Dr Patrick Byrne

School of Biological and Environmental Sciences

Position: Reader in Hydrology and Environmental Pollution

I joined the School of Natural Sciences and Psychology in September 2012 as a Lecturer in Geography. Prior to this, I held research positions at Lancaster University and Manchester Metropolitan University in river science and sediment geochemistry, respectively. I have also worked in environmental consultancy as a Hydraulic Engineer and an Environmental Scientist.

My teaching and research interests are centred on understanding the origin, transport and fate of environmental pollutants in terrestrial and aquatic systems. I am particularly interested in the hydrological and biogeochemical processes that affect trace metal and nutrient cycling. My research employs a variety of field, analytical and advanced statistical and modelling techniques to understand how pollutants move through the environment and interact with humans and ecosystems. My research comprises four general themes:

Theme (1): Transport and biogeochemical transformation of contaminants at the groundwater-surface water interface (the hyporheic zone)

Theme (2): Application of hydrologic tracers and numerical modelling to understand the behaviour and fate of contaminants in river catchments

Theme (3): The interaction between contaminants and ecosystems, in particular the effect on community structure and behaviour

Theme (4): Development of in-situ sensing technologies for water quality monitoring

Current PGR students:
- Chris Forshaw (PhD): Trace metal dynamics in the Meres and Mosses of Cheshire and Shropshire
- Aaron Todd (PhD): Mapping hydrological flows in an abandoned lead mine in Wales
- James MacDonald (MPhil): Rare earth elements in coastal legacy wastes

Former PGR students:
- Sandisiwe Thisani (PhD): Acid mine drainage treatment for abandoned gold mines using pervious concrete: A systems engineering approach, 2022
- Lewis Carney (MPhil): Hydrological and geochemical mechanisms controlling the flux of trace metals from contaminated sediments to river water, 2022
- Ilaria Frau (PhD): Development of a novel real-time water quality sensing platform based on functionalised electro-magnetic wave sensors, 2020
- Patrizia Onnis (PhD): Application of hydrologic tracers to apportion sources and transport pathways of contaminants in mining-impacted river catchments, 2020
- George Dallow (MPhil): Quantifying transient storage in river restoration schemes, 2020
- Sarah Lynch (PhD): Establishing the environmental risk of metal contaminated river bank sediments, 2015

Degrees

2010, Loughborough University, United Kingdom, PhD Geography
2004, University of Leeds, United Kingdom, MSc Catchment Dynamics and Management
2003, University College Dublin, Ireland, MA Geography
2001, University College Dublin, Ireland, BA Geography

Academic appointments

Reader in Hydrology and Environmental Pollution, Liverpool John Moores University, 2020 - present
Senior Lecturer in Geography, Liverpool John Moores University, 2012 - present
Senior Reserach Associate, Lancaster University, 2011 - 2012
Research Assistant, Manchester Metropolitan University, 2010 - 2011

Journal article

Thisani SK, Kallon DVV, Byrne PA. 2022. Co-remediation of acid mine drainage and industrial effluent using passive permeable reactive barrier pre-treatment and active co-bioremediation Minerals, 12 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Bird G, Hudson-Edwards KA, Byrne P, Macklin MG, Brewer PA, Williams RD. 2021. River sediment geochemistry and provenance following the Mount Polley mine tailings spill, Canada: the role of hydraulic sorting and sediment dilution processes in contaminant dispersal and remediation. Applied Geochemistry, 134 :105086-105086 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Friedman H, Adams R, Anderson J, Byrne P, Gilbertson D, Grattan J, Haylock K, Holman L, Hunt CO, Toland H. 2021. Floodwater farming and quarrying at Jabal Hamra Arlbieg in the Jordanian desert: Economic support for the classical period Faynan Orefield Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Thisani SK, Von Kallon DV, Byrne PA. 2021. Effects of contact time and flow configuration on the acid mine drainage remediation capabilities of pervious concrete Sustainability, 13 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Byrne P, Yendell A, Frau I, Todd AML. 2021. Identification and prioritisation of mine pollution sources in a temperate watershed using tracer injection and synoptic sampling Mine Water and the Environment, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Thisani S, Vandi Von Kallon D, Byrne P. 2021. Review of Remediation Solutions for Acid Mine Drainage Using the Modified Hill Framework Sustainability, 13 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Thisani S, Vandi Von Kallon D, Byrne P. 2021. A fixed bed pervious concrete anaerobic bioreactor for biological sulphate remediation of acid mine drainage using simple organic matter Sustainability, 12 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Frau I, Wylie S, Byrne P, Onnis P, Cullen J, Mason A, Korostynska O. 2021. Microwave sensors for in situ monitoring of trace metals in polluted water Sensors, 21 :3147-3147 DOI Author Url

