Liverpool Skylilne

Sport and Exercise Sciences

Dr Spencer Hayes

Dr Spencer Hayes

Telephone: 0151 904 6237

Biography

Reader in Sensorimotor Behaviour.
I run the sensorimotor behaviour lab at the Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, at LJMU. My PhD work examined the processes underlying the representation and acquisition of biological motion kinematics in children and adults (with Prof. Nicola Hodges, UBC, Canada). I am currently working with autistic children and adults with Profs. Simon Bennett and Digby Elliott. In partnership with autistic volunteers, I am examining the imitation of biological motion kinematics; the effects of social and non-social mechanisms on processing biological motion; the effects of sensorimotor experience (i.e., practice) on social responsiveness in autistic children and adults; action perception following sensorimotor training in autistic adults; and work-related educational training with autistic adults. My work is in partnership with Autism Together, UK; Leaps and Bounds, Trampolining Club for Autistic Children, and Options Autism. I am currently collaborating with Dr Geoff Bird, Brasenose College, University of Oxford; Dr Emma Gowen, University of Manchester; and Dr Frederik Deconinck, University of Ghent.

Publications

Highlighted publications

Hayes SJ, Andrew M, Foster NC, Elliott D, Gowen E, Bennett SJ. 2017. Sensorimotor learning and associated visual perception are intact but unrelated in autism spectrum disorder Autism Research, >DOI

Roberts JW, Bennett SJ, Hayes SJ. 2017. Impression or expression? The influence of self-monitoring on the social modulation of motor contagion. Q J Exp Psychol (Hove), :1-32 >DOI >Link

Roberts JW, Bennett SJ, Welsh TN, Elliott D, Lyons J, Hayes SJ. 2017. The influence of environmental context in interpersonal observation–execution Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70 :154-162 >DOI

Andrew M, Bennett SJ, Elliott D, Hayes SJ. 2016. Complimentary lower-level and higher-order systems underpin imitation learning BRAIN AND COGNITION, 104 :25-33 >DOI >Link

Hayes SJ, Andrew M, Elliott D, Gowen E, Bennett SJ. 2016. Low Fidelity Imitation of Atypical Biological Kinematics in Autism Spectrum Disorders Is Modulated by Self-Generated Selective Attention JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS, 46 :502-513 >DOI >Link

Roberts JW, Bennett SJ, Hayes SJ. 2016. Top-down social modulation of interpersonal observation–execution Psychological Research, 80 :487-495 >DOI

Hayes SJ, Roberts JW, Elliott D, Bennett SJ. 2014. Top-Down Attentional Processes Modulate the Coding of Atypical Biological Motion Kinematics in the Absence of Motor Signals JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE, 40 :1641-1653 >DOI >Link

Hayes SJ, Elliott D, Andrew M, Roberts JW, Bennett SJ. 2012. Dissociable contributions of motor-execution and action-observation to intramanual transfer. Exp Brain Res, 221 :459-466 >DOI >Link

Hayes SJ, Andrew M, Elliott D, Roberts JW, Bennett SJ. 2012. Dissociable contributions of motor-execution and action-observation to intermanual transfer. Neurosci Lett, 506 :346-350 >DOI >Link

Hayes SJ, Elliott D, Bennett SJ. 2010. General motor representations are developed during action-observation. Exp Brain Res, 204 :199-206 >DOI >Link

Hayes SJ, Timmis MA, Bennett SJ. 2009. Eye movements are not a prerequisite for learning movement sequence timing through observation. Acta Psychol (Amst), 131 :202-208 >DOI >Link

Foster N, Bennett SJ, Causer J, Bird G, Andrew M, Hayes S. Atypical biological kinematics are represented during observational practice Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,

Journal Articles

Hayes SJ, Andrew M, Foster NC, Elliott D, Gowen E, Bennett SJ. 2017. Sensorimotor learning and associated visual perception are intact but unrelated in autism spectrum disorder Autism Research, >DOI

Roberts JW, Bennett SJ, Hayes SJ. 2017. Impression or expression? The influence of self-monitoring on the social modulation of motor contagion. Q J Exp Psychol (Hove), :1-32 >DOI >Link

Elliott D, Lyons J, Hayes SJ, Burkitt JJ, Roberts JW, Grierson LEM, Hansen S, Bennett SJ. 2017. The multiple process model of goal-directed reaching revisited Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 72 :95-110 >DOI

