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Public Health Institute

Prof Padam Simkhada

Biography

Professor Padam Simkhada is a Professor of International Public Health at the Centre for Public Health and Associate Dean for Global Engagement. His research focuses on global public health. He is interested in different aspects of international health particularly in public health problems in developing countries. His current research are on maternal health, health promotion, migration, sex trafficking, reproductive and sexual health including HIV/AIDS. He has been involving on capacity building activities in developing countries particularly on evidence synthesis and systematic reviews. He has published a wide range of peer reviewed journal articles and book chapters related to his research field.

He is originally from Nepal and graduated from Tribhuvan University Nepal. He has completed M.Sc. in Public Health and Health Promotion from Brunel University in 1999 and PhD from Southampton University in 2003. Before he moved to Liverpool John Moores, he was Senior Lecturer in International Health at Sheffield University and Programme Co-ordinator and Lecturer in International Health at the University of Aberdeen. Previously, he worked for Save the Children (UK) and Ministry of Health in Nepal.

He is also a Visiting Professor at Monamohan Institute of Health Science, Tribhuvun University and Nobel College, Pokhara University in Nepal. He is an Honorary Senior Lecturer at the School of Related Research (ScHARR) at the University of Sheffield and a Visiting Fellow at Bournemouth University. He is also Adjunct Faculty at Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University) Nagpur, India.

Degrees

2002, University of Southampton, United Kingdom, PhD
1999, Brunel University, United Kingdom, M SC

Publications

Journal Articles

Ozano K, Simkhada P, Thann K, Khatri R. 2018. Improving local health through community health workers in Cambodia: challenges and solutions. Hum Resour Health, 16 :2 >DOI >Link

Bagley CA, Shahnaz A, Simkhada P. 2017. High rates of suicide and violence in the lives of girls and young women in Bangladesh: Issues for feminist intervention Social Sciences, 6 >DOI

Mahato PK, van Teijlingen E, Simkhada P, Sheppard ZA, Silwal RC. 2017. Factors related to choice of place of birth in a district in Nepal Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare, 13 :91-96 >DOI

Panday S, Bissell P, van Teijlingen E, Simkhada P. 2017. The contribution of female community health volunteers (FCHVs) to maternity care in Nepal: a qualitative study BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 17 >DOI >Link

Simkhada PP, Regmi PR, van Teijlingen E, Aryal N. 2017. Identifying the gaps in Nepalese migrant workers' health and well-being: a review of the literature JOURNAL OF TRAVEL MEDICINE, 24 >DOI >Link

Poudel AN, Newlands D, Simkhada P. 2017. The economic burden of HIV/AIDS on individuals and households in Nepal: a quantitative study BMC Health Services Research, 17 :1-13 >DOI

Regmi PR, Waithaka E, Paudyal A, Simkhada P, van Teijlingen E. 2016. Guide to the design and application of online questionnaire surveys. Nepal J Epidemiol, 6 :640-644 >DOI >Link

Sharma S, van Teijlingen E, Hundley V, Angell C, Simkhada P. 2016. Dirty and 40 days in the wilderness: Eliciting childbirth and postnatal cultural practices and beliefs in Nepal BMC PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH, 16 >DOI >Link

Poudel AN, Newlands D, Simkhada P. 2016. Issues and Problems in Conducting Sensitive Research: A Case of HIV/AIDS in Nepal Health Prospect, 15 :5-10 >Link

Khatib MN, Shankar A, Kirubakaran R, Gaidhane A, Gaidhane S, Simkhada P, Quazi SZ. 2016. Ghrelin for the management of cachexia associated with cancer Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2016 >DOI

Subedi YP, Simkhada P, Pyakuryal B. 2016. Is Economic Transition One of the Proximate Determinants of Nutrition Transition in Nepal? Open Journal of Political Science, 06 :168-178 >DOI

Subedi YP, Simkhada P, Teijlingen EV. 2016. Where Is Nepal in the Demographic Transition within the Wider Context of the Nutrition Transition? Open Journal of Social Sciences, 04 :155-166 >DOI

Sharma S, van Teijlingen E, Belizan JM, Hundley V, Simkhada P, Sicuri E. 2016. Measuring What Works: An Impact Evaluation of Women's Groups on Maternal Health Uptake in Rural Nepal PLOS ONE, 11 >DOI >Link

