Liverpool Skyline

Built Environment

Dr Jeff Cullen

Dr Jeff Cullen

Telephone: 0151 231 2571

ORCID

Biography

Jeff graduated from the University of Liverpool, School of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, with a BEng(Hons) in Computer Electronics and Robotics. He then obtained a PhD at Liverpool in 2000 entitled ‘Optical Techniques for Industrial Automated Applications’. His post doctoral research career began at Liverpool working for Prof. Jim Lucas on a tyre pressure monitoring system for trucks. He also worked on a novel UV microwave system, before working on an online spot welding monitor, predicting weld quality and monitoring energy usage.
In 2005 he joined LJMU as a founding member of the RF and Microwave group under Prof. Ahmed Al-Shamma’a, which later became part of the newly formed BEST (Built Environment and Sustainable Technologies) Research Institute. Here he continued research related to energy, investigating the performance of fridges for the leisure industry. He has also used microwave systems to provide a novel way of heating showers and remediation of waste oil for generator and biodiesel use.
He has also lectured at both undergraduate and postgraduate level, delivering courses on Automotive Electronics, Programming and Software Engineering for the School of Engineering. He has helped deliver modules related to Energy Management and Building Monitoring Systems for the School of the Built Environment.

Degrees

2000, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom, PhD
1995, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom, BEng(Hons) Computer Electronics and Robotics

Academic appointments

Researcher, Liverpool John Moores University, 2005 - present
Research Assistant, University of Liverpool, 1999 - 2005

Publications

Journal article

Frau I, Wylie S, Byrne P, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Mason A. 2019. Functionalised microwave sensors for real-time monitoring of copper and zinc concentration in mining-impacted water International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, :1-16 DOI Public Url

Frau I, Wylie S, Byrne P, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Mason A. 2019. Detection of Zn in water using novel functionalised planar microwave sensors Materials Science and Engineering: B, 247 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Mason A, Soprani M, Korostynska O, Amirthalingam A, Cullen J, Muradov M, Carmona EN, Sberveglieri G, Sberveglieri V, Al-Shamma'a A. 2018. Real-Time Microwave, Dielectric, and Optical Sensing of Lincomycin and Tylosin Antibiotics in Water: Sensor Fusion for Environmental Safety Journal of Sensors, 2018 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Brady LJ, Abdellatif M, Cullen J, Maddocks J, Al - Shamma'a A. 2016. An investigation into the effect of decorative covers on the heat output from LPHW Radiators Maddocks J. Energy and Buildings, 133 :414-422 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Wali WA, Hassan KH, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'A AI. 2013. Real time monitoring and intelligent control for novel advanced microwave biodiesel reactor Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation, 46 :823-839 DOI

Abdou AA, Shaw A, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a A, Cullen J, Wylie S, Diallo M. 2013. A matched Bow-tie antenna at 433MHz for use in underwater wireless sensor networks SENSORS & THEIR APPLICATIONS XVII, 450 DOI Author Url

Wali WA, Al-Shamma'A AI, Hassan KH, Cullen JD. 2012. Online genetic-ANFIS temperature control for advanced microwave biodiesel reactor Journal of Process Control, 22 :1256-1272 DOI

Goh JH, Shaw A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'A AI, Oliver M, Vines M, Brockhurst M. 2011. Water pipe leak detection using electromagnetic wave sensor for the water industry ISCI 2011 - 2011 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Informatics, :290-295 DOI

Wali WA, Hassan KH, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A, Wylie SR. 2011. Artificial intelligent control for a novel advanced microwave biodiesel reactor Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 307 DOI

Al-Jader MA, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2011. Theoretical and practical investigation into sustainable metal joining process for the automotive industry Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 307 DOI

Wylie N, Wylie SR, Cullen JD, Al-Jader M, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A. 2010. NDE system for the quality control of spot welding in the automotive industry 2010 IEEE Sensors Applications Symposium, SAS 2010 - Proceedings, :73-78 DOI

Athi N, Wylie SR, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Sun T. 2009. Ultrasonic non-destructive evaluation for spot welding in the automotive industry Proceedings of IEEE Sensors, :1518-1523 DOI

