Liverpool Skylilne

Sport and Exercise Sciences

Prof Bill Baltzopoulos

Prof Bill Baltzopoulos

Biography

Bill Baltzopoulos was appointed as Head of the Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences (RISES) in February 2016.

He is a Professor of Biomechanics and his academic career started at Liverpool University where he completed a PhD on knee joint biomechanics after his undergraduate studies at the Aristotelian University of Thessaloniki in Greece. He was then appointed as Lecturer in Biomechanics in 1990 at the Department of Movement Sciences in the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Liverpool. He moved to Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU) as a Reader in Biomechanics in 1995 and after a brief period as Associate Professor at the University of Thessaly in Greece between 1999-2001, he returned to the School of Healthcare Sciences in the Faculty of Science and Engineering of MMU as Professor of Biomechanics. He moved to Brunel University London in 2011 where he was was appointed to a Chair in Biomechanics in the Division of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences and he was the Director of Research in the Department of Life Sciences and the Director of the Centre for Sports Medicine and Human Performance (2014-2016) in the College of Health and Life Sciences.

His main research interests and work are focused on the biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system. His team have unique expertise in using an innovative combination of modern imaging techniques that include X-Ray video, MRI and ultrasound for studying in vivo muscle-tendon and joint function. These techniques allow the development of accurate and individualised biomechanical models of the musculoskeletal system to study joint and muscle forces and the loading of different tissues during various movements, pathological conditions and sports activities. They are the only group in the world that combined isokinetic dynamometry with X-Ray video to examine knee joint and muscle in-vivo function in both static and dynamic conditions. This has led to significant advancements in muscle-tendon mechanics knowledge and applications in the areas of human movement, ageing, rehabilitation, exercise and sport. Their research work has been funded by grants from charitable organisations and the main UK Research Councils in addition to cross research council initiatives such as the New Dynamics of Ageing (NDA), the Canada-UK Aging Initiative and the European Union through an Erasmus Mundus PhD programme network (MOVE-AGE), and more recently from Arthritis Research UK and Action Medical Research in collaboration with colleagues at Brunel and other UK and EU Universities.

He has published over 110 papers with a Citation Index of 4512 and an h-index of 42. He is the author of several book chapters on general muscle function and assessment of muscle strength, and the author of the Isokinetic Dynamometry section of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Science (BASES) guidelines for biomechanical assessment and the lead author of the recent BASES expert position statement on assessment of muscle strength with Isokinetic Dynamometry. He has supervised over 30 PhD and MPhil students, examined more than 10 PhD students at home and abroad and delivered Keynote and other invited presentations at over 40 meetings and Conferences. He was Editor of the Biomechanics Section of the Journal of Sport Sciences (2001-2006) and member of the Editorial Board of various other journals including Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology (Biomechanics), member of the Advisory Board of the European Journal of Applied Physiology and Consulting Editor of the Journal of Biomechanics.

He has experience of working in research council and other funder and research quality assessment organisations both home and abroad. He was appointed to the pool of BBSRC Committee members and served as a BBSRC Committee A member between 2009-10 including the round of applications under the joint BBSRC-UK Sport call on Sports Sciences research linked to the 2012 Olympic Games and he is currently a member of the EPSRC Reviewer College. He was also appointed and served as member and the only biomechanics expert in the RAE 2008 sub-panel on Sport Related Studies (K-46). In the more recent research assessment cycle he was appointed as deputy chair of sub-panel 26 (Sport and Exercise Sciences) in Main Panel C of the Research Excellence Framework 2014 (REF2014).

He is a member of various professional and scientific associations including ISB, ESB, ECSS, ISBS (Board of Directors 1999-2001) and a Fellow of BASES having served in various roles of the Association (Biomechanics Section Education Committee 1996-1998, Biomechanics Section Chair 1998-1999, BASES Executive Committee 1998-1999). He was also a founding member and first Chair of the Greek Society of Biomechanics (2005-2007).

