Mark graduated from the University of Warwick in 1984 with a degree in Mathematics. He worked as a Computer Systems Designer for the TI Group (now part of the Smiths Group) for three years. He then worked for 5 years as a Senior Analyst Programmer at Royal Insurance UK (now Royal Sun Alliance) before joining Liverpool John Moores University in 1992 as a Senior Lecturer in Information Systems.
He completed a PhD at Salford University in 1999 in Methodologies and Software Maintenance. He also completed a PG Cert in Learning and Teaching in Higher Education in 1999 at Liverpool John Moores University, and later completed a Masters in Education (including special educational needs) at Liverpool John Moores University in 2004.
Mark has produced over 100 publications including journal papers, conference papers, papers in books, and professional publications in the computing field. During his time at LJMU he has initiated seven Knowledge Transfer Projects funded by the UK Technology Strategy Board and the UK Department of Trade and Industry, and has received research funding from the UK Department of Communities and Local Government, Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service, Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, and The Mersey Sports Partnership.
Mark is a Chartered IT Professional, a Chartered Engineer, a Chartered Scientist, a Fellow of the British Computer Society, a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, and an examiner for the British Computer Society
2004, Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom, MA
1999, University of Salford, United Kingdom, PhD
1999, Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom, PG Cert Learning and Teaching in Higher Education
1984, University of Warwick, United Kingdom, BSc
BCS examiner, Examinations, British Computer Society, 2001 - present
Senior Lecturer, Computing, Liverpool John Moores University, 1992 - present
Part time lecturer, Accounting, West Cheshire College, 1989 - 1993
Reilly D, Taylor M, Fergus P, Chalmers C, Thompson S. 2021. Misper-Bayes: A Bayesian Network Model for Missing Person Investigations IEEE Access, DOI
Al-Khafajiy MOHAMMED, OTOUM S, Shamsa TB, ASIM M, MAAMAR Z, ALOQAILY M, Taylor MARK, Randles MARTIN. 2020. Intelligent Control and Security of Fog Resources in Healthcare Systems via a Cognitive Fog Model ACM Transactions on Internet Technology, DOI Public Url
Al-Khafajiy M, Shamsa TB, Asim M, Guo Z, Ranjan R, Longo A, Puthal D, Taylor M. 2020. COMITMENT: a Fog Computing Trust Management Approach Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing, 137 :1-16 DOI Author Url Public Url
Taylor MJ, Kwasnica V, Reilly D, Ravindran S. 2019. Game theory modelling of retail marketing discount strategies Marketing Intelligence and Planning, 37 :555-566 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url
Dean E, Taylor MJ, Reilly D. 2017. Internet of Things cooking safety Fire Risk Management Journal, October 2017 :19-22 Public Url
Dean E, Taylor MJ, Francis H, Lisboa P, Appleton D, Jones M. 2017. A methodological framework for geographic information systems development Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 34 :759-772 DOI Author Url Public Url
Taylor MJ, haggerty J, Gresty D, Criado Pacheco N, Almond P, Berry T. 2015. Investigating employee harassment via social media Journal of Systems and Information Technology, 17 :322-335 DOI Public Url
Arshad F, Nnamoko N, Wilson J, Roy B, Taylor M. 2015. Improving healthcare system usability without real users: A semi-parallel design approach International Journal of Healthcare Information Systems and Informatics, 10 :67-81 DOI Public Url
