Dr Michelle McManus

School of Justice Studies

Dr. Michelle McManus is the Head of Criminal Justice, within the School of Justice Studies. She leads a team of 13 Criminal Justice staff in delivering undergraduate and postgraduate programmes, including: Criminal Justice, Forensic Psychology and Criminal Justice, Law and Criminal Justice to over 700+ students. She teaches at all levels at undergraduate and postgraduate and has just developed a new programme to start Sept 2021 in MSc in Criminal Psychology and Criminal Justice. Michelle is also currently Director of Studies for 4 LJMU PhD students.

Michelle is internationally known as an expert in safeguarding, particularly around child exploitation and multi-agency safeguarding operational workings. She was recently awarded and completed work for Home Office and Department for Education on Multi-Agency Safeguarding responses to County Lines and Serious Youth Violence risk, with this resulting in one of the largest evidence bases collected in this area (a total of 164 interviews across all sectors of safeguarding responsibility in England). She is also leading on a commissioned project for Welsh Government and the National Independent Safeguarding Board (NISB) Wales on the 'Shaping the Future of Safeguarding in Wales' with colleagues from PHI in identifying and developing a best practice multi-agency safeguarding model. This is a follow-on project from the successful completion of Phase 1.

Furthermore, she is leading two international working groups and committees, with related research activities. This includes the role of global research lead for the Centre for Law Enforcement and Public Health project 'Envisaging the Future for Policing and Public Health Globally' representing Western Europe. Through various international webinars, Dr. McManus with her international colleagues is gathering and presenting evidence on public health and policing interventions, which is being systematically synthesised with other data (representing countries include Africa, North America, Latin America, Eastern Europe and Central Asia and Asia Pacific) to create global best practice evidence. Dissemination has been through international conferences (LEPH 2021), webinars (EtF, 3rd June, 2021), journal submissions and invitations to author on 'International Association of Chiefs of Police' magazine. In addition, Michelle is the co-chair to the ‘Policing and Pandemics’ special interest group within the Global Law Enforcement and Public Health Association (GLEPHA). This international committee is examining challenges experienced by Law Enforcement during health emergencies, with my role engaging with global practitioners and academics, bringing individual together and co-leading workshops in knowledge exchange. Michelle is also a contributing editor to the international Journal of Community Safety and Wellbeing (JCSWB).

Michelle also works closely with Professor Almond (Liverpool University) on a number of knowledge exchange reports and journal publications with the National Crime Agency, with this resulting in significant contributions to National and International Behavioural Investigative Advice (BIA) responses to serious crimes. With other 20 project completions delivering operational support to UK and international policing of serious crime investigations, including areas of stranger rapes and homicide offences. This work resulted in the formulation of the current National Crime Agency (NCA) algorithm for narrowing suspect parameters for stranger rape investigations. This has subsequently been presented and accepted as best practice at the Blue Light Annual event (European, Australian and FBI profilers) leading to further work testing the applicability of UK typologies in European Countries (recent report completed within Spain, Guardia Civil).

Previously, she was the National Research Lead for Public Health and Policing (Public Health Wales) leading the evaluation team within the £6.87m Police Transformation Funded (PTF) programme: Early Action Together (Police and Partners ACEs). This involved the creation and delivery a multi-method, multi-site, evaluation approach to transform policing and criminal justice in Wales to break the generational crime cycle and improving lives.

She was previously a Senior Lecturer with the University of Central Lancashire and was seconded to Lancashire Constabulary for 2 years as their Academic Lead for the Evidenced Based Research Hub. She received a certificate from DCC Sunita Gamblin for Outstanding Contribution to Evidence Based Policing.

Michelle continues to publish in a range of journal articles with a focus on multli-agency working, decision making, vulnerability and violence prevention, along with characteristics and patterns of offending within offence types such as serious sexual offences, domestic abuse and serious organised crime.

