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Department of Civil Engineering

Dr Iacopo Carnacina

Dr Iacopo Carnacina

Telephone: 0151 231 2584

ORCID

Biography

Starting 2017, Dr. Carnacina has been holding the position of Senior Lecturer in Civil Engineering at Liverpool John Moores University within the School of Civil Engineering.
Prior to this he has been Lecturer and Researcher in River Engineering at UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education within the department of Water Science and Engineering. In 2006 he obtained his master degree in Hydraulic, Transportation and Territory Engineering from the University of Pisa, Italy. In 2010 he obtained his Ph.D. in Civil Engineering from the doctorate school of the University of Pisa “Leonardo da Vinci” Italy, with a thesis on the effect of debris accumulation on bridge pier scour. Since 2007, he has also been a member of the professional body of Civil Engineers of the province of La Spezia, Italy.

Previously, he was involved in the CARNOT/VITRE research project on sediment transportation of combined sewer networks using acoustic devices at the French Institute of science and technology for transport, development and networks (IFSTTAR). There, he analysed the evolution and main morphological features of organic sediment deposits.

After that, he worked for more than 5 years at AIR Worldwide, a catastrophe modeller firm, where he developed fluvial, pluvial and storm surge stochastic numerical models for the continental United States, Brazil, China, Central Europe, UK and Japan. There, he also worked as model manager and scientific lead for the new North Sea storm surge model in collaboration with Deltares, which resulted in development of new solutions using Delft3D-Flexile Mesh.

He is interested in local erosion in correspondence of hydraulic structures such as bridge, river training structures and dams, large scale numerical flood models and flood protection. He has also contributed to the study of sustainable river training structures, with focus on local erosion phenomena and morphology, design, energy dissipation and two phase flow development. His research will focus on the sustainable impact of hydraulic structures with focus micro-hydropower development in rural regions use of sustainable resource to optimize efficiency and minimize the environmental impact.

Languages

Italian
English
French

Degrees

2010, University of Pisa, Italy, PhD Civil Engineering
2006, University of Pisa, Italy, MEng Civil Engineering
2004, University of Pisa, Italy, BEng Civil Engineering

Academic appointments

Senior Lecturer Civil Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Liverpool John Moores University, 2017 - present
Lecturer/Researcher River Basin Hydraulics, Water Science Engineering, IHE-Delft, 2017 - 2017
Researcher, GER, The French institute of science and technology for transport, spatial planning, development and networks, 2010 - 2011
Researcher, Civil Engineering, University of Pisa, 2010 - 2010

Postgraduate training

PGCertLTHE, UK, Liverpool John Moores University, 2017 - 2018

Publications

Highlighted publications

Abbas A, Salloom G, Ruddock F, Alkhaddar R, Hammoudi S, Andoh R, Carnacina I. 2019. Modelling data of an urban drainage design using a Geographic Information System (GIS)database Journal of Hydrology, 574 :450-466 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Carnacina I, Pagliara S, Leonardi N. 2019. Bridge pier scour under pressure flow conditions River Research and Applications, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Keshtpoor M, Carnacina I, Yablonsky RM. 2019. A New Statistical Approach to Select Surge-Producing Extratropical Cyclones from a 10,000-Year Stochastic Catalog Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, 145 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Chapters

Carnacina I, Lescova A, Pagliara S. 2020. A Methodology to Measure Flow Fields at Bridge Piers in the Presence of Large Wood Debris Accumulation Using Acoustic Doppler Velocimeters Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering 39 :17-25 DOI

Journal article

Abbas A, Ruddock F, Alkhaddar R, Rothwell G, Carnacina I, Andoh R. 2019. Experimental data used to validate the FE model of the structural performance of two flexible pipes laid in a single trench Data in Brief, 27 DOI Author Url

Carnacina I, Leonardi N, Pagliara S. 2019. Characteristics of Flow Structure around Cylindrical Bridge Piers in Pressure-Flow Conditions WATER, 11 DOI Author Url Public Url

Abbas A, Ruddock F, Alkhaddar R, Rothwell G, Carnacina I, Andoh R. 2019. Investigation of the structural performance of two flexible pipes set in one trench with a new placement method for separate sewer systems TUNNELLING AND UNDERGROUND SPACE TECHNOLOGY, 92 DOI Author Url

