Liverpool Skylilne

Sport and Exercise Sciences

Dr David Tod

Dr David Tod

Telephone: 0151 904 6241

ORCID

Biography

Dr David Tod is an academic member of staff with teaching duties. David’s research focuses on sport psychologist expertise development, training, and supervision. David teaches on the sport psychology, sport and exercise science, and strength and conditioning degrees. David is an associate editor for The Sport Psychologist and the International Review for Sport and Exercise Psychology. David is a committee member for the British Psychological Society’s Division of Sport and Exercise Psychology.

Degrees

Victoria University, Australia, PhD
Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom, MSc (Sport Psychology)
University of Otago, New Zealand, MPhEd
University of Otago, New Zealand, BPhEd

Academic appointments

Lecturer in Sport Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, 2014 - present

Publications

Journal article

Slimani M, Paravlic AH, Mbarek F, Bragazzi NL, Tod D. 2020. The relationship between physical activity and quality of life during the confinement induced by COVID-19 outbreak: a pilot study in Tunisia Frontiers in Psychology, section Movement Science and Sport Psychology, DOI Public Url

Champ FM, Nesti MS, Ronkainen NJ, Tod DA, Littlewood MA. 2020. An Exploration of the Experiences of Elite Youth Footballers: The Impact of Organizational Culture Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 32 :146-167 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Gunnell K, Poitras V, Tod D. 2020. Questions and answers about conducting systematic reviews in sport and exercise psychology International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Pullinger SA, Cocking S, Robertson CM, Tod D, Doran DA, Burniston JG, Varamenti E, Edwards B. 2019. Time-of-day variation on performance measures in repeated-sprint tests: A systematic review. Chronobiology International: the journal of biological and medical rhythm research, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

McEwan H, Eubank M, Tod D. 2019. The Rocky Road to Individuation: Sport Psychologists’ Perspectives on Professional Development Psychology of Sport and Exercise, DOI Author Url Public Url

Bates G, Begley E, Tod D, Jones L, Leavey C, McVeigh J. 2019. A systematic review investigating the behaviour change strategies in interventions to prevent misuse of anabolic steroids. Journal of Health Psychology, 24 :1595-1612 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Tod D, Hardy J, Lavallee D, Eubank M, Ronkainen N. 2019. Practitioners’ Narratives Regarding Active Ingredients in Service Delivery: Collaboration-Based Problem Solving Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 43 :350-358 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Dunne D, Lefevre C, Cunniffe B, Tod D, Close GL, Morton JP, Murphy R. 2019. Performance Nutrition in the Digital Era – An exploratory study into the use of Social Media by Sports Nutritionists Journal of Sports Sciences, 37 :2467-2474 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Champ F, Ronkainen N, Nesti MS, Tod D, Littlewood M. 2019. ‘Through the lens of ethnography’: Perceptions, challenges, and experiences of an early career practitioner-researcher in professional football Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, DOI Public Url

Drew K, Morris R, Tod D, Eubank M. 2019. A meta-study of qualitative research on the junior-to-senior transition in sport Psychology of Sport and Exercise, :101556-101556 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Sille R, Ronkainen N, Tod D. 2019. Experiences leading elite motorcycle road racers to participate at the Isle of Man Tourist Trophy (TT): An existential perspective Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Ronkainen NJ, Ryba TV, Tod D. 2019. ‘Don’t ever mix God with sports’: Christian religion in athletes’ stories of life transitions Sport in Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Kadri A, Slimani M, Bragazzi NL, Tod D, Azaiez F. 2019. Effect of taekwondo practice on cognitive function in adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Slimani M, Znazen H, Bragazzi NL, Zguira MS, Tod D. 2018. The Effect of Mental Fatigue on Cognitive and Aerobic Performance in Adolescent Active Endurance Athletes: Insights from a Randomized Counterbalanced, Cross-Over Trial Journal of Clinical Medicine, 7 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Forshaw MJ, Tod DA, Eubank MR. 2018. Conducting a systematic review: demystification for trainees in health psychology. Health Psychology Update, 27 (2) :24-31 Publisher Url Public Url

Slimani M, Bragazzi N, Znazen H, Paravlic A, Azaiez F, Tod DA. 2018. Psychosocial predictors and psychological prevention of soccer injuries: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature Physical Therapy in Sport, 32 :293-300 DOI Author Url Public Url

