Liverpool Skyline

Built Environment

Dr Jeff Cullen

Dr Jeff Cullen

Telephone: 0151 231 4225

Biography

Jeff graduated from the University of Liverpool, School of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, with a BEng(Hons) in Computer Electronics and Robotics. He then obtained a PhD at Liverpool in 2000 entitled ‘Optical Techniques for Industrial Automated Applications’. His post doctoral research career began at Liverpool working for Prof. Jim Lucas on a tyre pressure monitoring system for trucks. He also worked on a novel UV microwave system, before working on an online spot welding monitor, predicting weld quality and monitoring energy usage.
In 2005 he joined LJMU as a founding member of the RF and Microwave group under Prof. Ahmed Al-Shamma’a, which later became part of the newly formed BEST (Built Environment and Sustainable Technologies) Research Institute. Here he continued research related to energy, investigating the performance of fridges for the leisure industry. He has also used microwave systems to provide a novel way of heating showers and remediation of waste oil for generator and biodiesel use.
He has also lectured at both undergraduate and postgraduate level, delivering courses on Automotive Electronics, Programming and Software Engineering for the School of Engineering. He has helped deliver modules related to Energy Management and Building Monitoring Systems for the School of the Built Environment.

Degrees

2000, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom, PhD
1995, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom, BEng(Hons) Computer Electronics and Robotics

Publications

Conference Publication (journal proceedings)

Soprani M, Korostynska O, Mason A, Amirthalingam A, Cullen J, Muradov M, Al-Shamma'a A, Sberveglieri V, Carmona EN, Sberveglieri G. 2016. Low-Frequency Capacitive Sensing for Environmental Monitoring of Water Pollution with Residual Antibiotics Aljumeily D, Hussain A, Tawfik H, Hamdan H, Dawson T, Hind J. 2016 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON DEVELOPMENTS IN ESYSTEMS ENGINEERING (DESE 2016), 9th International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering (DeSE) :317-322 >DOI >Link

Joshi KH, Mason A, Korostynska O, Shaw A, Cullen J, Al-Shamma'a A. 2016. Determining overall quality of milk products using microwave spectroscopy Faculty Research Week, 2016 Proceedings of :336-342

Osman SB, Korostynka O, Mason A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2015. Development of a Sensor System for Vegetable Oil Authentication 2015 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SENSING TECHNOLOGY (ICST), 2015 9th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) :104-109 >Link

Joshi KH, Mason A, Shaw A, Korostynska O, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a A. 2015. Online Monitoring of Milk Quality using Electromagnetic Wave Sensors A microwave sensor application for classification of milk and detecting adulteration 2015 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SENSING TECHNOLOGY (ICST), 2015 9th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) :700-705 >Link

Muradov M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Korostynska O, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a AI, Bjarnadottir SG, Alvseike O. 2015. Online non-destructive monitoring of meat drying using microwave spectroscopy 2015 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SENSING TECHNOLOGY (ICST), 2015 9th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) :496-501 >Link

Kot P, Shaw A, Jones KO, Cullen JD, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2015. The feasibility of electromagnetic waves in determining the moisture content of concrete blocks 2015 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SENSING TECHNOLOGY (ICST), 2015 9th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) :251-256 >Link

Osman SB, Korostynska O, Mason A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2015. Comparative Analysis of Microwave Spectroscopy and Spectrophotometry on Determining Olive Oil Authenticity Faculty of Engineering and Technology Research Day

Joshi KH, Mason A, Shaw A, Korostynska O, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2015. Design and development of electromagnetic wave testing of milk quality: A novel approach to detect spoilage and milk types Faculty of Engineering and Technology Research Day

Muradov M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2015. Real-time monitoring of meat drying process using electromagnetic wave sensors Faculty of Engineering and Technology Research Day

Kot P, Shaw A, Jones KO, Cullen JD, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2015. The feasibility of using electromagnetic waves in determining defects of concrete flat roof Faculty of Engineering and Technology Research Day

Kot P, Cullen JD, Al Jader M, Shaw A, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a A, Cockcroft T, Jackson S, Cleave M. 2014. Modular multi-channel GPS environmental logger Proceedings of the International Conference on Sensing Technology, ICST, 2014-January :225-229

