Liverpool Skylilne

Sport and Exercise Sciences

Prof Jeffery Summers

Prof Jeffery Summers

Publications

Highlighted publications

Ward DD, Summers MJ, Saunders NL, Ritchie K, Summers JJ, Vickers JC. 2015. The BDNF Val66Met polymorphism moderates the relationship between cognitive reserve and executive function TRANSLATIONAL PSYCHIATRY, 5 >DOI >Link

Fujiyama H, Hinder MR, Schmidt MW, Tandonnet C, Garry MI, Summers JJ. 2012. Age-related differences in corticomotor excitability and inhibitory processes during a visuomotor RT task. J Cogn Neurosci, 24 :1253-1263 >DOI >Link

Fujiyama H, Hinder MR, Schmidt MW, Garry MI, Summers JJ. 2012. Age-related differences in corticospinal excitability and inhibition during coordination of upper and lower limbs. Neurobiol Aging, 33 :1484.e1-1484.14 >DOI >Link

Hinder MR, Schmidt MW, Garry MI, Carroll TJ, Summers JJ. 2011. Absence of cross-limb transfer of performance gains following ballistic motor practice in older adults. J Appl Physiol (1985), 110 :166-175 >DOI >Link

Tandonnet C, Garry MI, Summers JJ. 2010. Cortical activation during temporal preparation assessed by transcranial magnetic stimulation BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 85 :481-486 >DOI >Link

Hiraga CY, Garry MI, Carson RG, Summers JJ. 2009. Dual-task interference: Attentional and neurophysiological influences Behavioural Brain Research, 205 :10-18 >DOI

Journal article

Tang AD, Bennett W, Hadrill C, Collins J, Fulopova B, Wills K, Bindoff A, Puri R, Garry MI, Hinder MR, Summers JJ, Rodger J, Canty AJ. 2018. Low intensity repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation modulates skilled motor learning in adult mice. Sci Rep, 8 :4016 >DOI >Link

Thow ME, Summers MJ, Saunders NL, Summers JJ, Ritchie K, Vickers JC. 2018. Further education improves cognitive reserve and triggers improvement in selective cognitive functions in older adults: The Tasmanian Healthy Brain Project Alzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring, 10 :22-30 >DOI

Imlach A-R, Ward DD, Stuart KE, Summers MJ, Valenzuela MJ, King AE, Saunders NL, Summers J, Srikanth VK, Robinson A, Vickers JC. 2017. Age is no barrier: predictors of academic success in older learners npj Science of Learning, 2 >DOI

Krüger M, Hinder MR, Puri R, Summers JJ. 2017. Influence of Cognitive Functioning on Age-Related Performance Declines in Visuospatial Sequence Learning. Front Psychol, 8 :919-919 >DOI >Link

Thow ME, Summers MJ, Summers JJ, Saunders NL, Vickers JC. 2017. Variations in the APOE allele or BDNF Val66Met polymorphism are not associated with changes in cognitive function following a tertiary education intervention in older adults: the Tasmanian Healthy Brain Project Neurobiology of Aging, 55 :175-176 >DOI

Fujiyama H, Hinder MR, Barzideh A, Van de Vijver C, Badache AC, Manrique-C MN, Reissig P, Zhang X, Levin O, Summers JJ, Swinnen SP. 2017. Preconditioning tDCS facilitates subsequent tDCS effect on skill acquisition in older adults Neurobiology of Aging, 51 :31-42 >DOI

Summers MJ, Thow ME, Ward DD, Saunders NL, Klekociuk SZ, Imlach A-R, Summers JJ, Vickers JC. 2017. Validation of a Dynamic Measure of Current Cognitive Reserve in a Longitudinally Assessed Sample of Healthy Older Adults. Assessment, :1073191116685806-1073191116685806 >DOI >Link

Tang AD, Lowe AS, Garrett AR, Woodward R, Bennett W, Canty AJ, Garry MI, Hinder MR, Summers JJ, Gersner R, Rotenberg A, Thickbroom G, Walton J, Rodger J. 2016. Construction and Evaluation of Rodent-Specific rTMS Coils FRONTIERS IN NEURAL CIRCUITS, 10 >DOI >Link

Puri R, Hinder MR, Canty AJ, Summers JJ. 2016. Facilitatory non-invasive brain stimulation in older adults: the effect of stimulation type and duration on the induction of motor cortex plasticity Experimental Brain Research, :1-13 >DOI

Kang N, Summers JJ, Cauraugh JH. 2016. Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation Improves Paretic Limb Force Production: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis BRAIN STIMULATION, 9 :662-670 >DOI >Link

Lenehan ME, Summers MJ, Saunders NL, Summers JJ, Ward DD, Ritchie K, Vickers JC. 2016. Sending Your Grandparents to University Increases Cognitive Reserve: The Tasmanian Healthy Brain Project. Neuropsychology, 30 :525-531 >DOI

Stöckel T, Carroll TJ, Summers JJ, Hinder MR. 2016. Motor learning and cross-limb transfer rely upon distinct neural adaptation processes. Journal of neurophysiology, :jn.00225.2016-jn.00225.2016

Mehrkanoon S, Boonstra TW, Breakspear M, Hinder M, Summers JJ. 2016. Upregulation of cortico-cerebellar functional connectivity after motor learning NEUROIMAGE, 128 :252-263 >DOI >Link

Summers JJ, Kang N, Cauraugh JH. 2016. Does transcranial direct current stimulation enhance cognitive and motor functions in the ageing brain? A systematic review and meta- analysis Ageing Research Reviews, 25 :42-54 >DOI

Kang N, Summers JJ, Cauraugh JH. 2016. Transcranial direct current stimulation facilitates motor learning post-stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY, 87 :345-355 >DOI >Link

Lenehan ME, Summers MJ, Saunders NL, Summers JJ, Vickers JC. 2016. Does the Cambridge Automated Neuropsychological Test Battery (CANTAB) Distinguish Between Cognitive Domains in Healthy Older Adults? ASSESSMENT, 23 :163-172 >DOI >Link

