Liverpool Skylilne

Sport and Exercise Sciences

Prof Keith George

Prof Keith George

Telephone: 0151 904 6228

Biography

I am currently Associate Dean for Scholarship, Research and Knowledge Transfer in the Faculty of Science as well as Head of the Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences.

My background is as a cardiovascular physiologist interested in the health and well being of different human populations from elite athletes to clinical groups.

Degrees

1998, Manchester Metropolitan University, United Kingdom, PhD Cardiovascular Physiology and Exercise
1990, Queen's University at Kingston, Canada, MSc Exercise Physiology
1987, Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom, BSc (Hons) First Class

Academic appointments

Senior Lecturer, Manchester Metropolitan University, 1990 - 2001

Publications

Highlighted publications

Batterham AM, George KP, Birch KM, Pennell DJ, Myerson SG. 2011. Growth of Left Ventricular Mass with Military Basic Training in Army Recruits MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 43 :1295-1300 >DOI >Link

Spence AL, Naylor LH, Carter HH, Buck CL, Dembo L, Murray CP, Watson P, Oxborough D, George KP, Green DJ. 2011. A prospective randomised longitudinal MRI study of left ventricular adaptation to endurance and resistance exercise training in humans. J Physiol, 589 :5443-5452 >DOI >Link

George K, Shave R, Oxborough D, Cable T, Dawson E, Artis N, Gaze D, Hew-Butler T, Sharwood K, Noakes T. 2009. Left ventricular wall segment motion after ultra-endurance exercise in humans assessed by myocardial speckle tracking. Eur J Echocardiogr, 10 :238-243 >DOI >Link

Ainslie PN, Cotter JD, George KP, Lucas S, Murrell C, Shave R, Thomas KN, Williams MJA, Atkinson G. 2008. Elevation in cerebral blood flow velocity with aerobic fitness throughout healthy human ageing JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, 586 :4005-4010 >DOI >Link

Journal article

Oates SA, Forsythe L, Somauroo JD, George KP, Papadakis M, Oxborough D. 2019. Scaling to produce size-independent indices of echocardiographic derived aortic root dimensions in elite Rugby Football League players Ultrasound, >DOI

Zhang H, Nie J, Kong Z, Cao W, Zhu X, Zheng Z, George K. 2019. The cTnT response to acute exercise at the onset of an endurance training program: evidence of exercise preconditioning? European Journal of Applied Physiology, >DOI

Oxborough DL, Spence A, George KP, Van Oorschot F, Thijssen DHJ, Green DJ. 2019. The impact of 24 weeks of supervised endurance versus resistance exercise training on left ventricular mechanics in healthy untrained humans. Journal of Applied Physiology, >DOI >Link

McClean G, Riding NR, Pieles G, Watt V, Adamuz C, Sharma S, George KP, Oxborough D, Wilson MG. 2019. Diagnostic accuracy and Bayesian analysis of new international ECG recommendations in paediatric athletes HEART, 105 :152-159 >DOI >Link

Nie J, Zhang H, He Y, Cao W, Liu Y, Kong Z, George K. 2018. The impact of high-intensity interval training on the cTnT response to acute exercise in sedentary obese young women. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, >DOI >Link

Angell PJ, Green DJ, Lord R, Gaze D, Whyte G, George KP. 2018. Acute cardiovascular responses to resistance exercise in anabolic steroids users: A preliminary investigation Science and Sports, 33 :339-346 >DOI

McClean G, Riding NR, Pieles G, Sharma S, Watt V, Adamuz C, Johnson A, Tramullas A, George KP, Oxborough D, Wilson MG. 2018. Prevalence and significance of T-wave inversion in Arab and Black paediatric athletes: Should anterior T-wave inversion interpretation be governed by biological or chronological age? European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, :2047487318811956-2047487318811956 >DOI >Link

Aengevaeren VL, VAN Kimmenade RRJ, Hopman MTE, Royen NVAN, Snider JV, Januzzi JL, George KP, Eijsvogels TMH. 2018. Exercise-induced Changes in Soluble ST2 Concentrations in Marathon Runners. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, >DOI >Link

Cirer-Sastre R, Legaz-Arrese A, Corbi F, George K, Nie J, Carranza-García LE, Reverter-Masià J. 2018. Cardiac Biomarker Release After Exercise in Healthy Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Pediatr Exerc Sci, :1-9 >DOI >Link

Forsythe L, George K, Oxborough D. 2018. Speckle Tracking Echocardiography for the Assessment of the Athlete's Heart: Is It Ready for Daily Practice? Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med, 20 :83-83 >DOI >Link

Hulshof HG, Eijsvogels TMH, Kleinnibbelink G, van Dijk AP, George KP, Oxborough DL, Thijssen DHJ. 2018. Prognostic value of right ventricular longitudinal strain in patients with pulmonary hypertension: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging, >DOI

Popple E, George K, Somauroo J, Sharma S, Utomi V, Lord R, Cooper R, Malhotra A, Forster J, Oxborough D. 2018. Right Ventricular Structure and Function in Senior and Academy Elite Footballers. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, >DOI >Link

Qasem M, George K, Somauroo J, Forsythe L, Brown B, Oxborough D. 2018. Right ventricular function in elite male athletes meeting the structural echocardiographic task force criteria for arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Journal of Sports Sciences, :1-7 >DOI >Link

Unnithan VB, Rowland TW, George K, Lord R, Oxborough D. 2018. Left ventricular function during exercise in trained pre-adolescent soccer players. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, >DOI >Link

Lord RN, Utomi V, Oxborough DL, Curry BA, Brown M, George KP. 2018. Left ventricular function and mechanics following prolonged endurance exercise: an update and meta-analysis with insights from novel techniques. European Journal of Applied Physiology, >DOI >Link

Forsythe L, MacIver DH, Johnson C, George K, Somauroo J, Papadakis M, Brown B, Qasem M, Oxborough D. 2018. The relationship between left ventricular structure and function in the elite rugby football league athlete as determined by conventional echocardiography and myocardial strain imaging INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 261 :211-217 >DOI >Link

Oxborough D, Augustine D, Gati S, George K, Harkness A, Mathew T, Papadakis M, Ring L, Robinson S, Sandoval J, Sarwar R, Sharma S, Sharma V, Sheikh N, Somauroo J, Stout M, Willis J, Zaidi A. 2018. A guideline update for the practice of echocardiography in the cardiac screening of sports participants: a joint policy statement from the British Society of Echocardiography and Cardiac Risk in the Young. Echo research and practice, 5 :G1-G10 >DOI

Sharif H, Ting S, Forsythe L, McGregor G, Banerjee P, O’Leary D, Ditor D, George K, Zehnder D, Oxborough D. 2018. Layer-specific systolic and diastolic strain in hypertensive patients with and without mild diastolic dysfunction Echo Research and Practice, 5 :41-49 >DOI

Qasem M, George K, Somauroo J, Forsythe L, Brown B, Oxborough D. 2018. Influence of different dynamic sporting disciplines on right ventricular Structure and function in elite male athletes INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING, 34 :1067-1074 >DOI >Link

Kooreman Z, Giraldeau G, Finocchiaro G, Kobayashi Y, Wheeler M, Perez M, Moneghetti K, Oxborough D, George KP, Myers J, Ashley E, Haddad F. 2018. Athletic Remodeling in Female College Athletes, the "Morganroth Hypothesis" Revisited. Clin J Sport Med, >DOI >Link

Lord R, MacLeod D, George K, Oxborough D, Shave R, Stembridge M. 2018. Reduced left ventricular filling following blood volume extraction does not result in compensatory augmentation of cardiac mechanics EXPERIMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY, 103 :495-501 >DOI >Link

Rothwell O, George K, Somauroo J, Lord R, Stembridge M, Shave R, Hoffman MD, Wilson M, Ashley E, Haddad F, Eijsvogels TMH, Oxborough D. 2018. Right Ventricular Structure and Function in the Veteran Ultramarathon Runner: Is There Evidence for Chronic Maladaptation? Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, >DOI

Schneider C, Forsythe L, Somauroo J, George K, Oxborough D. 2018. The impact of preload reduction with head-up tilt testing on longitudinal and transverse left ventricular mechanics: a study utilizing deformation volume analysis. Echo research and practice, 5 :11-18 >DOI

Nie J, Zhang H, Kong Z, George K, Little JP, Tong TK, Li F, Shi Q. 2018. Impact of high-intensity interval training and moderate-intensity continuous training on resting and postexercise cardiac troponin T concentration EXPERIMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY, 103 :370-380 >DOI >Link

Schneider C, Forsythe L, Somauroo J, George K, Oxborough D. 2018. The impact of preload reduction with head-up tilt testing on longitudinal and transverse left ventricular mechanics: A study utilizing deformation volume analysis Echo Research and Practice, 5 :11-18 >DOI

Johnson C, Forsythe L, Somauroo J, Papadakis M, George K, Oxborough D. 2018. Cardiac structure and function in elite Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Rugby Football League athletes: an exploratory study INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING, 34 :725-734 >DOI >Link

Legaz-Arrese A, Carranza-García LE, Navarro-Orocio R, Valadez-Lira A, Mayolas-Pi C, Munguía-Izquierdo D, Reverter-Masía J, George K. 2017. Cardiac Biomarker Release after Endurance Exercise in Male and Female Adults and Adolescents Journal of Pediatrics, 191 :96-102 >DOI

Thijssen DHJ, Redington A, George KP, Hopman MTE, Jones H. 2017. Association of Exercise Preconditioning With Immediate Cardioprotection: A Review. JAMA Cardiol, >DOI >Link

Eijsvogels TMH, Oxborough DL, O Hanlon R, Sharma S, Prasad S, Whyte G, George KP, Wilson MG. 2017. Global and regional cardiac function in lifelong endurance athletes with and without myocardial fibrosis European Journal of Sport Science, :1-7 >DOI

McClean G, Riding NR, Ardern CL, Farooq A, Pieles GE, Watt V, Adamuz C, George KP, Oxborough D, Wilson MG. 2017. Electrical and structural adaptations of the paediatric athlete's heart: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med, >DOI >Link

Hulshof HG, van Dijk AP, George KP, Hopman MTE, Thijssen DHJ, Oxborough DL. 2017. Exploratory assessment of left ventricular strain-volume loops in severe aortic valve diseases. J Physiol, >DOI >Link

Brown B, Somauroo J, Green DJ, Wilson M, Drezner J, George K, Oxborough D. 2017. The Complex Phenotype of the Athlete's Heart: Implications for Preparticipation Screening. Exerc Sport Sci Rev, 45 :96-104 >DOI >Link

George K. 2016. Histological evidence for reversible cardiomyocyte changes and serum cardiac troponin T elevation after exercise in rats Physiology Reports,

Kong Z, Nie J, Lin H, George K, Zhao G, Zhang H, Tong TK, Shi Q. 2016. Sex differences in release of cardiac troponin T after endurance exercise Biomarkers, 22 :345-350 >DOI

Qasem M, Utomi V, George K, Somauroo J, Zaidi A, Forsythe L, Bhattacharrya S, Lloyd G, Rana B, Ring L, Robinson S, Senior R, Sheikh N, Sitali M, Sandoval J, Steeds R, Stout M, Willis J, Oxborough D. 2016. A meta-analysis for echocardiographic assessment of right ventricular structure and function in ARVC. Echo Res Pract, >DOI >Link

van de Schoor FR, Aengevaeren VL, Hopman MT, Oxborough DL, George KP, Thompson PD, Eijsvogels TM. 2016. Myocardial Fibrosis in Athletes. Mayo Clin Proc, >DOI >Link

Rafeeuddin R, Sharir R, Staes F, Dingenen B, George K, Robinson MA, Vanrenterghem J. 2016. Mapping current research trends on neuromuscular risk factors of non-contact ACL injury Physical Therapy in Sport, 22 :101-113 >DOI

Eijsvogels TMH, George KP, Thompson PD. 2016. Cardiovascular benefits and risks across the physical activity continuum CURRENT OPINION IN CARDIOLOGY, 31 :566-571 >DOI >Link

Cocking S, Landman T, Benson M, Lord R, Jones H, Gaze D, Thijssen DH, George K. 2016. The impact of remote ischemic preconditioning on cardiac biomarker and functional response to endurance exercise. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports,

Lord R, George K, Somauroo J, Stembridge M, Jain N, Hoffman MD, Shave R, Haddad F, Ashley E, Jones H, Oxborough D. 2016. Alterations in Cardiac Mechanics Following Ultra-Endurance Exercise: Insights from Left and Right Ventricular Area-Deformation Loops JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, 29 :879-+ >DOI >Link

Sharir R, Rafeeuddin R, Staes F, Dingenen B, George K, Vanrenterghem J, Robinson MA. 2016. Mapping current research trends on anterior cruciate ligament injury risk against the existing evidence: In vivo biomechanical risk factors. Clinical biomechanics (Bristol, Avon), 37 :34-43

Oxborough D, Heemels A, Somauroo J, McClean G, Mistry P, Lord R, Utomi V, Jones N, Thijssen D, Sharma S, Osborne R, Sculthorpe N, George K. 2016. Left and right ventricular longitudinal strain-volume/area relationships in elite athletes. The international journal of cardiovascular imaging,

Lord R, George K, Somauroo J, Jain N, Reese K, Hoffman MD, Haddad F, Ashley E, Jones H, Oxborough D. 2016. Exploratory insights from the right-sided electrocardiogram following prolonged endurance exercise. Eur J Sport Sci, :1-9 >DOI >Link

