Liverpool Skyline

Built Environment

Dr Jeff Cullen

Dr Jeff Cullen

Telephone: 0151 231 2571



Jeff graduated from the University of Liverpool, School of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, with a BEng(Hons) in Computer Electronics and Robotics. He then obtained a PhD at Liverpool in 2000 entitled ‘Optical Techniques for Industrial Automated Applications’. His post doctoral research career began at Liverpool working for Prof. Jim Lucas on a tyre pressure monitoring system for trucks. He also worked on a novel UV microwave system, before working on an online spot welding monitor, predicting weld quality and monitoring energy usage.
In 2005 he joined LJMU as a founding member of the RF and Microwave group under Prof. Ahmed Al-Shamma’a, which later became part of the newly formed BEST (Built Environment and Sustainable Technologies) Research Institute. Here he continued research related to energy, investigating the performance of fridges for the leisure industry. He has also used microwave systems to provide a novel way of heating showers and remediation of waste oil for generator and biodiesel use.
He has also lectured at both undergraduate and postgraduate level, delivering courses on Automotive Electronics, Programming and Software Engineering for the School of Engineering. He has helped deliver modules related to Energy Management and Building Monitoring Systems for the School of the Built Environment.


2000, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom, PhD
1995, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom, BEng(Hons) Computer Electronics and Robotics

Academic appointments

Researcher, Liverpool John Moores University, 2005 - present
Research Assistant, University of Liverpool, 1999 - 2005


Journal article

Frau I, Wylie S, Byrne P, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Mason A. 2019. Functionalised microwave sensors for real-time monitoring of copper and zinc concentration in mining-impacted water International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, :1-16 DOI Public Url

Athi N, Wylie SR, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Sun T. 2009. Ultrasonic non-destructive evaluation for spot welding in the automotive industry Proceedings of IEEE Sensors, :1518-1523 DOI

Cullen JD, Arvanitis N, Lucas J, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2002. In-field trials of a tyre pressure monitoring system based on segmented capacitance rings MEASUREMENT, 32 :181-192 DOI Author Url

Ortoneda M, O'Keeffe S, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Phipps DA. Experimental investigations of microwave plasma UV lamp for food applications. J Microw Power Electromagn Energy, 42 :13-23 DOI Author Url

Conference publication

Muradov M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Korostynska O, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a AI, Bjarnadottir SG, Alvseike O. 2015. Online non-destructive monitoring of meat drying using microwave spectroscopy 2015 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SENSING TECHNOLOGY (ICST), 2015 9th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) :496-501 DOI Author Url

Vijayakumar K, Wylie SR, Cullen JD, Wright CC, Ai-Shamma'a AI. 2009. Non invasive rail track detection system using Microwave sensor Augousti AT, McConnell G. SENSORS & THEIR APPLICATIONS XV, 15th Conference on Sensors and Their Application 178 DOI Author Url

O'Keeffe S, Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E, Phipps DA, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2008. Optical fibre sensors for the monitoring of a microwave plasma UV lamp and ozone generation system Mazuray L, Wartmann R, Wood A, Tissot JL, Raynor JM. OPTICAL DESIGN AND ENGINEERING III, PTS 1 AND 2, Conference on Optical Design and Engineering III 7100 DOI Author Url