Simkhada PP, Sharma A, van Teijlingen ER, Beanland RL. 2016. Factors Influencing Sexual Behaviour Between Tourists and Tourism Employees: A Systematic Review. Nepal journal of epidemiology, 6 :530-538

Poudel AN, Newlands D, Simkhada P. 2015. Economic Burden of HIV/AIDS Upon Households in Nepal: A Critical Review. Nepal journal of epidemiology, 5 :502-510

Lewis S, Lee A, Simkhada P. 2015. The role of husbands in maternal health and safe childbirth in rural Nepal: a qualitative study BMC PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH, 15 >DOI >Link

Karki JK, Lee A, Johnson M, Simkhada P, Chhetri MR, Jones G. 2015. Health system actors' participation in primary health care in Nepal TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH, 20 :373-374 >Link

Balen J, Miwa T, Masengu C, Chikwanda G, Matope N, Sednai U, Watson M, Simkhada P. 2015. Health service access, utilisation and perceived quality in Dhading district, Nepal TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH, 20 :346-346 >Link

Milne L, van Teijlingen E, Hundley V, Simkhada P, Ireland J. 2015. Staff perspectives of barriers to women accessing birthing services in Nepal: a qualitative study BMC PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH, 15 >DOI >Link

Milne L, van Teijlingen E, Hundley V, Simkhada P, Ireland J. 2015. Staff perspectives of barriers to women accessing birthing services in Nepal: A qualitative study BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 15 >DOI

Khatib MN, Shankar A, Kirubakaran R, Agho K, Simkhada P, Gaidhane S, Saxena D, Unnikrishnan B, Gode D, Gaidhane A, Zahiruddin SQ. 2015. Effect of Ghrelin on Mortality and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Experimental Rat and Mice Models of Heart Failure: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis PLOS ONE, 10 >DOI >Link

Khatib MN, Gaidhane S, Gaidhane AM, Simkhada P, Zahiruddin QS. 2015. Ghrelin O Acyl Transferase (GOAT) as a novel metabolic regulatory enzyme Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 9 :LE01-LE05 >DOI

Joshi S, Prescott GJ, Simkhada P, Sharma N, Bhurtyal YM. 2014. Knowledge and risk perceptions about HIV/AIDS among Nepalese migrants in Gulf countries: A cross-sectional study Health Science Journal, 8 :350-360

Kurmi OP, Semple S, Devereux GS, Gaihre S, Lam KBH, Sadhra S, Steiner MFC, Simkhada P, Smith WCS, Ayres JG. 2014. The effect of exposure to biomass smoke on respiratory symptoms in adult rural and urban Nepalese populations ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, 13 >DOI >Link

Khatib MN, Gode D, Simkhada P, Agho K, Gaidhane S, Saxena D, Unnikrishnan B, Raut Y, Kawalkar U, Gaidhane A, Zahiruddin QS. 2014. Somatotropic and cardio-protective effects of ghrelin in experimental models of heart failure: A systematic review Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 7 :30-42 >DOI

Khatib MN, Simkhada P, Gode D. 2014. Cardioprotective effects of ghrelin in heart failure: from gut to heart. Heart views : the official journal of the Gulf Heart Association, 15 :74-76

Khatib N, Gaidhane S, Gaidhane AM, Simkhada P, Gode D, Zahiruddin QS. 2014. Ghrelin: Ghrelin as a regulatory peptide in growth hormone secretion Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 8 >DOI

Simkhada B, Van Teijlingen ER, Porter M, Simkhada P, Wasti SP. 2014. Why do costs act as a barrier in maternity care for some, but not all women? A qualitative study in rural Nepal International Journal of Social Economics, 41 :705-713 >DOI

Sapkota TN, van Teijlingen E, Simkhada PP. 2014. Nepalese health workers' migration to the United Kingdom: A qualitative study Health Science Journal, 8 :57-74

Simkhada P, Devkota S, Bissell P, van Teijlingen E. 2013. Sex trafficking in Nepal: A qualitative study of process and context INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF QUALITATIVE METHODS, 12 :817-817 >Link

Upreti D, Kyle J, Simkhada P, Thoulass J, McNeill G. 2013. ASSESSMENT OF DIETARY KNOWLEDGE AND INTAKE AMONG PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS IN NEPAL ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 63 :1374-1374 >Link