Benda NM, Hopman MT, van Dijk AP, Oxborough D, George KP, Thijssen DH, Eijsvogels TM. 2016. Impact of prolonged walking exercise on cardiac structure and function in cardiac patients versus healthy controls. European journal of preventive cardiology,

Lopez-Laval I, Legaz-Arrese A, George K, Serveto-Galindo O, Maria Gonzalez-Rave J, Reverter-Masia J, Munguia-Izquierdo D. 2016. Cardiac troponin I release after a basketball match in elite, amateur and junior players CLINICAL CHEMISTRY AND LABORATORY MEDICINE, 54 :333-338 >DOI >Link

George KP, Grant MC, Davies B, Baker JS. 2016. The impact of short duration, high intensity exercise on cardiac troponin release. Clinical physiology and functional imaging, 36 :281-285 >DOI

Giraldeau G, Kobayashi Y, Finocchiaro G, Wheeler M, Perez M, Kuznetsova T, Lord R, George KP, Oxborough D, Schnittger T, Froelicher V, Liang D, Ashley E, Haddad F. 2015. Gender Differences in Ventricular Remodeling and Function in College Athletes, Insights from Lean Body Mass Scaling and Deformation Imaging AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 116 :1610-1616 >DOI >Link

Legaz-Arrese A, Lopez-Laval I, George K, Jose Puente-Lanzarote J, Castellar-Otin C, Reverter-Masia J, Munguia-Izquierdo D. 2015. Individual variability of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin levels after aerobic exercise is not mediated by exercise mode BIOMARKERS, 20 :219-224 >DOI >Link

Legaz-Arrese A, Lopez-Laval I, George K, Jose Puente-Lanzarote J, Moliner-Urdiales D, Javier Ayala-Tajuelo V, Mayolas-Pi C, Reverter-Masia J. 2015. Individual variability in cardiac biomarker release after 30 min of high-intensity rowing in elite and amateur athletes APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 40 :951-958 >DOI >Link

Utomi V, Oxborough D, Ashley E, Lord R, Fletcher S, Stembridge M, Shave R, Hoffman MD, Whyte G, Somauroo J, Sharma S, George K. 2015. The impact of chronic endurance and resistance training upon the right ventricular phenotype in male athletes EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 115 :1673-1682 >DOI >Link

Legaz-Arrese A, Lopez-Laval I, George K, Puente-Lanzarote JJ, Mayolas-Pi C, Serrano-Ostariz E, Revilla-Marti P, Moliner-Urdiales D, Reverter-Masia J. 2015. Impact of an endurance training program on exercise-induced cardiac biomarker release AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-HEART AND CIRCULATORY PHYSIOLOGY, 308 :H913-H920 >DOI >Link

Unnithan VB, Rowland T, George K, Lindley MR, Roche DM. 2015. Regional and Global Left Ventricular Function Following a Simulated 5 km Race in Sports-Trained Adolescents Pediatric Cardiology, 36 :322-328 >DOI

Riding NR, Sharma S, Salah O, Khalil N, Carre F, George KP, Hamilton B, Chalabi H, Whyte GP, Wilson MG. 2015. Systematic echocardiography is not efficacious when screening an ethnically diverse cohort of athletes in West Asia EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE CARDIOLOGY, 22 :263-270 >DOI >Link

Eijsvogels TMH, Hoogerwerf MD, Maessen MFH, Seeger JPH, George KP, Hopman MTE, Thijssen DHJ. 2015. Predictors of cardiac troponin release after a marathon JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND MEDICINE IN SPORT, 18 :88-92 >DOI >Link

McClean G, George K, Lord R, Utomi V, Jones N, Somauroo J, Fletcher S, Oxborough D. 2015. Chronic adaptation of atrial structure and function in elite male athletes EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL-CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING, 16 :417-422 >DOI >Link

Lord R, Somauroo J, Stembridge M, Jain N, Hoffman MD, George K, Jones H, Shave R, Haddad F, Ashley E, Oxborough D. 2015. The right ventricle following ultra-endurance exercise: insights from novel echocardiography and 12-lead electrocardiography EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 115 :71-80 >DOI >Link

Unnithan VB, Rowland T, George K, Lindley MR, Roche DM. 2015. Regional and Global Left Ventricular Function Following a Simulated 5 km Race in Sports-Trained Adolescents PEDIATRIC CARDIOLOGY, 36 :322-328 >DOI >Link

Lord RN, George K, Jones H, Somauroo J, Oxborough D. 2014. Reproducibility and feasibility of right ventricular strain and strain rate (SR) as determined by myocardial speckle tracking during high-intensity upright exercise: A comparison with tissue Doppler-derived strain and SR in healthy human hearts Echo Research and Practice, 1 :31-41 >DOI

Iga J, Scott M, George K, Drust B. 2014. Seasonal changes in multiple indices of body composition in professional football players International journal of sports medicine, 35 :994-998 >DOI

Oxborough D, George K, Utomi V, Lord R, Morton J, Jones N, Somauroo J. 2014. Acute response and chronic stimulus for cardiac structural and functional adaptation in a professional boxer Oxford Medical Case Reports, 2014 :65-68 >DOI

Riding NR, Salah O, Sharma S, Carré F, George KP, Farooq A, Hamilton B, Chalabi H, Whyte GP, Wilson MG. 2014. ECG and morphologic adaptations in Arabic athletes: Are the European Society of Cardiology's recommendations for the interpretation of the 12-lead ECG appropriate for this ethnicity? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48 :1138-1143 >DOI

Utomi VS, Oxborough D, Whyte G, Somauroo J, George K. 2014. A comprehensive technical assessment of the Athlete's Heart: "The Morganroth Hypothesis" re-visited CARDIOVASCULAR RESEARCH, 103 >DOI >Link

Utomi V, Oxborough D, Ashley E, Lord R, Fletcher S, Stembridge M, Shave R, Hoffman MD, Whyte G, Somauroo J, Sharma S, George K. 2014. Predominance of normal left ventricular geometry in the male 'athlete's heart' HEART, 100 :1264-+ >DOI >Link

Lord RN, Oxborough D, Somauroo J, George K. 2014. Echocardiographic evidence of the cardiac stress of competing in ultra-endurance exercise Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Sportmedizin, 65 :93-101 >DOI

Iga J, Scott M, George K, Drust B. 2014. Seasonal Changes in Multiple Indices of Body Composition in Professional Football Players INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 35 :994-998 >DOI >Link

George KP, Fadel PJ, Taylor NAS. 2014. Thematic reviews. Series III: Blood pressure regulation outside the comfort zone European Journal of Applied Physiology, 114 :443-444 >DOI

Tian Y, Nie J, George KP, Huang C. 2014. Reproducibility of cardiac biomarkers response to prolonged treadmill exercise BIOMARKERS, 19 :114-120 >DOI >Link

Koufaki P, Mercer TH, George KP, Nolan J. 2014. LOW-VOLUME HIGH-INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING VS CONTINUOUS AEROBIC CYCLING IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEART FAILURE: A PRAGMATIC RANDOMISED CLINICAL TRIAL OF FEASIBILITY AND EFFECTIVENESS JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION MEDICINE, 46 :348-356 >DOI >Link

Angell PJ, Ismail TF, Jabbour A, Smith G, Dahl A, Wage R, Whyte G, Green DJ, Prasad S, George K. 2014. Ventricular structure, function, and focal fibrosis in anabolic steroid users: a CMR study EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 114 :921-928 >DOI >Link

Almutawa M, Scott M, George KP, Drust B. 2014. The incidence and nature of injuries sustained on grass and 3rd generation artificial turf: A pilot study in elite Saudi National Teamfootballers Physical Therapy in Sport, 15 :47-52 >DOI

George KP, Fadel PJ, Taylor NAS. 2014. Thematic reviews. Series III: Blood pressure regulation outside the comfort zone EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 114 :443-444 >DOI >Link

Fischer G, Tarperi C, George K, Ardigo LP. 2014. An Exploratory Study of Respiratory Muscle Endurance Training in High Lesion Level Paraplegic Handbike Athletes CLINICAL JOURNAL OF SPORT MEDICINE, 24 :69-75 >DOI >Link

Almutawa M, Scott M, George KP, Drust B. 2014. The incidence and nature of injuries sustained on grass and 3rd generation artificial turf: a pilot study in elite Saudi National Team footballers. Phys Ther Sport, 15 :47-52 >DOI >Link

Dobson R, Burgess MI, Banks M, Pritchard DM, Vora J, Valle JW, Wong C, Chadwick C, George K, Keevil B, Adaway J, Ardill JES, Anthoney A, Hofmann U, Poston GJ, Cuthbertson DJ. 2013. The Association of a Panel of Biomarkers with the Presence and Severity of Carcinoid Heart Disease: A Cross-Sectional Study PLoS ONE, 8 >DOI

Giannaki CD, Karatzaferi C, Hadjigeorgiou GM, George KP, Stefanidis I, Sakkas GK. 2013. Periodic limb movements in sleep and cardiovascular disease: Time to act Frontiers in Neurology, 4 JUL >DOI

Spence AL, Naylor LH, Carter HH, Dembo L, Murray CP, O'Driscoll G, George KP, Green DJ. 2013. Does echocardiography accurately reflect CMR-determined changes in left ventricular parameters following exercise training? A prospective longitudinal study. J Appl Physiol (1985), 114 :1052-1057 >DOI >Link

Riding NR, Salah O, Farooq A, Wilson MG, George KP, Whyte GP, Sharma S, Carré F, Hamilton B, Chalabi H. 2013. ECG and morphologic adaptations in Arabic athletes: Are the European Society of Cardiology's recommendations for the interpretation of the 12-lead ECG appropriate for this ethnicity? British Journal of Sports Medicine, >DOI

Chan-Dewar F, Gregson W, Whyte G, Gaze D, Waterhouse J, Wen J, George K. 2013. Do the effects of high intensity 40 km cycling upon left ventricular function and cardiac biomarker during recovery vary with time of day? Journal of Sports Sciences, 31 :414-423 >DOI

Utomi V, Oxborough D, Whyte GP, Somauroo J, Sharma S, Shave R, Atkinson G, George K. 2013. Systematic review and meta-analysis of training mode, imaging modality and body size influences on the morphology and function of the male athlete's heart. Heart, 99 :1727-1733 >DOI >Link

Giannaki CD, Zigoulis P, Karatzaferi C, Hadjigeorgiou GM, George KP, Gourgoulianis K, Koutedakis Y, Stefanidis I, Sakkas GK. 2013. Periodic limb movements in sleep contribute to further cardiac structure abnormalities in hemodialysis patients with restless legs syndrome Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 9 :147-153 >DOI

Scafoglieri A, Tresignie J, Provyn S, Marfell-Jones M, George K, Clarys JP, Bautmans I. 2013. Accuracy and concordance of anthropometry for measuring regional fat distribution in adults aged 20-55 years American Journal of Human Biology, 25 :63-70 >DOI

Spence AL, Carter HH, Murray CP, Oxborough D, Naylor LH, George KP, Green DJ. 2013. Magnetic resonance imaging-derived right ventricular adaptations to endurance versus resistance training. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 45 :534-541 >DOI >Link

Chan-Dewar F, Gregson W, Whyte G, Gaze D, Waterhouse J, Wen J, George K. 2013. Do the effects of high intensity 40 km cycling upon left ventricular function and cardiac biomarker during recovery vary with time of day? J Sports Sci, 31 :414-423 >DOI >Link

Green DJ, Rowley N, Spence A, Carter H, Whyte G, George K, Naylor LH, Cable NT, Dawson EA, J Thijssen DH. 2013. Why isn't flow-mediated dilation enhanced in athletes? Med Sci Sports Exerc, 45 :75-82 >DOI >Link

Chan-Dewar F, Gregson W, Whyte G, King J, Gaze D, Carranza-García LE, Legaz-Arrese A, George K. 2013. Cardiac electromechanical delay is increased during recovery from 40km cycling but is not mediated by exercise intensity Scand J Med Sci Sports, :224-231 >DOI

Shave RE, Gaze D, Mehta R, Jeffries R, Williams K, Sprung T, George K. 2012. Influence Of Training Status Upon Exercise-induced Cardiac Troponin I Release JOURNAL OF GENERAL INTERNAL MEDICINE, 27 :659-659

Ismail TF, Angell P, Jabbour A, Mistry N, Wage R, Smith G, Gatehouse P, Firmin D, George K, Whyte G, Pennell D, Prasad S. 2012. Impact of Anabolic Steroid Use on the Cardiac Interstitium in Recreational Bodybuilders: a T-1-Mapping Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Study CIRCULATION, 126 >Link

Spence AL, Naylor LH, Carter HH, Murray CP, George KP, Green DJ. 2012. MRI Evaluation of Right Ventricular Adaptation to Resistance Versus Endurance Training: a 6-month Randomised Trial MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 44 :242-242 >Link

Riding N, Salah O, Hamilton B, Chalabi H, Carre F, Sharma S, Brouas R, George KP, Whyte GP, Wilson MG. 2012. Do Big Athletes Have Big Hearts? MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 44 :241-241 >Link

Whyte G, George K. 2012. Exercise and the heart Dialogues in Cardiovascular Medicine, 17 :7-27

Wilson MG, Sharma S, Carre F, Charron P, Richard P, O'Hanlon R, Prasad SK, Heidbuchel H, Brugada J, Salah O, Sheppard M, George KP, Whyte G, Hamilton B, Chalabi H. 2012. Significance of deep T-wave inversions in asymptomatic athletes with normal cardiovascular examinations: practical solutions for managing the diagnostic conundrum BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 46 :51-58 >DOI >Link