Taylor MJ, Stables R, Matata B, Lisboa PJG, Laws A, Almond P. 2014. Website design: technical, social and medical issues for self-reporting by elderly patients. Health Informatics J, 20 :136-150 DOI Author Url Public Url
Higgins E, Taylor M, Lisboa P, Arshad F. 2014. Developing a data sharing framework: A case study Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 8 :151-164 DOI
Haggerty J, Haggerty S, Taylor M. 2014. Forensic triage of email network narratives through visualisation Information Management and Computer Security, 22 :358-370 DOI
Morecroft CW, Shafiee N, Ford JL, Lisboa PJ, Taylor MJ, Mouzughi Y. 2013. Transformation in the Pharmaceutical Industry – a systematic analysis of operational evidence PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 67 :307-322 DOI Author Url
Shafiei N, Ford JL, Morecroft CW, Lisboa PJ, Taylor MJ. 2013. Characterization of the evolution of the pharmaceutical regulatory environment PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 67 :297-306 DOI Author Url
Shafiei N, Ford JL, Morecroft CW, Lisboa PJ, Taylor MJ, Mouzughi Y. 2013. Transformation in the pharmaceutical industry: transformation-induced quality risks--a survey. PDA J Pharm Sci Technol, 67 :229-246 DOI Author Url
Morecroft CW, Shafiei N, Ford JL, Lisboa PJ, Taylor MJ, Mouzughi Y. 2013. Transformation in the Pharmaceutical Industry – a systematic review of the literature PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, :105-122 DOI Author Url
Haggerty J, Casson MC, Haggerty S, Taylor MJ. 2012. A framework for the forensic analysis of user interaction with social media International Journal of Digital Crime and Forensics, 4 :15-30 DOI
Taylor M, Higgins E, Lisboa P. 2012. Testing geographical information systems: A case study in a fire prevention support system Journal of Systems and Information Technology, 14 :184-199 DOI
Taylor MJ, Higgins E, Francis M, Francis H. 2012. A Multiparadigm Approach to Developing Policy for the Location of Recreational Facilities SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE, 29 :240-252 DOI Author Url
Fergus P, Taylor M, Merabti M, Haggerty J, Bracegirdle L. 2011. Expanding tele-care: Using motion sensors for monitoring purposes Proceedings - 4th International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering, DeSE 2011, :19-23 DOI
Haggerty J, Karran AJ, Lamb DJ, Taylor MJ. 2011. A framework for the forensic investigation of unstructured email relationship data International Journal of Digital Crime and Forensics, 3 :1-18 DOI
Taylor M, Haggerty J, Gresty D, Lamb D. 2011. Forensic investigation of cloud computing systems Network Security, 2011 :4-10 DOI
Fergus P, Taylor M, Haggerty J, Bracegirdle L, Merabti M. 2010. Next generation body area networks and smart environments for healthcare :46-74 DOI
Taylor M, Haggerty J, Gresty D, Fergus P. 2010. Forensic investigation of peer-to-peer networks Network Security, 2010 :12-15 DOI
Taylor M, Baskett M, Wren C. 2010. Managing the transition to university for disabled students Education and Training, 52 :165-175 DOI
Taylor M, Haggerty J, Gresty D, Hegarty R. 2010. Digital evidence in cloud computing systems Computer Law and Security Review, 26 :304-308 DOI
Taylor M, Haggerty J, Gresty D. 2010. The legal aspects of corporate computer usage policies Computer Law and Security Review, 26 :72-76 DOI
Kinloch P, Francis H, Francis M, Taylor M. 2009. Supporting Crime Detection and Operational Planning with Soft Systems Methodology and Viable Systems Model SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE, 26 :3-14 DOI Author Url
Taylor M, Duffy S, England D. 2009. Teaching students with dyslexia in higher education Education and Training, 51 :139-149 DOI
Taylor M, Baskett M. 2009. The science and art of computer games development for undergraduate students ACM Computers in Entertainment, 7 DOI