Bates G, Tod D, Leavey C, McVeigh J. 2018. An evidence-based socioecological framework to understand men’s use of anabolic androgenic steroids and inform interventions in this area Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, DOI Author Url Public Url

Paravlic AH, Slimani M, Tod D, Marusic U, Milanovic Z, Pisot R. 2018. Effects and Dose–Response Relationships of Motor Imagery Practice on Strength Development in Healthy Adult Populations: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Sports Medicine, 48 :1165-1187 DOI Author Url Public Url

Tod DA, Eubank ME, (Vana) Hutter RI. 2017. Professional Development for Sport Psychology Practice Current Opinion in Psychology, 16 :134-137 DOI Author Url Public Url

Hammoudi-Nassib S, Nassib S, Chtara M, Briki W, Chaouachi A, Tod D, Chamari K. 2017. EFFECTS OF PSYCHING-UP ON SPRINT PERFORMANCE JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 31 :2066-2074 DOI Author Url

Morris R, Tod D, Eubank MR. 2017. From Youth Team to First Team: An Investigation into the Transition Experiences of Young Professional Athletes in Soccer International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 15 :523-539 DOI Public Url

Tod D, Eubank MR. 2017. Conducting a systematic review: Demystification for trainees in sport and exercise psychology Sport and Exercise Psychology Review, 13 :64-71 Publisher Url Public Url

Ofori PK, Tod D, Lavallee D. 2017. Predictors of superstitious beliefs JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY IN AFRICA, 27 :1-12 DOI Author Url

Gustafsson H, Lundqvist C, Tod D. 2016. Cognitive behavioral intervention in sport psychology: A case illustration of the exposure method with an elite athlete Journal of Sport Psychology in Action, 8 :152-162 DOI Public Url

Chandler C, Eubank M, Nesti M, Tod D. 2016. Personal Qualities of Effective Sport Psychologists: Coping with Organisational Demands in High Performance Sport. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 47 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Morris R, Tod DA, Oliver EJ. 2016. An Investigation into Stakeholders’ Perceptions of the Youth-to-Senior Transition in Professional Soccer in the United Kingdom Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, DOI Author Url Public Url

O'Halloran L, Littlewood MA, Richardson D, Tod D, Nesti MS. 2016. Doing descriptive phenomenological data collection in sport psychology research Sport in Society, DOI Author Url Public Url

Ofori PK, Tod D, Lavallee D. 2016. An exploratory investigation of superstitious behaviours, coping, control strategies, and personal control in Ghanaian and British student-athletes International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, :1-17 DOI Author Url

Tod D, Edwards C, McGuigan M, Lovell G. 2015. A Systematic Review of the Effect of Cognitive Strategies on Strength Performance SPORTS MEDICINE, 45 :1589-1602 DOI Author Url Public Url

Tod D, Edwards C. 2015. Relationships among muscle dysmorphia characteristics, body image quality of life, and coping in males JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND MEDICINE IN SPORT, 18 :585-589 DOI Author Url Public Url

Morris R, Tod D, Oliver E. 2015. An Analysis of Organizational Structure and Transition Outcomes in the Youth-to-Senior Professional Soccer Transition JOURNAL OF APPLIED SPORT PSYCHOLOGY, 27 :216-234 DOI Author Url Public Url

McEwan HE, Tod D. 2015. Learning Experiences Contributing to Service-Delivery Competence in Applied Psychologists: Lessons for Sport Psychologists JOURNAL OF APPLIED SPORT PSYCHOLOGY, 27 :79-93 DOI Author Url Public Url

Tod D, Edwards C. 2015. A meta-analysis of the drive for muscularity's relationships with exercise behaviour, disordered eating, supplement consumption, and exercise dependence INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 8 :185-203 DOI Author Url Public Url

Thomas A, Tod DA, Edwards CJ, McGuigan MR. 2014. DRIVE FOR MUSCULARITY AND SOCIAL PHYSIQUE ANXIETY MEDIATE THE PERCEIVED IDEAL PHYSIQUE MUSCLE DYSMORPHIA RELATIONSHIP JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 28 :3508-3514 DOI Author Url