Heathwaite AL, Heppell CM, Binley A, Byrne PA, Lansdown K, Trimmer M, Ullah S, Zhang H. 2021. Spatial and temporal dynamics of nitrogen exchange in an upwelling reach of a groundwater-fed river and potential response to perturbations changing rainfall patterns under UK climate change scenarios Hydrological Processes, 35 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Byrne P, Fuller CC, Naftz DL, Runkel RL, Lehto NJ, Dam WL. 2021. Transport and speciation of uranium in groundwater-surface water systems impacted by legacy milling operations Science of the Total Environment, 761 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Thisani SK, Kallon DVV, Byrne P. 2020. Geochemical classification of global mine water drainage Sustainability, 12 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Byrne P, Onnis P, Runkel R, Frau I, Lynch S, Edwards P. 2020. Critical shifts in trace metal transport and remediation performance under future low river flows Environmental Science and Technology (Washington), 54 :15742-15750 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Haynes HM, Taylor KG, Rothwell JJ, Byrne P. 2020. Characterisation of road-dust sediment in urban systems: A review of a global challenge Journal of Soils and Sediments, 20 :4194-4194 DOI Author Url

Frau I, Wylie S, Byrne PA, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Mason A. 2019. Functionalised microwave sensors for real-time monitoring of copper and zinc concentration in mining-impacted water Abbaspour M. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 17 :1861-1876 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Frau I, Wylie S, Byrne PA, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Mason A. 2019. Detection of Zn in water using novel functionalised planar microwave sensors Materials Science and Engineering: B, 247 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Hudson-Edwards KA, Byrne P, Bird G, Brewer PA, Burke IT, Jamieson HE, Macklin MG, Williams RD. 2019. Origin and fate of Vanadium in the Hazeltine Creek Catchment following the 2014 Mount Polley mine tailings spill, British Columbia, Canada Environmental Science and Technology, 53 :4088-4098 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Byrne PA, Hudson-Edwards KA. 2018. Three ways making a smartphone can harm the environment The Conversation, Publisher Url Public Url

Lynch SFL, Batty LC, Byrne PA. 2018. Environmental risk of severely Pb-contaminated riverbank sediment as a consequence of hydrometeorological perturbation Science of the Total Environment, 636 :1428-1441 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Byrne PA, Hudson-Edwards KA, Bird G, Macklin MG, Brewer PA, Williams RD, Jamieson HE. 2018. Water quality impacts and river system recovery following the 2014 Mount Polley mine tailings dam spill, British Columbia, Canada Applied Geochemistry, 91 :64-74 DOI

Frau I, Korostynska O, Mason A, Byrne PA. 2018. Comparison of electromagnetic wave sensors with optical and low-frequency spectroscopy methods for real-time monitoring of lead concentrations in mine water Mine Water and the Environment, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Byrne P, Taylor KG, Hudson-Edwards KA, Barrett JES. 2017. Speciation and potential long-term behaviour of chromium in urban sediment particulates Journal of Soils and Sediments, 17 :2666-2676 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Lopez-Tarazon JA, Byrne PA, van der Perk M. 2017. Preface. Transfer of sediments and contaminants in catchments and rivers Journal of Soils and Sediments, 17 :2577-2581 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Byrne P, Runkel RL, Walton-Day KA. 2017. Synoptic sampling and principal components analysis to identify sources of water and metals to an acid mine drainage stream Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20 :17220-17240 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Lynch SFL, Batty LC, Byrne P. 2017. Critical control of flooding and draining sequences on the environmental risk of Zn-contaminated riverbank sediments Journal of Soils and Sediments, 17 :2691-2707 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Lansdown K, Heppell CM, Trimmer M, Binley A, Heathwaite AL, Byrne P, Zhang H. 2015. The interplay between transport and reaction rates as controls on nitrate attenuation in permeable, streambed sediments Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 120 :1093-1109 DOI Author Url

Byrne PA, Zhang H, Ullah S, Binley A, Heathwaite AL, Heppell CM, Lansdown K, Trimmer M. 2015. Diffusive equilibrium in thin-films (DET) provides evidence of suppression of hyporheic exchange and large-scale nitrate transformation in a groundwater-fed river Hydrological Processes, 29 :1385-1396 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Byrne PA, Binley A, Heathwaite AL, Ullah S, Heppell CM, Lansdown K, Zhang H, Trimmer M, Keenan P. 2014. Control of river stage on the reactive chemistry of the hyporheic zone Hydrological Processes, 28 :4766-4779 DOI

