Mark Roughley

Liverpool School of Art and Design

Mark is a Reader in Interdisciplinary Digital Visualisation at Liverpool School of Art and Design and a member of the award-winning Face Lab research group that explores faces and art-science applications. Mark trained as a medical artist, gaining his MSc in Medical Art from the University of Dundee, and specialises in visualising anatomy through 3D data acquisition, modelling and fabrication. His research focuses on the affordances that 3D digital technologies allow for both digital and haptic interaction with anatomy and cultural artefacts. He is the host of the art-science Liverpool LASER Talks (Leonardo Art Science Evening Rendezvous), a member of the University Research Ethics Committee, and a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.

Teaching:
Mark is programme leader for the MA Art in Science programme, and is also the Art & Design Foundation Year (Level 3) coordinator at Liverpool School of Art and Design. He is also the Link Tutor for the International Foundation Year Certificate at London College for Design and Fashion (LCDF) in Hanoi.

Module Leader for:
- 3001FNDLSA Exploring Materials, Process and Practice
- 3002FNDLSA Drawing and Culture
- 3003FNDLSA Studio Practice Project
- 7001MAAS Studio Practice - Art in Science
- 7004MAAS Studio Practice - Art in Science (part-time)
- 7002MAAS Research and Practice 2 - Art in Science
- 7003MAAS Major Project - Art in Science
- 7005MAAS Major Project - Art in Science (part-time)

Mark also teaches on:
- 3101FNDLCP Preparing for Success: Academic Skills
- 3102FNDLCP Investigating Liverpool
- 6002SPS Nutrition through the Lifecycle
- 7003MALSAD Research and Practice 1
- 7005MALSAD Transdisciplinary Practice

Research:
Mark’s practice-led research focuses on the affordances that 3D digital technologies allow for both digital and haptic interaction with anatomy and people from the past. In Face Lab he has further developed 3D texturing (CGI), animation and printing methods to aid in the depiction of ancient and historic faces from skeletal remains for display in a museum context. These methods offer different ways of presenting faces, facilitate different modes of interaction by the publics, and further scientific and public debate relating to the display and interpretation of human remains globally. They have been applied in the facial depiction of more than 25 faces since 2014, which have been presented in international exhibitions, academic publications and the media, including depictions of high-profile figures from world history such as King Robert the Bruce, St Nicholas, Robert Burns and Ramsees II.

As an award-winning Medical Artist, Mark’s research and professional activity has contributed to the advancement of 3D digital art practice for medical illustrators nationally and internationally. He is actively contributing to the medical art field as a faculty member for Surgical Art, which trains reconstructive plastic surgeons via activities that promote alternative learning of facial anatomy through artistic methods. Currently, Mark is working with a multi-disciplinary team to collaboratively develop 'Digital and Synthetic Training Models for Endoscopic Mucosal Resection' through innovative use of organic bioplastics to enhance realism in endoscopic surgical training, for the Faculty of Health’s North West Endoscopy Training Academy.

The cultural impact of Mark’s work with Face Lab and his art-science public engagement activities provide a novel contribution to teaching, the REF Environment and external profile of LJMU. ‘Art’ and ‘Science’ are frequently viewed as increasingly different disciplines in Higher Education and they often exist in silos, located in different faculties or on different campuses, with methods and practices at conflict with each other. Through Face Lab and the MA Art in Science programme, Mark is encouraging and facilitating meaningful art and science interactions where artists and scientists work directly with the creative and speculative possibilities that the intersection of these disciplines afford - in both educational environments and community settings. Mark continues to support students, colleagues and local/national institutions in inclusive cross-institutional dialogue, development of inter-multi-transdisciplinary practice, and provides public engagement activities that engage local and national communities in a two-way dialogue about research and its impact on society.

Further information:
Face Lab
Face Lab is part of the Forensic Research Institute (FORRI) at LJMU. Face Lab focuses on digital creative research that explores faces and art-science applications, including craniofacial analysis, 3D/4D facial depiction and animation, and forensic art, using state of the art technology. As a member of the Face Lab research group since its inception in 2014, Mark’s 3D modelling, texturing and animation skills, alongside knowledge of CT data reconstruction practice, 3D scanning and 3D printing are used to aid in craniofacial reconstruction and for presentation of facial depictions to public audiences.

Mark’s Face Lab research outputs have featured in TV programmes including shows televised on BBC and France 3 for which Mark was interviewed and demonstrated his facial depiction texturing methods. Beyond media circulation, facial depictions that Mark has co-authored have been displayed in temporary exhibitions or displays at museums and galleries, including Johns Hopkins Archaeological Museum in Baltimore, Scottish National Portrait Gallery, Archaeological Pilgrim Museum in Globasnitz; Museum Burghalde in Lenzburg; Bryggens Museum in Bergen; Ostfriesisches Landesmuseum in Emden, and Palace Green Library at Durham Cathedral; each visited by local and international visitors.

MA Art in Science
Art and Science are often seen as two different entities with very separate ideas of what constitutes research. Co-developed by Mark Roughley and Professor Caroline Wilkinson, the MA Art in Science programme at Liverpool School of Art and Design brings together artists and scientists to explore collaborative approaches in Art and Science research and practice. From anatomy to algorithms, pixels to performance, science to semiotics, the programme supports creative curiosity in partnership with experts across the University and beyond.

Liverpool LASER Talks
Liverpool LASER Talks is part of the worldwide series of Leonardo Art Science Evening Rendezvous (LASER) Talks sponsored by Leonardo, the International Society for Art, Sciences and Technology (Leonardo/ISAST). LASER talks are an international programme of free evening gatherings that bring artists and scientists together for informal presentations and conversations on art, science and technology.

Career History:
Mark graduated with BA (Hons) Illustration with Animation from Manchester School of Art, Manchester Metropolitan University and went on to specialise as a Medical Illustrator, having gained his MSc in Medical Art from the Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification, in collaboration with the Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art and Design at the University of Dundee. Medical Art is the study of anatomy, pathology, medicine and surgery with the aim of creating illustrations, animations, models and innovative designs that push the boundaries of education, communication and teaching with reliable accuracy.

Mark has previously worked as a Lecturer for the MSc Medical Art course at the University of Dundee. Module leader in Life Art, Medical Art 1 (Anatomical Illustration), Medical Art 2 (Surgical Illustration) and research project supervisor https://www.dundee.ac.uk/postgraduate/medical-art. He has also worked as a Medical Illustrator and Digital Learning Technologist for the College of Medicine, Dentistry and Nursing, School of Dentistry at the University of Dundee, and Scottish Dental Education Online (SDEO) (https://www.sdeo.ac.uk) an NHS Education for Scotland funded project creating illustrations and visualisations to enhance student learning and for patient information material.

Professional Membership:
Mark is a professional member of the Institute of Medical Illustrators (IMI) and the Association Européenne des Illustrateurs Medicaux et Scientifiques (AEIMS).

Editorial Board:
• Section Editor (Scientific and Technical) for the Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine, Taylor & Francis, 2019 – present

Expert Reviewer:
• Reviewer for Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine, Taylor & Francis, 2016-present
• Reviewer for Leonardo, MIT Press, 2018-present
• Reviewer for 3D Printing in Medicine, Taylor & Francis, 2021-present
• Reviewer for the Art of Surgery, AME Publishing Company, 2022-present
• Reviewer for Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, Elsevier, 2023-present
• Reviewer for Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Elsevier, 2023-present

PhD Supervision:
I am open to inquires regarding PhD supervision around these research topics:
• Art-Science Collaborations
• Arts-in-Health
• 3D Visualisation of Biomedical Science
• Medical Art/Illustration/Visualisation
• Presentation of Facial Depictions of People from the Past to Public Audiences
• Affordances of Digital Technologies for Interacting with Cultural Heritage
• Science Communication/Public Engagement

