Liverpool Skylilne

Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences

Prof Mark Wainwright

Prof Mark Wainwright

Biography

Medicinal organic chemist. Worked in design, synthesis and applications of photosensitisers since 1987. Particular interest in the application to infection control (photoantimicrobials). Book "Photosensitisers in Biomedicine" (Wiley) published in 2009. Photosensitiser design spin-out Pharmalucia, 2008-2013.

Academic appointments

Professor of Chemotherapy, Pharmacy & Biomol.Sic., Liverpool John Moores University, 2005 - present

Publications

Journal article

Wainwright M, Stockburn WJ, Lawrence CL, Stevens HJ, Jones AE, Smith RB. 2018. Photoactive plants: Botany bad boys or horticultural heroes? PHYTOTHERAPY RESEARCH, 32 :561-563 >DOI >Link

Tonani L, Morosini NS, de Menezes HD, Bonifácio da Silva MEN, Wainwright M, Braga GÚL, von Zeska Kress MR. 2017. In vitro susceptibilities of Neoscytalidium spp. sequence types to antifungal agents and antimicrobial photodynamic treatment with phenothiazinium photosensitizers Fungal Biology, >DOI

Gonzales JC, Brancini GTP, Rodrigues GB, Silva-Junior GJ, Bachmann L, Wainwright M, Braga GÚL. 2017. Photodynamic inactivation of conidia of the fungus Colletotrichum abscissum on Citrus sinensis plants with methylene blue under solar radiation Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 176 :54-61 >DOI

Wainwright M. 2017. The problem with dyes in infection control Dyes and Pigments, 146 :402-407 >DOI

Wainwright M. 2017. Dyes, flies, and sunny skies: photodynamic therapy and neglected tropical diseases Coloration Technology, 133 :3-14 >DOI

Wainwright M, Maisch T, Nonell S, Plaetzer K, Almeida A, Tegos GP, Hamblin MR. 2017. Photoantimicrobials—are we afraid of the light? The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 17 :e49-e55 >DOI

Wainwright M, McLean A. 2017. Rational design of phenothiazinium derivatives and photoantimicrobial drug discovery Dyes and Pigments, 136 :590-600 >DOI

Brancini GTP, Rodrigues GB, Rambaldi MDSL, Izumi C, Yatsuda AP, Wainwright M, Rosa JC, Braga G. 2016. The effects of photodynamic treatment with new methylene blue N on the: Candida albicans proteome Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, 15 :1503-1513 >DOI

de Menezes HD, Tonani L, Bachmann L, Wainwright M, Braga G, von Zeska Kress MR. 2016. Photodynamic treatment with phenothiazinium photosensitizers kills both ungerminated and germinated microconidia of the pathogenic fungi Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium moniliforme and Fusarium solani Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 164 :1-12 >DOI

Fracarolli L, Rodrigues GB, Pereira AC, Massola Júnior NS, Silva-Junior GJ, Bachmann L, Wainwright M, Bastos JK, Braga GUL. 2016. Inactivation of plant-pathogenic fungus Colletotrichum acutatum with natural plant-produced photosensitizers under solar radiation Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 162 :402-411 >DOI

Spagnul C, Greenman J, Wainwright M, Kamil Z, Boyle RW. 2016. Synthesis, characterization and biological evaluation of a new photoactive hydrogel against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY B, 4 :1499-1509 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2016. Laser-guided magic bullets-A non-antibiotic answer to O'Neill Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy, 13 :A1-A2 >DOI

Tardivo JP, Wainwright M, Baptista M. 2015. Small scale trial of photodynamic treatment of onychomycosis in São Paulo Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 150 :66-68 >DOI

Wainwright M, Antczak J, Baca M, Loughran C, Meegan K. 2015. Phenothiazinium photoantimicrobials with basic side chains Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 150 :38-43 >DOI

Bacellar IOL, Pavani C, Itri R, Baptista MS, Sales EM, Wainwright M. 2014. Membrane damage efficiency of phenothiazinium photosensitizers Photochemistry and Photobiology, 90 :801-813 >DOI

Wainwright M. 2014. In defence of 'dye therapy' International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 44 :26-29 >DOI