Taylor M, Haggerty J, Gresty D. 2009. The Legal Aspects of Corporate E-mail Investigations Computer Law and Security Review, 25 :372-376 DOI
Taylor M, Pountney D. 2009. Animation as an aid for higher education computing teaching Transactions on Edutaintment, 5940 :203-218 DOI
Taylor MJ, Jones RP, Haggerty J, Gresty D. 2009. Teaching information technology law Journal of Further and Higher Education, 33 :473-481 DOI
Taylor M, Baskett M, Duffy S, Wren C. 2008. Teaching HE students with emotional and behavioural difficulties Education and Training, 50 :231-243 DOI
Taylor M, Duffy S, Hughes G. 2007. The use of animation in higher education to support students with dyslexia Education and Training, 49 :25-35 DOI
Taylor M, Pountney D, Malabar I. 2007. Animation as an aid for the teaching of mathematical concepts Journal of Further and Higher Education, 31 :249-261 DOI
Taylor M, Haggerty J, Gresty D. 2007. The legal aspects of corporate computer forensic investigations Computer Law and Security Review, 23 :562-566 DOI
Taylor M, Gresty D, Baskett M. 2006. Computer Game Flow Design ACM Computers in Entertainment, 4 DOI
Haggerty J, Taylor M. 2006. Managing corporate computer forensics Computer Fraud and Security, 2006 :14-16 DOI
Taylor M. 2005. The Development of the Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator role in a HE setting Journal of Support for Learning, 20 :22-27 DOI
Taylor M. 2005. Teaching students with austistic spectrum disorders in HE Education and Training, 47 :484-495 DOI
Taylor M, Sainz Salces F, Duffy S. 2005. Teaching website design: science or art? Journal of Further and Higher Education, 29 :331-340 DOI
Haggerty J, Taylor M. 2005. One born every minute Computer Bulletin, 47 :26-27 DOI
Taylor M. 2004. Security Maintenance Computer Bulletin, 46 :5-6
Taylor M, Moynihan E, McWilliam J, Gresty D. 2004. Teaching business IT Ethics: a Professional Approach Active Learning in Higher Education, 5 :43-55 DOI
Taylor M, McWilliam J, England D, Akomode J. 2004. Skills required in developing electronic commerce for small and medium enterprises: Case based generalization approach Journal of Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, 3 :253-265 DOI
Taylor M, McWilliam J, Sheehan J, Mulhaney A. 2002. Maintenance issues in the Web site development process JOURNAL OF SOFTWARE MAINTENANCE AND EVOLUTION-RESEARCH AND PRACTICE, 14 :109-122 DOI Author Url
Taylor M. 2002. Developing maintainable electronic commerce systems Computer Bulletin, 4 :26-27
Taylor M. 2002. Maintaining e-commerce Computer Bulletin (London, 1986), 44 :26-27 DOI
Taylor MJ, Reading M, Sheehan JF, Mulhaney A. 2001. Soft issues in small-scale network development and implementation: A case study in an SME SYSTEMIC PRACTICE AND ACTION RESEARCH, 14 :239-249 DOI Author Url
Taylor MJ, England D, Gresty D. 2001. Knowledge for Web site development Internet Research, 11 :451-461 DOI
Taylor M, McWilliam J. 2000. Netting 21st Century Customers Professional Manager, 9 :41-42
Moynihan E, Taylor M. 1997. Payroll Futures Payroll Managers Review, 1997 :94-95
Taylor M, Moynihan E, Wood-Harper AT. 1996. The use of systems development methodologies in small I.T. departments Systemist, 18 :33-40
Taylor M. 1995. Using screen flow diagrams for graphical user interface design Computing,
Moynihan E, Taylor M. 1995. Quality management for payroll administration Payroll Managers Review, 1995
Taylor MJ, baskett M, Allen M, francis H, kifayat K. Animation as an aid to support the teaching of cyber security concepts Innovations in Education and Teaching International, DOI Author Url Public Url