Summers MJ, Lenehan M, Saunders N, Summers J, Vickers J. 2015. Examining the potential mediating influence of the apolipoprotein E4 allele on late life education improvement in cognitive function: The Tasmanian Healthy Brain Project (THBP) INTERNATIONAL PSYCHOGERIATRICS, 27 :S104-S105 >Link

Saunders N, Lenehan M, Summers M, Summers J, Vickers J. 2015. Increasing cognitive reserve in older adults attending university enhances language capacity, but not executive function, episodic memory, or working memory: The Tasmanian Healthy Brain Project INTERNATIONAL PSYCHOGERIATRICS, 27 :S55-S55 >Link

Ward D, Summers M, Saunders N, Valenzuela M, Summers J, Ritchie K. 2015. Social engagement is more important for memory function in older than middle aged adults INTERNATIONAL PSYCHOGERIATRICS, 27 :S55-S56 >Link

Reissig P, Stoeckel T, Garry MI, Summers JJ, Hinder MR. 2015. Age-Specific Effects of Mirror-Muscle Activity on Cross-Limb Adaptations Under Mirror and Non-Mirror Visual Feedback Conditions FRONTIERS IN AGING NEUROSCIENCE, 7 >DOI >Link

Reissig P, Puri R, Garry MI, Summers JJ, Hinder MR. 2015. The Influence of Mirror-Visual Feedback on Training-Induced Motor Performance Gains in the Untrained Hand PLOS ONE, 10 >DOI >Link

Stoeckel T, Summers JJ, Hinder MR. 2015. Reversed Effects of Intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation following Motor Training That Vary as a Function of Training-Induced Changes in Corticospinal Excitability NEURAL PLASTICITY, >DOI >Link

Ward DD, Summers MJ, Saunders NL, Ritchie K, Summers JJ, Vickers JC. 2015. The BDNF Val66Met polymorphism moderates the relationship between cognitive reserve and executive function TRANSLATIONAL PSYCHIATRY, 5 >DOI >Link

Puri R, Hinder MR, Fujiyama H, Gomez R, Carson RG, Summers JJ. 2015. Duration-dependent effects of the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism on anodal tDCS induced motor cortex plasticity in older adults: a group and individual perspective FRONTIERS IN AGING NEUROSCIENCE, 7 >DOI >Link

Lenehan ME, Summers MJ, Saunders NL, Summers JJ, Vickers JC. 2015. Relationship between education and age-related cognitive decline: a review of recent research PSYCHOGERIATRICS, 15 :154-162 >DOI >Link

Gomez R, Summers M, Summers A, Wolf A, Summers JJ. 2014. Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21: Factor Structure and Test-Retest Invariance, and Temporal Stability and Uniqueness of Latent Factors in Older Adults JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT, 36 :308-317 >DOI >Link

Fujiyama H, Hyde J, Hinder MR, Kim S-J, McCormack GH, Vickers JC, Summers JJ. 2014. Delayed plastic responses to anodal tDCS in older adults FRONTIERS IN AGING NEUROSCIENCE, 6 >DOI >Link

Hinder MR, Goss EL, Fujiyama H, Canty AJ, Garry MI, Rodger J, Summers JJ. 2014. Inter- and Intra-individual Variability Following Intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation: Implications for Rehabilitation and Recovery BRAIN STIMULATION, 7 :365-371 >DOI >Link

Klekociuk SZ, Summers JJ, Vickers JC, Summers MJ. 2014. Reducing false positive diagnoses in mild cognitive impairment: the importance of comprehensive neuropsychological assessment EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, 21 :1330-+ >DOI >Link

Reissig P, Garry MI, Summers JJ, Hinder MR. 2014. Visual feedback-related changes in ipsilateral cortical excitability during unimanual movement: Implications for mirror therapy NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL REHABILITATION, 24 :936-957 >DOI >Link

Gomez R, Summers M, Summers A, Wolf A, Summers JJ. 2014. Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21: Factor structure and test-retest invariance, and temporal stability and uniqueness of latent factors in older adults. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 36 :308-317 >DOI

Levin O, Fujiyama H, Boisgontier MP, Swinnen SP, Summers JJ. 2014. Aging and motor inhibition: A converging perspective provided by brain stimulation and imaging approaches NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS, 43 :100-117 >DOI >Link

Hinder MR, Goss EL, Fujiyama H, Canty AJ, Garry MI, Rodger J, Summers JJ. 2014. Inter- and intra-individual variability following intermittent theta-burst stimulation: Implications for rehabilitation and recovery Brain Stimulation, 7 :365-371 >DOI

Gomez R, Summers M, Summers A, Wolf A, Summers JJ. 2014. Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21: Measurement and structural invariance across ratings of men and women Summers JJ. Assessment,

Fujiyama H, Hinder MR, Summers JJ. 2013. Functional role of left PMd and left M1 during preparation and execution of left hand movements in older adults. J Neurophysiol, 110 :1062-1069 >DOI >Link

Hinder MR, Carroll TJ, Summers JJ. 2013. Inter-limb transfer of ballistic motor skill following non-dominant limb training in young and older adults EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH, 227 :19-29 >DOI >Link

Hinder MR, Carroll TJ, Summers JJ. 2013. Transfer of ballistic motor skill between bilateral and unilateral contexts in young and older adults: neural adaptations and behavioral implications. J Neurophysiol, 109 :2963-2971 >DOI >Link

Fujiyama H, Hinder MR, Garry MI, Summers JJ. 2013. Slow and steady is not as easy as it sounds: interlimb coordination at slow speed is associated with elevated attentional demand especially in older adults. Exp Brain Res, 227 :289-300 >DOI >Link

