Liverpool Skyline

Astrophysics Research Institute

Dr Robert Crain

Biography

I am a Reader in Theoretical Astrophysics based at the Astrophysics Research Institute (ARI) of Liverpool John Moores University. I am currently supported by a Royal Society University Research Fellowship.

My research focusses on the formation of galaxies, and their dynamic co-evolution with their gaseous environments. Most commonly, I approach these studies using large-scale hydrodynamical simulations of galaxy populations, conducted on world-leading supercomputing facilities. These ‘synthetic universes’ are evolved over 14 billion years of cosmic history, from the Big Bang to the present day. They are the astrophysicist’s analogue of laboratory experiments; they enable us to study the complex processes that shape the properties of galaxies and their environments, and that ultimately govern the nature of the galaxy population we observe around us.

I am a core member of the EAGLE (Evolution and Assembly of GaLaxies and their Environments) project, and have thus played a leading role in the development, execution and analysis of the current state-of-the-art suite of galaxy formation simulations. Between 2015 and 2017, the project has yielded over 80 publications, including 2015's most-cited astrophysics publication world-wide. EAGLE was named Research Project of the Year at the Educate North awards in April 2016, and highly commended by the Times Higher Education awards in November 2016. For our research using the EAGLE simulations at the ARI, Ian McCarthy and I were awarded the 2016 Vice Chancellor's Excellence Award for Research.

I am also centrally involved in the E-MOSAICS project, which incorporates models of globular cluster formation and evolution into a a truly cosmological framework, and QSAGE, a large Hubble Space Telescope survey that seeks to unveil the role of supermassive blackholes in regulating the growth of galaxies.

I am currently a visitor at the Kavli Institute for Cosmology, University of Cambridge, and a member of the Astronomy and Cosmology panel of the DiRAC national supercomputing facility.

My personal homepage is located at http://www.astro.ljmu.ac.uk/~astrcrai.

Languages

English

Degrees

2008, Durham University, United Kingdom, PhD
2004, Durham University, United Kingdom, MSci

Publications

Highlighted publications

Schaye J, Crain RA, Bower RG, Furlong M, Schaller M, Theuns T, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, McCarthy IG, Helly JC, Jenkins A, Rosas-Guevara YM, White SDM, Baes M, Booth CM, Camps P, Navarro JF, Qu Y, Rahmati A, Sawala T, Thomas PA, Trayford J. 2015. The EAGLE project: simulating the evolution and assembly of galaxies and their environments MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 446 :521-554 >DOI >Link

Crain RA, Schaye J, Bower RG, Furlong M, Schaller M, Theuns T, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, McCarthy IG, Helly JC, Jenkins A, Rosas-Guevara YM, White SDM, Trayford JW. 2015. The EAGLE simulations of galaxy formation: calibration of subgrid physics and model variations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 450 :1937-1961 >DOI >Link

Crain RA, McCarthy IG, Frenk CS, Theuns T, Schaye J. 2010. X-ray coronae in simulations of disc galaxy formation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 407 :1403-1422 >DOI >Link

Crain RA, Theuns T, Vecchia CD, Eke VR, Frenk CS, Jenkins A, Kay ST, Peacock JA, Pearce FR, Schaye J, Springel V, Thomas PA, White SDM, Wiersma RPC. 2009. Galaxies-intergalactic medium interaction calculation - I. Galaxy formation as a function of large-scale environment MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 399 :1773-1794 >DOI >Link

Crain RA, Eke VR, Frenk CS, Jenkins A, McCarthy IG, Navarro JF, Pearce FR. 2007. The baryon fraction of Lambda CDM haloes MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 377 :41-49 >DOI >Link

Journal Articles

Correa CA, Schaye J, Wyithe JSB, Duffy AR, Theuns T, Crain RA, Bower RG. 2018. The formation of hot gaseous haloes around galaxies MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 473 :538-559 >DOI >Link

Tescari E, Cortese L, Power C, Wyithe JSB, Ho I-T, Crain RA, Bland-Hawthorn J, Croom SM, Kewley LJ, Schaye J, Bower RG, Theuns T, Schaller M, Barnes L, Brough S, Bryant JJ, Goodwin M, Gunawardhana MLP, Lawrence JS, Leslie SK, Lopez-Sanchez AR, Lorente NPF, Medling AM, Richards SN, Sweet SM, Tonini C. 2018. The SAMI Galaxy Survey: understanding observations of large-scale outflows at low redshift with EAGLE simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 473 :380-397 >DOI >Link

Turner ML, Schaye J, Crain RA, Rudie G, Steidel CC, Strom A, Theuns T. 2017. A comparison of observed and simulated absorption from HI, C IV, and Si IV around z approximate to 2 star-forming galaxies suggests redshift-space distortions are due to inflows MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 471 :690-705 >DOI >Link