Current PhD Students:
• Exploring the complexity of the universe from an animator’s point of view and developing an art-science dialogue for outreach. Laurence Arcadias. PhD in collaboration between LJMU and Transart Institute for Creative Research. Expected completion 2026
• Examining the Significance of Dignity in the Implementation of Assistive Technology within Care Relationships. Fred Han. PhD in collaboration between LJMU and Transart Institute for Creative Research. Expected completion 2026
• Creating real and virtual sculptural objects to explore the presence of form. Greg Lock. PhD in collaboration between LJMU and Transart Institute for Creative Research. Expected completion 2026
• Play and Speak: Investigating the therapeutic impacts of playful creative practices in the treatment of Selective Mutism. Phei Phei Oon. PhD in collaboration between LJMU and Transart Institute for Creative Research. Expected completion 2026
• Electromagnetic Art. Tom Hyatt. Liverpool John Moores University. Expected completion 2025
• Intersubjective Objects. Carrie Neal. PhD in collaboration between LJMU and Transart Institute for Creative Research. Expected completion 2025
•The Materialization of a Choreographic Process through a Cross-Disciplinary Approach. Dawn Schultz. PhD in collaboration between LJMU and Transart Institute for Creative Research. Expected completion 2024

Taught Masters Research Project Supervision:
• Rush Omen: A multi-perspective comic to promote empathy in healthcare professionals. Dr Cylene Yang - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2023
• PseudoSonication: Exploring new possibilities for microbiological sound art. Clare Stott - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2023
• The Outer Layer: How can autoethnographic encounters with skin respond to and challenge the stigma surrounding the appearance of ageing skin? Niamh Smith - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2023
• Astrokineglyph: A glimpse into the future of accessible astronomy, where touch and sound create a multisensory cosmic experience. Megan Sanders - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2023
• Underwater Snoezelen: Assessing the effectiveness of co-design approaches when creating multi-sensory environments or ‘Snoezelens’ in complex needs schools. Libby Robinson - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2023
• Mind Re-imagined: Exploring the neuroscientific concept of the Embodied Cognition through Art Practice. Helen Lydon - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2023
• Instantiation: Exploring how Mathematics can be presented through sculpture to facilitate learning. Gary Lester - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2023
• It's just me and these rocks: Can site and location specific recordings contribute to awareness about British Neolithic Rock Art from Northumberland that are at threat from human and non-human erosion. Carys Kilduff - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2023
• Passerine Processing 101: An lnfographic Field Guide for Trainee Bird Ringers. Theo Hall - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2022
• (Un)Folded: Exploring viruses from the inside out. Leanne Glass - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2022
• Metamorph: A novel brand amalgamating the digital and physical worlds through technological advancements integrated into apparel, to better the health of its users. Niamh Cusack - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2022
• An Exploration of Parental Alcoholism via Auto-Ethnographic Mark-Marking. Stephanie Carr - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2022
• Resting Places for the Living. Amanda Kearns-Rulton - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2022
• Belly Rumble: The Microbiota Tactics. Pawel Stachyra - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2021
• The Maze of Feelings: A trio of neurocinematic biohacking tools to improve wellbeing and promote calmness. Laura Jones - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2021
• Remembering The Dead: The Future of Memorialisation. Bethany Starr - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2021
• Glioblastoma: The Weed of the Brain. Anna Roberts - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2021
• The Dark Matter Forest. Emily Ryan - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2020
• ART AS DATA: Informing pre-historic facial depictions in Central America. Faye Olsgard - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2020
• Bacteria the Future! A time-travelling Twine game to save Hugh-manity. Natasha Niethamer - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2020
• Park-ive: A Visual Dialog of Urban Green Space. Alexander Nicholson - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2020
• Museum Safari: Can gamified virtual museums and galleries impact the visitor experience? Jeyageethan Mahendran - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2020
• Energy Deficit: Why is it so Hard to Lose Weight? Evie Holmes - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2020
• Coral Skeleton Scaffolds. Gage Egan - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2020
• Wasteful Drinks & Unwanted Hospitality. Michael Edwards - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2020
• CERAMIC Transmission. Helen Birnbaum - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2020
• NowYouSeeMeActingNormal. Kate Cliffe - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2020
• The Choice is Yours: A Vaccination Game. Inara Tsenina - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Jan 2020
• Microbial Mood: Exploring how sound affects the human microbiome. Sophia Charuhas - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2019
• Diatom Sensing. Jay Hampton - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2019
• What is Desirable? Body image disorders and social media profiles. Faye Robinson - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Jan 2019
• The Human Affect | An Unnatural Selection. Polly Sutherland - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2018
• To donate or not to donate? That is the question? Jessica Irwin - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2018
• Make-up, drag art and anti-facial recognition. Katie Wilson - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2018
• Fata Morgana. Gabrielle York-Salmon - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2018
• Face and Mask: A metamorphosis of pain. Anthony Pettigrew - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2017
• Dissecting the Future: A Practical Exploration of Speculative Evolution and the Post-Human. Vittorio Manetti - MA Art in Science, Liverpool John Moores University. Completed Sept 2017
• Comparative anatomy of the mammalian skull: How effective is a 3D model in teaching comparative anatomy? Christopher Ogan - MSc Medical Art, University of Dundee, Completed Sept 2014
• Clicking into Place: An interactive patient resource for temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Miriam Waite - MSc Medical Art, University of Dundee, Completed Sept 2014
• Understanding comparative anatomy. Holly Hunold MSc Medical Art, University of Dundee, Completed Sept 2014
• iBook as an interactive m-learning tool for urology-based core clinical problems in medical education. Hock-Tat Lim - MSc Medical Art, University of Dundee, Completed Sept 2013
• Preference for illustrative style of anatomical site maps contained in cancer staging forms. Sarah Dolan - MSc Medical Art, University of Dundee, Completed Sept 2013
• An Evaluation of iBooks in Pre-operative Neurosurgical Assessments. Matt Briggs - MSc Medical Art, University of Dundee, Completed Sept 2013
• Does the creation of one’s own anatomy flashcards improve medical and anatomy student’s retention of neuroanatomical knowledge and interpretation of medical illustrations? Victoria McCulloch - MSc Medical Art, University of Dundee, Completed Sept 2013

Degrees

2022, Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom, MA Academic Practice
2016, Liverpool John Moores University, UK, PGCert Learning and Teaching in Higher Education (Distinction)
2010, University of Dundee, Scotland, MSc Medical Art
2009, Manchester Metropolitan University, United Kingdom, BA (Hons) Illustration with Animation
2006, Carmel College, United Kingdom, Foundation Diploma Art and Design (Distinction)

Certifications

2023, Advance HE, United Kingdom, Professional Development Course for External Examiners
2016, Higher Education Academy, Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA)
2016, Staff and Educational Development Association, (SEDA)
2012, Institute of Medical Illustrators, Member of the Institute of Medical Illustrators (MIMI)

Academic appointments

• Reader in Interdisciplinary Digital Visualisation, Programme Leader MA Art in Science, Liverpool School of Art and Design, Liverpool John Moores University, 2023 - present
• Senior Lecturer 3D Digital Art, Programme Leader MA Art in Science, Art & Design Foundation Year co-ordinator, Liverpool School of Art and Design, Liverpool John Moores University, 2022 - 2023
• Lecturer 3D Digital Art, Programme Leader MA Art in Science, Art & Design Foundation Year co-ordinator, Liverpool School of Art and Design, Liverpool John Moores University, 2018 - 2022
• Research and Teaching Assistant, Face Lab, MA Art in Science, Liverpool School of Art and Design, Liverpool John Moores University, 2016 - 2018
• Research Assistant, Face Lab, Liverpool School of Art and Design, Liverpool John Moores University, 2014 - 2016
• Guest Lecturer, MSc Medical Art, Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification in collaboration with Duncan of Jordanstone School of Art and Design, University of Dundee, 2013 - 2014
• Digital Learning Technologist, College of Medicine, Dentistry and Nursing, School of Dentistry, University of Dundee, 2013 - 2014
• Lecturer (Teaching and Scholarship) MSc Medical and Forensic Art, Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification in collaboration with Duncan of Jordanstone School of Art and Design, University of Dundee, 2012 - 2013

Postgraduate training

Postgraduate Certificate in Learning & Teaching in HE, United Kingdom, Liverpool John Moores University, 2015 - 2016

