Liverpool Skylilne

Sport and Exercise Sciences

Prof Warren Gregson

Prof Warren Gregson

Telephone: 0151 904 6234

Publications

Highlighted publications

Barr D, Reilly T, Gregson W. 2011. The impact of different cooling modalities on the physiological responses in firefighters during strenuous work performed in high environmental temperatures. Eur J Appl Physiol, 111 :959-967 >DOI >Link

Gregson W, Black MA, Jones H, Milson J, Morton J, Dawson B, Atkinson G, Green DJ. 2011. Influence of cold water immersion on limb and cutaneous blood flow at rest. Am J Sports Med, 39 :1316-1323 >DOI >Link

Gregson W, Drust B, Atkinson G, Salvo VD. 2010. Match-to-match variability of high-speed activities in premier league soccer. Int J Sports Med, 31 :237-242 >DOI >Link

Di Salvo V, Gregson W, Atkinson G, Tordoff P, Drust B. 2009. Analysis of high intensity activity in Premier League soccer. Int J Sports Med, 30 :205-212 >DOI >Link

Journal Articles

Varley MC, Di Salvo V, Modonutti M, Gregson W, Mendez-Villanueva A. 2018. The influence of successive matches on match-running performance during an under-23 international soccer tournament: The necessity of individual analysis Journal of Sports Sciences, 36 :585-591 >DOI

Lolli L, Batterham AM, Hawkins R, Kelly DM, Strudwick AJ, Thorpe R, Gregson W, Atkinson G. 2017. Mathematical coupling causes spurious correlation within the conventional acute-to-chronic workload ratio calculations. Br J Sports Med, >DOI >Link

Allan R, Sharples AP, Close GL, Drust B, Shepherd SO, Dutton J, Morton JP, Gregson W. 2017. Postexercise cold water immersion modulates skeletal muscle PGC-1 alpha mRNA expression in immersed and nonimmersed limbs: evidence of systemic regulation JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 123 :451-459 >DOI >Link

Whitworth-Turner C, Di Michele R, Muir I, Gregson W, Drust B. 2017. A shower before bedtime may improve the sleep onset latency of youth soccer players European Journal of Sport Science, 17 :1119-1128 >DOI

Mawhinney C, Low DA, Jones H, Green DJ, Costello JT, Gregson W. 2017. Cold Water Mediates Greater Reductions in Limb Blood Flow than Whole Body Cryotherapy MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 49 :1252-1260 >DOI >Link

Mawhinney C, Jones H, Low DA, Green DJ, Howatson G, Gregson W. 2017. Influence of cold-water immersion on limb blood flow after resistance exercise EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE, 17 :519-529 >DOI >Link

Thorpe RT, Atkinson G, Drust B, Gregson W. 2017. Monitoring fatigue status in elite team-sport athletes: Implications for practice International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12 :27-34 >DOI

Thorpe RT, Strudwick AJ, Buchheit M, Atkinson G, Drust B, Gregson W. 2017. The influence of changes in acute training load on daily sensitivity of morning-measured fatigue variables in elite soccer players International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12 :107-113 >DOI

Scott A, Malone JJ, Morgans R, Burgess D, Gregson W, Morton JP, Drust B. 2016. The relationship between physical match performance and 48-h post-game creatine kinase concentrations in English Premier League soccer players INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCE & COACHING, 11 :846-852 >DOI >Link

Joo CH, Allan R, Drust B, Close GL, Jeong TS, Bartlett JD, Mawhinney C, Louhelainen J, Morton JP, Gregson W. 2016. Passive and post-exercise cold-water immersion augments PGC-1α and VEGF expression in human skeletal muscle European Journal of Applied Physiology, :1-12 >DOI

Datson N, Drust B, Weston M, Jarman I, Lisboa P, Gregson W. 2016. Match physical performance of elite female soccer players during international competition. Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association,

Kelly DM, Strudwick AJ, Atkinson G, Drust B, Gregson W. 2016. The within-participant correlation between perception of effort and heart rate-based estimations of training load in elite soccer players JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 34 :1328-1332 >DOI >Link