Summers MJ, Saunders NLJ, Valenzuela MJ, Summers JJ, Ritchie K, Robinson A, Vickers JC. 2013. The Tasmanian Healthy Brain Project (THBP): a prospective longitudinal examination of the effect of university-level education in older adults in preventing age-related cognitive decline and reducing the risk of dementia INTERNATIONAL PSYCHOGERIATRICS, 25 :1145-1155 >DOI >Link

Tandonnet C, Garry MI, Summers JJ. 2013. Decision making and action implementation: Evidence for an early visually triggered motor activation specific to potential actions PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, 50 :701-710 >DOI >Link

Fujiyama H, Hinder MR, Schmidt MW, Tandonnet C, Garry MI, Summers JJ. 2012. Age-related differences in corticomotor excitability and inhibitory processes during a visuomotor RT task. J Cogn Neurosci, 24 :1253-1263 >DOI >Link

Fujiyama H, Hinder MR, Schmidt MW, Garry MI, Summers JJ. 2012. Age-related differences in corticospinal excitability and inhibition during coordination of upper and lower limbs. Neurobiol Aging, 33 :1484.e1-1484.14 >DOI >Link

Hinder MR, Fujiyama H, Summers JJ. 2012. Premotor-motor interhemispheric inhibition is released during movement initiation in older but not young adults. PLoS One, 7 :e52573 >DOI >Link

Hinder MR, Schmidt MW, Garry MI, Carroll TJ, Summers JJ. 2011. Absence of cross-limb transfer of performance gains following ballistic motor practice in older adults. J Appl Physiol (1985), 110 :166-175 >DOI >Link

Cauraugh JH, Lodha N, Naik SK, Summers JJ. 2011. Commentary reply to Pollock et al. (2011): Meta-analysis issues on bilateral movement training and stroke motor recovery progress Human Movement Science, 30 :147-149 >DOI

Tandonnet C, Garry MI, Summers JJ. 2011. Selective suppression of the incorrect response implementation in choice behavior assessed by transcranial magnetic stimulation. Psychophysiology, 48 :462-469 >DOI >Link

Summers MJ, Summers JJ, White TF, Hannan GJ. 2011. The effect of occupational exposure to manganese dust and fume on neuropsychological functioning in Australian smelter workers. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol, 33 :692-703 >DOI >Link

Schmidt MW, Hinder MR, Summers JJ, Garry MI. 2011. Long-lasting contralateral motor cortex excitability is increased by unilateral hand movement that triggers electrical stimulation of opposite homologous muscles. Neurorehabil Neural Repair, 25 :521-530 >DOI >Link

Fujiyama H, Tandonnet C, Summers JJ. 2011. Age-related differences in corticospinal excitability during a Go/NoGo task PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, 48 :1448-1455 >DOI >Link

Cauraugh JH, Naik SK, Lodha N, Coombes SA, Summers JJ. 2011. Long-term rehabilitation for chronic stroke arm movements: a randomized controlled trial CLINICAL REHABILITATION, 25 :1086-1096 >DOI >Link

Hinder MR, Schmidt MW, Garry MI, Summers JJ. 2010. The effect of ballistic thumb contractions on the excitability of the ipsilateral motor cortex. Exp Brain Res, 201 :229-238 >DOI >Link

Rein R, Button C, Davids K, Summers J. 2010. Cluster analysis of movement patterns in multiarticular actions: A tutorial Motor Control, 14 :211-239 >DOI

Fujiyama H, Garry MI, Martin FH, Summers JJ. 2010. An ERP study of age-related differences in the central cost of interlimb coordination PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, 47 :501-511 >DOI >Link

Hinder MR, Schmidt MW, Garry MI, Summers JJ. 2010. Unilateral contractions modulate interhemispheric inhibition most strongly and most adaptively in the homologous muscle of the contralateral limb. Exp Brain Res, 205 :423-433 >DOI >Link

Smyth C, Summers JJ, Garry MI. 2010. Differences in motor learning success are associated with differences in M1 excitability. Hum Mov Sci, 29 :618-630 >DOI >Link

Tandonnet C, Garry MI, Summers JJ. 2010. Cortical activation during temporal preparation assessed by transcranial magnetic stimulation BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 85 :481-486 >DOI >Link

Hiraga CY, Garry MI, Carson RG, Summers JJ. 2009. Dual-task interference: Attentional and neurophysiological influences Behavioural Brain Research, 205 :10-18 >DOI

Cauraugh JH, Coombes SA, Lodha N, Naik SK, Summers JJ. 2009. Upper extremity improvements in chronic stroke: Coupled bilateral load training Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, 27 :17-25 >DOI

Carlsen AN, Chua R, Summers JJ, Inglis JT, Sanderson DJ, Franks IM. 2009. Precues enable multiple response preprogramming: Evidence from startle Psychophysiology, 46 :241-251 >DOI

Fujiyama H, Garry MI, Levin O, Swinnen SP, Summers JJ. 2009. Age-related differences in inhibitory processes during interlimb coordination. Brain Res, 1262 :38-47 >DOI >Link

Cauraugh JH, Summers JJ. 2009. Effects of Forced Use on Arm Function in the Subacute Phase After Stroke: A Randomized, Clinical Pilot Study Invited Commentary PHYSICAL THERAPY, 89 :539-541 >DOI >Link

Matthews AJ, Martin FH, Garry M, Summers JJ. 2009. The behavioural and electrophysiological effects of visual task difficulty and bimanual coordination mode during dual-task performance. Exp Brain Res, 198 :477-487 >DOI >Link

Summers JJ, Anson JG. 2009. Current status of the motor program: revisited. Hum Mov Sci, 28 :566-577 >DOI >Link

Coombes SA, Tandonnet C, Fujiyama H, Janelle CM, Cauraugh JH, Summers JJ. 2009. Emotion and motor preparation: A transcranial magnetic stimulation study of corticospinal motor tract excitability COGNITIVE AFFECTIVE & BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE, 9 :380-388 >DOI >Link

