Liverpool Skyline

Astrophysics Research Institute

Dr Robert Crain

Dr Robert Crain

Telephone: 0151 904 6560

website
ORCID

Biography

I am a Reader in Theoretical Astrophysics based at the Astrophysics Research Institute (ARI) of Liverpool John Moores University. I am currently supported by a Royal Society University Research Fellowship.

My research focusses on the formation of galaxies, and their dynamic co-evolution with their gaseous environments. Most commonly, I approach these studies using large-scale hydrodynamical simulations of galaxy populations, conducted on world-leading supercomputing facilities. These ‘synthetic universes’ are evolved over 14 billion years of cosmic history, from the Big Bang to the present day. They are the astrophysicist’s analogue of laboratory experiments; they enable us to study the complex processes that shape the properties of galaxies and their environments, and that ultimately govern the nature of the galaxy population we observe around us.

I am a core member of the EAGLE (Evolution and Assembly of GaLaxies and their Environments) project, and have thus played a leading role in the development, execution and analysis of the current state-of-the-art suite of galaxy formation simulations. Between 2015 and 2017, the project has yielded over 80 publications, including 2015's most-cited astrophysics publication world-wide. EAGLE was named Research Project of the Year at the Educate North awards in April 2016, and highly commended by the Times Higher Education awards in November 2016. For our research using the EAGLE simulations at the ARI, Ian McCarthy and I were awarded the 2016 Vice Chancellor's Excellence Award for Research.

In collaboration with colleagues at the ARI and the University of Heidelberg, I developed the E-MOSAICS suite of simulations, which incorporate models of globular cluster formation and evolution into a truly cosmological, gas-dynamical framework. I am also a key team member of QSAGE, a large Hubble Space Telescope survey that seeks to unveil the role of supermassive blackholes in regulating the growth of galaxies.

I am currently a visitor at the Kavli Institute for Cosmology, University of Cambridge, and a member of the Astronomy and Cosmology panel of the DiRAC national supercomputing facility.

My personal homepage is located at http://www.astro.ljmu.ac.uk/~astrcrai.

Languages

English

Degrees

2008, Durham University, United Kingdom, PhD
2004, Durham University, United Kingdom, MSci

Academic appointments

Reader in Theoretical Astrophysics, Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 2017 - present
Royal Society University Research Fellow, Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 2014 - present
Senior Lecturer, Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 2014 - 2017
Postdoctoral Fellow, Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, 2011 - 2014
Postdoctoral Fellow, Centre for Astrophysics & Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, 2009 - 2011

Publications

Highlighted publications

Crain RA, Schaye J, Bower RG, Furlong M, Schaller M, Theuns T, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, McCarthy IG, Helly JC, Jenkins A, Rosas-Guevara YM, White SDM, Trayford JW. 2015. The EAGLE simulations of galaxy formation: calibration of subgrid physics and model variations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 450 :1937-1961 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Schaye J, Crain RA, Bower RG, Furlong M, Schaller M, Theuns T, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, McCarthy IG, Helly JC, Jenkins AR, Rosas-Guevara YM, White SDM, Baes M, Booth CM, Camps P, Navarro JF, Qu Y, Rahmati A, Sawala T, Thomas P, Trayford J. 2015. The EAGLE project: simulating the evolution and assembly of galaxies and their environments Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 446 :521-554 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Crain RA, McCarthy IG, Frenk CS, Theuns T, Schaye J. X-ray coronae in simulations of disc galaxy formation \mnras, 407 :1403-1422 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Crain RA, Theuns T, Dalla Vecchia C, Eke VR, Frenk CS, Jenkins A, Kay ST, Peacock JA, Pearce FR, Schaye J, Springel V, Thomas PA, White SDM, Wiersma RPC. Galaxies-intergalactic medium interaction calculation - I. Galaxy formation as a function of large-scale environment \mnras, 399 :1773-1794 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Crain RA, Eke VR, Frenk CS, Jenkins A, McCarthy IG, Navarro JF, Pearce FR. The baryon fraction of ΛCDM haloes \mnras, 377 :41-49 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Journal article

Oppenheimer BD, Davies JJ, Crain RA, Wijers NA, Schaye J, Werk JK, Burchett JN, Trayford JW, Horton R. 2020. Feedback from supermassive black holes transforms centrals into passive galaxies by ejecting circumgalactic gas Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 491 :2939-2952 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Hughes ME, Pfeffer JL, Martig M, Reina-Campos M, Bastian N, Crain RA, Kruijssen JMD. 2020. The [α/Fe]-[Fe/H] relation in the E-MOSAICS simulations: its connection to the birth place of globular clusters and the fraction of globular cluster field stars in the bulge Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 491 :4012-4022 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Pfeffer J, Bastian N, Kruijssen JMD, Reina-Campos M, Crain RA, Usher C. 2019. Young star cluster populations in the E-MOSAICS simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 490 :1714-1733 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Davies JJ, Crain RA, Oppenheimer BD, Schaye J. 2019. The quenching and morphological evolution of central galaxies is facilitated by the feedback-driven expulsion of circumgalactic gas Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 491 :4462-4480 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Wijers NA, Schaye J, Oppenheimer BD, Crain RA, Nicastro F. 2019. The abundance and physical properties of OVII and OVIII X-ray absorption systems in the EAGLE simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 488 :2947-2969 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Pfeffer J, Bastian N, Crain RA, Kruijssen JMD, Hughes ME, Reina-Campos M. 2019. The evolution of the UV luminosity function of globular clusters in the E-MOSAICS simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 487 :4550-4564 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Reina-Campos M, Kruijssen JMD, Pfeffer JL, Bastian N, Crain RA. 2019. Formation histories of stars, clusters, and globular clusters in the E-MOSAICS simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 486 :5838-5852 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Kruijssen JMD, Pfeffer JL, Reina-Campos M, Crain RA, Bastian N. 2019. The formation and assembly history of the Milky Way revealed by its globular cluster population Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 486 :3180-3202 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Lovell MR, Barnes D, Bahé Y, Schaye J, Schaller M, Theuns T, Bose S, Crain RA, Vecchia CD, Frenk CS, Hellwing W, Kay ST, Ludlow AD, Bower RG. 2019. The signal of decaying dark matter with hydrodynamical simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 485 :4071-4089 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Davies JJ, Crain RA, McCarthy IG, Oppenheimer BD, Schaye J, Schaller M, McAlpine S. 2019. The gas fractions of dark matter haloes hosting simulated $\sim L^\star$ galaxies are governed by the feedback history of their black holes Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 485 :3783-3793 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Oppenheimer BD, Kollmeier J, Kravtsov A, Bregman J, Angle's-Alca'zar D, Crain R, Dave' R, Hernquist L, Hummels C, Schaye J, Tremblay G, Voit GM, Weinberger R, Werk J, Wijers N, ZuHone JA, Bogdan A, Kraft R, Vikhlinin A. 2019. Imprint of Drivers of Galaxy Formation in the Circumgalactic Medium Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 51 Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