Sharma S, van Teijlingen E, Hundley V, Stephens J, Simkhada P, Angell C, Sicuri E, Belizan JM. 2013. Mixed-methods evaluation of a maternity care intervention in rural Nepal: measuring what works TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH, 18 :183-184 >Link

Kurmi OP, Devereux GS, Smith WCS, Semple S, Steiner MFC, Simkhada P, Lam K-BH, Ayres JG. 2013. Reduced lung function due to biomass smoke exposure in young adults in rural Nepal EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL, 41 :25-30 >DOI >Link

Simkhada P, van Teijlingen E, Hundley V, Simkhada BD. 2013. Writing an abstract for a scientific conference Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 11 :262-265

Devkota S, Simkhada P, van Teijlingen E, Rai LD. 2013. Parents' knowledge and practices to childhood immunisation in Nepal: Implications for health policy Health Science Journal, 7 :370-383

Van Teijlingen E, Simkhada B, Simkhada P. 2013. Midwifery and maternity care in Nepal: The vital link Practising Midwife, 16 :24-27

Simkhada PP, Shyangdan D, van Teijlingen ER, Kadel S, Stephen J, Gurung T. 2013. Women's knowledge of and attitude towards disability in rural Nepal DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION, 35 :606-613 >DOI >Link

Upreti D, Kyle J, Simkhada P, Thoulass J, McNeill G. 2012. Development and validation of a food frequency questionnaire for assessment of diet among people living with HIV/AIDS in Nepal PROCEEDINGS OF THE NUTRITION SOCIETY, 71 :E5-E5 >DOI >Link

Sharma S, Sicuri E, Belizan J, van Teijlingen E, Simkhada P, Stephens J. 2012. EVALUATION OF MATERNITY CARE INTERVENTION IN RURAL NEPAL: CAN A HEALTH PROMOTION EXERCISE IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTH AND SERVICE UPTAKE IN RURAL NEPAL? JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND COMMUNITY HEALTH, 66 :A46-A47 >DOI >Link

Wasti SP, Simkhada P, Randall J, Freeman JV, van Teijlingen E. 2012. Factors Influencing Adherence to Antiretroviral Treatment in Nepal: A Mixed-Methods Study PLOS ONE, 7 >DOI >Link

Wasti SP, van Teijlingen E, Simkhada P, Randall J, Baxter S, Kirkpatrick P, Gc VS. 2012. Factors influencing adherence to antiretroviral treatment in Asian developing countries: a systematic review TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH, 17 :71-81 >DOI >Link

Simkhada P, van Teijlingen E, Sharma G, Simkhada B, Townend J. 2012. User costs and informal payments for care in the largest maternity hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal Health Science Journal, 6 :317-334

Wasti SP, Simkhada P, Randall J, Freeman JV, van Teijlingen E. 2012. Barriers to and Facilitators of Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence in Nepal: A Qualitative Study JOURNAL OF HEALTH POPULATION AND NUTRITION, 30 :410-419 >Link

van Teijlingen ER, Simkhada PP. 2012. Ethical approval in developing countries is not optional JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ETHICS, 38 :428-430 >DOI >Link

Joshi S, Simkhada P, Prescott GJ. 2011. Health problems of Nepalese migrants working in three Gulf countries BMC INTERNATIONAL HEALTH AND HUMAN RIGHTS, 11 >DOI >Link

Simkhada B, Porter M, van Teijlingen E. 2011. 'My mother-in-law tells me what to do'. Midwives, 14 :34-36

Wasti SP, Randall J, Simkhada P, van Teijlingen E. 2011. In what way do Nepalese cultural factors affect adherence to antiretroviral treatment in Nepal? Health Science Journal, 5 :37-47

van Teijlingen E, Simkhada B, Porter M, Simkhada P, Pitchforth E, Bhatta P. 2011. Qualitative research and its place in health research in Nepal Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 9 :301-305

Regmi PR, van Teijlingen ER, Simkhada P, Acharya DR. 2011. Dating and Sex Among Emerging Adults in Nepal JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENT RESEARCH, 26 :675-700 >DOI >Link

Simkhada P, Poobalan A, Simkhada PP, Amalraj R, Aucott L. 2011. Knowledge, attitude, and prevalence of overweight and obesity among civil servants in Nepal Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 23 :507-517 >DOI