Abbas A, Salloom G, Ruddock F, Alkhaddar R, Hammoudi S, Andoh R, Carnacina I. 2019. Modelling data of an urban drainage design using a Geographic Information System (GIS)database Journal of Hydrology, 574 :450-466 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Carnacina I, Pagliara S, Leonardi N. 2019. Bridge pier scour under pressure flow conditions River Research and Applications, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Al-Saati N, Hussein T, Abbas M, Hashim K, Al-Saati Z, Kot P, Sadique M, Aljefery M, Carnacina I. 2019. Statistical modelling of turbidity removal applied to non-toxic natural coagulants in water treatment: a case study Desalination and Water Treatment, 150 :406-412 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Nicoletta L, Xiarong L, Carnacina I. 2019. A Numerical Investigation on Tidally Induced Sediment Transport and Morphological Changes with Changing Sea Level in South-East England Geosciences Journal, 9 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Keshtpoor M, Carnacina I, Yablonsky RM. 2019. A New Statistical Approach to Select Surge-Producing Extratropical Cyclones from a 10,000-Year Stochastic Catalog Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, 145 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Leonardi N, Carnacina I, Donatelli C, Ganju NK, Plater AJ, Schuerch M, Temmerman S. 2018. Dynamic interactions between coastal storms and salt marshes: A review Geomorphology, 301 :92-107 DOI Public Url

Carnacina I, Larrarte F, Leonardi N. 2017. Acoustic measurement and morphological features of organic sediment deposits in combined sewer networks WATER RESEARCH, 112 :279-290 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Carnacina I, Jemberie A. 2014. A practical approach to floodplain mapping for large-scale catastrophe models WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, 184 :49-60 DOI

Carnacina I, Larrarte F. 2014. Coupling acoustic devices for monitoring combined sewer network sediment deposits WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 69 :1653-1660 DOI Author Url

Carnacina I, Pagliara S. 2013. Discussion of "Resistance to Shallow Uniform Flow in Small, Riprap-Lined Drainage Channels" by David C. Froehlich JOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING, 139 :696-696 DOI Author Url

Pagliara S, Carnacina I. 2013. Bridge pier flow field in the presence of debris accumulation PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS-WATER MANAGEMENT, 166 :187-198 DOI Author Url

Pagliara S, Carnacina I. 2012. Laboratory analysis of the hydrogeological behaviour of rock loose structures on pervious beds International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology, 2 :1-21 DOI

Pagliara S, Palermo M, Carnacina I. 2012. Live-bed scour downstream of block ramps for low densimetric Froude numbers INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SEDIMENT RESEARCH, 27 :337-350 DOI Author Url

Pagliara S, Palermo M, Carnacina I. 2011. Scour process due to symmetric dam spillways crossing jets International Journal of River Basin Management, 9 :31-42 DOI

Pagliara S, Carnacina I, Roshni T. 2011. Inception Point and Air Entrainment on Flows under Macroroughness Condition JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING-ASCE, 137 :629-638 DOI Author Url

Pagliara S, Carnacina I. 2011. Influence of large woody debris on sediment scour at bridge piers INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SEDIMENT RESEARCH, 26 :121-135 DOI Author Url

Pagliara S, Palermo M, Carnacina I. 2011. Expanding pools morphology in live-bed conditions ACTA GEOPHYSICA, 59 :296-316 DOI Author Url

Pagliara S, Carnacina I. 2011. Influence of Wood Debris Accumulation on Bridge Pier Scour JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING-ASCE, 137 :254-261 DOI Author Url

Pagliara S, Roshni T, Carnacina I. 2011. Turbulence, aeration and bubble features of air-water flows in macro- and intermediate roughness conditions Water Science and Engineering, 4 :170-184 DOI

Pagliara S, Carnacina I, Roshni T. 2010. Self-Aeration and Friction over Rock Chutes in Uniform Flow Conditions JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING-ASCE, 136 :959-964 DOI Author Url

Pagliara S, Carnacina I, Roshni T. 2010. Air-water flows in the presence of staggered and row boulders under macroroughness conditions WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, 46 DOI Author Url

Pagliara S, Carnacina I, Cigni F. 2010. Sills and gabions as countermeasures at bridge pier in presence of debris accumulations JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC RESEARCH, 48 :764-774 DOI Author Url

Pagliara S, Carnacina I. 2010. Temporal scour evolution at bridge piers: effect of wood debris roughness and porosity JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC RESEARCH, 48 :3-13 DOI Author Url

Pagliara S, Palermo M, Carnacina I. 2009. Scour and hydraulic jump downstream of block ramps in expanding stilling basins Journal of Hydraulic Research, 47 :503-511 DOI

Pagliara S, Palermo M, Carnacina I. 2009. Scour and hydraulic jump downstream of block ramps in expanding stilling basins JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC RESEARCH, 47 :503-511 DOI Author Url

Pagliara S, Das R, Carnacina I. 2008. Flow resistance in large-scale roughness condition CANADIAN JOURNAL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, 35 :1285-1293 DOI Author Url

Conference publication

A A, Carnacina I, F R, R AK, G R, R A. 2018. Improving the Hydraulic Integrity to Separate the Sewer System in Hilly Regions Using a New Manhole Design 11th International Conference on Urban Drainage Modelling :825-829 DOI Author Url

Carnacina I, VAN DER KAAIJ T, ZIJL F, Rego J, VERLAAN M. 2015. THE 2013 XAVER STORM SURGE AND THE RESPONSE OF THE NORTH SEA DEFENSE SYSTEM PROCEEDINGS OF THE 36TH IAHR WORLD CONGRESS, 36th IAHR World Congress