Thomson RHS, Garry MI, Summers JJ. 2008. Attentional influences on short-interval intracortical inhibition. Clin Neurophysiol, 119 :52-62 >DOI >Link

Cauraugh JH, Kim SB, Summers JJ. 2008. Chronic stroke longitudinal motor improvements: Cumulative learning evidence found in the upper extremity Cerebrovascular Diseases, 25 :115-121 >DOI

Summers JJ, Maeder S, Hiraga CY, Alexander JRM. 2008. Coordination dynamics and attentional costs of continuous and discontinuous bimanual circle drawing movements. Hum Mov Sci, 27 :823-837 >DOI >Link

Summers JJ, Kagerer FA, Garry MI, Hiraga CY, Loftus A, Cauraugh JH. 2007. Bilateral and unilateral movement training on upper limb function in chronic stroke patients: A TMS study. J Neurol Sci, 252 :76-82 >DOI >Link

Temprado JJ, Salesse R, Summers JJ. 2007. Neuromuscular and spatial constraints on bimanual hand-held pendulum oscillations: Dissociation or combination? Human Movement Science, 26 :235-246 >DOI

Cauraugh J, Coombes SA, Summers JJ. 2007. Stroke motor recovery evidence: Bilateral coordination training with an extra load on the unimpaired hand JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 29 :S60-S60 >Link

Summers JJ, Garry MI, Dicker W, Cauraugh JH. 2007. Effects of EMG-triggered neuromuscular stimulation on motor function and cortical excitability in chronic stroke JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 29 :S134-S134 >Link

Stewart KC, Cauraugh JH, Summers JJ. 2006. Bilateral movement training and stroke rehabilitation: A systematic review and meta-analysis JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES, 244 :89-95 >DOI >Link

Matthews A, Garry MI, Martin F, Summers J. 2006. Neural correlates of performance trade-offs and dual-task interference in bimanual coordination: an ERP investigation. Neurosci Lett, 400 :172-176 >DOI >Link

Thomson R, Garry MI, Summers JJ. 2006. The influence of attention on intracortical inhibition JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 28 :S183-S183 >Link

Wenderoth N, Vandebroek A, Vangheluwe S, Byblow WD, Stinear C, Summers JJ, Swinnen SS. 2006. Patting the head while rubbing the stomach: Neural mechanisms controlling the dissociation of left and right hand actions JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 28 :S18-S18 >Link

Cauraugh JH, Kim SB, Summers JJ. 2006. Long-term cumulative motor improvements in chronic stroke JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 28 :S45-S45 >Link

Summers JJ. 2006. Keele (1968): "Movement control in skilled motor performance" - The motor program concept: how has it fared? JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 28 :S13-S13 >Link

Zelaznik HN, Summers JJ, Elliott D, Ivry RB, Rosenbaum DA. 2006. Information processing in motor control: The legacy of Steve Keele JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 28 :S13-S13 >Link

Johnson S, Summers J, Pridmore S. 2006. Changes to somatosensory detection and pain thresholds following high frequency repetitive TMS of the motor cortex in individuals suffering from chronic pain. Pain, 123 :187-192 >DOI >Link

Meesen RLJ, Wenderoth N, Temprado JJ, Summers JJ, Swinnen SP. 2006. The coalition of constraints during coordination of the ipsilateral and heterolateral limbs EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH, 174 :367-375 >DOI >Link

Cauraugh JH, Summers JJ. 2005. Neural plasticity and bilateral movements: A rehabilitation approach for chronic stroke Progress in Neurobiology, 75 :309-320 >DOI

Garry MI, Loftus A, Summers JJ. 2005. Mirror, mirror on the wall: viewing a mirror reflection of unilateral hand movements facilitates ipsilateral M1 excitability. Exp Brain Res, 163 :118-122 >DOI >Link

Hiraga CY, Garry MI, Summers JJ, Carson RG. 2005. Neural correlates of dual-task performance JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 27 :S76-S76 >Link

Carlsen AN, Chua R, Summers JJ, Inglis JT, Sanderson DJ, Franks IM. 2005. Do precues enable partial response preparation? JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 27 :S44-S45 >Link

Garry MI, van Steenis RE, Summers JJ. 2005. Interlimb coordination following stroke. Hum Mov Sci, 24 :849-864 >DOI >Link

Riddoch S, Summers J. 2004. Work-related neck and shoulder pain AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 56 :51-51 >Link

Summers J, Cayoun B, Elder S, Fujiyama H, Hiraga C. 2004. A dissociation between pattern stability and central cost of interlimb coordination JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 26 :S183-S184 >Link

Summers J, Johnson S, Pridmore S, Oberoi G. 2004. Changes to cold detection and pain thresholds following low and high frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex. Neurosci Lett, 368 :197-200 >DOI >Link

Hiraga CY, Summers JJ, Temprado JJ. 2004. Attentional costs of coordinating homologous and non-homologous limbs. Hum Mov Sci, 23 :415-430 >DOI >Link

Summers J. 2004. The cognitivist's revenge? JOURNAL OF MOTOR BEHAVIOR, 36 :392-394 >Link

Kagerer FA, Summers JJ, Semjen A. 2003. Instabilities during antiphase bimanual movements: are ipsilateral pathways involved? Exp Brain Res, 151 :489-500 >DOI >Link

Kagerer FA, Summers JJ, Byblow WD, Taylor B. 2003. Altered corticomotor representation in patients with Parkinson's disease MOVEMENT DISORDERS, 18 :919-927 >DOI >Link

Semjen A, Summers JJ. 2002. Timing goals in bimanual coordination Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A: Human Experimental Psychology, 55 :155-171 >DOI

Byblow WD, Summers JJ, Lewis GN, Thomas J. 2002. Bimanual coordination in Parkinson's disease: Deficits in movement frequency, amplitude, and pattern switching Movement Disorders, 17 :20-29 >DOI