Riding NR, Salah O, Sharma S, Carre F, O'Hanlon R, George KP, Hamilton B, Chalabi H, Whyte GP, Wilson MG. 2012. Do big athletes have big hearts? Impact of extreme anthropometry upon cardiac hypertrophy in professional male athletes BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 46 :90-97 >DOI >Link

Scafoglieri A, Tresignie J, Provyn S, Marfell-Jones M, George K, Clarys JP, Bautmans I. 2012. Accuracy and concordance of anthropometry for measuring regional fat distribution in adults aged 20-55 years American Journal of Human Biology,

Rowley NJ, Green DJ, George K, Thijssen DHJ, Oxborough D, Sharma S, Somauroo JD, Jones J, Sheikh N, Whyte G. 2012. Peripheral vascular structure and function in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Br J Sports Med, 46 Suppl 1 :i98-103 >DOI >Link

George K, Whyte GP, Green DJ, Oxborough D, Shave RE, Gaze D, Somauroo J. 2012. The endurance athletes heart: acute stress and chronic adaptation. Br J Sports Med, 46 Suppl 1 :i29-i36 >DOI >Link

Angell PJ, Chester N, Sculthorpe N, Whyte G, George K, Somauroo J. 2012. Performance enhancing drug abuse and cardiovascular risk in athletes: implications for the clinician. Br J Sports Med, 46 Suppl 1 :i78-i84 >DOI >Link

Oxborough D, George K, Birch KM. 2012. Intraobserver reliability of two-dimensional ultrasound derived strain imaging in the assessment of the left ventricle, right ventricle, and left atrium of healthy human hearts Echocardiography, 29 :793-802 >DOI

Tian Y, Nie J, Huang C, George KP. 2012. The kinetics of highly sensitive cardiac troponin T release after prolonged treadmill exercise in adolescent and adult athletes Journal of Applied Physiology, 113 :418-425 >DOI

Mehta R, Gaze D, Mohan S, Williams KL, Sprung V, George K, Jeffries R, Hudson Z, Perry M, Shave R. 2012. Post-exercise cardiac troponin release is related to exercise training history International Journal of Sports Medicine, 33 :333-337 >DOI

Eijsvogels TMH, Veltmeijer MTW, George K, Hopman MTE, Thijssen DHJ. 2012. The impact of obesity on cardiac troponin levels after prolonged exercise in humans. Eur J Appl Physiol, 112 :1725-1732 >DOI >Link

George KP, Somauroo F. 2012. Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in Athletes DEUTSCHE ZEITSCHRIFT FUR SPORTMEDIZIN, 63 :63-68 >DOI >Link

Rowley NJ, Dawson EA, Hopman MTE, George KP, Whyte GP, Thijssen DHJ, Green DJ. 2012. Conduit diameter and wall remodeling in elite athletes and spinal cord injury Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44 :844-849 >DOI

Oxborough D, George K, Birch KM. 2012. Intraobserver reliability of two-dimensional ultrasound derived strain imaging in the assessment of the left ventricle, right ventricle, and left atrium of healthy human hearts. Echocardiography, 29 :793-802 >DOI >Link

George KP, Somauroo J. 2012. Left ventricular diastolic function in athletes Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Sportmedizin, 63 :63-68 >DOI

Oxborough D, Sharma S, Shave R, Whyte G, Birch K, Artis N, Batterham AM, George K. 2012. The right ventricle of the endurance athlete: The relationship between morphology and deformation Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, 25 :263-271 >DOI

Mehta R, Gaze D, Mohan S, Williams KL, Sprung V, George K, Jeffries R, Hudson Z, Perry M, Shave R. 2012. Post-exercise cardiac troponin release is related to exercise training history. Int J Sports Med, 33 :333-337 >DOI >Link

Tew GA, George KP, Cable NT, Hodges GJ. 2012. Endurance exercise training enhances cutaneous microvascular reactivity in post-menopausal women Microvascular Research, 83 :223-228 >DOI

Angell P, Chester N, Green D, Somauroo J, Whyte G, George K. 2012. Anabolic steroids and cardiovascular risk. Sports Med, 42 :119-134 >DOI >Link

Angell PJ, Chester N, Green DJ, Shah R, Somauroo J, Whyte G, George K. 2012. Anabolic steroid use and longitudinal, radial, and circumferential cardiac motion. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 44 :583-590 >DOI >Link

Shave RE, Gaze D, Mehta R, Jeffries R, Williams K, Sprung T, George K. 2011. Influence Of Training Status Upon Exercise-induced Cardiac Troponin I Release MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 43 :659-659 >DOI >Link

Eijsvogels TMH, Veltmeijer MTW, George K, Hopman MTE, Thijssen DHJ. 2011. The impact of obesity on cardiac troponin levels after prolonged exercise in humans European Journal of Applied Physiology, :1-8

Tew GA, George KP, Cable NT, Hodges GJ. 2011. Endurance exercise training enhances cutaneous microvascular reactivity in post-menopausal women Microvascular Research,

George KP, Birch KM, Pennell DJ, Myerson SG. 2011. Erratum to "Magnetic-resonance-imaging-derived indices for the normalization of left ventricular morphology by body size" [Magn Reson Imaging 27 (2009) 207-213] Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 29 :889 >DOI

Legaz-Arrese A, George K, Carranza-García LE, Munguía-Izquierdo D, Moros-García T, Serrano-Ostáriz E. 2011. The impact of exercise intensity on the release of cardiac biomarkers in marathon runners European Journal of Applied Physiology, :1-7

Nie J, George KP, Tong TK, Tian Y, Shi Q. 2011. Effect of repeated endurance runs on cardiac biomarkers and function in adolescents. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 43 :2081-2088 >DOI >Link

George KP, Birch KM, Pennell DJ, Myerson SG. 2011. Magnetic-resonance-imaging-derived indices for the normalization of left ventricular morphology by body size (vol 27, pg 207, 2009) MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, 29 :889-889 >DOI >Link

Batterham AM, George KP, Birch KM, Pennell DJ, Myerson SG. 2011. Growth of Left Ventricular Mass with Military Basic Training in Army Recruits MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 43 :1295-1300 >DOI >Link

George KP, Warburton DER, Oxborough D, Scott JM, Esch BTA, Williams K, Charlesworth S, Foulds H, Oxborough A, Hoffman MD, Shave R. 2011. Upper Limits of Physiological Cardiac Adaptation in Ultramarathon Runners JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 57 :754-755 >DOI >Link

Spence AL, Naylor LH, Carter HH, Buck CL, Dembo L, Murray CP, Watson P, Oxborough D, George KP, Green DJ. 2011. A prospective randomised longitudinal MRI study of left ventricular adaptation to endurance and resistance exercise training in humans. J Physiol, 589 :5443-5452 >DOI >Link

Legaz-Arrese A, George K, Enrique Carranza-Garcia L, Munguia-Izquierdo D, Moros-Garcia T, Serrano-Ostariz E. 2011. The impact of exercise intensity on the release of cardiac biomarkers in marathon runners EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 111 :2961-2967 >DOI >Link

Nie J, George KP, Tong TK, Gaze D, Tian Y, Lin H, Shi Q. 2011. The Influence of a Half-Marathon Race Upon Cardiac Troponin T Release in Adolescent Runners CURRENT MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 18 :3452-3456 >DOI >Link

George K, Spence A, Naylor LH, Whyte GP, Green DJ. 2011. Cardiac adaptation to acute and chronic participation in endurance sports. Heart, 97 :1999-2004 >DOI >Link

Rowley NJ, Dawson EA, Hopman MT, George K, Whyte GP, Thijssen DH, Green DJ. 2011. Conduit Diameter and Wall Remodelling In Elite Athletes and Spinal Cord Injury. Med Sci Sports Exerc, >DOI >Link

Nie J, Tong TK, George K, Fu FH, Lin H, Shi Q. 2011. Resting and post-exercise serum biomarkers of cardiac and skeletal muscle damage in adolescent runners. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 21 :625-629 >DOI >Link

Williams K, George K, Hulton A, Godfrey R, Lahart I, Wilson MG, Charlesworth S, Warburton D, Gaze D, Whyte G. 2011. A unique case series of novel biomarkers of cardiac damage in cyclists completing the 4800 km Race Across America (RAAM). Curr Med Chem, 18 :3446-3451 >Link

Wilson M, O'Hanlon R, Prasad S, Deighan A, MacMillan P, Oxborough D, Godfrey R, Smith G, Maceira A, Sharma S, George K, Whyte G. 2011. Diverse patterns of myocardial fibrosis in lifelong, veteran endurance athletes JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 110 :1622-1626 >DOI >Link

Carranza-Garcia LE, George K, Serrano-Ostariz E, Casado-Arroyo R, Caballero-Navarro AL, Legaz-Arrese A. 2011. Cardiac Biomarker Response to Intermittent Exercise Bouts INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 32 :327-331 >DOI >Link

Wilson MG, O'Hanlon R, Prasad SK, Sharma S, George K, Whyte G. 2011. Reply to: do marathon runners face an "ominous" risk of myocardial fibrosis? EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 111 :1227-1229 >DOI >Link

Rowley NJ, Dawson EA, Birk GK, Cable NT, George K, Whyte G, Thijssen DHJ, Green DJ. 2011. Exercise and arterial adaptation in humans: uncoupling localized and systemic effects JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 110 :1190-1195 >DOI >Link

Oxborough D, Shave R, Warburton D, Williams K, Oxborough A, Charlesworth S, Foulds H, Hoffman MD, Birch K, George K. 2011. Dilatation and Dysfunction of the Right Ventricle Immediately After Ultraendurance Exercise Exploratory Insights From Conventional Two-Dimensional and Speckle Tracking Echocardiography CIRCULATION-CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING, 4 :253-263 >DOI >Link

Murrell CJ, Cotter JD, George K, Shave R, Wilson L, Thomas K, Williams MJA, Ainslie PN. 2011. Syncope is unrelated to supine and postural hypotension following prolonged exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol, 111 :469-476 >DOI >Link

Murrell CJ, Cotter JD, George K, Shave R, Wilson L, Thomas K, Williams MJA, Ainslie PN. 2011. Cardiorespiratory and cerebrovascular responses to head-up tilt I: influence of age and training status. Exp Gerontol, 46 :9-17 >DOI >Link

Murrell CJ, Cotter JD, George K, Shave R, Wilson L, Thomas K, Williams MJA, Ainslie PN. 2011. Cardiorespiratory and cerebrovascular responses to head-up tilt II: influence of age, training status and acute exercise. Exp Gerontol, 46 :1-8 >DOI >Link

George K, Serrano-Ostariz E, Terreros-Blanco JL, Legaz-Arrese A, Shave R, Bocos-Terraz P, Alvarez_Izquerido S, Bancalero JL, Echavarri JM, Quilez J, Aragones MT, Carranza-Garcia LE. 2011. The impact of exercise duration and intensity on the release of cardiac biomarkers Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 21 :244-249

George K, Nie J, Tong TK, Fu FH, Lin H, Shi Q. 2011. Resting and post-exercise serum biomarkers of cardiac and skeletal muscle damage in adolescent runners. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine in Science and Sports,

Wilson M, O'Hanlon R, Prasad S, Oxborough D, Godfrey R, Alpendurada F, Smith G, Wong J, Basavarajaiah S, Sharma S, Nevill A, Gaze D, George K, Whyte G. 2011. Biological markers of cardiac damage are not related to measures of cardiac systolic and diastolic function using cardiovascular magnetic resonance and echocardiography after an acute bout of prolonged endurance exercise. Br J Sports Med, 45 :780-784 >DOI >Link

Shave R, Baggish A, George K, Wood M, Scharhag J, Whyte G, Gaze D, Thompson PD. 2010. Reply Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 56 :2145-2146 >DOI

O'Hanlon R, Wilson M, Wage R, Smith G, Alpendurada F, Wong J, Dahl A, Oxborough D, Godfrey R, Sharma S, Roughton M, George K, Pennell D, Whyte G, Prasad S. 2010. Troponin release following endurance exercise: Is inflammation the cause? A cardiovascular magnetic resonance study Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, 12 >DOI

Nie J, Close G, George KP, Tong TK, Shi Q. 2010. Temporal association of elevations in serum cardiac troponin T and myocardial oxidative stress after prolonged exercise in rats EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 110 :1299-1303 >DOI >Link

Hodges GJ, Sharp L, Stephenson C, Patwala AY, George KP, Goldspink DF, Cable NT. 2010. The effect of 48 weeks of aerobic exercise training on cutaneous vasodilator function in post-menopausal females EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 108 :1259-1267 >DOI >Link

Hodges GJ, Sharp L, Clements RE, Goldspink DF, George KP, Cable NT. 2010. Influence of age, sex, and aerobic capacity on forearm and skin blood flow and vascular conductance. Eur J Appl Physiol, 109 :1009-1015 >DOI >Link

Stapleton CH, Elias J, Green DJ, Cable NT, George KP. 2010. Arterial compression during overhead throwing: a risk for arterial injury? Ultrasound Med Biol, 36 :1259-1266 >DOI >Link

Privett SE, George KP, Whyte GP, Cable NT. 2010. The effectiveness of compression garments and lower limb exercise on post-exercise blood pressure regulation in orthostatically intolerant athletes. Clin J Sport Med, 20 :362-367 >DOI >Link

Taylor CE, Jones H, Zaregarizi M, Cable NT, George KP, Atkinson G. 2010. Blood pressure status and post-exercise hypotension: an example of a spurious correlation in hypertension research? J Hum Hypertens, 24 :585-592 >DOI >Link

Privett SE, George KP, Middleton N, Whyte GP, Cable NT. 2010. The effect of prolonged endurance exercise upon blood pressure regulation during a postexercise orthostatic challenge. Br J Sports Med, 44 :720-724 >DOI >Link

