Liverpool Skylilne

Natural Sciences and Psychology

Dr Peter Falkingham

Dr Peter Falkingham

Telephone: 0151 231 2140

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Biography

Lecturer in Vertebrate Biology

Please visit my personal website for my blog and a much clearer overview of my research and publications: https://pfalkingham.wordpress.com/

My primary research focus is on dinosaur locomotion and footprint formation. Specifically, how the foot and sediment interact, and how we can subsequently reverse-engineer their formation in order to constrain and understand the limb motion of these extinct animals.

By understanding the motion of substrate around a dynamically moving foot, it is possible to use tracks to constrain possible motions of the distal (and therefore proximal) limb. My work incorporates digitisation of fossil tracks and computer simulation as well as using data from extant taxa using XROMM techniques to study the sub-surface motion of the foot during locomotion.

In addition to my work on footprints, I’m also involved in other research areas including dinosaur biomechanics and taxonomy, development of digitsation techniques and applications, cambrian echinoderm hydrodynamics, and materials science, collaborating with scientists from the UK, USA, across Europe, Australia, and South America.

Languages

English

Degrees

2010, University of Manchester, United Kingdom, PhD Palaeontology - Computer Simulation of Dinosaur Tracks
2004, University of Bristol, United Kingdom, Computer Science MSc
2003, University of Bristol, UK, Biology and Geology BSc (Hons)

Academic appointments

Lecturer/Senior Lecturer Vertebrate Biology, Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, 2015 - present
Marie Curie Research Fellow, Comparative Biomedical Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, 2012 - 2015

Postgraduate training

Marie Curie International Outgoing Fellow, UK/USA, Royal Veterinary College/Brown University, 2012 - 2015

Publications

Highlighted publications

Crandell K, Howe R, Falkingham P. 2019. Repeated evolution of drag reduction at the air-water interface in diving kingfishers Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 16 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Novotny J, Tveite J, Turner M, Gatesy S, Drury F, Falkingham P, Laidlaw D. 2019. Developing Virtual Reality Visualizations for Unsteady Flow Analysis of Dinosaur Track Formation using Scientific Sketching IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 25 :2145-2154 DOI Author Url Public Url

Falkingham PL, Bates KT, Avanzini M, Bennett M, Bordy E, Breithaupt BH, Castanera D, Citton P, Díaz-Martinez I, Farlow JO, Fiorillo AR, Gatesy SM, Getty P, Hatala KG, Hornung JJ, Hyatt JA, Lallensack JN, Martin AJ, Marty D, Matthews NA, Meyer CA, Milán J, Minter NJ, Razzolini NL, Romilio A, Salisbury SW, Sciscio L, Tanaka I, Wiseman ALA, Xing LD, Belvedere M. 2018. A standard protocol for documenting modern and fossil ichnological data Palaeontology, 61 :469-480 DOI Author Url Public Url

Gatesy SM, Falkingham PL. 2017. Neither bones nor feet: track morphological variation and “preservation quality” Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, DOI Author Url Public Url

Basu C, Falkingham PL, Hutchinson JR. 2016. The extinct, giant giraffid Sivatherium giganteum – skeletal reconstruction and body mass estimation Biology Letters, DOI Author Url Public Url

Rahman I, Zamora S, Falkingham PL, Phillips JC. 2015. Cambrian cinctan echinoderms shed light on feeding in the ancestral deuterostome Journal of the Royal Society Proceedings B, DOI Author Url Public Url

Falkingham PL, Gatesy SM. 2014. The birth of a dinosaur footprint: Subsurface 3D motion reconstruction and discrete element simulation reveal track ontogeny Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111 :18279-18284 DOI Author Url Public Url

Falkingham PL, Bates KT, Farlow JO. 2014. Historical Photogrammetry: Bird's Paluxy River Dinosaur Chase Sequence Digitally Reconstructed as It Was prior to Excavation 70 Years Ago PLOS ONE, 9 DOI Author Url Public Url

Falkingham PL. 2014. Interpreting ecology and behaviour from the vertebrate fossil track record JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 292 :222-228 DOI Author Url

Journal article

Troelsen P, Wilkinson D, Seddighi M, Allanson D, Falkingham P. 2019. Functional Morphology and Hydrodynamics of Plesiosaur Necks: Does Size Matter? Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 39 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Crandell K, Howe R, Falkingham P. 2019. Repeated evolution of drag reduction at the air-water interface in diving kingfishers Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 16 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Novotny J, Tveite J, Turner M, Gatesy S, Drury F, Falkingham P, Laidlaw D. 2019. Developing Virtual Reality Visualizations for Unsteady Flow Analysis of Dinosaur Track Formation using Scientific Sketching IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 25 :2145-2154 DOI Author Url Public Url

Bates KT, Falkingham P. 2018. The importance of muscle architecture in biomechanical reconstructions of extinct animals: a case study using Tyrannosaurus rex Journal of Anatomy, DOI Author Url Public Url