Bacellar IOL, Pavani C, Baptista MS, Sales EM, Itri R, Wainwright M. 2014. Membrane damage efficiency of phenothiazinium photosensitizers Photochemistry and Photobiology, >DOI

de Menezes HD, Rodrigues GB, Teixeira SDP, Massola NS, Bachmann L, Wainwright M, Braga GUL. 2014. In vitro photodynamic inactivation of plant-pathogenic fungi Colletotrichum acutatum and Colletotrichum gloeosporioides with novel phenothiazinium photosensitizers Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 80 :1623-1632 >DOI

De Menezes HD, Pereira AC, Brancini GTP, De Leão HC, Massola Júnior NS, Bachmann L, Wainwright M, Bastos JK, Braga GUL. 2014. Furocoumarins and coumarins photoinactivate Colletotrichum acutatum and Aspergillus nidulans fungi under solar radiation Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 131 :74-83 >DOI

Wainwright M, Amaral L. 2013. Photobactericides - A local option against multi-drug resistant bacteria Antibiotics, 2 :182-190 >DOI

Wainwright M, Wainwright M. 2013. Photobactericides - a local option against MDR bacteria Antibiotics, 2 :182-190

Rodrigues GB, Dias-Baruffi M, Holman N, Wainwright M, Braga GUL. 2013. In vitro photodynamic inactivation of Candida species and mouse fibroblasts with phenothiazinium photosensitisers and red light Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy, 10 :141-149 >DOI

Wainwright M. 2013. Missed chance? Chemistry and Industry (London), 77 :36-39 >DOI

Rodrigues GB, Dias-Baruffi M, Braga GUL, Holman N, Wainwright M. 2012. In vitro photodynamic inactivation of Candida species and mouse fibroblasts with phenothiazinium photosensitisers and red light Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy, >DOI

Rodrigues GB, Ferreira LKS, Wainwright M, Braga GUL. 2012. Susceptibilities of the dermatophytes Trichophyton mentagrophytes and T. rubrum microconidia to photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy with novel phenothiazinium photosensitizers and red light Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 116 :89-94 >DOI

Sadek B, Ashoor A, Mansouri AA, Lorke DE, Nurulain SM, Petroianu G, Wainwright M, Oz M. 2012. N3,N7-diaminophenothiazinium derivatives as antagonists of α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes Pharmacological Research,

Tardivo JP, Wainwright M, Baptista MS. 2012. Local clinical phototreatment of herpes infection in São Paulo Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy,

Wainwright M. 2012. Photodynamic medicine and infection control. J Antimicrob Chemother, 67 :787-788 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Smalley H, Scully O, Lotfipour E. 2012. Comparative photodynamic evaluation of new phenothiazinium derivatives against Propionibacterium acnes. Photochem Photobiol, 88 :523-526 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2011. Championing photoantimicrobial discovery. Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther, 8 :288-289 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Baptista MS. 2011. The application of photosensitisers to tropical pathogens in the blood supply. Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther, 8 :240-248 >DOI >Link

Hope-Roberts M, Horobin RW, Wainwright M. 2011. Identifying apoptotic cells with the 3-hydroxyflavone derivative F2N12S, a ratiometric fluorescent small molecule probe selective for plasma membranes: a possible general mechanism for selective uptake into apoptotic cells BIOTECHNIC & HISTOCHEMISTRY, 86 :255-261 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Smalley H, Flint C. 2011. The use of photosensitisers in acne treatment. J Photochem Photobiol B, 105 :1-5 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Meegan K, Loughran C. 2011. Phenothiazinium photosensitisers IX. Tetra- and pentacyclic derivatives as photoantimicrobial agents DYES AND PIGMENTS, 91 :1-5 >DOI >Link

Hope-Roberts M, Wainwright M, Horobin RW. 2011. Real-time imaging of bacteria in living mice using a fluorescent dye BIOTECHNIC & HISTOCHEMISTRY, 86 :104-107 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Dai T, Hamblin MR. 2011. Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy in the colon: delivering a light punch to the guts? Photochem Photobiol, 87 :754-756 >DOI >Link

Baptista MS, Wainwright M. 2011. Photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT) for the treatment of malaria, leishmaniasis and trypanosomiasis BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 44 :1-10 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Kristiansen JE. 2011. On the 75th anniversary of Prontosil DYES AND PIGMENTS, 88 :231-234 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2011. Handbook of biological dyes and stains ? Synthesis and industrial applications. Biotech Histochem, 86 :444-445 >DOI