Osman S, Cullen JD, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2014. Application Of Microwave Spectroscopy Analysis On Determining The Quality Of Vegetable Oils AAMG New Materials and Developments in Sensor Technologies

Kot P, Shaw A, Jones KO, Cullen JD, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2014. The feasibility of using electromagnetic waves in determining the moisture content of building fabrics and the cause of the water ingress Proceedings of the International Conference on Sensing Technology, ICST, 2014-January :604-608

Muradov M, Ateeq M, Mason A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2014. A Novel Non-Invasive And Real-Time Electromagnetic Wave Sensor For The Meat Industry AAMG New Materials and Developments in Sensor Technologies

Muradov M, Cullen JD, Ateeq M, Mason A, Shaw AI, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2014. Determination of Water-holding Capacity in Meat Using Microwave Spectroscopy 9th Built Environment and Natural Environment (BEAN) Conference :50-51

Osman SB, Korostynka O, Mason A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2014. Application of microwave spectroscopy analysis on determining quality of vegetable oil Proceedings of the International Conference on Sensing Technology, ICST, 2014-January :556-559

Muradov M, Cullen JD, Abdullah B, Ateeq M, Mason A, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2014. Real-time monitoring of meat drying process using microwave spectroscopy Proceedings of the International Conference on Sensing Technology, ICST, 2014-January :407-411

Abdullah BM, Mason A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2013. Water-holding Capacity Assessment of Meat using an Electromagnetic Sensing Method 2013 IEEE INTERNATIONAL RF AND MICROWAVE CONFERENCE (RFM), IEEE International RF and Microwave Conference (RFM) :11-16 >Link

Abdullah BM, Mason A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2013. Development of a Predictive Water-Holding Capacity Method in Postmortem Longissimus Dorsi Muscle 2013 SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SENSING TECHNOLOGY (ICST), 7th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) :953-957 >Link

Abdou AA, Shaw A, Mason A, Al-Shamma'a A, Cullen J, Wylie S. 2011. Electromagnetic (EM) wave propagation for the development of an Underwater Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) 2011 IEEE SENSORS, 10th IEEE Conference on Sensors :1571-1574 >Link

Wali WA, Cullen JD, Hassan KH, Mason A, Al-Shamma'A AI. 2011. Comparison between Adaptive and Fuzzy logic controllers for advance microwave biodiesel reactor ISCI 2011 - 2011 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Informatics, :23-28 >DOI

Cullen JD, Mason A, Al-Jader M, Wylie N, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'A AI. 2011. Multi-sensor spot welding monitor using wireless sensor network technology ISCI 2011 - 2011 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Informatics, :806-810 >DOI

Wali WA, Cullen JD, Hassan KH, Mason A, Al-Shamma'A AI. 2011. Comparison between PID and Fuzzy logic controllers for advance microwave biodiesel reactor ISCI 2011 - 2011 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Informatics, :346-351 >DOI

Al-Jader MA, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2011. THEORETIAL AND PRACTICAL NVESTIGATION INTO SUSTAINABLE METAL JOINING PROCESS FOR THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY SENSORS & THEIR APPLICATIONS XVI, 307 >DOI >Link

Wali WA, Hassan KH, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A, Wylie SR. 2011. Artificial Intelligent Control for a Novel Advanced Microwave Biodiesel Reactor SENSORS & THEIR APPLICATIONS XVI, 307 >DOI >Link

Goh JH, Shaw A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Oliver M, Vines M, Brockhurst M. 2009. Real Time Water Pipes Leak Detection Using EM Waves for the Water Industry AlJumeily D, Nagar AK, Tawfik H, Hussain A, Lisboa P. 2009 SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON DEVELOPMENTS IN ESYSTEMS ENGINEERING (DESE 2009), 2nd International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering :431-+ >DOI >Link

Al-Jader MA, Cullen JD, Athi N, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2009. Spot Welding Theoretical and Practical investigations of the Expulsion Occurrence in Joining Metal for the Automotive Industry AlJumeily D, Nagar AK, Tawfik H, Hussain A, Lisboa P. 2009 SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON DEVELOPMENTS IN ESYSTEMS ENGINEERING (DESE 2009), 2nd International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering :425-430 >DOI >Link

