Heather Panter is a retired police detective with over 2,000 hours of police specific training and a combined 13 years of American law enforcement experience with local and federal police agencies. Her previous research involved the comparative cross-examination of policing within the United States and the United Kingdom in respect to officers’ cognitive and social perceptions of LGBT+ identities. This research focused on biases, gender theories, psychological conflict theories, intersectionality, subconscious bias, and the issues surrounding social acceptance of those in stigmatised minority groups within policing.
Additionally, her other previous research examined the usage and application of WBI (Whole Body Imaging) at airports as a counter-terrorism tool. More specifically, a benefit analysis of detecting energetic materials (i.e. bombs) when using WBI technologies as a pre-flight security screening process. During the course of this research, she examined the legal and privacy issues versus the efficiency of detecting energetic materials that WBI imaging presents to airline travellers.
Her general research interests include the usage of crime scene technologies in investigations, crime scene analysis, LGBT+ criminology, critical criminology, hate crimes, death studies, and comparative policing. Currently, her on-going research projects include the following: solvability factors in LGBT+ homicides; psychosocial examinations of LGBT+ genocides; paraphilias/ paraphilic disorders and forensic indicators in criminal investigations; and psychological/ emotional attachments to human remains in different states of decomposition in coronial professions (e.g. coroners, pathologists, forensic anthropologists, forensic archaeologists, police, morticians, etc.).
She has a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree in Criminal Justice and an Associate degree (A.S.) in Psychology from the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, USA. She also has a Master of Science (M.S.) in Criminal Justice with a specialization in Forensic Science from Saint Leo University, USA. In 2016, she earned her PhD from Cardiff University in Criminology.
She is a passionate teacher who draws upon her previous police experience to create an innovative pedagogic environment that enables students to both grasp and apply complex criminological/ investigative ideas. As a senior lecturer, she is the programme leader of LJMU's MSc Policing and Criminal Investigations and the module leader in the following graduate modules: Advanced Investigative Skills; Forensic and Medicolegal Death Investigations; Forensic Cognition: Violence and Victims. Currently, she is co-supervising PhD projects in policing studies, psychology, and engineering. She also serves as a consultant for police fictional novels, police television shows, and news agencies. Please feel free to contact her if you have any academic or media inquiries.
2016, Cardiff University, United Kingdom, Doctor of Philosophy in Criminology (PhD)
2011, Saint Leo University, United States, Master of Science in Criminal Justice with a Forensic Science Specialization (M.S.)
2000, University of Tennessee, United States, Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice (B.S.)
2000, University of Tennessee, United States, Associate Degree in Psychology (A.S.)
Programme Leader (MSc in Policing and Criminal Investigations), Liverpool Centre for Advanced Policing Studies, Liverpool John Moores University, 2016 - present
Programme Leader (BSc in Policing and Forensics), Liverpool Centre for Advanced Policing Studies, Liverpool John Moores University, 2016 - 2019
Panter HA. 2018. Airport Security: Procedures in Secured Areas for TSA and private security Shapiro L, Maras M-H. Encyclopedia of Security and Emergency Management Springer 978-3-319-69891-5 DOI Publisher Url
Panter H. Airport Security: Incidents That Changed Procedures Encyclopedia of Security and Emergency Management :1-9 Springer International Publishing 9783319698915 DOI
Panter HA. LGBT+ Genocide: Understanding Hetero-Nationalism and the Politics of Psychological Silence Walklate S, Eski Y. Genocide & Victimology Routledge
Panter HA. 2013. Backscatter Imaging and Counterterrorism: An Analysis of Legal and Privacy Issues NSU International Journal of Criminal Justice, VIII :8-14 Publisher Url
Parrott E, Panter H, Morrissey J, Bezombes F. A Low Cost Approach to Disturbed Soil Detection Using Low Altitude Digital Imagery from an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Drones, 3 :50-50 DOI Publisher Url Public Url
Panter HA. 2012. The Psychology of Eyewitness Identification The Psychologist, 25 :694-695 Publisher Url
Engagement & Impact
Transgender Police Negotiating Police Culture: UK and US Occupational Issues, 16th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, Munster, Germany, Oral presentation. 2016
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WRktSEAzqUI, https://twitter.com/coe/status/996024853269491713, Council of Europe (Deep Dive Interview) Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity: Transgender Police and Work Rights.
Panter, H. (2016). I was a white police officer in the US – I know how deep the crisis of racism is. The Conversation. [online] Available at: https://theconversation.com/i-was-a-white-police-officer-in-the-us-i-know-how-deep-the-crisis-of-racism-is-62377..
Panter, H. (2016). You’re rarely safe being LGBT+ in the American South – even from the police. The Conversation. [online] Available at: https://theconversation.com/youre-rarely-safe-being-lgbt-in-the-american-south-even-from-the-police-61032..