van Son LAC, Barber C, Bahe YM, Schaye J, Barnes DJ, Crain RA, Kay ST, Theuns T, Dalla Vecchia C. 2019. Galaxies with monstrous black holes in galaxy cluster environments Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 485 :396-407 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Davis TA, Van De Voort F, Rowlands K, McAlpine S, Wild V, Crain RA. 2019. Evolution of the cold gas properties of simulated post-starburst galaxies Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 484 :2447-2461 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Kruijssen JMD, Pfeffer JL, Crain RA, Bastian N. 2019. The E-MOSAICS project: tracing galaxy formation and assembly with the age-metallicity distribution of globular clusters Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Pawlik MM, McAlpine S, Trayford JW, Wild V, Bower R, Crain RA, Schaller M, Schaye J. 2019. The diverse evolutionary pathways of post-starburst galaxies Nature Astronomy, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Barber C, Schaye J, Crain RA. 2019. Calibrated, cosmological hydrodynamical simulations with variable IMFs III: spatially resolved properties and evolution Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 483 :985-1002 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Hughes ME, Pfeffer J, Martig M, Bastian N, Crain RA, Kruijssen JMD, Reina-Campos M. 2019. Fossil stellar streams and their globular cluster populations in the E-MOSAICS simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 482 :2795-2806 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Tissera PB, Rosas-Guevara Y, Bower RG, Crain RA, Lagos CDP, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2019. The oxygen abundance gradients in the gas discs of galaxies in the EAGLE simulation Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 482 :2208-2221 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Barber C, Schaye J, Crain RA. 2019. Calibrated, cosmological hydrodynamical simulations with variable IMFs - II. Correlations between the IMF and global galaxy properties Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 482 :2515-2529 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Reina-Campos M, Kruijssen JMD, Pfeffer J, Bastian N, Crain RA. 2018. Dynamical cluster disruption and its implications for multiple population models in the E-MOSAICS simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 481 :2851-2857 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

McAlpine S, Bower RG, Rosario DJ, Crain RA, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2018. The rapid growth phase of supermassive black holes Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 481 :3118-3128 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Oppenheimer BD, Schaye J, Crain RA, Werk JK, Richings AJ. 2018. The multiphase circumgalactic medium traced by low metal ions in EAGLE zoom simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 481 :835-859 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Kulier A, Padilla N, Schaye J, Crain RA, Schaller M, Bower RG, Theuns T, Paillas E. 2018. The evolution of the baryon fraction in haloes as a cause of scatter in the galaxy stellar mass in the EAGLE simulation Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 482 :3261-3273 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Barber C, Crain RA, Schaye J. 2018. Calibrated, cosmological hydrodynamical simulations with variable IMFs I: Method and effect on global galaxy scaling relations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 479 :5448-5473 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Mukherjee S, Koopmans LVE, Benton Metcalf R, Tessore N, Tortora C, Schaller M, Schaye J, Crain RA, Vernardos G, Bellagamba F, Theuns T. 2018. SEAGLE - I. A pipeline for simulating and modelling strong lenses from cosmological hydrodynamic simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 479 :4108-4125 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Barnes LA, Elahi PJ, Salcido J, Bower RG, Lewis GF, Theuns T, Schaller M, Crain RA, Schaye J. 2018. Galaxy formation efficiency and the multiverse explanation of the cosmological constant with EAGLE simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 477 :3727-3743 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Mackereth JT, Crain RA, Schiavon RP, Schaye J, Theuns T, Schaller M. 2018. The origin of diverse alpha-element abundances in galaxy discs Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 477 :5072-5089 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Salcido J, Bower RG, Barnes LA, Lewis GF, Elahi PJ, Theuns T, Schaller M, Crain RA, Schaye J. 2018. impact of dark energy on galaxy formation. What does the future of our Universe hold? Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 477 :3744-3759 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Pfeffer J, Diederik Kruijssen JM, Crain RA, Bastian N. 2018. The E-MOSAICS project: simulating the formation and co-evolution of galaxies and their star cluster populations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 475 :4309-4346 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Li J-T, Bregman JN, Wang QD, Crain R, Anderson ME. 2018. Baryon Budget of the Hot Circumgalactic Medium of Massive Spiral Galaxies Astrophysical Journal, 855 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Armitage TJ, Barnes DJ, Kay ST, Bahé YM, Vecchia CD, Crain RA, Theuns T. 2018. The Cluster-EAGLE project: Velocity bias and the velocity dispersion-mass relation of cluster galaxies Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 474 :3746-3759 DOI Author Url Public Url

Forbes DA, Bastian N, Gieles M, Crain RA, Diederik Kruijssen JM, Larsen SS, Ploeckinger S, Agerz O, Trenti M, Ferguson AMN, Pfeffer J, Gnedin OY. 2018. Globular cluster formation and evolution in the context of cosmological galaxy assembly: open questions Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Ploeckinger S, Sharma K, Schaye J, Crain RA, Schaller M, Barber C. 2018. Tidal dwarf galaxies in cosmological simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 474 :580-596 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Tescari E, Cortese L, Power C, Wyithe JSB, Ho I-T, Crain RA, Bland-Hawthorn J, Croom SM, Kewley LJ, Schaye J, Bower RG, Theuns T, Schaller M, Barnes L, Brough S, Bryant JJ, Goodwin M, Gunawardhana MLP, Lawrence JS, Leslie SK, Lopez-Sanchez AR, Lorente NPF, Medling AM, Richards SN, Sweet SM, Tonini C. 2018. The SAMI Galaxy Survey: understanding observations of large-scale outflows at low redshift with EAGLE simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 473 :380-397 DOI Author Url Public Url

Correa CA, Schaye J, Wyithe JSB, Duffy AR, Theuns T, Crain RA, Bower RG. 2018. The formation of hot gaseous haloes around galaxies MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 473 :538-559 DOI Author Url Public Url