Trongtortam S, Taylor M, Symons A, Francis H, Sudirman S. 2018. Development of a Preliminary Model Guide for Using Mobile Learning Technology in Resource - Limited Primary Schools in Thailand 2018 11TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON DEVELOPMENTS IN ESYSTEMS ENGINEERING (DESE 2018), 11th International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering (DeSE) :83-88 DOI Author Url
Trongtortam S, Francis H, Taylor M, Sudirman S, Symons A. 2017. The Attitude towards the Use of Mobile Learning Technology Enhanced Teaching Hamdan H, AlJumeily D, Hussain A, Tawfik H, Hind J. 2017 10TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON DEVELOPMENTS IN ESYSTEMS ENGINEERING (DESE 2017), 10th International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering (DeSE) :135-138 DOI Author Url
Dean E, Taylor MJ, francis H, Clark A. 2016. An exploration of community and culture related fire injury risks UKAIS Public Url
Haggerty J, Taylor MJ. 2014. Retrieval and analysis of web search narratives for digital investigations Proceedings of the 10th International Network Conference, INC 2014, :153-162
Francis H, Taylor M, Wren C. 2013. Using Pictorial Representations to Support Teaching LJMU Teaching and Learning Conference
Haggerty J, Haggerty S, Taylor MJ. 2013. Visual triage of email network narratives for digital investigations Proceedings of the European Information Security Multi-Conference, EISMC 2013, :102-111
Taylor MJ, Higgins E. 2012. Developing a statistical methodology for improved identification of geographical areas at risk of accidental dwelling fires Geographical Information Science Research UK Conference
Kurdi R, Taleb-Bendiab A, Randles M, Taylor M. 2011. E-Government information systems and cloud computing (Readiness and analysis) Proceedings - 4th International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering, DeSE 2011, :404-409 DOI
Karran A, Haggerty J, Lamb DJ, Taylor M, Llewellyn-Jones D. 2011. A Social Network Discovery Model for Digital Forensics Investigations 6th IEEE Annual Workshop on Digital Forensics and Incident Analysis (WDFIA 2011) Publisher Url
Haggerty J, Lamb DJ, Taylor M. 2009. Social Network Visualization for Forensic Investigation of E-mail WDFIA, 4th IEEE Annual Workshop on Digital Forensics and Incident Analysis
Taylor MJ, Murtada A, Al-Jumeily D. 2008. An engineering research and development extranet design approach Proceedings - EMS 2008, European Modelling Symposium, 2nd UKSim European Symposium on Computer Modelling and Simulation, :283-288 DOI
Kinloch P, Francis H, Francis M, Taylor M. 2008. Police Operational Planning and Crime Detection through Adopting an Information Systems Approach IIT: 2008 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INNOVATIONS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, International Conference on Innovations in Information Technology :56-60 Author Url
Haggerty J, Taylor M, Gresty D. 2008. Determining Culpability in Investigations of Malicious E-Mail Dissemination within the Organisation Tryfonas T, Thomas P. THIRD INTERNATIONAL ANNUAL WORKSHOP ON DIGITAL FORENSICS AND INCIDENT ANALYSIS: WDFIA 2008, PROCEEDINGS, 3rd Annual International Workshop on Digital Forensics and Incident Analysis :12-+ DOI Author Url
Haggerty J, Llewellyn-Jones D, Taylor M. 2008. FORWEB: file fingerprinting for automated network forensic investigations e-Forensics Conference 2008 DOI
Taylor M, Haggerty J, Gresty D, Lisboa PJ. 2008. A corporate computer forensic investigation scoping model Advances in Computer Security and Forensics 3 Conference :60-66
Wren C, Haggerty J, Taylor M. 2008. An evaluation of signature-based forensic searches for malicious digital pictures Advances in Computer Security and Forensics 3 Conference :15-20
Francis H, Kinloch P, Taylor M, Francis M. 2007. Supporting Crime Detection and Operational Planning in Police Operations CBS KTU Trabzon, Turkey.