Highlighted publications

Wilkinson CM, Saleem S, Liu CYJ, Roughley M. 2023. Revealing the face of Ramesses II through computed tomography, digital 3D facial reconstruction and computer-generated Imagery Journal of Archaeological Science, 160 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Roughley M, Liu C. 2022. Digital 2D, 2.5D and 3D methods for adding photo-realistic textures to 3D facial depictions of people from the past Rea P. Biomedical Visualisation 11. Advances in Experimental Biology in Medicine :245-280 Springer International Publishing 978-3-030-87778-1 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Smith K, Roughley M, Harris S, Wilkinson C, Palmer E. 2020. From Ta-Kesh to Ta-Kush: the affordances of digital, haptic visualisation for heritage accessibility Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, 19 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Roughley M, Smith K, Wilkinson C. 2019. Investigating new areas of art-science practice-based research with the MA Art in Science programme at Liverpool School of Art and Design Higher Education Pedagogies, 4 :226-243 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Roughley M, Wilkinson C. 2019. The affordances of 3D and 4D digital technologies for computerized facial depiction Rea P. Biomedical Visualisation 2. Advances in Experimental Biology in Medicine :87-101 Springer International Publishing 978-3-030-14226-1 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Wilkinson C, Roughley M, Moffat R, Monckton D, MacGregor M. 2019. In Search of Robert Bruce, Part I: Craniofacial Analysis of the Skull excavated at Dunfermline in 1819 Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 24 :556-564 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Poster

O’Toole P, Roberts A, Roughley M, Rankin M. 2023. Development of 3D Training Models for the Identification & Classification of Colorectal Polyps LJMU Faculty of Health Board of Governors Event Public Url

Rankin M, O'Toole P, Roughley M, Roberts A, Whitehead AE, Causer J, Hambleton S, Baker S. 2023. Transforming Polypectomy Education: One Step At A Time NRICAM Showcase Public Url

Roughley M. 2022. What opportunities and ethical challenges do emerging technologies present for display of digital facial depictions of ancient Egyptian mummies to public audiences? 10th World Congress on Mummy Studies, WMC 2022 Public Url

Dickinson T, Liu C-YJ, Roughley M. 2022. The affordances of 3D imaging modalities for forensic facial identification 19th Biennial Meeting of the International Association for Craniofacial Identification Public Url

Roughley M, Liu C-YJ. 2021. Digital 2D, 2.5D and 3D methods for generating photo-realistic 3D facial depictions of people from the past 19th Biennial Meeting of the International Association of Craniofacial Identification: "Race and Face: bias in forensic and archaeological investigation". Liverpool John Moores University Public Url

Smith K, Wilkinson C, Roughley M, Balachandran S, Swaney M, Garcia JR. 2019. One of Us? Navigating ‘rehumanisation’ questions in the depiction and display of two ancient Egyptians from the Johns Hopkins Archaeological Museum International Association of Craniofacial Identification Author Url

Roughley M. 2018. 'Exploring high/low-resolution 3D/4D scanning and 3D modelling of facial features to aid in craniofacial reconstruction and for presentation of facial depictions to public audiences'. 'EMBRACING NEW DESIGN TECHNOLOGIES: Enabling Equitable Access To Health' symposium, Central University of Technology, Bloemfontein, South Africa.

Roughley M. 2016. 'Developing a community of collaborative learners/artists within Liverpool School of Art and Design: Postgraduate Taught shared module; "Collaborative Practice"'. Liverpool John Moores University 15th Teaching and Learning conference, Liverpool John Moores University

Roughley M, Mason A. 2014. 'An interactive tooth morphology iBook', Dundee University College of Medicine, Dentistry and Nursing e-learning forum 2014, Dundee University

Books (edited)

2023. Approaches for Science Illustration and Communication. Roughley M. Biomedical Vizualisation 4 Springer International Publishing 978-3-031-41651-4 DOI Publisher Url

Chapters

Niethamer N, Roughley M, D'Sa R. 2023. Increasing microbiology literacy about the public health threat of antimicrobial resistance through Art-Science interactions Roughley M. Approaches for Science Illustration and Communication. Biomedical Vizualisation 4 Springer International Publishing 978-3-031-41651-4 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Stachyra P, Roughley M. 2023. Playing with Science: games as a medium of science communication Roughley M. Approaches for Science Illustration and Communication. Biomedical Vizualisation 4 Springer International Publishing 978-3-031-41651-4 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Roughley M, Liu C. 2022. Digital 2D, 2.5D and 3D methods for adding photo-realistic textures to 3D facial depictions of people from the past Rea P. Biomedical Visualisation 11. Advances in Experimental Biology in Medicine :245-280 Springer International Publishing 978-3-030-87778-1 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Vaiude P, Roughley M, Redman A, Harper-Machin A. 2021. The Surgical Art Face©: Developing a bespoke multimodal face model for reconstructive surgical education Rea P. Biomedical Visualisation 10. Advances in Experimental Biology in Medicine :157-179 Springer International Publishing 978-3-030-76950-5 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Roughley M. 2020. Pores, Pimples and Pathologies: 3D Capture and Detailing of the Human Skin for 3D Medical Visualisation and Fabrication Rea P. Biomedical Visualisation 8. Advances in Experimental Biology in Medicine :141-141 Springer International Publishing 978-3-030-47482-9 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Roughley M, Wilkinson C. 2019. The affordances of 3D and 4D digital technologies for computerized facial depiction Rea P. Biomedical Visualisation 2. Advances in Experimental Biology in Medicine :87-101 Springer International Publishing 978-3-030-14226-1 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Wilkinson C, Roughley M. 2019. Facial depiction of "Bernie", man from the bog of Bauerochse A, Hassmann H, Püschel K, Jopp-van Well E, Jahn W, Schultz M. Bernie - The bog body from Bernuthsfeld: Results of the interdisciplinary research and reconstruction of an early medieval find complex from East Frisia :273-277 VML Verlag Marie Leidorf. Rahden / Westf 9783896468499 Publisher Url

Beaumont J, Beveridge J, Budde W, Cross M, Gutiérrez A, Caffell A, Burton I, Johnston A, Koon H, Mackenzie L, Montgomery J, Radini A, Roberts C, Roughley M, Speller C, Wilkinson C. 2018. New Voices Gerrard C, Graves P, Millard A, Annis R, Caffell A. Lost Lives, New Voices Unlocking the Stories of the Scottish Soldiers from the Battle of Dunbar 1650 :207-237 Philadelphia: Oxbow Books. Oxford 9781785708503 DOI

Journal article

Wilkinson CM, Saleem S, Liu CYJ, Roughley M. 2023. Revealing the face of Ramesses II through computed tomography, digital 3D facial reconstruction and computer-generated Imagery Journal of Archaeological Science, 160 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Roughley M, Wilkinson C. 2022. Liverpool LASER talks: a community ‘studio-laboratory’? Leonardo, 55 :67-71 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Roberts A, Roughley M, Wilkinson C. 2022. Glioblastoma: The Weed of the Brain Facilitating transdisciplinary knowledge exchange about the diagnosis and potential treatment of Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine, 45 :1-7 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Roughley M, Manetti V, Pettigrew A, Irwin J, York-Salmon G, Charuhas S, Tsenina I, Birnbaum H, Holmes E, Niethamer N. 2021. A showcase of MA Art in Science research projects (2016-2020) that explore the boundaries of art, anatomy, biology, medicine, microbiology and public health Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Roughley M, MacDougall L, Erolin C. 2020. Cystic Fibrosis: A Pocket Guide Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine, 43 :198-210 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Smith K, Roughley M, Harris S, Wilkinson C, Palmer E. 2020. From Ta-Kesh to Ta-Kush: the affordances of digital, haptic visualisation for heritage accessibility Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, 19 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Irwin J, Roughley M, Smith K. 2020. To Donate or Not to Donate? That is the Question!’ - an organ and body donation comic Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine, 43 :103-118 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Birnbaum H, Roughley M, D'Sa R. 2020. Antimicrobial animals Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Roughley M, Smith K, Wilkinson C. 2019. Investigating new areas of art-science practice-based research with the MA Art in Science programme at Liverpool School of Art and Design Higher Education Pedagogies, 4 :226-243 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Wilkinson C, Roughley M, Moffat R, Monckton D, MacGregor M. 2019. In Search of Robert Bruce, Part I: Craniofacial Analysis of the Skull excavated at Dunfermline in 1819 Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 24 :556-564 DOI Publisher Url Public Url

Miranda GE, Wilkinson CM, Roughley M, Beaini TL, Melani RFH. 2018. Assessment of accuracy and recognition of three-dimensional computerized forensic craniofacial reconstruction PLoS One, 13 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

So D, Evans DF, Borrie F, Roughley MA, Lamont T, Keightley A, Gardner A, Hussein I, De Souza N, Blain N, Innes NP. 2015. Measurement Of Occlusal Equilibration Following Hall Crown Placement Journal of Dental Research, 94 :0080-0080 Author Url