Causer J, Hayes SJ, Hooper JM, Bennett SJ. 2017. Quiet eye facilitates sensorimotor preprograming and online control of precision aiming in golf putting Cognitive Processing, 18 :47-54 >DOI

Roberts JW, Bennett SJ, Welsh TN, Elliott D, Lyons J, Hayes SJ. 2017. The influence of environmental context in interpersonal observation–execution Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70 :154-162 >DOI

Andrew M, Bennett SJ, Elliott D, Hayes SJ. 2016. Complimentary lower-level and higher-order systems underpin imitation learning BRAIN AND COGNITION, 104 :25-33 >DOI >Link

Roberts JW, Elliott D, Lyons JL, Hayes SJ, Bennett SJ. 2016. Common vs. independent limb control in sequential vertical aiming: The cost of potential errors during extensions and reversals Acta Psychologica, 163 :27-37 >DOI

Hayes SJ, Dutoy CA, Elliott D, Gowen E, Bennett SJ. 2016. Atypical biological motion kinematics are represented by complementary lower-level and top-down processes during imitation learning Acta Psychologica, 163 :10-16 >DOI

Hayes SJ, Andrew M, Elliott D, Gowen E, Bennett SJ. 2016. Low Fidelity Imitation of Atypical Biological Kinematics in Autism Spectrum Disorders Is Modulated by Self-Generated Selective Attention JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS, 46 :502-513 >DOI >Link

Roberts JW, Bennett SJ, Hayes SJ. 2016. Top-down social modulation of interpersonal observation–execution Psychological Research, 80 :487-495 >DOI

Roberts JW, Bennett SJ, Elliott D, Hayes SJ. 2015. Motion trajectory information and agency influence motor learning during observational practice ACTA PSYCHOLOGICA, 159 :76-84 >DOI >Link

Roberts JW, Hayes SJ, Uji M, Bennett SJ. 2015. Motor contagion: the contribution of trajectory and end-points PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG, 79 :621-629 >DOI >Link

Roberts JW, Bennett SJ, Elliott D, Hayes SJ. 2014. Top-down and bottom-up processes during observation: Implications for motor learning EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE, 14 :S250-S256 >DOI >Link

Elliott D, Dutoy C, Andrew M, Burkitt JJ, Grierson LEM, Lyons JL, Hayes SJ, Bennett SJ. 2014. The Influence of Visual Feedback and Prior Knowledge About Feedback on Vertical Aiming Strategies JOURNAL OF MOTOR BEHAVIOR, 46 :433-443 >DOI >Link

Hayes SJ, Roberts JW, Elliott D, Bennett SJ. 2014. Top-Down Attentional Processes Modulate the Coding of Atypical Biological Motion Kinematics in the Absence of Motor Signals JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE, 40 :1641-1653 >DOI >Link

Robinson MA, Elliott D, Hayes SJ, Barton GJ, Bennett SJ. 2014. Primary and submovement control of aiming in C6 tetraplegics following posterior deltoid transfer JOURNAL OF NEUROENGINEERING AND REHABILITATION, 11 >DOI >Link

Bourne M, Bennett SJ, Hayes SJ, Smeeton NJ, Williams AM. 2013. Information underpinning anticipation of goal-directed throwing. Atten Percept Psychophys, 75 :1559-1569 >DOI >Link

Hayes SJ, Elliott D, Bennett SJ. 2013. Visual online control processes are acquired during observational practice. Acta Psychol (Amst), 143 :298-302 >DOI >Link

Sánchez García R, Hayes SJ, Williams AM, Bennett SJ. 2013. Multisensory perception and action in 3-ball cascade juggling Journal of Motor Behavior, 45 :29-36 >DOI

Hansen S, Hayes SJ, Bennett SJ. 2013. Integration of alternating monocular samples during goal-directed aiming. Motor Control, 17 :95-104 >Link

Hayes SJ, Elliott D, Andrew M, Roberts JW, Bennett SJ. 2012. Dissociable contributions of motor-execution and action-observation to intramanual transfer. Exp Brain Res, 221 :459-466 >DOI >Link

