Liverpool Skylilne

School of Biological and Environmental Sciences

Dr Emily Bethell

Dr Emily Bethell

Telephone: 0151 231 2488

website
ORCID

Biography

My research focus is primate social cognition and behaviour: what monkeys and apes can tell us about human evolution, and the implications of similarities and differences in cognitive processes for understanding and improving psychological wellbeing of primates in captivity.

I am also interested in developing new methods to assess emotion across animal species.

Degrees

2009, Roehampton University, United Kingdom, PhD

Publications

Highlighted publications

Bethell E, Cassidy LC, Brockhausen RR, Pfefferle D. 2019. Toward a Standardised Test of Fearful Temperament in Primates: a Sensitive Alternative to the Human Intruder Task for Laboratory-Housed Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta) Frontiers in Psychology, 10 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2016. Emotion evaluation and response slowing in a non-human primate: New directions for cognitive bias measures of animal welfare Behavioral Sciences, 6 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bethell EJ. 2015. A “How-To” Guide for Designing Judgment Bias Studies to Assess Captive Animal Welfare Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, S18 :18-42 DOI Author Url Public Url

Prescott M, Bethell EJ, Kemp C. 2015. NC3Rs Macaque website Author Url Publisher Url

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2012. Cognitive bias in a non-human primate: Husbandry procedures influence cognitive indicators of psychological well-being in captive rhesus macaques Animal Welfare, 21 :185-195 DOI Author Url Public Url

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, Maclarnon A, Semple S. Evidence that emotion mediates social attention in rhesus macaques. PLoS One, 7 :e44387 DOI Author Url Public Url

Conference publication

Bethell EJ. 2019. PR special section. Workshop: Cognitive affective biases - from mechanisms to disease symptoms. Tomaszowice, Krakow, Poland, May 13-17, 2019 Abstracts PHARMACOLOGICAL REPORTS, 71 :1308-1308 Author Url

Crump A, Jenkins K, Bethell EJ, Ferris CP, Kabboush H, O'Connell NE, Weller J, Arnott G. 2019. PR special section. Workshop: Cognitive affective biases - from mechanisms to disease symptoms. Tomaszowice, Krakow, Poland, May 13-17, 2019 Abstracts PHARMACOLOGICAL REPORTS, 71 :1308-1308 Author Url

Cronin KA, Bethell EJ, Jacobson SL, Ross SR. 2018. RESPONSE SPEED ON A SIMPLE TOUCHSCREEN TASK AS A WELFARE INDICATOR: A STUDY OF ZOO-HOUSED JAPANESE MACAQUES AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY, 40th Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Primatologists 80 Author Url

Curran R, Crump A, Engelhardt A, Bethell EJ. 2017. Developing Attention Bias Tasks as a Welfare Indicator for Sulawesi Crested Macaques Primate Eye, Primate Society of Great Britain 50th Anniversary 123 :40-40

Howarth E, Engelhardt A, Wilding C, Bethell EJ. 2017. Attention Bias: A New Tool for Welfare Assessment in Captive Rhesus Primate Eye, Primate Society of Great Britain 50th Anniversary 123 :46-46

Folashade O, Llorente M, Bethell EJ. 2016. The effect of cognitive enrichment on the welfare of sanctuary-housed chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Folia Primatologica, 5th Iberian Primatological Conference 87 :148-148

Bethell EJ. 2016. Comparative Cognition and Animal Welfare Science: attention bias methods for assessing animal psychological wellbeing INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 51 :575-575 Author Url

Bethell EJ, Prescott M. 2016. The Macaque Website PrimateEye, Primate Society of Great Britain Spring Conference 199 :30-30

Mandalaywala TM, Bethell EJ, Parker KJ, Maestripieri D. 2015. Negativity bias in free-ranging infant rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) on Cayo Santiago, Puerto Rico American Journal of Primatology, 36th Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Primatologists 75 :43-43