Thorpe RT, Strudwick AJ, Buchheit M, Atkinson G, Drust B, Gregson W. 2016. Tracking Morning Fatigue Status Across In-Season Training Weeks in Elite Soccer Players INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, 11 :947-952 >DOI >Link

Carling C, Gregson W, McCall A, Moreira A, Wong DP, Bradley PS. 2015. Match Running Performance During Fixture Congestion in Elite Soccer: Research Issues and Future Directions SPORTS MEDICINE, 45 :605-613 >DOI >Link

Thorpe RT, Strudwick AJ, Buchheit M, Atkinson G, Drust B, Gregson W. 2015. Monitoring Fatigue During the In-Season Competitive Phase in Elite Soccer Players INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, 10 :958-964 >DOI >Link

Gaudino P, Iaia FM, Strudwick AJ, Hawkins RD, Alberti G, Atkinson G, Gregson W. 2015. Factors Influencing Perception of Effort (Session Rating of Perceived Exertion) During Elite Soccer Training INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, 10 :860-864 >DOI >Link

Thompson A, Jones H, Marqueze E, Gregson W, Atkinson G. 2015. The Effects of Evening Bright Light Exposure on Subsequent Morning Exercise Performance INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 36 :101-106 >DOI >Link

Datson N, Hulton A, Andersson H, Lewis T, Weston M, Drust B, Gregson W. 2014. Applied Physiology of Female Soccer: An Update (vol 44, pg 1225, 2014) SPORTS MEDICINE, 44 :1321-1321 >DOI >Link

Buchheit M, Allen A, Poon TK, Modonutti M, Gregson W, Di Salvo V. 2014. Integrating different tracking systems in football: multiple camera semi-automatic system, local position measurement and GPS technologies Journal of Sports Sciences, 32 :1844-1857 >DOI

Buchheit M, Poon TK, Modonutti M, Gregson W, Di Salvo V, Allen A. 2014. Integrating different tracking systems in football: multiple camera semi-automatic system, local position measurement and GPS technologies Journal of Sports Sciences, >DOI

Robey E, Dawson B, Halson S, Gregson W, Goodman C, Eastwood P. 2014. Sleep quantity and quality in elite youth soccer players: A pilot study European Journal of Sport Science, 14 :410-417 >DOI

Wrigley RD, Drust B, Stratton G, Atkinson G, Gregson W. 2014. Long-term Soccer-specific Training Enhances the Rate of Physical Development of Academy Soccer Players Independent of Maturation Status INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 35 :1090-1094 >DOI >Link

Datson N, Hulton A, Andersson H, Lewis T, Weston M, Drust B, Gregson W. 2014. Applied Physiology of Female Soccer: An Update SPORTS MEDICINE, 44 :1225-1240 >DOI >Link

Gaudino P, Iaia FM, Alberti G, Hawkins RD, Strudwick AJ, Gregson W. 2014. Systematic bias between running speed and metabolic power data in elite soccer players: Influence of drill type International Journal of Sports Medicine, 35 :489-493 >DOI

Thompson A, Jones H, Gregson W, Atkinson G. 2014. Effects of dawn simulation on markers of sleep inertia and post-waking performance in humans EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 114 :1049-1056 >DOI >Link

Cobley JN, Sakellariou GK, Owens DJ, Murray S, Waldron S, Gregson W, Fraser WD, Burniston JG, Iwanejko LA, McArdle A, Morton JP, Jackson MJ, Close GL. 2014. Lifelong training preserves some redox-regulated adaptive responses after an acute exercise stimulus in aged human skeletal muscle FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, 70 :23-32 >DOI >Link

Gaudino P, Iaia FM, Alberti G, Hawkins RD, Strudwick AJ, Gregson W. 2014. Systematic bias between running speed and metabolic power data in elite soccer players: influence of drill type. Int J Sports Med, 35 :489-493 >DOI >Link

