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Humanities and Social Science

Dr James Crossland

Dr James Crossland

Telephone: 0151 231 3339

Biography

I am a Reader in International History, whose present interests lie in the "future war" and terrorist panics of the late nineteenth century, and the early histories of the intelligence services of Europe and the United States. I am also a specialist in the history of international humanitarian law and the Red Cross movement, in particular during its formative years (1860s-1914).

My first book, 'Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939-1945' (Palgrave, 2014), was a dedicated study of Britain's humanitarian policy and the application of international humanitarian law during the Second World War, which was accompanied by a range of articles that examined the neutrality and politics of the Red Cross during the conflict. My most recent book, 'War, Law and Humanity: the Campaign to Control Warfare, 1853-1914' (Bloomsbury, 2018) is a history of the interconnected transnational responses of humanitarian groups, army surgeons, international lawyers and pacifists to the changing nature of warfare in the decades leading up to the First World War. My next publication will be an edited collection on the history of the Red Cross movement, co-edited with Prof. Melanie Oppenheimer (Flinders) and Prof. Neville Wylie (Stirling), which will be released in late 2019 by Manchester University Press.

My current research project is focused on the emergence of fear narratives in reaction to terrorist violence across the transatlantic world during the late nineteenth century, and the preparations made by states during the 'future war', invasion and spy panics of the era. As part of this research I have recently completed an article on the 1858 French invasion scare in Liverpool, and am in the process of writing my third book, 'Enemies Everywhere: The Original War on Terror'.

I am a co-founder of the Humanitarian Working Histories Group (HWH), a national research network of scholars dedicated to the study of the history of humanitarianism. I am also on the editorial board of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire and, in 2019 was elected a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.

I lead the following modules:
The Age of Terror, 1850-1914 (Level 5)
Laws of War (Level 6)
The War/Peace Cycle (Level 7)

Degrees

2010, Murdoch University, Australia, PhD
2007, University of Western Australia, Australia, BA Hons

Publications

Highlighted publications

Crossland JN. 2018. War, Law and Humanity: the Campaign to Control Warfare, 1853-1914. (Bloomsbury)

Crossland J. 2018. The Red Cross Movement: Re-Evaluating and Re-imagining the History of Humanitarianism Crossland JN, Wylie N, Oppenheimer M. , eds. (Manchester University Press)

Crossland J. 2014. Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939-1945 (Palgrave)

Book

Crossland JN. 2018. War, Law and Humanity: the Campaign to Control Warfare, 1853-1914. (Bloomsbury)

Crossland J. 2018. The Red Cross Movement: Re-Evaluating and Re-imagining the History of Humanitarianism Crossland JN, Wylie N, Oppenheimer M. , eds. (Manchester University Press)

Crossland J. 2014. Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939-1945 (Palgrave)

Chapters

Crossland JN. 2018. 'The Americans Lead the Way: The United States Sanitary Commission and the Development of the Red Cross, 1861-1871' in Crossland J, Wylie N, Oppenheimer, eds. M. The Red Cross Movement: Reevaluating and Re-imagining the History of Humanitarianism (Manchester University Press)

Journal article

Crossland JN. 2018. 'Fake News is Old News: Britain's Psychological Warfare Campaign during the Second World War' History Today, 68 >Public Url

Crossland JN, Wylie N. 2016. The Korean War and the Post-war Prisoner of War Regime, 1945–1956 War in History, :439-456 >DOI >Public Url

Crossland JN. 2013. The Mutiny that Never Was: The Special Operations Executive and the Failure of Operation ‘Kitchenmaid’ Intelligence and National Security, :808-823 >DOI

w/ Edele M, Finaldi G, crossland J. 2012. 'War and Peace, Barbarism and Civilization' Special Edition of the Australian Journal of Politics and History (editor) Crossland JN. Australian Journal of Politics and History,