Roughley MA. 2013. Illustrated conference Report - 6th ARS (Art Researches Science) Dissection Drawing Event in Belgium AXIS CAHID online journal, 5 Author Url Publisher Url

Roughley MA. 2013. A Patient’s Guide to Cystic Fibrosis: AN INTERACTIVE CYSTIC FIBROSIS PATIENT INFORMATION iPad APPLICATION AXIS CAHID online journal, 4 Author Url

Grice K, Paterson E, Griffin L, Rowland K, Stacey-Jones S, Ballantyne L, Roughley M. 2011. IMI conference 2010 the new voices experience Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine, 34 :90-94 DOI Author Url Publisher Url

Roughley MA. 2010. Lung Cancer Staging Illustration AXIS CAHID online journal, 2 Author Url Publisher Url

Design

Wilkinson C, Liu C, Roughley M. 2023. 3D Facial depiction of Cleopatra VII featured in “Cleopatra’s Secret Tomb” episode 2 Publisher Url

Pollier-Green P, Roughley M, Liu C. 2023. Three digital portraits of Fanchon Fröhlich in collaboration with the British Art and Design Association (BADA): an age progression, an Al animated photograph, and a 3D digital portrait generated from multiple photographs of Fanchon from the BADA archives. Exhibited in 'The Wrong Sex' (2023) at Exhibition Research Lab Author Url

Wilkinson C, Liu C, Roughley M. 2022. 3D facial depiction of Pharaoh Ramesses II at 80 years old and an age regression at 45 years old featured in the documentary "L'Egypte, une passion française" Publisher Url

Liu C, Wilkinson C, Greenway E, Roughley M. 2022. Digital facial depiction of a young male from the Anglo Saxon Period known as 'Beornwine' on display at West Stow Anglo-Saxon Village Publisher Url

Liu C, Roughley M, Wilkinson C. 2022. Facial depiction of Leasowe Man (2022 update) on display at Museum of Liverpool Publisher Url

Liu C, Roughley M, Shrimpton S, Wilkinson C. 2022. 3D Facial Depiction of B37 (13-14 years) from Kilkenny Ireland, with a Digital Movie and a skull replica, on display at Medieval Mile Museum, Kilkenny Publisher Url

Liu C, Roughley M, Shrimpton S, Wilkinson C. 2020. Facial depiction of two Mesolithic individuals from Norway on display at Bergen City Museum

Liu C, Shrimpton S, Roughley M, Wilkinson C. 2020. 3D facial depiction of Abbot John of Wheathampstead on display at St. Albans Cathedral Publisher Url

Wilkinson C, Shrimpton S, Liu C, Roughley M. 2018. Facial depiction of an Iron Age male in his 60's featured on Digging for Britain, Season 7 Episode 4 'Iron Age Revealed' Author Url Publisher Url

Liu C, Roughley M, Wilkinson C. 2018. Facial depiction of a Neolithic individual excavated from a site in Switzerland on display at Museum Burghalde in Lenzburg Author Url

Smith K, Roughley M, Shrimpton S, Wilkinson C. 2018. Facial Depiction of "The Rider of Hemmaberg" - a 5/6th century man with a wooden leg prosthesis from the Migration Period in Carinthia, on display at the Archaeological Pilgrim Museum in Globasnitz Author Url

Smith K, Roughley M, Wilkinson C. 2018. Facial Depictions of The Goucher Mummy and Amenirdis, two ancient Egyptian women for the Johns Hopkins Archaeological Museum, Baltimore Author Url Publisher Url

Liu CYJ, Roughley MA, Wilkinson CM. 2017. Facial depiction of a 2nd Century older Roman female found as an isolated burial in Dunstable Author Url Publisher Url

Wilkinson CM, Liu CYJ, Hengelhaupt ID, Roughley MA. 2017. Facial depiction of Skeleton 22 - 17th Century Scottish soldier found buried at Durham Cathedral, for the exhibition 'Bodies of Evidence' at Palace Green Library, Durham Cathedral. Author Url Publisher Url

Liu CYJ, Wilkinson CM, Roughley MA. 2017. Facial depiction of a 19th century individual (POW) with a craniotomy: Featured on BBC4, Digging for Britain, Series 8, Episode 4, 04/DEC/2019, 21:00 Author Url Publisher Url

Liu CY, Wilkinson CM, Roughley MA. 2017. Facial Depictions of Liffs Low man and Fin Cop 8 on display as part of the 'Wonders of the Peak' exhibition at Buxton Museum Author Url Publisher Url

Roughley M, McDougall E, Mason A, Poblete Pancheco P. 2017. Illustrations and 3D models for Dundee Dental School's 'Tooth Morphology' iBook (University of Dundee). An element of the doctoral research project 'The need for and the use of three dimensional simulation in dental education', Poblete Pacheco, P. I. (Author). 2017 Author Url

McDougall E, Mason A, Roughley M, Poblete Pacheco P. 2017. 3D models and animations for Dundee Dental School's 'Anatomy of the TMJ and the Masticatory System' iBook (University of Dundee). An element of the doctoral research project 'The need for and the use of three dimensional simulation in dental education', Poblete Pacheco, P. I. (Author). 2017 Author Url

Wilkinson CM, Liu C, Smith K, Roughley MA. 2017. Illustrations for the article "Three individuals, three stories, three burials from medieval Trondheim, Norway" Author Url

Wilkinson CM, Liu C, Roughley MA. 2017. Facial Depiction of a Tudor Dubliner Author Url Publisher Url

Wilkinson C, MacGregor M, Roughley MA, Shrimpton S. 2016. Facial Depiction of Robert the Bruce Author Url Publisher Url

wilkinson CM, smith K, liu C, Roughley MA. 2016. Facial depictions of 3 medieval Norwegians for the exhibition "Hvor kommer du fra?/From where do you hail?" at Bryggens Museum, Bergen, Norway 01 Oct 2016 - 13 Aug 2017 Author Url Publisher Url

Roughley MA, Shrimpton S, Wilkinson CM. 2016. Facial depiction of Kukruse lady - a 13th century AD lady from Estonia Publisher Url

wilkinson CM, Roughley MA, liu C. 2016. Facial depiction of Leasowe man on display at Liverpool Museum Publisher Url

Wilkinson CM, Shrimpton SL, Roughley MA. 2015. Facial Depiction of a 1200 year old bog body known as "Bernie", on display at Ostfriesisches Landesmuseum, Emden Publisher Url

Roughley M, McDougall E, Mason A. 2015. 3D online educational resources (3D models, animations, interactives) for the University of Dundee, School of Dentistry. Author Url

Wilkinson CM, Roughley MA. 2014. Facial Depiction of Saint Nicholas Author Url Publisher Url

Roughley M, Evans E, Innes N. 2014. Illustrations for ''Child Friendly Dentistry" e-learning modules, Dundee Dental School, University of Dundee Author Url

Roughley M, Mason A. 2014. Illustrations, 3D models and animations for the Scottish Education Online (SDEO) e-learning package 'Mechanics of Mandibular Movement' Author Url

Roughley MA, MacDougall L, Brady G. 2014. Cystic Fibrosis: A Pocket Guide: Android App and iBook Author Url Publisher Url

Schaverien MV, Hart AM, Roughley MA. 2014. Illustrations for the article 'Free Muscle Flaps for Reconstruction of Upper Limb Defects' Author Url

Roughley MA. 2013. Medial View of the Right Lung - Illustration exhibited at Julbiliee Library, Brighton as part of the ANATOMY FOR LIFE exhibition (2013) Author Url

Liu C, Roughley M, Wilkinson C. 2D Facial depiction of Saint Jeanne of Lestonnac at age 54 years old (Age regression)

Roughley M, Liu C, Wilkinson C. 2D Facial depiction of Saint Jeanne of Lestonnac at age 83 years old based on a death mask

Artefact

Liu CY, Shrimpton S, Roughley M, Smith K, Wilkinson C. 2020. Facial depiction of two Mesolithic individuals from Norway (3D printed replicas) on display at Bergen City Museum

Smith KA, Roughley MA, Liu CYJ, Hengelhaupt ID, Wilkinson CM. 2018. Facial depiction (3D printed replica) of a 17th Century Scottish Soldier known as SK22 for the exhibition “Bodies of Evidence”, Palace Green, Durham Author Url Publisher Url