Barnes DJ, Kay ST, Bahé YM, Vecchia CD, McCarthy IG, Schaye J, Bower RG, Jenkins A, Thomas PA, Schaller M, Crain RA, Theuns T, White SDM. 2017. The Cluster-EAGLE project: global properties of simulated clusters with resolved galaxies Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, >DOI

Trayford JW, Camps P, Theuns T, Baes M, Bower RG, Crain RA, Gunawardhana MLP, Schaller M, Schaye J, Frenk CS. 2017. Optical colours and spectral indices of z = 0.1 eagle galaxies with the 3D dust radiative transfer code skirt Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 470 :771-799 >DOI

Swinbank M, Harrison C, Trayford J, Schaller M, Smail I, Schaye J, Theuns T, Smit R, Alexander D, Bacon R, Bower R, Contini T, Crain R, Breuck CD, Decarli R, Epinat B, Fumagalli M, Furlong M, Galametz A, Johnson H, Lagos C, Richard J, Vernet J, Sharples R, Sobral D, Stott J. 2017. Angular momentum evolution of galaxies over the past 10-Gyr: A MUSE and KMOS dynamical survey of 400 star-forming galaxies from z=0.3-1.7 Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, >Link

Benitez-Llambay A, Navarro JF, Frenk CS, Sawala T, Oman K, Fattahi A, Schaller M, Schaye J, Crain RA, Theuns T. 2017. The properties of 'dark' ACDM haloes in the Local Group MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 465 :3913-3926 >DOI >Link

Algorry DG, Navarro JF, Abadi MG, Sales LV, Bower RG, Crain RA, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2017. Barred galaxies in the EAGLE cosmological hydrodynamical simulation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 469 :1054-1064 >DOI >Link

Desmond H, Mao Y-Y, Wechsler RH, Crain RA, Schaye J. 2017. On the galaxy-halo connection in the EAGLE simulation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 471 :L11-L15 >DOI >Link

Qu Y, Helly JC, Bower RG, Theuns T, Crain RA, Frenk CS, Furlong M, McAlpine S, Schaller M, Schaye J, White SDM. 2017. A chronicle of galaxy mass assembly in the EAGLE simulation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 464 :1659-1675 >DOI >Link

Sales LV, Navarro JF, Oman K, Fattahi A, Ferrero I, Abadi M, Bower R, Crain RA, Frenk CS, Sawala T, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T, White SDM. 2017. The low-mass end of the baryonic Tully-Fisher relation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 464 :2419-2428 >DOI >Link

Crain RA, Bahe YM, Lagos CDP, Rahmati A, Schaye J, McCarthy IG, Marasco A, Bower RG, Schaller M, Theuns T, van der Hulst T. 2017. The EAGLE simulations: atomic hydrogen associated with galaxies MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 464 :4204-4226 >DOI >Link

Ferrero I, Navarro JF, Abadi MG, Sales LV, Bower RG, Crain RA, Frenk CS, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2017. Size matters: abundance matching, galaxy sizes, and the Tully-Fisher relation in EAGLE MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 464 :4736-4746 >DOI >Link

Furlong M, Bower RG, Crain RA, Schaye J, Theuns T, Trayford JW, Qu Y, Schaller M, Berthet M, Helly JC. 2017. Size evolution of normal and compact galaxies in the EAGLE simulation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 465 :722-738 >DOI >Link

Starkenburg E, Oman KA, Navarro JF, Crain RA, Fattahi A, Frenk CS, Sawala T, Schaye J. 2017. The oldest and most metal-poor stars in the APOSTLE Local Group simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 465 :2212-2224 >DOI >Link

Matthee J, Schaye J, Crain RA, Schaller M, Bower R, Theuns T. 2017. The origin of scatter in the stellar mass-halo mass relation of central galaxies in the EAGLE simulation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 465 :2381-2396 >DOI >Link

van de Voort F, Bahe YM, Bower RG, Correa CA, Crain RA, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2017. The environmental dependence of gas accretion on to galaxies: quenching satellites through starvation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 466 :3460-3471 >DOI >Link

Bahe YM, Schaye J, Crain RA, McCarthy IG, Bower RG, Theuns T, Mcgee SL, Trayford JW. 2017. The origin of the enhanced metallicity of satellite galaxies MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 464 :508-529 >DOI >Link

Lovell MR, Bose S, Boyarsky A, Crain RA, Frenk CS, Hellwing WA, Ludlow AD, Navarro JF, Ruchayskiy O, Sawala T, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2017. Properties of Local Group galaxies in hydrodynamical simulations of sterile neutrino dark matter cosmologies MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 468 :4285-4298 >DOI >Link

Ludlow AD, Benitez-Liambay A, Schaller M, Theuns T, Frenk CS, Bower R, Schaye J, Crain RA, Navarro JF, Fattahi A, Oman KA. 2017. Mass-Discrepancy Acceleration Relation: A Natural Outcome of Galaxy Formation in Cold Dark Matter Halos PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 118 >DOI >Link

