Face Lab

Face Lab

ART LABS

Learn more about Face Lab

Face Lab conducts research into the digital creative agenda

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Face Lab, directed by Professor Caroline Wilkinson, focuses on the digital creative agenda. Specifically, Face Lab explores faces and art-science applications. Face Lab’s research includes:

  • the further development of a 3D computerized craniofacial depiction system, utilizing existing 3D modelling software and haptic technology
  • the development of a database of anatomical structures and facial features
  • the use of cutting edge technology in facial depiction, animation and recognition

The craniofacial computer system has been employed to analyse, authenticate and/or depict the faces of key historical figures, such as:

The system has also analysed, authenticated and/or depicted people from the past from skeletal remains, death masks and portraits. This work has directly influenced current digital human research, especially in relation to the creation of 3D facial avatars and facial recognition.

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Professor Wilkinson has an international reputation and contributes to international policy, cultural enrichment and expert training. She has collaborated frequently with museums, the media and other organisations, including the National Museum of Scotland, National Museum of Ireland, Museum of London, Egyptian Museum of Cairo, FBI Academy, Interpol, Moesgaard Museum, Manchester Museum and the Fraunhofer Institute.

Face Lab collaborates with internationally renowned artists and has previously worked with Turner Prize nominees Jane and Louise Wilson on We Put the World Before You and Gina Czarnecki on Heirloom.

Facial appearance and cognitive bias

Representing and displaying the dead

Facial Appearance and population demographics

  • Medieval Norway
  • Lapo do Santo
  • Facial difference book
  • Ancestral Faces of the Canary Islands

Facial appearance and status

  • Robert the Bruce
  • Facial difference book
  • St Nicholas
  • Richard III

Archaeological casework

  • Scottish soldier
  • Tudor Dubliner
  • Rat Island
  • Johns Hopkins Archaeological Museum (Who am I…)
  • Maidstone Museum’s mummy Ta-Kush
  • Medieval Norway
  • Rat Island
  • Canarii
  • Lapo do Santo
  • Richard III
  • Robert the Bruce
  • Robert Burns (Animating people from the past)
  • St Nicholas

Forensic identification

  • Crime Watch (Link to article)
  • JL PHD Project
  • KS PhD Project

Professor Wilkinson has an international reputation and contributes to international policy, cultural enrichment and expert training. She has collaborated frequently with museums, the media and other organisations, including the National Museum of Scotland, National Museum of Ireland, Museum of London, Egyptian Museum of Cairo, FBI Academy, Interpol, Moesgaard Museum, Manchester Museum and the Fraunhofer Institute.

Face Lab collaborates with internationally renowned artists and has previously worked with Turner Prize nominees Jane and Louise Wilson on We Put the World Before You and Gina Czarnecki on Heirloom.

Awards

Educate North Award. Research team of the year (Nominated)

‘Heritage Project Award’ for Exercise MAGWICH, Ministry of Defence Sanctuary Awards, presented to Operation Nightingale (DIO) and Face Lab (LJMU), Ministry of Defence.

‘Silver Otter Award’  for Exercise MAGWICH, Ministry of Defence Sanctuary Awards, presented to Operation Nightingale (DIO) and Face Lab (LJMU), Ministry of Defence. 

Vice-Chancellor's Excellence Award for Excellence in Social and Economic Engagement - Presented to Professor Caroline Wilkinson and the Face Lab team, Liverpool John Moores University

Vice-Chancellor's Award for Knowledge Transfer and Social and Economic Engagement: Highly Commended, Liverpool John Moores University

Papers:

Wilkinson, C. M., Mackenzie, S, and Smith, K. 2019. Faces of Merseyside: Exploring cognitive bias through facial averages. Leonardo (in perss): DOI: 10.1162/leon_a_01747

Wilkinson C, Roughley M, Moffat R, Monckton D, MacGregor M. 2019. In Search of Robert Bruce, Part I: Craniofacial Analysis of the Skull excavated at Dunfermline in 1819 Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 24 :556-564 >DOI

Miranda GE, Wilkinson CM, Roughley M, Beaini TL, Melani RFH. 2018. Assessment of accuracy and recognition of three-dimensional computerized forensic craniofacial reconstruction PLoS ONE, 13 >DOI

Houlton TMR, Wilkinson C. 2018. Facial preservation following extreme mummification: Shrunken heads Forensic Science International, 286 :31-41 >DOI >Link

Lopez-Capp TT, Rynn C, Wilkinson CM, Saavedra de Paiva LA, Michel-Crosato E, Biazevic MGH. 2018. Craniometric variation among Brazilian and Scottish populations: a physical anthropology approach Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, 17 >DOI

Campomanes-Alvarez C, Ibáñez O, Cordón O, Wilkinson C. 2018. Hierarchical information fusion for decision making in craniofacial superimposition Information Fusion, 39 :25-40 >DOI

Bulut O, Liu C-YJ, Koca F, Wilkinson C. 2017. Comparison of three-dimensional facial morphology between upright and supine positions employing three-dimensional scanner from live subjects LEGAL MEDICINE, 27 :32-37 >DOI >Link

Wilkinson CM, Suppersberger SH, Ersland GA, Daux V, Parson W. 2017. Three individuals, three stories, three burials from medieval Trondheim, Norway PLoS ONE, 12 >DOI

Roughley M, Wilkinson C. The affordances of 3D and 4D digital technologies for computerized facial depiction Rea P. Biomedical Visualisation 2 Springer 978-3-030-14227-8

Book Chapters:

Wilkinson CM. 2018. Archaeological Facial Depiction for People from the Past with Facial Differences Skinner P, Cock E. Approaching Facial Difference Past and Present Bloomsbury Publishing 9781350028296

Smith, K. ‘Portraits? Likenesses? Composites? Facial Difference in Forensic Art.’ In Skinner, P. and Cock, E. (eds) 2018. Approaching Facial Difference Past and Present. London: Bloomsbury, pp. 84-111


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