Kemp C, Bethell EJ, MacLarnon A, Holmes A, Semple S. 2015. Attention Bias: a novel method to assess psychological wellbeing in group housed primates Primate Eye, PSGB Spring Meeting 2015 116 :18-18

Arbuckle K, Nichols H, Wich S, Bethell EJ. 2015. LJMU R workshop 2015 R workshop

Bethell E, Kemp C, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2015. Quantitative Approaches to the Study of Emotions in Non-Human Primates: Lessons from Human Cognitive Neuroscience FOLIA PRIMATOLOGICA, 86 :247-247 Author Url

Richards A, Holmes A, Pell P, Bethell EJ. Adapting effects of emotional expression in anxiety: evidence for an enhanced Late Positive Potential Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 8 DOI Author Url

Cronin K, Bethell EJ, Jacobson S, Ross SR. Response Slowing on a simple touchscreen task as an indicator of primate welfare: a study of zoo-housed Japanese macaques American Society of Primatologists

Kemp C, Bethell EJ. Measuring psychological well-being in captive rhesus macaques: attention bias http://behaviour-2015.m.asnevents.com.au/schedule/session/6854/abstract/24936, Behaviour Author Url

Kemp C, Bethell EJ. Attending to Affective State: Attention Bias as a Measure of Psychological Welfare in Rhesus Macaques International Society for Applied Ethology

Bethell E. PR special section. Workshop: Cognitive affective biases - from mechanisms to disease symptoms. Tomaszowice, Krakow, Poland, May 13-17, 2019 Abstracts. DOI

Crump A, Bethell E. Is the grass half-full? Investigating optimism as a welfare indicator for dairy cows with and without pasture-access. PR special section. Workshop: Cognitive affective biases - from mechanisms to disease symptoms. Tomaszowice, Krakow, Poland, May 13-17, 2019 Abstracts DOI

Journal article

Crump A, Bethell E, Arnott G. 2019. Pasture Access Affects Behavioral Indicators of Wellbeing in Dairy Cows Animals, 9 DOI Author Url Public Url

Bethell E, Cassidy LC, Brockhausen RR, Pfefferle D. 2019. Toward a Standardised Test of Fearful Temperament in Primates: a Sensitive Alternative to the Human Intruder Task for Laboratory-Housed Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta) Frontiers in Psychology, 10 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bethell E, Kemp C, Thatcher H, Schroeder J, Arbuckle K, Farningham D, Witham C, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2019. Heritability and maternal effects on social attention during an attention bias task in a non-human primate, Macaca mulatta EcoEvoRxiv Preprints, DOI

Crump A, Arnott G, Bethell EJ. 2018. Affect-Driven Attention Biases as Animal Welfare Indicators: Review and Methods Animals, 8 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Cronin K, Bethell EJ, Jacobson S, Egelkamp C, Hopper L, Ross S. 2018. Evaluating Mood Changes in Response to Anthropogenic Noise with a Response-Slowing Task in Three Species of Zoo-housed Primates Animal Behavior & Cognition, 5 Public Url

Kemp C, Thatcher H, Farningham D, Witham C, MacLarnon A, Holmes A, Semple S, Bethell EJ. 2017. A protocol for training group-housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) to cooperate with husbandry and research procedures using positive reinforcement Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 197 :90-100 DOI Author Url Public Url

Lyons MT, Brewer G, Bethell EJ. 2017. Sex-Specific Effect of Recalled Parenting on Affective and Cognitive Empathy in Adulthood Current Psychology, 36 DOI Author Url Public Url

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2016. Emotion evaluation and response slowing in a non-human primate: New directions for cognitive bias measures of animal welfare Behavioral Sciences, 6 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bethell EJ. 2015. A “How-To” Guide for Designing Judgment Bias Studies to Assess Captive Animal Welfare Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, S18 :18-42 DOI Author Url Public Url