Bower RG, Schaye J, Frenk CS, Theuns T, Schaller M, Crain RA, McAlpine S. 2017. The dark nemesis of galaxy formation: why hot haloes trigger black hole growth and bring star formation to an end MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 465 :32-44 >DOI >Link

Sharma M, Theuns T, Frenk C, Bower RG, Crain RA, Schaller M, Schaye J. 2017. Winds of change: reionization by starburst galaxies MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 468 :2176-2188 >DOI >Link

Norris MA, Van de Ven G, Schinnerer E, Crain RA, Meidt S, Groves B, Bower RG, Furlong M, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2016. BEING WISE II: REDUCING THE INFLUENCE OF STAR FORMATION HISTORY ON THE MASS-TO-LIGHT RATIO OF QUIESCENT GALAXIES ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 832 >DOI >Link

Segers MC, Schaye J, Bower RG, Crain RA, Schaller M, Theuns T. 2016. The origin of the alpha-enhancement of massive galaxies MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 461 :L102-L106 >DOI >Link

Li J-T, Bregman JN, Wang QD, Crain RA, Anderson ME. 2016. THE CIRCUM-GALACTIC MEDIUM OF MASSIVE SPIRALS. I. AN OVERVIEW AND A CASE STUDY OF NGC 5908 ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 830 >DOI >Link

Turner ML, Schaye J, Crain RA, Theuns T, Wendt M. 2016. Observations of metals in the z approximate to 3.5 intergalactic medium and comparison to the EAGLE simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 462 :2440-2464 >DOI >Link

Chaves-Montero J, Angulo RE, Schaye J, Schaller M, Crain RA, Furlong M, Theuns T. 2016. Subhalo abundance matching and assembly bias in the EAGLE simulation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 460 :3100-3118 >DOI >Link

Marasco A, Crain RA, Schaye J, Bahe YM, van der Hulst T, Theuns T, Bower RG. 2016. The environmental dependence of H I in galaxies in the EAGLE simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 461 :2630-2649 >DOI >Link

Guo Q, Gonzalez-Perez V, Guo Q, Schaller M, Furlong M, Bower RG, Cole S, Crain RA, Frenk CS, Helly JC, Lacey CG, Lagos CDP, Mitchell P, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2016. Galaxies in the EAGLE hydrodynamical simulation and in the Durham and Munich semi-analytical models MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 461 :3457-3482 >DOI >Link

Shao S, Cautun M, Frenk CS, Gao L, Crain RA, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2016. Alignments between galaxies, satellite systems and haloes MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 460 :3772-3783 >DOI >Link

Zavala J, Frenk CS, Bower R, Schaye J, Theuns T, Crain RA, Trayford JW, Schaller M, Furlong M. 2016. The link between the assembly of the inner dark matter halo and the angular momentum evolution of galaxies in the EAGLE simulation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 460 :4466-4482 >DOI >Link

Oppenheimer BD, Crain RA, Schaye J, Rahmati A, Richings AJ, Trayford JW, Tumlinson J, Bower RG, Schaller M, Theuns T. 2016. Bimodality of low-redshift circumgalactic O vi in non-equilibrium eagle zoom simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 460 :2157-2179 >DOI >Link

Bozorgnia N, Calore F, Schaller M, Lovell M, Bertone G, Frenk CS, Crain RA, Navarro JF, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2016. Simulated Milky Way analogues: implications for dark matter direct searches JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS, >DOI >Link

Rahmati A, Schaye J, Crain RA, Oppenheimer BD, Schaller M, Theuns T. 2016. Cosmic distribution of highly ionized metals and their physical conditions in the EAGLE simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 459 :310-332 >DOI >Link

Sharma M, Theuns T, Frenk C, Bower R, Crain R, Schaller M, Schaye J. 2016. The brighter galaxies reionized the Universe MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 458 :L94-L98 >DOI >Link

Segers MC, Crain RA, Schaye J, Bower RG, Furlong M, Schaller M, Theuns T. 2016. Recycled stellar ejecta as fuel for star formation and implications for the origin of the galaxy mass-metallicity relation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 456 :1235-1258 >DOI >Link

Fattahi A, Navarro JF, Sawala T, Frenk CS, Oman KA, Crain RA, Furlong M, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T, Jenkins A. 2016. The APOSTLE project: Local Group kinematic mass constraints and simulation candidate selection MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 457 :844-856 >DOI >Link

Hellwing WA, Schaller M, Frenk CS, Theuns T, Schaye J, Bower RG, Crain RA. 2016. The effect of baryons on redshift space distortions and cosmic density and velocity fields in the EAGLE simulation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 461 :L11-L15 >DOI >Link

Trayford JW, Theuns T, Bower RG, Crain RA, Lagos CDP, Schaller M, Schaye J. 2016. It is not easy being green: the evolution of galaxy colour in the EAGLE simulation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 460 :3925-3939 >DOI >Link

