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James Joyce's "Chamber Music"

Timeline

 

 

1798

Irish Rebellion

1801

Act of Union

1803

Robert Emmet’s rebellion

1816

Ludwig van Beethoven, An die ferne Geliebt (To the Distant Beloved) (Jeitteles)

1828

Franz Schubert, Winterreise (Muller)

1829

Catholic Emancipation in the United Kingdom

1833

Alfred Tennyson, ‘The Lady of Shalott’

1840

Robert Schumann, Dichterliebe (Heine)

1843

Soren Kierkegaard, Repetition

1846

Thomas Davis, ‘Ballad Poetry in Ireland’

1847-52

Potato Famine

1848

Revolt in Ireland

1849

Death of James Clarence Mangan

Alfred Tennyson, In Memorium A.H.H.

1855

Alfred Tennyson, Maud and Other Poems

Walt Whitman, Leaves of Grass (first edition)

1857

Charles Baudelaire, Les Fleurs du Mal

1859

Ernest Renan, The Poetry of the Celtic Races

1862

George Meredith, Modern Love

1866

Paul Verlaine, Poème Saturniens

Algernon Charles Swinburne, ‘The Triumph of Time’

Death of Baudelaire

1867

Fenian Rising

Matthew Arnold, On the Study of Celtic Literature

1870

Paul Verlaine, La Bonne Chanson

1875

Edward Dowden, Shakespeare: His Mind and Art

1877

Leo Tolstoy, Anna Karenina

1879

Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House

1881

Henrik Ibsen, Ghosts

1882

James Joyce born in Dublin

Henrik Ibsen, An Enemy of the People

1884

Paul Verlaine, Les Poètes Maudits

Birth of Nora Barnacle

1885

Walter Pater, Marius the Epicurean

1886

Arthur Rimbaud, Illuminations

First Home Rule Bill

1887

Charles Villiers Stanford, Irish Symphony

Walter Pater, Imaginary Portraits

1888

JJ enrolled at Clongowes Wood College, Co. Kildare

1889

W.B. Yeats, Crossways

Leo Tolstoy, The Kreutzer Sonata

1890

Henrik Ibsen, Hedda Gabler

Foundation of the Rhymers Club in London by W.B. Yeats and Ernest Rhys

1891

Death of Charles Stewart Parnell

The nine-year-old Joyce composes ‘Et Tu, Healy’

Rimbaud, Le Relinquaire (Collected Poems)

Death of Rimbaud

Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray

G.B. Shaw, The Quintessence of Ibsenism

1892

Beginning of Joyce family’s financial decline

Death of Alfred Tennyson

Charles Gavan Duffy, ‘The Revival of Irish Literature’

Douglas Hyde, ‘The Necessity for De-Anglicising Ireland’

1893

Ernest Chausson, Poème de l’amour et de la mer (Bouchor)

Yeats, The Rose

JJ enrolled at Belvedere College, Dublin

Second Home Rule Bill

Gaelic League founded

1895

Wilde, The Importance of Being Earnest

1896

Gabriel Fauré, La Bonne Chanson (Verlaine)

Ernest Dowson, Verses

A.E. Housman, A Shropshire Lad

1897

An tOireachtas (The Gathering) and the Feis Ceoil (Music Festival) both inaugurated this year 

Lionel Johnson, Ireland and Other Poems

1898

Arthur Somervell, Maud (Tennyson)

Katharine Tynan, The Wind in the Trees (poetry)

JJ enters Royal University (now University College, Dublin)

1899

Yeats, The Wind Among the Reeds

Yeats, The Countess Cathleen

Henrik Ibsen, When We Dead Awaken

John Eglinton (ed.), Literary Ideals in Ireland

Arthur Symons, The Symbolist Movement in Literature

Foundation of the Irish Literary Theatre by Yeats, Lady Gregory and Edward Martyn

JJ attends premiere of Yeats’s The Countess Cathleen

1900

Death of Wilde

JJ reads ‘Drama and Life’ for the Literary and Historical Society

JJ review of When We Dead Awaken, 'Ibsen's New Drama' published in Fortnightly Review

1901

Michel Esposito, Roseen Dhu (Graves)

Lady Gregory, Ideals in Ireland

JJ publishes The Day of the Rabblement, an attack on the Irish Literary Theatre

1902

JJ, ‘James Clarence Mangan’

JJ graduates from university; moves to Paris temporarily

Death of George Joyce (brother)

1903

Death of May (Mary) Joyce (mother)