Roughley M. 2018. 3D scan of Harpocrates (Horus-the-Child) statuette from Liverpool World Museum. Displayed within the BBC ‘Civilisations’ AR app developed by BBC Research & Development, BBC Arts and Nexus Studios Author Url

Smith K, Roughley MA, Baker C, Wilkinson CM. 2017. Facial Depiction of Ta Kush (3D printed replica and animation) on display as part of the 'Ancient Lives' exhibition at Maidstone Museum Author Url

Wilkinson CM, Shrimpton SL, SMITH K, LIU C, Roughley MA. 2017. Facial depiction of George Lister and Elizabeth Dibb (3D printed replicas) on display at Washburn Heritage Centre Publisher Url

Internet publication

Wilkinson C, Smith K, Roughley M. 2018. Who Am I? Remembering the Dead Through Facial Reconstruction: The Facial Reconstruction Process Publisher Url

Roughley MA, Hengelhaupt ID, Wilkinson CM. 2017. Face Lab – Facial depiction of one of the Scottish Soldiers Author Url

Roughley MA. 2017. Investigating new areas of Art/Science practice based research with the MA Art in Science postgraduate program at Liverpool School of Art and Design Author Url Publisher Url

Roughley MA. 2017. Face scanning for 3D visualization projects at Liverpool School of Art and Design Author Url Publisher Url

Mason A, MacDougall E, Poblete Pancheco P, Roughley MA. 2015. 3D interactive online educational resources for the University of Dundee, School of Dentistry (Sketchfab) Author Url

Exhibition

Wilkinson C, Mackenzie S, Smith KA, Roughley MA. Faces of Merseyside (2016) 7th International Conference on the Image: Face Value – Personification and Identity in a Post-Digital Age at Liverpool School of Art and Design, 01/09/2016-02/09/2016 Author Url Publisher Url

Roughley MA. MSc Medical Art and MSc Forensic Art showcase (2013) exhibited in the Matthew Building Gallery at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art and Design, Dundee, 30/07/2013-30/08/2013

Godfrey B, Wilkinson CM, Roughley MA, Williams L, Hengelhaupt ID, Price K. Convict Faces (2018) at Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral, 05/03/2018-12/03/2018 Author Url

Roughley MA, Smith K. The Perception Machine: Can we think of artworks as sensing machines? (2018) at Tate Liverpool, 02/07/2018-08/07/2018 Author Url Publisher Url

Balachandran S, Wilkinson C, Smith K, Roughley M. Who am I? Remembering the Dead through Facial Reconstruction (2018-2020) Johns Hopkins Archaeological Museum, 07/11/2018-31/07/2020 Author Url Publisher Url

Wilkinson C, Pantsios L, Roughley MA, Wilson R. Animating Robert Burns (2018) Scottish National Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh, 25/01/2018 - 26/01/2018 Author Url Publisher Url

Roughley M, Liu C. ‘Science, not Fiction’ (2022) at Glastonbury Festival, Science Futures area exhibiting a 3D facial depiction of Abbot John of Wheathampstead buried at St Albans Cathedral. 22/06/2022-26/06/2023 Publisher Url

Schofield J, Duffy T, Wilcox M, Embery E, Krysa J, Leaper H, Roberts E, Wilkinson C, Wilkinson D, Liu C, Roughley M, Pollier P. Fanchon Fröhlich: The Wrong Sex (2023) at Exhibition Research Lab, 17/02/2023-14/05/2023 Publisher Url

Roughley M, Liu C, Wilkinson C. ‘Science, not Fiction’ (2023) at Glastonbury Festival, Science Futures area exhibiting 3D facial depictions of Pharaoh Rameses II, 21/06/2023-25/06/2023 Publisher Url

Wilkinson CM, Roughley MA. The Evolution of Facial Depiction from Human Remains (2016) AHRC Online Image Gallery Author Url Publisher Url

Research Grants Awarded:

North West Endoscopy Academy, Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Development of Teaching Aids for Level III Polypectomy Training (2024), Sue Baker, Paul O'Toole, Mark Roughley, Grant value (£): 10,000.00, Duration of research project: 6 months. 2023

LJMU QR APSS, Development of a Synthetic Training Model for Endoscopic Mucosal Resection (2022), Mark Roughley, Paul O'Toole, Melissa Rankin, Susan Baker, Lol Baker, Grant value (£): 9882.44, Duration of research project: 6 months. 2022

LJMU QR APSS, Exploring Pedagogical Challenges in Art-Science Taught-Postgraduate Programme Delivery (2022), Mark Roughley, Grant value (£): 3,000.00, Duration of research project: 6 months. 2022

LJMU QR APSS, The affordances of 3D imaging modalities for forensic facial identification (2022), C.Y. Liu, M. Roughley, Grant value (£): 1911.18, Duration of research project: 6 months. 2022

Being Human Festival: School of Advanced Study, University of London in partnership with the Arts and Humanities Research Council and The British Academy., Let’s talk about a new circle of life: death and sustainable burials, Mark Roughley, Emma Summerscales, Daniel Blunt, Amanda Kearns-Rulton, Grant value (£): 2000, Duration of research project: 6 months. 2021

LJMU QR APSS, The Surgical Art Face: Developing a bespoke multimodal face model for reconstructive surgical education (2021), Mark Roughley, Partha Vaiude, Grant value (£): 1985.00, Duration of research project: 6 months. 2021

University of Liverpool Knowledge Exchange Funding Scheme (Public Engagement), Anti-microbial Resistance Graphic Medicine Comics (2018), Rachelle D'Sa, Christopher Flack, Mark Roughley, Grant value (£): 10,000.00, Duration of research project: 8 months. 2018

LJMU QR APSS, Liverpool LASER (2018), Mark Roughley, Caroline Wilkinson, Grant value (£): 1922.00, Duration of research project: 12 months. 2018

Arts, Humanities and Research Council (AHRC), AHRC 10th Anniversary Image Gallery - Evolution of Facial Reconstruction (2015), Professor Caroline Wilkinson, Mark Roughley, Grant value (£): 4000.00, Duration of research project: 6 months. 2015

Award:

THE Award. Research Project of the Year: Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, Times Higher Education, https://the-awards.co.uk/2023/en/page/archive-2023. 2023

Liverpool John Moores University's Vice-Chancellor's Award for Excellence- Impact Story (2022) - Presented to Professor Caroline Wilkinson and the Face Lab team., Liverpool John Moores University. 2022

Bronze Award for 'Facial depiction of Elizabeth Dibbs with erysipelas of the face' - IMI Award, Graphics – art / illustration / design category, Institute of Medical Illustrators Annual Conference (2022), Glasgow, IMI - Institute of Medical Illustrators. 2022

Amazing Course - Art and Design Foundation (Architecture), JMSU Amazing Teaching Award, https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/about-us/news/articles/2022/6/10/jmsu-amazing-teaching-award-2022-winners-announced. 2022

Keith Duguid New Author Award for the article: Roughley, M., MacDougall, L. and Erolin, C. (2020). ‘Cystic Fibrosis: A Pocket Guide’. Presented at the Institute of Medical Illustrators Skills and Service Update (2021). Online and at Wyboston Lakes, Bedford, Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine/Institute of Medical Illustrators. 2021

Reader’s Choice Award for the article: Irwin. J., Roughley, M. and Smith, K. (2020). ‘To Donate or Not to Donate? That is the Question! - an organ and body donation comic’. Presented at the Institute of Medical Illustrators Skills and Service Update 2021. Online and at Wyboston Lakes, Bedford, Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine/Institute of Medical Illustrators. 2021

Research Team of the Year (awarded to Face Lab, LJMU) - Educate North Awards 2019, Educate North, https://www.educatenorth.co.uk/2019-winners. 2019

‘Heritage Project Award’ for Exercise MAGWICH, Ministry of Defence Sanctuary Awards (2018), presented to Operation Nightingale (DIO) and Face Lab (LJMU), Ministry of Defence, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/757743/Sanctuary_magazine_2018_issue.pdf. 2018

‘Silver Otter Award’ for Exercise MAGWICH, Ministry of Defence Sanctuary Awards (2018), presented to Operation Nightingale (DIO) and Face Lab (LJMU), Ministry of Defence, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/757743/Sanctuary_magazine_2018_issue.pdf. 2018

Liverpool John Moores University's Vice-Chancellor's Award for Knowledge Transfer and Social and Economic Engagement (2018): Highly Commended, Liverpool John Moores University. 2018