Athi N, Cullen JD, Al-Jader M, Wylie SR, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A, Hyde M. 2009. Experimental and theoretical investigations to the effects of zinc coatings and splash on electrode cap wear MEASUREMENT, 42 :944-953 DOI Author Url

Johnson P, Cullen JD, Sharples L, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'a AL. 2009. Online visual measurement of self-pierce riveting systems to help determine the quality of the mechanical interlock MEASUREMENT, 42 :661-667 DOI Author Url

O'Keeffe S, Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Phipps D, Al-Shamma'a AI, Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E. 2008. Development of an optical fibre sensor system for online monitoring of microwave plasma UV and Ozone generation system Proceedings of IEEE Sensors, :454-457 DOI

Cullen JD, Athi N, Al-Jader M, Johnson P, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A, El-Rasheed AMA. 2008. Multisensor fusion for on line monitoring of the quality of spot welding in automotive industry MEASUREMENT, 41 :412-423 DOI Author Url

Cordova-Lopez LE, Mason A, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'A AI. 2007. Online vehicle and atmospheric pollution monitoring using GIS and wireless sensor networks Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 76 DOI Author Url Publisher Url

Johnson P, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'A AI, Shaw A. 2007. Online visual inspection of self-piercing riveting to determine the quality of the mechanical interlock Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 76 DOI

Cullen JD, Athi N, Al-Jader MA, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'A AI. 2007. Energy reduction for the spot welding process in the automotive industry Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 76 DOI

Al-Shamma'a AI, Pandithas I, Cullen JD, Lucas J, Lowke JJ. 2003. Theoretical Modeling and Experimental Results of a Low Pressure Microwave UV Lamp for Biological Applications IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, :234

Cullen JD, Arvanitis N, Lucas J, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2002. In-field trials of a tyre pressure monitoring system based on segmented capacitance rings MEASUREMENT, 32 :181-192 DOI Author Url

Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E, Al-Shamma'a A, Pandithas I, Cullen J, Lucas J. 2001. An optical fiber sensor based on cladding photoluminescence for high power microwave plasma ultraviolet lamps used in water treatment OPTICAL REVIEW, 8 :459-462 DOI Author Url

Ortoneda M, O'Keeffe S, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Phipps DA. Experimental investigations of microwave plasma UV lamp for food applications. J Microw Power Electromagn Energy, 42 :13-23 DOI Author Url

Kokkarinen N, Shaw A, Cullen J, Ortoneda Pedrola M, Mason A, Al-Shamma a A. Investigation of audible carbon monoxide alarm ownership Smart and Sustainable Built Environment, 3 :72-86 DOI Publisher Url

Wali WA, Al-Shamma'a AI, Hassan KH, Cullen JD. Online genetic-ANFIS temperature control for advanced microwave biodiesel reactor Journal of Process Control, DOI Author Url

Wali WA, Hassan KH, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'a AI. Real time monitoring and intelligent control for novel advanced microwave biodiesel reactor Measurement, DOI Author Url

Cullen JD, Arvanitis N, Lucas J, Al-Shamma a AI. In-field trials of a tyre pressure monitoring system based on segmented capacitance rings Measurement, 32 :181-192 ST - In-field trials of a tyre pressure m-181-192 ST - In-field trials of a tyre pressure m DOI Publisher Url

Athi N, Cullen JD, Al-Jader M, Wylie SR, Al-Shamma a AI, Shaw A, Hyde M. Experimental and theoretical investigations to the effects of zinc coatings and splash on electrode cap wear Measurement, 42 :944-953 ST - Experimental and theoretical investi-944-953 ST - Experimental and theoretical investi DOI Publisher Url

Athi N, Wylie SR, Cullen JD, Al-Jader M, Al-Shamma a AI, Shaw A. An online real time ultrasonic NDT system for the quality control of spot welding in the automotive industry Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 178 :012032 ST-An online real time ultrasonic NDT sy DOI Publisher Url