Wainwright M. 2010. Dyes, trypanosomiasis and DNA: a historical and critical review. Biotech Histochem, 85 :341-354 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2010. Therapeutic applications of near-infrared dyes COLORATION TECHNOLOGY, 126 :115-126 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2010. 'Safe' photoantimicrobials for skin and soft-tissue infections. Int J Antimicrob Agents, 36 :14-18 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Brandt SD, Smith A, Styles A, Meegan K, Loughran C. 2010. Phenothiazinium photosensitisers VII: novel substituted asymmetric N-benzylphenothiaziniums as photoantimicrobial agents. J Photochem Photobiol B, 99 :74-77 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Stanforth A, Jones R, Loughran C, Meegan K. 2010. Photoantimicrobials as a potential local approach to geriatric UTIs. Lett Appl Microbiol, 50 :486-492 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Shah A, Meegan K, Loughran C, Smith A, Valli N, Dempster N. 2010. Phenothiazinium-fluoroquinolone drug conjugates. Int J Antimicrob Agents, 35 :405-409 >DOI >Link

Jarvis R, Niu X, De Mello AJ, Wainwright M, Wootton RCR. 2009. A microfluidic flow system for activity screening of photo-dynamic therapy agents Proceedings of Conference, MicroTAS 2009 - The 13th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences, :603-605

Wainwright M, Meegan K, Loughran C, Giddens RM. 2009. Phenothiazinium photosensitisers, Part VI: Photobactericidal asymmetric derivatives DYES AND PIGMENTS, 82 :387-391 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2009. Photoantimicrobials--so what's stopping us? Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther, 6 :167-169 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Styles A, Smith A. 2008. Novel phenothiaziniums as putative photo-antiviral agents JOURNAL OF PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY, 60 :A35-A35 >Link

Zainoor NM, Wainwright M, Dyas AM, Rostron C, Brandt S. 2008. An evaluation of the chemotaxonomy of Lignosus rhinocerus JOURNAL OF PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY, 60 :A4-A5 >Link

Hope-Roberts M, Wainwright M, Horobin RW. 2008. A nitrobenzofuran-conjugated phosphatidycholine (C-12-NBD-PC) as a stain for, membrane lamellae for both microscopic imaging and spectrofluorimetry BIOTECHNIC & HISTOCHEMISTRY, 83 :25-28 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2008. Dyes in the development of drugs and pharmaceuticals DYES AND PIGMENTS, 76 :582-589 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2008. Photodynamic therapy: the development of new photosensitisers. Anticancer Agents Med Chem, 8 :280-291 >Link

Brandt SD, Martins CPB, Freeman S, Dempster N, Wainwright M, Riby PG, Alder JF. 2008. N,N-Dimethyltryptamine and dichloromethane: rearrangement of quaternary ammonium salt product during GC-EI and CI-MS-MS analysis. J Pharm Biomed Anal, 47 :207-212 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2007. Natural Product Photoantimicrobials Current Bioactive Compounds, 3 :252-261 >DOI

Zainoor NM, Wainwright M, Rostron C, Brandt S. 2007. Distribution of ergosterol in different parts of Lignosus rhinocerus JOURNAL OF PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY, 59 :A59-A60 >Link

Wainwright M. 2007. Phenothiazinium photosensitisers: V. Photobactericidal activities of chromophore-methylated phenothiazinium salts DYES AND PIGMENTS, 73 :7-12 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Mohr H, Walker WH. 2007. Phenothiazinium derivatives for pathogen inactivation in blood products. J Photochem Photobiol B, 86 :45-58 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2006. The light fantastic: photodisinfection - an achievable aim for the pharmaceutical industry? Chemistry & Industry, :22-24

Wainwright M, Byrne MN, Gattrell MA. 2006. Phenothiazinium-based photobactericidal materials. J Photochem Photobiol B, 84 :227-230 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2005. The development of phenothiazinium photosensitisers Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy, 2 :263-272

Wainwright M, Amaral L. 2005. Review: The phenothiazinium chromophore and the evolution of antimalarial drugs TROPICAL MEDICINE & INTERNATIONAL HEALTH, 10 :501-511 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2004. Azo dyes and the beginning of the antibiotic era The Colourist, :9-9