Barber C, Schaye J, Bower RG, Crain RA, Schaller M, Theuns T. 2016. The origin of compact galaxies with anomalously high black hole masses MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 460 :1147-1161 >DOI >Link

Salcido J, Bower RG, Theuns T, McAlpine S, Schaller M, Crain RA, Schaye J, Regan J. 2016. Music from the heavens - Gravitational waves from supermassive black hole mergers in the EAGLE simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 463 :870-885 >DOI >Link

Bahe YM, Crain RA, Kauffmann G, Bower RG, Schaye J, Furlong M, Lagos C, Schaller M, Trayford JW, Dalla Vecchia C, Theuns T. 2016. The distribution of atomic hydrogen in EAGLE galaxies: morphologies, profiles, and HI holes MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 456 :1115-1136 >DOI >Link

Sawala T, Frenk CS, Fattahi A, Navarro JF, Bower RG, Crain RA, Dalla Vecchia C, Furlong M, Helly JC, Jenkins A, Oman KA, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T, Trayford J, White SDM. 2016. The APOSTLE simulations: solutions to the Local Group's cosmic puzzles MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 457 :1931-1943 >DOI >Link

Lagos CDP, Theuns T, Schaye J, Furlong M, Bower RG, Schaller M, Crain RA, Trayford JW, Matthee J. 2016. The Fundamental Plane of star formation in galaxies revealed by the EAGLE hydrodynamical simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 459 :2632-2650 >DOI

McAlpine S, Helly JC, Schaller M, Trayford JW, Qu Y, Furlong M, Bower RG, Crain RA, Schaye J, Theuns T, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, McCarthy IG, Jenkins A, Rosas-Guevara Y, White SDM, Baes M, Camps P, Lemson G. 2016. The EAGLE simulations of galaxy formation: Public release of halo and galaxy catalogues ASTRONOMY AND COMPUTING, 15 :72-89 >DOI >Link

Schaller M, Frenk CS, Theuns T, Calore F, Bertone G, Bozorgnia N, Crain RA, Fattahi A, Navarro JF, Sawala T, Schaye J. 2016. Dark matter annihilation radiation in hydrodynamic simulations of Milky Way haloes MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 455 :4442-4451 >DOI >Link

Sawala T, Frenk CS, Fattahi A, Navarro JF, Theuns T, Bower RG, Crain RA, Furlong M, Jenkins A, Schaller M, Schaye J. 2016. The chosen few: the low-mass haloes that host faint galaxies MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 456 :85-97 >DOI >Link

Calore F, Bozorgnia N, Lovell M, Bertone G, Schaller M, Frenk CS, Crain RA, Schaye J, Theuns T, Trayford JW. 2015. Simulated Milky Way analogues: implications for dark matter indirect searches JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS, >DOI >Link

Velliscig M, Cacciato M, Schaye J, Hoekstra H, Bower RG, Crain RA, van Daalen MP, Furlong M, McCarthy IG, Schaller M, Theuns T. 2015. Intrinsic alignments of galaxies in the EAGLE and cosmo-OWLS simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 454 :3328-3340 >DOI >Link

Velliscig M, Cacciato M, Schaye J, Crain RA, Bower RG, van Daalen MP, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, Furlong M, McCarthy IG, Schaller M, Theuns T. 2015. The alignment and shape of dark matter, stellar, and hot gas distributions in the EAGLE and cosmo-OWLS simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 453 :721-738 >DOI >Link

Schaller M, Vecchia CD, Schaye J, Bower RG, Theuns T, Crain RA, Furlong M, McCarthy IG. 2015. The EAGLE simulations of galaxy formation: the importance of the hydrodynamics scheme Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, >Link

Rahmati A, Schaye J, Bower RG, Crain RA, Furlong M, Schaller M, Theuns T. 2015. The distribution of neutral hydrogen around high-redshift galaxies and quasars in the EAGLE simulation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 452 :2034-2056 >DOI >Link

Oman KA, Navarro JF, Fattahi A, Frenk CS, Sawala T, White SDM, Bower R, Crain RA, Furlong M, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2015. The unexpected diversity of dwarf galaxy rotation curves MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 452 :3650-3665 >DOI >Link

Schaller M, Frenk CS, Bower RG, Theuns T, Trayford J, Crain RA, Furlong M, Schaye J, Vecchia CD, McCarthy IG. 2015. The effect of baryons on the inner density profiles of rich clusters MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 452 :343-355 >DOI >Link

Trayford JW, Theuns T, Bower RG, Schaye J, Furlong M, Schaller M, Frenk CS, Crain RA, Dalla Vecchia C, McCarthy IG. 2015. Colours and luminosities of z=0.1 galaxies in the EAGLE simulation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 452 :2879-2896 >DOI >Link