Gregson W, Drust B. 2013. Environmental stress :82-101 >DOI

Green M, Gregson W, Drust B. 2013. The physiological effects of soccer training in elite youth soccer players :83-88 >DOI

Cobley JN, Sakellariou GK, Murray S, Waldron S, Gregson W, Burniston JG, Morton JP, Iwanejko LA, Close GL. 2013. Lifelong endurance training attenuates age-related genotoxic stress in human skeletal muscle. Longevity & healthspan, 2 :11

Robey E, Dawson B, Halson S, Gregson W, Goodman C, Eastwood P. 2013. Sleep quantity and quality in elite youth soccer players: A pilot study European Journal of Sport Science, >DOI

Chan-Dewar F, Gregson W, Whyte G, Gaze D, Waterhouse J, Wen J, George K. 2013. Do the effects of high intensity 40 km cycling upon left ventricular function and cardiac biomarker during recovery vary with time of day? Journal of Sports Sciences, 31 :414-423 >DOI

Marrin K, Drust B, Gregson W, Atkinson G. 2013. A meta-analytic approach to quantify the dose-response relationship between melatonin and core temperature European Journal of Applied Physiology, :1-7 >DOI

Marrin K, Drust B, Gregson W, Atkinson G. 2013. A meta-analytic approach to quantify the dose-response relationship between melatonin and core temperature European Journal of Applied Physiology, 113 :2323-2329 >DOI

Mawhinney C, Jones H, Joo CH, Low DA, Green DJ, Gregson W. 2013. Influence of cold-water immersion on limb and cutaneous blood flow after exercise Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 45 :2277-2285 >DOI

Gaudino P, Iaia FM, Alberti G, Strudwick AJ, Atkinson G, Gregson W. 2013. Monitoring training in elite soccer players: systematic bias between running speed and metabolic power data. Int J Sports Med, 34 :963-968 >DOI >Link

Bartlett JD, Louhelainen J, Iqbal Z, Cochran AJ, Gibala MJ, Gregson W, Close GL, Drust B, Morton JP. 2013. Reduced carbohydrate availability enhances exercise-induced p53 signaling in human skeletal muscle: implications for mitochondrial biogenesis. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 304 :R450-R458 >DOI >Link

Robey E, Dawson B, Halson S, Goodman C, Gregson W, Eastwood P. 2013. Post-exercise cold water immersion: effect on core temperature and melatonin responses EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 113 :305-311 >DOI >Link

Robey E, Dawson B, Halson S, Gregson W, King S, Goodman C, Eastwood P. 2013. Effect of evening postexercise cold water immersion on subsequent sleep. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 45 :1394-1402 >DOI >Link

Gregson W, Allan R, Holden S, Phibbs P, Doran D, Campbell I, Waldron S, Joo CH, Morton JP. 2013. Postexercise cold-water immersion does not attenuate muscle glycogen resynthesis. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 45 :1174-1181 >DOI >Link

Taylor C, Bartlett JD, van de Graaf CS, Louhelainen J, Coyne V, Iqbal Z, Maclaren DPM, Gregson W, Close GL, Morton JP. 2013. Protein ingestion does not impair exercise-induced AMPK signalling when in a glycogen-depleted state: implications for train-low compete-high. Eur J Appl Physiol, 113 :1457-1468 >DOI >Link

Thompson A, Batterham AM, Jones H, Gregson W, Scott D, Atkinson G. 2013. The practicality and effectiveness of supplementary bright light for reducing jet-lag in elite female athletes. Int J Sports Med, 34 :582-589 >DOI >Link

Close GL, Russell J, Cobley JN, Owens DJ, Wilson G, Gregson W, Fraser WD, Morton JP. 2013. Assessment of vitamin D concentration in non-supplemented professional athletes and healthy adults during the winter months in the UK: implications for skeletal muscle function. J Sports Sci, 31 :344-353 >DOI >Link