Simkhada JR, Cho SS, Choi HS, Kim SW, Lee HC, Sohng JK, Yoo JC. 2010. A new thermolabile alkaline phospholipase D from Streptomyces sp. CS628 Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering, 15 :595-602 >DOI

Acharya DR, Bell JS, Simkhada P, van Teijlingen ER, Regmi PR. 2010. Women's autonomy in household decision-making: a demographic study in Nepal REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH, 7 >DOI >Link

Simkhada B, Porter MA, van Teijlingen ER. 2010. The role of mothers-in-law in antenatal care decision-making in Nepal: a qualitative study BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 10 >DOI

Simkhada P, van Teijlingen ER, Regmi PR, Bhatta P. 2010. Sexual health knowledge, sexual relationships and condom use among male trekking guides in Nepal: A qualitative study Culture, Health and Sexuality, 12 :45-58 >DOI

Yakubu BD, Simkhada P, Van Teijlingen E, Eboh W. 2010. Sexual health information and uptake of sexual health services by African women in Scotland: A pilot study International Journal of Health Promotion and Education, 48 :79-84 >DOI

Kurmi OP, Semple S, Simkhada P, Cairns S Smith W, Ayres JG. 2010. COPD and chronic bronchitis risk of indoor air pollution from solid fuel: A systematic review and meta-analysis Thorax, 65 :221-228 >DOI

Regmi PR, Simkhada P, van Teijlingen ER. 2010. There are too many naked pictures found in papers and on the net: Factors encouraging premarital sex among young people of Nepal Health Science Journal, 4 :169-181

Regmi PR, van Teijlingen E, Simkhada P, Acharya DR. 2010. Barriers to Sexual Health Services for Young People in Nepal JOURNAL OF HEALTH POPULATION AND NUTRITION, 28 :619-627 >DOI >Link

Simkhada PP, Baral YR, Van Teijlingen ER. 2010. Health and medical research in Nepal: A bibliometric review Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 22 :492-500 >DOI

Simkhada P, Van Teijlingen E, Kadel S, Stephens J, Sharma S, Sharma M. 2009. Reliability of national data sets: Evidence from a detailed small area study in rural Kathmandu Valley, Nepal Asian Journal of Epidemiology, 2 :44-48 >DOI

Wasti SP, Simkhada P, Van Teijlingen ER. 2009. Antiretroviral treatment programmes in Nepal: Problems and barriers Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 7 :306-314

Acharya DR, Van Teijlingen ER, Simkhada P. 2009. Opportunities and challenges in school-based sex and sexual health education in Nepal Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 7 :445-453

Bhatta P, Simkhada P, Van Teijlingen E, Maybin S. 2009. A questionnaire study of voluntary service overseas (VSO) volunteers: Health risk and problems encountered Journal of Travel Medicine, 16 :332-337 >DOI

Upreti D, Regmi P, Pant P, Simkhada P. 2009. Young people's knowledge, attitude, and behaviour on STI/HIV/AIDS in the context of Nepal: A systematic review Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 7 :383-391

Regmi PR, Simkhada P, Van Teijlingen ER. 2008. Sexual and reproductive health status among young people in Nepal: Opportunities and barriers for sexual health education and services utilization Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 6 :248-256

Simkhada B, Van Teijlingen ER, Porter M, Simkhada P. 2008. Factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care in developing countries: Systematic review of the literature Journal of Advanced Nursing, 61 :244-260 >DOI

Regmi P, Simkhada P, Van Teijlingen ER. 2008. Sexual and reproductive health status among young peoples in Nepal: opportunities and barriers for sexual health education and services utilization. Kathmandu University medical journal (KUMJ), 6 :248-256

Simkhada P. 2008. Life histories and survival strategies amongst sexually trafficked girls in Nepal Children and Society, 22 :235-248 >DOI

Paudyal P, Simkhada P, Bruce J. 2008. Infection control knowledge, attitude, and practice among Nepalese health care workers American Journal of Infection Control, 36 :595-597 >DOI

Adhikary P, Simkhada PP, Van Teijlingen ER, Raja AE. 2008. Health and lifestyle of Nepalese migrants in the UK BMC International Health and Human Rights, 8 >DOI

Simkhada EP, Sekozawa Y, Sugaya S, Gemma H. 2007. Translocation and distribution of13C-photosynthates in 'Fuyu' persimmon (Diospyros kaki) grafted onto different rootstocks Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 5 :184-189