Liverpool John Moores University's Vice-Chancellor's Excellence Award for Excellence in Social and Economic Engagement (2016) - Presented to Professor Caroline Wilkinson and the Face Lab team, Liverpool John Moores University. 2016

Bronze Award - IMI Award, Graphic Design Category, Institute of Medical Illustrators Annual Conference (2014), “Reigniting Creativity in Healthcare,” Bristol, IMI - Institute of Medical Illustrators. 2014

Silver Award - IMI Awards, Graphic Design Category, Institute of Medical Illustrators Annual Conference (2014), “Reigniting Creativity in Healthcare,” Bristol. 2014

Conference presentation:

O’Toole, P., Roberts, A., Roughley, M. and Rankin, M. (2023). Development of 3D Training Models for the Identification & Classification of Colorectal Polyps’, Institute of Medical Illustrators 55th Annual Conference, Cardiff, Oral presentation. 2023

Roughley, M. (2023). Art-Science Inter-Multi-Transdisciplinary Practice: What materialises when working in the boundaries of disciplines?, LJMU APSS Faculty Research Conference- 'Intersections: Where the creative, critical and community meet', Student Life Building, Oral presentation. 2023

Roughley, M. (2023). The Affordances of 3D Digital Technologies for Medical Illustration, Medical Artists' Association 72nd Annual Conference, Liverpool Medical Institute, Liverpool, UK, Oral presentation. 2023

Roughley, M. and Liu, C-Y.J (2022). Digital 2D, 2.5D and 3D methods for adding photo-realistic textures to 3D facial depictions of people from the past, 19th Biennial Meeting of the International Association for Craniofacial Identiification, Liverpool John Moores University, Oral presentation. 2022

Roughley, M. and Liu, C-Y.J (2022). Workshop: Digital Technologies for Craniofacial Depiction, 19th Biennial Meeting of the International Association for Craniofacial Identiification, Liverpool John Moores University, Other. 2022

Wilkinson, C., Roughley, M. (2022). The Face of Robert the Bruce (King Robert I Scotland), 19th Biennial Meeting of the International Association for Craniofacial Identiification, Liverpool John Moores University, Oral presentation. 2022

Roughley, M. (2021). Should humans from the past exist as digital humans in the future?, Anatomy & Beyond - a collaborative symposium by BIOMAB, MAA, ARSIC, AEIMS. Satellite symposium of 47th Congress of International Society for History of medicine ISHM. Hosted by RSU Anatomy museum, Riga, Latvia, Oral presentation. 2021

Liu, C.Y.J. and Roughley, M. (2021). Rebuilding historical faces from the skull. A look at a recent project with Museum of Liverpool to update the reconstruction of Leasowe Man, Museum of Liverpool #ArchaeoSTEM Twitter Conference, Liverpool, Other. 2021

Vaiude, P., Roughley, M. and Redman, A. (2021) Conversations and practice of applied anatomy to create an art installation, NATIONAL CONGRESS OF THE BULGARIAN ANATOMICAL SOCIETY http://www.mu-pleven.bg/index.php/bg/news/upcoming-events/5743-xxv-national-congress-of-the-bulgarian-anatomical-society-with-international-participation-28-30-may-2021, Pleven Medical University, Bulgaria, Oral presentation. 2021

Roughley, M., D'Sa, R. and Irwin, J. (2019). Antimicrobial Avengers! Antimicrobial resistance public engagement through graphic medicine, Institute of Medical Illustrators Annual Conference, Stormont Hotel, Belfast, Belfast, Oral presentation. 2019

Smith, K.A., Roughley, M. And Wilkinson, C. (2019). One of Us? Navigating ‘rehumanisation’ questions in the depiction and display of two ancient Egyptians from the Johns Hopkins Archaeological Museum, The International Association of Craniofacial Identification, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA, Poster presentation. 2019

Smith, K. A., Wilkinson, C. W., Roughley, M. A. (2018), Death Futures?, Encountering Corpses IV - ‘Post-Human Corpse, Death and Digital Technology’, No 70 Oxford Street, Manchester, Oral presentation. 2018

Roughley, M. A., Vaiude, P., Wilkinson, C. M., Honey, A., (2018), Exploring facial reconstruction through artistic interventions, 27th Congress of the Association Européenne des Illustrateurs Médicaux et Scientifiques: The Cutting Edge of Medical Art, Antwerp, Belgium, Oral presentation. 2018

Roughley, M. A., Wilkinson, C. M., Shrimpton, S. L., MacGregor, M., Mockton, D. G., Moffat, R., (2018), Exploring cognitive bias when texturing a facial depiction of King Robert the Bruce, Art, Materiality and Represenation - Royal Anthropological Institute Conference 2018, British Museum, SOAS, Oral presentation. 2018

Smith, K. A., Balachandran, S., Wilkinson, C. M., Swaney, M., Garcia, J. R., Roughley, M. A., (2018), One of Us? Navigating ‘rehumanisation’ questions in the depiction and display of ancient Egyptians from the Johns Hopkins Archaeological Museum, Art, Materiality and Representation - Royal Anthropological Institute Conference 2018, British Museum, SOAS, Oral presentation. 2018

Smith, K. A., Roughley, M. A., Harris, S., Wilkinson, C. M., Palmer, E., (2018), From Ta-Kesh to Ta-Kush: the affordances of digital, haptic visualisation for heritage accessibility, Extraordinary World Congress on Mummy Studies, Santa Cruz, Tenerife, Oral presentation. 2018

Roughley, M. A., Smith, K. A., Wilkinson, C. M., (2018), Investigating new areas of Art/Science practice-based research with the MA Art in Science postgraduate programme at Liverpool School of Art and Design - a reflective summary https://www.heacademy.ac.uk/system/files/downloads/Programme%20with%20abstract%20detail%20-%20Day%202_1.pdf, Higher Education Academy (HEA) Annual STEM Conference 2018 Creativity in Teaching, Learning and Student Engagement, Newcastle Centre for LIFE, Oral presentation. 2018

Roughley, M. A. (2017), A live demo of the 3D data acquisition and 3D modelling workflow employed by the Face Lab at LJMU, 49th Annual Institute of Medical Illustrators Conference, East Midlands Conference Centre and Orchard Hotel, University Park, The University of Nottingham, Oral presentation. 2017

Roughley, M. A., Liu, C. Y., Wikinson, C. M. (2017), Revealing the Face of a Tudor Dubliner, Between the Lines: The Archaeology of Luas Cross City by Transport Infrastructure Ireland (TII), Dublin, Oral presentation. 2017

Roughley, M. A., (2016), Texturing realistic CGI and 3D printed facial depictions. Current and future practice at Face Lab, Liverpool School of Art and Design, Institute of Medical Illustrators 49th annual conference, Clydebank, Glasgow, Oral presentation. 2016

Roughley, M. A., (2016), 3D Facial Depiction and CGI, Face, Race and Identity Symposium, LJMU - Liverpool School of Art and Design, Oral presentation. 2016

Anti-doping branding/logo legacy design workshop, “Doping in Sport” event, Liverpool John Moores University, Other. 2016

Baker, L. Roughley, M. A., (2016), LJMU FabLab: A place to play, to create, to learn, Liverpool John Moores University 15th Teaching and Learning conference, Liverpool John Moores University, Other. 2016

Roughley, M. A., (2016), Developing a community of collaborative learners/artists within Liverpool School of Art and Design: Postgraduate Taught shared module "Collaborative Practice", Liverpool John Moores University 15th Teaching and Learning conference, Liverpool John Moores University, Poster presentation. 2016

Baker, L., Roughley, M. A., (2015), LJMU FabLab: Meet the FabLab team, Liverpool John Moores University 14th Teaching and Learning conference, Liverpool John Moores University, Other. 2015

Roughley, M. A, Mason, A. G., Waite, M., (2014), iBook workshop. An interactive session on creating iBooks using Apple’s iBooks Author software and a look at how iBooks could be implemented within healthcare settings, IMI - Institute of Medical Illustrators Annual Conference, “Reigniting Creativity in Healthcare,” Bristol 2014, Bristol, Other. 2014

Mason, A. G., Roughley, M. A., (2014), "The iBook as a means of delivering innovative teaching and learning" A dentistry case study, University of Dundee E-Learning Symposium 2014, University of Dundee, Dalhousie Building, Oral presentation. 2014