Chan-Dewar F, Gregson W, Whyte G, Gaze D, Waterhouse J, Wen J, George K. 2013. Do the effects of high intensity 40 km cycling upon left ventricular function and cardiac biomarker during recovery vary with time of day? J Sports Sci, 31 :414-423 >DOI >Link

Kelly DM, Gregson W, Reilly T, Drust B. 2013. The development of a soccer-specific training drill for elite-level players. J Strength Cond Res, 27 :938-943 >DOI >Link

Chan-Dewar F, Gregson W, Whyte G, King J, Gaze D, Carranza-García LE, Legaz-Arrese A, George K. 2013. Cardiac electromechanical delay is increased during recovery from 40km cycling but is not mediated by exercise intensity Scand J Med Sci Sports, :224-231 >DOI

Cobley JN, Bartlett JD, Gregson W, Burniston JG, Morton JP, Close GL, Kayani A, Murray SW, Louhelainen J, Donovan T, Waldron S. 2012. PGC-1α transcriptional response and mitochondrial adaptation to acute exercise is maintained in skeletal muscle of sedentary elderly males Biogerontology, :1-11 >DOI

Wrigley R, Drust B, Stratton G, Scott M, Gregson W. 2012. Quantification of the typical weekly in-season training load in elite junior soccer players. J Sports Sci, 30 :1573-1580 >DOI >Link

Marrin K, Drust B, Gregson W, Atkinson G. 2012. A Meta-analysis Of The Hypothermic Properties Of Exogenous Melatonin In Humans MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 44 :481-481 >Link

Cobley JN, Bartlett JD, Kayani A, Murray SW, Louhelainen J, Donovan T, Waldron S, Gregson W, Burniston JG, Morton JP, Close GL. 2012. PGC-1α transcriptional response and mitochondrial adaptation to acute exercise is maintained in skeletal muscle of sedentary elderly males. Biogerontology, 13 :621-631 >DOI >Link

Bailey TG, Jones H, Gregson W, Atkinson G, Cable NT, Thijssen DHJ. 2012. Effect of ischemic preconditioning on lactate accumulation and running performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 44 :2084-2089 >DOI >Link

Hulton AT, Gregson W, Maclaren D, Doran DA. 2012. Effects of GI meals on intermittent exercise. Int J Sports Med, 33 :756-762 >DOI >Link

Weston M, Castagna C, Impellizzeri FM, Bizzini M, Williams AM, Gregson W. 2012. Science and medicine applied to soccer refereeing: an update. Sports Med, 42 :615-631 >DOI >Link

Bartlett JD, Joo CH, Jeong TS, Louhelainen J, Cochran AJ, Gibala MJ, Gregson W, Close GL, Drust B, Morton JP. 2012. Matched work high-intensity interval and continuous running induce similar increases in PGC-1α mRNA, AMPK, p38 and p53 phosphorylation in human skeletal muscle Journal of Applied Physiology, 112 :1125-1143 >DOI

Leeder J, Gissane C, van Someren K, Gregson W, Howatson G. 2012. Cold water immersion and recovery from strenuous exercise: a meta-analysis. British journal of sports medicine, 46 :233-240

Marrin K, Drust B, Gregson W, Morris CJ, Chester N, Atkinson G. 2011. Diurnal variation in the salivary melatonin responses to exercise: relation to exercise-mediated tachycardia European Journal of Applied Physiology, :1-8

Leeder J, van Someren K, Gisane C, Gregson W, Howatson G. 2011. The Effect Of Cold Water Immersion On Recovery From Exercise-induced Fatigue: A Meta-analysis MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 43 :870-870 >Link

Weston M, Drust B, Atkinson G, Gregson W. 2011. Variability of soccer referees' match performances. Int J Sports Med, 32 :190-194 >DOI >Link

Barr D, Reilly T, Gregson W. 2011. The impact of different cooling modalities on the physiological responses in firefighters during strenuous work performed in high environmental temperatures. Eur J Appl Physiol, 111 :959-967 >DOI >Link

