Prof Gaetano Pentassuglia

School of Law

Dr Pentassuglia is one of the new research-focused Chairs at Liverpool John Moores University School of Law, where he is a Full Professor of International Law. Prior to joining LJMU, he taught for nearly sixteen years at the University of Liverpool and, before that, for several years at the University of Munich. He teaches international law and human rights.

An international lawyer by education, Professor Pentassuglia is best known globally for his work on group accommodation, minority protection and self-determination in international law. His book Minorities in International Law, 2002 rapidly became (and is still today) a classic title in the field. Professor Pentassuglia has authored approximately fifty publications, including four monographs, four edited collections, one multi-authored guide and several articles in prestigious legal journals. His latest volume includes a major collection of essays on Ethno-Cultural Diversity and Human Rights: Challenges and Critiques, published by Martinus Nijhoff in 2018.

Professor Pentassuglia has been a Fernand Braudel Senior Fellow at the European University Institute in Florence and has taught as a visiting professor at the University of Toronto, University of Palermo, Academy of European Law, EUI, and University of Deusto, among other institutions. Professor Pentassuglia has been the recipient of various research awards over the course of two decades, including major postdoctoral fellowships, such as the prestigious Marie Curie Fellowship (which he received twice), and other funded research positions at highly regarded research institutions.

He is co-Editor of the International Journal on Minority and Group Rights and serves on the advisory boards of Europa Ethnica and Human Rights and Identity. He has acted as expert for international and nongovernmental institutions, most recently for the OSCE (with which he retains an active link), and is a former member of the International Law Association Committee on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. He is also a frequent contributor to online magazines and discussion forums.

Professor Pentassuglia welcomes strong proposals for doctoral and post-doctoral research in any area sitting at the intersection of group accommodation and international law (theory and practice).

Journal article

Pentassuglia G. 2022. Effective Minority Participation as a Balancing Act: What Role for the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities? OSCE Insights, 2021 :1-14 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Pentassuglia G. 2020. Assessing the Consistency of Kurdish Democratic Autonomy with International Human Rights Law Nordic Journal of International Law, 29 :168-208 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Pentassuglia G. 2017. Self-Determination, Human Rights, and the Nation-State: Revisiting Group Claims through a Complex Nexus in International Law International Community Law Review, 2017/1 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Pentassuglia G. Sovereignty and Minorities: Towards Reshaping Postcolonial National Identities? Nordic Journal of International Law, 2021/90 :526-533 DOI

Pentassuglia G. Ethnocultural Diversity and Human Rights: Legal Categories, Claims, and the Hybridity of Group Protection Yearbook of Polar Law, 2015/6 :250-317 DOI

Pentassuglia G. Towards a Jurisprudential Articulation of Indigenous Land Rights European Journal of International law, 2011/22 :165-202 DOI

Pentassuglia G. The EU and the Protection of Minorities: The Case of Eastern Europe European Journal of International Law, 2001/12 :3-38 Publisher Url

Pentassuglia G. The Strasbourg Court and Minority Groups: Shooting in the Dark or a New Interpretive Ethos International Journal of Minority and Group Rights, 2012/19 :1-23


Pentassuglia G. 2019. Group Identities and Human Rights: How Do We Square the Circle in International Law? Biro' A-M. Populism, Memory, and Minority Rights: Central and Eastern European Issues in Global Perspective :281-310 Martinus Nijhoff Publishers DOI

Pentassuglia G. 2018. Do Human Rights Have Anything to Say about Group Autonomy? Pentassuglia G. Ethno-Cultural Diversity and Human Rights : Challenges and Critiques :125-167 Martinus Nijhoff Publishers DOI

Pentassuglia G. 2018. Introduction: The Unpacking of Ethno-Cultural Diversity Pentassuglia G. Ethno-Cultural Diversity and Human Rights: Challenges and Critiques :1-25 Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

Pentassuglia G. 2013. Protecting Minority Groups through Human Rights Courts: The Interpretive Role of the European and Inter-American Jurisprudence Vrdoljak A. The Cultural Dimension of Human Rights :73-116 Oxford University Press Publisher Url


Pentassuglia G. 2018. Ethno-Cultural Diversity and Human Rights: Challenges and Critiques Pentassuglia G. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers Publisher Url

Pentassuglia G. 2009. Minority Groups and Judicial Discourse in International Law: A Comparative Perspective Martinus Nijhoff Publishers Publisher Url

Pentassuglia G. 2002. Minorities in International Law Council of Europe Publishing Publisher Url

Pentassuglia G. 2000. Defining "Minority" in International Law: A Critical Appraisal Juridica Lapponica No. 21, Lapland’s University Press

Pentassuglia G. 1996. La rilevanza dell’obiezione persistente nel diritto internazionale Laterza Publisher Url


Pentassuglia G, Guliyeva G, Barelli M, Errico S. 2011. Minority Groups and Litigation: A Review of Developments in International and European Jurisprudence Publisher Url