Heppell C, Heathwaite AL, Binley A, Byrne PA, Ullah S, Lansdown K, Keenan P, Trimmer M, Zhang H. 2014. Interpreting spatial patterns in redox and coupled water-nitrogen fluxes in the streambed of a gaining river reach Biogeochemistry, 117 :491-509 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Lynch SFL, Batty LC, Byrne PA. 2014. Environmental risk of metal mining contaminated river bank sediments at redox-transitional zones Minerals, 4 :52-73 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Byrne PA, Reid I, Wood PJ. 2013. Stormflow hydrochemistry in a river draining an abandoned metal mine: the Afon Twymyn Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185 :2817-2832 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Byrne PA, Reid I, Wood PJ. 2013. Changes in macroinvertebrate community structure provide evidence of neutral mine drainage impacts Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 15 :393-404 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Binley A, Ullah S, Heathwaite AL, Heppell CM, Byrne PA, Lansdown K, Trimmer M, Zhang H. 2013. Revealing the spatial variability of water fluxes at the groundwater-surface water interface Water Resources Research, 49 :3978-3992 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Byrne PA, Wood PJ, Reid I. 2012. The impairment of river systems by metal mine contamination: A review including remediation options Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 42 :2017-2077 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Byrne PA, Reid I, Wood PJ. 2010. Sediment geochemistry of streams draining abandoned lead / zinc mines in central Wales: the Afon Twymyn Journal of Soils and Sediments, 10 :683-697 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Conference publication

Byrne P, Onnis P, Runkel RL, Frau I, Lynch SFL, Brown AML, Robertson I, Edwarsd P. 2022. Numerical Modelling of Mine Pollution to Inform Remediation Decision-making in Watersheds Stanley P, Wolkersdorfer C, Wolkersdorfer K. IMWA 2021 - Mine Water Management for Future Generations :66-71 Author Url

Riley AL, Onnis P, Jennings E, Crane RA, Hudson-Edwards KA, Comber SDW, Burke IT, Byrne P, Gandy CJ, Jarvis AP, Mayes WM. 2022. A GIS-Based Prioritisation Of Coastal Legacy Mine Spoil Deposits In England And Wales For Effective Future Management Stanley P, Wolkersdorfer C, Wolkersdorfer K. IMWA 2021 - Mine Water Management for Future Generations :458-464 Author Url

Todd AML, Robertson I, Walsh RPD, Byrne P, Edwards P, Williams T. 2022. Source Apportionment of Trace Metals at the Abandoned Nantymwyn Lead-Zinc Mine, Wales Stanley P, Wolkersdorfer C, Wolkersdorder K. IMWA 2021 - Mine Water Management for Future Generations :563-568 Author Url

Yendell A, Byrne P. 2022. Emerging Opportunities for Improving Legacy Metal Mine Water Pollution Driven by Changing Regulatory Environments and Outputs of Novel Fieldwork in the Southern Uplands of Scotland Stanley P, Wolkersdorfer C, Wolkersdorfer K. IMWA 2021 - Mine Water Management for Future Generations :638-644 Author Url

Frau I, Wylie S, Byrne P, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Mason A. 2019. Continuous Detection of Copper and Bromide in Polluted Water using f-EM Sensors 2018 Twelfth International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) :35-38 DOI Author Url

Frau I, Wylie S, Byrne PA, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Mason A. 2018. Screen-Printed f-EM Sensors based on two chelating-polymers and a metal oxide for the continuous detection of Cu ions in surface water Proceedings, Eurosensors 2018 2 :828-832 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Frau I, Wylie S, Byrne PA, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Mason A. 2018. New Sensing System Based on Electromagnetic Waves and Functionalised EM Sensors for Continuous Monitoring of Zn in Freshwater Proceedings of 11th ICARD-IMWA-MWD Conference – Risk to Opportunity, 11th ICARD-IMWA-MWD Conference – Risk to Opportunity 1 Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Onnis P, Byrne PA, Hudson-Edwards KA, Stott T, Hunt C. 2018. Source Apportionment of Trace Metals Over a Range of Stream Flows Using a Multi-method Tracer Approach 11th ICARD-IMWA-MWD Conference – Risk to Opportunity 1 :843-843 Author Url Publisher Url

Frau I, Korostynska O, Byrne PA, Mason A. 2017. Feasibility of in-situ quality assessment of zinc contamination in water IEEE First Ukraine Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (UKRCON2017) :249-252 DOI Author Url