Gregson W, Black MA, Jones H, Milson J, Morton J, Dawson B, Atkinson G, Green DJ. 2011. Influence of cold water immersion on limb and cutaneous blood flow at rest. Am J Sports Med, 39 :1316-1323 >DOI >Link

Marrin K, Drust B, Gregson W, Morris CJ, Chester N, Atkinson G. 2011. Diurnal variation in the salivary melatonin responses to exercise: relation to exercise-mediated tachycardia. Eur J Appl Physiol, 111 :2707-2714 >DOI >Link

Weston M, Gregson W, Castagna C, Breivik S, Impellizzeri FM, Lovell RJ. 2011. Changes in a Top-Level Soccer Referee's Training, Match Activities, and Physiology Over an 8-Year Period: A Case Study INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, 6 :281-286 >Link

Weston M, Drust B, Gregson W. 2011. Intensities of exercise during match-play in FA Premier League referees and players. J Sports Sci, 29 :527-532 >DOI >Link

Bartlett JD, Close GL, MacLaren DPM, Gregson W, Drust B, Morton JP. 2011. High-intensity interval running is perceived to be more enjoyable than moderate-intensity continuous exercise: implications for exercise adherence. J Sports Sci, 29 :547-553 >DOI >Link

Gregson W, Drust B, Atkinson G, Salvo VD. 2010. Match-to-match variability of high-speed activities in premier league soccer. Int J Sports Med, 31 :237-242 >DOI >Link

Barr D, Gregson W, Reilly T. 2010. The thermal ergonomics of firefighting reviewed. Appl Ergon, 41 :161-172 >DOI >Link

Chan-Dewar F, Oxborough D, Shave R, Gregson W, Whyte G, Noakes T, George K. 2010. Evidence of increased electro-mechanical delay in the left and right ventricle after prolonged exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol, 108 :581-587 >DOI >Link

Ross EZ, Gregson W, Williams K, Robertson C, George K. 2010. Muscle Contractile Function and Neural Control after Repetitive Endurance Cycling MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 42 :206-212 >DOI >Link

Chan-Dewar F, Oxborough D, Shave R, Gregson W, Whyte G, George K. 2010. Left ventricular myocardial strain and strain rates in sub-endocardial and sub-epicardial layers before and after a marathon. Eur J Appl Physiol, 109 :1191-1196 >DOI >Link

Morris CJ, Fullick S, Gregson W, Clarke N, Doran D, MacLaren D, Atkinson G. 2010. Paradoxical post-exercise responses of acylated ghrelin and leptin during a simulated night shift. Chronobiol Int, 27 :590-605 >DOI >Link

Di Salvo V, Gregson W, Atkinson G, Tordoff P, Drust B. 2009. Analysis of high intensity activity in Premier League soccer. Int J Sports Med, 30 :205-212 >DOI >Link

Altareki N, Drust B, Atkinson G, Cable T, Gregson W. 2009. Effects of environmental heat stress (35 degrees C) with simulated air movement on the thermoregulatory responses during a 4-km cycling time trial. Int J Sports Med, 30 :9-15 >DOI >Link

Morris C, Atkinson G, Drust B, Marrin K, Gregson W. 2009. Human core temperature responses during exercise and subsequent recovery: an important interaction between diurnal variation and measurement site. Chronobiol Int, 26 :560-575 >DOI >Link

Barr D, Gregson W, Sutton L, Reilly T. 2009. A practical cooling strategy for reducing the physiological strain associated with firefighting activity in the heat. Ergonomics, 52 :413-420 >DOI >Link

Williams K, Gregson W, Robertson C, Datson N, Whyte G, Murrell C, Wilson L, Ainslie P, Ross E, Shave R, Gaze D, George K. 2009. Alterations in left ventricular function and cardiac biomarkers as a consequence of repetitive endurance cycling EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE, 9 :97-105 >DOI >Link

Atkinson G, Barr D, Chester N, Drust B, Gregson W, Reilly T, Waterhouse J. 2008. Bright light and thermoregulatory responses to exercise. Int J Sports Med, 29 :188-193 >DOI >Link