Research areas:

Biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system in normal and pathological conditions
Musculoskeletal modelling for optimising performance, predicting joint loading and preventing musculoskeletal injuries in sport and exercise
Muscle and tendon in vivo function and implications for performance
Ageing of the musculoskeletal system and biomechanical implications for mobility, stair negotiation and falls
Muscle and joint function assessment, training and rehabilitation using Isokinetic Dynamometry
Development of novel imaging techniques for the assessment of in vivo musculoskeletal function

Publications

Highlighted publications

Margaritelis NV, Theodorou AA, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN, Paschalis V, Kyparos A, Nikolaidis MG. 2015. Muscle damage and inflammation after eccentric exercise: can the repeated bout effect be removed? Physiological reports, 3

Telonio A, Blanchet S, Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Villeneuve S, McFadyen BJ. 2014. The division of visual attention affects the transition point from level walking to stair descent in healthy, active older adults EXPERIMENTAL GERONTOLOGY, 50 :26-33 >DOI >Link

Telonio A, Blanchet S, Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, McFadyen BJ. 2013. The detailed measurement of foot clearance by young adults during stair descent JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 46 :1400-1402 >DOI >Link

Di Giulio I, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN, Loram ID. 2013. Human standing: does the control strategy preprogram a rigid knee? JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 114 :1717-1729 >DOI >Link

Journal Articles

Bampouras TM, Reeves ND, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN. 2017. The role of agonist and antagonist muscles in explaining isometric knee extension torque variation with hip joint angle European Journal of Applied Physiology, 117 :2039-2045 >DOI

Bampouras TM, Reeves ND, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN. 2017. Interplay between body stabilisation and quadriceps muscle activation capacity Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 34 :44-49 >DOI

Santuz A, Ekizos A, Janshen L, Baltzopoulos V, Arampatzis A. 2017. On the Methodological Implications of Extracting Muscle Synergies from Human Locomotion International Journal of Neural Systems, 27 >DOI

Selfe J, Janssen J, Callaghan M, Witvrouw E, Sutton C, Richards J, Stokes M, Martin D, Dixon J, Hogarth R, Baltzopoulos V, Ritchie E, Arden N, Dey P. 2016. Are there three main subgroups within the patellofemoral pain population? A detailed characterisation study of 127 patients to help develop targeted intervention (TIPPs) BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 50 :873-U113 >DOI >Link

Telonio A, Blanchet S, Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Villeneuve S, McFadyen BJ. 2015. The division of visual attention affects the transition point from level walking to stair descent in healthy, active older adults (vol 50, pg 26, 2014) EXPERIMENTAL GERONTOLOGY, 61 :156-156 >DOI >Link

Margaritelis NV, Theodorou AA, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN, Paschalis V, Kyparos A, Nikolaidis MG. 2015. Muscle damage and inflammation after eccentric exercise: can the repeated bout effect be removed? Physiological reports, 3

Telonio A, Blanchet S, Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Villeneuve S, McFadyen BJ. 2014. The division of visual attention affects the transition point from level walking to stair descent in healthy, active older adults EXPERIMENTAL GERONTOLOGY, 50 :26-33 >DOI >Link

Telonio A, Blanchet S, Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, McFadyen BJ. 2013. The detailed measurement of foot clearance by young adults during stair descent JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 46 :1400-1402 >DOI >Link

Di Giulio I, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN, Loram ID. 2013. Human standing: does the control strategy preprogram a rigid knee? JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 114 :1717-1729 >DOI >Link

O'Brien TD, Reeves ND, Baltzopoulos V, Jones DA, Maganaris CN. 2012. Commentary on Child-Adult Differences in Muscle Activation-A Review PEDIATRIC EXERCISE SCIENCE, 24 :22-25 >Link

Metcalfe SA, Bowling FL, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris C, Reeves ND. 2012. The reliability of measurements taken from radiographs in the assessment of paediatric flat foot deformity Foot, 22 :156-162 >DOI

