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Jennifer Graham

School of Law

Faculty of Business and Law

Jennifer completed both her LLB and LLM at Liverpool John Moores University, and is now completing her PhD here also. Whilst completing her doctoral studies Jennifer began teaching at LJMU as a sessional lecturer, delivering a range of Law subjects across both undergraduate and postgraduate programmes. Since then, Jennifer has worked as a Senior Cybersecurity Policy Advisor at the UK's Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, and as a Lecturer in Law at the University of Salford.

Jennifer's PhD thesis and research interests focus on the regulation of artificial intelligence, including the ethical and legal implications of its use. She has presented papers at conferences on this subject and is published in this area. She has also acted as a co-investigator on the Greater Manchester AI-Foundry Project.


2018, Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom, LL.M
2017, Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom, LL.B
Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom, Ph.D in Law

Academic appointments

Lecturer in Law (Legal Technology), Liverpool John Moores University, 2022 - present
Lecturer in Law, University of Salford, 2021 - 2022
Lecturer in Law (Fixed-Term), Liverpool John Moores University, 2019 - 2020
Sessional Lecturer, Liverpool John Moores University, 2018 - 2019


Graham J. 2023. Innovation vs. Safety: A critical examination of regulatory approaches to artificial intelligence Lui A, Hussain A. Public Url

Book review

Graham J. 2022. Defences to Copyright Infringement: Creativity, Innovation and Freedom on the Internet International Journal of Law and Information Technology, DOI Publisher Url

Books (authored)

Lui A. 2021. FinTech, Artificial Intelligence and the Law: Regulation and Crime Prevention Lui A, Ryder N. Routledge 9780367897659 DOI Publisher Url