Roberts JW, Bennett SJ, Elliott D, Hayes SJ. 2012. Top-down and bottom-up processes during observation: Implications for motor learning European Journal of Sport Science, :1-7 >DOI

Elliott D, Hayes SJ, Bennett SJ. 2012. 125 years of perceptual-motor skill research. Am J Psychol, 125 :9-23 >Link

Hayes SJ, Andrew M, Elliott D, Roberts JW, Bennett SJ. 2012. Dissociable contributions of motor-execution and action-observation to intermanual transfer. Neurosci Lett, 506 :346-350 >DOI >Link

Hansen S, Hayes S, Bennett SJ. 2011. Inter-ocular and intra-ocular integration during prehension NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS, 487 :17-21 >DOI >Link

Elliott D, Grierson LEM, Hayes SJ, Lyons J. 2011. Action representations in perception, motor control and learning: implications for medical education. Med Educ, 45 :119-131 >DOI >Link

Bourne M, Bennett SJ, Hayes SJ, Williams AM. 2011. The dynamical structure of handball penalty shots as a function of target location. Hum Mov Sci, 30 :40-55 >DOI >Link

Hayes SJ, Hansen S, Elliott D. 2010. Between-person effects on attention and action: Joe and Fred revisited. Psychol Res, 74 :302-312 >DOI >Link

Hayes SJ, Elliott D, Bennett SJ. 2010. General motor representations are developed during action-observation. Exp Brain Res, 204 :199-206 >DOI >Link

Robinson MA, Hayes SJ, Bennett SJ, Barton GJ, Elliott D. 2010. Sensory-motor equivalence: manual aiming in C6 tetraplegics following musculotendinous transfer surgery at the elbow. Exp Brain Res, 206 :81-91 >DOI >Link

Elliott D, Hansen S, Grierson LEM, Lyons J, Bennett SJ, Hayes SJ. 2010. Goal-directed aiming: two components but multiple processes. Psychol Bull, 136 :1023-1044 >DOI >Link

Hayes SJ, Timmis MA, Bennett SJ. 2009. Eye movements are not a prerequisite for learning movement sequence timing through observation. Acta Psychol (Amst), 131 :202-208 >DOI >Link

Hayes SJ, Ashford D, Bennett SJ. 2008. Goal-directed imitation: the means to an end. Acta Psychol (Amst), 127 :407-415 >DOI >Link

Hayes SJ, Hodges NJ, Scott MA, Horn RR, Williams AM. 2007. The efficacy of demonstrations in teaching children an unfamiliar movement skill: the effects of object-orientated actions and point-light demonstrations. J Sports Sci, 25 :559-575 >DOI >Link

Horn RR, Williams AM, Hayes SJ, Hodges NJ, Scott MA. 2007. Demonstration as a rate enhancer to changes in coordination during early skill acquisition JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 25 :599-614 >DOI >Link

Hodges NJ, Williams AM, Hayes SJ, Breslin G. 2007. What is modelled during observational learning? JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 25 :531-545 >DOI >Link

Hayes SJ, Hodges NJ, Huys R, Mark Williams A. 2007. End-point focus manipulations to determine what information is used during observational learning. Acta Psychol (Amst), 126 :120-137 >DOI >Link

Hodges NJ, Hayes SJ, Eaves DL, Horn RR, Williams AM. 2006. End-point trajectory matching as a method for teaching kicking skills INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT PSYCHOLOGY, 37 :230-247 >Link

Hayes SJ, Hodges NJ, Scott MA, Horn RR, Williams AM. 2006. Scaling a motor skill through observation and practice. J Mot Behav, 38 :357-366 >DOI >Link

Hodges NJ, Hayes S, Horn RR, Williams AM. 2005. Changes in coordination, control and outcome as a result of extended practice on a novel motor skill. Ergonomics, 48 :1672-1685 >DOI >Link

Hodges NJ, Hayes SJ, Breslin G, Williams AM. 2005. An evaluation of the minimal constraining information during observation for movement reproduction ACTA PSYCHOLOGICA, 119 :264-282 >DOI >Link

Foster N, Bennett SJ, Causer J, Bird G, Andrew M, Hayes S. Atypical biological kinematics are represented during observational practice Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,

Engagement & Impact

Editorial boards:

Publication: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Position: Editorial Board, URL: http://www.jsams.org/