Cullen JD, Athi N, Al-Jader M, Johnson P, Al-Shamma a AI, Shaw A, El-Rasheed AMA. Multisensor fusion for on line monitoring of the quality of spot welding in automotive industry Measurement, 41 :412-423 ST - Multisensor fusion for on line monit-412-423 ST - Multisensor fusion for on line monit DOI Publisher Url

Conference publication

Frau I, Wylie S, Byrne P, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Mason A. 2019. Continuous Detection of Copper and Bromide in Polluted Water using f-EM Sensors 2018 Twelfth International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) :35-38 DOI Author Url

Frau I, Wylie S, Byrne PA, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Mason A. 2018. Screen-Printed f-EM Sensors based on two chelating-polymers and a metal oxide for the continuous detection of Cu ions in surface water Proceedings, Eurosensors 2018 2 :828-832 DOI Publisher Url

Frau I, Wylie S, Byrne PA, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Mason A. 2018. New Sensing System Based on Electromagnetic Waves and Functionalised EM Sensors for Continuous Monitoring of Zn in Freshwater Proceedings of 11th ICARD-IMWA-MWD Conference – Risk to Opportunity, 11th ICARD-IMWA-MWD Conference – Risk to Opportunity 1 :1049-1056 Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Selvaraj M, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris C, O'Brien T, Shaw A, Kot P, Cullen J. 2018. Stair fall risk detection using wearable sensors 11th International Conference on the Developments in eSystems Engineering (DESE) DOI Author Url

McLoughlin B, Cullen J, Shaw A, Bezombes F. 2018. Towards an unmanned 3D mapping system using UWB positioning Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 10965 LNAI :416-422 DOI

Joshi KH, Mason A, Korostynska O, Shaw A, Cullen J, Al-Shamma'a A. 2016. Determining overall quality of milk products using microwave spectroscopy Faculty Research Week, 2016 Proceedings of :336-342

Soprani M, Korostynska O, Mason A, Amirthalingam A, Cullen J, Muradov M, Al-Shamma'a A, Sberveglieri V, Carmona EN, Sberveglieri G. 2016. Low-Frequency Capacitive Sensing for Environmental Monitoring of Water Pollution with Residual Antibiotics Aljumeily D, Hussain A, Tawfik H, Hamdan H, Dawson T, Hind J. 2016 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON DEVELOPMENTS IN ESYSTEMS ENGINEERING (DESE 2016), 9th International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering (DeSE) :317-322 DOI Author Url Public Url

Muradov M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2015. Real-time monitoring of meat drying process using electromagnetic wave sensors Faculty of Engineering and Technology Research Day

Kot P, Shaw A, Jones KO, Cullen JD, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2015. The feasibility of using electromagnetic waves in determining defects of concrete flat roof Faculty of Engineering and Technology Research Day

Joshi KH, Mason A, Shaw A, Korostynska O, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2015. Design and development of electromagnetic wave testing of milk quality: A novel approach to detect spoilage and milk types Faculty of Engineering and Technology Research Day

Osman SB, Korostynska O, Mason A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2015. Comparative Analysis of Microwave Spectroscopy and Spectrophotometry on Determining Olive Oil Authenticity Faculty of Engineering and Technology Research Day

Muradov M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Korostynska O, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a AI, Bjarnadottir SG, Alvseike O. 2015. Online non-destructive monitoring of meat drying using microwave spectroscopy 2015 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SENSING TECHNOLOGY (ICST), 2015 9th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) :496-501 DOI Author Url

Osman SB, Korostynka O, Mason A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2015. Development of a Sensor System for Vegetable Oil Authentication 2015 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SENSING TECHNOLOGY (ICST), 2015 9th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) :104-109 DOI Author Url

Joshi KH, Mason A, Shaw A, Korostynska O, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a A. 2015. Online Monitoring of Milk Quality using Electromagnetic Wave Sensors A microwave sensor application for classification of milk and detecting adulteration 2015 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SENSING TECHNOLOGY (ICST), 2015 9th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) :700-705 DOI Author Url

Kot P, Shaw A, Jones KO, Cullen JD, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2015. The feasibility of electromagnetic waves in determining the moisture content of concrete blocks 2015 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SENSING TECHNOLOGY (ICST), 2015 9th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) :251-256 DOI Author Url