Michelle completed her PhD in 2012 exploring risk factors for child sexual abuse within indecent image of children offending. Her doctoral research assisted with the creation of KIRAT (Kent Internet Risk Assessment Tool), a risk management/intelligence tool for use by the police to assess the risk of contact abuse in those individuals accessing indecent images of children. This work involved the review of hundreds of case of files of indecent image offences in the statistical testing, development and piloting of a risk assessment tool. KIRAT is accredited by CEOP (2021) and is used by 90% of UK police forces, 89% of European Countries, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and Israel. I received a Certificate of Merit from the Chief Constable of Kent for my 'creativity, professionalism and very significant contribution to protecting children on the National and International stage'. Michelle continues to be seen as a leading expert in this area with recent inputs to GCHQ and raising public awareness in risk and tactics used by offenders via my Conversation articles (~63,000 readers) and media activities (BBC Radio and newspaper articles).

Degrees

2012, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom, PhD
2009, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom, MSc Investigative & Forensic Psychology
2008, Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom, BSc (Hons) Forensic Psychology and Criminal Justice

Academic appointments

Subject Head in Criminal Justice, School of Justice Studies, 2019 - present

Journal article

McManus MA, Ball E. 2020. COVID-19 should be considered an Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being, 5 :164-167 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Almond L, McManus MA, Chatterton H. 2020. Internet Facilitated Rape: A Multivariate Model of Offense Behavior Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 35 :4979-5004 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Shorrock S, McManus MA, Kirby S. 2020. Profile of repeat victimisation within multi-agency referrals International Review of Victimology, DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Almond L, Matin E, McManus M. 2019. Predicting the Criminal Records of Male-on-Female UK Homicide Offenders From Crime Scene Behaviors JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE, DOI Author Url Public Url

Shorrock S, McManus MM, Kirby S. 2019. Practitioner perspectives of multi-agency safeguarding hubs (MASH) Journal of Adult Protection, 22 :9-20 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Ramessur-Williams J, Newbury A, McManus MA, Rivers SA. 2019. Benefits of delivering Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) training to police: An individual perspective Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being, 4 :32-32 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Shorrock S, McManus MA, Kirby S. 2019. Investigating the Characteristics of Vulnerable Referrals Made to a Multi-Agency Safeguarding Hub Policing (Oxford): a journal of policy and practice, 13 :201-212 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bateson K, McManus M, Johnson G. 2019. Understanding the use, and misuse, of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) in trauma-informed policing Police Journal, Publisher Url Public Url

Almond L, McManus M, Curtis G. 2019. Can the offence behaviours of stranger rapists discriminate between UK and non-UK nationals Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 11 :67-76 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Almond L, Pell C, McManus M. 2018. Body Part Removal: A Thematic Exploration of U.K. Homicide Offenses Journal of Interpersonal Violence, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Kirby S, McManus M, Boulton L. 2018. Examining the demographic profile and attitudes of citizens, in areas where organized crime groups proliferate Trends in Organized Crime, 21 :172-188 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Almond L, McManus M, Bal A, O’Brien F, Rainbow L, Webb M. 2018. Assisting the Investigation of Stranger Rapes: Predicting the Criminal Record of U.K. Stranger Rapists From Their Crime Scene Behaviors Journal of Interpersonal Violence:, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Coleman R, Almond L, McManus M. 2018. Do female offenders differ? Comparing the criminal histories of serious violent perpetrators with a control sample Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 15 :3-19 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Almond L, McManus MA, Giles S, Houston E. 2017. Female Sex Offenders: An Analysis of Crime Scene Behaviors Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 32 :3839-3860 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

McManus M, Almond L. 2017. Exploring Child-to-Parent Domestic Abuse: Offender Characteristics and DASH Individual Risk Factors Associated with Recidivism Journal of Forensic Psychology, 2 :1-6 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Boulton L, McManus M, Metcalfe L, Brian D, Dawson I. 2017. Calls for police service: Understanding the demand profile and the UK police response The Police Journal, 90 :70-85 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Almond L, McManus M, Brian D, Merrington DP. 2017. Exploration of the risk factors contained within the UK’s existing domestic abuse risk assessment tool (DASH): do these risk factors have individual predictive validity regarding recidivism? Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 9 :58-68 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Birdsall N, Kirby S, McManus M. 2017. Police–victim engagement in building a victim empowerment approach to intimate partner violence cases Police Practice and Research: an international journal, 18 :75-86 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