Hart EC, Rasmussen P, Secher NH, George KP, Cable NT, Volianitis S, Shave R. 2010. The carotid baroreflex is reset following prolonged exercise in humans ACTA PHYSIOLOGICA, 200 :291-299 >DOI >Link

Oxborough D, Birch K, Shave R, George K. 2010. "Exercise-Induced Cardiac Fatigue"-A Review of the Echocardiographic Literature ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY-A JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR ULTRASOUND AND ALLIED TECHNIQUES, 27 :1130-1140 >DOI >Link

Fu FH, Nie J, George K, Tong TK, Lin H, Shi Q. 2010. IMPACT OF A 21-KM RUN ON CARDIAC BIOMARKERS IN ADOLESCENT RUNNERS JOURNAL OF EXERCISE SCIENCE & FITNESS, 8 :61-66 >DOI >Link

Shave R, Baggish A, George K, Wood M, Scharhag J, Whyte G, Gaze D, Thompson PD. 2010. Exercise-Induced Troponin Elevation Not Necessarily a Benign Phenomenon Reply JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 56 :2145-2146 >DOI >Link

Wilson M, O'Hanlon R, Basavarajaiah S, George K, Green D, Ainslie P, Sharma S, Prasad S, Murrell C, Thijssen D, Nevill A, Whyte G. 2010. Cardiovascular function and the veteran athlete EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 110 :459-478 >DOI >Link

Oxborough D, Whyte G, Wilson M, O'Hanlon R, Birch K, Shave R, Smith G, Godfrey R, Prasad S, George K. 2010. A Depression in Left Ventricular Diastolic Filling following Prolonged Strenuous Exercise is Associated with Changes in Left Atrial Mechanics JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, 23 :968-976 >DOI >Link

George K, Naylor LH, Whyte GP, Shave RE, Oxborough D, Green DJ. 2010. Diastolic function in healthy humans: Non-invasive assessment and the impact of acute and chronic exercise European Journal of Applied Physiology, :1-14

George K, Privett SE, Middleton N, Shave R, Whyte GP, Cable NT. 2010. The effect of prolonged endurance exercise upon blood pressure regulation during a post-exercise orthostatic challenge British Journal of Sports Medicine,

George K, Boddy LM, Stratton G, Hackett AF. 2010. The effectiveness of a "short, sharp, shock" high intensity exercise intervention in 11- and 12-year old Liverpool schoolgirls ARchives of Exercise in Health and Disease, 1 :19-25

George K, Hodges GJ, Sharp L, Stephenson C, Patwala AY, Goldspink DF, Cable NT. 2010. The effects of 48 weeks of aerobic exercise training on cutaneous vasodilator function in post menopausal females European Journal of Applied PHysiology,

George K, Stapleton C, Green DJ, Cable NT. 2010. Arterial compression during overhead throwing: a risk for arterial injury? Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology,

O'Hanlon R, Wilson M, Wage R, Smith G, Alpendurada FD, Wong J, Dahl A, Oxborough D, Godfrey R, Sharma S, Roughton M, George K, Pennell DJ, Whyte G, Prasad SK. 2010. Troponin release following endurance exercise: is inflammation the cause? a cardiovascular magnetic resonance study JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE, 12 >DOI >Link

Shave R, Baggish A, George K, Wood M, Scharhag J, Whyte G, Gaze D, Thompson PD. 2010. Exercise-induced cardiac troponin elevation: evidence, mechanisms, and implications. J Am Coll Cardiol, 56 :169-176 >DOI >Link

Eijsvogels T, George K, Shave R, Gaze D, Levine BD, Hopman MTE, Thijssen DHJ. 2010. Effect of Prolonged Walking on Cardiac Troponin Levels AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 105 :267-272 >DOI >Link

Shave R, Ross P, Low D, George K, Gaze D. 2010. Cardiac troponin I is released following high-intensity short-duration exercise in healthy humans. Int J Cardiol, 145 :337-339 >DOI >Link

Hopkins ND, Green DJ, Tinken TM, Sutton L, McWhannell N, Cable NT, Stratton G, George K. 2010. Does brachial artery flow-mediated dilation scale to anthropometric characteristics? Eur J Appl Physiol, 110 :171-176 >DOI >Link

Chan-Dewar F, Oxborough D, Shave R, Gregson W, Whyte G, George K. 2010. Left ventricular myocardial strain and strain rates in sub-endocardial and sub-epicardial layers before and after a marathon. Eur J Appl Physiol, 109 :1191-1196 >DOI >Link

Ross EZ, Gregson W, Williams K, Robertson C, George K. 2010. Muscle Contractile Function and Neural Control after Repetitive Endurance Cycling MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 42 :206-212 >DOI >Link

Jones H, Green DJ, George K, Atkinson G. 2010. Intermittent exercise abolishes the diurnal variation in endothelial-dependent flow-mediated dilation in humans. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 298 :R427-R432 >DOI >Link

Chan-Dewar F, Oxborough D, Shave R, Gregson W, Whyte G, Noakes T, George K. 2010. Evidence of increased electro-mechanical delay in the left and right ventricle after prolonged exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol, 108 :581-587 >DOI >Link

George KP, Birch KM, Pennell DJ, Myerson SG. 2009. Magnetic-resonance-imaging-derived indices for the normalization of left ventricular morphology by body size. Magn Reson Imaging, 27 :207-213 >DOI >Link

Oxborough D, Batterham AM, Shave R, Artis N, Birch KM, Whyte G, Ainslie PN, George KP. 2009. Interpretation of two-dimensional and tissue Doppler-derived strain (epsilon) and strain rate data: is there a need to normalize for individual variability in left ventricular morphology? EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, 10 :677-682 >DOI >Link

Goldspink DF, George KP, Chantler PD, Clements RE, Sharp L, Hodges G, Stephenson C, Reilly TP, Patwala A, Szakmany T, Tan L-B, Cable NT. 2009. A study of presbycardia, with gender differences favoring ageing women. Int J Cardiol, 137 :236-245 >DOI >Link

Jones H, Green DJ, George KP, Black MA, Atkinson G. 2009. Evidence for a greater elevation in vascular shear stress after morning exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 41 :1188-1193 >DOI >Link

Atkinson G, Leary AC, George KP, Murphy MB, Jones H. 2009. 24-hour variation in the reactivity of rate-pressure-product to everyday physical activity in patients attending a hypertension clinic. Chronobiol Int, 26 :958-973 >DOI >Link

Stapleton CH, Green DJ, Cable NT, George KP. 2009. Flow-mediated dilation and intima-media thickness of the brachial and axillary arteries in individuals with and without inducible axillary artery compression. Ultrasound Med Biol, 35 :1443-1451 >DOI >Link

Whyte G, Whyte G, Stephens N, Senior R, George K, Shave R, Wilson M, Sharma S. 2009. Treat the patient not the blood test: the implications of an increase in cardiac troponin after prolonged endurance exercise. BMJ Case Rep, 2009 >DOI >Link

Whyte G, Sheppard M, George K, Shave R, Prasad S, O'Hanlon R, Sharma S. 2009. Post-mortem evidence of idiopathic left ventricular hypertrophy and idiopathic interstitial myocardial fibrosis: is exercise the cause? BMJ Case Rep, 2009 >DOI >Link

George K, Birch KM, Pennell DJ, Myerson SG. 2009. Left ventricular mass and dimensions: determining the most appropriate index to account for body size using MRI. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, :207-213

George K, Jones H, Green DJ, Black MA, Atkinson G. 2009. Evidence for elevated vascular shear stress following morning exercise Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, :1188-1193

George K, Atkinson G, Leary AC, Murphy MB. 2009. 24-hour variation in the reactivity of rate-pressure-product to everyday physical activity in patients attending a hypertension clinic Chronobiology International, :958-973

George K, Stapleton C, Green DJ, Cable NT. 2009. Flow mediated dilation and intima media thickness of the brachial and axillary arteries in individuals with and without inducible axillary artery compression Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, :1443-1451

George K, Oxborough D, Batterham AM, Shave R, Artis N, Birch KM, Whyte G, Ainslie PN. 2009. Interpretation of 2D and tissue-Doppler derived strain (ε) and strain rate (SR) data: is there a need to normalise for individual variability in left ventricular morphology? European Journal of Echocardiography, :677-682

George K, Goldspink D, Bun-Tan L, Cable NT. 2009. A study of presbycardia, with gender differences favouring ageing women International Journal of Cardiology, :236-245

George K, Taylor CE, Jones H, Zaregarizi M, Cable NT. 2009. Blood pressure status and post-exercise hypotension: an example of a spurious correlation in hypertension research. Journal of Human HYpertension,

Shave R, George K, Gaze D. 2009. Post-Exercise Release of Cardiac Troponins Reply JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 53 :1341-1342 >DOI >Link

Murrell C, Cotter JD, George K, Shave R, Wilson L, Thomas K, Williams MJA, Lowe T, Ainslie PN. 2009. Influence of age on syncope following prolonged exercise: differential responses but similar orthostatic intolerance JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, 587 :5959-5969 >DOI >Link

Iga J, George K, Lees A, Reilly T. 2009. Cross-sectional investigation of indices of isokinetic leg strength in youth soccer players and untrained individuals SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE & SCIENCE IN SPORTS, 19 :714-719 >DOI >Link

Hopkins ND, Stratton G, Tinken TM, McWhannell N, Ridgers ND, Graves LEF, George K, Cable NT, Green DJ. 2009. Relationships between measures of fitness, physical activity, body composition and vascular function in children. Atherosclerosis, 204 :244-249 >DOI >Link

Williams K, Gregson W, Robertson C, Datson N, Whyte G, Murrell C, Wilson L, Ainslie P, Ross E, Shave R, Gaze D, George K. 2009. Alterations in left ventricular function and cardiac biomarkers as a consequence of repetitive endurance cycling EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE, 9 :97-105 >DOI >Link

Shave R, George K, Whyte G, Middleton N, Hart E, Artis N, Oxborough D. 2009. A comparison of Doppler, tissue Doppler imaging, and strain rate imaging in the assessment of postexercise left ventricular function APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY NUTRITION AND METABOLISM-PHYSIOLOGIE APPLIQUEE NUTRITION ET METABOLISME, 34 :33-39 >DOI >Link

Scott JM, Esch BTA, Shave R, Warburton DER, Gaze D, George K. 2009. Cardiovascular Consequences of Completing a 160-km Ultramarathon MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 41 :25-33 >DOI >Link

Hopkins ND, Green DJ, Tinken TM, Sutton L, McWhannell N, Thijssen DHJ, Cable NT, Stratton G, George K. 2009. Does conduit artery diameter vary according to the anthropometric characteristics of children or men? Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 297 :H2182-H2187 >DOI >Link

Reilly T, George K, Marfell-Jones M, Scott M, Sutton L, Wallace JA. 2009. How well do skinfold equations predict percent body fat in elite soccer players? Int J Sports Med, 30 :607-613 >DOI >Link

Jones H, Taylor CE, Lewis NCS, George K, Atkinson G. 2009. Post-exercise blood pressure reduction is greater following intermittent than continuous exercise and is influenced less by diurnal variation. Chronobiol Int, 26 :293-306 >DOI >Link

Harriss DJ, Atkinson G, George K, Cable NT, Reilly T, Haboubi N, Zwahlen M, Egger M, Renehan AG, C-CLEAR group . 2009. Lifestyle factors and colorectal cancer risk (1): systematic review and meta-analysis of associations with body mass index. Colorectal Dis, 11 :547-563 >DOI >Link

Harriss DJ, Atkinson G, Batterham A, George K, Cable NT, Reilly T, Haboubi N, Renehan AG, Colorectal Cancer, Lifestyle, Exercise And Research Group . 2009. Lifestyle factors and colorectal cancer risk (2): a systematic review and meta-analysis of associations with leisure-time physical activity. Colorectal Dis, 11 :689-701 >DOI >Link

Jones H, George K, Edwards B, Atkinson G. 2009. Exercise intensity and blood pressure during sleep. Int J Sports Med, 30 :94-99 >DOI

George K, Shave R, Oxborough D, Cable T, Dawson E, Artis N, Gaze D, Hew-Butler T, Sharwood K, Noakes T. 2009. Left ventricular wall segment motion after ultra-endurance exercise in humans assessed by myocardial speckle tracking. Eur J Echocardiogr, 10 :238-243 >DOI >Link

Stapleton C, Herrington L, George K. 2009. Sonographic evaluation of the subclavian artery during thoracic outlet syndrome shoulder manoeuvres. Man Ther, 14 :19-27 >DOI >Link

Hart ECJ, Rasmussen P, Secher NH, George KP, Cable T, Volianitis S. 2008. The carotid baroreflex is reset following prolonged exercise in humans FASEB JOURNAL, 22 >Link

Dawson EA, Black MA, Jones H, Hopkins N, Shave R, George KP, Wilson M, Whyte G, Green DJ. 2008. Impact Of The London Marathon On Brachial Artery Flow-Mediated Vasodilation MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40 :S90-S91 >DOI >Link

Ainslie PN, Cotter JD, George KP, Lucas S, Murrell C, Shave R, Thomas KN, Williams MJA, Atkinson G. 2008. Elevation in cerebral blood flow velocity with aerobic fitness throughout healthy human ageing JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, 586 :4005-4010 >DOI >Link

Lucas SJE, Cotter JD, Murrell C, Wilson L, Anson JG, Gaze D, George KP, Ainslie PN. 2008. Mechanisms of orthostatic intolerance following very prolonged exercise JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 105 :213-225 >DOI >Link