O'Malley, A., Roughley, M. A., (2014), Using Nearpod in an interactive Anatomy classroom, Dundee University College of Medicine, Dentistry and Nursing e-learning forum 2014, Dundee, Oral presentation. 2014

Roughley, M. A., Mason, A. G., (2014), An interactive tooth morphology iBook, Dundee University College of Medicine, Dentistry and Nursing e-learning forum 2014, Dundee, Poster presentation. 2014

Other Professional Activity:

Technical Support: 3D scanning and visualisation of the Harold Wainwright Memorial Plaque (Dead Man's Penny) for Boodles. 2023

Technical Support: 3D scanning of NML Renaissance collection artefacts for the 'Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Art' galleries reopening July 2023 at Walker Art Gallery. 2023

Public Engagement Event: Face Lab LJMU at Liverpool Museum for the Festival of Archaeology 26th July 2023 https://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/whatson/museum-of-liverpool/event/face-lab. 2023

Public Engagement Event: Face Lab at Daresbury Laboratory Open Day, 15/07/2023. https://daresbury-openday.co.uk/. 2023

Course: 'Drawing on Experience' one day workshop using art to explore patient or public research partners' experience of health research led by Nicola Harman (UoL), Mark Roughley (LJMU), Abby Sumner (LJMU). 10/07/2023. https://twitter.com/harman_nicola/status/1674372697961242624?s=20. 2023

Technical Support: 3D scanning of NML World Cultures collection artefacts for 'Hot House' (2023) by Kent Chan exhibited at Bluecoat Liverpool for Liverpool Biennial 2023 https://www.biennial.com/artists/kent-chan/ https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/about-us/news/articles/2023/7/4/liverpool-biennial. 2023

Podcast: Connecting Citizens to Science (CCS) Episode: 'Let's Play! The Intersection between Art and Science'. First broadcast 26 May 2023 https://www.thesclagency.co.uk/ccs-podcast/episode/213c538b/lets-play-the-intersection-between-art-and-science. 2023

Public Engagement Event: Liverpool LASER - 'What is a Medical Artist?' at Liverpool Medical Institution, 21/04/2023 https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/microsites/liverpool-laser. 2023

Public Engagement Event: Liverpool LASER - ‘The Collective Phenomena of Fanchon Fröhlich’ at Exhibition Research Lab, 18/10/2021 https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/microsites/liverpool-laser. 2021

Invited Webinar: “Art-Science Transdisciplinary Practice: What materialises when working in the spaces between disciplines?” School of Animal, Plant & Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. 18 Jun 2021. 2021

Technical Support: 3D scanning of NML World Cultures collection artefacts for 'I, too, am a survivor' (2021) at World Museum, Liverpool https://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/whatson/world-museum/exhibition/world-cultures-gallery https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c7BT4aakENY&t=17s. 2021

Public Engagement Event: Liverpool LASER - ‘Digital Humans’ at Barclays Eagle Labs, Mann Island, 03/03/2020 https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/microsites/liverpool-laser. 2020

Public Engagement Event: Liverpool LASER - 'Oceans 4.0' at FACT Liverpool, 12/10/2019 https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/microsites/liverpool-laser. 2019

Public Engagement Event: Liverpool LASER - ‘Art & Science Exchange’, John Lennon Art & Design Building, 28/10/2019 https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/microsites/liverpool-laser. 2019

Public Engagement Event: Light Night 2019 'Antimicrobial Avengers', John Lennon Art & Design Building, 17/05/2019 http://lightnightliverpool.co.uk/whats-on/antimicrobial-avengers/. 2019

Public Engagement Event: Manchester City Art Gallery as part of the 'Leonardo da Vinci: A Life in Drawing' series of events 25/04/19. Presentation title 'Leonardo's Laboratory: Medical Illustration in the time of Leonardo to now'. 2019

Public Engagement Event: Liverpool LASER - ‘Leonardo's Laboratory’ at Walker Art Gallery, 11 April 2019 https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/microsites/liverpool-laser. 2019

Public Engagement Event: Walker Art Gallery, 11/04/19. Fab Lab Liverpool and MA Art in Science programme at Liverpool School of Art and Design present 'Leonardo's Pop-up Laboratory'. Visit our pop-up laboratory to explore some of the technologies and methods that Leonardo da Vinci may have used if he was alive today, including 3D printing and 3D scanning, and digital haptic or virtual reality sculpting. https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/about-us/events/2019/4/11/leonardos-pop-up-laboratory. 2019

Public Engagement Event: Liverpool LASER - ‘Broken Symmetries’ at FACT Liverpool, 22/10/2018 https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/microsites/liverpool-laser. 2018

Public Engagement Event: Liverpool LASER - ‘The Perception Machine’ at Tate Liverpool, 04/07/2018 https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/microsites/liverpool-laser. 2018

Public Engagement Event: Tate Exchange Liverpool – 'The Perception Machine: Can we think of artworks as sensing machines?' 02/07/2018-08/07/2018. http://www.tate.org.uk/whats-on/tate-liverpool/workshop/the-perception-machine. 2018

Public Engagement Event: Light Night 2018 'Exploring the Human Face- Understand anatomy and the mix of art and science', John Lennon Art & Design Building, https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/about-us/news/articles/2018/5/2/lightnight-2018. 2018

Public Engagement Event: The GREAT Festival of Innovation (Hong Kong) took place at a historic moment for the UK, Hong Kong and Asian economies, enabling the exchange of innovations that will drive the future of free trade and build life-long partnerships. Over four days (21-24 March 2018), the Festival provided a series of thought-provoking activities involving industry leaders, entrepreneurs, artists and educationalists to an audience from the UK, Hong Kong, China, Japan, South Korea and wider region. Face Lab was invited as a cultural contributor at the festival and Mark Roughley and Dr Jessica Liu gave a presentation on Face Lab’s innovative use of technology, led daily live demos and produced digital artwork at the event that was attended by international leaders in trade and industry leaders in technology, culture and education. https://www.events.trade.gov.uk/the-great-festival-of-innovation-hong-kong-2018/sponsor/face-lab/. 2018

Public Engagement Event: Liverpool LASER - ‘Faces and Identity’ at Liverpool School of Art & Design, 14/03/2018 https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/microsites/liverpool-laser. 2018

Public Engagement Event: Haddington 700 opening day celebrations joint lecture with Dr Martin MacGregor, St. Mary's Parish Church, Haddington, East Lothian 20/01/2018. Presentation title, 'And they shall see his face - facial depiction of Robert the Bruce.' https://twitter.com/haddington700/status/950735193622622208. 2018

Public Engagement Event: St.Helens Archaeological Society Frank Pope Memorial Lecture 15/01/2018 St. Helen's Quaker Meeting House . Presentation title, ‘Facial depictions of people from the past. An introduction to the work of Face Lab LJMU’.. 2018

Course: Surgical-Art UK 'Artistic Perspectives for a Facial Clinical Practice' course for trainee plastic surgeons. Professor Caroline Wilkinson and Mark Roughley worked with Surgical-Art director Dr Partha Vauide to deliver a 2 day training course for trainee plastic surgeons 09/12/2017-10/12/2017 http://www.surgical-art.com/artistic-perspectives-for-a-facial-aesthetic-practice/. 2017

Public Engagement Event: The Battle of Bannockburn Visitor Centre's Robert the Bruce evening lecture 21st October 2017 - Presentation titled 'Revealing the face of Robert the Bruce.'. 2017

Public Engagement Event: Face Lab were at the 19th Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology at Liverpool School of Art and Design, as part of their public programme of events titled 'Being Human' on Saturday 9th September 2017 https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/conferences/babao/being-human-festival. 2017

Outreach Event: Face Lab presentation and facial anatomy workshop at St. Augustine of Canterbury High School , St. Helens, as part of their S.T.E.A.M day of activities, 27/07/2017. 2017

Public Engagement Event: Face Lab LJMU at Liverpool Museum for the Festival of Archaeology 27th July 2017 http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/mol/events/displayevent.aspx?EventId=34042. 2017

Public Engagement Event: Face Lab LJMU at Light Night 2017, 'A Face From the Past', Liverpool Medical Institute, 19/05/2017 http://lightnightliverpool.co.uk/whats-on/a-face-from-the-past/ https://twitter.com/FaceLabLJMU/status/865480799604195328 https://twitter.com/FaceLabLJMU/status/865641435290193920. 2017

Public Engagement Event: Face Lab LJMU at BOM (Birmingham Open Media), Birmingham, for the 'Genecraft Biohack' on the 29th April 2017 https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/genecraft-biohack-tickets-32814298450. 2017