Frau I, Korostynska O, Byrne P, Mason A. 2017. Continuous Monitoring of Zn in Water with Bismuth Oxide Thick-film using Microwave and Electric Techniques 2017 ELEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SENSING TECHNOLOGY (ICST), 11th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST) :506-511 DOI Author Url

Korostynska O, Mason A, Byrne PA. 2016. The use of electromagnetic sensors to determine heavy metal content in mine waters SGEM 2016 Conference Proceedings, 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 1 :765-772 DOI Author Url Publisher Url

Byrne PA, Zhang H, Heathwaite AL, Binley A, Ullah S, Kaeser D, Heppell K, Lansdown K, Trimmer M. 2013. Passive pore water sampling provides evidence of suppression of hyporheic exchange and nitrate transformation in a groundwater-fed river Lekkas TD. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology, 13th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology Author Url

Byrne PA, Reid I, Wood PJ. 2009. Short-term fluctuations in heavy metal concentrations during flood events through abandoned metal mines, with implications for aquatic ecology and mine water treatment Proceedings of the International Mine Water Conference, International Mine Water Conference :124-129 Publisher Url Public Url

Report

Byrne PA, Yendell A. 2020. Source apportionment of metal mine pollution in Wanlock Water using tracer injection and synoptic sampling Publisher Url Public Url

Runkel RL, Verplanck PL, McCleskey RB, Walton-Day K, Byrne P. 2019. Synoptic sampling data from Illinois Gulch and Iron Springs near Breckenridge, Colorado, August 2016 and September 2017 U.S. Geological Survey Data Release DOI

Naftz DL, Fuller CC, Runkel RL, Briggs MA, Solder JE, Cain DJ, Short TM, Gardner WP, Byrne PA, Goble D. 2018. Hydrologic, biogeochemical, and radon data collected within and adjacent to the Little Wind River near Riverton, Wyoming U.S. Geological Survey Data Release DOI Author Url

Chapters

Frau I, Wylie S, Cullen J, Korostynska O, Byrne PA, Mason A. 2019. Microwaves and functional materials: a novel method to continuously detect metal ions in water Mukhopadhyay S, Jayasundera KP, Postolache OA. Modern Sensing Technologies 29 :179-201 Springer. Cham 978-3-319-99540-3 DOI

Research Grants Awarded:

Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and Philippine Council for Industry, Energy and Emerging Technologies Research and Development (PCIEERD), PAMANA: Philippine Mining at the National to Catchment Scale - from Legacy Impacts to Sustainable Futures, Co-I, Grant value (£): 1,499,770. 2021

CONICYT, Future impacts of climate change on global water resources and mineral exploitation, Co-I, Grant value (£): 18,000. 2019

Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), Legacy wastes in the coastal zone: environmental risks and management futures, Co-I, Grant value (£): 1,851,791. 2019

Advanced Mining Technology Centre (University of Chile), Sources, transport and fate of contaminants in mining-impacted rivers, Co-I, Grant value (£): 10,500. 2019

Scottish Environment Protection Agency, Source apportionment of metal mine pollution in the Leadhills area using novel fieldwork techniques, P-I, Grant value (£): 17,000. 2019

Liverpool City Council, Runoff Water Analysis for Urban Greenup Project, P-I, Grant value (£): 14,280. 2019

Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), Developing environmental regulator capability in source apportionment and remediation of mine pollution, P-I, Grant value (£): 37,034. 2018

British Council, A Procedure for Acid Mine Drainage Treatment Using Pervious Concrete - A systems analysis approach, P-I, Grant value (£): 20,000. 2018

U.S. Department of Energy, Identification and quantification of the interaction and potential impact of a legacy groundwater uranium plume with the Little Wind River, Riverton processing site, Wyoming, P-I, Grant value (£): 16,500. 2017

Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), Quantifying the role of nanoparticles in fluvial metal flux in mining-impacted catchments, P-I, Grant value (£): 16,000 equivalent. 2017

Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), Identification and characterization of nanoparticles as potential sources of trace metals in mining-impacted catchments, P-I, Grant value (£): Funded access to the SFTC Diamond Syncrotron, Duration of research project: 30,000 equivalent. 2017

Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), Microfocus XAS investigations of the speciation of vanadium in tailings from the Mount Polley dam spill: Implications for catchment recovery, Co-I, Grant value (£): 30,000 equivalent. 2016

Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), The long-term environmental impacts of the Mount Polley mine tailings spill and related clean-up operations, British Columbia, Canada, Co-I, Grant value (£): 64,950. 2014

Shropshire Wildlife Trust, Use of buffer strips for reducing water pollution in the Meres and Mosses, P-I, Grant value (£): 63,857. 2013

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