Liverpool Skylilne

Sport and Exercise Sciences

Prof John Somauroo

Prof John Somauroo

twitter

Biography

Professor John Somauroo is Consultant Cardiologist, Sport and Exercise Cardiologist at Liverpool Heart & Chest and Countess of Chester Hospitals. He has Cardiology, Inherited Cardiac Conditions, Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, Sport and Exercise Cardiology clinics and performs specialist echocardiography for investigation of cardiomyopathies, coronary artery disease and valvular heart disease. Professor Somauroo has a Chair in Sport and Exercise Cardiology at Liverpool John Moores University. He has a large research database screening athletes worldwide from many sports including football, ultra-endurance running, boxing, cycling and the Nigerian Olympic team. He has co-written international guidelines and lectures worldwide on physiological changes in athletes’ hearts and differentiation from cardiac disease. He is on the English Premiership Football Cardiac Screening Panel, has cardiac screened and investigated players from numerous football clubs throughout the UK and is Cardiologist to Liverpool Football Club. Professor Somauroo has been instrumental in cardiac screening of all rugby players prior to the Rugby World Cup (2013) and setting up pre-participation cardiac screening of many sports in Saudi Arabia (2014), Hong Kong (2016) and Egypt (2018).

Degrees

University of Nottingham Medical School, Nottinghamshire, Bachelor in Medical Sciences in Human Morphology (BMedSci)Hons
University of Nottingham Medical School, Nottinghamshire, Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery

Academic appointments

Chair in Sport and Exercise Cardiology, Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences (RISES), Liverpool John Moores University, 2016 - present

Publications

Journal article

Forsythe L, MacIver DH, Johnson C, George K, Somauroo J, Papadakis M, Brown B, Qasem M, Oxborough D. 2018. The relationship between left ventricular structure and function in the elite rugby football league athlete as determined by conventional echocardiography and myocardial strain imaging INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 261 :211-217 >DOI >Link

Oxborough D, Augustine D, Gati S, George K, Harkness A, Mathew T, Papadakis M, Ring L, Robinson S, Sandoval J, Sarwar R, Sharma S, Sharma V, Sheikh N, Somauroo J, Stout M, Willis J, Zaidi A. 2018. A guideline update for the practice of echocardiography in the cardiac screening of sports participants: a joint policy statement from the British Society of Echocardiography and Cardiac Risk in the Young. Echo Res Pract, 5 :G1-G10 >DOI >Link

Johnson C, Forsythe L, Somauroo J, Papadakis M, George K, Oxborough D. 2018. Cardiac structure and function in elite Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Rugby Football League athletes: an exploratory study INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING, 34 :725-734 >DOI >Link

Rothwell O, George K, Somauroo J, Lord R, Stembridge M, Shave R, Hoffman MD, Wilson M, Ashley E, Haddad F, Eijsvogels TMH, Oxborough D. 2018. Right Ventricular Structure and Function in the Veteran Ultramarathon Runner: Is There Evidence for Chronic Maladaptation? Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, >DOI

Schneider C, Forsythe L, Somauroo J, George K, Oxborough D. 2018. The impact of preload reduction with head-up tilt testing on longitudinal and transverse left ventricular mechanics: A study utilizing deformation volume analysis Echo Research and Practice, 5 :11-18 >DOI

Qasem M, George K, Somauroo J, Forsythe L, Brown B, Oxborough D. 2018. Influence of different dynamic sporting disciplines on right ventricular Structure and function in elite male athletes International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, :1-8 >DOI

Schneider C, Forsythe L, Somauroo J, George K, Oxborough D. 2018. The impact of preload reduction with head-up tilt testing on longitudinal and transverse left ventricular mechanics: a study utilizing deformation volume analysis. Echo Res Pract, 5 :11-18 >DOI >Link

Brown B, Somauroo J, Green DJ, Wilson M, Drezner J, George K, Oxborough D. 2017. The Complex Phenotype of the Athlete's Heart: Implications for Preparticipation Screening. Exerc Sport Sci Rev, 45 :96-104 >DOI >Link

Lord R, George K, Somauroo J, Jain N, Reese K, Hoffman MD, Haddad F, Ashley E, Jones H, Oxborough D. 2016. Exploratory insights from the right-sided electrocardiogram following prolonged endurance exercise. Eur J Sport Sci, :1-9 >DOI >Link

Oxborough D, Heemels A, Somauroo J, McClean G, Mistry P, Lord R, Utomi V, Jones N, Thijssen D, Sharma S, Osborne R, Sculthorpe N, George K. 2016. Left and right ventricular longitudinal strain-volume/area relationships in elite athletes. The international journal of cardiovascular imaging,