McManus MA, Almond L, Cubbon B, Boulton L, Mears I. 2016. Exploring the Online Communicative Themes of Child Sex Offenders Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 13 :166-179 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Power N, Mcmanus MA, Lynch R, Bonworth J. 2016. Fear of crime on the rail networks: Perceptions of the UK public and British Transport Police Crime Prevention and Community Safety: an international journal, 18 :91-104 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Peddell D, Eyre M, McManus M, Bonworth J. 2016. Influences and vulnerabilities in radicalised lone-actor terrorists: UK practitioner perspectives. International Journal of Police Science and Management, 18, 63-76. International Journal of Police Science and Management, 18 :63-76

Almond L, McManus MA, Worsley J, Gregory P. 2015. Cold Case Reviews of Serious Sexual Offenders: An Exploration of Pre- and Post-Index Offending Patterns Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice, 15 :205-225 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

McManus MA, Long ML, Alison L, Almond L. 2015. Factors associated with contact child sexual abuse in a sample of indecent image offenders JOURNAL OF SEXUAL AGGRESSION, 21 :368-384 DOI Author Url

McManus MA, Almond L. 2014. Trends of indecent images of children and child sexual offences between 2005/2006 and 2012/2013 within the United Kingdom JOURNAL OF SEXUAL AGGRESSION, 20 :142-155 DOI Author Url

Almond L, McManus MA, Ward L. 2014. Male-on- Male Sexual Assaults: An Analysis of Crime Scene Actions JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE, 29 :1279-1296 DOI Author Url

McManus MA, Hargreaves P, Rainbow L, Alison LJ. 2013. Paraphilias: Definition, diagnosis and treatment F1000Prime Reports, 5 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Long ML, Alison LA, McManus MA. 2013. Child Pornography and Likelihood of Contact Abuse: A Comparison Between Contact Child Sexual Offenders and Noncontact Offenders SEXUAL ABUSE-A JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND TREATMENT, 25 :370-395 DOI Author Url

Power N, McManus M, Merry S, Alison L. 2012. Drivers of Public Trust and Confidence in Police in the UK International Journal of Police Science and Management, DOI

McManus M, Almond L. The Co­occurrence of Risk Factors for Intra­familial Child Homicides and Suspicious Child Deaths in England and Wales. Journal of Investigating Child Death,

McManus M, Alison L, Long M. Child pornography offenders and practical research: an evidenced-based approach to prioritising the investigation EUROPEAN POLICE SCIENCE AND RESEARCH BULLETIN, 4 :189-196 Publisher Url Public Url

Almond L, Sainsbury M, McManus M. Sex Offences Perpetrated Against Older Adults: A Multivariate Analysis of Crime Scene Behaviors Journal of Interpersonal Violence: concerned with the study and treatment of victims and perpetrators of physical and sexual violence, DOI Author Url Public Url

Peddell D, Bonworth J, Eyre M, McManus M. Influences and vulnerabilities in radicalised lone-actor terrorists: UK practitioner perspectives. International Journal of Police Science and Management., DOI

Internet publication

McManus M, Ball E. 2020. Lockdown again: the 'invisible' children in need of protection from abuse Publisher Url

McManus M, Almond L. 2020. Sexting: a modern ‘crime’ that could be on a child’s police record for life Publisher Url

McManus M, Almond L. 2019. Rising rape cases, a broken criminal justice system and the ‘digital strip search’ Publisher Url

McManus M, Almond L. 2018. The virtual door to online child sexual grooming is wide open Publisher Url