Wainwright M. 2004. Photodynamic therapy - from dyestuffs to high-tech clinical practice Review of Progress in Coloration, 34 :95-109

Wainwright M, Crossley KB. 2004. Photosensitising agents - circumventing resistance and breaking down biofilms International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, :119-126

Wainwright M. 2004. Photoantimicrobials - a PACT against resistance and infection DRUGS OF THE FUTURE, 29 :85-93 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2004. Photoinactivation of viruses. Photochem Photobiol Sci, 3 :406-411 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2003. Dyes in modern medicine: teaching old stains new tricks? Biotechnic & Histochemistry, :145-145

Wainwright M. 2003. A light sabre to combat the Superbug? The Colourist, :4-4

Wainwright M, Giddens RM. 2003. Phenothiazinium photosensitisers: choices in synthesis and application DYES AND PIGMENTS, 57 :245-257 >DOI >Link

O'Neill J, Wilson M, Wainwright M. 2003. Comparative antistreptococcal activity of photobactericidal agents JOURNAL OF CHEMOTHERAPY, 15 :329-334 >Link

Wainwright M. 2003. Orcein, a traditional stain revealed: some introductory remarks. Biotech Histochem, 78 :285-287 >Link

Wainwright M. 2003. The use of dyes in modern biomedicine. Biotech Histochem, 78 :147-155 >Link

Wainwright M, Kristiansen JE. 2003. Quinoline and cyanine dyes--putative anti-MRSA drugs. Int J Antimicrob Agents, 22 :479-486 >Link

Phoenix DA, Sayed Z, Hussain S, Harris F, Wainwright M. 2003. The phototoxicity of phenothiazinium derivatives against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol, 39 :17-22 >Link

Wainwright M. 2003. Local treatment of viral disease using photodynamic therapy. Int J Antimicrob Agents, 21 :510-520 >Link

Wainwright M, Phoenix DA, Nickson PB, Morton G. 2002. The use of new methylene blue in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm destruction BIOFOULING, 18 :247-249 >DOI >Link

Burrow SM, Phoenix DA, Wainwright M, Tobin MJ. 2002. Intracellular localisation studies of doxorubicin and Victoria Blue BO in EMT6-S and EMT6-R cells using confocal microscopy. Cytotechnology, 39 :15-25 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Crossley KB. 2002. Methylene Blue--a therapeutic dye for all seasons? J Chemother, 14 :431-443 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2002. The emerging chemistry of blood product disinfection. Chem Soc Rev, 31 :128-136 >Link

Wainwright M. 2002. Pathogen inactivation in blood products. Curr Med Chem, 9 :127-143 >Link

Wainwright M. 2001. An Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry Chemistry & Industry,

Wainwright M. 2001. Photoantivirals in blood disinfection Trends in Photochemistry and Photobiology, 8 :97-106

Wainwright M. 2001. Pathogen photoinactivation in blood products Transfusion Medicine, :48-48

Wainwright M, Phoenix DA, Smillie TE, Wareing DRA. 2001. Photokilling of Yersinia enterocolitica Transfusion Medicine, 11 :48-49

Wainwright M. 2001. Are acridines still obsolete? Society for Applied Microbiology Newsletter, :15-16

Wainwright M. 2001. Photobactericides - "lightening" the antibiotic load? Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics Newsletter, 19 :1-5

Wainwright M. 2001. Acridines - is it time for another look? Antibiotics & Chemotherapy, 5 :6-7

Wainwright M, Wilson M. 2001. Showing bugs the red light CHEMISTRY & INDUSTRY, :112-115 >Link

Selvasekar CR, Birbeck N, Mcmillan T, Wainwright M, Walker SJ. 2001. Review article: photodynamic therapy and the alimentary tract ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS, 15 :899-915 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Phoenix DA, Smillie TE, Wareing DR. 2001. Phenothiaziniums as putative photobactericidal agents for red blood cell concentrates. J Chemother, 13 :503-509 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 2001. Acridine-a neglected antibacterial chromophore. J Antimicrob Chemother, 47 :1-13 >Link

Wainwright M. 2000. Phenothiazinium dyes - giving bugs the blues? Spanish Journal of Chemotherapy, 13 :127-128