Bampouras TM, Reeves ND, Baltzopoulos V, Jones DA, Maganaris CN. 2012. Is maximum stimulation intensity required in the assessment of muscle activation capacity? JOURNAL OF ELECTROMYOGRAPHY AND KINESIOLOGY, 22 :873-877 >DOI >Link

O'Brien TD, Reeves ND, Baltzopoulos V, Jones DA, Maganaris CN. 2011. QUANTIFICATION OF HUMAN MUSCLE SPECIFIC TENSION IN VIVO: A METHODOLOGICALLY CHALLENGING AND SOME TIMES IMPOSSIBLE EXERCISE JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 110 :1752-1753 >Link

Salles AS, Baltzopoulos V, Rittweger J. 2011. Differential effects of countermovement magnitude and volitional effort on vertical jumping EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 111 :441-448 >DOI >Link

Arampatzis A, Degens H, Baltzopoulos V, Rittweger J. 2011. Why Do Older Sprinters Reach the Finish Line Later? EXERCISE AND SPORT SCIENCES REVIEWS, 39 :18-22 >DOI >Link

Tsaopoulos DE, Baltzopoulos V, Richards PJ, Maganaris CN. 2011. Mechanical correction of dynamometer moment for the effects of segment motion during isometric knee-extension tests JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 111 :68-74 >DOI >Link

Tolfrey K, Morse CI. 2011. Muscle size and strength Journal of Applied Physiology, 110 :1752 >DOI

Baltzopoulos V. 2010. Comments on "A new method for gravity correction of dynamometer data and determining passive elastic moments at the joint" JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 43 :3248-3249 >DOI >Link

O'Brien TD, Reeves ND, Baltzopoulos V, Jones DA, Maganaris CN. 2010. In vivo measurements of muscle specific tension in adults and children EXPERIMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY, 95 :202-210 >DOI >Link

O'Brien TD, Reeves ND, Baltzopoulos V, Jones DA, Maganaris CN. 2010. Mechanical properties of the patellar tendon in adults and children JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 43 :1190-1195 >DOI >Link

O'Brien TD, Reeves ND, Baltzopoulos V, Jones DA, Maganaris CN. 2010. Muscle-tendon structure and dimensions in adults and children JOURNAL OF ANATOMY, 216 :631-642 >DOI >Link

Di Giulio I, Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Loram ID. 2009. The proprioceptive and agonist roles of gastrocnemius, soleus and tibialis anterior muscles in maintaining human upright posture Journal of Physiology, 587 :2399-2416 >DOI

Papavramidis T, Kesisoglou I, Orailoglou V, Baltzopoulos V, Grosomanidis V, Papavramidis S. 2009. Mega-obese patients weighing more than 250 kg: A problematic group Acta Chirurgica Belgica, 109 :61-64

Spanjaard M, Reeves ND, van Dieen JH, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN. 2009. Influence of gait velocity on gastrocnemius muscle fascicle behaviour during stair negotiation JOURNAL OF ELECTROMYOGRAPHY AND KINESIOLOGY, 19 :304-313 >DOI >Link

Reeves ND, Spanjaard M, Mohagheghi AA, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris N. 2009. Older adults employ alternative strategies to operate within their maximum capabilities when ascending stairs JOURNAL OF ELECTROMYOGRAPHY AND KINESIOLOGY, 19 :E57-E68 >DOI >Link

Tsaopoulos DE, Baltzopoulos V, Richards PJ, Maganaris CN. 2009. A comparison of different two-dimensional approaches for the determination of the patellar tendon moment arm length EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 105 :809-814 >DOI >Link

O'Brien TD, Reeves ND, Baltzopoulos V, Jones DA, Maganaris CN. 2009. Strong relationships exist between muscle volume, joint power and whole-body external mechanical power in adults and children EXPERIMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY, 94 :731-738 >DOI >Link

Di Giulio I, Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Loram ID. 2009. The proprioceptive and agonist roles of gastrocnemius, soleus and tibialis anterior muscles in maintaining human upright posture JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, 587 :2399-2416 >DOI >Link