Summers J. 2002. Practice and training in bimanual coordination tasks: Strategies and constraints BRAIN AND COGNITION, 48 :166-178 >DOI >Link

Summers JJ, Davis AS, Byblow WD. 2002. The acquisition of bimanual coordination is mediated by anisotropic coupling between the hands. Hum Mov Sci, 21 :699-721 >Link

Cayoun BA, Tayler MA, Summers JJ. 2001. The role of attention in stabilising interlimb co-ordination dynamics AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 53 :143-143 >Link

Armatas CA, Summers JJ. 2001. The influence of task characteristics on the intermanual asymmetry of motor overflow JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, 23 :557-567 >DOI >Link

Summers JJ, Wilson SA, Byblow WD, McKay D, Kagerer F. 2000. The application of transcranial magnetic stimulation to the study of bimanual coordination dynamics JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 22 :S7-S7 >Link

Byblow WD, Summers JJ, Thomas J. 2000. Spontaneous and intentional dynamics of bimanual coordination in Parkinson's disease Human Movement Science, 19 :223-249 >DOI

Cattaert D, Semjen A, Summers JJ. 1999. Simulating a neural cross-talk model for between-hand interference during bimanual circle drawing Biological Cybernetics, 81 :343-358 >DOI

Carson RG, Riek S, Byblow WD, Abernethy B, Summers JJ. 1999. The timing of intralimb coordination JOURNAL OF MOTOR BEHAVIOR, 31 :113-118 >Link

Fawkner HJ, McMurrary NE, Summers JJ. 1999. Athletic injury and minor life events: A prospective study Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2 :117-124 >DOI

Byblow WD, Summers JJ, Semjen A, Wuyts IJ, Carson RG. 1999. Spontaneous and intentional pattern switching in a multisegmental bimanual coordination task MOTOR CONTROL, 3 :372-393 >Link

Morris M, Iansek R, Matyas T, Summers J. 1998. Abnormalities in the stride length-cadence relation in parkinsonian gait Movement Disorders, 13 :61-69 >DOI

Summers JJ, Byblow WD, Bysouth-Young DF, Semjen A. 1998. Bimanual circle drawing during secondary task loading. Motor Control, 2 :106-113 >Link

Carson RG, Thomas J, Summers JJ, Walters MR, Semjen A. 1997. The dynamics of bimanual circle drawing. Q J Exp Psychol A, 50 :664-683 >DOI >Link

Carson RG, Thomas J, Summers JJ, Walters MR, Semjen A. 1997. The dynamics of bimanual circle drawing QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY SECTION A-HUMAN EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, 50 :664-683 >DOI >Link

Tenenbaum G, Summers J. 1997. Perception-action relationships in strategic-type settings: Covert and overt processes JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 15 :559-572 >DOI >Link

Summers JJ, Thomas J. 1996. When are adaptive motor patterns nonadaptive? BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES, 19 :87-& >Link

Morris ME, Iansek R, Matyas TA, Summers JJ. 1996. Stride length regulation in Parkinson's disease normalization strategies and underlying mechanisms BRAIN, 119 :551-568 >DOI >Link

Morris ME, Matyas TA, Iansek R, Summers JJ. 1996. Temporal stability of gait in Parkinson's disease PHYSICAL THERAPY, 76 :763-777 >Link

Carson RG, Byblow WD, Abernethy B, Summers JJ. 1996. The contribution of inherent and incidental constraints to intentional switching between patterns of bimanual coordination HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCE, 15 :565-589 >DOI >Link

Pressing J, Summers J, Magill J. 1996. Cognitive multiplicity in polyrhythmic pattern performance JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE, 22 :1127-1148 >Link

Armatas CA, Summers JJ, Bradshaw JL. 1996. Handedness and performance variability as factors influencing mirror movement occurrence JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, 18 :823-835 >DOI >Link

Wuyts IJ, Summers JJ, Carson RG, Byblow WD, Semjen A. 1996. Attention as a mediating variable in the dynamics of bimanual coordination HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCE, 15 :877-897 >DOI >Link

Madden CC, Kirkby RJ, McDonald D, Summers JJ, Brown DF, King NJ. 1995. Stressful Situations in Competitive Basketball Australian Psychologist, 30 :119-124 >DOI

Summers JJ, Semjen A, Carson RG, Thomas J. 1995. Going around in circles: The dynamics of bimanual circling Advances in Psychology, 111 :231-253 >DOI

Morris ME, Iansek R, Summers JJ, Matyas TA. 1995. Chapter 4 Motor control considerations for the rehabilitation of gait in parkinson's disease Advances in Psychology, 111 :61-93 >DOI

MORRIS ME, MATYAS TA, SUMMERS JJ, IANSEK R. 1995. IN SEARCH OF THE GRAIL PHYSICAL THERAPY, 75 :769-770 >Link

SEMJEN A, SUMMERS JJ, CATTAERT D. 1995. HAND COORDINATION IN BIMANUAL CIRCLE DRAWING JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE, 21 :1139-1157 >DOI >Link

ARMATAS CA, SUMMERS JJ, BRADSHAW JL. 1994. MIRROR MOVEMENTS IN NORMAL ADULT SUBJECTS JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, 16 :405-413 >DOI >Link

MORRIS ME, SUMMERS JJ, MATYAS TA, IANSEK R. 1994. CURRENT STATUS OF THE MOTOR PROGRAM - REPLY PHYSICAL THERAPY, 74 :751-752 >Link

MORRIS ME, SUMMERS JJ, MATYAS TA, IANSEK R. 1994. CURRENT STATUS OF THE MOTOR PROGRAM PHYSICAL THERAPY, 74 :738-748 >Link

MORRIS ME, IANSEK R, MATYAS TA, SUMMERS JJ. 1994. THE PATHOGENESIS OF GAIT HYPOKINESIA IN PARKINSONS-DISEASE BRAIN, 117 :1169-1181 >DOI >Link