Lord R, George K, Somauroo J, Stembridge M, Jain N, Hoffman MD, Shave R, Haddad F, Ashley E, Jones H, Oxborough D. 2016. Alterations in Cardiac Mechanics Following Ultra-Endurance Exercise: Insights from Left and Right Ventricular Area-Deformation Loops JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, 29 :879-+ >DOI >Link

Qasem M, Utomi V, George K, Somauroo J, Zaidi A, Forsythe L, Bhattacharrya S, Lloyd G, Rana B, Ring L, Robinson S, Senior R, Sheikh N, Sitali M, Sandoval J, Steeds R, Stout M, Willis J, Oxborough D. 2016. A meta-analysis for echocardiographic assessment of right ventricular structure and function in ARVC. Echo Res Pract, >DOI >Link

Ghani S, Papadakis M, Kemp S, Zaidi A, Sheikh N, Gati S, Raju H, Smith A, Palmer C, Somauroo J, Sharma S. 2016. Results of a nationally implemented de novo cardiac screening programme in elite rugby players in England BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 50 :1338-1344 >DOI >Link

Lord R, Somauroo J, Stembridge M, Jain N, Hoffman MD, George K, Jones H, Shave R, Haddad F, Ashley E, Oxborough D. 2015. The right ventricle following ultra-endurance exercise: insights from novel echocardiography and 12-lead electrocardiography EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 115 :71-80 >DOI >Link

McClean G, George K, Lord R, Utomi V, Jones N, Somauroo J, Fletcher S, Oxborough D. 2015. Chronic adaptation of atrial structure and function in elite male athletes EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL-CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING, 16 :417-422 >DOI >Link

Khan M, Ouyang J, Perkins K, Somauroo J, Joseph F. 2015. Treatment of refractory postural tachycardia syndrome with subcutaneous octreotide delivered using an insulin pump Case Reports in Medicine, 2015 >DOI

Utomi V, Oxborough D, Ashley E, Lord R, Fletcher S, Stembridge M, Shave R, Hoffman MD, Whyte G, Somauroo J, Sharma S, George K. 2015. The impact of chronic endurance and resistance training upon the right ventricular phenotype in male athletes EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 115 :1673-1682 >DOI >Link

Iqbal Z, Somauroo J. 2015. Automated external defibrillators in public places: position statement from the Faculty of Sport and Exercise Medicine UK BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 49 :1363-1364 >DOI >Link

Atencia R, Revuelta L, Somauroo JD, Shave RE. 2015. Electrocardiogram reference intervals for clinically normal wild- born chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) American Journal of Veterinary Research, 76 :688-693 >DOI >Link

Utomi VS, Oxborough D, Whyte G, Somauroo J, George K. 2014. A comprehensive technical assessment of the Athlete's Heart: "The Morganroth Hypothesis" re-visited CARDIOVASCULAR RESEARCH, 103 >DOI >Link

Lord RN, Oxborough D, Somauroo J, George K. 2014. Echocardiographic evidence of the cardiac stress of competing in ultra-endurance exercise Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Sportmedizin, 65 :93-101 >DOI

Shave R, Oxborough D, Somauroo J, Feltrer Y, Strike T, Routh A, Chapman S, Redrobe S, Thompson L, Unwin S, Sayers G, Murphy H, Rapoport G, Stöhr E. 2014. Echocardiographic assessment of cardiac structure and function in great apes: A practical guide International Zoo Yearbook, 48 :218-233 >DOI

Oxborough D, George K, Utomi V, Lord R, Morton J, Jones N, Somauroo J. 2014. Acute response and chronic stimulus for cardiac structural and functional adaptation in a professional boxer Oxford Medical Case Reports, 2014 :65-68 >DOI

Utomi V, Oxborough D, Ashley E, Lord R, Fletcher S, Stembridge M, Shave R, Hoffman MD, Whyte G, Somauroo J, Sharma S, George K. 2014. Predominance of normal left ventricular geometry in the male 'athlete's heart' HEART, 100 :1264-+ >DOI >Link

Lord RN, George K, Jones H, Somauroo J, Oxborough D. 2014. Reproducibility and feasibility of right ventricular strain and strain rate (SR) as determined by myocardial speckle tracking during high-intensity upright exercise: A comparison with tissue Doppler-derived strain and SR in healthy human hearts Echo Research and Practice, 1 :31-41 >DOI

Wynn GJ, McKay E, Bragadeesh TK, Morrison WL, Somauroo JD. 2014. Multi-modality imaging of severe pulmonary artery stenosis leading to massive pulmonary artery aneurysm treated with percutaneous valvuloplasty INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 172 :E177-E179 >DOI >Link

