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School of Law

Prof Carlo Panara

Prof Carlo Panara

Telephone: 0151 231 3649

ORCID

Biography

Carlo is Professor of Comparative Public Law. He joined Liverpool John Moores University in January 2010, after teaching at the University of Hull (2006-09) and at the University of Perugia, Italy (2001-06). He is Research and REF2021 Co-ordinator for the School of Law. He leads the School of Law's postgraduate research programmes. Since 2015 he chairs the Faculty Research Degrees Committee for the Faculty of Arts, Professional and Social Studies. From January 2014 to the end of June 2015 Carlo was a Senior Research Fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation at the University of Tubingen, Germany. Carlo is the author of two monographs and of a number of journal articles and of other publications in several languages in the field of EU Law and Comparative Public Law. Carlo's areas of interest are multi-level governance in the EU and the identity of the EU as a global actor. Carlo's more recent research is concerned with lobbying in the EU and particularly with the role of the European (Brussels based) offices of the English local authorities (British Academy/Leverhulme Trust funded project 2016-17). Since September 2016 Carlo leads the interdisciplinary LJMU Research Network "Geopolitics, Law and International Relations".

Languages

Italian
English
German

Degrees

University of Hull, UK, Postgraduate Certificate in Higher Education
Università degli Studi di Perugia, Italy, Dottorato di Ricerca in Diritto Pubblico
Università degli Studi di Perugia, Italy, Laurea Magistrale in Giurisprudenza (110/110 summa cum laude)

Academic appointments

Professor of Comparative Public Law, School of Law, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, 2017 - present
Research Fellow (Experienced Researcher) of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (on secondment from LJMU), Juristische Fakultät, Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen, 2014 - 2015
Reader in EU Law and Comparative Public Law, School of Law, Liverpool John Moores University, 2013 - present
Senior Lecturer in EU/Public Law, School of Law, Liverpool John Moores University, 2010 - 2013
Lecturer in Law, Law School, The University of Hull, 2006 - 2009
Research Fellow of the DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst), Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht, Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst - DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service), 2004 - 2006
Research Fellow of the Istituto Pio della Sapienza, Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht, Università degli Studi di Perugia, 2003 - 2003
Research Fellow of the Associazione di studi e ricerche parlamentari, Faculties of Law and Political Science, University of Florence, 2003 - 2003
Teaching & Research Assistant, Constitutional Law, Università degli Studi di Perugia, 2001 - 2006

Publications

Highlighted publications

Panara C. 2016. The Contribution of Local and Regional Authorities to a 'Good' System of Governance within the EU Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, 23 DOI Public Url

Panara C. 2012. Peaceful Coexistence Wolfrum R. Encyclopaedia of Public International Law 8 :185-193 978-0-19-929168-7

Panara C. 2010. In the Name of Cooperation: The External Relations of the German Lander and Their Participation in the EU Decision-Making EUROPEAN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW REVIEW, 6 :59-83 DOI Author Url

Panara C. The Sub-national Dimension of the EU: A Legal Study of Multi-Level Governance Springer Verlag. Berlin and Heidelberg 978-3-319-14588-4 DOI

Panara C, Varney M. Promoting ´openness´ and ´closeness´ of the EU to the citizen: preliminary thoughts on how to enhance the role of Merseyside Brussels Office in ´bringing Europe home´ Promoting ´openness´ and ´closeness´ of the EU to the citizen: preliminary thoughts on how to enhance the role of Merseyside Brussels Office in ´bringing Europe home´

Panara C. The Contribution of Local Self-government to Constitutionalism in the Member States and in the EU Multilayered System of Governance Panara C, Varney M. Local Government in Europe - The 'fourth level' in the EU multilayered system of governance :369-416 Routledge. Abingdon 9780415580007

Panara C. Back to the Basics of Fundamental Rights: An Appraisal of State-Imposed Symbols in Light of the ECHR and of Italian Constitutional Law Temperman J. The Lautsi Papers – Multidisciplinary Reflections on Religious Symbols in the Public School Classroom BRILL/Martinus Nijhoff. Boston/NY