O'Brien TD, Reeves ND, Baltzopoulos V, Jones DA, Maganaris CN. 2009. The effects of agonist and antagonist muscle activation on the knee extension moment-angle relationship in adults and children EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 106 :849-856 >DOI >Link

O'Brien TD, Reeves ND, Baltzopoulos V, Jones DA, Maganaris CN. 2009. Moment arms of the knee extensor mechanism in children and adults JOURNAL OF ANATOMY, 215 :198-205 >DOI >Link

Spanjaard M, Reeves ND, Van Dieën JH, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN. 2008. Lower-limb biomechanics during stair descent: Influence of step-height and body mass Journal of Experimental Biology, 211 :1368-1375 >DOI

Vassilis P, Vassilios B, Vassilis M, Athanasios JZ, Vassilis T, Christina K, Yiannis K. 2008. ISOKINETIC ECCENTRIC EXERCISE OF QUADRICEPS FEMORIS DOES NOT AFFECT RUNNING ECONOMY JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 22 :1222-1227 >DOI >Link

Spanjaard M, Reeves ND, Van Dieën JH, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN. 2008. Gastrocnemius muscle fascicle behavior during stair negotiation in humans (Journal of Applied Physiology (2006) 102, (1618-1623) DOI: 10.1152/ japplphysiol.00353.2006) Journal of Applied Physiology, 104 :1857-1859 >DOI

Mohagheghi AA, Khan T, Meadows TH, Giannikas K, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN. 2008. In vivo gastrocnemius muscle fascicle length in children with and without diplegic cerebral palsy DEVELOPMENTAL MEDICINE AND CHILD NEUROLOGY, 50 :44-50 >DOI >Link

Albracht K, Arampatzis A, Baltzopoulos V. 2008. Assessment of muscle volume and physiological cross-sectional area of the human triceps surae muscle in vivo JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 41 :2211-2218 >DOI >Link

Reeves ND, Spanjaard M, Mohagheghi AA, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN. 2008. The demands of stair descent relative to maximum capacities in elderly and young adults JOURNAL OF ELECTROMYOGRAPHY AND KINESIOLOGY, 18 :218-227 >DOI >Link

Spanjaard M, Reeves ND, Van Dieeen JH, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN. 2008. Influence of step-height and body mass on gastrocnemius muscle fascicle behavior during stair ascent JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 41 :937-944 >DOI >Link

Reeves ND, Spanjaard M, Mohagheghi AA, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN. 2008. Influence of light handrail use on the biomechanics of stair negotiation in old age GAIT & POSTURE, 28 :327-336 >DOI >Link

Spanjaard M, Reeves ND, van Dieen JH, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN. 2008. Lower-limb biomechanics during stair descent: influence of step-height and body mass JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, 211 :1368-1375 >DOI >Link

O'Brien TD, Reeves ND, Baltzopoulos V, Jones DA, Maganaris CN. 2008. Assessment of voluntary muscle activation using magnetic stimulation EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 104 :49-55 >DOI >Link

Mian OS, Thom JM, Narici MV, Baltzopoulos V. 2007. Kinematics of stair descent in young and older adults and the impact of exercise training GAIT & POSTURE, 25 :9-17 >DOI >Link

Paschalis V, Giakas G, Baltzopoulos V, Jamurtas AZ, Theoharis V, Kotzamanidis C, Koutedakis Y. 2007. The effects of muscle damage following eccentric exercise on gait biomechanics GAIT & POSTURE, 25 :236-242 >DOI >Link

Mian OS, Narici MV, Minetti AE, Baltzopoulos V. 2007. Centre of mass motion during stair negotiation in young and older men GAIT & POSTURE, 26 :463-469 >DOI >Link

Mian OS, Baltzopoulos V, Minetti AE, Narici MV. 2007. The impact of physical training on locomotor function in older people Sports Medicine, 37 :683-701 >DOI