Osman S, Cullen JD, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2014. Application of Microwave Spectroscopy Analysis on Determining Quality of Vegetable Oil Eighth International Conference of Sensing Technology (ICST2014) :556-559 Publisher Url

Kot P, Shaw A, Jones KO, Cullen JD, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2014. The feasibility of using electromagnetic waves in determining the moisture content of building fabrics and the cause of the water ingress International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Eighth International Conference of Sensing Technology (ICST2014) :604-608 Publisher Url

Kot P, Cullen JD, Al-Jader M, Shaw A, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2014. Modular multi-channel GPS environmental logger Eighth International Conference of Sensing Technology (ICST2014) :225-229 Publisher Url

Muradov M, Mason A, Shaw A, Cullen J, Al-Shamma'a A, Abdullah B, Ateeq M. 2014. Real-time monitoring of meat drying process using microwave spectroscopy Eighth International Conference of Sensing Technology (ICST2014) :407-411 Publisher Url

Muradov M, Cullen JD, Ateeq M, Mason A, Shaw AI, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2014. Determination of Water-holding Capacity in Meat Using Microwave Spectroscopy 9th Built Environment and Natural Environment (BEAN) Conference :50-51

Muradov M, Ateeq M, Mason A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2014. A Novel Non-Invasive And Real-Time Electromagnetic Wave Sensor For The Meat Industry AAMG New Materials and Developments in Sensor Technologies

Osman S, Cullen JD, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2014. Application Of Microwave Spectroscopy Analysis On Determining The Quality Of Vegetable Oils AAMG New Materials and Developments in Sensor Technologies

Abdullah BM, Mason A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2013. Development of a Predictive Water-Holding Capacity Method in Postmortem Longissimus Dorsi Muscle 2013 SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SENSING TECHNOLOGY (ICST), 7th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) :953-957 DOI Author Url

Abdullah BM, Mason A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2013. Water-holding Capacity Assessment of Meat using an Electromagnetic Sensing Method 2013 IEEE INTERNATIONAL RF AND MICROWAVE CONFERENCE (RFM), IEEE International RF and Microwave Conference (RFM) :11-16 DOI Author Url

Wali WA, Cullen JD, Hassan KH, Mason A, Al-Shamma'A AI. 2011. Comparison between PID and Fuzzy logic controllers for advance microwave biodiesel reactor ISCI 2011 - 2011 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Informatics, :346-351 DOI

Cullen JD, Mason A, Al-Jader M, Wylie N, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'A AI. 2011. Multi-sensor spot welding monitor using wireless sensor network technology ISCI 2011 - 2011 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Informatics, :806-810 DOI Publisher Url

Wali WA, Cullen JD, Hassan KH, Mason A, Al-Shamma'A AI. 2011. Comparison between Adaptive and Fuzzy logic controllers for advance microwave biodiesel reactor ISCI 2011 - 2011 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Informatics, :23-28 DOI

Athi N, Wylie SR, Cullen JD, Al-Jader M, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A. 2009. An online real time ultrasonic NDT system for the quality control of spot welding in the automotive industry Augousti AT, McConnell G. SENSORS & THEIR APPLICATIONS XV, 15th Conference on Sensors and Their Application 178 DOI Author Url

Vijayakumar K, Wylie SR, Cullen JD, Wright CC, Ai-Shamma'a AI. 2009. Non invasive rail track detection system using Microwave sensor Augousti AT, McConnell G. SENSORS & THEIR APPLICATIONS XV, 15th Conference on Sensors and Their Application 178 DOI Author Url

Al-Jader MA, Cullen JD, Athi N, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2009. Experimental and Computer Simulation Results of the Spot Welding Process Using SORPAS Software Augousti AT, McConnell G. SENSORS & THEIR APPLICATIONS XV, 15th Conference on Sensors and Their Application 178 DOI Author Url

