Liverpool Skylilne

Natural Sciences and Psychology

Dr Emma Pomeroy

Dr Emma Pomeroy

Telephone: 0151 231 2815

Biography

Humans past and present vary greatly in their morphology, but how does this variation relate to both our social and natural environments, and what are the implications for health throughout the life course?

Understanding the interaction between morphology, evolutionary history, and environmental conditions has great potential to inform us about the nature of human adaptation and adaptability, and the consequences of economic variation and social interaction for human health and biology. I pursue an interdisciplinary approach combining work with human skeletons from archaeological sites and studies of contemporary populations to offer new insight into human variation. Previous and current projects include research in South America, South Asia and Europe. In particular, my interests centre on the origin and adaptive significance of variation in limb proportions and body composition, and their implications for health in the past and in the present (Thrifty Phenotype or Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Hypothesis). Current projects include:

THE ORIGINS OF LOW LEAN MASS AND CHRONIC DISEASE SUSCEPTIBILITY AMONG SOUTH ASIANS:
Low lean (organ and muscle) mass among contemporary South Asian populations is implicated in their particularly high susceptibility to chronic diseases (e.g. type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease). In collaboration with Dr Veena Mushrif (Deccan College Research and Post Graduate Institute, Pune, India), this study is using data from Indian archaeological skeletal collections and a large epidemiological cohort study (APCAPS [apcaps.lshtm.ac.uk/]) to shed new light on when and why this low lean mass originated. The project is funded by the British Academy (2014-2015) and Leverhulme Trust/Isaac Newton Trust (2015-2018).

NEANDERTHAL MORPHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR:
I am the paleoanthropologist at renewed excavations at Shanidar Cave, Iraqi Kurdistan. Shanidar Cave is one of the most famous Neanderthal sites, yielding the remains of 10 men, women and children in excavations led by Ralph Solecki between 1951 and 1960. The new project, led my Professor Graeme Barker, is using modern archaeological science and techniques to refine our understanding of the chronology and stratigraphy of Solecki’s original excavations, and to provide new insight into behaviour during the Palaeolithic. This has included the discovery of more Neanderthal remains, most notably additional material from Shanidar 5.

BIOARCHAEOLOGY OF A POST_MEDIEVAL HOSPITAL IN GIBRALTAR:
With Dr Kevin Lane (CONICET, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina) I co-direct the analysis of over 200 skeletons from Old St Bernard’s Hospital, Gibraltar, in collaboration with Dr Sam Benady, and Dr Jennifer Lett-Grant. The project offers a unique opportunity to study the impact of trade, war and disease on a changing post-medieval community located at a strategic geographic location between the Mediterranean and Atlantic, as well as the nature of healthcare at a time when modern medicine first began to develop and burgeoning global human mobility brought novel health challenges.

Degrees

2012, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, PhD

Academic appointments

Lecturer in Biological Anthropology, Liverpool John Moores University, 2016 - present

Publications

Highlighted publications

Groucutt HS, Grün R, Zamout ISA, Drake NA, Armitage SJ, Candy I, Clark-Wilson R, Louys J, Breeze PS, Duval M, Buck LT, Kivell TL, Pomeroy EE, Stephens NB, Stock JT, Stewart M, Price GJ, Kinsley L, Sung WW, Alsharekh A, Al-Omari A, Zahir M, Memesh AM, Abdulshakoor AJ, Al-Masari AM, Bahameem AA, Al Murayyi KSM, Zahrani B, Scerri EML, Petraglia MD. 2018. Homo sapiens in Arabia by 85,000 years ago Nature Ecology and Evolution, >DOI

Pomeroy EE, Mirazón Lahr M, Crivellaro F, Farr L, Reynolds T, Hunt CO, Barker G. 2017. Newly-discovered Neanderthal remains from Shanidar Cave, Iraqi Kurdistan, and their attribution to Shanidar 5 Journal of Human Evolution, 111 :102-118 >DOI

Wells JC, Pomeroy E, Walimbe SR, Popkin BM, Yajnik CS. 2016. The elevated susceptibility to diabetes in India: an evolutionary perspective Frontiers in Public Health, 4 >DOI >Link