Hammoudi-Nassib S, Chtara M, Nassib S, Briki W, Hammoudi-Riahi S, Tod D, Chamari K. 2014. TIME INTERVAL MODERATES THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PSYCHING-UP AND ACTUAL SPRINT PERFORMANCE JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 28 :3245-3254 DOI Author Url Public Url

Owton H, Bond K, Tod D. 2014. "It's My Dream to Work With Olympic Athletes": Neophyte Sport Psychologists' Expectations and Initial Experiences Regarding Service Delivery JOURNAL OF APPLIED SPORT PSYCHOLOGY, 26 :241-255 DOI Author Url

Bullen K, Chichlowska SC, Rahman R, Tod D. 2014. The psychology of penile cancer from presentation to rehabilitation International Journal of Urological Nursing, 8 :22-29 DOI

Edwards C, Tod D, Molnar G. 2014. A systematic review of the drive for muscularity research area INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 7 :18-41 DOI Author Url

Tod D, Edwards C, Hall G. 2013. Drive for leanness and health-related behavior within a social/cultural perspective BODY IMAGE, 10 :640-643 DOI Author Url

Park S, Lavallee D, Tod D. 2013. Athletes' career transition out of sport: a systematic review INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 6 :22-53 DOI Author Url

Park S, Lavallee D, Tod D. 2013. A conceptual model of the athlete retirement decision-making process INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT PSYCHOLOGY, 44 :409-428 DOI Author Url

Tod D, Edwards C. 2013. Predicting drive for muscularity behavioural engagement from body image attitudes and emotions BODY IMAGE, 10 :135-138 DOI Author Url

Park S, Lavallee D, Tod D. 2013. Athletes’ careers in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland: Differences in the evolution of research and support programs in two neighbor nations :209-221 DOI

Tod D, Hall G, Edwards C. 2012. Gender invariance and correlates of the Drive for Leanness Scale BODY IMAGE, 9 :555-558 DOI Author Url

Park S, Tod D, Lavallee D. 2012. Exploring the retirement from sport decision-making process based on the transtheoretical model PSYCHOLOGY OF SPORT AND EXERCISE, 13 :444-453 DOI Author Url

Tod D, Morrison TG, Edwards C. 2012. Psychometric properties of Yelland and Tiggemann's Drive for Muscularity Scale BODY IMAGE, 9 :421-424 DOI Author Url

Tod D, Morrison TG, Edwards C. 2012. Evaluating validity and test-retest reliability in four drive for muscularity questionnaires BODY IMAGE, 9 :425-428 DOI Author Url

Tod DA, Bond KA, Lavallee D. 2012. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT THEMES IN STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING COACHES JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 26 :851-860 DOI Author Url

Tod D, Hardy J, Oliver E. 2011. Effects of Self-Talk: A Systematic Review JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 33 :666-687 DOI Author Url

Jones MI, Lavallee D, Tod D. 2011. Developing Communication and Organization Skills: The ELITE Life Skills Reflective Practice Intervention SPORT PSYCHOLOGIST, 25 :159-176 DOI Author Url

Thomas LS, Tod DA, Lavallee DE. 2011. VARIABILITY IN MUSCLE DYSMORPHIA SYMPTOMS: THE INFLUENCE OF WEIGHT TRAINING JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 25 :846-851 DOI Author Url

Tod D, Andersen MB, Marchant DB. 2011. Six Years Up: Applied Sport Psychologists Surviving (and Thriving) after Graduation JOURNAL OF APPLIED SPORT PSYCHOLOGY, 23 :93-109 DOI Author Url

Tod D, Lavallee D. 2010. Towards a conceptual understanding of muscle dysmorphia development and sustainment International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 3 :111-131 DOI

Tod D, Bond K. 2010. A Longitudinal Examination of a British Neophyte Sport Psychologist's Development SPORT PSYCHOLOGIST, 24 :35-51 DOI Author Url

Tod DA, Thatcher R, McGuigan M, Thatcher J. 2009. EFFECTS OF INSTRUCTIONAL AND MOTIVATIONAL SELF-TALK ON THE VERTICAL JUMP JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 23 :196-202 DOI Author Url

Tod D, Andersen MB, Marchant DB. 2009. A Longitudinal Examination of Neophyte Applied Sport Psychologists' Development JOURNAL OF APPLIED SPORT PSYCHOLOGY, 21 :S1-S16 DOI Author Url