Haggerty J, Taylor M. 2007. FORSIGS: Forensic signature analysis of the hard drive for multimedia file fingerprints Venter H, Eloff M, Labuschagne L, Eloff J, VonSolms R. NEW APPROACHES FOR SECURITY, PRIVACY AND TRUST IN COMPLEX ENVIRONMENTS, 22nd International Information Security Conference 232 :1-+ DOI Author Url
Taylor M, Haggerty J, Gresty D. 2007. Criminal offences and corporate computer forensics Advances in Computer Security and Forensic 2 :27-31
Taylor M, Thompson R, Murtada A, Al-Jumeily D. 2007. A cybernetic model of new product development GERI Symposium
Evangelidis A, Akomode J, Taleb-Bendiab A, Taylor M. 2002. Risk assessment & success factors for e-Government in a UK establishment Traumuller R, Lenk K. ELECTRONIC GOVERNMENT, PROCEEDINGS, 1st International Conference on Electronic Government (EGOV 2002) 2456 :395-402 DOI Author Url
Taylor M, McWilliam J, Wade S, Anacoura W. 2002. A user centred website development approach IFIP e-Business challenge :171-184
Akomode J, Taleb-Bendiab A, Evangelidis A, Taylor M. 2002. UML approach to risk modelling for eGovernment European Conference on E-Government
Mulhaney A, Sheehan J, Taylor M. 2001. Closing the gap between theory and practice Business Education Support Team Conference: Maintainig Quality in Changing Times Publisher Url
McWilliam J, Taylor M, Gresty D, Sheehan J. 2001. Legal Issues in Website Deployment eContent Knowledge Management and Personalisation Workshop 2001 Publisher Url
Moynihan E, Laws A, Taylor M, Wade S. 2000. The ageing and death of business systems and software: a theorectical investigation BIT 2000 :35-42
Taylor M, McWilliam J, Duffy S. 2000. Developing an electronic commerce strategy for an SME BIT Conference
Taylor M, McWilliam J, Sheehan J, Mulhaney A. 2000. A website development process in the SME environment Gemisis Conference :138-143
Taylor M, Reading M, Sheehan J, Mulhaney A. 2000. A network development approach for small scale networks BIT 2000
Ding A, Taylor M. 2000. Adoption of information systems methodologies for web-based business systems implementation BIT 2000
Taylor M, Moynihan E, Laws A. 1999. Software maintenance teaching at Liverpool John Moores University International Conference on Software Maintenance 1999 Workshop on the Teaching of Software Engineering from a Maintenance Perspective :16-21
Taylor MJ, Moynihan EP, Akomode OJ. 1999. Supporting the end user computing process WoodHarper AT, Jayaratna N, Wood JRG. METHODOLOGIES FOR DEVELOPING AND MANAGING EMERGING TECHNOLOGY BASED INFORMATION SYSTEMS, 6th International Conference of the British-Computer-Society Specialist Group on Information Systems Methodologies :331-341 Author Url
Taylor M, Moynihan E, Ding A. 1999. Socio-technical aspects of software maintenance BIT 1999
Taylor M, Jackson C, Laws A, Ding A. 1999. A Survey of year 2000 comlpiance strategies BIT 1999
Moynihan E, Taylor M. 1998. A historical view of business systems maintenance BCS International Conference on Information Systems Methodologies
Akomode J, Taylor M. 1998. Evaluating risk and quality elements through an IT system to support decision making for new products BIT 1998
Taylor M, Moynihan E, Whiteley K. 1997. Formal approaches to software development and maintenance: how education and training might expland their use BCS Annual Conference on Methodologies :201-210
Moynihan E, Taylor M. 1997. Business systems development: human resource management and education BCS Annual Conference on Methodologies :97-108
Manderson R, Moynihan E, Taylor M. 1997. Software quality improvement through education in change management BCS International Conference on Software Process Improvement
Laws A, Moynihan E, Taylor M. 1997. Away from methodologies and back to standards: a forgotten approach to improving IT quality International Conference on Software Quality :29-37
Manderson R, Moynihan E, Taylor M. 1997. Improving software quality through education in change management International Conference on Software Quality :97-108
Moynihan E, Taylor M. 1997. Research into improving the development and maintenance of business systems Software Engineering Workshop :23-25
Taylor M, Moynihan E, Duffy S. 1996. The problems of systems maintenance management BCS Conference on Methodologies 1996
Moynihan E, Taylor M. 1996. A comparative examination of historical and current business systems development BCS Conference on Methodologies
Taylor M, Moynihan E. 1995. What causes software projects to fail BCS ISM Conference :301-309
Taylor M, Rogers A. 1995. From SSM to OOA Advances in Computer Cybernetics :25-29