Shave R, Stöhr E, Oxborough D, Somauroo J, Feltrer Y, Strike T, Routh A, Chapman S, Redrobe S, Thompson L, Unwin S, Sayers G, Murphy H, Rapoport G. 2013. Echocardiographic assessment of cardiac structure and function in great apes: A practical guide International Zoo Yearbook, >DOI

Utomi V, Oxborough D, Whyte GP, Somauroo J, Sharma S, Shave R, Atkinson G, George K. 2013. Systematic review and meta-analysis of training mode, imaging modality and body size influences on the morphology and function of the male athlete's heart HEART, 99 :1727-1733 >DOI >Link

Rahman H, Finnerty J, Somauroo J. 2013. Pulmonary oedema mimicking bronchiectasis BMJ Case Reports, >DOI

Wynn GJ, Weston C, Cooper RJ, Somauroo JD. 2013. Inadvertent left ventricular pacing through a patent foramen ovale: Identification, management and implications for postpacemaker implantation checks BMJ Case Reports, >DOI

Wynn GJ, Weston C, Cooper RJ, Somauroo JD. 2013. Inadvertent left ventricular pacing through a patent foramen ovale: identification, management and implications for postpacemaker implantation checks. BMJ Case Rep, 2013 >DOI >Link

Angell PJ, Chester N, Green DJ, Shah R, Somauroo J, Whyte G, George K. 2012. Anabolic Steroid Use and Longitudinal, Radial, and Circumferential Cardiac Motion MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 44 :583-590 >DOI >Link

George KP, Somauroo F. 2012. Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in Athletes DEUTSCHE ZEITSCHRIFT FUR SPORTMEDIZIN, 63 :63-68 >DOI >Link

Chandrasekara H, Brough C, Goenka N, Somauroo J, Hardy K. 2012. Management of hyperglycaemia in people with acute coronary syndromes (NICE Clinical Guideline 130): Uncertainty persists Practical Diabetes, 29 :9-11 >DOI

Whyte G, Somauroo J, Wilson M, Sharma S. 2012. T-wave inversions and the role of de-training in the differentiation of athlete's heart from pathology: is 6 months too long? BMJ case reports, 2012

Angell P, Chester N, Green D, Somauroo J, Whyte G, George K. 2012. Anabolic Steroids and Cardiovascular Risk SPORTS MEDICINE, 42 :119-134 >DOI >Link

Shahzad A, Powell C, Etherington R, Somauroo J. 2012. Improvement in refractory heart failure by nephrectomy for renal tumour BMJ Case Reports, >DOI

Obaji SG, Cooper R, Somauroo J. 2012. Chiari network: A protective filter against pulmonary embolism in a case of polycythaemia BMJ Case Reports, >DOI

Angell PJ, Chester N, Sculthorpe N, Whyte G, George K, Somauroo J. 2012. Performance enhancing drug abuse and cardiovascular risk in athletes: implications for the clinician BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 46 :78-84 >DOI >Link

George K, Whyte GP, Green DJ, Oxborough D, Shave RE, Gaze D, Somauroo J. 2012. The endurance athletes heart: acute stress and chronic adaptation BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 46 :29-36 >DOI >Link

Obaji SG, Cooper R, Somauroo J. 2012. Chiari network: a protective filter against pulmonary embolism in a case of polycythaemia. BMJ case reports, 2012

Shahzad A, Powell C, Etherington R, Somauroo J. 2012. Improvement in refractory heart failure by nephrectomy for renal tumour. BMJ case reports, 2012

Nair JR, Somauroo JD, Over KE. 2012. Myopericarditis in giant cell arteritis: Case report of diagnostic dilemma and review of literature BMJ Case Reports, >DOI

Somauroo JD, Cooper RM, Modi SS. 2012. Lessons learnt from a tragic loss British Journal of Cardiology, 19

Wynn GJ, Somauroo JD. 2012. Acute aortic dissection flap prolapsing into the left ventricle on transthoracic echocardiography Journal of Echocardiography, 10 :154-155 >DOI

Nair JR, Somauroo JD, Over KE. 2012. Myopericarditis in giant cell arteritis: case report of diagnostic dilemma and review of literature. BMJ Case Rep, 2012 >DOI >Link

Rowley NJ, Green DJ, George K, Thijssen DHJ, Oxborough D, Sharma S, Somauroo JD, Jones J, Sheikh N, Whyte G. 2012. Peripheral vascular structure and function in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Br J Sports Med, 46 Suppl 1 :i98-103 >DOI >Link

