James joined Liverpool John Moores in 2014 as a Senior Lecturer in International History. His primary area of research interest is the development of international humanitarian law up until the Second World War. He is also interested in military medicine, propaganda, prisoner of war history and the 'future war' fears of the late nineteenth century.
James is the author of 'Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939-1945' (Palgrave, 2014), the first dedicated study of Britain's humanitarian policy during the Second World War. James' latest monograph, 'War, Law and Humanity: the Campaign to Control Warfare, 1853-1914' (Bloomsbury, 2018) is the product of a three-year program of research into the interconnected transnational responses of humanitarian groups, army surgeons, international lawyers and pacifists to the changing nature of warfare in the decades leading up to the First World War. Out of this research, James is currently working on a new project, looking at the emergence of medical mercenaries within the global context of the 'future war' fear of the fin de siècle.
James is a founder-member of the Humanitarian Working Histories Group (HWH), a research network of scholars dedicated to the study of the history of humanitarianism.
2010, Murdoch University, Australia, PhD
2007, University of Western Australia, Australia, BA Hons
Crossland JN. 2018. 'The Americans Lead the Way: The United States Sanitary Commission and the Development of the Red Cross, 1861-1871' in Crossland J, Wylie N, Oppenheimer, eds. M. The Red Cross Movement: Reevaluating and Re-imagining the History of Humanitarianism (Manchester University Press)
Crossland J. 2018. The Red Cross Movement: Re-Evaluating and Re-imagining the History of Humanitarianism Crossland JN, Wylie N, Oppenheimer M. , eds. (Manchester University Press)
Crossland JN. 2018. War, Law and Humanity: the Campaign to Control Warfare, 1853-1914. (Bloomsbury)
Crossland J. 2014. Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939-1945 (Palgrave)
Crossland JN, Wylie N. 2016. The Korean War and the Post-war Prisoner of War Regime, 1945–1956 War in History, :439-456 >DOI
Crossland JN. 2013. The Mutiny that Never Was: The Special Operations Executive and the Failure of Operation ‘Kitchenmaid’ Intelligence and National Security, :808-823 >DOI
w/ Edele M, Finaldi G, crossland J. 2012. 'War and Peace, Barbarism and Civilization' Special Edition of the Australian Journal of Politics and History (editor) Crossland JN. Australian Journal of Politics and History,
Crossland JN. 2011. A Man of Peaceable Intent: Burckhardt, the British and Red Cross Neutrality during the Second World War Historical Research, :165-182 >DOI
Crossland JN. 2010. Expansion, Suspicion and the Development of the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939-1945 Australian Journal of Politics and History, :381-392 >DOI
Crossland JN. 2009. Beyond the Wire: Allied POWs in the Second World War, the POW 'myth' and Future Realities European History Quarterly, :662-669
Engagement & Impact
Histories of the Red Cross: Continuities and Change Conference - Flinders University (Sep 2016), Convenor
World Wars Research Group Colloquium - Murdoch University (June 2013), Convenor
The Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, Editorial board member
Membership of professional bodies:
Member, Australian Association for European History
Member, Economic History Society.
Member, Voluntary Action History Society (VAHS)
Member, Humanitarian Working Histories Group (HWH)
Research Grants Awarded:
British Academy Small Grant, 'Humanizing Hell' 1861-1871, Grant value (£): 6,510.00