Wendling L, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a A, Shaw A. 2009. Real Time Monitoring and Detection of Alcohol Using Microwave sensor Technology AlJumeily D, Nagar AK, Tawfik H, Hussain A, Lisboa P. 2009 SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON DEVELOPMENTS IN ESYSTEMS ENGINEERING (DESE 2009), 2nd International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering :113-116 >DOI >Link

Athi N, Wylie SR, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Sun T. 2009. Ultrasonic Non-Destructive Evaluation for Spot Welding in the Automotive Industry 2009 IEEE SENSORS, VOLS 1-3, 8th IEEE Conference on Sensors :1519-+ >Link

Al-Jader MA, Cullen JD, Athi N, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2009. Experimental and Computer Simulation Results of the Spot Welding Process Using SORPAS Software Augousti AT, McConnell G. SENSORS & THEIR APPLICATIONS XV, 15th Conference on Sensors and Their Application 178 >DOI >Link

Vijayakumar K, Wylie SR, Cullen JD, Wright CC, Ai-Shamma'a AI. 2009. Non invasive rail track detection system using Microwave sensor Augousti AT, McConnell G. SENSORS & THEIR APPLICATIONS XV, 15th Conference on Sensors and Their Application 178 >DOI >Link

Athi N, Wylie SR, Cullen JD, Al-Jader M, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A. 2009. An online real time ultrasonic NDT system for the quality control of spot welding in the automotive industry Augousti AT, McConnell G. SENSORS & THEIR APPLICATIONS XV, 15th Conference on Sensors and Their Application 178 >DOI >Link

O'Keeffe S, Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E, Phipps DA, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2008. Optical fibre sensors for the monitoring of a microwave plasma UV lamp and ozone generation system Mazuray L, Wartmann R, Wood A, Tissot JL, Raynor JM. OPTICAL DESIGN AND ENGINEERING III, PTS 1 AND 2, Conference on Optical Design and Engineering III 7100 >DOI >Link

Ortoneda M, O Keeffe S, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Shaw A, Phipps DA, Alkhaddar RM. 2007. Experimental Investigations of the Microwave Plasma UV Lamp for Food Applications 41st Annual International Microwave Symposium, :193-197 ST - Experimental Investigations of the M-193-197 ST - Experimental Investigations of the M

Mason A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A. 2005. Real Time Image Processing of Electrode Profile in Resistance Spot Welding Prosser S, Yan Y. Sensors & their Applications XIII 15 :336-344

Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A, Lucas J, Lucas W. 2005. Microwave plasma source as an ozone generator IRMMW-THz2005: The Joint 30th International Conference on Infrared and Millimeter Waves and 13th International Conference on Terahertz Electronics, Vols 1 and 2, Joint 30th International Conference on Infrared and Millimeter Waves/13th International Conference on Terahertz Electronics :132-133 >Link

Pandithas I, Brown K, Al-Shamma'a AI, Lucas J, Lowke JJ. 2003. Biological applications of a low pressure microwave plasma UV lamp Giesselmann M, Neuber A. PPC-2003: 14TH IEEE INTERNATIONAL PULSED POWER CONFERENCE, VOLS 1 AND 2, DIGEST OF TECHNICAL PAPERS, 14th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference :1112-1115 >Link

Pandithas I, Al-Shamma a AI, Cullen JD, Lucas J. 2002. Low Pressure Industrial Microwave Plasma UV Lamp for Germicidal Applications and Ozone Generation XIV International Conference on Gas Discharges and Their Applications, 2 :124-127 ST - Low Pressure Industrial Microwave Pl-124-127 ST - Low Pressure Industrial Microwave Pl

Journal Articles

Brady L, Abdellatif M, Cullen J, Maddocks J, Al-Shamma'a A. 2016. An investigation into the effect of decorative covers on the heat output from LPHW radiators ENERGY AND BUILDINGS, 133 :414-422 >DOI >Link

Kokkarinen N, Shaw A, Cullen J, Pedrola MO, Mason A, Al-Shamma a A. 2014. Investigation of audible carbon monoxide alarm ownership : Case study Smart and Sustainable Built Environment, 3 :72-86 >DOI