Li J-T, Bregman JN, Wang QD, Crain RA, Anderson ME, Zhang S. 2017. The Circum-Galactic Medium of Massive Spirals. II. Probing the Nature of Hot Gaseous Halo around the Most Massive Isolated Spiral Galaxies ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES, 233 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Barnes DJ, Kay ST, Bahé YM, Vecchia CD, McCarthy IG, Schaye J, Bower RG, Jenkins A, Thomas PA, Schaller M, Crain RA, Theuns T, White SDM. 2017. The Cluster-EAGLE project: global properties of simulated clusters with resolved galaxies Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Public Url

Turner ML, Schaye J, Crain RA, Rudie G, Steidel CC, Strom A, Theuns T. 2017. A comparison of observed and simulated absorption from HI, C IV, and Si IV around z approximate to 2 star-forming galaxies suggests redshift-space distortions are due to inflows MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 471 :690-705 DOI Author Url Public Url

Crain RA, Bahé YM, Lagos CDP, Rahmati A, Schaye J, McCarthy IG, Marasco A, Bower RG, Schaller M, Theuns T, van der Hulst T. 2017. The EAGLE simulations: atomic hydrogen associated with galaxies Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 464 :4204-4226 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Swinbank M, Harrison C, Trayford J, Schaller M, Smail I, Schaye J, Theuns T, Smit R, Alexander D, Bacon R, Bower R, Contini T, Crain R, Breuck CD, Decarli R, Epinat B, Fumagalli M, Furlong M, Galametz A, Johnson H, Lagos C, Richard J, Vernet J, Sharples R, Sobral D, Stott J. 2017. Angular momentum evolution of galaxies over the past 10-Gyr: A MUSE and KMOS dynamical survey of 400 star-forming galaxies from z=0.3-1.7 Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Sales LV, Navarro JF, Oman K, Fattahi A, Ferrero I, Abadi M, Bower R, Crain RA, Frenk CS, Sawala T, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T, White SDM. 2017. The low-mass end of the baryonic Tully-Fisher relation Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 464 :2419-2428 DOI Author Url Public Url

Qu Y, Helly JC, Bower RG, Theuns T, Crain RA, Frenk CS, Furlong M, McAlpine S, Schaller M, Schaye J, White SDM. 2017. A chronicle of galaxy mass assembly in the EAGLE simulation Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 464 :1659-1675 DOI Author Url Public Url

Norris MA, Van de Ven G, Schinnerer E, Crain RA, Meidt S, Groves B, Bower RG, Furlong M, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2016. Being WISE II: Reducing the Influence of Star formation History on the Mass-to-Light Ratio of Quiescent Galaxies Astrophysical Journal, 832 :198-198 DOI Author Url Public Url

Turner ML, Schaye J, Crain RA, Theuns T, Wendt M. 2016. Observations of metals in the z \ap 3.5 intergalactic medium and comparison to the EAGLE simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 462 :2440-2464 DOI Author Url Public Url

Crain RA. 2016. The Circum-Galactic Medium of MASsive Spirals. I. An Overview and a Case Study of NGC 5908 The Astrophysical Journal, DOI Author Url Public Url

Guo Q, Gonzalez-Perez V, Guo Q, Schaller M, Furlong M, Bower RG, Cole S, Crain RA, Frenk CS, Helly JC, Lacey CG, Lagos CDP, Mitchell P, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2016. Galaxies in the EAGLE hydrodynamical simulation and in the Durham and Munich semi-analytical models MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 461 :3457-3482 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Marasco A, Crain RA, Schaye J, Bahe YM, van der Hulst T, Theuns T, Bower RG. 2016. The environmental dependence of H I in galaxies in the EAGLE simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 461 :2630-2649 DOI Author Url Public Url

Hellwing WA, Schaller M, Frenk CS, Theuns T, Schaye J, Bower RG, Crain RA. 2016. The effect of baryons on redshift space distortions and cosmic density and velocity fields in the EAGLE simulation Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Crain RA. 2016. The origin of the α-enhancement of massive galaxies Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 461 :L102-L106 DOI Author Url Public Url

Zavala J, Frenk CS, Bower R, Schaye J, Theuns T, Crain RA, Trayford JW, Schaller M, Furlong M. 2016. The link between the assembly of the inner dark matter halo and the angular momentum evolution of galaxies in the EAGLE simulation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 460 :4466-4482 DOI Author Url Public Url

Shao S, Cautun M, Frenk CS, Gao L, Crain RA, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2016. Alignments between galaxies, satellite systems and haloes MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 460 :3772-3783 DOI Author Url Public Url

Salcido J, Bower RG, Theuns T, McAlpine S, Schaller M, Crain RA, Schaye J, Regan J. 2016. Music from the heavens - Gravitational waves from supermassive black hole mergers in the EAGLE simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 463 :870-885 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Chaves-Montero J, Angulo RE, Schaye J, Schaller M, Crain RA, Furlong M, Theuns T. 2016. Subhalo abundance matching and assembly bias in the EAGLE simulation MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 460 :3100-3118 DOI Author Url Public Url

Oppenheimer BD, Crain RA, Schaye J, Rahmati A, Richings AJ, Trayford JW, Tumlinson J, Bower RG, Schaller M, Theuns T. 2016. Bimodality of low-redshift circumgalactic O vi in non-equilibrium eagle zoom simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 460 :2157-2179 DOI Author Url Public Url

Barber C, Schaye J, Bower RG, Crain RA, Schaller M, Theuns T. 2016. The origin of compact galaxies with anomalously high black hole masses Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Lagos CDP, Theuns T, Schaye J, Furlong M, Bower RG, Schaller M, Crain RA, Trayford JW, Matthee J. 2016. The Fundamental Plane of star formation in galaxies revealed by the EAGLE hydrodynamical simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 459 :2632-2650 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Rahmati A, Schaye J, Crain RA, Oppenheimer BD, Schaller M, Theuns T. 2016. Cosmic distribution of highly ionized metals and their physical conditions in the EAGLE simulations MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 459 :310-332 DOI Author Url Public Url

Trayford JW, Theuns T, Bower RG, Crain RA, Lagos CDP, Schaller M, Schaye J. 2016. It's not easy being green: The evolution of galaxy colour in the EAGLE simulation Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bozorgnia N, Calore F, Schaller M, Lovell M, Bertone G, Frenk CS, Crain RA, Navarro JF, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2016. Simulated Milky Way analogues: implications for dark matter direct searches JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS, DOI Author Url Public Url