Tsaopoulos DE, Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V. 2007. Can the patellar tendon moment arm be predicted from anthropometric measurements? JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 40 :645-651 >DOI >Link

Spanjaard M, Reeves ND, van Dieen JH, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN. 2007. Gastrocnemius muscle fascicle behavior during stair negotiation in humans JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 102 :1618-1623 >DOI >Link

Mohagheghi AA, Khan T, Meadows TH, Giannikas K, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN. 2007. Differences in gastrocnemius muscle architecture between the paretic and non-paretic legs in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, 22 :718-724 >DOI >Link

Tsaopoulos DE, Baltzopoulos V, Richards PJ, Maganaris CN. 2007. In vivo changes in the human patellar tendon moment arm length with different modes and intensities of muscle contraction JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 40 :3325-3332 >DOI >Link

Kotidis EV, Koliakos GG, Baltzopoulos VG, Ioannidis KN, Yovos JG, Papavramidis ST. 2006. Serum ghrelin, leptin and adiponectin levels before and after weight loss: Comparison of three methods of treatment - A prospective study Obesity Surgery, 16 :1425-1432 >DOI

Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Sargeant AJ. 2006. Human calf muscle responses during repeated isometric plantarflexions JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 39 :1249-1255 >DOI >Link

Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Tsaopoulos D. 2006. Muscle fibre length-to-moment arm ratios in the human lower limb determined in vivo JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 39 :1663-1668 >DOI >Link

Tsaopoulos DE, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN. 2006. Human patellar tendon moment arm length: Measurement considerations and clinical implications for joint loading assessment CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, 21 :657-667 >DOI >Link

Bampouras TM, Reeves ND, Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris CN. 2006. Muscle activation assessment: Effects of method, stimulus number, and joint angle MUSCLE & NERVE, 34 :740-746 >DOI >Link

Paschalis V, Koutedakis Y, Jamurtas AZ, Mougios V, Baltzopoulos V. 2005. Equal volumes of high and low intensity of eccentric exercise in relation to muscle damage and performance Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19 :184-188 >DOI

Paschalis V, Koutedakis Y, Baltzopoulos V, Mougios V, Jamurtas AZ, Giakas G. 2005. Short vs. long length of rectus femoris during eccentric exercise in relation to muscle damage in healthy males CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, 20 :617-622 >DOI >Link

Iossifidou A, Baltzopoulos V, Giakas G. 2005. Isokinetic knee extension and vertical jumping: Are they related? JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 23 :1121-1127 >DOI >Link

Paschalis V, Koutedakis Y, Baltzopoulos V, Mougios V, Jamurtas AZ, Theoharis V. 2005. The effects of muscle damage on running economy in healthy males INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 26 :827-831 >DOI >Link

Baltzopoulos V. 2004. Editorial Journal of Sports Sciences, 22 :147-148 >DOI

Baltzopoulos V. 2003. Editorial: Writing a scientific paper for publication Journal of Sports Sciences, 21 :441-442 >DOI

Burden AM, Trew M, Baltzopoulos V. 2003. Normalisation of gait EMGs: a re-examination JOURNAL OF ELECTROMYOGRAPHY AND KINESIOLOGY, 13 :519-532 >DOI >Link

Baltzopoulos V. 2002. Call for more papers in the biomechanics section Journal of Sports Sciences, 20 :367-368 >DOI

Payton C, Baltzopoulos V, Bartlett R. 2002. Contributions of rotations of the trunk and upper extremity to hand velocity during front crawl swimming Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 18 :243-256

Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Sargeant AJ. 2002. Repeated contractions alter the geometry of human skeletal muscle Journal of Applied Physiology, 93 :2089-2094

Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Ball D, Sargeant AJ. 2001. In vivo specific tension of human skeletal muscle Journal of Applied Physiology, 90 :865-872

Blanpied P, Iossifidou AN, Baltzopoulos V. 2000. Inertial effects on moment development during isokinetic concentric knee extension testing: Invited commentary Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 30 :324-327

Iossifidou AN, Baltzopoulos V. 2000. Inertial effects on moment development during isokinetic concentric knee extension testing Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 30 :317-323