Foundation of the Irish National Theatre (Yeats, George Russell, Martyn, Gregory and J.M. Synge)

J.M. Synge, The Shadow of the Glen

George Russell (AE), The Divine Vision and Other Poems

1904

JJ commences Stephen Hero

JJ receives Tenor Bronze Medal at Feis Ceoil

Synge, Riders to the Sea

JJ meets Nora Barnacle 10 June

Hamilton Harty, Irish Symphony

Gustave Mahler, Kindertotenlieder (Rückert)

Somervell, The Shropshire Lad (Housman)

Yeats, In the Seven Woods

JJ publishes three stories in the Irish Homestead

1905

JJ and Barnacle move to Trieste in March; they are joined by Joyce's brother Stanislaus in October

Birth of Giorgio Joyce

Arthur Griffith founds Sinn Féin

Seumas O’Sullivan, Twilight People (poetry)

Rainer Maria Rilke, The Book of Hours

Chamber Music submitted to and refused by four publishing houses in Dublin and London

1906

Death of Henrik Ibsen

1907

Publication of Chamber Music in May by Elkin Mathews in London

Birth of Lucia Joyce in Trieste

W.B. Yeats, ‘Poetry and Tradition’

Ernest Dowson, Cynara – A Little Book of Verse

Riots at the Abbey Theatre in Dublin over Synge’s The Playboy of the Western World

1909

Death of Algernon Charles Swinburne

Michele Esposito, Irish Rhapsody No. 2 for Violin and Piano

Ezra Pound, Personae and Exultations (poems)

O’Sullivan, The Earth Lover (poems)

A.C. Bradley, Lectures on Poetry

Charlotte Milligan Fox, Four Irish Songs

JJ visits Dublin twice; crisis with Nora – has special edition of Chamber Music made for her

1910

W.B. Yeats, The Green Helmet and Other Poems

1911

Frederick Delius, Songs of Sunset (Dowson)

Home Rule passed House of Commons, defeated in the House of Lords

1912

Third Home Rule Bill

JJ last trip to Ireland. Begins writing poetry again

1913

JJ comes to the attention of Ezra Pound

Strikes and lockout in Dublin

1914

Dubliners published by Grant Richards.

W.B. Yeats, Responsibilities

Commencement of the Great War Ezra Pound publishes ‘I Hear an Army’ in an Imagist anthology in the US.

JJ writes Giacometti Joyce; drafts notes for Exiles; begins Ulysses

1915

Stanislaus Joyce interned by Austro-Hungarian authorities

Joyce family moves to Zurich in neutral Switzerland

JJ receives a small grant from the Royal Literary Fund

1916

JJ,  A Portrait of the Artists as a Young Man

Easter Rising in Dublin; execution of leaders

Death of Thomas Kettle at the Battle of Ginchy

Murder of Francis Sheehy-Skeffington in Dublin

1917

First of a long series of eye operations

1918

JJ, Exiles

Anti-Conscription disturbances in Ireland

Sinn Féin win the Irish General Election

1919

Yeats, The Wild Swans at Coole

1919-21

War of Independence in Ireland

1920

Joyce family move to Paris

Fourth Home Rule Bill

T.S. Eliot, The Sacred Wood: Essays on Poetry and Criticism

1921

Yeats, Michael Robartes and the Dancer

1922

Anglo-Irish Treaty; formation of the Irish Free State

Irish Civil War

Eliot, The Waste Land

Rainer Maria Rilke, Sonnets to Orpheus

Ulysses published in Paris by Sylvia Beach

1923

Commences Work in Progress (Finnegans Wake)

1927

JJ, Pomes Penyeach

1928

Anna Livia Plurabelle (extract from Finnegans Wake) published in book form

Yeats, The Tower

1929

Tales Told of Shem and Shaun (extract from Finnegans Wake) published in book form

1930

Haveth Childers Everywhere (extract from Finnegans Wake) published in book form

1931

Death of John Stanislaus Joyce (father)

JJ and Nora married in London for inheritance reasons

1932

Lucia Joyce (daughter) suffers mental breakdown

1933

Yeats, The Winding Stair and Other Poems

Fianna Fail come to power in the Free State under Éamon de Valera

1934

Ulysses published in New York after being deemed non-pornographic

1935

Yeats, A Full Moon in March

1936

JJ, Collected Poems published in New York

1937

Irish Constitution: replacement of Irish Free State by Éire

1938

Douglas Hyde becomes first Irish president

1939

Yeats, Last Poems

1939

Finnegans Wake

Death of Yeats

1941

Death of JJ in Zurich