Sharma M, Theuns T, Frenk C, Bower R, Crain R, Schaller M, Schaye J. 2016. The brighter galaxies reionized the Universe MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 458 :L94-L98 DOI Author Url Public Url

Sawala T, Frenk CS, Fattahi A, Navarro JF, Bower RG, Crain RA, Vecchia CD, Furlong M, Helly JC, Jenkins A, Oman KA, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T, Trayford J, White SDM. 2016. The APOSTLE simulations: solutions to the Local Group's cosmic puzzles Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

McAlpine S, Helly JC, Schaller M, Trayford JW, Qu Y, Furlong M, Bower RG, Crain RA, Schaye J, Theuns T, Vecchia CD, Frenk CS, McCarthy IG, Jenkins A, Rosas-Guevara Y, White SDM, Baes M, Camps P, Lemson G. 2016. The EAGLE simulations of galaxy formation: public release of halo and galaxy catalogues Astronomy and Computing, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Sawala T, Frenk CS, Fattahi A, Navarro JF, Theuns T, Bower RG, Crain RA, Furlong M, Jenkins A, Schaller M, Schaye J. 2016. The chosen few: the low-mass haloes that host faint galaxies MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 456 :85-97 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bahe YM, Crain RA, Kauffmann G, Bower RG, Schaye J, Furlong M, Lagos C, Schaller M, Trayford JW, Dalla Vecchia C, Theuns T. 2016. The distribution of atomic hydrogen in EAGLE galaxies: morphologies, profiles, and HI holes MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 456 :1115-1136 DOI Author Url Public Url

Schaller M, Frenk CS, Theuns T, Calore F, Bertone G, Bozorgnia N, Crain RA, Fattahi A, Navarro JF, Sawala T, Schaye J. 2016. Dark matter annihilation radiation in hydrodynamic simulations of Milky Way haloes Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 455 :4442-4451 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Benítez-Llambay A, Navarro JF, Frenk CS, Sawala T, Oman K, Fattahi A, Schaller M, Schaye J, Crain RA, Theuns T. 2016. The properties of ”dark” $$$$Lambda$$CDM halos in the Local Group \mnras, DOI Author Url Public Url

Calore F, Bozorgnia N, Lovell M, Bertone G, Schaller M, Frenk CS, Crain RA, Schaye J, Theuns T, Trayford JW. 2015. Simulated Milky Way analogues: implications for dark matter indirect searches JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS, DOI Author Url Public Url

Schaller M, Vecchia CD, Schaye J, Bower RG, Theuns T, Crain RA, Furlong M, McCarthy IG. 2015. The EAGLE simulations of galaxy formation: the importance of the hydrodynamics scheme Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 454 :2277-2291 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Velliscig M, Cacciato M, Schaye J, Hoekstra H, Bower RG, Crain RA, Daalen MPV, Furlong M, McCarthy IG, Schaller M, Theuns T. 2015. Intrinsic alignments of galaxies in the EAGLE and cosmo-OWLS simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Schaller M, Vecchia CD, Schaye J, Bower RG, Theuns T, Crain RA, Furlong M, McCarthy IG. 2015. The EAGLE simulations of galaxy formation: The importance of the hydrodynamics scheme Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 454 :1-16

Rosas-Guevara YM, Bower RG, Schaye J, Furlong M, Frenk CS, Booth CM, Crain R, Dalla Vecchia C, Schaller M, Theuns T. 2015. The impact of angular momentum on black hole accretion rates in simulations of galaxy formation Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Oman KA, Navarro JF, Fattahi A, Frenk CS, Sawala T, White SDM, Bower R, Crain RA, Furlong M, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2015. The unexpected diversity of dwarf galaxy rotation curves Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 452 :3650-3665 DOI Author Url Public Url

Schaller M, Frenk CS, Bower RG, Theuns T, Jenkins A, Schaye J, Crain RA, Furlong M, Dalla Vecchia C, McCarthy IG. 2015. Baryon effects on the internal structure of ΛCDM haloes in the EAGLE simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 451 :1247-1267 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Furlong M, Bower RG, Theuns T, Schaye J, Crain RA, Schaller M, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, McCarthy IG, Helly J, Jenkins A, Rosas-Guevara YM. 2015. Evolution of galaxy stellar masses and star formation rates in the EAGLE simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 450 :4486-4504 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Crain RA, Schaye J, Bower RG, Furlong M, Schaller M, Theuns T, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, McCarthy IG, Helly JC, Jenkins A, Rosas-Guevara YM, White SDM, Trayford JW. 2015. The EAGLE simulations of galaxy formation: calibration of subgrid physics and model variations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 450 :1937-1961 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Sawala T, Frenk CS, Fattahi A, Navarro JF, Bower RG, Crain RA, Dalla Vecchia C, Furlong M, Jenkins A, McCarthy IG, Qu Y, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. 2015. Bent by baryons: the low-mass galaxy-halo relation Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 448 :2941-2947 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Metuki O, Libeskind I, Hoffman Y, Crain RA, Theuns T. 2015. Galaxy properties and the cosmic web in simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 446 :1458-1468 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Schaye J, Crain RA, Bower RG, Furlong M, Schaller M, Theuns T, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, McCarthy IG, Helly JC, Jenkins AR, Rosas-Guevara YM, White SDM, Baes M, Booth CM, Camps P, Navarro JF, Qu Y, Rahmati A, Sawala T, Thomas P, Trayford J. 2015. The EAGLE project: simulating the evolution and assembly of galaxies and their environments Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 446 :521-554 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Green AW, Glazebrook K, McGregor PJ, Damjanov I, Wisnioski E, Abraham RG, Colless M, Sharp RG, Crain RA, Poole GB, McCarthy PJ. DYNAMO - I. A sample of Hα-luminous galaxies with resolved kinematics \mnras, 437 :1070-1095 DOI Author Url Public Url

Li J-T, Crain RA, Wang QD. Chandra survey of nearby highly inclined disc galaxies - III. Comparison with hydrodynamical simulations of circumgalactic coronae \mnras, 440 :859-869 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Crain RA, McCarthy IG, Schaye J, Theuns T, Frenk CS. Enriching the hot circumgalactic medium \mnras, 432 :3005-3024 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Sawala T, Frenk CS, Crain RA, Jenkins A, Schaye J, Theuns T, Zavala J. The abundance of (not just) dark matter haloes \mnras, 431 :1366-1382 DOI Author Url Public Url