Iossifidou AN, Baltzopoulos V. 2000. Peak power assessment in isokinetic dynamometry European Journal of Applied Physiology, 82 :158-160

Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Sargeant AJ. 2000. In vivo measurement-based estimations of the human Achilles tendon moment arm European Journal of Applied Physiology, 83 :363-369 >DOI

Kellis E, Baltzopoulos V. 1999. The effects of the antagonist muscle force on intersegmental loading during isokinetic efforts of the knee extensors Journal of Biomechanics, 32 :19-25 >DOI

Payton CJ, Bartlett RM, Baltzopoulos V, Coombs R. 1999. Upper extremity kinematics and body roll during preferred-side breathing and breath-holding front crawl swimming Journal of Sports Sciences, 17 :689-696 >DOI

Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Sargeant AJ. 1999. Changes in the tibialis anterior tendon moment arm from rest to maximum isometric dorsiflexion: In vivo observations in man Clinical Biomechanics, 14 :661-666 >DOI

Kellis E, Baltzopoulos V. 1999. In vivo determination of the patella tendon and hamstrings moment arms in adult males using videofluoroscopy during submaximal knee extension and flexion Clinical Biomechanics, 14 :118-124 >DOI

Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V. 1999. Predictability of in vivo changes in pennation angle of human tibialis anterior muscle from rest to maximum isometric dorsiflexion European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 79 :294-297 >DOI

Iossifidou AN, Baltzopoulos V. 1998. Inertial effects on moment curves and angle of peak moment during isokinetic knee extension Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 7 :87-93

Iossifidou AN, Baltzopoulos V. 1998. Relationship between peak moment, power and work corrected for the influence of inertial effects Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 7 :79-86

Iossifidou AN, Baltzopoulos V. 1998. Inertial effects on the assessment of performance in isokinetic dynamometry International Journal of Sports Medicine, 19 :567-573

Baltzopoulos V, Iossifidou A. 1998. Dynamic knee joint modelling and estimation of tibio-femoral loading using different knee exercise equipment Journal of Sports Sciences, 16 :3-4 >DOI

Kellis E, Baltzopoulos V. 1998. Muscle activation differences between eccentric and concentric isokinetic exercise Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30 :1616-1623

Iossifidou AN, Baltzopoulos V. 1998. Inertial effects on the assessment of performance in isokinetic dynamometry. International journal of sports medicine, 19 :567-573

Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Sargeant AJ. 1998. Changes in Achilles tendon moment arm from rest to maximum isometric plantarflexion: In vivo observations in man Journal of Physiology, 510 :977-985

Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Sargeant AJ. 1998. In vivo measurements of the triceps surae complex architecture in man: Implications for muscle function Journal of Physiology, 512 :603-614 >DOI

Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Sargeant AJ. 1998. Differences in human antagonistic ankle dorsiflexor coactivation between legs; can they explain the moment deficit in the weaker plantarflexor leg? Experimental Physiology, 83 :843-855

Giakas G, Baltzopoulos V. 1997. Time and frequency domain analysis of ground reaction forces during walking: An investigation of variability and symmetry Gait and Posture, 5 :189-197 >DOI

Giakas G, Baltzopoulos V. 1997. Erratum: Optimal digital filtering requires a different cut-off frequency strategy for the determination of the higher derivatives (Journal of Biomechanics (1997) 30 (851-855)) Journal of Biomechanics, 30 :1003 >DOI

Kellis E, Baltzopoulos V. 1997. The effects of antagonist moment on the resultant knee joint moment during isokinetic testing of the knee extensors European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 76 :253-259 >DOI

Tsirakos D, Baltzopoulos V, Bartlett R. 1997. Inverse optimization: Functional and physiological considerations related to the force-sharing problem Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, 25 :371-407

Giakas G, Baltzopoulos V. 1997. A comparison of automatic filtering techniques applied to biomechanical walking data Journal of Biomechanics, 30 :847-850 >DOI