Athi N, Wylie SR, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Sun T. 2009. Ultrasonic Non-Destructive Evaluation for Spot Welding in the Automotive Industry 2009 IEEE SENSORS, VOLS 1-3, 8th IEEE Conference on Sensors :1519-+ DOI Author Url

Wendling L, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a A, Shaw A. 2009. Real Time Monitoring and Detection of Alcohol Using Microwave sensor Technology AlJumeily D, Nagar AK, Tawfik H, Hussain A, Lisboa P. 2009 SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON DEVELOPMENTS IN ESYSTEMS ENGINEERING (DESE 2009), 2nd International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering :113-116 DOI Author Url

Al-Jader MA, Cullen JD, Athi N, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2009. Spot Welding Theoretical and Practical investigations of the Expulsion Occurrence in Joining Metal for the Automotive Industry AlJumeily D, Nagar AK, Tawfik H, Hussain A, Lisboa P. 2009 SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON DEVELOPMENTS IN ESYSTEMS ENGINEERING (DESE 2009), 2nd International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering :425-430 DOI Author Url

Goh JH, Shaw A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Oliver M, Vines M, Brockhurst M. 2009. Real Time Water Pipes Leak Detection Using EM Waves for the Water Industry AlJumeily D, Nagar AK, Tawfik H, Hussain A, Lisboa P. 2009 SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON DEVELOPMENTS IN ESYSTEMS ENGINEERING (DESE 2009), 2nd International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering :431-+ DOI Author Url

O'Keeffe S, Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E, Phipps DA, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2008. Optical fibre sensors for the monitoring of a microwave plasma UV lamp and ozone generation system Mazuray L, Wartmann R, Wood A, Tissot JL, Raynor JM. OPTICAL DESIGN AND ENGINEERING III, PTS 1 AND 2, Conference on Optical Design and Engineering III 7100 DOI Author Url

Mason A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A. 2005. Real Time Image Processing of Electrode Profile in Resistance Spot Welding Prosser S, Yan Y. Sensors & their Applications XIII 15 :336-344

Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A, Lucas J, Lucas W. 2005. Microwave plasma source as an ozone generator IRMMW-THz2005: The Joint 30th International Conference on Infrared and Millimeter Waves and 13th International Conference on Terahertz Electronics, Vols 1 and 2, Joint 30th International Conference on Infrared and Millimeter Waves/13th International Conference on Terahertz Electronics :132-133 Author Url

Pandithas I, Brown K, Al-Shamma'a AI, Lucas J, Lowke JJ. 2003. Biological applications of a low pressure microwave plasma UV lamp Giesselmann M, Neuber A. PPC-2003: 14TH IEEE INTERNATIONAL PULSED POWER CONFERENCE, VOLS 1 AND 2, DIGEST OF TECHNICAL PAPERS, 14th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference :1112-1115 Author Url

Wali WA, Hassan KH, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A, Wylie SR. Artificial Intelligent Control for a Novel Advanced Microwave Biodiesel Reactor SENSORS & THEIR APPLICATIONS XVI, 307 DOI Author Url

Al-Jader MA, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'a AI. THEORETIAL AND PRACTICAL NVESTIGATION INTO SUSTAINABLE METAL JOINING PROCESS FOR THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY SENSORS & THEIR APPLICATIONS XVI, 307 DOI Author Url

Abdou A, Shaw A, Mason A, Al-Shamma’a AI, Wylie S, Cullen J. Wireless Sensor Network for Underwater Communication IET Wireless Sensor Systems DOI

Abdullah B, Cullen J, Mason A, Al-Shamma’a AI, Hawkins CJ, Saunders M. An Investigation into the Potential of Microwave NDT for Structural Materials Mason A, Jayasundera KP, Bhattacharyya N, Mukhopadhyay SC. Sixth International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST2012) DOI Author Url

Abdou AA, Shaw A, Mason A, Al-Shamma’a AI, Cullen JD, Wylie S. Electromagnetic (EM) wave propagation for the development of an Underwater Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) Sensors and their Applications XVI DOI Author Url