Falkingham PL, Bates KT, Avanzini M, Bennett M, Bordy E, Breithaupt BH, Castanera D, Citton P, Díaz-Martinez I, Farlow JO, Fiorillo AR, Gatesy SM, Getty P, Hatala KG, Hornung JJ, Hyatt JA, Lallensack JN, Martin AJ, Marty D, Matthews NA, Meyer CA, Milán J, Minter NJ, Razzolini NL, Romilio A, Salisbury SW, Sciscio L, Tanaka I, Wiseman ALA, Xing LD, Belvedere M. 2018. A standard protocol for documenting modern and fossil ichnological data Palaeontology, 61 :469-480 DOI Author Url Public Url

Gatesy SM, Falkingham PL. 2017. Neither bones nor feet: track morphological variation and “preservation quality” Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, DOI Author Url Public Url

Davies TG, Rahman IA, Lautenschlager S, Cunningham JA, Asher RJ, Barrett PM, Bates KT, Bengston S, Benson RBJ, Boyer DM, Braga J, Bright JA, Claessens LPAM, Cox PG, Dong XP, Evans AR, Falkingham PL, Friedman M, Garwood RJ, Goswami A, Hutchinson JR, Jeffrey NS, Johanson Z, Lebrun R, Martínez-Pérez C, Marugán-Lobón J, O'Higgins PM, Metscher B, Orliac M, Rowe T, Rucklin M, Sánchez-Villagra MR, Shubin NH, Smith SY, Starck JM, Stringer C, Summers AP, Sutton MD, Walsh SA, Weisbecker V, Witmer LM, Wroe S, Yin Z, Rayfield E, Donoghue PCJ. 2017. Open data and digital morphology Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 284 :20170194-20170194 DOI Author Url Public Url

Xing L, Lockley MG, Klein H, Falkingham PL, Kim JY, McRea RT, Zhang J, Persons IV WS, Wang T, Wang Z. 2016. First early Jurassic small ornithischian tracks from Yunnan Province, Southwestern China PALAIOS, 31 :516-524 DOI Public Url

Falkingham PL, Horner AM. 2016. Trackways Produced by Lungfish During Terrestrial Locomotion Scientific Reports, 6 DOI Public Url

Klein H, Wizevich MC, Thuring B, Marty D, Thuring S, Falkingham PL, Meyer CA. 2016. Triassic chirotheriid footprints from the Swiss Alps: ichnotaxonomy and depositional environment (Cantons Wallis & Glarus) Swiss Journal of Palaeontology, 135 :295-314 DOI Public Url

Basu C, Falkingham PL, Hutchinson JR. 2016. The extinct, giant giraffid Sivatherium giganteum – skeletal reconstruction and body mass estimation Biology Letters, DOI Author Url Public Url

Bates KT, Mannion PD, Falkingham PL, Brusatte S, Hutchinson JR, Otero A, Sellers WI, Sullivan C, Stevens K, Allen V. 2016. Temporal and phylogenetic evolution of the sauropod dinosaur body plan Royal Society Open Science, DOI Author Url Public Url

Rahman I, Zamora S, Falkingham PL, Phillips JC. 2015. Cambrian cinctan echinoderms shed light on feeding in the ancestral deuterostome Journal of the Royal Society Proceedings B, DOI Author Url Public Url

Falkingham PL, Gatesy SM. 2014. The birth of a dinosaur footprint: Subsurface 3D motion reconstruction and discrete element simulation reveal track ontogeny Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111 :18279-18284 DOI Author Url Public Url

Bennett MR, Morse SA, Falldngham PL. 2014. Tracks made by swimming Hippopotami: An example from Koobi Fora (Turkana Basin, Kenya) PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, 409 :9-23 DOI Author Url

Maidment SCR, Bates KT, Falkingham PL, VanBuren C, Arbour V, Barrett PM. 2014. Locomotion in ornithischian dinosaurs: an assessment using three-dimensional computational modelling BIOLOGICAL REVIEWS, 89 :588-617 DOI Author Url

Razzolini NL, Vila B, Castanera D, Falkingham PL, Luis Barco J, Ignacio Canudo J, Manning PL, Galobart A. 2014. Intra-Trackway Morphological Variations Due to Substrate Consistency: The El Frontal Dinosaur Tracksite (Lower Cretaceous, Spain) PLOS ONE, 9 DOI Author Url Public Url

Falkingham PL, Bates KT, Farlow JO. 2014. Historical Photogrammetry: Bird's Paluxy River Dinosaur Chase Sequence Digitally Reconstructed as It Was prior to Excavation 70 Years Ago PLOS ONE, 9 DOI Author Url Public Url

Falkingham PL. 2014. Interpreting ecology and behaviour from the vertebrate fossil track record JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 292 :222-228 DOI Author Url

White MA, Falkingham PL, Cook AG, Hocknull SA, Elliott DA. 2013. Morphological comparisons of metacarpal I for Australovenator wintonensis and Rapator ornitholestoides: implications for their taxonomic relationships ALCHERINGA, 37 :435-441 DOI Author Url