Giakas G, Baltzopoulos V. 1997. Optimal digital filtering requires a different cut-off frequency strategy for the determination of the higher derivatives Journal of Biomechanics, 30 :851-855 >DOI

Giakas G, Baltzopoulos V, Bartlett RM. 1997. Improved extrapolation techniques in recursive digital filtering: A comparison of least squares and prediction Journal of Biomechanics, 31 :87-91 >DOI

Iossifidou AN, Baltzopoulos V. 1996. Angular velocity in eccentric isokinetic dynamometry Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 6 :65-70

Kellis E, Baltzopoulos V. 1996. Agonist and antagonist moment and EMG-angle relationship during isokinetic eccentric and concentric exercise Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 6 :79-87

Baltzopoulos V. 1996. Gravitational and joint loading during isokinetic exercise: Rehabilitation considerations Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 5 :131-134

Eston RG, Finney S, Baker S, Baltzopoulos V. 1996. Muscle tenderness and peak torque changes after downhill running following a prior bout of isokinetic eccentric exercise Journal of Sports Sciences, 14 :291-299 >DOI

Kellis E, Baltzopoulos V. 1996. Resistive eccentric exercise: Effects of visual feedback on maximum moment of knee extensors and flexors Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 23 :120-124

Kellis E, Baltzopoulos V. 1996. Gravitational moment correction in isokinetic dynamometry using anthropometric data Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 28 :900-907 >DOI

Eston RG, Finney S, Baker S, Baltzopoulos V. 1996. Muscle tenderness and peak torque changes after downhill running following a prior bout of isokinetic eccentric exercise. Journal of sports sciences, 14 :291-299

Giakas G, Baltzopoulos V, Dangerfield PH, Dorgan JC, Dalmira S. 1996. Comparison of gait patterns between healthy and scoliotic patients using time and frequency domain analysis of ground reaction forces Spine, 21 :2235-2242 >DOI

Kellis E, Baltzopoulos V. 1996. The effects of normalization method on antagonistic activity patterns during eccentric and concentric isokinetic knee extension and flexion Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 6 :235-245 >DOI

Kellis E, Baltzopoulos V. 1995. Isokinetic Eccentric Exercise Sports Medicine, 19 :202-222 >DOI

BALTZOPOULOS V. 1995. A VIDEOFLUOROSCOPY METHOD FOR OPTICAL DISTORTION CORRECTION AND MEASUREMENT OF KNEE-JOINT KINEMATICS CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, 10 :85-92 >DOI >Link

Eston RG, Mickleborough J, Baltzopoulos V. 1995. Eccentric activation and muscle damage: Biomechanical and physiological considerations during downhill running British Journal of Sports Medicine, 29 :89-94

BALTZOPOULOS V. 1995. MUSCULAR AND TIBIOFEMORAL JOINT FORCES DURING ISOKINETIC CONCENTRIC KNEE EXTENSION CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, 10 :208-214 >DOI >Link

Callaghan MJ, Baltzopoulos V. 1994. Gait analysis in patients with anterior knee pain Clinical Biomechanics, 9 :79-84 >DOI

Saw Y, Baltzopoulos V, Lim A, Rostron PKM, Bolton-Maggs BG, Calver RF. 1993. Early mobilization after operative repair of ruptured Achilles tendon Injury, 24 :479-484 >DOI

Eston RG, Shephard S, Kreitzman S, Coxon A, Brodie DA, Lamb KL, Baltzopoulos V. 1992. Effect of very low calorie diet on body composition and exercise response in sedentary women European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 65 :452-458 >DOI

Callaghan MJ, Baltzopoulos V. 1992. Anterior knee pain: the need for objective measurement Clinical Biomechanics, 7 :67-74 >DOI

Baltzopoulos V, Williams JG, Brodie DA. 1991. Sources of error in isokinetic dynamometry: Effects of visual feedback on maximum torque measurements Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 13 :138-142