Public Engagement Event: Merseyside Archaeology Society evening lecture ‘An introduction to the work of Face Lab at Liverpool John Moores University: Facial depictions of people from the past’ 19th January 2017 http://www.merseysidearchsoc.com/uploads/2/7/2/9/2729758/mas_newsletterjanuary_2017.pdf. 2017

Public Engagement Event: FACT's Do Something Saturdays - Face Lab LJMU workshop with 'Heirloom' at 'No such Thing as Gravity', FACT Liverpool, 10 Dec 2016 http://www.fact.co.uk/whats-on/current/do-something-saturdays-no-such-thing-as-gravity.aspx?selection=Workshop&when=next7days. 2016

Public Engagement Event: 'No such Thing as Gravity' exhibition opening at FACT - Face Lab LJMU workshop with 'Heirloom' 10th November 2016 http://www.fact.co.uk/whats-on/current/workshop-face-lab-with-ljmu.aspx. 2016

Technical Support: Face 3D scanning, modelling and 3D printing for 'Undead Sun: We Put The World Before You' (2016) by Jane and Louise Wilson exhibited at Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art https://www.303gallery.com/public-exhibitions/jane-and-louise-wilson6. 2016

Public Engagement Event: Face Lab LJMU at National Media Museum Bradford for their Lates 'Faces' evening 29th Sept 2016 http://www.nationalmediamuseum.org.uk/planavisit/adultevents/lates. 2016

Public Engagement Event: Face Lab LJMU at Liverpool Museum for the Festival of Archaeology 22nd July 2016 http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/about/mediacentre/2016/dig-the-summer-holidays.aspx. 2016

Outreach Event: Liverpool Girl Geeks Bootcamp - 3D fabrication workshop with Fab Lab LJMU at the Studio School Liverpool. 14th June 2016. Liverpool Girl Geeks Bootcamp 2016 sponsored by SKY. http://www.liverpoolgirlgeeks.co.uk/partners/ https://twitter.com/mrk87/status/742766260782518272 https://twitter.com/mrk87/status/743142693811945472. 2016

Technical Support: Face 3D scanning and modelling for 'Heirloom' (2016) by Gina Czarnecki and Prof John Hunt exhibited at FACT Liverpool https://www.ginaczarnecki.com/heirloom. 2016

Public Engagement Event: Face Lab LJMU at Light Night 2016, Aldham Robarts Library, 13/05/2016 http://www.theskinny.co.uk/art/features/liverpool-lightnight-2016. 2016

Public Engagement Event: Face Lab LJMU at Liverpool Museum for the Festival of Archaeology 22nd July 2015. 2015

Public Engagement Event: Face Lab LJMU at Light Night 2015, Liverpool Science Park, 15/05/2015 http://www.liverpoolecho.co.uk/whats-on/arts-culture-news/liverpool-lightnight-2015-top-picks-9245404. 2015

Course: Anatomical face painting workshop for second year BDS students at Dundee Dental School, Dundee University - students worked with Medical Artists and Dentists to use face painting to revise head and neck anatomy with a dentistry focus. 21/03/2014 https://twitter.com/DundeeDental/status/446992431787945985. 2014

Course: “How to draw a face” workshop for Scottish Plastic and ENT surgeons at Ninewells Hospital Dundee, August 2013. A workshop titled “How to draw the face” focused on quick drawing of facial features and the face. Workshops held for Scottish surgeons at Ninewells Hospital Dundee, to better illustrate notes and procedures for patients. 2013

Public Engagement Series: Liverpool LASER. Part of the worldwide series of Leonardo Art Science Evening Rendezvous (LASER) Talks sponsored by Leonardo, the International Society for Art, Sciences and Technology (Leonardo/ISAST). LASER talks are an international programme of free evening gatherings that bring artists and scientists together for informal presentations and conversations on art, science and technology. Liverpool LASER is one of only 36 LASER hosts operating worldwide and with every LASER being unique to its own community, Liverpool LASER hopes to bring together interested individuals to explore and cultivate the growing art/science/technology community in the North West. Liverpool LASER hosted by Professor Caroline Wilkinson and Mark Roughley, is supported by the MA Art in Science programme at Liverpool School of Art & Design. More information on the Liverpool LASER series here: https://www.ljmu.ac.uk/microsites/liverpool-laser.

Media Coverage:

Liverpool Biennial: Fab Lab helps create Bluecoat exhibition 2023

MA Art in Science students and staff exhibit work at Glastonbury's 'Science, not Fiction' exhibition, 2023 2023
sciencefutures.info
www.ljmu.ac.uk

Interviews and coverage on the facial depiction of Ramses II on L'Egypte, une passion française, France 3 - Collaborative work with Professor Caroline Wilkinson, Jessica Liu, Mark Roughley. 2022

BBC coverage of the release of the updated facial depiction of Merseyside's oldest skeleton know as 'Leasowe Man' - Collaborative work with Professor Caroline Wilkinson, Jessica Liu, Mark Roughley

Worldwide news coverage of the reveal of a facial depiction of Robert the Bruce: BBC Alba TV programme "Ceann an Righ" - Collaboration with Professor Caroline Wilkinson, Dr Martin MacGregor and Sarah Shrimpton

Interview with Made in Liverpool TV to promote Face Lab's Festival of Archaeology event at Liverpool Museum on the 27th July 2017

Face scanning for 3D visualization projects at Liverpool School of Art and Design - online article for Artec 3D

BBC4, Digging for Britain, Series 8, Episode 4, 04/DEC/2019, 21:00. Digging for Britain joins Ministry of Defence archaeologist Richard Osgood on an island near Portsmouth with members of Operation Nightingale, a military initiative using archaeology to aid in the recovery of service personnel injured in conflict. Face Lab produced the facial reconstruction.

Face Lab LJMU at University Alliance National Event. Face Lab has taken centre stage at a national event showcasing universities’ role in driving growth in the creative economy. Face Lab was specially selected to appear at an interactive showcase: Making Places: Universities, the arts and creative industries, as a shining example of how universities are acting as custodians and champions of the arts. Face Lab’s Professor Caroline Wilkinson and Mark Roughley demonstrated the range of capabilities of the innovative, cutting-edge facial depiction technology – which has applications ranging from forensic identification to archaeological reconstruction – at the prestigious event at London’s Southbank Centre. National leaders in the creative industries attending the event included Darren Henley, CEO of Arts Council England and LJMU Honorary Fellow.

Face Lab. Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool School of Art and Design research group launch event
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Faces of Merseyside' exhibition
www.liverpoolsciencepark.co.uk
www.liverpoolecho.co.uk
www.ljmu.ac.uk

St Nicolas coverage
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Worldwide news coverage of the reveal of a facial depiction of Robert the Bruce
www.bbc.com
www.theguardian.com
news.sky.com

Worldwide news coverage of the reveal of the facial depiction of a Bronze age individual known as Liffs Low Man by Caroline Wilkinson, Jessica Liu, Mark Roughley, exhibited at Buxton Museum, UK
www.livescience.com
www.bbc.co.uk
www.dailymail.co.uk

Worldwide news coverage of the reveal of the facial depiction of a Tudor Dubliner by Caroline Wilkinson, Jessica Liu, Mark Roughley in collaboration with Rubicon Heritage
www.archaeology.org
www.smithsonianmag.com
www.washingtontimes.com

Conference organisation:

The 19th Biennial meeting of the International Association for Craniofacial identification. ‘Knowledge Transfer; presentation, ethics, bias and expectation’, Host and organiser, http://www.craniofacial-id.org/next-meeting.html. 2022

Connecting Minds - Arts and Dementia Symposium at Tate Liverpool, Member of the sympoium organisation team, http://www.cph.org.uk/news-item/connecting-minds-symposium-4th-september-liverpool-john-moores-medical-humanities-research-group/. 2015

Editorial boards:

Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine, Section Editor (Scientific and Technical - Graphics and Illustration), https://www.tandfonline.com/action/journalInformation?show=editorialBoard&journalCode=ijau20. 2019

Teaching qualification:

PGCert LTHE (Distinction). 2016

Membership of professional bodies:

Professional Member, Association Européenne des Illustrateurs Medicaux et Scientifiques, http://www.aeims.eu/.

Professional Member, Institute of Medical Illustrators, http://www.imi.org.uk/.

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