Journal article

Lane KJ, Pomeroy EE, Lujan Davila MR. 2018. Over Rock and Under Stone: carved rocks and subterranean burials at Kipia, Ancash, AD 1000 – 1532 Open Archaeology, 4 :299-321 >DOI

Groucutt HS, Grün R, Zamout ISA, Drake NA, Armitage SJ, Candy I, Clark-Wilson R, Louys J, Breeze PS, Duval M, Buck LT, Kivell TL, Pomeroy EE, Stephens NB, Stock JT, Stewart M, Price GJ, Kinsley L, Sung WW, Alsharekh A, Al-Omari A, Zahir M, Memesh AM, Abdulshakoor AJ, Al-Masari AM, Bahameem AA, Al Murayyi KSM, Zahrani B, Scerri EML, Petraglia MD. 2018. Homo sapiens in Arabia by 85,000 years ago Nature Ecology and Evolution, >DOI

Pomeroy EE, Mushrif-Tripathy V, Wells JCK, Kulkarni B, Kinra S, Stock JT. 2018. Stature estimation equations for South Asian skeletons based on DXA scans of contemporary adults American Journal of Physical Anthropology, >DOI

Pomeroy E, Macintosh A, Wells JCK, Cole TJ, Stock JT. 2018. Relationship between body mass, lean mass, fat mass, and limb bone cross-sectional geometry: implications for estimating body mass and physique from the skeleton American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 166 :59-69 >DOI

Pomeroy EE, Mirazón Lahr M, Crivellaro F, Farr L, Reynolds T, Hunt CO, Barker G. 2017. Newly-discovered Neanderthal remains from Shanidar Cave, Iraqi Kurdistan, and their attribution to Shanidar 5 Journal of Human Evolution, 111 :102-118 >DOI

Wells JC, Pomeroy E, Walimbe SR, Popkin BM, Yajnik CS. 2016. The elevated susceptibility to diabetes in India: an evolutionary perspective Frontiers in Public Health, 4 >DOI >Link

Pomeroy E, Wells JCK, Stanojevic S, Miranda JJ, Moore LG, Cole TJ, Stock JT. 2015. Surname-Inferred andean ancestry is associated with child stature and limb lengths at high altitude in Peru, but not at sea level American Journal of Human Biology, 27 :798-806 >DOI >Link

Pomeroy E, Wells JCK, Stanojevic S, Miranda JJ, Cole TJ, Stock JT. 2014. Birth month associations with height, head circumference, and limb lengths among peruvian children American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 154 :115-124 >DOI >Link

Pomeroy E, Wells JCK, Cole TJ, O'Callaghan M, Stock JT. 2014. Relationships of maternal and paternal anthropometry with neonatal body size, proportions and adiposity in an Australian cohort American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 156 :625-636 >DOI >Link

Pomeroy E, Stock JT, Stanojevic S, Miranda JJ, Cole TJ, Wells JCK. 2014. Stunting, adiposity, and the individual-level “dual burden” among urban lowland and rural highland peruvian children American Journal of Human Biology, 26 :481-490 >DOI >Link

Pomeroy E, Stock JT, Cole TJ, O'Callaghan M, Wells JCK. 2014. Relationships between Neonatal Weight, Limb Lengths, Skinfold Thicknesses, Body Breadths and Circumferences in an Australian Cohort PLoS One, 9 :e105108 >DOI >Link

Pomeroy E, Stock JT, Stanojevic S, Miranda JJ, Cole TJ, Wells JCK. 2013. Associations between arterial oxygen saturation, body size and limb measurements among high-altitude andean children American Journal of Human Biology, 25 :629-636 >DOI >Link

Pomeroy E. 2013. Biomechanical insights into activity and long distance trade in the south-central Andes (AD 500–1450) Journal of Archaeological Science, 40 :3129-3140 >DOI >Link

Pomeroy E, Stock JT, Stanojevic S, Miranda JJ, Cole TJ, Wells JCK. 2012. Trade-offs in relative limb lengths among Andean children: evidence for extending the thrifty phenotype hypothesis to limb growth American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 147 :238-238

Pomeroy E, Stock JT. 2012. Estimation of stature and body mass from the skeleton among coastal and mid-altitude andean populations American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 147 :264-279 >DOI >Link