Clayton SE, Guinot SGR, Hepworth JD, Wainwright M. 2000. Extended conjugation in di- and tri-arylmethane dyes. Part 4. Steric and electronic effects in analogues of Malachite Green containing a 2H-1-benzopyran unit JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-PERKIN TRANSACTIONS 2, :263-269 >DOI >Link

Burrow SM, Phoenix DA, Wainwright M, Waring JJ. 2000. Reduced cellular glutathione levels do not affect the cytotoxicity or photocytotoxicity of the photosensitiser Victoria Blue BO BIOLOGICHESKIE MEMBRANY, 17 :282-288 >Link

Guinot SGR, Hepworth JD, Wainwright M. 2000. Extended conjugation in di- and tri-arylmethane dyes. Part 5. Vinylogues and ethynologues of Victoria Blue DYES AND PIGMENTS, 47 :129-142 >DOI >Link

Burrow SM, Phoenix DA, Wainwright M, Waring JJ. 2000. Reduced cellular glutathione levels do not affect the cytotoxicity or photocytotoxicity of the cationic photosensitiser Victoria Blue BO. Membr Cell Biol, 14 :357-366 >Link

Wainwright M. 2000. Methylene blue derivatives--suitable photoantimicrobials for blood product disinfection? Int J Antimicrob Agents, 16 :381-394 >Link

Rice L, Wainwright M, Phoemix DA. 2000. Phenothiazine photosensitizers. III. Activity of methylene blue derivatives against pigmented melanoma cell lines. J Chemother, 12 :94-104 >DOI >Link

Guinot SGR, Hepworth JD, Wainwright M. 1999. Extended conjugation in di- and tri-arylmethane dyes. Part 3. The effects of increased planarity in Victoria Blue dyes DYES AND PIGMENTS, 40 :151-156 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Grice NJ, Pye LEC. 1999. Phenothiazine photosensitizers: part 2. 3,7-Bis(arylamino)phenothiazines DYES AND PIGMENTS, 42 :45-51 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Burrow SM, Guinot SG, Phoenix DA, Waring J. 1999. Uptake and cell-killing activities of a series of Victoria blue derivatives in a mouse mammary tumour cell line. Cytotechnology, 29 :35-43 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Phoenix DA, Gaskell M, Marshall B. 1999. Photobactericidal activity of methylene blue derivatives against vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp. J Antimicrob Chemother, 44 :823-825 >Link

Wainwright M, Phoenix DA, Burrow SM, Waring J. 1999. Cytotoxicity and adjuvant activity of cationic photosensitizers in a multidrug resistant cell line. J Chemother, 11 :61-68 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M. 1998. Analytical profiles of drug substances and excipients Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 17 :12-13

Guinot SGR, Hepworth JD, Wainwright M. 1998. Synthesis of tertiary 1-naphthylamines via the enamine DYES AND PIGMENTS, 36 :387-393 >DOI >Link

Guinot SGR, Hepworth JD, Wainwright M. 1998. The effects of cyclic terminal groups in di- and tri-arylmethane dyes. Part 2. Steric and electronic effects in derivatives of Victoria Blue JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-PERKIN TRANSACTIONS 2, :297-303 >DOI >Link

Noodt BB, Rodal GH, Wainwright M, Peng Q, Horobin R, Nesland JM, Berg K. 1998. Apoptosis induction by different pathways with methylene blue derivative and light from mitochondrial sites in V79 cells INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER, 75 :941-948 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Phoenix DA, Marland J, Wareing DR, Bolton FJ. 1998. A comparison of the bactericidal and photobactericidal activities of aminoacridines and bis(aminoacridines). Lett Appl Microbiol, 26 :404-406 >Link

Wainwright M. 1998. Photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT). J Antimicrob Chemother, 42 :13-28 >Link

Wainwright M, Phoenix DA, Laycock SL, Wareing DR, Wright PA. 1998. Photobactericidal activity of phenothiazinium dyes against methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus. FEMS Microbiol Lett, 160 :177-181 >Link

Rice L, Phoenix DA, Wainwright M, Waring JJ. 1998. Effect of increasing methylation on the ability of methylene blue to cause diaphorase-catalysed oxidation of NADH. Biochem Soc Trans, 26 :S319 >Link