Taylor M, Moynihan E. 1995. The evolution of systems methodologies and why they are sometimes not used BCS ISM Conference :249-261
Taylor M, Wade S. 1995. Systems maintenance and information strategy planning IEEE International Conference on Re-Technologies for Information Systems 1995 :129-133
Sarshar M, Wade S, Taylor M. 1995. Towards and analysis and design methodology for multi-media environments Lasker G. Advances in database and expert systems :176-180
Moynihan E, Taylor M, Wade S. 1995. Continual innovation and renovation with business systems IEEE International Conference on Re-technologies for information sysetms :187-197
Taylor M, Moynihan E. 1995. Approaches for teachingthe modelling of complex business functions using object oriented techniques Tattoo 1995
SHELTON JA, BROOKS P, MOYNIHAN E, TAYLOR M. 1994. IONIA - INVESTIGATING SYSTEMS-ANALYSIS AND THE DESIGN OF INFORMATION-SYSTEMS Robertson SA. CONTEMPORARY ERGONOMICS 1994: ERGONOMICS FOR ALL, Ergonomics-Societys 1994 Annual Conference - Contemporary Ergonomics 1994: Ergonomics for All :52-57 Author Url
Taylor M, Ramachandran M. 1994. The Reuse of Methods IEEE, IEEE Euromicro 1994 :459-462 DOI
Ramachandran M. 1994. Requirements for object oriented analysis methods BCS Information Systems Methodologies Conference :217-221
Shelton A, Brookes P, Moynihan E, Taylor M. 1994. Asking users? Investigating systems analysis and the design of information systems Ergonomics society conference
Taylor M, Sarshar M, Moynihan E, Ramachandran M. 1994. Objects and the real world Tatto 1994
Sarshar M, Pountney D, Taylor M, Ng E. 1994. Intelligent multimedia learning system in the domian of object oriented analysis Tattoo 1994
Taylor M, Ramachandra M. 1993. Towards a practical object-oriented design paradigm BCS ISM :485-496
Taylor M. 1997. Managing systems maintenance Financial Times/Prentice Hall 9780273632153
Membership of professional bodies:
Member, Operational Research Society. 2018
Chartered Engineer, Engineering Council.
Chartered IT Professional, British Computer Society.
Chartered Scientist, Science Council.
British Computer Society Panel of Examiners, British Computer Society, Examiner.
Chartered Fellow, Britsh Computer Society.
Fellow, UK Higher Education Academy.
Research Grants Awarded:
Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, On-line patient self-reporting of health status project, P. Lisboa, M. Taylor, A. Laws, Grant value (£): £10,000, Duration of research project: 2011-2012.
Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service, Customer Insight Project, Grant value (£): £44,000, Duration of research project: 2012 - 2013.
Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service, Web-Based GIS for analysis of house fires, M. Francis, H. Francis, M. Taylor, Grant value (£): £16,000, Duration of research project: 2007-2008.
Sports Partnership Merseyside, General Urban Sport Simulator Geographic Information System for analysis of participation in sports activity, M. Francis, H. Francis, M. Taylor, Grant value (£): £16,000, Duration of research project: 2008-2009.
UK Department of Communities and Local Government, Fire incident reduction partnership project, Grant value (£): £77,716, Duration of research project: 2010 – 2012.
UK Department of Trade and Industry / Chequespread, Knowledge Transfer Project, E. Moynihan, J. Sheehan, A. Mulvaney, M. Taylor, Grant value (£): £154,000, Duration of research project: 1999 - 2001.
UK Department of Trade and Industry / EPSRC / Bridisco, Knowledge Transfer Project, Grant value (£): £93,000, Duration of research project: 2006 – 2008.
UK Department of Trade and Industry / Outdoormegastore, Knowledge Transfer Project, M. Taylor, M. Hanneghan, Grant value (£): £94,000, Duration of research project: 2001 – 2003.
UK Department of Trade and Industry / Shipping Services Ltd, Knowledge Transfer Project, Grant value (£): £80,000, Duration of research project: 1996-1998.
UK Department of Trade and Industry / The Mersey Partnership, Knowledge Transfer Project, Grant value (£): £94,000, Duration of research project: 2001-2003.
UK Departmnet of Trade and Industry / Morrisons Ltd, Knowledge Transfer Project, J. Sheehan, A. Mulvaney, M. Taylor, Grant value (£): £77,000, Duration of research project: 1999-2001.
UK Technology Strategy Board / Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service, Fire Risk Modelling, M. Francis, H. Francis, M. Taylor, Grant value (£): £83,000, Duration of research project: 2009 – 2010.
UKAIS, Cultural practices and accidental dwelling fire risk project, M. Taylor, H. Francis, Grant value (£): £2000, Duration of research project: 2015 – 2016.