McCarthy IG, Schaye J, Font AS, Theuns T, Frenk CS, Crain RA, Dalla Vecchia C. Rotation rates, sizes and star formation efficiencies of a representative population of simulated disc galaxies \mnras, 427 :379-392 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bahé YM, McCarthy IG, Crain RA, Theuns T. The competition between confinement and ram pressure and its implications for galaxies in groups and clusters \mnras, 424 :1179-1186 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

McCarthy IG, Font AS, Crain RA, Deason AJ, Schaye J, Theuns T. Global structure and kinematics of stellar haloes in cosmological hydrodynamic simulations \mnras, 420 :2245-2262 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Swinbank AM, Sobral D, Smail I, Geach JE, Best PN, McCarthy IG, Crain RA, Theuns T. The properties of the star-forming interstellar medium at z = 0.84-2.23 from HiZELS: mapping the internal dynamics and metallicity gradients in high-redshift disc galaxies \mnras, 426 :935-950 DOI Author Url Public Url

Sales LV, Navarro JF, Theuns T, Schaye J, White SDM, Frenk CS, Crain RA, Dalla Vecchia C. The origin of discs and spheroids in simulated galaxies \mnras, 423 :1544-1555 DOI Author Url Public Url

Scannapieco C, Wadepuhl M, Parry OH, Navarro JF, Jenkins A, Springel V, Teyssier R, Carlson E, Couchman HMP, Crain RA, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, Kobayashi C, Monaco P, Murante G, Okamoto T, Quinn T, Schaye J, Stinson GS, Theuns T, Wadsley J, White SDM, Woods R. The Aquila comparison project: the effects of feedback and numerical methods on simulations of galaxy formation \mnras, 423 :1726-1749 DOI Author Url Public Url

Weinmann SM, Pasquali A, Oppenheimer BD, Finlator K, Mendel JT, Crain RA, Macciò AV. A fundamental problem in our understanding of low-mass galaxy evolution \mnras, 426 :2797-2812 DOI Author Url Public Url

Livermore RC, Swinbank AM, Smail I, Bower RG, Coppin KEK, Crain RA, Edge AC, Geach JE, Richard J. Observational Limits on the Gas Mass of a z = 4.9 Galaxy \apjl, 758 :L35-L35 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Livermore RC, Jones T, Richard J, Bower RG, Ellis RS, Swinbank AM, Rigby JR, Smail I, Arribas S, Rodriguez Zaurin J, Colina L, Ebeling H, Crain RA. Hubble Space Telescope Hα imaging of star-forming galaxies at z \sime 1-1.5: evolution in the size and luminosity of giant H II regions \mnras, 427 :688-702 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bower RG, Benson AJ, Crain RA. What shapes the galaxy mass function? Exploring the roles of supernova-driven winds and active galactic nuclei \mnras, 422 :2816-2840 DOI Author Url Public Url

Font AS, McCarthy IG, Crain RA, Theuns T, Schaye J, Wiersma RPC, Dalla Vecchia C. Cosmological simulations of the formation of the stellar haloes around disc galaxies \mnras, 416 :2802-2820 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Deason AJ, McCarthy IG, Font AS, Evans NW, Frenk CS, Belokurov V, Libeskind NI, Crain RA, Theuns T. Mismatch and misalignment: dark haloes and satellites of disc galaxies \mnras, 415 :2607-2625 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Crain RA, McCarthy IG, Frenk CS, Theuns T, Schaye J. X-ray coronae in simulations of disc galaxy formation \mnras, 407 :1403-1422 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

McCarthy IG, Schaye J, Ponman TJ, Bower RG, Booth CM, Dalla Vecchia C, Crain RA, Springel V, Theuns T, Wiersma RPC. The case for AGN feedback in galaxy groups \mnras, 406 :822-839 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Crighton NHM, Morris SL, Bechtold J, Crain RA, Jannuzi BT, Shone A, Theuns T. Galaxies at a redshift of 0.5 around three closely spaced quasar sightlines \mnras, 402 :1273-1306 DOI Author Url Public Url

Mitchell NL, McCarthy IG, Bower RG, Theuns T, Crain RA. On the origin of cores in simulated galaxy clusters \mnras, 395 :180-196 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Crain RA, Theuns T, Dalla Vecchia C, Eke VR, Frenk CS, Jenkins A, Kay ST, Peacock JA, Pearce FR, Schaye J, Springel V, Thomas PA, White SDM, Wiersma RPC. Galaxies-intergalactic medium interaction calculation - I. Galaxy formation as a function of large-scale environment \mnras, 399 :1773-1794 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Crain RA, Eke VR, Frenk CS, Jenkins A, McCarthy IG, Navarro JF, Pearce FR. The baryon fraction of ΛCDM haloes \mnras, 377 :41-49 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Schaller M, Frenk CS, Bower RG, Theuns T, Trayford J, Crain RA, Furlong M, Schaye J, Dalla Vecchia C, McCarthy IG. The effect of baryons on the inner density profiles of rich clusters \mnras, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Lagos CDP, Crain RA, Schaye J, Furlong M, Frenk CS, Bower RG, Schaller M, Theuns T, Trayford JW, Bahé YM, Dalla Vecchia C. Molecular hydrogen abundances of galaxies in the EAGLE simulations \mnras, 452 :3815-3837 DOI Author Url Public Url

Trayford JW, Theuns T, Bower RG, Schaye J, Furlong M, Schaller M, Frenk CS, Crain RA, Dalla Vecchia C, McCarthy IG. Colours and luminosities of z = 0.1 galaxies in the EAGLE simulation \mnras, 452 :2879-2896 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Rahmati A, Schaye J, Bower RG, Crain RA, Furlong M, Schaller M, Theuns T. The distribution of neutral hydrogen around high-redshift galaxies and quasars in the EAGLE simulation \mnras, 452 :2034-2056 DOI Author Url Public Url

Velliscig M, Cacciato M, Schaye J, Crain RA, Bower RG, van Daalen MP, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, Furlong M, McCarthy IG, Schaller M, Theuns T. The alignment and shape of dark matter, stellar, and hot gas distributions in the EAGLE and cosmo-OWLS simulations \mnras, 453 :721-738 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Sawala T, Frenk CS, Fattahi A, Navarro JF, Bower RG, Crain RA, Dalla Vecchia C, Furlong M, Helly JC, Jenkins A, Oman KA, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T, Trayford J, White SDM. Local Group galaxies emerge from the dark ArXiv e-prints, Author Url Public Url