McGuigan MR, Al Dayel A, Tod D, Foster C, Newton RU, Pettigrew S. 2008. Use of session rating of perceived exertion for monitoring resistance exercise in children who are overweight or obese PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 20 :333-341 DOI Author Url

Edwards C, Tod D, McGuigan M. 2008. Self-talk influences vertical jump performance and kinematics in male rugby union players JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 26 :1459-1465 DOI Author Url

Tod D, Marchant D, Andersen MB. 2007. Learning experiences contributing to service-delivery competence SPORT PSYCHOLOGIST, 21 :317-334 DOI Author Url

Singh F, Foster C, Tod D, McGuigan MR. 2007. Monitoring Different Types of Resistance Training Using Session Rating of Perceived Exertion INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, 2 :34-45 DOI Author Url

Tod D. 2007. The long and winding road: Professional development in sport psychology SPORT PSYCHOLOGIST, 21 :94-108 DOI Author Url

Tod DA, Iredale KF, McGuigan MR, Strange DEO, Gill N. 2005. "psyching-up" enhances force production during the bench press exercise JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 19 :599-603 DOI Author Url

McGuigan MR, Ghiagiarelli J, Tod D. 2005. Maximal strength and cortisol responses to psyching-up during the squat exercise JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 23 :687-692 DOI Author Url

Tod D, Iredale F, Gill N. 2003. 'Psyching-up' and muscular force production SPORTS MEDICINE, 33 :47-58 DOI Author Url

Tod D. 2001. Maximizing strength training through goal setting STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING JOURNAL, 23 :22-27 DOI Author Url

HODGE KP, TOD DA. 1993. ETHICS OF CHILDHOOD SPORT SPORTS MEDICINE, 15 :291-298 DOI Author Url

Tod D, Eubank MR, Nesti M. Its good to talk...ramble on... Sport and Exercise Psychology Review, 11 :71-78 Public Url

Pritchard HJ, Tod DA, Barnes MJ, Keogh JW, McGuigan MR. Tapering practices of New Zealand’s elite raw powerlifters Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, DOI Author Url Public Url

Tod DA, Edwards C, Molnar G, Markland D. Perceived social pressures and the internalization of the mesomorphic ideal: The role of drive for muscularity and autonomy in physically active men Body Image, DOI Author Url Public Url

Heath B, Tod DA, Kannis-Dymand L, Lovell G. The relationship between objectification theory and muscle dysmorphia characteristics in men Psychology of Men and Masculinity, DOI Author Url Public Url

Tod DA, Edwards C, Cranswick I. Muscle dysmorphia: Current insights Psychology Research and Behavior Management, DOI Author Url Public Url

Slimani M, Tod DA, Chaabene H, Miarka B, Chamari K. Effects of mental imagery on muscular strength in healthy and patient participants: A systematic review Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, Author Url Public Url

Edwards C, Tod DA, Molnar G, Markland D. Predicting Muscularity-Related Behavior, Emotions, and Cognitions in Men: The Role of Psychological Need Thwarting, Drive for Muscularity, and Mesomorphic Internalization Body Image, DOI Author Url Public Url

Roberts CM, Tod DA, Faull AL. Blurred lines: Performance enhancement, common mental disorders and referral in the U.K. athletic population Frontiers in Psychology, DOI Author Url Public Url

Edwards C, Tod DA, Molnar G. Searching for Masculine Capital: Experiences Leading to High Drive for Muscularity in Men Psychology of Men & Masculinity, DOI Author Url Public Url

Slimani M, Slimani NL, Tod DA, Dellal A, Hue O, Cheour F, Taylor L, Chamari K. Do cognitive training strategies improve motor and positive psychological skills development in soccer players? Insights from a systematic review Journal of Sports Sciences: Science and Medicine in Football, DOI Author Url Public Url

Smith M, McEwan H, Tod D, Martindale A. UK Trainee Sport Psychologists’ Perspectives on Developing Professional Judgement and Decision-Making Expertise during Training The Sport Psychologist, DOI Author Url Public Url

Paravlic A, Zoran M, Tod D. Mental simulation practice has beneficial effects on patients’ physical function following lower limb arthroplasty: a systematic review and meta-analysis Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, DOI Author Url Public Url