MORRIS ME, IANSEK R, MATYAS TA, SUMMERS JJ. 1994. ABILITY TO MODULATE WALKING CADENCE REMAINS INTACT IN PARKINSONS-DISEASE JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY, 57 :1532-1534 >DOI >Link

Summers JJ, Todd JA, Kim YH. 1993. The influence of perceptual and motor factors on bimanual coordination in a polyrhythmic tapping task. Psychol Res, 55 :107-115 >Link

Summers JJ, Ford SK, Todd JA. 1993. Practice effects on the coordination of the two hands in a bimanual tapping task Human Movement Science, 12 :111-133 >DOI

SUMMERS JJ, ROSENBAUM DA, BURNS BD, FORD SK. 1993. PRODUCTION OF POLYRHYTHMS JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE, 19 :416-428 >DOI >Link

Summers JJ, Rosenbaum DA, Burns BD, Ford SK. 1993. Production of Polyrhythms Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 19 :416-428 >DOI

Summers JJ. 1992. Chapter 18 Movement behaviour: A field in crisis? Advances in Psychology, 84 :551-562 >DOI

HULSTIJN W, SUMMERS JJ, VANLIESHOUT PHM, PETERS HFM. 1992. TIMING IN FINGER TAPPING AND SPEECH - A COMPARISON BETWEEN STUTTERERS AND FLUENT SPEAKERS HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCE, 11 :113-124 >DOI >Link

SUMMERS JJ, KENNEDY TM. 1992. STRATEGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OF A 5/3 POLYRHYTHM HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCE, 11 :101-112 >DOI >Link

SPARROW WA, SUMMERS JJ. 1992. PERFORMANCE ON TRIALS WITHOUT KNOWLEDGE OF RESULTS (KR) IN REDUCED RELATIVE FREQUENCY PRESENTATIONS OF KR JOURNAL OF MOTOR BEHAVIOR, 24 :197-209 >DOI >Link

SUMMERS JJ. 1992. THE DEMISE OF THE MOTOR PROGRAM BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES, 15 :800-800 >Link

SUMMERS JJ, MILLER K, FORD S. 1991. ATTENTIONAL STYLE AND BASKETBALL PERFORMANCE JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 13 :239-253 >DOI >Link

Summers JJ. 1990. Chapter 23 Temporal Constraints on Concurrent Task Performance Advances in Psychology, 70 :661-680 >DOI

SUMMERS JJ, FORD SK. 1990. THE TEST OF ATTENTIONAL AND INTERPERSONAL STYLE - AN EVALUATION INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT PSYCHOLOGY, 21 :102-111 >Link

SUMMERS JJ, BELL R, BURNS BD. 1989. PERCEPTUAL AND MOTOR FACTORS IN THE IMITATION OF SIMPLE TEMPORAL PATTERNS PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG, 51 :23-27 >DOI >Link

BURNS BD, SUMMERS JJ. 1989. STRATEGIES AND MOTOR PROGRAMS BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES, 12 :214-214 >DOI >Link

Summers J, Maddocks D. 1986. Attentional style profiles and sport performance Behaviour Change, 3 :105-111 >DOI

SUMMERS JJ, HAWKINS SR, MAYERS H. 1986. IMITATION AND PRODUCTION OF INTERVAL RATIOS PERCEPTION & PSYCHOPHYSICS, 39 :437-444 >DOI >Link

SUMMERS JJ, SARGENT GI, HAWKINS SR. 1984. RHYTHM AND THE TIMING OF MOVEMENT SEQUENCES PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG, 46 :107-119 >DOI >Link

WILKES RL, SUMMERS JJ. 1984. COGNITIONS, MEDIATING VARIABLES, AND STRENGTH PERFORMANCE JOURNAL OF SPORT PSYCHOLOGY, 6 :351-359 >DOI >Link

SUMMERS JJ, MACHIN VJ, SARGENT GI. 1983. PSYCHO-SOCIAL FACTORS RELATED TO MARATHON RUNNING JOURNAL OF SPORT PSYCHOLOGY, 5 :314-331 >DOI >Link

SUMMERS JJ, SOMMER JA, SHARP CA, LEVEY A, MURRAY KD. 1982. THE CODING OF CONSTRAINED AND PRESELECTED MOVEMENT DISTANCE - SAME-LIMB VERSUS SWITCHED-LIMB REPRODUCTION ACTA PSYCHOLOGICA, 51 :75-89 >DOI >Link

SUMMERS JJ, SARGENT GI, LEVEY AJ, MURRAY KD. 1982. MIDDLE-AGED, NON-ELITE MARATHON RUNNERS - A PROFILE PERCEPTUAL AND MOTOR SKILLS, 54 :963-969 >DOI >Link

SUMMERS JJ, LEVEY AJ, WRIGLEY WJ. 1981. THE ROLE OF PLANNING AND EFFERENCE IN THE RECALL OF LOCATION AND DISTANCE CUES IN SHORT-TERM MOTOR MEMORY JOURNAL OF MOTOR BEHAVIOR, 13 :65-76 >Link

SUMMERS JJ, SHARP CA. 1979. BILATERAL EFFECTS OF CONCURRENT VERBAL AND SPATIAL REHEARSAL ON COMPLEX MOTOR SEQUENCING NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA, 17 :331-343 >DOI >Link

SUMMERS JJ. 1977. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SEQUENCING AND TIMING COMPONENTS OF A SKILL JOURNAL OF MOTOR BEHAVIOR, 9 :49-59 >Link

SUMMERS JJ. 1977. ADJUSTMENTS TO REDUNDANCY IN REACTION-TIME - COMPARISON OF 3 LEARNING METHODS ACTA PSYCHOLOGICA, 41 :205-223 >DOI >Link

HINTZMAN DL, SUMMERS JJ, BLOCK RA. 1975. WHAT CAUSES SPACING EFFECT - SOME EFFECTS OF REPETITION, DURATION, AND SPACING ON MEMORY FOR PICTURES MEMORY & COGNITION, 3 :287-294 >DOI >Link