Pagliara S, Carnacina I, Palermo M. 2010. COMBINED SEWER NETWORK IN HILLY REGION: FIELD SURVEY AND POLLUTANT OVERFLOW OPTIMIZATION Hlavinek P, Winkler I, Marsalek J, Mahrikova I. ADVANCED WATER SUPPLY AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT: A ROAD TO SAFER SOCIETY AND ENVIRONMENT, NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Advanced Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment - A Road to Safer Society and Environment :87-97 DOI Author Url

Engagement & Impact

Teaching qualification:

PGCert Learning and Teaching in Higher Education. 2018

Membership of professional bodies:

Professional Civil Engineer, Professional order of Engineers the province of La Spezia. 2017

Award:

EWRI-ASCE Best Reviewer Award for Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, EWRI-ASCE. 2014

Conference organisation:

2nd International Junior Engineers and Researcher Workshop on Hydraulic Structures ’08 (IAHR)., Organisation committee team member. 2007

Other Professional Activity:

AIR Worldwide, Boston, USA, SENIOR ENGINEER and FLOOD MODELER, from 10/2011 to 02/2017 • Catastrophe modeler, Flood risk modeler, Coastal flood modeler • Enhanced technical coastal flood solutions through new strategical industrial partnership as project manager for storm surge model for Europe, using state of the art 2D hydraulic model. • Expanded set of physical model simulation to improve flood risk assessment of pluvial flood for urban catchment trough development of hydrodynamic numerical code using finite volume solution of shallow water equations in C++ and OPENMP/CUDA parallel process environment. • Provided new solutions with reduced computational cost technologies to efficiently assess flood inundation pattern for levee braches. • Expanded coverage of flood risk model by developing new flood hazard of riverine flood and pluvial flood for United States, Europe, Thailand, optimizing the 2D flood model algorithm to account for steep catchment..

Eng. Pagliara, Pisa, Italy, HYDRAULIC ENGINEER, from 01/2009 to 06/2009 • Performed hydraulic and geotechnical design of river protection structure for Soris Scrivia factory,.

Eng. Pagliara, Pisa, Italy, HYDRAULIC ENGINEER, from 04/2010 to 09/2010; • River cross section survey of Cornia river basin, with total station and generation of input for MIKE11 hydraulic model for the hydraulic analysis and flood hazard map generation..

Eng. Vergassola, CIVIL ENGINEER, Follo (Sp), Italy, (31/11/2005 - 31/12/2005); • Coordinated structural design of several concrete structure in the context of NGO project Eng. Zucconi, La Spezia, INTERNSHIP AS CIVIL ENGINEER from 10/1/2004 to 25/2/2004; from 1/9/2004 to 10/10/2004; and from 15/1/2005 to 15/2/2005). • Provided new accurate data implementation for structural analysis of school in the Province of La Spezia • Reanalyzed structural safety of mixed steel and concrete structures and tunnels..

French institute of science and technology for transport, development and networks (IFSTTAR) Nantes, France. POST-DOCTORAL FELLOW, from 08/2010 to 07/2011 • Obtained new insight in the sediment transport within combined sewer network through leverage of new acoustic technology and through generation of new algorithm to asses sediment morphology.

LJMU link member for the Merseyside ICE Committee.

Reviewer for scientific publication: Water Resource Research, Water Science and Engineering, Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering (ASCE), Journal of Hydraulic Research, Urban Water, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (ASCE), Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions of Civil Engineering; from 01/2010 to present.

Reviewer for: Journal of Irrigation and Drainage (ASCE), Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (ASCE), Water Resource Research, Journal of Water and Climate Change, The Royal Society, Sciences in Cold and Arid Region, Applied Water Science.

University of Pisa, HYDRAULIC ENGINEER, from 04/2010 to 06/2010 • Optimized and obtained new insight of flow field and physical parameter in the Gulf of La Spezia, in a consulting project for the Port Authority of La Spezia. • Effectively communicated results to stakeholders and government authorities trough final report writing, and public presentations.

University of Pisa, HYDRAULIC ENGINEER, from 05/2007 to 05/2009 • Optimized performance of manholes for the Azienda Servizi Ambientali (ASA) Livorno, using physical and numerical models (SWMM, FLOW3D), to reduce pollutant flux and enhance flow diversion performance.

University of Pisa, HYDRAULIC ENGINEER, from 06/2009 to 06/2010 • Provided expertise for improvement of technical solution for spillway design, dissipation basin and aeration performance of the El-Chaparral Dam, San Salvador, trough physical models.

University of Pisa, RESEARCH FELLOW, from 01/2010 to 07/2010 • Developed new knowledge on interaction between air water of two phase flows and dissemination of results through with scientific publication. • Thanks to these developments, new design guidelines have been produced to assess the effect of scour downstream of flood protection structure and low environmental impact hydraulic structures..