Bethell EJ, Koyama NF. 2015. Happy hamsters? Enrichment induces positive judgement bias for mildly (but not truly) ambiguous cues to reward and punishment in Mesocricetus auratus Royal Society Open Science, 2 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Jonason PK, Lyons M, Bethell EJ. 2014. The making of Darth Vader: Parent–child care and the Dark Triad Personality and Individual Differences, 67 :30-34 DOI Author Url

Richards A, Holmes A, Pell P, Bethell EJ. 2013. Adapting effects of emotional expression in anxiety: Evidence for an enhanced Late Positive Potential Social Neuroscience, 8 :650-664 DOI Public Url

Jonason PK, Lyons M, Bethell EJ, Ross R. 2013. Different routes to limited empathy in the sexes: Examining the links between the Dark Triad and empathy Personality and Individual Differences, 54 :572-576 DOI

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, MacLarnon A, Semple S. 2012. Cognitive bias in a non-human primate: Husbandry procedures influence cognitive indicators of psychological well-being in captive rhesus macaques Animal Welfare, 21 :185-195 DOI Author Url Public Url

Bethell EJ, Whiten A, Muhumuza G, Kakura J. 2000. Active plant food division and sharing by wild chimpanzees Primate Report, 56 :67-71

Bethell EJ, Holmes A, Maclarnon A, Semple S. Evidence that emotion mediates social attention in rhesus macaques. PLoS One, 7 :e44387 DOI Author Url Public Url

Bethell EJ, Vick S-J, Bard KA. Measurement of eye-gaze in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) American Journal of Primatology, 69 :562-575 DOI Author Url

Bethell EJ, Semple S, MacLarnon A, Holmes A. The effect of emotion state on responses to social stimuli by rhesus macaques Primate Eye, 92 :5-6

Bethell EJ, Waller BM. Altruism or cooperation in captive chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes? Folia Primatologica, 76 :242-244 DOI Author Url

Dataset

Witham C, Bethell E. 2019. The Macaque Stimulus Set DOI Publisher Url

Editorial/letter to the editor

Bethell EJ, Dean L, Smith A, Bearder SK. 2018. Celebrating 50 years of the Primate Society of Great Britain Evolutionary Anthropology, 27 :74-77 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Bethell EJ. 2016. Color Red Shackelford TK, Weekes-Shackelfrod VA. :1-3 DOI

Poster

Bethell EJ, Prescott MJ. 2016. The Macaque website: a NC3Rs resource for those working with captive macaques Primate Society of Great Britain spring conference

Bethell EJ. 2015. Attention bias: a novel method to assess ‘psychological wellbeing’ in group-housed macaques NC3Rs Primate Welfare Meeting

Other

Bethell EJ. 2016. A “How-To” Guide for Designing Judgment Bias Studies to Assess Captive Animal Welfare (Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 18(Supplement 1), (2015), S18-S42) Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 19 :99 DOI Author Url

Internet publication

Prescott M, Bethell EJ, Kemp C. 2015. NC3Rs Macaque website Author Url Publisher Url

Book

Bethell E, Milsom C. 2014. Posters and Presentations :1-144 Palgrave Macmillan. London 9781137357083 Publisher Url

Williams K, Bethell EJ, Lawton J, Parfitt-Brown C, Richardson M, Rowe V. 2011. Completing your PhD Palgrave MacMillan. London 978-0230292819 Publisher Url

Williams K, Bethell E, Lawton J, Parfitt C, Richardson M, Rowe V. Planning Your PhD Palgrave MacMillan 9780230251939 Publisher Url

Engagement & Impact

Highlighted activities

Conference organisation:

Primate Society of Great Britain 50th anniversary conference, Chair of Organising Committee. 2015

Research Grants Awarded:

NC3Rs Pilot Grant Proposal Scheme, Attention Bias: A novel method to assess psychological wellbeing in group-housed non-human primates, Dr Stuart Semple, Dr Amanda Holmes, Professor Ann MacLarnon, Grant value (£): 75000, Duration of research project: 1 year. 2013

Professional activities

Research Grants Awarded:

ECOST-STSM-CA15131-45030, Gut-brain axis and welfare in macaques, Grant value (£): 2500, Duration of research project: 3 months. 2019

ERASMUS, Staff Mobility to Darmstadt Vivarium, Germany, Grant value (£): 1395, Duration of research project: 3 months. 2019

Primate Society of Great Britain, A first investigation of hormonal correlates of attention bias in captive rhesus macaques, Emmeline Howarth, Grant value (£): 800, Duration of research project: 36 months. 2018

DPZ Visiting Researcher Travel Grant, Refinement of welfare measures for laboratory housed macaques, Dr Dana Pfefferle, Grant value (£): 2265, Duration of research project: 6 months. 2018

DPZ, Germany, Development, validation, and implementation of robust methods to assess primate welfare in the laboratory., Dr Dana Pfefferle, Grant value (£): 1845, Duration of research project: 4 months. 2017

Venus International matched funds with LJMU, Laboratory Macaque welfare Knowledge Exchange, Grant value (£): 800, Duration of research project: 1 week. 2017

LJMU Staff Development Fund, BBSRC Grant Writing Workshop and conference attendance, Grant value (£): 200, Duration of research project: 3 days. 2017

COST-STSM-CA15131-36153, Knowledge exchange and training in novel practical methods to assess primate welfare, Dr Dana Pfefferle, Grant value (£): 2000, Duration of research project: 6 months. 2017

LJMU Robin Leatherbarrow PhD Studentship, Attention bias as a novel measure of non-human primate welfare, Grant value (£): 80,000, Duration of research project: 3 years. 2016

NC3Rs (FEC), Group-housed training of a breeding colony of rhesus macaques Macaca mulatta, Grant value (£): 40,000, Duration of research project: 1 year. 2015

NC3Rs Pilot Grant Proposal Scheme, Attention Bias: A novel method to assess psychological wellbeing in group-housed non-human primates, Dr Stuart Semple, Dr Amanda Holmes, Professor Ann MacLarnon, Grant value (£): 75000, Duration of research project: 1 year. 2013

LJMU ECR Fellowship, Collaboration with University of Chicago and Duke University, US., Professor Dario Maestripieri; Dr Lauren Brent, Grant value (£): 3000, Duration of research project: 3 months. 2013

University of Chicago, Scoping visit to plana study of social attention in macaques at the Caribbean Primate Research Centre., Grant value (£): 1000, Duration of research project: 3 months. 2011

Conference organisation:

European Conference for Behavioural Biology, Organising Committee, https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/conferences/ecbb. 2018

PSGB Spring meeting 2018, PSGB Meetings Organiser. 2018

Primate Society of Great Britain Spring Conference 2017, PSGB Meetings Organiser. 2017

Primate Society of Great Britain spring conference 2016, Scientific Meetings Coordinator for the PSGB, http://www.psgb.org/. 2016

Primate Society of Great Britain 50th anniversary conference, Chair of Organising Committee. 2015

Conference presentation:

Invited Seminar Seker, Gottingen University Seminar Series, DPZ, Gottingen, Germany, Oral presentation. 2018

Invited Seminar Speaker, Queens Belfast Seminar, Queens Belfast, Oral presentation. 2018

Invited Semina Speaker, Imperial College Seminar, Imperial College. Silwood Campus, London, Oral presentation. 2017

Invited Keynote, Venus International, India, Oral presentation. 2017

Invited: Measuring animal emotions, International congress for Psychology, Japan, Oral presentation. 2016

Invited speaker: 3Rs in primate research, LJMU Postgraduate Research Day, LJMU, Oral presentation. 2016

Introduction to the Liverpool League of Animal Behaviour Scientists, LivLABS, Liverpool, Oral presentation. 2016

Cognitive bias - methods for measuring emotion in zoo animals, European Federation for Primatology, Rome, Italy, Oral presentation. 2015

