. 2017. Speciation and potential long-term behaviour of chromium in urban sediment particulates Journal of Soils and Sediments, 17 :2666-2676 >DOI >Public Url

Lansdown K, Heppell CM, Trimmer M, Binley A, Heathwaite AL, Byrne P, Zhang H. 2015. The interplay between transport and reaction rates as controls on nitrate attenuation in permeable, streambed sediments Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 120 :1093-1109 >DOI

Byrne PA, Zhang H, Ullah S, Binley A, Heathwaite AL, Heppell CM, Lansdown K, Trimmer M. 2015. Diffusive equilibrium in thin-films (DET) provides evidence of suppression of hyporheic exchange and large-scale nitrate transformation in a groundwater-fed river Hydrological Processes, 29 :1385-1396 >DOI >Public Url

Lynch SFL, Batty LC, Byrne PA. 2014. Environmental risk of metal mining contaminated river bank sediments at redox-transitional zones Minerals, 4 :52-73 >DOI >Public Url

Heppell C, Heathwaite AL, Binley A, Byrne PA, Ullah S, Lansdown K, Keenan P, Trimmer M, Zhang H. 2014. Interpreting spatial patterns in redox and coupled water-nitrogen fluxes in the streambed of a gaining river reach Biogeochemistry, 117 :491-509 >DOI >Public Url

Byrne PA, Binley A, Heathwaite AL, Ullah S, Heppell CM, Lansdown K, Zhang H, Trimmer M, Keenan P. 2014. Control of river stage on the reactive chemistry of the hyporheic zone Hydrological Processes, 28 :4766-4779 >DOI >Public Url

Byrne PA, Reid I, Wood PJ. 2013. Stormflow hydrochemistry in a river draining an abandoned metal mine: the Afon Twymyn Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185 :2817-2832 >DOI >Public Url

Binley A, Ullah S, Heathwaite AL, Heppell CM, Byrne PA, Lansdown K, Trimmer M, Zhang H. 2013. Revealing the spatial variability of water fluxes at the groundwater-surface water interface Water Resources Research, 49 :3978-3992 >DOI >Public Url

Byrne PA, Reid I, Wood PJ. 2013. Changes in macroinvertebrate community structure provide evidence of neutral mine drainage impacts Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 15 :393-404 >DOI >Public Url

Byrne PA, Wood PJ, Reid I. 2012. The impairment of river systems by metal mine contamination: A review including remediation options Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 42 :2017-2077 >DOI >Public Url

Byrne PA, Reid I, Wood PJ. 2010. Sediment geochemistry of streams draining abandoned lead / zinc mines in central Wales: the Afon Twymyn Journal of Soils and Sediments, 10 :683-697 >DOI >Public Url

Conference publication

Frau I, Wylie S, Byrne P, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Mason A. 2019. Continuous Detection of Copper and Bromide in Polluted Water using f-EM Sensors 2018 Twelfth International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) :35-38

Frau I, Wylie S, Byrne PA, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Mason A. 2018. Screen-Printed f-EM Sensors based on two chelating-polymers and a metal oxide for the continuous detection of Cu ions in surface water Proceedings, Eurosensors 2018 2 :828-832 >DOI

Onnis P, Byrne PA, Hudson-Edwards KA, Stott T, Hunt C. 2018. Source Apportionment of Trace Metals Over a Range of Stream Flows Using a Multi-method Tracer Approach 11th ICARD-IMWA-MWD Conference – Risk to Opportunity 1 :843-843 >Link

Frau I, Wylie S, Byrne PA, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Mason A. 2018. New Sensing System Based on Electromagnetic Waves and Functionalised EM Sensors for Continuous Monitoring of Zn in Freshwater Proceedings of 11th ICARD-IMWA-MWD Conference – Risk to Opportunity, 11th ICARD-IMWA-MWD Conference – Risk to Opportunity 1 :1049-1056 >Link >Public Url

Frau I, Korostynska O, Byrne P, Mason A. 2018. Continuous monitoring of Zn in water with bismuth oxide thick-film using microwave and electric techniques Proceedings of the International Conference on Sensing Technology, ICST, 2017-December :1-6 >DOI