Lagos CDP, Crain RA, Schaye J, Furlong M, Frenk CS, Bower RG, Schaller M, Theuns T, Trayford JW, Bahe YM, Dalla Vecchia C. 2015. Molecular hydrogen abundances of galaxies in the EAGLE simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 452 :3815-3837 >DOI >Link

Schaye J, Crain RA, Bower RG, Furlong M, Schaller M, Theuns T, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, McCarthy IG, Helly JC, Jenkins A, Rosas-Guevara YM, White SDM, Baes M, Booth CM, Camps P, Navarro JF, Qu Y, Rahmati A, Sawala T, Thomas PA, Trayford J. 2015. The EAGLE project: simulating the evolution and assembly of galaxies and their environments MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 446 :521-554 >DOI >Link

Furlong M, Bower RG, Theuns T, Schaye J, Crain RA, Schaller M, Vecchia CD, Frenk CS, McCarthy IG, Helly J, Jenkins A, Rosas-Guevara YM. 2015. Evolution of galaxy stellar masses and star formation rates in the EAGLE simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 450 :4486-4504 >DOI >Link

Crain RA, Schaye J, Bower RG, Furlong M, Schaller M, Theuns T, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, McCarthy IG, Helly JC, Jenkins A, Rosas-Guevara YM, White SDM, Trayford JW. 2015. The EAGLE simulations of galaxy formation: calibration of subgrid physics and model variations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 450 :1937-1961 >DOI >Link

Sawala T, Frenk CS, Fattahi A, Navarro JF, Bower RG, Crain RA, Dalla Vecchia C, Furlong M, Jenkins A, McCarthy IG, Qu Y, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2015. Bent by baryons: the low-mass galaxy-halo relation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 448 :2941-2947 >DOI >Link

Schaller M, Frenk CS, Bower RG, Theuns T, Jenkins A, Schaye J, Crain RA, Furlong M, Dalla Vecchia C, McCarthy IG. 2015. Baryon effects on the internal structure of Lambda CDM haloes in the EAGLE simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 451 :1247-1267 >DOI >Link

Rosas-Guevara YM, Bower RG, Schaye J, Furlong M, Frenk CS, Booth CM, Crain RA, Dalla Vecchia C, Schaller M, Theuns T. 2015. The impact of angular momentum on black hole accretion rates in simulations of galaxy formation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 454 :1038-1057 >DOI >Link

Metuki O, Libeskind NI, Hoffman Y, Crain RA, Theuns T. 2015. Galaxy properties and the cosmic web in simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 446 :1458-1468 >DOI >Link

Green AW, Glazebrook K, McGregor PJ, Damjanov I, Wisnioski E, Abraham RG, Colless M, Sharp RG, Crain RA, Poole GB, McCarthy PJ. 2014. DYNAMO - I. A sample of H alpha-luminous galaxies with resolved kinematics MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 437 :1070-1095 >DOI >Link

Li J-T, Crain RA, Wang QD. 2014. Chandra survey of nearby highly inclined disc galaxies - III. Comparison with hydrodynamical simulations of circumgalactic coronae MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 440 :859-869 >DOI >Link

Sawala T, Frenk CS, Crain RA, Jenkins A, Schaye J, Theuns T, Zavala J. 2013. The abundance of (not just) dark matter haloes MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 431 :1366-1382 >DOI >Link

Crain RA, McCarthy IG, Schaye J, Theuns T, Frenk CS. 2013. Enriching the hot circumgalactic medium MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 432 :3005-3024 >DOI >Link

Bower RG, Benson AJ, Crain RA. 2012. What Shapes the Galaxy Mass Function? Exploring the Roles of Supernova-Driven Winds and AGN \mnras, >DOI >Link

Swinbank AM, Sobral D, Smail I, Geach JE, Best PN, McCarthy IG, Crain RA, Theuns T. 2012. The properties of the star-forming interstellar medium at z=0.84-2.23 from HiZELS: mapping the internal dynamics and metallicity gradients in high-redshift disc galaxies MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 426 :935-950 >DOI >Link

Bahe YM, McCarthy IG, Crain RA, Theuns T. 2012. The competition between confinement and ram pressure and its implications for galaxies in groups and clusters MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 424 :1179-1186 >DOI >Link

McCarthy IG, Font AS, Crain RA, Deason AJ, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2012. Global structure and kinematics of stellar haloes in cosmological hydrodynamic simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 420 :2245-2262 >DOI >Link

McCarthy IG, Schaye J, Font AS, Theuns T, Frenk CS, Crain RA, Dalla Vecchia C. 2012. Rotation rates, sizes and star formation efficiencies of a representative population of simulated disc galaxies MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 427 :379-392 >DOI >Link

Bower RG, Benson AJ, Crain RA. 2012. What shapes the galaxy mass function? Exploring the roles of supernova-driven winds and active galactic nuclei MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 422 :2816-2840 >DOI >Link