Bates KT, Savage R, Pataky TC, Morse SA, Webster E, Falkingham PL, Ren L, Qian Z, Collins D, Bennett MR, McClymont J, Crompton RH. 2013. Does footprint depth correlate with foot motion and pressure? JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY INTERFACE, 10 DOI Author Url

Bennett MR, Falkingham PL, Morse SA, Bates KT, Crompton RH. 2013. Preserving the Impossible: Conservation of Soft-Sediment Hominin Footprint Sites and Strategies for Three-Dimensional Digital Data Capture PLoS ONE, :e60755-e60755 DOI Author Url Public Url

Castanera D, Vila B, Razzolini NL, Falkingham PL, Canudo JI, Manning PL, Galobart A. 2013. Manus Track Preservation Bias as a Key Factor for Assessing Trackmaker Identity and Quadrupedalism in Basal Ornithopods PLOS ONE, 8 DOI Author Url Public Url

Sellers WI, Hepworth-Bell J, Falkingham PL, Bates KT, Brassey CA, Egerton VM, Manning PL. 2012. Minimum convex hull mass estimations of complete mounted skeletons BIOLOGY LETTERS, 8 :842-845 DOI Author Url

Bates KT, Falkingham PL. 2012. Estimating maximum bite performance in Tyrannosaurus rex using multi-body dynamics BIOLOGY LETTERS, 8 :660-664 DOI Author Url

Falkingham PL, Bates KT, Mannion PD. 2012. Temporal and palaeoenvironmental distribution of manus- and pes-dominated sauropod trackways JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, 169 :365-370 DOI Author Url

Bates KT, Benson RBJ, Falkingham PL. 2012. A computational analysis of locomotor anatomy and body mass evolution in Allosauroidea (Dinosauria: Theropoda) PALEOBIOLOGY, 38 :486-507 DOI Author Url

Falkingham PL. 2012. Acquisition of high resolution three-dimensional models using free, open-source, photogrammetric software PALAEONTOLOGIA ELECTRONICA, 15 Author Url

Falkingham PL, Bates KT, Margetts L, Manning PL. 2011. The 'Goldilocks' effect: preservation bias in vertebrate track assemblages JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY INTERFACE, 8 :1142-1154 DOI Author Url

Farlow JO, O'Brien M, Kuban GJ, Datillo BF, Bates KT, Falkingham PL, Pinuela L, Rose A, Freels A, Kumagai C, Libben C, Smith J, Whitcraft J. 2011. Dinosaur tracksites of the Paluxy River Valley (Glen Rose Formation, Lower Cretaceous), Dinosaur Valley State Park, Sommervell County, Texas Proceedings of the V International Symposium about Dinosaur Palaeontology and their Environmen, :41-69

Falkingham PL, Bates KT, Margetts L, Manning PL. 2011. Simulating sauropod manus-only trackway formation using finite-element analysis BIOLOGY LETTERS, 7 :142-145 DOI Author Url

Falkingham PL, Margetts L, Manning PL. 2010. FOSSIL VERTEBRATE TRACKS AS PALEOPENETROMETERS: CONFOUNDING EFFECTS OF FOOT MORPHOLOGY PALAIOS, 25 :356-360 DOI Author Url

Bates KT, Falkingham PL, Rarity F, Hodgetts D, Purslow A, Manning PL. 2010. APPLICATION OF HIGH-RESOLUTION LASER SCANNING AND PHOTOGRAMMETRIC TECHNIQUES TO DATA ACQUISITION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION IN PALAEONTOLOGY Mills JP, Barber DM, Miller PE, Newton I. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ISPRS COMMISSION V MID-TERM SYMPOSIUM CLOSE RANGE IMAGE MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES, 38 :68-73 Author Url

Falkingham PL, Agenbroad LD, Thompson K, Manning PL. 2010. Bird Tracks at the Hot Springs Mammoth Site, South Dakota, USA ICHNOS-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR PLANT AND ANIMAL TRACES, 17 :34-39 DOI Author Url

Manning PL, Margetts L, Johnson MR, Withers PJ, Sellers WI, Falkingham PL, Mummery PM, Barrett PM, Raymont DR. 2009. Biomechanics of Dromaeosaurid Dinosaur Claws: Application of X-Ray Microtomography, Nanoindentation, and Finite Element Analysis ANATOMICAL RECORD-ADVANCES IN INTEGRATIVE ANATOMY AND EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY, 292 :1397-1405 DOI Author Url

Falkingham PL. 2009. Walking with dinosaurs Planet Earth, :12-13

Bates KT, Falkingham PL, Breithaupt BH, Hodgetts D, Sellers WI, Manning PL. 2009. HOW BIG WAS 'BIG AL'? QUANTIFYING THE EFFECT OF SOFT TISSUE AND OSTEOLOGICAL UNKNOWNS ON MASS PREDICTIONS FOR ALLOSAURUS (DINOSAURIA: THEROPODA) PALAEONTOLOGIA ELECTRONICA, 12 Author Url