Wali WA, Hassan KH, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'A AI. 2013. Real time monitoring and intelligent control for novel advanced microwave biodiesel reactor Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation, 46 :823-839 >DOI

Wali WA, Hassan KH, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2012. Real time monitoring and intelligent control for novel advanced microwave biodiesel reactor Measurement,

Wali WA, Al-Shamma'A AI, Hassan KH, Cullen JD. 2012. Online genetic-ANFIS temperature control for advanced microwave biodiesel reactor Journal of Process Control, 22 :1256-1272 >DOI

Wali WA, Al-Shamma'a AI, Hassan KH, Cullen JD. 2012. Online genetic-ANFIS temperature control for advanced microwave biodiesel reactor Journal of Process Control,

Goh JH, Shaw A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'A AI, Oliver M, Vines M, Brockhurst M. 2011. Water pipe leak detection using electromagnetic wave sensor for the water industry ISCI 2011 - 2011 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Informatics, :290-295 >DOI

Al-Jader MA, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2011. Theoretical and practical investigation into sustainable metal joining process for the automotive industry Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 307 >DOI

Wali WA, Hassan KH, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A, Wylie SR. 2011. Artificial intelligent control for a novel advanced microwave biodiesel reactor Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 307 >DOI

Wylie N, Wylie SR, Cullen JD, Al-Jader M, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A. 2010. NDE system for the quality control of spot welding in the automotive industry 2010 IEEE Sensors Applications Symposium, SAS 2010 - Proceedings, :73-78 >DOI

Athi N, Wylie SR, Cullen JD, Al-Jader M, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A. 2009. An online real time ultrasonic NDT system for the quality control of spot welding in the automotive industry Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 178 :012032-012032 >DOI

Athi N, Cullen JD, Al-Jader M, Wylie SR, Al-Shamma a AI, Shaw A, Hyde M. 2009. Experimental and theoretical investigations to the effects of zinc coatings and splash on electrode cap wear Measurement, 42 :944-953 ST - Experimental and theoretical investi-944-953 ST - Experimental and theoretical investi >DOI

Athi N, Wylie SR, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Sun T. 2009. Ultrasonic non-destructive evaluation for spot welding in the automotive industry :1518-1523 >DOI

Johnson P, Cullen JD, Sharples L, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'a AL. 2009. Online visual measurement of self-pierce riveting systems to help determine the quality of the mechanical interlock MEASUREMENT, 42 :661-667 >DOI >Link

Athi N, Cullen JD, Al-Jader M, Wylie SR, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A, Hyde M. 2009. Experimental and theoretical investigations to the effects of zinc coatings and splash on electrode cap wear MEASUREMENT, 42 :944-953 >DOI >Link

Cullen JD, Athi N, Al-Jader M, Johnson P, Al-Shamma a AI, Shaw A, El-Rasheed AMA. 2008. Multisensor fusion for on line monitoring of the quality of spot welding in automotive industry Measurement, 41 :412-423 ST - Multisensor fusion for on line monit-412-423 ST - Multisensor fusion for on line monit >DOI

O'Keeffe S, Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Phipps D, Al-Shamma'a AI, Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E. 2008. Development of an optical fibre sensor system for online monitoring of microwave plasma UV and Ozone generation system Proceedings of IEEE Sensors, :454-457 >DOI

Ortoneda M, O'Keeffe S, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'a AI, Phipps DA. 2008. Experimental investigations of microwave plasma UV lamp for food applications. J Microw Power Electromagn Energy, 42 :13-23 >Link

Cullen JD, Athi N, Al-Jader M, Johnson P, Al-Shamma'a AI, Shaw A, El-Rasheed AMA. 2008. Multisensor fusion for on line monitoring of the quality of spot welding in automotive industry MEASUREMENT, 41 :412-423 >DOI >Link

Cullen JD, Athi N, Al-Jader MA, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'A AI. 2007. Energy reduction for the spot welding process in the automotive industry Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 76 >DOI

Johnson P, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma'A AI, Shaw A. 2007. Online visual inspection of self-piercing riveting to determine the quality of the mechanical interlock Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 76 >DOI