McManus M, Almond L. 2017. ‘Stranger danger’ in the online and real world Publisher Url

Report

McManus M, Boulton L. 2020. Evaluation of Integrated Multi-Agency Operational Safeguarding Arrangements in Wales Publisher Url Public Url

Barton E, Newbury A, Janssen H, Johnson G, Rodriguez G, McManus M, Harker S, Bellis M. 2020. An evaluation of the adverse childhood experience trauma informed multi-agency early action together (ACE TIME) training: National roll out to police and partners An evaluation of the adverse childhood experience trauma informed multi-agency early action together (ACE TIME) training: National roll out to police and partners Author Url Public Url

Barton E, McManus M, Johnson G, Harker S, Rodriguez G, Nwebury A, Janssen H, Morris F, Jones B, Roberts J. 2019. Understanding the landscape of policing when responding to vulnerability: Interviews with frontline officers across Wales Understanding the landscape of policing when responding to vulnerability: Interviews with frontline officers across Wales Author Url Public Url

McManus M, Barton E, Newbury A, Roderick J. 2018. Adverse childhood experiences: Breaking the generational cycle of crime Author Url Public Url

McManus M, Almond L. 2017. Serious Case Reviews in England: An Analysis of Risk Factors for Intra-familial Child Maltreatment

Kirby S, Frampton C, Shorrock S, Okeke R, McManus M, Boulton L, Metcalfe L, Coleman R, Isherwood L. 2017. The Early Action Programme Final Evaluation

Birdsall N, McManus M, Brian D, Boulton L. 2015. Surveying Lancashire: Expectations and experiences of Lancashire Constabulary and its associated partners. A report for Lancashire Constabulary.

Chapters

McManus M, Long ML, Alison L. 2011. Child pornography offenders: Towards an evidenced-based approach to prioritizing the investigation of indecent image offences Professionalizing Offender Profiling: Forensic and Investigative Psychology in Practice :178-188 9780415668781 DOI

Browne KD, Mcmanus M. 2010. Adolescents with Intellectual Disability and Family Sexual Abuse Assessment and Treatment of Sexual Offenders with Intellectual Disabilities: A Handbook :47-67 9780470058398 DOI

Other invited event:

Investigating Stranger Rape and Serious Sexual Assault: Challenges and Opportunities, Online, Invited workshop speaker for The Investigator for their international workshops for Senior Investigating Officers (SIOs) on Investigating Stranger Rape and Serious Sexual Assault. My workshop presentation: 'New type of stranger sexual offenders. Internet facilitated rapes - examination of crime scene behaviours and suspect characteristics'.. 2021

Conference presentation:

Not my responsibility? Multi-agency safeguarding responses to criminal exploitation?, Gangs, Organised Crime and Child Exploitation on Merseyside, Liverpool, UK, Oral presentation. 2021

Domestic Homicide Reviews: A Multivariate Model, European Conference on Domestic Violence (ECDV), Slovenia (online), Oral presentation. 2021

Envisaging the future of Policing and Public Health, 6th International Global Law Enforcement and Public Health Conference, Virtual (hosted in Philadelphia, USA), Oral presentation. 2021

dverse childhood experiences and multi-agency collaborative working, Merseyside Knowledge Exchange Event, Virtual, Oral presentation. 2021

Evaluation of Multi-agency safeguarding arrangements in Wales during Covid-19, Shaping the Future of Safeguarding in Wales’, Virtual (hosted by Wales Violence Prevention Unit), Oral presentation. 2020

Indecent images of children and risk of contact child sexual abuse’, Training event for GCHQ, Virtual GCHQ, Oral presentation. 2020

Domestic abuse risk assessments and responses, Covid-19 Responses to Domestic Abuse, Virtual - hosted by Solace and Cornerstone, with Microsoft, Oral presentation. 2020

Adverse Childhood Experiences in practice within multi-agency working in the prevention of violence, Dealing with Violence, London, hosted by MOPAC, Oral presentation. 2020