Sales LV, Navarro JF, Theuns T, Schaye J, White SDM, Frenk CS, Crain RA, Dalla Vecchia C. 2012. The origin of discs and spheroids in simulated galaxies MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 423 :1544-1555 >DOI >Link

Scannapieco C, Wadepuhl M, Parry OH, Navarro JF, Jenkins A, Springel V, Teyssier R, Carlson E, Couchman HMP, Crain RA, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, Kobayashi C, Monaco P, Murante G, Okamoto T, Quinn T, Schaye J, Stinson GS, Theuns T, Wadsley J, White SDM, Woods R. 2012. The Aquila comparison project: the effects of feedback and numerical methods on simulations of galaxy formation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 423 :1726-1749 >DOI >Link

Livermore RC, Swinbank AM, Smail I, Bower RG, Coppin KEK, Crain RA, Edge AC, Geach JE, Richard J. 2012. OBSERVATIONAL LIMITS ON THE GAS MASS OF A z=4.9 GALAXY ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS, 758 >DOI >Link

Livermore RC, Jones T, Richard J, Bower RG, Ellis RS, Swinbank AM, Rigby JR, Smail I, Arribas S, Rodriguez-Zaurin J, Colina L, Ebeling H, Crain RA. 2012. Hubble Space Telescope H alpha imaging of star-forming galaxies at z similar or equal to 1-1.5: evolution in the size and luminosity of giant H II regions MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 427 :688-702 >DOI >Link

Weinmann SM, Pasquali A, Oppenheimer BD, Finlator K, Mendel JT, Crain RA, Maccio AV. 2012. A fundamental problem in our understanding of low-mass galaxy evolution MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 426 :2797-2812 >DOI >Link

Deason AJ, McCarthy IG, Font AS, Evans NW, Frenk CS, Belokurov V, Libeskind NI, Crain RA, Theuns T. 2011. Mismatch and misalignment: dark haloes and satellites of disc galaxies MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 415 :2607-2625 >DOI >Link

Font AS, McCarthy IG, Crain RA, Theuns T, Schaye J, Wiersma RPC, Dalla Vecchia C. 2011. Cosmological simulations of the formation of the stellar haloes around disc galaxies MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 416 :2802-2820 >DOI >Link

Crain RA, McCarthy IG, Frenk CS, Theuns T, Schaye J. 2010. X-ray coronae in simulations of disc galaxy formation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 407 :1403-1422 >DOI >Link

McCarthy IG, Schaye J, Ponman TJ, Bower RG, Booth CM, Dalla Vecchia C, Crain RA, Springel V, Theuns T, Wiersma RPC. 2010. The case for AGN feedback in galaxy groups MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 406 :822-839 >DOI >Link

Crighton NHM, Morris SL, Bechtold J, Crain RA, Jannuzi BT, Shone A, Theuns T. 2010. Galaxies at a redshift of similar to 0.5 around three closely spaced quasar sightlines MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 402 :1273-1306 >DOI >Link

Mitchell NL, McCarthy IG, Bower RG, Theuns T, Crain RA. 2009. On the origin of cores in simulated galaxy clusters MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 395 :180-196 >DOI >Link

Crain RA, Theuns T, Vecchia CD, Eke VR, Frenk CS, Jenkins A, Kay ST, Peacock JA, Pearce FR, Schaye J, Springel V, Thomas PA, White SDM, Wiersma RPC. 2009. Galaxies-intergalactic medium interaction calculation - I. Galaxy formation as a function of large-scale environment MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 399 :1773-1794 >DOI >Link

Crain RA, Eke VR, Frenk CS, Jenkins A, McCarthy IG, Navarro JF, Pearce FR. 2007. The baryon fraction of Lambda CDM haloes MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 377 :41-49 >DOI >Link

Li J-T, Bregman JN, Wang QD, Crain RA, Anderson ME, Zhang S. The Circum-Galactic Medium of MASsive Spirals II: Probing the Nature of Hot Gaseous Halo around the Most Massive Isolated Spiral Galaxies >Link

Salcido J, Bower RG, Barnes LA, Lewis GF, Elahi PJ, Theuns T, Schaller M, Crain RA, Schaye J. The impact of dark energy on galaxy formation. What does the future of our Universe hold? >Link

Font AS, McCarthy IG, Brun AMCL, Crain RA, Kelvin LS. The diversity of assembly histories leading to disc galaxy formation in a LambdaCDM model Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, >Link

Correa CA, Schaye J, Clauwens B, Bower RG, Crain RA, Schaller M, Theuns T, Thob ACR. The relation between galaxy morphology and colour in the EAGLE simulation Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, >DOI >Link

Bahé YM, Barnes DJ, Vecchia CD, Kay ST, White SDM, McCarthy IG, Schaye J, Bower RG, Crain RA, Theuns T, Jenkins A, McGee SL, Schaller M, Thomas PA, Trayford JW. The Hydrangea simulations: galaxy formation in and around massive clusters Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, >Link

