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Humanities and Social Science

Dr James Crossland

Dr James Crossland

Telephone: 0151 231 3339

Biography

I joined Liverpool John Moores in 2014 as a Senior Lecturer in International History. I specialise in the history of international humanitarian law, military medicine and the Red Cross movement. I also have an interest in strategic propaganda, pre-1945 intelligence history, and the 'future war' fears of the late nineteenth century.

My first book, 'Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939-1945' (Palgrave, 2014), was a dedicated study of Britain's humanitarian policy during the Second World War, which was accompanied by a range of articles that examined the neutrality and politics of the Red Cross during the conflict. My latest book, 'War, Law and Humanity: the Campaign to Control Warfare, 1853-1914' (Bloomsbury, 2018) is a history of the interconnected transnational responses of humanitarian groups, army surgeons, international lawyers and pacifists to the changing nature of warfare in the decades leading up to the First World War. My next publication will be an edited collection on the history of the Red Cross movement, co-edited with Prof. Melanie Oppenheimer (Flinders) and Prof. Neville Wylie (Stirling), which will be released in the spring of 2019 by Manchester University Press.

My current research project is focused on the emergence of fear narratives in reaction to terrorist violence across the transatlantic world during the late nineteenth century, and the military, medical and legal preparations made by states during the 'future war', invasion and spy panics of the era.

In 2017, I became the Postgraduate Research Coordinator for LJMU's School of Humanities and Social Science. That same year I helped to co-found the Humanitarian Working Histories Group (HWH), a research network of scholars dedicated to the study of the history of humanitarianism. In 2018, I was awarded a British Academy Small Grant for the project: 'Humanizing Hell: The International History of the United States Sanitary Commission, 1861-1871'. I was also in that year, appointed to the editorial board of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire.

I lead the following modules:
The Age of Terror, 1850-1914 (Level 5)
Laws of War (Level 6)
The War/Peace Cycle (Level 7)

Degrees

2010, Murdoch University, Australia, PhD
2007, University of Western Australia, Australia, BA Hons

Publications

Highlighted publications

Crossland J. 2018. The Red Cross Movement: Re-Evaluating and Re-imagining the History of Humanitarianism Crossland JN, Wylie N, Oppenheimer M. , eds. (Manchester University Press)

Crossland JN. 2018. War, Law and Humanity: the Campaign to Control Warfare, 1853-1914. (Bloomsbury)

Crossland J. 2014. Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939-1945 (Palgrave)

Journal article

Crossland JN. 2018. 'Fake News is Old News: Britain's Psychological Warfare Campaign during the Second World War' History Today, 68

Crossland JN, Wylie N. 2016. The Korean War and the Post-war Prisoner of War Regime, 1945–1956 War in History, :439-456 >DOI

Crossland JN. 2013. The Mutiny that Never Was: The Special Operations Executive and the Failure of Operation ‘Kitchenmaid’ Intelligence and National Security, :808-823 >DOI

w/ Edele M, Finaldi G, crossland J. 2012. 'War and Peace, Barbarism and Civilization' Special Edition of the Australian Journal of Politics and History (editor) Crossland JN. Australian Journal of Politics and History,

Crossland JN. 2011. A Man of Peaceable Intent: Burckhardt, the British and Red Cross Neutrality during the Second World War Historical Research, :165-182 >DOI

Crossland JN. 2010. Expansion, Suspicion and the Development of the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939-1945 Australian Journal of Politics and History, :381-392 >DOI

Crossland JN. 2009. Beyond the Wire: Allied POWs in the Second World War, the POW 'myth' and Future Realities European History Quarterly, :662-669

Chapters

Crossland JN. 2018. 'The Americans Lead the Way: The United States Sanitary Commission and the Development of the Red Cross, 1861-1871' in Crossland J, Wylie N, Oppenheimer, eds. M. The Red Cross Movement: Reevaluating and Re-imagining the History of Humanitarianism (Manchester University Press)

Book

Crossland J. 2018. The Red Cross Movement: Re-Evaluating and Re-imagining the History of Humanitarianism Crossland JN, Wylie N, Oppenheimer M. , eds. (Manchester University Press)

Crossland JN. 2018. War, Law and Humanity: the Campaign to Control Warfare, 1853-1914. (Bloomsbury)

Crossland J. 2014. Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939-1945 (Palgrave)

Other

Crossland JN. 'One Step Closer to the Edge? War-Mindedness at The Hague Conferences, 1899-1907' (Forthcoming, The Origins of the First World War, Bloomsbury: 2019)

Crossland JN. 'Symbol or Shield? The Norwegian Red Cross and the Second World War', War and Semiotics (Forthcoming, Routledge: 2019)

Crossland JN. 'Fearing for Merseyside: Liverpool and the French Invasion Scare, 1858-1859', (Forthcoming, Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire: September, 2019)

Engagement & Impact

Conference organisation:

Histories of the Red Cross Movement Since 1919 - International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (June 2019), Convener

Histories of the Red Cross: Continuities and Change Conference - Flinders University (Sep 2016), Convener

World Wars Research Group Colloquium - Murdoch University (June 2013), Convenor

Editorial boards:

The Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, Editorial board member

Media Coverage:

http://ww2podcast.com/, Interview discussing blockade during the Second World War - WW2 Podcast, 15 Dec 2018.

http://davidswanson.org/talk-nation-radio-james-crossland-on-war-reformers-and-war-abolishers/, Interview discussing 'War, Law and Humanity' – Talk Nation Radio US, 27 November 2018

https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/podcast, Interview on 'The Forgotten People of the War' – 1823 Podcast, 14 November 2018

https://worldbeyondwar.org/regulating-apocalypse/, Review and Reflection on 'War, Law and Humanity' – World Beyond War, 8 November 2018

https://www.historytoday.com/james-crossland/fake-news-old-news, 'Fake News is Old News' – History Today, 23 October 2018

http://www.merseysideskeptics.org.uk/skeptics-in-the-pub/, Invited Talk on 'Fake News is Old News' – Merseyside Skeptics Society, 20 September 2018

https://www.irishexaminer.com/breakingnews/views/analysis/syrias-white-helmets-and-the-long-history-of-attacking-wartime-humanitarians-862340.html, 'Syria's White Helmets and the History of Humanitarian Relief' – Irish Examiner, 15 August 2018

https://uk.news.yahoo.com/syria-apos-white-helmets-long-094235339.html?guccounter=1, 'Syria's White Helmets and the History of Humanitarian Relief' – Yahoo News, 14 August 2018

https://www.warhistoryonline.com/war-articles/red-cross-workers-suspected-german-spies-second-world-war.html, 'Red Cross Workers suspected of being German Spies in WWII' – WarHistoryOnline, 15 February 2014

https://www.thirdsector.co.uk/red-cross-workers-suspected-german-spies-second-world-war-book-reveals/communications/article/1230569, 'New book reveals Red Cross workers suspected of spying for Germany' – Third Sector Magazine, 10 February 2014

Membership of professional bodies:

Member, Australian Association for European History

Member, Economic History Society

Member, Voluntary Action History Society (VAHS)

Member, Humanitarian Working Histories Group (HWH)

Research Grants Awarded:

British Academy, 'Humanizing Hell: The International History of the United States Sanitary Commission, 1861-1871', Grant value (£): 6,952