Cooper RM, Magrath AF, Modi S, Somauroo JD. 2011. Lesson of the month (2). Angina without 'strangling and anxiety of the breast'. Clin Med (Lond), 11 :201-202 >Link

Cooper RM, Magrath AF, Modi S, Somauroo JD. 2011. Angina without 'strangling and anxiety of the breast' CLINICAL MEDICINE, 11 :201-202 >DOI >Link

Wynn G, Somauroo J. 2010. Safe combined intravenous opiate/benzodiazepine sedation for transoesophageal echocardiography [2] British Journal of Cardiology, 17 :219-220

Cooper RM, Magrath AF, Somauroo JD. 2009. Pectus excavatum deforming right heart causing difficult right ventricular pacing Internet Journal of Cardiology, 6

Lewis SC, Warlow CP, Bodenham AR, Colam B, Rothwell PM, Torgerson D, Dellagrammaticas D, Horrocks M, Liapis C, Banning AP, Gough M, Gough MJ, Fraser A, Grant S, Hunter J, Leigh-Brown A, Paterson M, Soosay V, Young A, Williamson A, Dean Z, Mazzoli T, Ricci S, Valenti D, Bamford J, Beard J, Dearden M, Murray G, Ruckley V, Norman PE, Sedivy P, Idla A, Schmitz-Rixen T, Maritati G, Bodenham A, Cokic N, Doppler W, Hlatky P, Koelblinger C, Raith C, Zölss C, Dimmitt S, Gharbi R, Hankey G, Maden A, Mwipatayi BP, Sieunarine K, Tan A, Turner G, Wesseldine A, Davis TME, Norman PE, Audzei P, Davidovski I, Dedul D, Hetsiuk A, Kornievich S, Gao J, Huang YG, Jing G, Li H, Li YJ, Liu B, Liu CW, Wu JD, Ye W, Yu CH, Ban T, Buljan K, Candrlic K, Dapic D, Ilijasevic M, Istvanic T, Kovac B, Kvolik S, Lehner V, Pinotic K, Hudorović N, Ivanec Z, Lovričević I, Mazul-Sunko B, Novotny Z, De Syo D, Vuković V, Biebl O, Dolecek L, El Samman C, Kalasova H, Kubricht V, Matous P, Michalek P, Sedivy P, Stajnrt M, Stern M, Svec M, Vitasek P, Vrzal J, Weiss K, Janousek L. 2008. General anaesthesia versus local anaesthesia for carotid surgery (GALA): a multicentre, randomised controlled trial The Lancet, 372 :2132-2142 >DOI

Srinivas-Shankar U, Somauroo JD, Delduca A-M, Jordan TS, Bowles SA, Rutter MK. 2008. Temporal change in glucose tolerance in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Diabetes Res Clin Pract, 82 :310-316 >DOI >Link

Alchaghouri S, Wong KYK, Perry RA, Ramsdale DR, Somauroo JD, Pyatt JR. 2007. QT peak prolongation is not associated with left ventricular hypertrophy in teenage professional football players. Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol, 12 :104-110 >DOI >Link

Pyatt JR, Somauroo JD, Jackson M, Grayson AD, Osula S, Aggarwal RK, Charles RG, Connelly DT. 2002. Long-term survival after permanent pacemaker implantation: analysis of predictors for increased mortality. Europace, 4 :113-119 >Link

Pyatt JR, Osula S, Mushahwar SS, Somauroo JD, Charles RG. 2001. Extrinsic compression of the left atrium: an unusual complication of a type B aortic dissection. Int J Cardiol, 79 :89-90 >Link

Somauroo JD, Pyatt JR, Jackson M, Perry RA, Ramsdale DR. 2001. An echocardiographic assessment of cardiac morphology and common ECG findings in teenage professional soccer players: reference ranges for use in screening. Heart, 85 :649-654 >Link

Pyatt JR, Somauroo JD, Grayson AD, Jackson M, Aggarwal RK, Charles RG, Connelly DT. 2001. Long-term survival and predictors of increased mortality following permanent pacemaker implantation: a five year follow-up study EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL, 22 :185-185 >Link

Lowe R, Somauroo JD, Heath P, Perry RA. 2000. A balloon for grandpa? Coronary intervention in the elderly Heart, 83

Somauroo JD, Wilkinson M, White VJ, Rodrigues E, Connelly DT, Calverley PMA, Angus RM. 2000. Effect of nasal bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) and Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) ventilation on cardiac haemodynamics in patients with congestive heart failure Heart, 83

Somauroo JD, Amadi AA, Ramsdale DR. 2000. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and stent insertion in a single left coronary artery. J Invasive Cardiol, 12 :34-37 >Link