Crossland JN. 2011. A Man of Peaceable Intent: Burckhardt, the British and Red Cross Neutrality during the Second World War Historical Research, :165-182 >DOI

Crossland JN. 2010. Expansion, Suspicion and the Development of the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939-1945 Australian Journal of Politics and History, :381-392 >DOI

Crossland JN. 2009. Beyond the Wire: Allied POWs in the Second World War, the POW 'myth' and Future Realities European History Quarterly, :662-669

Other

Crossland JN. 'Fearing for Merseyside: Liverpool and the French Invasion Scare, 1858-1859', (Forthcoming, Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire: September, 2019)

Crossland JN. 'Symbol or Shield? The Red Cross and the Invasion and Occupation of Norway, 1940-1945', War, Semiotics and Semantics (Forthcoming, Routledge: 2019)

Crossland JN. 'One Step Closer to the Edge? War-Mindedness at The Hague Conferences, 1899-1907', The Origins of the First World War (Forthcoming, Bloomsbury: 2020)

Engagement & Impact

Conference organisation:

World Wars Research Group Colloquium - Murdoch University (June 2013), Convener

Histories of the Red Cross: Continuities and Change Conference - Flinders University (Sep 2016), Convener

Histories of the Red Cross Movement Since 1919 - International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (June 2019), Convener

Editorial boards:

The Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, Editorial board member

Media Coverage:

https://www.thirdsector.co.uk/red-cross-workers-suspected-german-spies-second-world-war-book-reveals/communications/article/1230569, 'New book reveals Red Cross workers suspected of spying for Germany' – Third Sector Magazine, 10 February 2014

https://www.warhistoryonline.com/war-articles/red-cross-workers-suspected-german-spies-second-world-war.html, 'Red Cross Workers suspected of being German Spies in WWII' – WarHistoryOnline, 15 February 2014

https://uk.news.yahoo.com/syria-apos-white-helmets-long-094235339.html?guccounter=1, 'Syria's White Helmets and the History of Humanitarian Relief' – Yahoo News, 14 August 2018

https://www.irishexaminer.com/breakingnews/views/analysis/syrias-white-helmets-and-the-long-history-of-attacking-wartime-humanitarians-862340.html, 'Syria's White Helmets and the History of Humanitarian Relief' – Irish Examiner, 15 August 2018

http://www.merseysideskeptics.org.uk/skeptics-in-the-pub/, Invited Talk on 'Fake News is Old News' – Skeptics Society, 20 September 2018

https://www.historytoday.com/james-crossland/fake-news-old-news, 'Fake News is Old News' – History Today, 23 October 2018

https://worldbeyondwar.org/regulating-apocalypse/, Review and Reflection on 'War, Law and Humanity' – World Beyond War, 8 November 2018

https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/podcast, Interview on 'The Forgotten People of the War' – 1823 Podcast, 14 November 2018

http://davidswanson.org/talk-nation-radio-james-crossland-on-war-reformers-and-war-abolishers/, Interview discussing 'War, Law and Humanity' – Talk Nation Radio US, 27 November 2018

http://ww2podcast.com/, Interview discussing blockade during the Second World War - WW2 Podcast, 15 Dec 2018.

https://newbooksnetwork.com/james-crossland-war-law-and-humanity-the-campaign-to-control-warfare-1853-1914-bloomsbury-2018/, Interview discussing 'War, Law and Humanity' - New Books Network, 27 May 2019

Membership of professional bodies:

Member, Humanitarian Working Histories Group (HWH)

Member, Voluntary Action History Society (VAHS)

Member, Economic History Society

Member, Australian Association for European History

Fellow, Royal Historical Society, (RHS)

Other invited event:

'Truth, Lies and History: Being an Historian in the Age of Fake News', Rylands Library, Manchester, Panel discussion for Institute of Historical Research (25 June 2019)

Research Grants Awarded:

British Academy, 'Humanizing Hell: The International History of the United States Sanitary Commission, 1861-1871', Grant value (£): 6,952