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Humanities and Social Science

Dr Xin Liu


Dr. Xin Liu (Calvin) is an international historian and international theorist whose research draws upon the nexus between historical knowledge and international theories to reveal how the former disseminates critical values for the latter. In particular, Calvin is interested in understanding how non-western experiences of state-formation and social development may critically engage the extant frameworks of IR which are usually rigid and profane by providing alternative, historically grounded interpretations of modern concepts and cannons such as sovereignty, nation-state, territoriality and justice. Calvin has published journal articles which excavate from world history the variegated patterns and assumptions of international order in premodern Asia, and he's also producing a monograph on how the global overseas Chinese communities have helped shaping the modern Chinese revolution.

Calvin joined Liverpool John Moores University in July 2017, before which he taught in various British and overseas higher education institutions including the University of Sussex, Birkbeck College of London and the University of Sharjah in the UAE. Calvin's areas of teaching have ranged from international history, Chinese studies to international relations theories and social research methods. Calvin's academic life is mostly spent in the UK, where he has received a PhD in International Relations and Historical Sociology (Sussex) and a MSc in International Relations Research (LSE).

Calvin has been a member of the Higher Education Academy (HEA), British International Studies Association (BISA), International Studies Association (ISA) and the Sussex Uneven and Combined Development Working Group. Beyond the academia, Calvin has been acting as a regular contributor for the BBC World Service, in which role he has commented widely on a vast range of issues such as global and regional conflicts, Chinese politics, and other social and public affairs of concern. Calvin has also occasionally appeared on other Chinese media platforms such as Sina and Southern People's Weekly.

Calvin has massive passion for dramas and novels in his spare time. He's also a dedicated home cook, and a cartoonist.


Chinese (Cantonese)
Chinese (Mandarin)


2014, University of Sussex, United Kingdom, Dphil in International Relations
2009, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom, MSc in International Relations (Research)
2008, People's University of China, China, BA in International Politics and International Political Economy



Liu X. 2018. ‘Too Simple and Sometimes Naïve’: Hong Kong, between China and the West Shilliam R, Rutazibwa O. Routledge Handbook of Postcolonial Politics Routledge 9781138944596

Journal Articles

Liu X. 2016. Anarchy in the East: Eurocentrism, China-centred geopolitics and uneven and combined development International Politics, 53 :574-595 >DOI

Engagement & Impact


Fellowship title: Associate Fellowship, Organisation: Higher Education Academy (HEA)

Membership of professional bodies:

Member, European Association for Chinese Studies (EAC)

Member, Sussex Uneven and Combined Development Working Group

Member, British International Studies Association (BISA)

Member, International Studies Association (ISA)

Other invited event:

Title of event: Research Seminar on ‘Transitional Economies’, Location: The Centre for Organizational Research, Roehampton University, London, Description: ‘China’s industrial transfer and the nascent mode of labour movement’

Title of event: Guest Speaker at the Symposium of '‘Civil Society, Democracy and Nationhood: What can we learn from the Scotland Referendum, Taiwan Sunflower and Hon', Location: St. Anthony College, University of Oxford, Description: 'A Movement for the Past: What Is at Stake in the Umbrella Movement'

Title of event: guest-lecture at the Aberystwyth Business School, Location: University of Aberystwyth, Wales, Description: ‘China’s economic slow-down and its impact on global politics’

Title of event: Guest Lecture at China-Arab Association, Location: Dubai, UAE, Description: ‘Horror in the Profound Night: Donald Trump and the Strange Death of Liberal International Order’