BALTZOPOULOS V, BRODIE DA. 1989. DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPUTER-SYSTEM FOR REAL-TIME DISPLAY AND ANALYSIS OF ISOKINETIC DATA CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, 4 :118-120 >DOI >Link

BALTZOPOULOS V, BRODIE DA. 1989. ISOKINETIC DYNAMOMETRY - APPLICATIONS AND LIMITATIONS SPORTS MEDICINE, 8 :101-116 >DOI >Link

BALTZOPOULOS V, ESTON RG, MACLAREN D. 1988. A COMPARISON OF POWER OUTPUTS ON THE WINGATE TEST AND ON A TEST USING AN ISOKINETIC DEVICE ERGONOMICS, 31 :1693-1699 >DOI >Link

Conference Publication (journal proceedings)

Doslikova K, Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Verschueren SM, Luyten FP, Callaghan M, Jones RK, Felson DT, Reeves ND. 2014. THE INFLUENCE OF A PATELLOFEMORAL KNEE BRACE ON KNEE JOINT KINETICS AND KINEMATICS IN PATIENTS WITH KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS DURING STAIR NEGOTIATION OSTEOARTHRITIS AND CARTILAGE, World Congress of the Osteoarthritis-Research-Society-International (OARSI) 22 :S89-S89 >Link

Doslikova K, Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V, Verschueren SMP, Luyten FP, Callaghan MJ, Jones RK, Felson DT, Reeves ND. 2014. KNEE JOINT BIOMECHANICS DURING STAIR DESCENT IN PATIENTS WITH KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS VS. CONTROLS OSTEOPOROSIS INTERNATIONAL, World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases 25 :S299-S300 >Link

Baltzopoulos V, Maganaris C. 2000. The effects of moment arms and objective function coefficients on the prediction of antagonist muscle moments using non-linear optimization during isometric ankle plantarflexion Journal of Sports Sciences, 18 :3-4

Iossifidou AN, Baltzopoulos V. 1998. Effects of inertial moments on isokinetic dynamometry parameters Journal of Sports Sciences, 16 :10

Giakas G, Baltzopoulos V, Bartlett RM. 1998. Extrapolation techniques in recursive digital filtering Journal of Sports Sciences, 16 :7-8

Maganaris CN, Baltzopoulos V. 1998. In vivo measurements of architectural characteristics in the triceps surae complex in man Journal of Sports Sciences, 16 :12

Baltzopoulos V, Iossifidou A. 1998. Muscle length and velocity of contraction during isokinetic knee extension: Implications for the estimation of the in-vivo force-velocity relationship Journal of Sports Sciences, 16 :4

Giakas G, Tsirakos D, Morriss C, Baltzopoulos V. 1998. Smoothing kinematic data of rapid action movements: An application to javelin throwing Journal of Sports Sciences, 16 :8-9

Baltzopoulos V, Mickelborough J, Eston RG. 1996. Kinematic differences between level and downhill running and implications for muscle damage and delayed-onset muscle soreness Journal of Sports Sciences, 14 :4

Iossifidou AN, Baltzopoulos V. 1996. Angular velocity in isokinetic dynamometry Journal of Sports Sciences, 14 :8-9

Pigos G, Baltzopoulos V. 1992. Assessment of angular measurement accuracy using a video analysis system Journal of Sports Sciences, 10 :597-598

Brodie DA, Baltzopoulos V, Griffiths P, Taylor M. 1992. Low-cost measurement of muscular force Journal of Sports Sciences, 10 :593-594

Baltzopoulos V. 1992. Muscular and tibiofemoral joint forces during isokinetic knee extension Journal of Sports Sciences, 10 :597

Chapters

Baltzopoulos V. 2007. Isokinetic dynamometry Biomechanical Evaluation of Movement in Sport and Exercise: The British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences Guidelines :103-128 >DOI

Engagement & Impact

Editorial boards:

Publication: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology – Biomechanics, Position: Review Editorial Board

Publication: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Position: Advisory Board Member

Publication: Journal of Biomechanics, Position: Consulting Editor