Falkingham PL, Margetts L, Smith IM, Manning PL. 2009. Reinterpretation of palmate and semi-palmate (webbed) fossil tracks; insights from finite element modelling PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, 271 :69-76 DOI Author Url

Manning PL, Ott C, Falkingham PL. 2008. A probable tyrannosaurid track from the Hell Creek Formation (Upper Cretaceous), Montana, United States PALAIOS, 23 :645-647 DOI Author Url

Falkingham PL, Hage J, Bäker M. Mitigating the Goldilocks effect: the effects of different substrate models on track formation potential Royal Society Open Science, 1 :140225-140225 DOI Author Url Public Url

Bates KT, Falkingham PL, Macaulay S, Brassey C, Maidment SCR. Downsizing a giant: Re-evaluating Dreadnoughtus body mass Biology Letters, 11 DOI Author Url Public Url

Bennett MR, Morse SA, Falkingham PL. Tracks made by swimming Hippopotami: An example from Koobi Fora (Turkana Basin, Kenya) Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 409 :9-23 DOI Public Url

Falkingham PL. Low cost 3D scanning using off-the-shelf video gaming peripherals Journal of Paleontological Techniques, 11 :1-9 Public Url

Falkingham PL, Milán J, Manning PL. A crocodylian trace from the Lance Formation (Upper Cretaceous) of Wyoming New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin, 51 :171-174

Bates KT, Falkingham PL, Hodgetts D, Farlow JO, Breithaupt BH, O'Brien M, Matthews N, Sellers WI, Manning PL. Digital imaging and public engagement in palaeontology Geology Today, 25 :134-139 DOI

Bates KT, Breithaupt BH, Falkingham PL, Matthews NA, Hodgetts D, Manning PL. Integrated LiDAR & photogrammetric documentation of the Red Gulch dinosaur tracksite (Wyoming , USA) Proceedings of teh 8th Conference on Fossil Resources, :101-103

Xing L, Daqing L, Falkingham PL, Lockley M, Benton MJ, Klein H, Zhang J, Ran H, Persons IV WS, Dai H. Digit-only sauropod pes trackways from China – evidence of swimming or a preservational phenomenon? Scientific Reports, DOI Author Url Public Url

Farlow JO, Robinson NJ, Kumagai CJ, Paladino FV, Falkingham PL, Elsey RM, Martin AJ. Trackways of the American Crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) in Northwestern Costa Rica: Implications for Crocodylian Ichnology Ichnos, 25 :30-65 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Castanera D, Vila B, Razzolini NL, Falkingham PL, Canudo JI, Manning PL, Galobart À. Correction: Manus Track Preservation Bias as a Key Factor for Assessing Trackmaker Identity and Quadrupedalism in Basal Ornithopods. PloS one, 8 DOI

Lomax DR, Falkingham PL, Schweigert G, Jiménez AP. An 8.5 m long ammonite drag mark from the Upper Jurassic Solnhofen Lithographic Limestones, Germany PLOS ONE, 12 :e0175426-e0175426 DOI Author Url Public Url

Strickson E, Hutchinson J, Wilkinson D, Falkingham P. Can Skeletal Surface Area Predict in vivo Foot Surface Area? Journal of Anatomy, Public Url

Conference publication

Glasgow S, Troelsen P, Falkingham PL, Marek RD. 2019. Stretching Evolution: Regionalisation and Neck Elongation in Plesiosaurs INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE BIOLOGY, Annual Meeting of the Society-for-Integrative-and-Comparative-Biology (SICB) 59 :E321-E321 Author Url Public Url

Farlow JO, Robinson NJ, Paladino FV, Falkingham PL, Martin AJ. 2016. Trackways of the American crocodile, northwestern Costa Rica: implications for crocodylian ichnology. 131st Annual Meeting, Indiana Academy of Science, Abstracts, 131st Annual Meeting, Indiana Academy of Science :57-57

Farlow JO, Bates KT, Bonem RM, Dattilo BF, Falkingham PL, Gildner R, Jacene J, Kuban GJ, Martin AJ, O'Brien M, Whitcraft J. 2015. DINOSAUR FOOTPRINTS FROM THE GLEN ROSE FORMATION (PALUXY RIVER, DINOSAUR VALLEY STATE PARK, SOMERVELL COUNTY, TEXAS) Noto C. Society of Vertebrate Palaeontology Public Url

Falkingham PL, Gatesy SM. 2012. RECONSTRUCTING LIMB KINEMATICS OF SMALL BIPEDAL DINOSAURS TRAVERSING SEMI-FLUID SUBSTRATES JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, 72nd Annual Meeting of the Society-of-Vertebrate-Paleontology 32 :92-92 Author Url

Falkingham P, Bates K, Mannion P. 2011. EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS IN SAUROPOD BODY PLAN EXPRESSED IN FOSSIL TRACKS AND TRACKWAYS JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, 31 :107-107 Author Url