Griffiths J, Schofield J, Wainwright M, Brown SB. 1997. Some observations on the synthesis of polysubstituted zinc phthalocyanine sensitisers for photodynamic therapy DYES AND PIGMENTS, 33 :65-78 >DOI >Link

Guinot SGR, Hepworth JD, Wainwright M. 1997. A convenient route to 3,6-diaminofluoren-9-ones JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH-S, :183-& >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, Phoenix DA, Rice L, Burrow SM, Waring J. 1997. Increased cytotoxicity and phototoxicity in the methylene blue series via chromophore methylation. J Photochem Photobiol B, 40 :233-239 >Link

Wainwright M, Phoenix DA, Marland J, Wareing DR, Bolton FJ. 1997. In-vitro photobactericidal activity of aminoacridines. J Antimicrob Chemother, 40 :587-589 >Link

Wainwright M, Phoenix DA, Marland J, Wareing DR, Bolton FJ. 1997. A study of photobactericidal activity in the phenothiazinium series. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol, 19 :75-80 >Link

Wainwright M, Burrow SM, Phoenix DA. 1996. Use of cationic photosensitisers in MDR Cytotechnology, 19 :289-291

Wainwright M, Phoenix DA. 1996. Photodynamic Therapy - illuminating the problems of disease. The Biologist, 42 :151-153

Wainwright M. 1996. Non-porphyrin photosensitizers in biomedicine CHEMICAL SOCIETY REVIEWS, 25 :351-+ >DOI >Link

Burrow SM, Guinot S, Wainwright M, Waring JJ, Phoenix DA. 1995. Investigations of a series of novel cationic photosensitisers and their potential use in photodynamic therapy. Biochem Soc Trans, 23 :260S >Link

PENG QA, BROWN SB, MOAN J, NESLAND JM, WAINWRIGHT M, GRIFFTHS J, DIXON B, CRUSESAWYER J, VERNON D. 1993. BIODISTRIBUTION OF A METHYLENE-BLUE DERIVATIVE IN TUMOR AND NORMAL-TISSUES OF RATS JOURNAL OF PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND PHOTOBIOLOGY B-BIOLOGY, 20 :63-71 >DOI >Link

WAINWRIGHT M, GRIFFITHS J, GUTHRIE JT, GATES AP, MURRAY DE. 1992. COPOLYMERS OF N-VINYLCARBAZOLE WITH MONOMERS CONTAINING CARBOXYLIC-ACID GROUPS OR CARBOXYLIC ANHYDRIDE GROUPS .2. PHOTOCONDUCTIVITY AND COMPOSITION JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, 44 :1187-1193 >DOI >Link

WAINWRIGHT M, GRIFFITHS J, GUTHRIE JT, GATES AP, MURRAY DE. 1992. COPOLYMERS OF N-VINYLCARBAZOLE WITH MONOMERS CONTAINING CARBOXYLIC-ACID GROUPS OR CARBOXYLIC ANHYDRIDE GROUPS .1. JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, 44 :1179-1186 >DOI >Link

Wainwright M, O'Kane C, Rawthore S. Phenothiazinium photosensitisers XI. Improved toluidine blue photoantimicrobials. JOURNAL OF PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND PHOTOBIOLOGY B-BIOLOGY, >DOI

Wainwright M. Tricyclic cationic chromophores as models for new photoantimicrobials Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society,

Conference publication

Sanin R, Riby P, Wainwright M, Moore S. 2016. The determination of iron and manganese species in drinking water by LC-ICPMS Biennial Atomic Spectroscopy Symposium 2016

Wainwright M, Crossley KB. 2004. Photosensitising agents - circumventing resistance and breaking down biofilms: a review INTERNATIONAL BIODETERIORATION & BIODEGRADATION, IBBS/IBRG Joint Meeting on management and Control of Microorganisms 53 :119-126 >DOI >Link

BURROW SM, GUINOT S, WAINWRIGHT M, WARING JJ, PHOENIX DA. 1995. INVESTIGATIONS OF A SERIES OF NOVEL CATIONIC PHOTOSENSITIZERS AND THEIR POTENTIAL USE IN PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY BIOCHEMICAL SOCIETY TRANSACTIONS, 653rd Meeting of the Biochemical-Society-of-London 23 :S260-S260 >DOI >Link