Henaghan J, McWhannell N, Foweather L, Cable NT, Batterham AM, Stratton G, George KP. 2008. The effect of structured exercise classes and a lifestyle intervention on cardiovascular risk factors in primary schoolchildren: an exploratory trial (The A-CLASS Project). Pediatr Exerc Sci, 20 :169-180 >Link

Dawson EA, Whyte GP, Black MA, Jones H, Hopkins N, Oxborough D, Gaze D, Shave RE, Wilson M, George KP, Green DJ. 2008. Changes in vascular and cardiac function after prolonged strenuous exercise in humans. J Appl Physiol (1985), 105 :1562-1568 >DOI >Link

Scott JM, George K, Esch BTA, Warburton DER, Gaze D, Shave R. 2008. Left Ventricular Function and Cardiac Biomarker Changes Following the Western States 100 mile Running Race MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40 :S281-S281 >DOI >Link

Esch BT, Shave R, Scott JM, Warburton DER, George K. 2008. Myocardial Strain Analysis Following the Western States 100-Mile Mountain Race MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40 :S281-S281 >DOI >Link

George K, Henaghan J, McWhannell N, Foweather L, Cable NT, Batterham A, Stratton G. 2008. The effect of structured exercise classes and a lifestyle intervention on cardiovascular risk factors in primary school children: An exploratory* trial (The A-Class Project). Pediatric Exercise Science, 20 :169-180

George K, Aisnlie P, Cotter JD, Lucas S, Murrell C, Shave R, Thomas K, Williams MJ, Atkinson G. 2008. Elevation in cerebral blood flow velocity with aerobic fitness throughout healthy human ageing Journal of Physiology, :4005-4010

George K, Dawson EA, Whyte GP, Black MA, Jones H, HOpkins N, Oxborough D, Gaze D, Shave RE, Wilson M, Green DJ. 2008. Changes in vascular and cardiac function after prolonged strenuous exercise in humans Journal of Applied Physiology, :1562-1568

George K, Lucas SJE, Cotter JD, Murrell M, Wilson I, Anson G, Gaze D, Ainslie PN. 2008. Mechanisms of orthostatic intolerance following very prolonged exercise Journal of Applied Physiology, :213-225

Middleton N, George K, Whyte G, Gaze D, Collinson P, Shave R. 2008. Cardiac Troponin T Release Is Stimulated by Endurance Exercise in Healthy Humans JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 52 :1813-1814 >DOI >Link

Naylor LH, Watts K, Sharpe JA, Jones TW, Davis EA, Thompson A, George K, Ramsay JM, O'Driscoll G, Green DJ. 2008. Resistance Training and Diastolic Myocardial Tissue Velocities in Obese Children MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40 :2027-2032 >DOI >Link

Ross E, Middleton N, Shave R, George K, McConnell A. 2008. Changes in respiratory muscle and lung function following marathon running in man JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 26 :1295-1301 >DOI >Link

Peng T, Ainslie PN, Cotter JD, Murrell C, Thomas K, Williams MJA, George K, Shave R, Rowley AB, Payne SJ. 2008. The effects of age on the spontaneous low-frequency oscillations in cerebral and systemic cardiovascular dynamics PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT, 29 :1055-1069 >DOI >Link

Batterham A, Shave R, Oxborough D, Whyte G, George K. 2008. Longitudinal plane colour tissue-Doppler myocardial velocities and their association with left ventricular length, volume, and mass in humans EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, 9 :542-546 >DOI >Link

Scharhag J, George K, Shave R, Urhausen A, Kindermann W. 2008. Exercise-associated increases in cardiac biomarkers MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40 :1408-1415 >DOI >Link

Shave R, George K, Whyte G, Hart E, Middleton N. 2008. Postexercise changes in left ventricular function: The evidence so far MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 40 :1393-1399 >DOI >Link

Scharhag J, Shave R, George K, Whyte G, Kindermann W. 2008. "Exercise-induced increases in cardiac troponins in endurance athletes: A matter of exercise duration and intensity?" CLINICAL RESEARCH IN CARDIOLOGY, 97 :62-63 >DOI >Link

Naylor LH, George K, O'Driscoll G, Green DJ. 2008. The athlete's heart - A contemporary appraisal of the 'Morganroth hypothesis' SPORTS MEDICINE, 38 :69-90 >DOI >Link

Stapleton C, Herrington L, George K. 2008. Sonographic evaluation of the axillary artery during simulated overhead throwing arm positions. Phys Ther Sport, 9 :126-135 >DOI >Link

Jones H, George K, Edwards B, Atkinson G. 2008. Effects of time of day on post-exercise blood pressure: circadian or sleep-related influences? Chronobiol Int, 25 :987-998 >DOI >Link

Giannaki CD, Oxborough D, George K. 2008. Diastolic Doppler flow and tissue Doppler velocities during, and in recovery from, low-intensity supine exercise. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 33 :896-902 >DOI >Link

George K, Shave R, Warburton D, Scharhag J, Whyte G. 2008. Exercise and the heart: can you have too much of a good thing? Med Sci Sports Exerc, 40 :1390-1392 >DOI >Link

Jones H, Pritchard C, George K, Edwards B, Atkinson G. 2008. The acute post-exercise response of blood pressure varies with time of day. Eur J Appl Physiol, 104 :481-489 >DOI >Link

Stapleton CH, Herrington L, George K. 2008. Anterior translation at the glenohumeral joint: a cause of axillary artery compression? Am J Sports Med, 36 :539-544 >DOI >Link

Whyte GP, George K, Shave R, Middleton N, Nevill AM. 2008. Training induced changes in maximum heart rate. Int J Sports Med, 29 :129-133 >DOI >Link

Whyte G, Sheppard M, George K, Shave R, Wilson M, Prasad S, O'Hanlon R, Sharma S. 2008. Post-mortem evidence of idiopathic left ventricular hypertrophy and idiopathic interstitial myocardial fibrosis: is exercise the cause? Br J Sports Med, 42 :304-305 >DOI >Link

Harriss DJ, Cable NT, George K, Reilly T, Renehan AG, Haboubi N. 2007. Physical Activity Before and After Diagnosis of Colorectal Cancer : Disease Risk, Clinical Outcomes, Response Pathways and Biomarkers. Sports Med, 37 :947-960 >DOI >Link

Lane AM, Whyte GP, George K, Shave R, Stevens MJ, Barney S. 2007. Marathon: A fun run? Mood state changes among runners at the London marathon :261-270

Shave R, George KP, Atkinson G, Hart E, Middleton N, Whyte G, Gaze D, Collinson PO. 2007. Exercise-induced cardiac troponin T release: A meta-analysis MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 39 :2099-2106 >DOI >Link

Whyte GP, Sheppard M, George KP, Shave RE, Wilson M, Stephens N, Senior R, Sharma S. 2007. Arrhythmias and the athlete: mechanisms and clinical significance EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL, 28 :1399-1400 >DOI >Link

Dawson EA, Shave R, Whyte G, Ball D, Selmer C, Jans O, Secher NH, George KP. 2007. Preload maintenance and the left ventricular response to prolonged exercise in men EXPERIMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY, 92 :383-390 >DOI >Link

George K, South M. 2007. The effect of peroneal muscle fatigue on ankle joint position sense. Physical Therapy in Sport, 8 :82-87

George K, Dawson EA, Shave RE, Whyte GP, Ball D, Selmer C, Jans O, Secher NH. 2007. Preload maintenance and the left ventricular response to prolonged exercise Experimental Physiology, 2007 :383-390

George K, Algafly AA. 2007. The effect of cryotherapy on nerve conduction velocity, pain threshold and pain tolerance British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41 :365-369

George K, Rasool J. 2007. The impact of single-leg dynamic balance training on dynamic stability Physical Therapy in Sport, 8 :177-184

George K, Shave R, Atkinson G, Whyte G, Middleton N, Hart E, Gaze D. 2007. Exercise-induced cardiac troponin T release: a meta analysis Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39 :2099-2106

Hart E, Shave R, Middleton N, George K, Whyte G, Oxborough D. 2007. Effect of preload augmentation on pulsed wave and tissue Doppler echocardiographic indices of diastolic function after a marathon JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, 20 :1393-1399 >DOI >Link

Middleton N, Shave R, George K, Whyte G, Hart E, Oxborough D, Forster J, Gaze D. 2007. Altered left ventricular diastolic filling following a marathon is a reproducible phenomenon INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 122 :87-89 >DOI >Link

Hew-Butler T, Sharwood K, Boulter J, Collins M, Tucker R, Dugas J, Shave R, George K, Cable T, Verbalis JG, Noakes T. 2007. Dysnatremia predicts a delayed recovery in collapsed ultramarathon runners CLINICAL JOURNAL OF SPORT MEDICINE, 17 :289-296 >DOI >Link

Murrell C, Wilson L, Cotter JD, Lucas S, Ogoh S, George K, Ainslie PN. 2007. Alterations in autonomic function and cerebral hemodynamics to orthostatic challenge following a mountain marathon JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 103 :88-96 >DOI >Link

Shave R, George K, Gaze D. 2007. The influence of exercise upon cardiac biomarkers: A practical guide for clinicians and scientists CURRENT MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 14 :1427-1436 >DOI >Link

Ross EZ, Middleton N, Shave R, George K, Nowicky A. 2007. Corticomotor excitability contributes to neuromuscular fatigue following marathon running in man EXPERIMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY, 92 :417-426 >DOI >Link

Simpson RJ, Florida-James GD, Whyte GP, Middleton N, Shave R, George K, Guy K. 2007. The effects of marathon running on expression of the complement regulatory proteins CD55 (DAF) and CD59 (MACIF) on red blood cells EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 99 :201-204 >DOI >Link

Middleton N, Shave R, George K, Whyte G, Simpson R, Florida-James G, Gaze D. 2007. Impact of repeated prolonged exercise bouts on cardiac function and biomarkers MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 39 :83-90 >DOI >Link

Harriss DJ, Cable NT, George K, Reilly T, Renehan AG, Haboubi N. 2007. Physical activity before and after diagnosis of colorectal cancer: disease risk, clinical outcomes, response pathways and biomarkers. Sports Med, 37 :947-960 >DOI >Link

Jones H, George K, Edwards B, Atkinson G. 2007. Is the magnitude of acute post-exercise hypotension mediated by exercise intensity or total work done? Eur J Appl Physiol, 102 :33-40 >DOI >Link

Zaregarizi M, Edwards B, George K, Harrison Y, Jones H, Atkinson G. 2007. Acute changes in cardiovascular function during the onset period of daytime sleep: comparison to lying awake and standing. J Appl Physiol (1985), 103 :1332-1338 >DOI >Link

Whyte G, Stephens N, Senior R, George K, Shave R, Wilson M, Sharma S. 2007. Treat the patient not the blood test: the implications of an increase in cardiac troponin after prolonged endurance exercise. Br J Sports Med, 41 :613-615 >DOI >Link

Wallace JA, George K, Reilly T. 2006. Validity of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for body composition analysis Contemporary Ergonomics 2006, :513-515

Wallace JA, Egan E, George K, Reilly T. 2006. Body composition in competitive male sports groups Contemporary Ergonomics 2006, :516-518

Hart E, Dawson E, Rasmussen P, George K, Secher NH, Whyte G, Shave R. 2006. β-Adrenergic receptor desensitization in man: Insight into post-exercise attenuation of cardiac function Journal of Physiology, 577 :717-725 >DOI

Privett SE, Whyte GP, George KP, Mulcahy JM, Cable NT. 2006. Pre- and Post-Exercise Orthostatic Stress: Effect of Compression Trousers and Heel-Raises MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 38 :S194-S194 >DOI >Link

Stephenson CE, Cable T, George KP. 2006. An Echocardiographic Evaluation of Cardiac Adaptation to Prolonged and Competitive Training in Post-Menopausal Female Athletes. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 38 :S320-S321 >DOI >Link

Hodges GJ, Cable NT, George KP. 2006. Impact of Aerobic Exercise Training on Cutaneous Vasodilatation in Post-Menopausal Females MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 38 :S195-S195 >DOI >Link

Hart EC, Shave R, George K, Oxborough D, Middleton N, Whyte G. 2006. Effect of Preload Augmentation on Indices of Left Ventricular Diastolic Function following a Marathon MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 38 :S323-S323 >DOI >Link

George K, Shave R, Oxborough D, Dawson E, Worthy J, Privett S, Cable T, Hew-Butler T, Sherwood K, Noakes T. 2006. Longitudinal, Radial and Circumferential 2-D Strain Imaging: A New Method for Evaluating Exercise-Induced Cardiac Fatigue MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 38 :S322-S322 >DOI >Link

Middleton N, Shave R, George K, Whyte G, Hart E, Forster J, Oxborough D, Gaze D. 2006. Alterations in Left Ventricular Function are Repeated Consistently within the Same Cohort Following Two Separate Marathons MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 38 :S321-S322 >DOI >Link

Atkinson G, Middleton N, George K, Shave R. 2006. Echocardiograph-determined Left Ventricular Function Immediately After Prolonged Exercise: a Meta-analysis MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 38 :S321-S321 >DOI >Link

Shave R, George K, Oxborough D, Whyte G, Middleton N, Hart E. 2006. Longitudinal, Radial and Circumferential 2-D Cardiac Strain Imaging in Healthy Subjects Following a Marathon MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 38 :S321-S321 >DOI >Link

Jones H, George K, Edwards B, Atkinson G. 2006. Is the Magnitude of Post-Exercise Hypotension Mediated by Exercise Intensity or Total Work Done? MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 38 :S197-S197 >DOI >Link