Panara C, De Becker A. The Role of the Regions in the European Union: The 'Regional Blindness' of Both the EU and the Member States Panara C, De Becker A. The Role of the Regions in EU Governance :297-346 Springer. Heidelberg 9783642119026 DOI

Panara C. Lautsi v. Italy: The Display of Religious symbols by the State European Public Law, 17 :139-168 Publisher Url

Panara C. Die offene Staatlichkeit - Italien von Bogdandy A, Huber PM, Cruz Villalón P. Handbuch Ius Publicum Europaeum II :143-176 C.F. Müller Verlag. Heidelberg

Panara C. La delimitazione delle sfere di competenza del Bund e dei Länder nella giurisprudenza del Bundesverfassungsgericht tra "dogmi" superati ed assenza di una "teoria generale" Diritto pubblico comparato ed europeo, IX :1527-1546

Panara C. Il rapporto tra il finanziamento pubblico dei partiti politici ed il principio di uguaglianza delle chances: i casi tedesco ed italiano Diritto pubblico comparato ed europeo, VIII :183-200

Panara C. I dilemmi del dopo 11 settembre: l´abbattimento "preventivo" degli aerei usati per attacchi suicidi è compatibile con la tutela costituzionale del diritto alla vita? Una risposta parzialmente negativa viene dal Bundesverfassungsgericht Giurisprudenza costituzionale, LI :285-299

Panara C. Religious Symbol or Something Else? The Legal and Political Signification of the Crucifix in Italy from the Unification of the Country (1861) to the Present Day Bhuiyan MJH, Jensen D. Law and Religion in the Liberal State Hart Publishing

Panara C. The Enforceability of Subsidiarity in the EU and the Ethos of Cooperative Federalism European Public Law, 22 :305-331 Public Url

Panara C. Multi-Level Governance as a Constitu-tional Principle in the EU Legal System Croatian and Comparative Public Administration, 16 :705-741 Public Url

Panara C, Varney M. Multi-Level Governance in the EU and EU Democracy: Democratic Legitimacy, Democratic Accountability and Transparency of the European Offices of the English Local Authorities in Brussels Regional and Federal Studies, 27 DOI Public Url

Panara C. The ‘Europe with the Regions’ Before the Court of Justice Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, 26 DOI Public Url

Report

Panara C, Varney M. 2016. A Study on the Transparency and Accountability of the European Offices of the English Local Authorities in Brussels: Synthesising and Developing Good Practice – Draft good practice guidance A Study on the Transparency and Accountability of the European Offices of the English Local Authorities in Brussels: Synthesising and Developing Good Practice – Draft good practice guidance

Panara C, Varney M. Promoting ´openness´ and ´closeness´ of the EU to the citizen: preliminary thoughts on how to enhance the role of Merseyside Brussels Office in ´bringing Europe home´ Promoting ´openness´ and ´closeness´ of the EU to the citizen: preliminary thoughts on how to enhance the role of Merseyside Brussels Office in ´bringing Europe home´

Panara C, Attanasi A, Lenzi E, Placidi V, Rando R. L’attuazione del nuovo Titolo V della Costituzione italiana nelle aree legislative dell’agricoltura, della sanità, della finanza pubblica, delle infrastrutture e dell’energia L’attuazione del nuovo Titolo V della Costituzione italiana nelle aree legislative dell’agricoltura, della sanità, della finanza pubblica, delle infrastrutture e dell’energia

Journal article

Panara C. 2016. The Contribution of Local and Regional Authorities to a 'Good' System of Governance within the EU Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, 23 DOI Public Url

Panara C. 2012. La participación de los länder alemanes en el proceso de toma de decisiones de la UE Revista CIDOB d’Afers Internacionals, :25-38

Panara C. 2012. Back to the basics of fundamental rights: An appraisal of the grand chamber's judgment in lautsi in light of the echr and Italian constitutional law Studies in Religion, Secular Beliefs and Human Rights, 11 :301-325

Panara C. 2010. In the Name of Cooperation: The External Relations of the German Lander and Their Participation in the EU Decision-Making EUROPEAN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW REVIEW, 6 :59-83 DOI Author Url

Panara C. 2009. 9/11 Scenarios and the Question of the Foundation of the Democratic State: The State for the Human Person or the Human Person for the State? PLURALIST, 4 :82-90 DOI Author Url