Riby P, Salmon P, Roberts M, Brandt S, Wainwright M. Trace Metal Analysis in Pharmaceutical Formulations Biennial National Atomic Spectroscopy/Trace Spec Meeting

Shafaei Arvajeh M, Riby P, Sanin R, Moore S, Wainwright M. Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES) in the analysis of manganese and iron in discoloured water Biennal National Atomic Spectroscopy Symposium/Trace Spec

Wainwright M. Photoantimicrobials – the way forward. (Invited lecture) Recent Developments in Wound Management

Wainwright M, Riby P, McGill H. Microwave-assisted synthesis of acridine antibacterials 5th International Microwaves in Chemistry Conference

Wainwright M, Riby P. Photosensitiser production via microwave synthesis 5th International Microwaves in Chemistry Conference

Wainwright M. Dyes can be drugs too (invited lecture) Annual Meeting of the Society of Dyers & Colourists

Wainwright M. Chromophore methylation increases the photoantimicrobial efficacy of azure derivatives British Medical Laser Association, Spring meeting

Wainwright M. Photoantimicrobials from plants (invited lecture) DEFRA Conference

Wainwright M. Photosensitising agents – circumventing resistance and breaking down biofilms Management and Control of Microorganisms

Wainwright M, Brown SB, Griffiths J, Bell A, Roberts DJH, Schofield J. Aminoacid substituted zinc phthalocyanines for PDT Yorkshire Cancer Research Campaign Annual Conference

Wainwright M. Pathogen photoinactivation in blood products BBTS/NVB Annual Scientific Meeting

Wainwright M, Phoenix DA, Wareing DRA, Smillie TE. Photokilling of Yersinia enterocolitica BBTS/NVB Annual Scientific Meeting

Wainwright M, Matchett AA, Nickson PB, Percival SL. Control of biofilms by photoinactivation of exogenous phenothiaziniums 5th Biofilm Community Interactions: Chance or Necessity?

Wainwright M, Matchett AA, Percival SL. Control of biofilm formation by photoinactivation of surface-bound phenothiaziniums Society for General Microbiology 148th Ordinary Meeting

Wainwright M. Photoantimicrobial agents in blood product disinfection (Pathogen Inactivation Technology) Society for General Microbiology 148th Ordinary Meeting

Wainwright M, Phoenix DA, Waring DRA. Activity of photobactericidal agents against drug resistant bacteria Society for General Microbiology 148th Ordinary Meeting

Wainwright M, Aubry JM, DeWilde A. Measurement of the quantum yield of singlet oxygen formation from methylene blue derivatives in D2O and CD3OD Third Annual user Meeting of the Paterson Institute for Cancer Research

Wainwright M. Photobactericidal agents - an option against drug-resistant bacteria 21st International Congress of Chemotherapy

Wainwright M. Photobactericidal activity of phenothiazinium dyes against methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus British Burns Association, 31st Annual Meeting

Wainwright M. Effect of methylation on the toluidine blue series Colour Science ’98

Wainwright M. Increased bactericidal effects of aminoacridines following photoactivation Colour Science ’98

Wainwright M. Structure-activity relationships in biomedical photosensitisers Colour Science ’98

Wainwright M. Structure-activity relationships in biomedical photosensitisers Colour Science ’98

Wainwright M, Phoenix DA. Development of broad spectrum photoactivable antibacterials 135th Ordinary Meeting of the Society for General Microbiology

Wainwright M, Burrow SM, Phoenix DA. The effect of methylation on the photocytotoxicity of phenothiazine dyes 12th International Congress on Photobiology (ICP ’96)

Wainwright M. The phototoxicity of Victoria blue BO in MDR EMT6 cells is independent of glutathione levels 12th International Congress on Photobiology (ICP ’96)

Wainwright M. Increased bactericidal effects of cationic tricyclics following photoactivation 2nd International Symposium on Recent Advances in the Chemistry of Anti-Infective Agents

Wainwright M, Burrow SM. The use of cationic non-porphyrin photosensitisers against a multi-drug resistant tumour cell line 6th Congress of the European Society for Photobiology

Wainwright M, Phoenix DA, Burrow SM. On the use of cationic triarylmethanes to probe photosensitiser action in an MDR cell line 9th International Conference on Chemical Modifiers of Cancer Treatment