Cable NT, Drust B, Gregson WA. 2007. The impact of altered climatic conditions and altitude on circadian physiology. Physiol Behav, 90 :267-273 >DOI >Link

Cable NT, Drust B, Gregson W. 2006. The impact of altered climatic conditions and altitude on circadian physiology Physiology and Behaviour, 28 :267-273

Barr D, Chester N, Drust B, Edwards B, Gregson W, Atkinson G. 2006. Manipulation of the Light-Dark Schedule Alters the Thermoregulatory Responses to Exercise in the Heat MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 38 :S355-S356 >Link

Reilly T, Gregson W. 2006. Special populations: the referee and assistant referee. J Sports Sci, 24 :795-801 >DOI >Link

Reilly T, Atkinson G, Gregson W, Drust B, Forsyth J, Edwards B, Waterhouse J. 2006. Some chronobiological considerations related to physical exercise. Clin Ter, 157 :249-264 >Link

Reilly T, Drust B, Gregson W. 2006. Thermoregulation in elite athletes. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care, 9 :666-671 >DOI >Link

Gregson WA, Batterham A, Drust B, Cable NT. 2005. The influence of pre-warming on the physiological responses to prolonged intermittent exercise. J Sports Sci, 23 :455-464 >DOI >Link

Waterhouse J, Drust B, Weinert D, Edwards B, Gregson W, Atkinson G, Kao S, Aizawa S, Reilly T. 2005. The circadian rhythm of core temperature: origin and some implications for exercise performance. Chronobiol Int, 22 :207-225 >Link

Drust B, Atkinson G, Gregson W, French D, Binningsley D. 2003. The effects of massage on intra muscular temperature in the vastus lateralis in humans. Int J Sports Med, 24 :395-399 >DOI >Link

Gregson WA, Drust B, Batterham A, Cable NT. 2002. The effects of pre-warming on the metabolic and thermoregulatory responses to prolonged submaximal exercise in moderate ambient temperatures. Eur J Appl Physiol, 86 :526-533 >DOI >Link

Hulton, A , MacLaren,DP , Gregson,W , Edwards,J , Doran DA. Effect of Fat and CHO Meals on Intermittent Exercise in Soccer Players International Journal of Sports Medicine,

Conference Publication (journal proceedings)

Allan R, Sharples AP, Close G, Drust B, Shepherd S, Fraser W, Mawhinnney C, Hammond K, Morton J, Gregson W. 2016. The acute cold-induced increase in PGC-1α is partially mediated systemically through increased β-adrenergic stimulation European College of Sport Science

Ruiz H, Lisboa PJ, Neilson PJ, Gregson W. 2015. Measuring scoring efficiency through goal expectancy estimation 23rd European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks, Computational Intelligence and Machine Learning, ESANN 2015 - Proceedings, :149-154

Graves L. 2008. Reliability of physical activity and heart rate measures in children during steady rate and intermittent treadmill exercise: The A-CLASS project :215-218 >DOI

Chapters

Gregson W, Drust B. 2012. Heat, altitude and travel Williams AM. Science & Soccer Routledge. London

Drust B, Gregson W. 2012. Fitness testing Williams AM. Science and Soccer Routledge. London

Engagement & Impact

External committees:

Committee name: Research Advisory Board, Organisation: Prozone Sports Ltd, Position: Member

Industrial connections:

Company: The Football Association, Position or project: 1. Course instructor: The FA Fitness Trainers Award 2. PhD Supervior/Advisor

Company: Manchester United FC, Position or project: Consultant Physiologist

Other invited event:

Title of event: Conference - Annual Swedish Society of Sports Medicine Meeting, Gothenburg, Sweden, May., Location: Gothenburg, Sweden, Description: Invited Keynote

Title of event: Conference - Korean Science & Football Society, Location: Seoul, South Korea, Description: Invited Keynote x 2

Title of event: Conference - Challenges for Football, Location: Aarhus, Denmark, Description: Invited Keynote