Panara C. 2005. Germania: la crisi di governo in corso, in: Forum di Quaderni costituzionali Forum di Quaderni costituzionali,

Panara C. Another defeat for the principle of secularism: Recent developments on the display of the crucifix in Italian courtrooms Religion and Human Rights, 6 :259-265 DOI

Panara C. In the name of God: State and religion in contemporary Italy Religion and Human Rights, 6 :75-104 DOI

Panara C. Lautsi v. Italy: The Display of Religious symbols by the State European Public Law, 17 :139-168 Publisher Url

Panara C. I poteri impliciti nel federalismo tedesco del Grundgesetz Quaderni costituzionali, XXVIII :425-450

Panara C. The German Länder in the Process of European Integration between Föderalismusreform and Reform Treaty European Public Law, 14 :585-614

Panara C, Varney M. Una breve introduzione sull´origine e l´evoluzione della devolution e del decentramento politico ed amministrativo nel Regno Unito Nuove autonomie, 7 :193-197

Panara C. Il diritto internazionale nell´ordinamento interno: quid iuris? federalismi.it, V

Panara C. La delimitazione delle sfere di competenza del Bund e dei Länder nella giurisprudenza del Bundesverfassungsgericht tra "dogmi" superati ed assenza di una "teoria generale" Diritto pubblico comparato ed europeo, IX :1527-1546

Panara C. Il rapporto tra il finanziamento pubblico dei partiti politici ed il principio di uguaglianza delle chances: i casi tedesco ed italiano Diritto pubblico comparato ed europeo, VIII :183-200

Panara C. I dilemmi del dopo 11 settembre: l´abbattimento "preventivo" degli aerei usati per attacchi suicidi è compatibile con la tutela costituzionale del diritto alla vita? Una risposta parzialmente negativa viene dal Bundesverfassungsgericht Giurisprudenza costituzionale, LI :285-299

Panara C. I vincoli derivanti dall´ordinamento comunitario cinque anni dopo: quid novi? Quaderni costituzionali, 26 :796-799

Panara C. The Enforceability of Subsidiarity in the EU and the Ethos of Cooperative Federalism European Public Law, 22 :305-331 Public Url

Panara C. Multi-Level Governance as a Constitu-tional Principle in the EU Legal System Croatian and Comparative Public Administration, 16 :705-741 Public Url

Panara C, Varney M. Multi-Level Governance in the EU and EU Democracy: Democratic Legitimacy, Democratic Accountability and Transparency of the European Offices of the English Local Authorities in Brussels Regional and Federal Studies, 27 DOI Public Url

Panara C. The ‘Europe with the Regions’ Before the Court of Justice Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, 26 DOI Public Url

Chapters

Panara C, Varney M. 2013. The Local Government in the EU Multi-Layered System of Governance Panara C, Varney M. Local Government in Europe: The ‘Fourth Level’ in the EU Multi-Layered System of Governance :xvii-xxii Routledge. London 978-0-415-58000-7

Panara C. 2012. Peaceful Coexistence Wolfrum R. Encyclopaedia of Public International Law 8 :185-193 978-0-19-929168-7

Panara C. 2012. Casamance Conflict Wolfrum R. Encyclopaedia of Public International Law 1 :1143-1153 Oxford University Press. Oxford 978-0-19-929168-7

Panara C. 2011. Chapter 6 Germany: A cooperative solution to the challenge of the European integration The Role of the Regions in EU Governance :133-156 9783642119026 DOI

Panara C. 2009. Principles and Values of the Common Foreign and Security Policy: What’s the Legal ‘Soul’ of the Second Pillar of the EU? Frenkel DA, Gerner-Beuerle C. Challenges of the Law in a Permeable World :193-204 ATINER. Athens 978-9-606-67253-8

Panara C. The Contribution of Local Self-government to Constitutionalism in the Member States and in the EU Multilayered System of Governance Panara C, Varney M. Local Government in Europe - The 'fourth level' in the EU multilayered system of governance :369-416 Routledge. Abingdon 9780415580007