Falkingham P. 2009. DIVERSITY IN FOSSIL VERTEBRATE TRACK ASSEMBLAGES: PRESERVATIONAL BIAS DUE TO SEDIMENT CONSISTENCY AND ANIMAL MASS JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, 29 :93A-93A Author Url

Falkingham P, Margetts L, Manning P. 2008. USING FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS TO AID INTERPRETATION OF DINOSAUR TRACKS JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, 68th Annual Meeting of the Society-of-Vertebrate-Paleontology 28 :76A-76A Author Url

Falkingham P, Manning P, Margetts L. 2007. Finite element analysis of dinosaur tracks JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY, 27 :73A-73A Author Url

Farlow JO, Richards RL, Johnson BD, Falkingham PL. New fossil vertebrate specimens from the Pipe Creek Sinkhole (Grant County, Indiana) 130th Annual Meeting, Indiana Academy of Science, Program, 130th Annual Meeting, Indiana Academy of Science :38-38

Dataset

Falkingham P. 2018. Tridactyl Dinosaur track - Glen Rose, TX, USA DOI

Falkingham P. 2017. Swan Tracks + Trackway, Anglesey. Photos and photogrammetric models. DOI

Falkingham P. 2017. Photogrammetric reconstruction of Horse track in clay, Dee Estuary DOI

Falkingham P. 2017. Deep Dog Track, photogrammetric model, Dee Estuary DOI

Falkingham P. 2017. Shallow bird track in sand, Dee Estuary DOI

Falkingham P. 2017. Bird tracks in wet mud, 3D model + photos. DOI

Falkingham P. 2017. Dog and bird tracks in Mud: various sizes and depths DOI

Lomax D, Falkingham P, Schweigert G, Jiménez AP. 2017. 8.5 m Ammonite tool mark (trace fossil of shell drag) DOI

Falkingham P. 2017. Photogrammetric model + photos of quadrupedal squirrel trace DOI

Falkingham P. 2016. Bird footprints in snow DOI

Falkingham P. 2016. Dog footprints - skidding & Sliding DOI

Falkingham P. 2016. Deep dog and shallow human tracks DOI

Falkingham P. 2016. Human + Dog on cracked mud, Neston, UK DOI

Falkingham P. 2016. Bird Tracks soft mud Raby Wirral UK.zip DOI

Falkingham P. 2016. Rhino Tracks, Mud, Chester Zoo, UK DOI Author Url

Xing L, Falkingham P. 2016. Digit-only Sauropod Track Xing et al 2016 DOI Author Url

Falkingham P, Farlow J. 2016. Historical Photogrammetry - Bird's photos and digital reconstruction DOI Author Url

Falkingham P, Manning P, Ott C. 2016. Tyrannosaurid track, Wyoming, USA DOI Author Url Publisher Url

Falkingham P. 2015. Horse prints and raindrop impressions, sand. DOI

Falkingham P. 2015. Human Wellington Boot Mud.zip DOI

Other

Bates KT, Falkingham PL. 2018. Estimating maximum bite performance in Tyrannosaurus rex using multi-body dynamics (vol 8, 20120056, 2012) BIOLOGY LETTERS, 14 DOI Author Url

Falkingham P. 2017. Fossil Bird Track, Mammoth Site of Hot Springs DOI Author Url

Falkingham P, Milan J. 2017. Emu track and Undertracks in cement - photos + photogrammetric models. DOI Author Url

Chapters

Falkingham PL. 2016. Applying objective methods to subjective track outlines. Falkingham PL, Marty D, Richter A. Dinosaur Tracks: The Next Steps :72-80 Indiana University Press 978-0-253-02102-1

Falkingham PL, Marty D, Richter A. 2016. Introduction Falkingham PL, Marty D, Richter A. Dinosaur Tracks The Next Steps :2-11 Indiana University Press 9780253021021

Marty D, Falkingham PL, Richter A. 2016. Dinosaur Track Terminology: A Glossary of Terms Falkingham PL, Marty D, Richter A. Dinosaur Tracks The Next Steps :399-402 Indiana University Press 9780253021021

Milàn J, Falkingham PL. 2016. Experimental and comparative ichnology Dinosaur Tracks: The Next Steps :15-27 9780253021021

Manning PL, Falkingham PL. 2011. Science communication with dinosaurs Handbook of Research on Computational Science and Engineering: Theory and Practice :587-610 9781613501160 DOI

Manning PL, Falkingham PL. Science Communication with Dinosaurs Leng J, Sharrock W. Handbook of Research on Computational Science and Engineering: Theory and Practice :587-611 9781613501160 DOI

Book

Falkingham PL, Marty D, Richter A. 2016. Dinosaur Tracks The Next Steps Falkingham PL, Marty D, Richter A. 9780253021021

Software/Code

Budka M, Bakirov R, Deng S, Falkingham PL, Reynolds SC, Bennett MR. 2016. DigTrace Academic

Budka M, Bakirov R, Deng S, Falkingham PL, Reynolds S, Bennett M. 2016. DigTrace Pro

Thesis/Dissertation

Falkingham PL. Commputer simulation of dinosaur tracks Manning P, Margetts L.