McAlpine S, Bower RG, Harrison CM, Crain RA, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. The link between galaxy and black hole growth in the EAGLE simulation Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, >Link

Crain RA, McCarthy IG, Schaye J, Frenk CS, Theuns T. The similarity of observed X-ray coronae associated with L* disc and elliptical galaxies >Link

Conference Publication (journal proceedings)

Bozorgnia N, Calore F, Schaller M, Lovell M, Bertone G, Frenk CS, Crain RA, Navarro JF, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2016. Predictions of hydrodynamic simulations for direct dark matter detection Fornengo N, Regis M, Zechlin HS. XIV INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TOPICS IN ASTROPARTICLE AND UNDERGROUND PHYSICS (TAUP 2015), PTS 1-7, 14th International Conference on Topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics (TAUP) 718 >DOI >Link

Calore F, Bozorgnia N, Lovell M, Bertone G, Schaller M, Frenk CS, Crain RA, Schaye J, Theuns T, Trayford JW. 2016. The Fermi GeV excess: challenges for the dark matter interpretation Fornengo N, Regis M, Zechlin HS. XIV INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TOPICS IN ASTROPARTICLE AND UNDERGROUND PHYSICS (TAUP 2015), PTS 1-7, 14th International Conference on Topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics (TAUP) 718 >DOI >Link

Oppenheimer BD, Crain RA, Schaye J, Tumlinson J. 2015. The global oxygen yield budget followed in hydrodynamic simulations Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, 11 :180-181 >DOI

Engagement & Impact

Award:

Award title: Research Project of the Year (runner-up), Awarding body: Times Higher Education Awards, URL: http://www.the-awards.co.uk/

Award title: Vice Chancellor's award for excellence in research, scholarship and knowledge transfer, Awarding body: LJMU

Award title: Research Project of the Year, Awarding body: Educate North, URL: http://www.educatenorth.co.uk/2016-winners

Conference organisation:

Conference name: Globular Cluster Formation and Evolution in the Context of Cosmological Galaxy Assembly, Position: Co-organiser, URL: https://royalsociety.org/grants-schemes-awards/grants/international-seminars/

Conference name: The Dynamic Nature of Baryons in Halos, Position: Scientific organiser, URL: https://www.lorentzcenter.nl/lc/web/2012/499/report.php3?wsid=499&venue=Oort

Conference name: Multiwavelength Dissection of Galaxies, Position: Scientific Organising Committee, URL: http://www.aao.gov.au/conference/multiwavelength-dissection-of-galaxies

External collaboration:

URL: http://www.virgo.dur.ac.uk/, Institution: Virgo Consortium, Collaborator: Virgo Consortium

External PGR examinations performed:

Name of University: Leiden University, Award student examined for: PhD, Thesis title: Galaxy formation traced by heavy element pollution

Name of University: Liverpool John Moores University, Award student examined for: PhD, Thesis title: Low surface brightness galaxies and the galaxy stellar mass function

Name of University: University of Western Australia, Award student examined for: PhD, Thesis title: Understanding the physical growth of galaxies and their components

Name of University: Leiden University, Award student examined for: MSc

Name of University: Leiden University, Award student examined for: MSc

Name of University: Leiden University, Award student examined for: PhD, Thesis title: Dawn of the red & dead: stellar kinematics of massive quiescent galaxies out to z = 2

External PGR Supervision - completed students:

Name of University: Leiden University, Award gained by the student: MSc, Thesis title: The role of recycling in the star formation rate of simulated galaxies

Name of University: Leiden University, Award gained by the student: MSc, Thesis title: PCA analysis of the properties of simulated galaxies

Name of University: Leiden University, Award gained by the student: MSc, Thesis title: Morphological & kinematical descriptors of simulated galaxies

Fellowships:

Fellowship title: Royal Society University Research Fellowship, Organisation: Liverpool John Moores University

Media Coverage:

Links #2: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p047xy4r, Links #1: https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/about-us/news/university-astrophysicist-starring-role-in-terrence-malick-hollywood-movie, Media coverage: Voyage of Time premiere - story featured on LJMU front page, and interviewed by BBC Radio Merseyside for the Paul Salt drivetime slot.

Links #2: http://phys.org/news/2016-06-seeds-black-holes-revealed-gravitational.html, Links #1: https://www.dur.ac.uk/research/news/item/?itemno=28425, Links #3: http://www.gizmag.com/gravitational-waves-supermassive-black-hole/44051/, Media coverage: Seeds of supermassive black holes could be revealed by gravitational waves

Links #1: http://www.colorado.edu/news/releases/2016/06/06/wasteful-galaxies-launch-heavy-elements-surrounding-halos-and-deep-space-cu, Media coverage: Publication of Oppenheimer, Crain et al. (2016). Press release picked up widely by online media.