Bower RG, Benson AJ, Crain RA. What Shapes the Galaxy Mass Function? Exploring the Roles of Supernova-Driven Winds and AGN \mnras, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Crain RA, McCarthy IG, Schaye J, Frenk CS, Theuns T. The similarity of observed X-ray coronae associated with L* disc and elliptical galaxies ArXiv e-prints, Author Url

Bower RG, Schaye J, Frenk CS, Theuns T, Schaller M, Crain RA, McAlpine S. The dark nemesis of galaxy formation: why hot haloes trigger black hole growth and bring star formation to an end \mnras, 465 :32-44 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Matthee J, Schaye J, Crain RA, Schaller M, Bower R, Theuns T. The origin of scatter in the stellar mass-halo mass relation of central galaxies in the EAGLE simulation \mnras, 465 :2381-2396 DOI Author Url Public Url

Fattahi A, Navarro JF, Sawala T, Frenk CS, Oman KA, Crain RA, Furlong M, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T, Jenkins A. The APOSTLE project: Local Group kinematic mass constraints and simulation candidate selection \mnras, 457 :844-856 DOI Author Url Public Url

Segers MC, Crain RA, Schaye J, Bower RG, Furlong M, Schaller M, Theuns T. Recycled stellar ejecta as fuel for star formation and implications for the origin of the galaxy mass-metallicity relation \mnras, 456 :1235-1258 DOI Author Url Public Url

Sharma M, Theuns T, Frenk C, Bower RG, Crain RA, Schaller M, Schaye J. Winds of change: reionization by starburst galaxies Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Ludlow AD, Benitez-Llambay A, Schaller M, Theuns T, Frenk CS, Bower R, Schaye J, Crain RA, Navarro JF, Fattahi A, Oman KA. The Mass-Discrepancy Acceleration Relation: a Natural Outcome of Galaxy Formation in CDM halos ArXiv e-prints, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Lovell MR, Bose S, Boyarsky A, Crain RA, Frenk CS, Hellwing WA, Ludlow AD, Navarro JF, Ruchayskiy O, Sawala T, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. Properties of Local Group galaxies in hydrodynamical simulations of sterile neutrino dark matter cosmologies ArXiv e-prints, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Crain RA, McCarthy IG. The origin of the enhanced metallicity of satellite galaxies Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

van de Voort F, Bahé YM, Bower RG, Correa CA, Crain RA, Schaye J, Theuns T. The environmental dependence of gas accretion onto galaxies: quenching satellites through starvation \mnras, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Starkenburg E, Oman KA, Navarro JF, Crain RA, Fattahi A, Frenk CS, Sawala T, Schaye J. The oldest and most metal-poor stars in the APOSTLE Local Group simulations \mnras, 465 :2212-2224 DOI Author Url Public Url

Furlong M, Bower RG, Crain RA, Schaye J, Theuns T, Trayford JW, Qu Y, Schaller M, Berthet M, Helly JC. Size evolution of normal and compact galaxies in the EAGLE simulation \mnras, 465 :722-738 DOI Author Url Public Url

Ferrero I, Navarro JF, Abadi MG, Sales LV, Bower RG, Crain RA, Frenk CS, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. Size matters: abundance matching, galaxy sizes, and the Tully-Fisher relation in EAGLE \mnras, 464 :4736-4746 DOI Author Url Public Url

Desmond H, Mao Y-Y, Wechsler R, Crain R, Schaye J. On the galaxy-halo connection in the EAGLE simulation Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, DOI Author Url Public Url

Algorry DG, Navarro JF, Abadi MG, Sales LV, Bower RG, Crain RA, Dalla Vecchia C, Frenk CS, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. Barred galaxies in the EAGLE cosmological hydrodynamical simulation ArXiv e-prints, DOI Author Url Public Url

McAlpine S, Bower RG, Harrison CM, Crain RA, Schaller M, Schaye J, Theuns T. The link between galaxy and black hole growth in the EAGLE simulation Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bahé YM, Barnes DJ, Vecchia CD, Kay ST, White SDM, McCarthy IG, Schaye J, Bower RG, Crain RA, Theuns T, Jenkins A, McGee SL, Schaller M, Thomas PA, Trayford JW. The Hydrangea simulations: galaxy formation in and around massive clusters Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Correa CA, Schaye J, Clauwens B, Bower RG, Crain RA, Schaller M, Theuns T, Thob ACR. The relation between galaxy morphology and colour in the EAGLE simulation Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Trayford JW, Camps P, Theuns T, Baes M, Bower RG, Crain RA, Gunawardhana MLP, Schaller M, Schaye J, Frenk CS. Optical colours and spectral indices of z = 0.1 eagle galaxies with the 3D dust radiative transfer code skirt Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 470 :771-799 DOI Author Url Public Url

Font AS, McCarthy IG, Brun AMCL, Crain RA, Kelvin LS. The diversity of assembly histories leading to disc galaxy formation in a LambdaCDM model Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, 34 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Oppenheimer BD, Segers M, Schaye J, Richings AJ, Crain RA. Flickering AGN can explain the strong circumgalactic O VI observed by COS-Halos Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 474 :4740-4755 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Camps P, Trc̆ka A, Trayford J, Baes M, Theuns T, Crain RA, McAlpine S, Schaller M, Schaye J. Data Release of UV to Submillimeter Broadband Fluxes for Simulated Galaxies from the EAGLE Project Astrophysical Journal, 234 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Robertson A, Massey R, Eke V, Tulin S, Yu H-B, Bahé Y, Barnes DJ, Bower RG, Crain RA, Vecchia CD, Kay ST, Schaller M, Schaye J. The diverse density profiles of galaxy clusters with self-interacting dark matter plus baryons Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Usher C, Pfeffer J, Bastian N, Kruijssen JMD, Crain RA, Reina-Campos M. The origin of the 'blue tilt' of globular cluster populations in the E-MOSAICS simulations Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bielby RM, Stott JP, Cullen F, Tripp TM, Burchett J, Fumagalli M, Morris SL, Tejos N, Crain RA, Bower RG, Prochaska JX. Quasar Sightline and Galaxy Evolution (QSAGE) Survey - I. The Galaxy Environment of OVI Absorbers up to z=1.4 around PKS 0232-04 Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Thob ACR, Crain RA, McCarthy IG, Schaller M, Lagos CDP, Schaye J, Talens GJJ, James PA, Theuns T, Bower RG. The relationship between the morphology and kinematics of galaxies and its dependence on dark matter halo structure in EAGLE Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