Hintzman DL, Summers JJ, Eki NT, Moore MD. 1975. Voluntary attention and the spacing effect Memory & Cognition, 3 :576-580 >DOI

HINTZMAN DL, SUMMERS JJ, EKI NT, MOORE MD. 1975. VOLUNTARY ATTENTION AND SPACING EFFECT MEMORY & COGNITION, 3 :576-580 >DOI >Link

HINTZMAN DL, SUMMERS JJ, BLOCK RA. 1975. SPACING JUDGMENTS AS AN INDEX OF STUDY-PHASE RETRIEVAL JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN LEARNING AND MEMORY, 104 :31-40 >Link

Hintzman DL, Summers JJ, Block RA. 1975. Spacing judgments as an index of study-phase retrieval Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 1 :31-40 >DOI

SUMMERS JJ. 1975. ROLE OF TIMING IN MOTOR PROGRAM REPRESENTATION JOURNAL OF MOTOR BEHAVIOR, 7 :229-241 >Link

Hintzman DL, Summers JJ. 1973. Long-term visual traces of visually presented words Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 1 :325-327 >DOI

Hintzman DL, Block RA, Summers JJ. 1973. Modality tags and memory for repetitions: locus of the spacing effect J.VERB.LEARN.VERB.BEHAV., 12 :229-238

Hintzman DL, Summers JJ. 1973. Long term visual traces of visually presented words BULL.PSYCHONOMIC SOC., 1 :325-327 >DOI

Hintzman DL, Block RA, Summers JJ. 1973. Contextual associations and memory for serial position Journal of Experimental Psychology, 97 :220-229 >DOI

Posner MI, Klein R, Summers J, Buggie S. 1973. On the selection of signals Memory & Cognition, 1 :2-12 >DOI

Hintzman DL, Block RA, Summers JJ. 1973. Modality tags and memory for repetitions: Locus of the spacing effect Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 12 :229-238 >DOI

Conference publication

Bennett B, Tang A, Garry M, Hinder M, Rodger J, Summers J, Canty A. 2015. Mechanisms of action of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation upon motor learning - an in vivo imaging approach JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY, 25th Biennial Meeting of the International-Society-for-Neurochemistry Jointly with the 13th Meeting of the Asian-Pacific-Society-for-Neurochemistry in Conjunction with the 35th Meeting of the Australasian-Neuroscience-Society 134 :300-300 >Link

Cauraugh JH, Lodha N, Naik SK, Summers JJ. 2010. Bilateral movement training and stroke motor recovery progress: A structured review and meta-analysis HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCE, 29 :853-870 >DOI >Link

Summers JJ, Lewis J, Fujiyama H. 2010. Aging effects on event and emergent timing in bimanual coordination HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCE, 29 :820-830 >DOI >Link

Hiraga CY, Summers JJ, Temprado JJ. 2005. Effects of attentional prioritisation on the temporal and spatial components of an interlimb circle-drawing task HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCE, 24 :815-832 >DOI >Link

Summers J, Wade-Ferrell R, Kagerer F. 2003. The role of visual and kinesthetic information in bimanual coordination Rogers S, Effken J. STUDIES IN PERCEPTION AND ACTION VII, 12th International Conference on Perception and Action 7 :57-60 >Link

Summers J. 2002. Perspectives on the timing of events and actions - Introduction to Section II COMMON MECHANISMS IN PERCEPTION AND ACTION, 19 :197-201 >Link

Byblow WD, Chua R, Bysouth-Young DF, Summers JJ. 1999. Stabilisation of bimanual coordination through visual coupling HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCE, 18 :281-305 >DOI >Link

Wuyts IJ, Byblow WD, Summers JJ, Carson RG, Semjen A. 1998. Intentional switching between patterns of coordination in bimanual circle drawing Piek JP. MOTOR BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN SKILL, 3rd Biennial Workshop on Motor Control and Human Skill Research :191-208 >Link

Summers JJ. 1998. Has ecological psychology delivered what it promised? Piek JP. MOTOR BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN SKILL, 3rd Biennial Workshop on Motor Control and Human Skill Research :385-402 >Link

Byblow WD, Bysouth-Young D, Summers JJ, Carson RG. 1998. Performance asymmetries and coupling dynamics in the acquisition of multifrequency bimanual coordination PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG, 61 :56-70 >DOI >Link

Armatas CA, Summers JJ, Bradshaw JL. 1996. Strength as a factor influencing mirror movements HUMAN MOVEMENT SCIENCE, 15 :689-705 >DOI >Link

CARSON RG, BYBLOW WD, ABERNETHY B, SUMMERS JJ. 1995. Inherent and incidental constraints upon intentional switching between patterns of bimanual coordination. Bardy BG, Bootsma RJ, Guiard Y. STUDIES IN PERCEPTION AND ACTION III, 8th Biennial Conference of the International-Society-for-Ecological-Psychology on Perception and Action 3 :41-44 >Link

Summers JJ, Semjen A, Carson RG, Thomas J. 1995. Going around in circles: The dynamics of bimanual circling Glencross DJ, Piek JP. MOTOR CONTROL AND SENSORY MOTOR INTEGRATION, Motor Control and Human Skills Research Workshop 111 :231-253 >Link

FORD SK, SUMMERS JJ. 1992. THE FACTORIAL VALIDITY OF THE TAIS ATTENTIONAL-STYLE SUBSCALES JOURNAL OF SPORT & EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 1ST INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF THE ASIAN SOUTH PACIFIC ASSOC OF SPORT PSYCHOLOGY 14 :283-297 >DOI >Link

Chapters

Summers JJ. 2011. Attention Morris T. The New Sport and Exercise Psychology Companion :105-133 Fitness Information Technology. Morgantown, WV 978-1-935412-02-1

Moran AP. 2004. Attention in Sport Morris T, Summers J. Sport Psychology: Theory, Applications and Issues :101-120 John Wiley & Sons. Singapore