Adverse Childhood Experiences in practice within multi-agency working in the prevention of violence, West Midlands Violence Reduction Unit Launch Event, Oral presentation. 2019

Keeping vulnerable people safe in a multi-agency setting. The effectiveness of Multi-agency safeguarding hubs., NPCC MASH conference, Chester, Oral presentation. 2019

Adverse childhood experiences in relation to child death and investigations, NPCC Homicide Working Group Child Death Symposium, Birmingham, UK, Oral presentation. 2019

Adverse childhood experiences and multi-agency collaborative working., Traumatised children: Adverse childhood experiences, care and CAMHS, London, Royal College of Psychiatrists (RCPSYCH, Oral presentation. 2019

Early Action Together programme – Adverse Childhood Experiences and Trauma informed approaches and how to best operationalise, HMICFRS conference vulnerability conference., London, Oral presentation. 2018

Police and ACEs evaluation programme, Early Action Together, Oral presentation. 2018

Early Action Together Programme: Police and ACEs., 4th International Global Law Enforcement and Public Health., Toronto, Canada, Oral presentation. 2018

Research Grants Awarded:

Thames Valley Police via Police STAR Board, Operation Yardbird, Grant value (£): £46,208, Duration of research project: 6 months. 2021

Welsh Government, Shaping the future of safeguarding Wales., Zara Quigg, Hannah Timpson, Ellie McCoy, Grant value (£): 106,744.93, Duration of research project: 18 months. 2021

Department for Education and Home Office, County Lines and Serious Violence Deep Dives Project - assessing the effectiveness of current multi-agency safeguarding arrangements, Grant value (£): £103,207, Duration of research project: 5 months. 2020

UK Research and Innovation (UKRI)., Safeguarding Victims of Domestic Abuse during Covid-19: Challenges and Opportunities, Colleagues from MMU and Open University (MMU lead institute)., Grant value (£): £339,019.00, Duration of research project: 18 months. 2020

The British Academy: Special Research Grants COVID-19, Policing a Pandemic: An exploration of police use of powers during COVID-19, dis-proportionality and the impact on public perceptions of police legitimacy., Dominique Walker; Michelle McManus, Grant value (£): 9,743.40, Duration of research project: 12 months. 2020

LJMU COVID-19 Pandemic: Rapid Response Grant., Police reporting, recording and responses to domestic abuse in covid-19: how can we best safeguard the silent, repeat and most vulnerable victims in lockdown?, Grant value (£): £9,500., Duration of research project: 9 months. 2020

Local Solution, ‘Evaluation of Local Solutions’ support and mentoring services’., Rachael Steele, Robert Hesketh, Grant value (£): 5,000, Duration of research project: 12 months. 2020

National Independent Safeguarding Board (NISB) Wales / Welsh Government, Evaluation of Integrated Multi-Agency Operational Safeguarding Arrangements in Wales., Grant value (£): £14,392.80, Duration of research project: 8 months. 2020

ESRC (ES/S005471/1), Homicide Abuse Learning Together (HALT) https://domestichomicide-halt.co.uk/, Grant value (£): 6000, Duration of research project: 3 years.

Liverpool City Region Combined Authority, Safeguarding Training, Grant value (£): 5,000.

Editorial boards:

Journal of Community Safety and Wellbeing, Contributing Editor, https://journalcswb.ca/index.php/cswb. 2021

External committees:

Envisaging the Future for Policing and Public Health Globally, Centre for Law Enforcement and Public Health, Lead researcher for Western Europe and UK, https://glepha.com/introducing-the-etf-regional-researchers/. 2020

Policing and Pandemics, Global Law Enforcement and Public Health Association, Co-Convenor, https://glepha.com/special-interest-groups/policing-and-pandemics-sig/. 2020

Membership of professional bodies:

Chartered Psychologist (CPsychol), British Psychological Society. 2016

Member of the Division of Forensic Psychology, British Psychological Society. 2016

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