Hart E, Dawson E, Rasmussen P, George K, Secher NH, Whyte G, Shave R. 2006. beta-Adrenergic receptor desensitization in man: insight into post-exercise attenuation of cardiac function JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, 577 :717-725 >DOI >Link

Iga J, George K, Lees A, Reilly T. 2006. Reliability of assessing indices of isokinetic leg strength in pubertal soccer players PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 18 :436-445 >DOI >Link

Oxborough D, Shave R, Middleton N, Whyte G, Forster J, George K. 2006. The impact of marathon running upon ventricular function as assessed by 2D, Doppler, and tissue-Doppler echocardiography ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY-A JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR ULTRASOUND AND ALLIED TECHNIQUES, 23 :635-641 >DOI >Link

Hassan MY, D Noakes T, Berlyn P, Shave R, George K. 2006. Preload maintenance protects against a depression in left ventricular systolic, but not diastolic, function immediately after ultraendurance exercise BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 40 :536-540 >DOI >Link

Eaton C, George K. 2006. Position specific rehabilitation for rugby union players. Part II: Evidence-based examples PHYSICAL THERAPY IN SPORT, 7 :30-35 >DOI >Link

Eaton C, George K. 2006. Position specific rehabilitation for rugby union players. Part I: Empirical movement analysis data PHYSICAL THERAPY IN SPORT, 7 :22-29 >DOI >Link

Middleton N, Shave R, George K, Whyte G, Hart E, Atkinson G. 2006. Left ventricular function immediately following prolonged exercise: A meta-analysis MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 38 :681-687 >DOI >Link

Middleton N, Shave R, George K, Whyte G, Forster J, Oxborough D, Gaze D, Collinson P. 2006. Novel application of flow propagation velocity and ischaemia-modified albumin in analysis of postexercise cardiac function in man EXPERIMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY, 91 :511-519 >DOI >Link

Green DJ, Naylor LH, George K. 2006. Cardiac and vascular adaptations to exercise. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care, 9 :677-684 >DOI >Link

George K, Shave R, Oxborough D, Whyte G, Dawson E. 2006. Longitudinal and radial systolic myocardial tissue velocities after prolonged exercise. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 31 :256-260 >DOI >Link

Atkinson G, Drust B, George K, Reilly T, Waterhouse J. 2006. Chronobiological considerations for exercise and heart disease. Sports Med, 36 :487-500 >DOI >Link

Jones H, Atkinson G, Leary A, George K, Murphy M, Waterhouse J. 2006. Reactivity of ambulatory blood pressure to physical activity varies with time of day. Hypertension, 47 :778-784 >DOI >Link

George K, Reilly T. 2005. Ergonomics in sport and leisure revisited Ergonomics, 48 :1333 >DOI

Kasikcioglu E, Shave R, Whyte G, George K. 2005. Diastolic performance after prolonged exercise [2] (multiple letters) Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37 :164-165 >DOI

George KP, Gates PE, Tolfrey K. 2005. Impact of aerobic training upon left ventricular morphology and function in pre-pubescent children. Ergonomics, 48 :1378-1389 >DOI >Link

George KP, Middleton N, Shave R, Oxborough D, Forster J, Whyte G. 2005. The Impact Of Prolonged Exercise On Right Ventricular Function: A Tissue-doppler Study MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 37 :S416-S416 >DOI >Link

Hodges GJ, George KP, Cable NT. 2005. Effect Mild Aerobic Training On Maximal Cutaneous Blood Flow And Vascular Conductance In Post-menopausal Females MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 37 :S313-S313 >DOI >Link

Privett SE, Whyte GP, George KP, Cable NT. 2005. The Effect Of Maximal Exercise On Post-exertional Blood Pressure Control In Athletes With And Without Orthostatic Intolerance MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 37 :S314-S314 >DOI >Link

Cable NT, Hodges GJ, George KP. 2005. Effect Of Age And Gender On Cutaneous And Forearm Blood Flow And Vascular Conductance In Humans MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 37 :S360-S360 >DOI >Link

Stephenson CE, George KP, Cable NT. 2005. Cardiovascular Responses To A 6-month Aerobic Training Programme In Post-menopausal Females MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 37 :S218-S218 >DOI >Link

Middleton N, Shave R, George K, Forster J, Oxborough D, Whyte G. 2005. Doppler Tissue Imaging And Flow Propagation Velocity Reveal Impaired Left Ventricular Filling Following A Marathon MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 37 :S93-S93 >DOI >Link

Shave R, George K, Middleton N, Gaze D, Whyte G. 2005. Is Exercise Induced Cardiac Damage Related To Ischemia? MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 37 :S92-S92 >DOI >Link

George K, Chantler PD, Clements RE, Sharp L, Bun-Tan L. 2005. The influence of body size on measurements of overall cardiac performance American Journal of Physiology, 289 :H2059-H2065

George K, Gates PE, Tolfrey K. 2005. Exercise training in children: A longitudinal study of cardiac adaptation to exercise. Ergonomics, 48 :1378-1398

George K, Reilly T. 2005. Guest Editorial - Ergonomics in sport and leisure revisited ERGONOMICS, 48 :1333-1333 >DOI >Link

Shave RE, Whyte GP, George K, Gaze DC, Collinson PO. 2005. Prolonged exercise should be considered alongside typical symptoms of acute myocardial infarction when evaluating increases in cardiac troponin T HEART, 91 :1219-1220 >DOI >Link

Dawson EA, Shave R, George K, Whyte G, Ball D, Gaze D, Collinson P. 2005. Cardiac drift during prolonged exercise with echocardiographic evidence of reduced diastolic function of the heart EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 94 :305-309 >DOI >Link

Atkinson G, Cable NT, George K. 2005. The relationship between baseline blood pressure and magnitude of postexercise hypotension JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 23 :1271-1272 >DOI >Link

Whyte G, George K, Shave R, Dawson E, Stephenson C, Edwards B, Gaze D, Oxborough D, Forster J, Simspon R. 2005. Impact of marathon running on cardiac structure and function in recreational runners CLINICAL SCIENCE, 108 :73-80 >DOI >Link

Shave R, Whyte G, George K. 2005. Diastolic performance after prolonged exercise - Response MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 37 :165-165 >DOI >Link

Stephenson C, McCarthy J, Vikelis E, Shave R, Whyte G, Gaze D, George K. 2005. Effect of weightlifting upon left ventricular function and markers of cardiomyocyte damage. Ergonomics, 48 :1585-1593 >DOI >Link

George K, Oxborough D, Forster J, Whyte G, Shave R, Dawson E, Stephenson C, Dugdill L, Edwards B, Gaze D. 2005. Mitral annular myocardial velocity assessment of segmental left ventricular diastolic function after prolonged exercise in humans. J Physiol, 569 :305-313 >DOI >Link

George KP, Dawson E, Shave RE, Whyte G, Jones M, Hare E, Gaze D, Collinson P. 2004. Left ventricular systolic function and diastolic filling after intermittent high intensity team sports. Br J Sports Med, 38 :452-456 >DOI >Link

George K, Taylor A. 2004. Lower limb vascular syndromes in young endurance athleses: Implications for clinicians. Critical REviews in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 16 :39-52

George K, Dadebo BA, White JA. 2004. A survey of flexibility training protocols and hamstring strains in professional football clubs in England British Journal of Sports Medicine, 38 :388-394

Gates P, Campbell I, George K. 2004. Concentric left ventricular morphology in aerobically trained kayak canoeists JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 22 :859-865 >DOI >Link

Rolls A, George K. 2004. The relationship between hamstring muscle injuries and hamstring muscle length in young elite footballers PHYSICAL THERAPY IN SPORT, 5 :179-187 >DOI >Link

Hinds T, Mcewan I, Perkes J, Dawson E, Ball D, George K. 2004. Effects of massage on limb and skin blood flow after quadriceps exercise MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 36 :1308-1313 >DOI >Link

Whyte GP, George K, Sharma S, Firoozi S, Stephens N, Senior R, McKenna WJ. 2004. The upper limit of physiological cardiac hypertrophy in elite male and female athletes: the British experience EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 92 :592-597 >DOI >Link

Shave R, Dawson E, Whyte G, George K, Nimmo M, Layden J, Collinson P, Gaze D. 2004. The impact of prolonged exercise in a cold environment upon cardiac function MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 36 :1522-1527 >DOI >Link

Whyte GP, George K, Nevill A, Shave R, Sharma S, McKenna WJ. 2004. Left ventricular morphology and function in female athletes: A meta-analysis INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 25 :380-383 >DOI >Link

Shave R, Dawson E, Whyte G, George K, Gaze D, Collinson P. 2004. Altered cardiac function and minimal cardiac damage during: Prolonged exercise MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 36 :1098-1103 >DOI >Link

Doyle C, George K. 2004. Injuries associated with elite participation in women's rugby over a competitive season: an initial investigation PHYSICAL THERAPY IN SPORT, 5 :44-50 >DOI >Link

Shave R, Whyte G, George K. 2004. Myocardial stress after competitive exercise in professional road cyclists MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 36 :738-738 >DOI >Link

Shave RE, Dawson E, Whyte G, George K, Gaze D, Collinson P. 2004. Effect of prolonged exercise in a hypoxic environment on cardiac function and cardiac troponin T BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 38 :86-88 >DOI >Link

George K, Whyte G, Stephenson C, Shave R, Dawson E, Edwards B, Gaze D, Collinson P. 2004. Postexercise left ventricular function and cTnT in recreational marathon runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 36 :1709-1715 >Link

George K, Batterham A, Sullivan I. 2003. Validity in clinical research: A review of basic concepts and definitions Physical Therapy in Sport, 4 :115-121 >DOI

Batterham AM, George KP. 2003. Reliability in evidence-based clinical practice: A primer for allied health professionals Physical Therapy in Sport, 4 :122-128 >DOI

Batterham AM, George KP. 2003. Reliability in evidence-based clinical practice: a primer for allied health professionals (Reprinted from Physical Therapy in Sport, vol 1, pg 54-62, 2000) PHYSICAL THERAPY IN SPORT, 4 :122-128 >DOI >Link

Gates PE, George KP, Campbell IG. 2003. Concentric adaptation of the left ventricle in response to controlled upper body exercise training. J Appl Physiol (1985), 94 :549-554 >DOI >Link

George K, Herrington L, Williams S. 2003. The relationship between arthroscopic findings and isokinetic quadriceps performance in patello-femoral pain syndrome patients: an initial investigation. Research in Sports Medicine, 11 :1-9

George K. 2003. The influence of a progressive upper-body exercise training programme upon left ventricular structure and function Journal of Applied Physiology, :549-554

George K, Whyte GP, Redding E, Wilson M, Lane A, Firoozi S. 2003. Electrocardiographic and echocardiographic findings in contemporary dancers Journal of Dance Medicine and Science, 7 :91-95

Shave RE, Dawson E, Whyte PG, George K, Ball D, Gaze CD, Collinson P. 2003. Cardiac troponin T in female athletes during a two-day mountain marathon. SCOTTISH MEDICAL JOURNAL, 48 :41-42 >DOI >Link

George K, Batterham A, Sullivan I. 2003. Validity in clinical research: a review of basic concepts and definitions (Reprinted from Physical Therapy in Sport, vol 1, pg 19-27, 2000) PHYSICAL THERAPY IN SPORT, 4 :115-121 >DOI >Link

Dawson E, George K, Shave R, Whyte G, Ball D. 2003. Does the human heart fatigue subsequent to prolonged exercise? SPORTS MEDICINE, 33 :365-380 >DOI >Link

Shave R, Dawson E, Whyte G, George K, Ball D, Collinson P, Gaze D. 2002. The cardiospecificity of the third-generation cTnT assay after exercise-induced muscle damage 34 :651-654 >Link

Shave RE, Dawson E, Whyte G, George K, Ball D, Gaze DC, Collinson PO. 2002. Evidence of exercise-induced cardiac dysfunction and elevated cTnT in separate cohorts competing in an ultra-endurance mountain marathon race 23 :489-494 >Link

Gates PE, Campbell IG, George KP. 2002. Absence of training-specific cardiac adaptation in paraplegic athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 34 :1699-1704 >DOI >Link

George K, Gates PE, Campbell IC. 2002. Absence of training specific cardiac adaptation in spinal cord injured athletes Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 34 :1699-1704

Dawson E, Shave R, Whyte G, George K, Ball D, Collinson P, Holland M. 2002. Cardiac dysfunction in man following prolonged exercise at two different ambient temperatures JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, 539 :57P-58P >Link

Shave R, Dawson E, Whyte G, George K, Ball D, Collinson P, Gaze D. 2002. The cardiospecificity of the third-generation cTnT assay after exercise-induced muscle damage MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 34 :651-654 >DOI >Link

Shave RE, Dawson E, Whyte G, George K, Ball D, Gaze DC, Collinson PO. 2002. Evidence of exercise-induced cardiac dysfunction and elevated cTnT in separate cohorts competing in an ultra-endurance mountain marathon race INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 23 :489-494 >DOI >Link

Birch K, Cable N, George K. 2002. Combined oral contraceptives do not influence post-exercise hypotension in women EXPERIMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY, 87 :623-632 >DOI >Link

Gates PE, George KP, Campbell IG. 2001. Reliability of echocardiographic measurements in young, healthy adult males. FASEB JOURNAL, 15 :A793-A793 >Link

Raine NM, Cable NT, George KP, Campbell IG. 2001. The influence of recovery posture on post-exercise hypotension in normotensive men. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 33 :404-412 >Link

George K, Taylor A. 2001. Endofibrosis of the external iliac artery: A cause of leg pain in young athletes frequently misdiagnosed as pain of musculoskeletal origin. Two case reports Manual Therapy, 6 :48-52