Measuring psychological well-being in captive rhesus macaques: attention bias, Behaviour, Australia, Oral presentation. 2015

Effects of a habituation regime on attention bias for veterinary stimuli in macaques, Primate Society of Great Britain spring conference, Roehampton, London, Poster presentation. 2015

What is neutral? Attention bias for facial expressions in macaques, Primate Society of Great Britain spring conference, Roehampton, London, Poster presentation. 2015

Invited: Attention bias a cross species comparison, Experimental Psychology Society, Newcastle, Oral presentation. 2014

Attention bias: developing a methods to asses wellbeing in macaque breeding facilities, NC3RS Primate Welfare workshop, London, Oral presentation. 2014

Award:

Outstanding Scientist Award for contributions to field of primate behaviour and cognition, Venus International, https://venusinfo.org/research/arm/2017/info.html. 2017

Best Teaching Team, LJMU Student Union. 2011

Best Student Presentation, Primate Society of Great Britain. 2007

Honourable mention in student competition for best talk, Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. 2007

External PGR examinations performed:

University of Melbourne, Australia, PhD, Attention bias in fish. 2017

University of Newcastle, MPhil, Assessing the 3Rs value of automated positive reinforcement training for laboratory non-human primates. 2015

Editorial boards:

Frontiers in Psychology, Review Editor in Comparative Psychology, http://journal.frontiersin.org/journal/psychology#editorial-board. 2015

External committees:

50th anniversary conference organising committee, Primate Society of Great Britain, Chair of Organising Committee. 2015

PSGB Scientific Meetings Coordinator, PSGB. 2015

Captive Care Working Party, Primate Society of Great Britain, member, http://www.psgb.org/. 2015

Other invited event:

Invited symposium speaker: European Federation of Primatology 2015, Rome, Invited speaker. 2015

Psychology Research Seminar, Stirlin University, Invited speaker. 2015

Zoo Animal Welfare Symposium, Detroit Zoological Society, Detroit, USA, Invited speaker. 2014

Experimental Psychology Society, Newcastle University, Invited speaker. 2014

University of Stirling Psychology Seminar Series, University of Stirling, Invited seminar speaker - psychology Department, Stirling. 2012

Birkbeck College Seminar Series, Birkbeck College, London, Invited paper. 2010

NC3Rs Primate Welfare meeting, London, UK, Invited paper presented. 2010

University College London Anthropology seminar series, UCL, London, Invited paper presented. 2010

Fellowships:

LJMU ECR Fellowship, Liverpool John Moores University. 2013

Membership of professional bodies:

Member, Universities Federation of Animal Welfare. 2004

Member, Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. 2000

Animal Welfare Research Network, Member.

Member, Association for Psychological Science.

Member, Primate Society of Great Britain.

Media Coverage:

http://how-to-tell-if-a-hamster-is-truly-happy-150727.htm/, Daily Mail.

http://naked_scientists_popup_player.html/, http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/science/article4511221.ece, http://www.liverpoolecho.co.uk/news/liverpool-news/happiness-hamster-hammock-according-liverpool-9741072, Media/radio coverage of Royal Society paper 2015 the Times, BBC Radio, Liverpool Echo.

http://news.discovery.com/animals/how-to-tell-if-a-hamster-is-truly-happy-150727.htm, Discovery Magazine.

http://news.sciencemag.org/biology/2015/07/how-tell-if-your-hamster-happy, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3178093/Happiness-swing-hammock-hamster-Rodents-need-scamper-play-swing-boost-mood.html, Media coverage of Royal Soc paper 2015 in Science, Discovery, Daily Mail.

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2015/07/28/hamster-mood-angry-study/30803989/, http://metro.co.uk/2015/07/29/hamsters-are-more-optimistic-when-theyve-got-a-hammock-study-finds-5317078/, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/how-to-tell-if-your-hamster-is-happy_55b91079e4b0074ba5a7247f, Media coverage of Royal Society paper 2015: Metro, USA Today, Huffington Post.