Varamenti E, Tod D, Pullinger S. Redox homeostasis and inflammation responses to training in adolescent athletes: A systematic review and meta-analysis Sports Medicine - Open, Public Url

Ronkainen N, Ryba T, McDougall M, Tod D, Tikkanen O. Hobby, career or vocation? Meanings in sports coaching and their implications for recruitment and retention of coaches Managing Sports and Leisure, DOI Public Url

Book

Tod D. 2019. Conducting Systematic Reviews in Sport, Exercise, and Physical Activity Springer Nature 9783030122638

Tod D. 2014. Sport psychology: The basics :1-196 9780415834490 DOI

Eubank MR, Tod D. How to Become a Sport and Exercise Psychologist Routledge DOI

Tod DA, Dolan, R . Performance: Decoding human excellence through sport psychology Routledge

Chapters

Morris R, Tod D, Eubank M. 2017. “It’s the end of the world as we know it (and I feel fine)” - The use of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) to increase function and reduce irrational beliefs of an injured athlete Turner M, Bennett R. Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy in Sport and Exercise DOI Public Url

Morris R, Tod D. 2016. Transition Indecision: A Case Study of an Athlete’s Move from Playing to Coaching Cotterill S, Weston N, Breslin G. Sport and Exercise Psychology: Practitioner Case Studies

Eubank MR, Tod D. 2015. Helping Ron with Burnout and Career-Transition Global Practices and Training in Applied Sport, Exercise and Performance Psychology

Park S, Lavallee D, Tod D. 2014. A longitudinal qualitative exploration of elite Korean tennis players' career transition experiences Innovative Writings in Sport and Exercise Psychology :197-224 9781629488813

Tod D, Eubank MR, Andersen MB. 2014. International perspectives training and supervision in the United Kingdom and Australia Becoming a Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology Professional: A Global Perspective :324-330 9781848726161 DOI

Tod D. 2013. Daddy and the meaning of service delivery: Becoming an applied sport psychology practitioner Becoming a Sport Psychologist :38-45 9780415525213

Eubank MR, Tod D, Andersen M. International perspectives: Training and supervision in the United Kingdom and Australia. Cremades JG, Tashman LS. Becoming a sport, exercise, and performance psychology professional: A global perspective. :324-330 Psychology Press.. New York, NY: DOI Public Url

Tod D, Eubank M, Brewer B. Theoretical Orientations in Service Delivery Applied Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology Current Approaches to Helping Clients

Tod D, Lafferty M. Developing an Integrated Approach Applied Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology Current Approaches to Helping Clients

Tod D, Van Raalte J. Evidence-Based Practice Applied Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology Current Approaches to Helping Clients

Conference publication

Morris R, Tod D, Oliver EJ. 2015. Longitudinal examination of the junior-to-senior professional football transition in the English Premier League Stambulova N. European Federation of Sport Psychology Congress

Poster

Morris R, Tod DA, Oliver EJ. 2014. An analysis of organizational structure and transition outcomes in the youth-to-senior professional soccer transition

Presentation

Morris R, Tod DA, Oliver EJ. Longitudinal examination of the junior-to-senior professional football transition in the English Premier League

Morris R, Tod DA, Oliver EJ. An analysis of organizational structure and transition outcomes in the youth-to-senior professional soccer transition

Morris R, Tod DA, Eubank MR. From youth team to first team: An investigation into the transition experiences of young professional athletes in football

Morris R, Tod DA, Oliver EJ. An investigation into stakeholders’ perceptions of the junior-to-senior transition in sport

Morris R, Tod DA, Oliver EJ. An analysis of organizational structure and transition outcomes in the youth-to-senior professional soccer transition

Morris R. From youth team to first team: An investigation into the transition experiences of young professional athletes in football DOI Author Url

Other

Bates G, Jones L, Tod D, McVeigh J, Newson LM, Begley E. Investigating the application and effectiveness of behaviour change theories and techniques in interventions to prevent muscle enhancement drug use Author Url Publisher Url

Engagement & Impact

External committees:

Division of Sport and Exercise Psychology - British Psychological Society, Division of Sport and Exercise Psychology - British Psychological Society. 2018

Editorial boards:

The Sport Psychologist, Professional Practice Section Editor. 2015

International Review for Sport and Exercise Psychology, Associate Editor. 2015