Panara C. Back to the Basics of Fundamental Rights: An Appraisal of State-Imposed Symbols in Light of the ECHR and of Italian Constitutional Law Temperman J. The Lautsi Papers – Multidisciplinary Reflections on Religious Symbols in the Public School Classroom BRILL/Martinus Nijhoff. Boston/NY

Panara C, De Becker A. The Role of the Regions in the European Union: The 'Regional Blindness' of Both the EU and the Member States Panara C, De Becker A. The Role of the Regions in EU Governance :297-346 Springer. Heidelberg 9783642119026 DOI

Panara C. Die offene Staatlichkeit - Italien von Bogdandy A, Huber PM, Cruz Villalón P. Handbuch Ius Publicum Europaeum II :143-176 C.F. Müller Verlag. Heidelberg

Panara C. Deconstructing and Reconstructing Good Governance in Relation to Regional and Local Participation in EU Decision-Making Processes Abels G, Battke J. Regional Governance in the EU: Regions and the Future of Europe Edward Elgar

Panara C. Religious Symbol or Something Else? The Legal and Political Signification of the Crucifix in Italy from the Unification of the Country (1861) to the Present Day Bhuiyan MJH, Jensen D. Law and Religion in the Liberal State Hart Publishing

Panara C. Concept and Role of Local Self-Government in the Contemporary European State Sadioglu U, Dede K. Handbook of Research on Comparative Politics and Reformation in Local Governments :42-84 IGI Global 9781522503170

Book

Panara C. 2013. The 'Arab spring': Constitutionalism and international law 82 :ix-xi 9789004230415

Panara C. The Sub-national Dimension of the EU: A Legal Study of Multi-Level Governance Springer Verlag. Berlin and Heidelberg 978-3-319-14588-4 DOI

Panara C. Il federalismo tedesco della Legge Fondamentale dalla cooperazione alla competizione Aracne. Rome

Book review

Panara C. Ugo De Siervo (ed.), Costituzionalizzare l´Europa ieri ed oggi, Bologna, il Mulino, 2001 Teoria del Diritto e dello Stato, 2003 :377-378

Engagement & Impact

External collaboration:

Korea Legislation Research Institute, Dr Hun-min Park. 2015

University of Perugia, Dr Daniele David. 2015

Hacettepe University, Turkey, Dr Ugur Sadioglu and Dr Kadir Dedi. 2015

Free University Brussels, Prof. Dr. Alexander De Becker. 2008

Hull University, Michael Varney. 2008

Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht, Heidelberg, Germany, Prof. Dr. Armin von Bogdandy. 2006

Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht, Heidelberg, Germany, Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Wolfrum. 2006

External PGR examinations performed:

Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, PhD. 2015

Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Italy, PhD. 2013

Industrial connections:

Offices and representations of the English local authorities in Brussels, Research on the role of these offices in EU law-making and on accountability and transparency of these organisations. Linked to the following activities: - Research report to the Merseyside Brussels Office: C. Panara and M. Varney "Promoting openness and closeness of the EU to the citizen: preliminary thoughts on how to enhance the role of Merseyside Brussels Office in bringing Europe home" (Sept 2014). - Monograph "The Sub-national Dimension of the EU" (Springer: 2015). - Conference paper 45th Annual UACES Conference, Bilbao, Sept 2015. Title of paper: "Democratising Multi-Level Governance in the EU by Promoting Democratic Legitimacy, Accountability and Transparency of the European Offices of the English Local Authorities in Brussels" (with M. Varney). - British Academy Small Grant application (Oct 2015 - still pending).. 2014

Fellowships:

Forschungsstipendium für erfahrene Wissenschaftler (Research Fellowship for Experienced Researchers), Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung (Alexander von Humboldt Foundation). 2014

Post-Doc Research Fellowship of the German Academic Exchange Service, Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD). 2005

Research Fellowship of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD). 2004

Research Fellow of the Istituto Pio della Sapienza, Istituto Pio della Sapienza, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Italy. 2003

Research Fellow of the Houses of the Italian Parliament, Italian Parliament. 2003

Conference organisation:

The EU five years after the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, Organiser. 2013

The Arab Spring, Co-organiser along with Dr Gary Wilson. 2011

Teaching qualification:

PGCertHE. 2009