Links #2: http://metro.co.uk/2014/12/31/scientists-play-god-inside-matrix-like-virtual-universe-5004840/, Links #1: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2892624/Could-mysteries-universe-revealed-computer-simulation-Amazing-program-backwards-forwards-cosmic-time.html, Links #3: http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/meet-eagle-simulation-universe-created-cosmology-machine-1481482, Media coverage: Publication of the introductory EAGLE project study. Covered extensively in the UK (BBC, Daily Mail, Metro), overseas and online.

Other invited event:

Title of event: Invited colloquium, Location: University of Portsmouth, Description: Invited colloquium at University of Portsmoutth

Title of event: EWASS2017, Location: Prague, Description: Invited review

Title of event: Royal Society Fellows' Conference 2016, Location: Royal Society, London, Description: Talk titled: The cosmos in a computer

Title of event: Invited colloquium, Location: University of Cardiff, Description: Invited colloquium at the University of Cardiff

Title of event: Invited colloquium, Location: University of Central Lancashire, Description: Invited colloquium at UCLAN

Title of event: Royal Observatory of Belgium Astronomy Day, Location: Royal Observatory of Belgium, Brussels, Description: Keynote lecture

Title of event: North West Astronomy festival, Location: Runcorn, Description: Public lecture

Title of event: The changing face of galaxies, Location: Hobart, Australia, Description: Invited review

Title of event: LSST:UK Galaxies, Location: Oxford University, Description: Invited review

Title of event: Invited speaker & participant, Location: Lorentz Center, Netherlands, Description: Speaker and participant at the invite-only Lorentz Center symposium in honour of Oort Professor Joe Silk

Title of event: Invited speaker & participant, Location: Schloss Ringberg, Germany, Description: Speaker & participant at the invite-only Max Planck Society symposium "Computational Galaxy Formation"

Title of event: Invited speaker & participant, Location: Schloss Elmau, Germany, Description: Speaker and participant at the invite-only Simons Symposium "Galaxy winds: beyond phenomenology"

Title of event: Invited speaker, Location: Royal Society HQ, Description: Invited speaker at the biennial Royal Society Fellows' Conference

Title of event: Invited colloquium, Location: Mullard Space Science Laboratory, UCL, Description: Invited colloquium at MSSL (UCL)

Title of event: Invited colloquium, Location: University of Oxford, Description: Invited colloquium at the University of Oxford

Title of event: Invited colloquium, Location: Royal Observatory, University of Edinburgh, Description: Invited colloquium at the Royal Observatory

Title of event: Invited colloquium, Location: University of Birmingham, Description: Invited colloquium at the University of Birmingham

Other Professional Activity:

Describe the Professional Activities: Contributed to "The Astrophysics Exchange", a science-art collaboration between the ARI and Tate Liverpool.

Describe the Professional Activities: Completed the Royal Society / Imperial Business School course on "Leadership Effectiveness".

Describe the Professional Activities: External reviewer for DiRAC consortium

Research Grants Awarded:

The Royal Society, The next generation of holistic galaxy formation simulations at Liverpool John Moores University, Grant value (£): 37,942.00, Duration of research project: 2/0

NASA, HI and Low Metal Ions at the Intersection of Galaxies and the CGM, B.D. Oppenheimer; J. Schaye, A.J. Richings, Grant value (£): 100,000, Duration of research project: 1/0

Royal Society, Modelling the formation and evolution of globular clusters in realistic cosmological simulations of galaxies, Grant value (£): 14695, Duration of research project: 1/0

NASA, QSAGE - Quasar and Galaxy Evolution - 96 orbits with the Hubble Space Telescope., R.M. Bielby (Durham); J.P. Stott (Oxford), Grant value (£): 0, Duration of research project: 1 year

The Royal Society, Globular Cluster Formation and Evolution in the Context of Cosmological Galaxy Assembly, Prof N. Bastian, Prof M. Gieles, Grant value (£): 5000, Duration of research project: 0/1

DiRAC, The Virgo Consortium, The Virgo consortium, Grant value (£): 65 million core-hours, Duration of research project: 3 years

NASA Astrophysics Theory Program, The sensitive side of galaxy formation, Ben Oppenheimer (Colorado), Joop Schaye (Leiden), Grant value (£): 82000, Duration of research project: 3 years

Royal Society, The gaseous Universe in realistic cosmological simulations, Grant value (£): 420645, Duration of research project: 5 years

PRACE, EAGLE - Evolution & Assembly of GaLaxies and their Environments, Joop Schaye, Virgo Consortium, Grant value (£): 40 million core-hours, Duration of research project: 18 months

NASA, Dynamic Chemical Galaxy Formation, Benjamin D. Oppenheimer (University of Colorado); Joop Schaye (Leiden University), Grant value (£): 255000

Royal Society, Next generation cosmological gas-dynamical simulations at Liverpool John Moores University, None, Grant value (£): 75785