Reveille JD, Sims AM, Danoy P, Evans DM, Leo P, Pointon JJ, Jin R, Zhou XD, Bradbury LA, Appleton LH, Davis JC, Diekman L, Doan T, Dowling A, Duan R, Duncan EL, Farrar C, Hadler J, Harvey D, Karaderi T, Mogg R, Pomeroy E, Pryce K, Taylor J, Savage L, Deloukas P, Kumanduri V, Peltonen L, Ring SM, Whittaker P, Glazov E, Thomas GP, Maksymowych WP, Inman RD, Ward MM, Stone MA, Weisman MH, Wordsworth BP, Brown MA. 2010. Genome-wide association study of ankylosing spondylitis identifies non-MHC susceptibility loci Nature Genetics, 42 :123-127 >DOI

Pomeroy E, Stock JT, Zakrzewski SR, Lahr MM. 2010. A metric study of three types of artificial cranial modification from north-central Peru International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 20 :317-334 >Link

Podbielski DW, Bruckel J, Pomeroy E, Inman RD, Warren RW, Savage LM, Richardson J, Papachristos A, Mogg RJ, Stone MA. 2010. Visual Assessment of the Spine Bruckel Instrument, a Novel Status Tool to Reflect Appearance of the Spine in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis The Journal of Rheumatology, 37 :628-632 >DOI >Link

Stone MA, White LM, Gladman DD, Inman RD, Chaya S, Lax M, Salonen D, Weber DA, Guthrie JA, Pomeroy E, Podbielski D, Keystone EC. 2009. Significance of Clinical Evaluation of the Metacarpophalangeal Joint in Relation to Synovial/Bone Pathology in Rheumatoid and Psoriatic Arthritis Detected by Magnetic Resonance Imaging The Journal of Rheumatology, 36 :2751-2757 >DOI >Link

Pomeroy E, Zakrzewski SR. 2009. Sexual dimorphism in diaphyseal cross-sectional shape in the medieval Muslim population of Écija, Spain, and Anglo-Saxon Great Chesterford, UK International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 19 :50-65 >Link

Pomeroy E. 2009. Labial talon cusps: a South American archaeological case in the deciduous dentition and review of a rare trait British Dental Journal, 206 :277-282

Stone MA, Pomeroy E, Keat A, Sengupta R, Hickey S, Dieppe P, Gooberman-Hill R, Mogg R, Richardson J, Inman RD. 2008. Assessment of the impact of flares in ankylosing spondylitis disease activity using the Flare Illustration Rheumatology (Oxford, England), 47 :1213-1218

Coates L, Pauling J, Pomeroy E, Richardson J, Gay L, Mogg R, Stone MA. 2007. Validation study to assess responsiveness of the INSPIRE method for the evaluation of lateral spinal bending Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 66 :615

Pomeroy EE, Mushrif-Tripathy V, Kulkarni B, Kinra S, Stock JT, Cole TJ, Shirley MK, Wells JCK. Estimating body mass and composition from proximal femur dimensions using Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences,

Payne S, Kumar BC R, Pomeroy EE, Macintosh A, Stock J. Thrifty Phenotype vs Cold Adaptation: Trade-offs in Upper Limb Proportions of Himalayan Populations of Nepal Royal Society Open Science,

Pomeroy E, Grant J, Ward D, Benady S, Reinoso del Rio MC, Gutierrez Lopez JM, Mata Almonte E, Ramirez Leon J, Cobos Rodriguez L, Finlayson G, Finlayson S, Finlayson C, Lane K. Death in the Sun: The bioarchaeology of an early post-Medieval hospital in Gibraltar Post-Medieval Archaeology, >DOI

Chapters

Pomeroy E, Wells JCK, Stock JT. 2016. Obstructed Labour: The Classic Obstetric Dilemma and Beyond Alvergne A, Jenkinson C, Faurie C. Evolutionary Thinking in Medicine: From Research to Policy and Practice :33-45 Springer International Publishing. Cham 978-3-319-29716-3 >DOI >Link

Davies TG, Pomeroy E, Shaw CN, Stock JT. 2014. Mobility and the skeleton: a biomechanical view Past Mobilities: Archaeological Approaches to Movement and Mobility :129-129