Ortoneda M, O Keeffe S, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Shaw A, Phipps DA, Alkhaddar RM. Experimental Investigations of the Microwave Plasma UV Lamp for Food Applications 41st Annual International Microwave Symposium, :193-197 ST - Experimental Investigations of the M-193-197 ST - Experimental Investigations of the M

Pandithas I, Al-Shamma a AI, Cullen JD, Lucas J. Low Pressure Industrial Microwave Plasma UV Lamp for Germicidal Applications and Ozone Generation XIV International Conference on Gas Discharges and Their Applications, 2 :124-127 ST - Low Pressure Industrial Microwave Pl-124-127 ST - Low Pressure Industrial Microwave Pl

Chapters

Frau I, Wylie S, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Byrne PA, Mason A. 2019. Microwaves and functional materials: a novel method to continuously detect metal ions in water Mukhopadhyay S, Jayasundera KP, Postolache OA. Modern Sensing Technologies 29 :179-201 Springer. Cham 978-3-319-99540-3 DOI

Greene J, Abdullah B, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Louis JB, Mason A. 2019. Non-invasive Monitoring of Glycogen in Real-Time Using an Electromagnetic Sensor Modern Sensing Technologies DOI

Abdullah BM, Cullen JD, Korostynska O, Mason A, Al-Shamma’a AI. Assessing Water-Holding Capacity (WHC) of Meat Using Microwave Spectroscopy Mason A, Mukhopadhyay SC, Jayasundera KP, Bhattacharyya N. Sensing Technology: Current Status and Future Trends I :117-140 Springer International Publishing 978-3-319-02317-5 DOI

Abdullah BM, Cullen J, Mason A, Al-Shamma’a AI. A Novel Method for Monitoring Structural Metallic Materials Using Microwave NDT Mason A, Mukhopadhyay SC, Jayasundera KP, Bhattacharyya N. Sensing Technology: Current Status and Future Trends I :161-180 Springer International Publishing 978-3-319-02317-5 DOI

Cordova-Lopez LE, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma a AI. A GIS-CAN System for the Detection and analysis of Vehicles Exhaust Pollution 7th annual PG Symposium on the Convergance of Telecommunications, Networking and Broadcasting (PGNET) :267-272

Muradov M, Cullen JD, Mason A. Real-time monitoring of meat drying process using electromagnetic wave sensors Next Generation Sensors and Systems :221-233 Springer International Publishing 978-3-642-17942-6 DOI

Al-Jader MA, Wylie N, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI. Investigation into spot welding process sustainability for the automotive industry Proceedings of the 5th Annual BEAN Conference LJMU Publisher Url

Bader E, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI. Onto a Simplified, Innovative Approach for the Creation of Wireless Sensor Devices: the Advantages on Diverse Real-World Situation Proceedings of the 5th Annual BEAN Conference LJMU

Goh JH, Shaw A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Oliver M, Vines M, Brockhurst M. EM Waves Sensor for Water Industry Asset Management Proceedings of the 5th Annual BEAN Conference LJMU

Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Phipps DA, Al-Shamma a AI. Use of UV Light for Environmentally Friendly Microbial Control Proceedings of the 5th Annual BEAN Conference LJMU

Wali WA, Cullen JD, Bennett S, Hassan KH, Shaw A, Al-Shamma a AI. Fuzzy Logic Control of Advance Microwave Biodiesel Reactor Proceedings of the 5th Annual BEAN Conference LJMU

Thesis/Dissertation

Mason A. Image Processing: Spot Welding Electrode Profile

Other

Cullen JD, Balfour C, Lucas J, Smith JS. Multisensor clusters for spot welding quality control

Balfour C, Cullen JD, Smith JS, Lucas J. Optical sensing for spot welding quality control

Cullen JD, O Keefe S, Al-Shamma a AI, Phipps D, Alkhaddar R. High energy saving system using microwave plasma generated UV and Ozone for water industry – Liverpool John Moores University

Johnson P, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Shaw A. Online Monitoring of self- piercing riveting systems to provide non-destructive testing of the mechanical interlock

O Keeffe S, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E, Ortoneda M, Phipps DA. Optical Fibre Sensor System for the online monitoring of a Microwave Plasma UV Lamp Food Treatment System

