James joined Liverpool John Moores in 2014 as a Senior Lecturer in International History. His primary area of research interest is the development of international humanitarian law up until the Second World War. He is also interested in wartime humanitarianism, propaganda, prisoner of war history and the 'future war' fears of the late nineteenth century.
James is the author of 'Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939-1945' (Palgrave, 2014), the first dedicated study of Britain's humanitarian policy during the Second World War. James' forthcoming monologue, 'War, Law and Humanity: the Campaign to Control Warfare, 1853-1914' (Bloomsbury, 2018) is the product of a three-year program of research into the interconnected responses of humanitarian groups, army surgeons, international lawyers and pacifists to the changing nature of warfare in the decades leading up to the First World War. From this research, James is also currently working on articles covering the emergence of medical mercenaries in the 1870s, the influence of the British government on the development of the Geneva Convention, and the understudied, yet highly influential humanitarian organisation of the American Civil War, the United States Sanitary Commission.
2010, Murdoch University, Australia, PhD
2007, University of Western Australia, Australia, BA Hons
Crossland J. 2013. The Mutiny That Never Was: The Special Operations Executive and the Failure of Operation ‘Kitchenmaid’ Intelligence and National Security, 28 :808-823 >DOI
w/ Edele M, Finaldi G, crossland J. 2012. 'War and Peace, Barbarism and Civilization' Special Edition of the Australian Journal of Politics and History (editor) Crossland JN. Australian Journal of Politics and History,
Crossland J. 2011. A man of peaceable intent: Burckhardt, the British and Red Cross neutrality during the Second World War Historical Research, 84 :165-182 >DOI
Crossland J. 2010. Expansion, Suspicion and the Development of the International Committee of the Red Cross: 1939-45 Australian Journal of Politics & History, 56 :381-392 >DOI
Crossland JN. 2009. Beyond the Wire: Allied POWs in the Second World War, the POW 'myth' and Future Realities European History Quarterly, :662-669
Crossland J, service PCO. 2014. Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939-1945 Palgrave
Crossland JN. War, Law and Humanity: the Campaign to Control Warfare, 1853-1914. (Bloomsbury, Forthcoming 2018)
Engagement & Impact
Conference name: Histories of the Red Cross: Continuities and Change Conference - Flinders University (Sep 2016), Position: Convenor
Conference name: World Wars Research Group Colloquium - Murdoch University (June 2013), Position: Convenor
Membership of professional bodies:
Member, Economic History Society.
Member, Voluntary Action History Society (VAHS)
Member, Humanitarian Working Histories Group (HWH)