Conference publication

Pomeroy E, Stock JT, Stanojevic S, Miranda JJ, Cole TJ, Wells JCK. 2014. The individual-level 'dual burden' of short stature and excess adiposity: Discounting a methodological explanation using tibia length American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Suppl. 58 :210-210

Pomeroy E, Stock JT, Stanojevic S, Miranda JJ, Cole TJ, Wells JCK. 2012. Trade-offs in relative limb length among Peruvian children: Extending the thrifty phenotype hypothesis to limb proportions PLoS One, 7 :e51795 >DOI >Link

Stone MA, Pomeroy E, Keat A, Sengupta R, Hickey S, Dieppe P, Gooberman-Hill R, Mogg R, Richardson J, Inman RD. 2008. Assessment of the impact of flares in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) disease activity using a novel visual tool Rheumatology, 47 :II68-II69

Stone MA, Gordon D, Sengupta R, Pomeroy E, Mogg R, Keat A. 2008. Disease progression is significant in terms of functional impairment but not disease activity in patients with ankylosing spondylitis Rheumatology, Rheumatology 47 :II71-II71

Sengupta R, Sallis D, Pomeroy E, Mogg R, Stone MA. 2008. Ankylosing spondylitis is a volatile and variably progressive disease Rheumatology, 47 :ii77

Sengupta R, Pomeroy E, Mogg R, Richardson J, Gay L, Stone MA. 2008. The Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) effectively measures treatment response in AS patients at all stages of disease duration Rheumatology, 47 :ii76

Pomeroy E, Sengupta R, Mogg R, Richardson J, Gay L, Stone MA. 2008. Inpatient physiotherapy significantly reduces fatigue in ankylosing spondylitis patients Rheumatology, 47 :ii78

Zakrzewski SR, Cashmore LA, Pomeroy EE. 2007. Activity and asymmetry at Islamic Ecija (Spain) American Journal of Physical Anthropology, American Journal of Physical Anthropology 132 :255-255

Stone MA, Sengupta R, Gordon D, Pomeroy E, Mogg R, Keat A. 2007. Longitudinal analysis of disease outcomes in ankylosing spondylitis yields insights into the natural history of AS Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 66 :410

Stone MA, Keat A, Pomeroy E, Hickey S, Sengupta R, Mogg R, Richardson J, Pauling J, Inman RD. 2007. Persistent disease activity patterns predominate in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and are associated with worse clinical outcomes Arthritis and Rheumatism, 56

Stone MA, Keat A, Hickey S, Pomeroy E, Mogg R, Sengupta R, Inman RD. 2007. Ankylosing Spondylitis is characterised by persistent disease activity with episodic flare-ups Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 66 :410

Stone MA, Gordon D, Sengupta R, Pomeroy E, Mogg R, Keat A. 2007. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a progressive disease without burn-out in the majority of patients Arthritis and Rheumatism, 59

Sengupta R, Hunt L, Richardson J, Gay L, Pomeroy E, Mogg R, Stone MA. 2007. Analysis of longitudinal cervical spinal mobility measures over a 32 year period indicates that AS is a progressive disease with clear cut gender differences Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 66 :409

Molloy CB, Connelly P, Sengupta R, Papachristos A, Inrig T, Pomeroy E, Rockman J, Kay HI, Taylor G, Stone MA. 2007. The role of lipoproteins and sensitivity CRP as potential biomarkers of disease activity in spondyloarthopathy Arthritis & Rheumatism, 56 :4299-4299

Molloy CB, Sengupta R, Connelly P, Papachristos A, Inrig T, Rockman J, Kay H, Pomeroy E, Stone MA. 2007. Lipid bioprofiles and correlation with disease activity measures in the'spondyloarthropathies Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 66 :405-405

Thesis/Dissertation

Pomeroy E. 2012. The Bioarchaeology of Adaptation to Andean Environments: A Combined Osteometric and Anthropometric Approach

Pomeroy E. 2006. Metric Postcranial Sexual Dimorphism in the Medieval Muslim Population of Écija, Spain

Pomeroy E. 2003. The Craniometrics of Artificial Cranial Deformation: A Metric Study of Three Types of Deformation from North-Central Peru