O Keeffe S, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Phipps DA, Al-Shamma a AI. Investigations for the use of Microwave Plasma UV Lamp in the Food Industry,

O Keeffe S, Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Phipps DA, Al-Shamma a AI. Real-time monitoring systems for the food industry based on optical fibre sensors

Ortoneda M, O Keeffe S, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Phipps DA, Al-Shamma a AI. Effect of UV-C microwave-generated light in E. coli

Cordova-Lopez LE, Cullen JD, Shaw A, AL-Shamma a AI, Hitchen D. On Line Monitoring and Control of Microwave Generated Plasma Catalyst System", The

Cordova-Lopez LE, Mason A, Ross S, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma a AI. A GIS Based wireless sensor network for remote monitoring and mapping of vehicle exhaust pollution :48-54

Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Shaw A, Pandithas I. Microwave Plasma Source as an Ozone Generator

Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Phipps D, Alkhaddar R. Microwave plasma made simple for two Rs: water Reuse and Recycling

Cullen JD, Athi N, Johnson P, Shaw A, El-Rasheed AMA, Al-Shamma a AI. Multi Sensor Fusion For On Line Monitoring The Quality Of Metal Interface In Resistance Spot Welding

Abdullah BM, Al-Shamma a AI, Lucas W, Cullen JD, Houghton M. Vision Systems for Monitoring and Control of Arc and Laser/Arc Hybrid Process

Jones MG, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI. Research investigations of microwave-generated UV light as a biocide

Lewis G, Wylie SR, Al-Shamma a AI, Cullen JD. Intelligent Monitoring and Control System for Microwave Chemistry

Wei CL, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Shaw A. Real Time CAN Network System for Monitoring the Vibrations of Vehicle Engines

Cullen JD, El-Rasheed AMA, Al-Shamma a AI, Lucas J, Lucas W. Sensors for online monitoring of resistance spot welding in light-weight vehicles

Wei CL, Al-Shamma a AI, Cullen JD. A CAN Bus Based Network for Monitoring Temperature Sensors of Car Engine Exhaust Emission Using LabVIEW :6-6

Wei CL, El-Rasheed AMA, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI. A labview based intelligent data acquisition system for spotwelding

Arvanitis N, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Lucas JC-I. An Innovative Approach to Tyre Pressure Monitoring

El-Rasheed AMA, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma a AI, Lucas JC-I. Sensor Studies for non Destructive Examination of Spot Welding

Pandithas I, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Lucas JC-I. Online Cost-Effective Sensor System for Microwave UV Lamp

Pandithas I, Al-Shamma a AI, Cullen JD, Lucas J. Germicidal Effects of the Microwave UV Lamp

O Keeffe S, Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E, Phipps DA, Al-Shamma a AI. UV-C light and Ozone Utilisation in Food Processing with Online Monitoring Using an Optical Fibre Sensor System

O Keeffe S, Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E, Phipps D, Al-Shamma a AI. Online monitoring of microwave plasma UV lamp and ozone generation system using optical fibre sensors in food applications

O Keeffe S, Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E, Phipps D, Al-Shamma a AI. Real-time monitoring of a microwave plasma UV food treatment system based on optical fibre sensors,

O Keeffe S, Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E, Phipps D, Al-Shamma a AI. Online optical fibre monitoring system for Microwave Plasma UV lamp with food industry applications

Ortoneda M, O Keeffe S, Cullen JD, Phipps DA, Al-Shamma a AI. Synergistic effect of ozone and UV light on bacteria and applications in food technology

Engagement & Impact

Research Grants Awarded:

EU-Horizon2020 FTI, BioDie2020, Prof Andy Shaw; Dr Steve Wylie, Grant value (£): 2568714, Duration of research project: 30 Months. 2016

Fellowships:

Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, Higher Education Academy. 2014

Membership of professional bodies:

Member of the Institution of Engineering and Technology, Institution of Engineering and Technology, http://www.theiet.org/. 2006

Member of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, Institution of Electrical Engineers (evolved into Institution of Engineering and Technology in 2006). 1996