Frau I, Korostynska O, Byrne P, Mason A. 2017. Feasibility of In-Situ Quality Assessment of Zinc Contamination in Water 2017 IEEE FIRST UKRAINE CONFERENCE ON ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING (UKRCON), 1st IEEE Ukraine Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (UKRCON) :251-254 >Link

Korostynska O, Mason A, Byrne PA. 2016. The use of electromagnetic sensors to determine heavy metal content in mine waters SGEM 2016 Conference Proceedings, 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 1 :765-772 >DOI

Byrne PA, Zhang H, Heathwaite AL, Binley A, Ullah S, Kaeser D, Heppell K, Lansdown K, Trimmer M. 2013. Passive pore water sampling provides evidence of suppression of hyporheic exchange and nitrate transformation in a groundwater-fed river Lekkas TD. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology, 13th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology

Byrne PA, Reid I, Wood PJ. 2009. Short-term fluctuations in heavy metal concentrations during flood events through abandoned metal mines, with implications for aquatic ecology and mine water treatment Proceedings of the International Mine Water Conference, International Mine Water Conference :124-129 >Public Url

Chapters

Frau I, Wylie S, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Byrne PA, Mason A. 2019. Microwaves and functional materials: a novel method to continuously detect metal ions in water Mukhopadhyay S, Jayasundera KP, Postolache OA. Modern Sensing Technologies 29 :179-201 Springer. Cham 978-3-319-99540-3 >DOI

Report

Naftz DL, Fuller CC, Runkel RL, Briggs MA, Solder JE, Cain DJ, Short TM, Gardner WP, Byrne PA, Goble D. 2018. Hydrologic, biogeochemical, and radon data collected within and adjacent to the Little Wind River near Riverton, Wyoming U.S. Geological Survey data release >DOI >Link

Engagement & Impact

Research Grants Awarded:

Liverpool City Council, Runoff Water Analysis for Urban Greenup Project, Grant value (£): 14,280

British Council Newton Fund, A Procedure for Acid Mine Drainage Treatment Using Pervious Concrete - A systems analysis approach, with Darami Vandi Von Kallon (University of Johannesburg), Grant value (£): 20,000

Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), Developing environmental regulator capability in source apportionment and remediation of mine pollution, with Natural Resources Wales (NRW), Grant value (£): 37,034

U.S. Department of Energy, Identification and quantification of the interaction and potential impact of a legacy groundwater uranium plume with the Little Wind River, Riverton processing site, Wyoming, Grant value (£): 16,500

Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), Identification and characterization of nanoparticles as potential sources of trace metals in mining-impacted catchments, with Patrizia Onnis (Liverpool John Moores University); Karen Hudson-Edwards (Birkbeck, University of London), Grant value (£): Funded access to the SFTC Diamond Syncrotron

Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), Quantifying the role of nanoparticles in fluvial metal flux in mining-impacted catchments, with Karen Hudson-Edwards (Birkbeck, University of London); Patrizia Onnis (Liverpool John Moores University), Grant value (£): Funded access to the FENAC faclity

Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), Microfocus XAS investigations of the speciation of vanadium in tailings from the Mount Polley dam spill: Implications for catchment recovery, with Karen Hudson-Edwards (Birkbeck, University of London), Grant value (£): Funded access to the SFTC Diamond Syncrotron

Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), The long-term environmental impacts of the Mount Polley mine tailings spill and related clean-up operations, British Columbia, Canada, with Karen Hudson-Edwards (Birkbeck, University of London); Mark Macklin (Aberystwyth University); Paul Brewer (Aberystwyth University); Graham Bird (Bangor Unversity); Richard Williams (Aberystwyth University), Grant value (£): 64,950

Shropshire Wildlife Trust, Use of buffer strips for reducing water pollution in the Meres and Mosses, with Jane Fisher, Jason Kirby, Kostas Kiriakoulakis, (Liverpool John Moores University); David Atkinson (University of Liverpool); Donal Mullan (Queens University Belfast), Grant value (£): 63,857