Summers JJ. 2004. A historical perspective on skill acquisition Williams AM. Skill Acquisition in Sport :1-26 Routledge. London

Summers J, Wade-Ferrell R. 2003. The Role of Visual and Kinesthetic Information in Bimanual Coordination Rogers S, Effken J. Studies in Perception and Action VII 7 :57-60 Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Button C, Summers J. 2002. Co-ordination Dynamics of Interceptive Actions Davids K, Savelsbergh G, Bennett SJ, Van der Kamp J. Interceptive Actions in Sport :225-241 Routledge. London

Summers JJ. 2002. Perspectives on the timing of events and actions Prinz W. Common Mechanisms in Perception and Action :197-201 Oxford University Press. Oxford

Kagerer FA, Summers JJ, Wilson SA, Byblow WD. 2001. Motor Cortex Excitability and Movement Speed in Aging and in Parkinson's Disease From Basic Motor Control to Functional Recovery II :347-356 Academic Publishing House. Sofia

Summers JJ, Summers JJ, Byblow WD. 2001. Assessing the Stability of Bimanual Corrdination using Transcranial Magnetic Cortical Stimulation From Basic Motor Control to Functional Recovery II :237-246 Academic Publishing House. Sofia

Summers JJ. 2000. Introduction: Mental Timekeepers, Internal Clocks, Oscillators and Complex Dynamics Rhythm Perception and Production :3-8 Swets & Zeitlinger. Lisse, The Netherlands

Summers JJ. 2000. The Learning and Transfer of Multifrequency Patterns Desain P, Windsor L. Rhythm Perception and Production :69-80 Swets & Zeitlinger. Lisse, The Netherlands

Summers JJ. 1999. Skill Acquisition: Current Perspectives and Future Directions Lidor R. Sport Psychology: Linking Theory and Practice :83-107 Fitness Information Technology, Inc. Morgantown, WV

Summers JJ, Morris ME, Collier JM, Matyas TA, Summers JJ. 1998. Evidence for motor skill learning in Parkinson's disease Motor Behavior and Human Skill :329-354 Human Kinetics

Summers JJ, Wuyts IJ, Byblow WD, Summers JJ, Carson RG. 1998. Intentional switching between patterns of coordination in bimanual circle drawing Motor Behavior and Human Skill :191-208 Human Kinetics. Champaign, IL

Summers JJ. 1998. Has Ecological Psychology Delivered What It Promised? Motor Behavior and Human Skill :385-402 Human Kinetics. Champaign, IL

Morris T, Summers J. 1995. Future Directions in Sport and Exercise Psychology Morris T, Summers J. Sport Psychology: Theory, Applications and Issues :592-604 John Wiley & Sons. Singapore

Summers J, Ford S. 1995. Attention in Sport Morris T, Summers J. Sport Psychology: Theory, Applications and Issues :63-89 John Wiley & Sons. Singapore

Carson R, Byblow W, Abernethy B, Summers J. 1995. Inherent and Incidental Constraints Upon Intentional Switching Between Patterns of Bimanual Coordination Bardy BG, Bootsma RJ, Guiard Y. Studies in Perception and Action III 3 :41-44 Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Hove, UK

Summers JJ, Semjen A, Carson RG. 1995. Going Around in Circles: The Dynamics of Bimanual Circling Glencross DJ. Motor Control and Sensory Motor Integration 111 :231-253 North-Holland. Amsterdam

Morris ME, Iansek R, Summers JJ, Matyas TA. 1995. Motor Control Considerations for the Rehabilitation of Gait in Parkinson's Disease Glencross DJ, Piek JP. Motor Control and Sensory Motor Integration 111 :61-93 North-Holland. Amsterdam

Summers JJ. 1992. Movement Behaviour: A Field in Crisis? Approaches to the Study of Motor Control and Learning 84 :551-562 North-Holland. Amsterdam

Hulstijn W, Summers JJ, van Lieshout PHM. 1992. Timing in Finger Tapping and Speech: A Comparison Between Stutters and Fluent Speakers Thomassen AJWM, Rosenbaum DA, van Wieringen PCW. Sequencing and Timing of Human Movement :113-124 North-Holland. Amsterdam

Summers JJ, Kennedy TM. 1992. Strategies in the Production of a 5:3 Polyrhythm Thomassen AJWM, Rosenbaum DA. Sequencing and Timing of Human Movement :101-112 North-Holland. Amsterdam

Summers JJ. 1990. Psychology and Sport Performance Bakker FC, Dudink ACM, Savelsbergh GJP. Sportpsychologie: Wetenschap en Toepassing I :53-65 Uitgave VSPN. Amsterdam

Summers JJ, Burns BD. 1990. Timning in Human Movement Sequences Cognitive Models of Psychological Time :181-206 Lawrence Elbaum Associates. Hillsdale, New Jersy

Summers JJ. 1990. Temporal Constraints on Concurrent Task Performance Cerebral Control of Speech and Limb Movements 70 :661-680 North-Holland. Amsterdam

Summers JJ. 1989. Temporal Constraints in the Performance of Bimanual Tasks Vickers D, Smith PL. Human Information Processing: Measures, Mechanisms, and Models 2 :155-168 North-Holland. Amsterdam

Summers JJ. 1989. Motor Programs Human Skills: Second Edition :49-69 John Wiley & Sons. Chichester

Summers J, Kerr G. 1987. Movement Control Physical Education & Disability :71-79 The Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation. Parkside, SA

Summers JJ. 1981. Motor Programs Holdng DH. Human Skills :41-64 John Wiley & Sons. Chichester

Keele SW, Summers JJ. 1976. The Structure of Motor Programs Stelmach GE. Motor Control: Issues and Trends :109-142 Academic Press. New York

Book

Summers J, Borland R, Walker M. 1989. Psychology: An Introduction John Wiley & Sons. Milton, Qld