Dhakal S, Chapman GN, Simkhada PP, van Teijlingen ER, Stephens J, Raja AE. 2007. Utilisation of postnatal care among rural women in Nepal BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 7 >DOI

Simkhada B, Van Teijlingen ER, Porter M, Simkhada P. 2006. Major problems and key issues in maternal health in Nepal Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 4 NO. 2 :258-263

Simkhada P, Bhatta P, Van Teijlingen ER. 2006. Importance of piloting a questionnaire on sexual health research Wilderness and Environmental Medicine, 17 :295-296 >DOI

Simkhada B, van Teijlingen ER, Porter M, Simkhada P. 2006. Major problems and key issues in Maternal Health in Nepal. Kathmandu University medical journal (KUMJ), 4 :258-263

Ross L, Simkhada P, Smith WCS. 2005. Evaluating effectiveness of complex interventions aimed at reducing maternal mortality in developing countries Journal of Public Health, 27 :331-337 >DOI

Hennink M, Simkhada P. 2004. Sex trafficking in Nepal: Context and process Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, 13 :305-338 >DOI

Stone N, Ingham R, Simkhada P. 2003. Knowledge of sexual health issues among unmarried young people in Nepal Asia-Pacific Population Journal, 18 :33-54

Minges M, Simkhada P. 2002. A closer look at South Asia ITU News, :3-13

Conference Publication (journal proceedings)

Panday S, Paul B, Simkhada P, Teijlingen EV. 2017. Impact of community-level factors on the volunteers services in rural Nepal: a qualitative study TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH, 22 :277-278 >Link

Hall ML, Lee ACK, Cartwright C, Marahatta S, Karki J, Simkhada P. 2017. The 2015 Nepal earthquake disaster: lessons learned one year on PUBLIC HEALTH, 145 :39-44 >DOI >Link

Editorials and letter to the editor

Regmi PR, Alloh F, Pant PR, Simkhada P, van Teijlingen E. 2017. Mental health in BME groups with diabetes: an overlooked issue? LANCET, 389 :904-905 >Link

Simkhada B, Mackay S, Khatri R, simkhada P, van Teijlingen E, Sharma CK, Angell C, Pokhrel T, Marahatta S. 2016. Continual Professional Development (CPD): Improving Quality of Nursing Care in Nepal Health Prospect: Journal of Public Health, 111 >Link

Simkhada P, Poudel AN, Simkhada B, Sumnall H, Jones L, Bista S, McVeigh J, Gaidhane A, Zahiruddin QS, Chowdhury ME, Bhuiyan MBAS, Iliyasu Z, Pant PR, Kurmi O, Hill R, van Teijlingen E, Regmi PR. 2016. Need and scope of global partnership on public health research Journal of Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences University, 11 :202-204

Other

Simkhada P, Poudel AN, Simkhada B, Sumnall H, Jones L, Bista S, McVeigh J, Gaidhane A, Zahiruddin QS, Chowdhury ME, Bhuiyan MBAS, Iliyasu Z, Pant PR, Kurmi O, Hill R, Van Teijlingen E, Regmi PR. 2016. Need and scope of global partnership on public health research Journal of Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences University, 11 :260-262

Reports

Aryal N, Regmi PR, van Teijlingen E, Simkhada P, Adhikary P, Bhatta YKD, Mann S. 2016. Injury and Mortality in Young Nepalese Migrant Workers: A Call for Public Health Action :703-705 >DOI >Link

Chapters

Khanal S, Robinson DM, Mandal S, Simkhada P. 2015. Structural, geochronological and geochemical evidence for two distinct thrust sheets in the 'Main Central thrust zone', the Main Central thrust and Ramgarh-Munsiari thrust: Implications for upper crustal shortening in central Nepal Geological Society Special Publication 412 :221-245 >DOI

Simkhada P. 2010. Sex trafficking in Nepal Child Slavery Now: A Contemporary Reader :243-256 9781847429469

Engagement & Impact

Research Grants Awarded:

UK Department for International Development, Evidence summary of existing systematic reviews on community engagement/participation approaches to health programmes, Professor Padam Simkhada (LJMU), Dr Ruaraidh Hill (University of Liverpool), Professor Mahalaqua Nazli Khatib (Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, India), Grant value (£): £25,681, Duration of research project: 9 months