George K, Raine NM, Cable NT, Campbell IC. 2001. The effect of posture on post-exertional hypotension and peripheral blood flow Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, :404-412

George K, Taylor A. 2001. The ankle-brachial blood pressure index in normal subjects and cyclists with exercise induced leg pain Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33 :1862-1867

Myerson SG, George K, Birch K, World M, Pennell DJ. 2001. Scaling of left ventricular mass to body size: Allometric analysis of the relationships to body composition variables using MRI CIRCULATION, 104 :639-640 >Link

George K, Sharma S, Batterham A, Whyte G, McKenna W. 2001. Allometric analysis of the association between cardiac dimensions and body size variables in 464 junior athletes. Clin Sci (Lond), 100 :47-54 >Link

Burns-Salmond SS, Birch KM, George KP, Cable NT. 2000. Effects of opposed and unopposed ethinyl oestradiol upon resting and post-exertional haemodynamics Journal of Sports Sciences, 18 :528-529

George K, Batterham A, Sullivan I. 2000. Validity in clinical research: A review of basic concepts and definitions Physical Therapy in Sport, 1 :19-27 >DOI

Middleton-Duff T, George K, Batterham A. 2000. The reliability and validity of the 'Tape' and 'Block' methods for assessing anatomical leg-length discrepancy Physical Therapy in Sport, 1 :91-99 >DOI

George KP, Birch KM, Jones B, Lea R. 2000. Estrogen variation and resting left ventricular structure and function in young healthy females. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 32 :297-303 >Link

George K, Birch K, Jones B, Lea R. 2000. The influence of menstrual cycle phase and oral contraceptive use or withdrawal upon left ventricular structure and function Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, :297-303

George K, Batterham AM. 2000. Reliability in evidence-based clinical practice: A primer for allied health professionals Physical Therapy in Sport, 1 :54-62

George K, Middleton-Duff T, Batterham AM. 2000. The validity and reliability of blocking and tap-measure approaches to the estimation of leg-length discrepancy Physical Therapy in Sport, 1 :91-100

George K, Whyte G, Lumley S, Gates PE, Sharma S, Prasad K, McKenna WJ. 2000. Cardiac structure and function in elite male and female judoists Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 40 :103-109

Whyte G, Lumley S, George K, Gates P, Sharma S, Prasad K, McKenna WJ. 2000. Physiological profile and predictors of cycling performance in ultra-endurance triathletes. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 40 :103-109 >Link

Whyte GP, George K, Sharma S, Lumley S, Gates P, Prasad K, McKenna WJ. 2000. Cardiac fatigue following prolonged endurance exercise of differing distances. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 32 :1067-1072 >Link

George KP, Gates PE, Birch KM, Campbell IG. 1999. Left ventricular morphology and function in endurance-trained female athletes. J Sports Sci, 17 :633-642 >DOI >Link

Batterham AM, George KP, Whyte G, Sharma S, McKenna W. 1999. Scaling cardiac structural data by body dimensions: A review of theory, practice, and problems INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 20 :495-502 >Link

George K, Birch KM. 1999. Overtraining in female athletes Journal of Bodyworks and Movement Therapy, 3 :24-30

George K, Gates PE, Whyte GW, Fenoglio R, Lea R. 1999. Echocardiographic examination of cardiac structure and function in elite cross-trained male and female Alpine skiers British Journal of Sports Medicine, 33 :93-99

George K, Mulhearn S. 1999. Low back pain, posture and abdominal muscle endurance in elite male and female gymnasts Physiotherapy, 85 :210-216

George K, Gates PE, Campbell IC, Birch KM. 1999. Global left ventricular enlargement in endurance-trained female athletes Journal of Sports Sciences, 17 :633-642

George K, Batterham AM, Whyte G, Sharma S, McKenna WJ. 1999. Scaling cardiac structural data by body dimensions: A review of theory, practice, problems and implications for cardiovascular and "athletic heart" research International Journal of Sports Medicine, 20 :495-502

George K, Batterham A, Jones B. 1999. Echocardiographic evidence of concentric left ventricular enlargement in female weight lifters - Response EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY AND OCCUPATIONAL PHYSIOLOGY, 80 :171-172 >DOI >Link

Davids K, Kingsbury D, George K, O'Connell M, Stock D. 1999. Interacting Constraints and the Emergence of Postural Behavior in ACL-Deficient Subjects. J Mot Behav, 31 :358-366 >DOI >Link

Whyte GP, Sharma S, George K, McKenna WJ. 1999. Exercise gas exchange responses in the differentiation of pathologic and physiologic left ventricular hypertrophy. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 31 :1237-1241 >Link

Whyte G, Sharma S, George K, McKenna WJ. 1999. Alterations in cardiac morphology and function in elite multi-disciplinary athletes. Int J Sports Med, 20 :222-226 >DOI >Link

Batterham AM, George KP. 1998. Modeling the influence of body size and composition on M-mode echocardiographic dimensions. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 274 :H701-H708 >DOI >Link

George KP, Batterham AM, Jones B. 1998. Echocardiographic evidence of concentric left ventricular enlargement in female weight lifters. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 79 :88-92 >DOI >Link

George K, Batterham AM. 1998. Modeling the influence of body size and composition on M-mode echocardiographic dimensions. American Journal of Physiology, 274 :701-708

George K, Batterham AM, Jones B. 1998. The impact of scalar variable and process on athlete-control comparisons of cardiac dimensions Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30 :824-830

George K, Turl SE. 1998. Adverse neural tension - a factor in repetitive hamstring strain Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 27 :16-21

O'Connell M, George K, Stock D. 1998. Postural sway and balance testing: a comparison of normal and anterior cruciate ligament deficient knees GAIT & POSTURE, 8 :136-142 >DOI >Link

Prasad K, Sharma S, Whyte G, George K, Gates P, Fredericks S, Holt DW, McKenna WJ. 1998. Are serum creatine kinase isoforms and troponin-T useful markers of altered cardiac function after strenuous exercise? CIRCULATION, 98 :431-432 >Link

Batterham AM, Tolfrey K, George KP. 1997. Collinearity: A function of the sample size, range, and similarity of observations - Reply JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 83 :2168-2168 >Link

Batterham AM, George KP. 1997. Allometric modeling does not determine a dimensionless power function ratio for maximal muscular function JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 83 :2158-2166 >Link

George K, Batterham AM, Mullineaux D. 1997. Allometric scaling of left ventricular mass by body dimensions in males and females Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 29 :181-186

George K, Batterham AM, Tolfrey K. 1997. Nevill's explanation of Kleiber's 0.75 mass exponent: an artifact of collinearity problems in least squares models? Journal of Applied Physiology, :693-697

George K. 1997. Allometric scaling does not provide a body size independent power output exponent Journal of Applied Physiology, 83 :2158-2166

Bilzon J, George KP. 1996. Lactate and ventilatory thresholds are coincident irrespective of changes in ambient temperature Journal of Sports Sciences, 14 :64

George KP, Gates PE, Lea RD. 1996. The effect of pre-season training on cardiac structure and function in pole-vaulters Journal of Sports Sciences, 14 :54

Jones B, George KP, Lea RD. 1996. The effect of menstrual cycle phase upon cardiac structure and function Journal of Sports Sciences, 14 :89-90

George K, Lewis ER. 1996. An initial investigation of injuries in women, men and youths playing Rugby Union Football at the same club Sport and Exercise Injury, 2 :186-191

BATTERHAM AM, GEORGE KP. 1995. SCALING ANAEROBIC PERFORMANCE FOR DIFFERENCES IN BODY DIMENSIONS MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 27 :1098-1099 >DOI >Link

George K, Wolfe LA, Burggraf GW, Norman R. 1995. Electrocardiographic and echocardiographic characteristics of female athletes Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 27 :1362-1370

el-Sayed MS, George KP, Dyson K. 1993. The influence of blood sampling site on lactate concentration during submaximal exercise at 4 mmol.l-1 lactate level. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 67 :518-522 >Link

George K, El-Sayed MS, Wilkinson D, Mullan N, Fenoglio R, flannigan J. 1993. Fingertip and venous blood lactate concentration in response to graded exercise Journal of Sports Sciences, 11 :139-143

George K, El-Sayed MS, Dyson K. 1993. Blood lactate kinetics during graded and steady-state treadmill running European Journal of Physiology, 67 :518-522

Batterham AM, George KP. 1992. Differences in anaerobic performance between men and women matched for habitual physical activity Journal of Sports Sciences, 10 :566-567

Moffatt L, George KP. 1992. Passive vs active heat exposure: A study of intermittent and low-intensity exercise acclimatization Journal of Sports Sciences, 10 :570-571

George KP, Wolfe LA, Burggraf GW, Norman R. 1992. Resting haemodynamics in post-pubescent female gymnasts Journal of Sports Sciences, 10 :564-565

El-Sayed MS, George KP, Dyson K. 1992. Fingertip and venous blood lactate concentration during graded and submaximal treadmill exercise protocols Journal of Sports Sciences, 10 :586

George K. 1991. The "Athletic Heart Syndrome": A critical review. Sport Medicine, 11 :300-331

George K, MacLaren DPM. 1988. The effects of induced alkalosis and acidosis on endurance running at an intensity corresponding to 4mM blood lactate Ergonomics, 31 :1639-1645

George K. Effect of novel, school-based High-intensity Interval Training (HIT) on cardiometabolic health in adolescents: Project FFAB (Fun Fast Activity Blasts) - An exploratory controlled before-and-after trial PLoS One,

George K, Whyte G. Comparison of three current sets of electrocardiographic interpretation criteria for use in screening athletes Heart, :384.-390

Dagger RM, Davies IG, Mackintosh KA, Stone GL, George KP, Fairclough SJ, Boddy LM. The CHANGE! Project: Changes in body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in 10-11 year old children after completing the CHANGE! Intervention Pediatric Exercise Science,

Editorial/letter to the editor

George KP, Green DJ. 2018. Historical perspectives in the assessment of cardiovascular structure and function European Journal of Applied Physiology, 118 :1079-1080 >DOI

Hulshof HG, van Dijk AP, George KP, Merkus D, Stam K, van Duin RW, van Tertholen K, Hopman MTE, Haddad F, Thijssen DHJ, Oxborough DL. 2017. Echocardiographic-Derived Strain-Area Loop of the Right Ventricle is Related to Pulmonary Vascular Resistance in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension JACC-CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING, 10 :1286-1288 >DOI >Link

George K, Batterham AM. 2015. So what does this all mean? PHYSICAL THERAPY IN SPORT, 16 :1-2 >DOI >Link

Other

Steeds RP, Cowie MR, Rana BS, Chambers JB, Ray S, Srinivasan J, Schwarz K, Neil CJ, Scally C, Horowitz JD, Frenneaux MP, Pislaru C, Dawson DK, Rothwell OJ, George K, Somauroo JD, Lord R, Stembridge M, Shave R, Hoffman M, Ashley EA, Haddad F, Eijsvogels TMH, Oxborough D, Hampson R, Kinsey CD, Gurunathan S, Vamvakidou A, Karogiannis N, Senior R, Ahmadvazir S, Shah BN, Zacharias K, Bowen D, Robinson S, Ihekwaba U, Parker K, Boyd J, Densem CG, Atkinson C, Hinton J, Gaisie EB, Rakhit DJ, Yue AM, Roberts PR, Thomas D, Phen P, Sibley J, Fergey S, Russhard P. 2017. Report from the Annual Conference of the British Society of Echocardiography, November 2016, Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre, London. Echo research and practice, 4 :M1 >DOI

Sharir R, Vanrenterghem J, Robinson MA, George K. 2017. What Separates An Individual At Risk Of ACL Injury? A First Step Towards An ACL-risk Movement Passport British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51 >DOI

Conference publication

Eijsvogels TM, Oxborough D, O'Hanlon R, Sharma S, Prassad S, Whyte G, George K, Wilson M. 2017. Global And Regional Cardiac Function In Lifelong Endurance Athletes With And Without Myocardial Fibrosis MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, Annual Meeting of the American-College-of-Sports-Medicine (ACSM) 49 :718-718 >DOI >Link

France M, Miller GD, Low DA, George KP, Cable NT, Jones H. 2017. Cerebral blood flow and cerebrovascular reactivity to CO2 is not improved by exercise training in the cold Graduate Journal of Sport, Exercise & Physical Education Research, British Association of Sport & Exercise Sciences (BASES) 2017 Student Conference Vol. 5, Suppl.1 :S130-S130

Hulshof H, van Dijk A, George K, Thijssen D, Oxborough D. 2016. EXPLORATORY ASSESSEMENT OF SIMULTANEOUS LEFT VENTRICULAR STRAIN AND VOLUME IN CHRONIC SEVERE AORTIC VALVE DISEASE HEART, Annual Conference of the British-Cardiovascular-Society (BCS) on Prediction and Prevention 102 :A110-A111 >DOI >Link

Forsythe L, George K, Somauroo J, Qasem M, Brown B, Papadakis M, Oxborough D. 2016. THE 12-LEAD ELECTROCARDIOGRAM OF THE ELITE RUGBY FOOTBALL LEAGUE PLAYER HEART, Annual Conference of the British-Cardiovascular-Society (BCS) on Prediction and Prevention 102 :A86-A86 >DOI >Link

Oxborough D, Bracknall T, Lord R, Forsythe L, Qasem M, Mistry P, Somauroo J, George K. 2016. THE EFFECT OF PRELOAD REDUCTION USING HEAD-UP TILT TESTING: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY USING LEFT VENTRICULAR LONGITUDINAL AND TRANSVERSE STRAIN-VOLUME LOOPS HEART, Annual Conference of the British-Cardiovascular-Society (BCS) on Prediction and Prevention 102 :A83-A84 >DOI >Link