McAlpine S, Smail I, Bower RG, Swinbank MA, Trayford JW, Theuns T, Baes M, Camps P, Crain RA, Schaye J. The nature of sub-millimeter and highly star-forming galaxies in the EAGLE simulation Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 488 :2440-2454 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Boecker A, Leaman R, Ven GVD, Norris MA, Mackereth T, Crain RA. A galaxy's accretion history unveiled from its integrated spectrum Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Stafford SG, McCarthy IG, Crain RA, Salcido J, Schaye J, Font AS, Kwan J, Pfeifer S. The BAHAMAS project: Effects of a running scalar spectral index on large-scale structure Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Author Url

Reina-Campos M, Hughes ME, Kruijssen JMD, Pfeffer JL, Bastian N, Crain RA, Koch A, Grebel EK. The mass fraction of halo stars contributed by the disruption of globular clusters in the E-MOSAICS simulations Author Url Public Url

Despali G, Lovell M, Vegetti S, Crain RA, Oppenheimer BD. The lensing properties of subhaloes in massive elliptical galaxies in sterile neutrino cosmologies Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, DOI Author Url Publisher Url

Conference publication

Crain RA. 2016. Predictions of hydrodynamic simulations for direct dark matter detection XIV International Conference on Topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics (TAUP 2015) DOI

Crain RA. 2016. The Fermi GeV excess: challenges for the dark matter interpretation DOI Author Url Public Url

Oppenheimer BD, Crain RA, Schaye J, Tumlinson J. 2015. The global oxygen yield budget followed in hydrodynamic simulations Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, 11 :180-181 DOI

Bozorgnia N, Calore F, Schaller M, Lovell M, Bertone G, Frenk CS, Crain RA, Navarro JF, Schaye J, Theuns T. Predictions of hydrodynamic simulations for direct dark matter detection Journal of Physics Conference Series, 718 :042007-042007 DOI Author Url Public Url

Li J-T, Bregman JN, Wang D, Crain RA, Anderson ME. The Circum-Galactic Medium of MASsive Spirals (CGM-MASS) I: Introduction to the XMM-Newton Large Project and a Case Study of NGC 5908 AAS/High Energy Astrophysics Division, 15 :402.04-402.04

Oppenheimer BD, Crain RA, Schaye J, Tumlinson J. The Global Oxygen Yield Budget Followed in Hydrodynamic Simulations IAU General Assembly, 22 :2255349-2255349

Bogdan A, Forman WR, Bourdin H, Crain RA, Sijacki D, Vogelsberger M, Kraft RP, Jones C, David LP, Churazov E, Gilfanov M, Mazzotta P. Testing Galaxy Formation Models: Characterizing Extended Hot X-ray Coronae Around Massive Spiral Galaxies American Astronomical Society Meeting Abstracts #221, 221 :313.06-313.06

Crain R, McCarthy P, Schaye J, Frenk C, Theuns T. Theoretical and observational insight into the hot side of galaxy formation Galaxy Formation, :80-80

Sales LV, Crain R, Frenk C, McCarthy I, Navarro J, Schaye J, Theuns T, White S. The rise and fall of disks in cosmological simulations Galaxy Formation, :59-59

McCarthy I, Schaye J, Bower R, Ponman T, Booth C, Crain R, Dalla Vecchia C, Springel V, Theuns T. The intracluster/intragroup medium Galaxy Formation, :54-54

Crain R. GIMIC-Galaxies-Intergalactic Medium Interaction Calculation Physics of Galactic Nuclei, :8-8

Other

Green AW, Glazebrook K, McGregor PJ, Damjanov I, Wisnioski E, Abraham RG, Colless M, Sharp RG, Crain RA, Poole GB, McCarthy PJ. VizieR Online Data Catalog: DYNAMO. Hα luminous galaxies sample (Green+, 2014) VizieR Online Data Catalog, 743

Crain R. Resolved imaging spectroscopy of highly magnified, star forming galaxies at high redshift

Crain R. The first gigayear of galaxy formation on 100 pc scales: a preview of ELT science

Engagement & Impact

Research Grants Awarded:

Royal Society, Novel extensions to state-of-the-art simulations of galaxy formation, Grant value (£): £434,000, Duration of research project: 3 years. 2019

The Royal Society, The next generation of holistic galaxy formation simulations at Liverpool John Moores University, Grant value (£): 37,942.00, Duration of research project: 2/0. 2017

NASA, HI and Low Metal Ions at the Intersection of Galaxies and the CGM, B.D. Oppenheimer; J. Schaye, A.J. Richings, Grant value (£): 100,000, Duration of research project: 1/0. 2017

Royal Society, Modelling the formation and evolution of globular clusters in realistic cosmological simulations of galaxies, Grant value (£): 14695, Duration of research project: 1/0. 2016

NASA, QSAGE - Quasar and Galaxy Evolution - 96 orbits with the Hubble Space Telescope., R.M. Bielby (Durham); J.P. Stott (Oxford), Grant value (£): 0, Duration of research project: 1 year. 2016

The Royal Society, Globular Cluster Formation and Evolution in the Context of Cosmological Galaxy Assembly, Prof N. Bastian, Prof M. Gieles, Grant value (£): 5000, Duration of research project: 0/1. 2016

DiRAC, The Virgo Consortium, The Virgo consortium, Grant value (£): 65 million core-hours, Duration of research project: 3 years. 2016

NASA, Dynamic Chemical Galaxy Formation, Benjamin D. Oppenheimer (University of Colorado); Joop Schaye (Leiden University), Grant value (£): 255000. 2014

Royal Society, Next generation cosmological gas-dynamical simulations at Liverpool John Moores University, None, Grant value (£): 75785. 2014

Royal Society, The gaseous Universe in realistic cosmological simulations, Grant value (£): 420645, Duration of research project: 5 years. 2014

NASA Astrophysics Theory Program, The sensitive side of galaxy formation, Ben Oppenheimer (Colorado), Joop Schaye (Leiden), Grant value (£): 82000, Duration of research project: 3 years. 2013

PRACE, EAGLE - Evolution & Assembly of GaLaxies and their Environments, Joop Schaye, Virgo Consortium, Grant value (£): 40 million core-hours, Duration of research project: 18 months. 2013

External PGR examinations performed:

University of Nottingham, PhD, The effect of environment in simulated galaxy clusters. 2019