Cordova-Lopez LE, Mason A, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma'A AI. 2007. Online vehicle and atmospheric pollution monitoring using GIS and wireless sensor networks Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 76 >DOI

Al-Shamma'a AI, Pandithas I, Cullen JD, Lucas J, Lowke JJ. 2003. Theoretical Modeling and Experimental Results of a Low Pressure Microwave UV Lamp for Biological Applications IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, :234

Cullen JD, Arvanitis N, Lucas J, Al-Shamma a AI. 2002. In-field trials of a tyre pressure monitoring system based on segmented capacitance rings Measurement, 32 :181-192 ST - In-field trials of a tyre pressure m-181-192 ST - In-field trials of a tyre pressure m >DOI

Cullen JD, Arvanitis N, Lucas J, Al-Shamma'a AI. 2002. In-field trials of a tyre pressure monitoring system based on segmented capacitance rings MEASUREMENT, 32 :181-192 >DOI >Link

Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E, Al-Shamma'a A, Pandithas I, Cullen J, Lucas J. 2001. An optical fiber sensor based on cladding photoluminescence for high power microwave plasma ultraviolet lamps used in water treatment OPTICAL REVIEW, 8 :459-462 >DOI >Link

Chapters

Muradov M, Cullen J, Mason A. 2016. Real-time monitoring of meat drying process using electromagnetic wave sensors Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation 16 :221-233 >DOI

Abdullah BM, Cullen J, Mason A, Al-Shamma’a AI. 2014. A Novel Method for Monitoring Structural Metallic Materials Using Microwave NDT Mason A, Mukhopadhyay SC, Jayasundera KP, Bhattacharyya N. Sensing Technology: Current Status and Future Trends I :161-180 Springer International Publishing 978-3-319-02317-5 >DOI

Abdullah BM, Cullen JD, Korostynska O, Mason A, Al-Shamma a AI. 2014. Assessing water-holding capacity (WHC) of meat using microwave spectroscopy Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation 7 :117-140 >DOI

Wali WA, Cullen JD, Bennett S, Hassan KH, Shaw A, Al-Shamma a AI. 2010. Fuzzy Logic Control of Advance Microwave Biodiesel Reactor Proceedings of the 5th Annual BEAN Conference LJMU

Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Phipps DA, Al-Shamma a AI. 2010. Use of UV Light for Environmentally Friendly Microbial Control Proceedings of the 5th Annual BEAN Conference LJMU

Goh JH, Shaw A, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Oliver M, Vines M, Brockhurst M. 2010. EM Waves Sensor for Water Industry Asset Management Proceedings of the 5th Annual BEAN Conference LJMU

Bader E, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI. 2010. Onto a Simplified, Innovative Approach for the Creation of Wireless Sensor Devices: the Advantages on Diverse Real-World Situation Proceedings of the 5th Annual BEAN Conference LJMU

Al-Jader MA, Wylie N, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI. 2010. Investigation into spot welding process sustainability for the automotive industry Proceedings of the 5th Annual BEAN Conference LJMU

Cordova-Lopez LE, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma a AI. 2006. A GIS-CAN System for the Detection and analysis of Vehicles Exhaust Pollution 7th annual PG Symposium on the Convergance of Telecommunications, Networking and Broadcasting (PGNET) :267-272

Other

Ortoneda M, O Keeffe S, Cullen JD, Phipps DA, Al-Shamma a AI. 2008. Synergistic effect of ozone and UV light on bacteria and applications in food technology

O Keeffe S, Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E, Phipps D, Al-Shamma a AI. 2008. Online optical fibre monitoring system for Microwave Plasma UV lamp with food industry applications

O Keeffe S, Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E, Phipps D, Al-Shamma a AI. 2008. Real-time monitoring of a microwave plasma UV food treatment system based on optical fibre sensors,

O Keeffe S, Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E, Phipps D, Al-Shamma a AI. 2008. Online monitoring of microwave plasma UV lamp and ozone generation system using optical fibre sensors in food applications

O Keeffe S, Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E, Phipps DA, Al-Shamma a AI. 2008. UV-C light and Ozone Utilisation in Food Processing with Online Monitoring Using an Optical Fibre Sensor System