Media

Falkingham P, Xing L. Xing et al 2016 Anomoepus.zip DOI Author Url

Engagement & Impact

Conference presentation:

WHY DID SOME QUADRUPEDAL DINOSAURS HAVE SMALL FRONT FEET?, SVP, Brisbane, Australia, Oral presentation. 2019

CT IMAGING OF DINOSAUR FOOTPRINTS: HIDDEN TOPOGRAPHY AND THE ORIGIN OF PENETRATIVE TRACK DIVERSITY, SVP, Brisbane, Australia, Oral presentation. 2019

Generating and testing hypothesis of dinosaur foot motions using 3d-digitized tracks and large-scale granular simulations., ICVM, Prague, Czech Republic, Oral presentation. 2019

No small feet: Investigating mass distribution and heteropody in the past and present., ICVM, Prague, Czech Republic., Oral presentation. 2019

Repeated evolution of drag reduction at the air-water interface in diving kingfishers, ICVM, Prague, Czech Republic., Oral presentation. 2019

The Surrogate Arm: Assessing factors influencing vertebral morphology in the avian cervical Spine., ICVM, Prague, Czech Republic, Oral presentation. 2019

Where does footprint morphology come from? Developing virtual reality visualizations for exploring dinosaur track formation, ICVM, Prague, Czech Republic., Oral presentation. 2019

A comparative analysis of the hydrodynamics of beak shape kingfishers, Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting, Tampa, Florida, USA, Oral presentation. 2019

Stretching Evolution: Regionalisation and Neck Elongation in Plesiosaurs, Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual meeting, Tampa, Florida, USA, Poster presentation. 2019

Developing Virtual Reality Visualizations of Dinosaur Track Creation with Scientific Skethcing, Vast Infovis SciVis (VIS) 2018, Berlin, Germany, Poster presentation. 2018

Where does footprint morphology come from? Integrating 3D methods for exploring dinosaur track formation, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, Oral presentation. 2018

An everyday tool: how the avian neck has adapted to (almost) every situation., Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, Manchester, UK, Oral presentation. 2018

Functional morphology and hydrodynamics of plesiosaur necks: Does size matter?, Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, Manchester, UK, Oral presentation. 2018

The implications of underfoot pressures and mass distribution for extreme heteropody, Society of Experimental Biology, Florence, Italy, Poster presentation. 2018

The surrogate arm: Analysing the role of regionalisation in the variation of the avian neck, Society of Exoerimental Biology, Florence, Italy, Oral presentation. 2018

Avian Subsurface Foot Kinematics on Deformable Substrates, Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology, San Francisco, CA, USA, Poster presentation. 2018

CT Imaging of Dinosaur Footprints: Hidden Topography and the Origin of Track Diversity, Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology, San Franscisco, CA, USA, Oral presentation. 2018

REGIONALISATION OF THE AVIAN CERVICAL COLUMN: A LINK BETWEEN MORPHOLOGY AND ECOLOGY, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Calgary, Canada, Poster presentation. 2017

GRABBING EVOLUTION BY THE THROAT: FUNCTIONAL REGIONALISATION OF THE AVIAN CERVICAL COLUMN, Symposium on Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, Birmingham, Poster presentation. 2017

PHILOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVES ON BIOMECHANICAL RECONSTRUCTIONS OF EXTINCT ANIMALS: A CASE STUDY USING TYRANNOSAURUS REX, Symposium on Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, Birmingham, Oral presentation. 2017

RANGE OF MOTION AND HYDRODYNAMIC IMPLICATIONS OF THE LONG- NECK IN PLESIOSAURS, Symposium on Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, Birmingham, Oral presentation. 2017

A re-analysis of the middle Pleistocene hominin-like footprints from Vértesszőlős, Hungary, British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology, Liverpool, Poster presentation. 2017

A RE-ANALYSIS OF ~350 KA HOMININ-LIKE FOOTPRINTS FROM VÉRTESSZOLOS, HUNGARY, EMPLOYING PHOTOGRAMMETRY AND 3D ANALYSIS., Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Calgary, Poster presentation. 2017

Can skeletal surface area predict in vivo foot surface area, Society of Experimental Biology, Sweden, Poster presentation. 2017

Grabbing evolution by the throat: Functional regionalisation of the avian cervical column, Society of Experimental Biology, Sweden, Poster presentation. 2017

Hydrodynamic implications of the long neck in plesiosaurs using computational fluid dynamics, Society of Experimental Biology, Gotenburg, Sweden, Poster presentation. 2017

Reconstructing moving morphology using RaspberryPi (PiROMM): Range of motion in ostrich cervical vertebrae at progressive stages of dissection, Society of Experimental Biology, Gotenburg, Sweden, Poster presentation. 2017

Foot Morphology or exit feature: A CT perspective on Hitchcock's Dinosaur Tracks, Symposium of Vertebrate Paleontology, Salt Lake City, UT, USA, Poster presentation. 2016