University of the Western Cape, PhD, Neutral hydrogen in galaxies, its content and the effect of environment on its evolution. 2018

University of Melbourne, PhD, Dark-ages Reionization And Galaxy formation Observables from Numerical Simulations. 2018

Leiden University, PhD, Galaxy formation traced by heavy element pollution. 2017

Liverpool John Moores University, PhD, Low surface brightness galaxies and the galaxy stellar mass function. 2016

University of Western Australia, PhD, Understanding the physical growth of galaxies and their components. 2016

Leiden University, PhD, Dawn of the red & dead: stellar kinematics of massive quiescent galaxies out to z = 2. 2014

Leiden University, MSc. 2014

Leiden University, MSc. 2014

Other invited event:

Invited colloquium at University of Bath, Bath, Invited colloquium at the University of Bath. 2019

Invited colloquium, Zurich, Invited colloquium @ ETH (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology), Zurich. 2019

History of the Nearby Universe, University of Groningen, Netherlands, Invited review. 2018

SYNERGY BETWEEN LOW AND HIGH REDSHIFT GALAXY EVOLUTION STUDIES IN THE ERA OF JWST AND EUCLID, European Space Agency, Netherlands, Delivered Invited keynote. 2018

Intergalactic Interconnections, University of Marseille Aix Provence, Invited review talk at major international conference on extragalactic astronomy. 2018

Multi-scale star formation and feedback during galaxy assembly, International Wissenschaftsforum, Heidelberg, Delivered invited review and conference summary. 2018

EWASS2017, Prague, Invited review. 2017

Invited colloquium, University of Portsmouth, Invited colloquium at University of Portsmoutth. 2017

Invited colloquium, University of Cardiff, Invited colloquium at the University of Cardiff. 2016

Invited colloquium, University of Central Lancashire, Invited colloquium at UCLAN. 2016

Royal Observatory of Belgium Astronomy Day, Royal Observatory of Belgium, Brussels, Keynote lecture. 2016

The changing face of galaxies, Hobart, Australia, Invited review. 2016

LSST:UK Galaxies, Oxford University, Invited review. 2016

North West Astronomy festival, Runcorn, Public lecture. 2016

Invited speaker & participant, Lorentz Center, Netherlands, Speaker and participant at the invite-only Lorentz Center symposium in honour of Oort Professor Joe Silk. 2016

Invited speaker & participant, Schloss Ringberg, Germany, Speaker & participant at the invite-only Max Planck Society symposium "Computational Galaxy Formation". 2016

Invited speaker & participant, Schloss Elmau, Germany, Speaker and participant at the invite-only Simons Symposium "Galaxy winds: beyond phenomenology". 2016

Invited speaker, Royal Society HQ, Invited speaker at the biennial Royal Society Fellows' Conference. 2016

Royal Society Fellows' Conference 2016, Royal Society, London, Talk titled: The cosmos in a computer. 2016

Invited colloquium, Mullard Space Science Laboratory, UCL, Invited colloquium at MSSL (UCL). 2016

Invited colloquium, University of Oxford, Invited colloquium at the University of Oxford. 2016

Invited colloquium, Royal Observatory, University of Edinburgh, Invited colloquium at the Royal Observatory. 2015

Invited colloquium, University of Birmingham, Invited colloquium at the University of Birmingham. 2015

External PGR Supervision - completed students:

Leiden University, PhD, Monsters in the deep. 2018

Leiden University, MSc, Morphological & kinematical descriptors of simulated galaxies. 2014

Leiden University, MSc, PCA analysis of the properties of simulated galaxies. 2014

Leiden University, MSc, The role of recycling in the star formation rate of simulated galaxies. 2012

Conference organisation:

Liverpool Circumgalactic Medium Workshop, Chair. 2018

Globular Cluster Formation and Evolution in the Context of Cosmological Galaxy Assembly, Co-organiser, https://royalsociety.org/grants-schemes-awards/grants/international-seminars/. 2017

Multiwavelength Dissection of Galaxies, Scientific Organising Committee, http://www.aao.gov.au/conference/multiwavelength-dissection-of-galaxies. 2015

The Dynamic Nature of Baryons in Halos, Scientific organiser, https://www.lorentzcenter.nl/lc/web/2012/499/report.php3?wsid=499&venue=Oort. 2012

Royal Society: Meeting of Minds, Science Organising Committee.

Award:

Research Project of the Year (runner-up), Times Higher Education Awards, http://www.the-awards.co.uk/. 2016

Vice Chancellor's award for excellence in research, scholarship and knowledge transfer, LJMU. 2016

Research Project of the Year, Educate North, http://www.educatenorth.co.uk/2016-winners. 2016

Fellowships:

Royal Society University Research Fellowship, Liverpool John Moores University. 2014

Media Coverage:

http://metro.co.uk/2014/12/31/scientists-play-god-inside-matrix-like-virtual-universe-5004840/, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2892624/Could-mysteries-universe-revealed-computer-simulation-Amazing-program-backwards-forwards-cosmic-time.html, http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/meet-eagle-simulation-universe-created-cosmology-machine-1481482, Publication of the introductory EAGLE project study. Covered extensively in the UK (BBC, Daily Mail, Metro), overseas and online..

http://phys.org/news/2016-06-seeds-black-holes-revealed-gravitational.html, https://www.dur.ac.uk/research/news/item/?itemno=28425, http://www.gizmag.com/gravitational-waves-supermassive-black-hole/44051/, Seeds of supermassive black holes could be revealed by gravitational waves.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p047xy4r, https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/about-us/news/university-astrophysicist-starring-role-in-terrence-malick-hollywood-movie, Voyage of Time premiere - story featured on LJMU front page, and interviewed by BBC Radio Merseyside for the Paul Salt drivetime slot..

http://www.colorado.edu/news/releases/2016/06/06/wasteful-galaxies-launch-heavy-elements-surrounding-halos-and-deep-space-cu, Publication of Oppenheimer, Crain et al. (2016). Press release picked up widely by online media..

External collaboration:

http://www.virgo.dur.ac.uk/, Virgo Consortium, Virgo Consortium.

Other Professional Activity:

Completed the Royal Society / Imperial Business School course on "Leadership Effectiveness"..

Contributed to "The Astrophysics Exchange", a science-art collaboration between the ARI and Tate Liverpool..

External reviewer for DiRAC consortium.

Member, Astronomy & Cosmology panel of the DiRAC national supercomputing facility.