Eijsvogels TM, Reuser AM, George KP, Thompson PD, Hopman MT, Thijssen DH. 2015. Endurance Exercise-induced Cardiac Troponin Elevations In Clinical Populations. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 47 :CP516-CP516 >DOI >Link

Warburton J, Perez De Heredia Benedicte F, George K, Marcos A, Gomez S, Zapatera B. 2015. Comparison of three commonly used indicators of abdominal obesity in estimating prevalence and metabolic risk ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 12th European Nutrition Conference 67 :260-260

Grigoriou S, Zigoulis P, Giannaki C, Zakynthinos E, George K, Karatzaferi C, Stefanidis I, Sakkas G. 2015. INTRADIALYTIC EXERCISE AND MYOCARDIAL STUNNING IN PATIENTS RECEIVING HEMODIALYSIS THERAPY NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION, 52nd Congress of the European-Renal-Association-European-Dialysis-and-Transplant-Assocation 30 >DOI >Link

Mahon E, Stott TA, George K, Davies IG. 2015. IS A HIGH CARBOHYDRATE INTAKE SUSTAINABLE DURING ULTRA-ENDURANCE RUNNING EVENTS? 20th Annual Congress of the European College of Sports Science

Leslie R, George K, Buckley J. 2014. Post-exercise Brain Natriuretic Peptide Levels In Chronic Heart Failure Patients; A Pilot Study MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 61st Annual Meeting of the American-College-of-Sports-Medicine 46 :663-663 >DOI >Link

Riding N, Salah O, Sharma S, Carre F, George K, Hamilton B, Chalabi H, Whyte G, Wilson MG. 2013. Including Routine Echocardiography Alongside The Electrocardiogram When Screening High-level Athletes Is Not Economically Effective MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 60th Annual Meeting of the American-College-of-Sports-Medicine 45 :643-643 >Link

Warburton GL, Abayomi, JC , Mahon, E , Gobbi, R , Mackintosh, K , Fairclough, SJ , Boddy, LM , George, K , Davies, IG . 2012. Comparison of the reported intakes of fruits and vegetables in Year 6 children: The CHANGE! Project Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, :E227 >DOI

Mawhinney C, Jones H, Low DA, Hwa-Joo C, George KP, Green DJ, Gregson W. 2012. The Influence of Cold Water Immersion on Limb and Cutaneous Blood Flows Following Exercise MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 44 :388-388 >Link

Jones H, Wong CK, Burgess MI, Pugh CJ, George K, Umpleby M, Shojaee-Moradie F, Kemp GJ, Cuthbertson DJ. 2012. Exercise Training Does Not Enhance Diastolic Function In Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Patients MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 44 :725-725 >Link

Oxborough D, Shave R, Whyte G, Birch K, Artis N, George K, Sharma S. 2011. THE RIGHT VENTRICLE OF THE ENDURANCE ATHLETE: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MORPHOLOGY AND DEFORMATION HEART, Annual Conference of the British-Cardiovascular-Society (BCS) 97 :A95-A96 >DOI >Link

Esformes JI, George KP, Birch KM. 2010. Influence of Female Reproductive Hormonal Variation on Cardiovascular Responses during Aerobic Exercise MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 42 :243-243 >Link

Somauroo JD, Shave R, Williams KL, Forster J, George C, Bett T, Gave DC, George KP. 2010. Comparison of ECGs and cardiac troponin I in ultra-endurance athletes before and after 50 and 100 mile trial race in UK EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL, ESC Congress 31 :304-304 >Link

Wong CK, Burgess MI, Irwin A, Pugh CJ, George K, Richardson P, Cuthbertson DJ. 2010. Evidence of diastolic dysfunction in NAFLD: A study using tissue Doppler echocardiography DIABETOLOGIA, 46th Annual Meeting of the European-Association-for-the- Study-of-Diabetes (EASD) 53 >Link

Jones H, George K, Atkinson G. 2009. TIMING OF EXERCISE WITHIN THE WAKING PERIOD DOES NOT ALTER BLOOD PRESSURE DURING SUBSEQUENT NOCTURNAL SLEEP IN NORMOTENSIVE INDIVIDUALS JOURNAL OF EXERCISE SCIENCE & FITNESS, 8th Annual Conference of the Society-of-Chinese-Scholars-on-Exercise-Physiology-and-Fitness 7 :S42-S50 >DOI >Link

Lewis NT, Goldspink D, George K, Sharp L, Clements R, Chantler P, Tan L-B. 2008. Pumping capacity is lost through aging in male but not female hearts JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 57th Annual Scientific Session of the American-College-of-Cardiology 51 :A177-A177 >Link

Rasool J, George K. 2007. The impact of single-leg dynamic balance training on dynamic stability PHYSICAL THERAPY IN SPORT, World-Confederation-for-Physical-Therapy Congress 8 :177-184 >DOI >Link

Lewis NT, Goldspink DF, Clements RE, Sharp L, Chantler PD, Patwala A, George K, Stephenson C, Tan LB. 2007. Aging diminishes the pumping capacity of healthy human male but not female hearts HEART, Annual Scientific Conference of the British-Cardiovascular-Society 93 :A10-A10 >Link

Gaze DC, Shave RE, Middleton N, Hart E, George K, Gregory WP, Paul CO. 2006. IMMULITE 2500 cardiac troponin I is elevated in non-elite marathon runners. CLINICAL CHEMISTRY, 58th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Clinical-Chemistry 52 :A128-A128 >Link

Artis N, Oxborough D, George K, Shave R, Cable T, Dawson E, Williams G, Pepper C, Tan L. 2006. A novel method to identify dyssynchronous contraction through regional time differences in peak strain and strain rate HEART, Annual Scientific Conference of the British-Society-Promoting-Cardiovascular-Health 92 :A94-A94 >Link

Guy K, Simpson RJ, Whyte GP, Middleton N, Shave R, George K, Florida-James GD. 2005. The effects of marathon running on red blood cell haemolysis and cell membrane expression of the GPI-anchored complement regulatory proteins CD55 (DAF) and CD59 (MACIF) BRAIN BEHAVIOR AND IMMUNITY, 7th Symposium of the International-Society-for-Exercise-and-Immunology 19 :484-484 >Link

George KP, Oxborough D, Forster J, Whyte G, Shave R, Stephenson C, Dawson E. 2004. Tissue-Doppler analysis of left ventricular systolic and diastolic function after a marathon MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, Annual Meeting of the American-College-of-Sports-Medicine 36 :S331-S331 >Link

Shave R, Whyte G, George K, Stephenson C, Dawson E, Oxborough D, Forster J, Gaze D. 2004. Cardiac damage in recreational London marathon runners MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, Annual Meeting of the American-College-of-Sports-Medicine 36 :S331-S331 >Link

Whyte GP, George K, Shave R, Claire S, Ellen D, Oxborough D, Edwards B. 2004. Cardiac function following a Marathon in recreational runners MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, Annual Meeting of the American-College-of-Sports-Medicine 36 :S331-S331 >Link

Whyte G, Shave R, George K, Dawson E, Gaze D, Collinson P. 2003. Duration-dependent presentation of exercise-induced cardiac damage JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 12th Commonwealth International Sport Conference 21 :338-339 >Link

Shave R, Dawson E, Whyte G, George K, Gaze D, Collinson P. 2003. Evidence of cardiac and skeletal muscle damage during a simulated half ironman triathlon JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 12th Commonwealth International Sport Conference 21 :335-336 >Link

Martin J, Tolfrey K, Smith N, George K, Jones A. 2003. The development and validation of a field-based fitness test for rugby union referees JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 12th Commonwealth International Sport Conference 21 :282-282 >Link

George K, Taylor A. 2003. Can post-exercise ankle-brachial blood pressure predict lower limb vascular injury in athletes JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 12th Commonwealth International Sport Conference 21 :321-321 >Link

Ball D, Fordy G, Dawson E, George KP. 2002. The influence of mode of muscle contraction on muscle blood flow in man JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, 543 :103P-103P >Link

Shave R, Dawson E, Whyte G, George K, Ball D. 2002. Markers of cardiac damage after 2 days of prolonged endurance exercise JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, Annual Conference of the British-Association-of-Sport-and-Exercise-Sciences (BASES) 20 :58-58 >Link

George K, Myerson S, Birch K, World M, Pennell D. 2002. Relationships between left ventricular linear dimensions and body size variables: an MRI study in humans JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, Conference of the Physiological-Society 543 :92P-92P >Link

GEORGE K, ELSAYED M, BELLIS B. 1994. PHYSIOLOGICAL-RESPONSES OF TRAINEE FIRE FIGHTERS TO EXERCISE IN THE HEAT Robertson SA. CONTEMPORARY ERGONOMICS 1994: ERGONOMICS FOR ALL, Ergonomics-Societys 1994 Annual Conference - Contemporary Ergonomics 1994: Ergonomics for All :367-370 >Link

FOWLER NE, GEORGE K, CAMPBELL I. 1994. INTER-TEST DIFFERENCES IN UPPER-LIMB ISOKINETIC STRENGTH MEASURES Robertson SA. CONTEMPORARY ERGONOMICS 1994: ERGONOMICS FOR ALL, Ergonomics-Societys 1994 Annual Conference - Contemporary Ergonomics 1994: Ergonomics for All :276-280 >Link

Gobbi R, Boddy LM, Fairclough SJ, Abayomi J, Mackintosh KA, Warbuton GL, Stratton G, George KP, Davies IG. Macronutrient intake and relations to physical activity and sedentary behaviour in 10-11 year old children: The CHANGE! Project Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, Nutrition Society

Gobbi R, Boddy LM, Fairclough SJ, Abayomi J, Mackintosh KA, Warbuton GL, Stratton G, George KP, Davies IG. Macronutrient intake and relations to cardiometabolic risk in 10-11 year old children: The CHANGE! Project Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, Nutrition Society

Poster

Unnithan V, Rowland T, George K, Oxborough D. 2016. Cardiac Systolic And Diastolic Function During Incremental Exercise In Highly-trained Youth Soccer Players Annual Meeting of the American-College-of-Sports-Medicine (ACSM) >Link

Chapters

Harriss DJ, cable NT, george K, reilly T, renehan A, haboubi N. 2010. Physical Activity Before and After Diagnosis of Colorectal Cancer Saxton J, Delay A. Exercise and Cancer Survivorship :153-172 Springer Verlag 9781441911728

George K, Lane AM, Whyte G, Shave R, Barney S. 2007. A fun run? Mood state changes among runners at the London Marathon Lane AM. Mood and human performance: Conceptual, Measurement and Applied Issues :261-270 Nova Science Pub Inc. New York 9781600212697

George K, Bromley P, Whyte G. 2006. Cardiac Disorders Winter EM, Jones AM, Sciences BAOSAE, Davison RCR. Sport and Exercise Physiology Testing Guidelines 2 Exercise and Clinical Testing Routledge. London 9780415379656

George K, Wallace J, Egan E, Lawlor J, Reilly T. Body composition changes in professional soccer players in the off-season Marfell-Jones M, Olds T. Kinanthropometry X: Proceedings of the 10th International Society for the Advancement of KInanthropometry Conference, held in conjunction with the 13th Commonwealth International Sport Conference

George K, Wallaceq J, Donovan T, Reilly T. Body composition in female sports participants with particular reference to bone density Marfell-Jones M, Olds T. Kinanthropometry X: Proceedings of the 10th International Society for the Advancement of KInanthropometry Conference, held in conjunction with the 13th Commonwealth International Sport Conference

George K, Green DJ, Naylor LH. Cardiovascular and pulmonary adaptations to exercise training Taylor NS, Groeller H, McLennan PL. Physiological bases of human performance during work and exercise Elsevier. Melbourne

Book

Birch K, MacLaren D, George K. 2005. Sport and exercise physiology Taylor & Francis 9781859962497

Engagement & Impact

Award:

Vice Chancellors Award for Socio-Economic Engagement 2017 - Runner Up - Global Active Cities in the Physical Activity Exchange

Impact Award 2017: The Physical Activity Exchange: Global Active Cities for delivering change through shaping and influencing policy, practice and guidelines, Liverpool John Moores University

Uitslag RIHS Junioronderzoekerronde, “Evaluating and developing non-invasive pressure-volume loops in humans” £200 000. Four year PhD studentship, Radboud University Nijmegen

Marie Curie Post Doctoral Fellowship, EU Horizon 2020

Conference organisation:

BASES Student Conference, Organising Committee

ECSS, Chair Scientific Program

Editorial boards:

Physical Therapy in Sport, Ediotrial Board

Journal of Applied Physiology, International Editorial Board

European Journal of Applied Physiology, Editor

External collaboration:

University of Canberra, Professor Kevin Thompson

External PGR examinations performed:

University of Leeds, PhD, Vascular function and intermittent training

Canterbury Christ Church University, PhD, Isometric exercise training

Fellowships:

FBASES, British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences

FECSS, European College of Sport Science

FACSM, Fellowship of the American College of Sports Medicine

Other invited event:

To screen or not to screen that is the question? invited talk to Aspire Seminar Series on Cardiac Screening and Vascular Adaptation in Athletes: Prot, Doha, Qatar, Invited talk to Aspire Seminar Series on Cardiac Screening and Vascular Adaptation in Athletes

The Athletic Heart, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Keynote to the Sudden Cardiac Death in Sports Workshop hosted by the Saudi Federation for Sports Medicine

The Athletic Heart: New insights from new tools, Amsterdam, Netherlands,, Invited Symposium, 19th European College of Sport Science Conference,