Somauroo JD, Connelly DT. 1999. Value of improved treadmill exercise capacity [5] (multiple letters) Heart, 81 :451-452 >DOI

Somauroo JD, McCarten P, Appleton B, Amadi A, Rodrigues E. 1999. Effectiveness of a 'thrombolysis nurse' in shortening delay to thrombolysis in acute myocardial infarction. J R Coll Physicians Lond, 33 :46-50 >Link

Somauroo JD, Connelly DT. 1999. Value of improved treadmill exercise capacity. Heart, 81 :451-452 >Link

Somauroo JD, Pandya BSJ, Rodrigues EA. 1998. Diltiazem and nicardipine-induced lichenoid reactions British Journal of Cardiology, 5 :172-174

Clothier RH, Last Z, Somauroo JD, Ruben LN, Balls M. 1989. Differential cyclophosphamide sensitivity of suppressor function in Xenopus, the clawed toad. Dev Comp Immunol, 13 :159-166 >Link

Conference publication

Naraen A, McKay V, Ding WY, Rasoul D, Shaw M, Rao A, Wright D, Fairbairn T, Somauroo J, Stables R, Modi S, Mahida S, Todd D, Cooper R. 2017. YOUNGER AGE, POSITIVE FAMILY HISTORY AND REVERSE CURVE MORPHOLOGY PREDICT INFORMATIVE RESULTS FROM GENE PANEL ANALYSIS FOR HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY (HCM) JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 66th Annual Scientific Session and Expo of the American-College-of-Cardiology (ACC) 69 :835-835 >Link

Ding WY, Meah M, Cooper R, Oxborough D, Somauroo J. 2017. DOES HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY GENOTYPE AFFECT TISSUE DOPPLER IMAGING PARAMETERS OVER 3-YEAR FOLLOW-UP PERIOD? HEART, Annual Conference of the British-Cardiovascular-Society (BCS) 103 :A95-A96 >DOI >Link

Oxborough D, Heemels A, Forsythe L, McClean G, Mistry P, Lord R, Utomi V, Jones N, Thijssen D, Somauroo J, Sharma S, Osborne R, Sculthorpe N. 2016. LEFT VENTRICULAR LONGITUDINAL STRAIN-VOLUME RELATIONSHIPS IN ELITE ATHLETESD HEART, Annual Conference of the British-Cardiovascular-Society (BCS) on Prediction and Prevention 102 :A85-A85 >DOI >Link

Forsythe L, George K, Somauroo J, Qasem M, Brown B, Papadakis M, Oxborough D. 2016. THE 12-LEAD ELECTROCARDIOGRAM OF THE ELITE RUGBY FOOTBALL LEAGUE PLAYER HEART, Annual Conference of the British-Cardiovascular-Society (BCS) on Prediction and Prevention 102 :A86-A86 >DOI >Link

Oxborough D, Bracknall T, Lord R, Forsythe L, Qasem M, Mistry P, Somauroo J, George K. 2016. THE EFFECT OF PRELOAD REDUCTION USING HEAD-UP TILT TESTING: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY USING LEFT VENTRICULAR LONGITUDINAL AND TRANSVERSE STRAIN-VOLUME LOOPS HEART, Annual Conference of the British-Cardiovascular-Society (BCS) on Prediction and Prevention 102 :A83-A84 >DOI >Link

Meah MNUM, Hasleton JH, Somauroo JDS. 2015. Cardiac sarcoidosis- the dilemma EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEART FAILURE, 17 :18-19 >Link

Bateman J, Bethel AJ, Somauroo JD. 2015. Effectiveness of independent heart failure nurse and heart failure specialist pharmacist managing acute heart failure in hospital EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEART FAILURE, 17 :349-349 >Link

Ghani S, Raju H, Zaidi A, Sheikh N, Gati S, Somauroo J, Kemp S, Sharma S. 2011. CARDIOVASCULAR EVALUATION OF ENGLISH PREMIERSHIP RUGBY PLAYERS HEART, Annual Conference of the British-Cardiovascular-Society (BCS) 97 :A31-A32 >DOI >Link

Ghani S, Raju H, Papadakis M, Chandra N, Sheikh N, Zaidi A, Somauroo J, Kemp S, Smith A, Sharma S. 2011. Pre-participation screening with low false positive rates and ECG patterns in elite rugby union players EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL, 32 :326-327 >Link

Somauroo JD, Shave R, Williams KL, Forster J, George C, Bett T, Gave DC, George KP. 2010. Comparison of ECGs and cardiac troponin I in ultra-endurance athletes before and after 50 and 100 mile trial race in UK EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL, ESC Congress 31 :304-304 >Link