Wainwright M. Photoantimicrobials in infection control CIFARP

Wainwright M. Photoantimicrobial Chemotherapy (PACT) (invited lecture) Annual Meeting of the American Society for Photobiology

Wainwright M. Photoantimicrobials - the way forward European Society for Photobiology Congress

Wainwright M. The use of dyes in modern biomedicine Biological Stains Commission

Wainwright M, Brown SB, Griffiths J, Bell A, Roberts DJH, Schofield J. Photodynamic properties of a series of aminoacid-substituted zinc phthalocyanines 2nd International Congress on Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines

Wainwright M. Phenothiazinium dyes - giving bugs the blues? 3rd European Congress of Chemotherapy

Chapters

Wainwright M. 2011. Phenothiazinium salts as antimicrobial photosensitising agents Hamblin MR, Jori G. Photodynamic Inactivation of Microbial Pathogens Royal Society of Chemistry 9781849731447

Wainwright M. 2011. Dyes for the medical industry Clark M. Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing: Applications of Dyes 2 Woodhead Publishing Ltd 978-1845696962

Wainwright M. 2002. Conn's biological stains Horobin RW, Kiernan JA, Conn HJ. Conn's biological stains BIOS Scientific Publ 9781859960998

Wainwright M. 2002. Conn's biological stains Horobin RW, Kiernan JA, Conn HJ. Conn's biological stains BIOS Scientific Publ 9781859960998

Wainwright M. 2000. The development of clinically useful phenothiazine photosensitisers Pandalai SG. Recent Research Developments in Photochemistry and Photobiology 4 :107-119

Wainwright M, Rice L, Phoenix DA, Waring JJ. 1999. Investigation of methylated derivatives of toluidine blue O as a photosensitiser for PDT Colour Science ‘98. Dye & Pigment Chemistry 2 :327-330 University of Leeds

Wainwright M, Grice N, Marland J, Phoenix DA, Wareing DRA, Bolton FJ. 1999. Increased bactericidal effects of aminoacridines following photoactivation Griffiths J, Towns AD. Colour Science ‘98. Dye & Pigment Chemistry 2 :323-326 University of Leeds

Wainwright M. 1999. Structure-activity relationships in biomedical photosensitisers Griffiths J, Towns AD. Colour Science ‘98. Dye & Pigment Chemistry 2 :275-288 University of Leeds

Wainwright M, Hepworth JD. 1994. Supplements to the 2nd edition (editor S. Coffey) of Rodd's chemistry of carbon compounds Rodd EH, Ansell MF. Supplements to the 2nd edition (editor S. Coffey) of Rodd's chemistry of carbon compounds :93-257 9780444899323

Wainwright M, Cruse-Sawyer J, Dixon B, Dawson L, Griffiths J. 1992. Photodynamic therapy and biomedical lasers Spinelli P, Fante MD, Marchesini R. Photodynamic therapy and biomedical lasers :806-811 Elsevier 9780444814302

Wainwright M. Antimicrobial Dyes McDonnell G, Hansen J. Block's Disinfection, Sterilization, and Preservation Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

Wainwright M. Photodynamic Therapy Encyclopaedia of Color Science and Technology Springer

Patent

Wainwright M. 2010. Compounds and methods relating thereto

Wainwright M. 2009. Ring-fused derivatives of 3,7-diamino- phenothiazinium & phenoselenazinium salts for use as antimicrobial agents

Wainwright M. 2002. Phenothiazinium derivatives and their use to reduce pathogenic contaminants

Wainwright M. Compounds and methods relating thereto

Book

Wainwright M. 2009. Photosensitisers in Biomedicine Wiley-Blackwell 9780470510605

Engagement & Impact

Editorial boards:

Dyes & Pigments, Editor

Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy, Member

Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology B, Biology, Member

Biotechnic & Histochemistry, Member

Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences, Associate Editor

Fellowships:

FSDC, Society of Dyers & Colourists

FRSC, Royal Society of Chemistry

Membership of professional bodies:

Member, British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Member, European Society for Photobiology

Research Grants Awarded:

Ondine Biomedical Inc., Development of novel synthesis and purification methods for methylene blue, Grant value (£): 132,000, Duration of research project: 12 months