Footprints are neither bones nor feet: Problems with track "preservation" and the mold-based paradigm, Symposium of Vertebrate Paleontology, Salt Lake City, UT, USA, Poster presentation. 2016

The morphology of motion in sub-surface foot trajectories and fossil dinosaur tracks, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT, USA, Oral presentation. 2016

Trackways of the American Crocodile (Crocodylus Acutus), northwest Costa Rica: Implications for archosaurian ichnology, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT, USA, Poster presentation. 2016

Mobility and hydrodynamic implications for the long neck in plesiosaurs, Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, Liverpool, Poster presentation. 2016

Making footprints without feet: Modern terrestrial lungfish locomotion creates traces similar to those of early tetrapods., Society of Experimental Biology (SEB), Brighton, UK, Oral presentation. 2016

One Foot, Many Footprints: the Origin of Track Morphological Diversity, International Conference on Vertebrate Morphology (ICVM), Washington DC, USA, Poster presentation. 2016

The morphology of Motion: Sub-surface foot trajectories and fossil tracks, International Congress on Vertebrate Morphology (ICVM), Washington DC, USA, Poster presentation. 2016

Using extant taxa to inform studies of fossil footprints, European Geosciences Union, Vienna, Austria, Oral presentation. 2016

Using LIGGGHTS to investigate dinosaur footprint formation, 1st CF-DEM User Meeting, Linz, Austria, Oral presentation. 2016

Difficulties in estimating mass from fossil footprints, SVPCA, Southampton, Oral presentation. 2015

Estimating body mass of the extinct giraffid Sivatherium giganteum, using a skeletal reconstruction and the minimum convex hull method, SVPCA, Southampton, Poster presentation. 2015

Public engagement:

Earth Sciences department, Cambridge University, Talk for Sedgewick Society, University of Cambridge, Talk, Interest/students, 100, Invited speaker. 2019

Bangor University, Talk for Bangor Biological Society, Talk, Undergraduate/interested public, 70, Invited speaker, https://www.facebook.com/events/719496735076323. 2018

Birkenhead Academy High School, Talk at Birkenhead Academy, Public lecture, 16-19 + parents, ~40, Invited speaker. 2018

https://theconversation.com/footprint-fossils-suggest-lizards-have-been-running-on-two-feet-for-110m-years-91865, Article for the Conversation: Footprint fossils suggest lizards have been running on two feet for 110m years, Online article, General public, 1919, Author. 2018

https://theconversation.com/walking-fish-help-scientists-to-understand-how-we-left-the-ocean-91411, Article for The Conversation: ‘Walking’ fish help scientists to understand how we left the ocean, Article, Wider Public, 6467, Writer. 2018

Bangor University, Talk for Bangor University Biology Socity, Talk, Student society, 50+, Invited speaker. 2018

https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/w3cswvxr, BBC World Service Radio Programme - Crowd Science, Radio/New media, Global, up to 46 million (average listeners for BBC world Service), Expert, https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/w3cswvxr. 2018

https://pfalkingham.wordpress.com, Personal Website/Blog 2018, Blog/Website, General; technical; specialist, 129,892 views/46,420 unique visitors to 15/10/18, Author. 2018

https://pfalkingham.wordpress.com/, Personal Website/Blog 2017, Website/Blog, General/General science, 69,912 views / 26,265 unique visitors, Writer/Author, https://pfalkingham.wordpress.com/. 2017

Online, Palaeocast interview, Podcast, general public, >5000, Interviewee, Palaeocast is a monthly podcast series, http://www.palaeocast.com/episode-44-trackway-modelling/. 2015

Online, Palaeontology[Online], Online learning resource, General Public, > 4000 unique visitors per month, Editor/Contributor, http://www.palaeontologyonline.com/. 2011

Online, AskABiologist Specialist, Online public outreach forum, general public/you, >10,000, Specialist, http://www.askabiologist.org.uk/. 2010

Research Grants Awarded:

Palaeontological Association, Regionalization of cervical vertebrae in plesiosaurs, Grant value (£): £2192, Duration of research project: 8 weeks. 2018

Leverhulme, Bones in motion: A new integrated experimental-computational approach to understanding the evolution of human locomotion, Karl Bates, Kristian D'Aout, Grant value (£): 249045, Duration of research project: 3 years. 2017

EPSRC/NERC, Extrapolating ground reaction force from fossil dinosaur footprints, Grant value (£): 63,334.90, Duration of research project: 24 months. 2015

Company of Biologists, Digitizing archosaur tracks and traces, Grant value (£): 500. 2015

NERC, Integrated software solution for the 3-dimensional capture and analysis of footwear evidence, Bennett; Budka; Gabrys; Osselton, Grant value (£): 100k, Duration of research project: 12 months. 2014

NSF, Birth of a dinosaur track: Formation dynamics and the origin of footprint diversity., Gatesy, S.M. (PI), Grant value (£): $315,698, Duration of research project: 3 years. 2014

XSEDE, USING COMPUTER SIMULATION TO STUDY DINOSAUR BIOMECHANICS FROM FOSSIL FOOTPRINTS (TG-EAR140012), S.M. Gatesy, Grant value (£): 365768 SUs, Duration of research project: 18 Months. 2014

NSF, X-rays, 3D animation and human locomotion, Kevin Hatala, Stephen Gatesy, Grant value (£): $340,052.