Ortoneda M, O Keeffe S, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Phipps DA, Al-Shamma a AI. 2007. Effect of UV-C microwave-generated light in E. coli

O Keeffe S, Ortoneda M, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Phipps DA, Al-Shamma a AI. 2007. Real-time monitoring systems for the food industry based on optical fibre sensors

O Keeffe S, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Phipps DA, Al-Shamma a AI. 2007. Investigations for the use of Microwave Plasma UV Lamp in the Food Industry,

O Keeffe S, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Fitzpatrick C, Lewis E, Ortoneda M, Phipps DA. 2007. Optical Fibre Sensor System for the online monitoring of a Microwave Plasma UV Lamp Food Treatment System

Johnson P, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Shaw A. 2007. Online Monitoring of self- piercing riveting systems to provide non-destructive testing of the mechanical interlock

Cullen JD, O Keefe S, Al-Shamma a AI, Phipps D, Alkhaddar R. 2007. High energy saving system using microwave plasma generated UV and Ozone for water industry – Liverpool John Moores University

Cullen JD, Athi N, Johnson P, Shaw A, El-Rasheed AMA, Al-Shamma a AI. 2006. Multi Sensor Fusion For On Line Monitoring The Quality Of Metal Interface In Resistance Spot Welding

Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Phipps D, Alkhaddar R. 2006. Microwave plasma made simple for two Rs: water Reuse and Recycling

Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Shaw A, Pandithas I. 2006. Microwave Plasma Source as an Ozone Generator

Cordova-Lopez LE, Mason A, Ross S, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma a AI. 2006. A GIS Based wireless sensor network for remote monitoring and mapping of vehicle exhaust pollution :48-54

Cordova-Lopez LE, Cullen JD, Shaw A, AL-Shamma a AI, Hitchen D. 2006. On Line Monitoring and Control of Microwave Generated Plasma Catalyst System", The

Wei CL, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Shaw A. 2005. Real Time CAN Network System for Monitoring the Vibrations of Vehicle Engines

Lewis G, Wylie SR, Al-Shamma a AI, Cullen JD. 2005. Intelligent Monitoring and Control System for Microwave Chemistry

Jones MG, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI. 2005. Research investigations of microwave-generated UV light as a biocide

Abdullah BM, Al-Shamma a AI, Lucas W, Cullen JD, Houghton M. 2005. Vision Systems for Monitoring and Control of Arc and Laser/Arc Hybrid Process

Wei CL, El-Rasheed AMA, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI. 2004. A labview based intelligent data acquisition system for spotwelding

Wei CL, Al-Shamma a AI, Cullen JD. 2004. A CAN Bus Based Network for Monitoring Temperature Sensors of Car Engine Exhaust Emission Using LabVIEW :6-6

Cullen JD, El-Rasheed AMA, Al-Shamma a AI, Lucas J, Lucas W. 2004. Sensors for online monitoring of resistance spot welding in light-weight vehicles

Pandithas I, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Lucas JC-I. 2003. Online Cost-Effective Sensor System for Microwave UV Lamp

El-Rasheed AMA, Cullen JD, Shaw A, Al-Shamma a AI, Lucas JC-I. 2003. Sensor Studies for non Destructive Examination of Spot Welding

Arvanitis N, Cullen JD, Al-Shamma a AI, Lucas JC-I. 2003. An Innovative Approach to Tyre Pressure Monitoring

Pandithas I, Al-Shamma a AI, Cullen JD, Lucas J. 2002. Germicidal Effects of the Microwave UV Lamp

Cullen JD, Balfour C, Lucas J, Smith JS. 2000. Multisensor clusters for spot welding quality control

Balfour C, Cullen JD, Smith JS, Lucas J. 1998. Optical sensing for spot welding quality control

Theses / Dissertations

Mason A. 2005. Image Processing: Spot Welding Electrode Profile

Engagement & Impact

Fellowships:

Fellowship title: Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, Organisation: Higher Education Academy

Membership of professional bodies:

Member of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, Institution of Electrical Engineers (evolved into Institution of Engineering and Technology in 2006)

Member of the Institution of Engineering and Technology, Institution of Engineering and Technology, http://www.theiet.org/