Conference organisation:

Symposium of Palaeontological Preparation and Conservation, Organiser/Host, http://svpca.org/. 2016

Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, Host/Organiser. 2016

Progressive Palaeontology, http://www.palass.org/modules.php?name=propal&page=46. 2008

Other invited event:

European Geosciences Union Annual Meeting, Vienna, Austria, Invited speaker. 2016

Membership of professional bodies:

Member, European Geosciences Union. 2016

Member, Ichnological Association.

Member, Palaeontological Association.

Member, Society of Experimental Biology.

Member, Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology.

Member, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology.

Teaching qualification:

Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. 2015

Award:

General Biomechanics session Talk Prize, Society for Experimental Biology. 2013

Fellowships:

Marie Curie International Outgoing Fellowship, Royal Veterinary College, London. 2012

Editorial boards:

Journal of Paleontological Techniques, Scientific Editor, http://jpaleontologicaltechniques.org/. 2012

Palaeontology[Online], Commissioning Editor, http://www.palaeontologyonline.com/. 2011

Media Coverage:

http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2014/04/08/old-photos-piece-together-dinosaur-chase/, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-26851336, http://www.voanews.com/content/famous-dinosaur-chase-reconstructed-in-3-d-/1884888.html, Media coverage associate with the paper 'Historical Photogrammtery' publishing in PLOS ONE..

http://planetearth.nerc.ac.uk/news/story.aspx?id=1693, Media coverage associated with the Swimming Hippo Footprints paper published in Palaeo3 (Lead author: Bennett).

http://www.bristol.ac.uk/news/2016/february/sauropod-swimmers-or-walkers.html, http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2016/0219/Dinosaur-tracks-Why-would-a-four-footed-dino-leave-two-footed-prints, http://www.asianscientist.com/2016/02/in-the-lab/case-mysterious-missing-dinosaur-footprints/, Media coverage of Digit-only sauropod tracks from China.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3119221/Researchers-downgrade-biggest-dinosaur-Earth-say-dreadnoughtus-weighed-40-tons-26-metres-long.html, http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2015/06/09/new-paper-contests-the-hulking-bulk-of-dreadnaughtus-thought-the-worlds-heaviest-dinosaur/, http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/06/150609-dreadnoughtus-dinosaur-weight-downgraded-science, Media coverage for paper 'Downsizing a Giant'.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3395956/Bizarre-prehistoric-beast-cross-moose-giraffe-ELEPHANT-digitally-brought-life-using-3D-scans-fossilised-remains.html, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-35292660, http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v529/n7586/full/529259c.html, Media Coverage for Sivatherium reconstruction.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3808410/Do-fish-leave-FOOTPRINTS-Tracks-left-air-breathing-lungfish-help-unravel-animals-moved-land-360-million-years-ago.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490, Daily Mail article on Lungfish traces.

http://www.engadget.com/video-series/icymi/, http://phys.org/news/2016-03-scientists-evolution-largest-dinosaurs.html, https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160330085622.htm, Media coverage for Bates et al 2016.

http://www.forensicmag.com/news/2015/04/ancient-footprints-can-help-understand-modern-day-crime-scenes, https://www1.bournemouth.ac.uk/news/2015-04-21/how-ancient-footprints-can-help-us-understand-modern-day-crime-scenes, Coverage of the announcement that the NERC grant (PI Bennett, Bournemouth University) has been awarded funding..

http://www.livescience.com/59051-jurassic-creature-preserved-with-own-death-drag.html, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-39798147, News coverage on PLOS ONE ammonite paper.

http://www.theguardian.com/science/lost-worlds/2012/sep/11/academics-online, Blog post for the Gaurdian newspaper about the outreach site Palaeontology[Online].

https://knowridge.com/2017/07/how-did-plesiosaurs-swim-with-such-long-necks/, https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170705132908.htm, Media coverage of PhD student (Pernille Troelsen) work on Plesiosaur necks..

https://newswise.com/articles/the-secret-world-of-dinosaur-tracks-#.WlQ87NJXN6g.facebook, Coverage on Dinosaur track CT work.

https://sciencenode.org/feature/from-the-ground-up-resurrecting-dinosaurs-from-their-footprints.php, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-23220073, http://www.foxnews.com/science/2014/12/08/secrets-dinosaur-footprints-revealed-in-bird-x-rays/, Media coverage on the 2014 paper "The Birth of a Dinosaur Track" published in PNAS.

External collaboration:

Brown University, Stephen Gatesy.

Liverpool University, Karl Bates.

Royal Veterinary College, John Hutchinson.