Liverpool Skylilne

Sport and Exercise Sciences

Dr Graeme Close

Dr Graeme Close

Telephone: 0151 904 6266

Publications

Highlighted publications

Pugh JN, Sage S, Hutson M, Doran DA, Fleming SC, Highton J, Morton JP, Close GL. 2017. Glutamine supplementation reduces markers of intestinal permeability during running in the heat in a dose-dependent manner EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 117 :2569-2577 >DOI >Link

Allison RJ, Farooq A, Cherif A, Hamilton B, Close GL, Wilson MG. 2017. Why don't serum vitamin D concentrations associate with BMD by DXA? A case of being 'bound' to the wrong assay? Implications for vitamin D screening. Br J Sports Med, >DOI >Link

Owens DJ, Tang JCY, Bradley WJ, Sparks AS, Fraser WD, Morton JP, Close GL. 2017. Efficacy of High-Dose Vitamin D Supplements for Elite Athletes MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 49 :349-356 >DOI >Link

Bradley WJ, Morehen JC, Haigh J, Clarke J, Donovan TF, Twist C, Cotton C, Shepherd S, Cocks M, Sharma A, Impey SG, Cooper RG, Maclaren DPM, Morton JP, Close GL. 2016. Muscle glycogen utilisation during Rugby match play: Effects of pre-game carbohydrate JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND MEDICINE IN SPORT, 19 :1033-1038 >DOI >Link

Owens DJ, Sharples AP, Polydorou I, Alwan N, Donovan T, Tang J, Fraser WD, Cooper RG, Morton JP, Stewart C, Close GL. 2015. A systems-based investigation into vitamin D and skeletal muscle repair, regeneration, and hypertrophy AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, 309 :E1019-E1031 >DOI >Link

Cobley JN, Sakellariou GK, Owens DJ, Murray S, Waldron S, Gregson W, Fraser WD, Burniston JG, Iwanejko LA, McArdle A, Morton JP, Jackson MJ, Close GL. 2014. Lifelong training preserves some redox-regulated adaptive responses after an acute exercise stimulus in aged human skeletal muscle FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, 70 :23-32 >DOI >Link

Cobley JN, Sakellariou GK, Murray S, Waldron S, Gregson W, Burniston J, Morton JP, Iwanejko LA, Close GL. 2013. Lifelong endurance training attenuates age-related genotoxic stress in human skeletal muscle Longevity and Lifespan, 2 >DOI

Kayani AC, Close GL, Dillmann WH, Mestril R, Jackson MJ, McArdle A. 2010. Overexpression of HSP10 in skeletal muscle of transgenic mice prevents the age-related fall in maximum tetanic force generation and muscle Cross-Sectional Area. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 299 :R268-R276 >DOI >Link

Gomez-Cabrera MC, Close GL, Kayani A, McArdle A, Viña J, Jackson MJ. 2010. Effect of xanthine oxidase-generated extracellular superoxide on skeletal muscle force generation. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 298 :R2-R8 >DOI >Link

O'Neill ED, Wilding JPH, Kahn CR, Van Remmen H, McArdle A, Jackson MJ, Close GL. 2010. Absence of insulin signalling in skeletal muscle is associated with reduced muscle mass and function: evidence for decreased protein synthesis and not increased degradation AGE, 32 :209-222 >DOI >Link

Journal Articles

Wilson G, Lucas D, Hambly C, Speakman JR, Morton JP, Close GL. 2017. Energy expenditure in professional flat jockeys using doubly labelled water during the racing season: Implications for body weight management. Eur J Sport Sci, :1-8 >DOI >Link

Earl KE, Sakellariou GK, Sinclair M, Fenech M, Croden F, Owens DJ, Tang J, Miller A, Lawton C, Dye L, Close GL, Fraser WD, McArdle A, Beadsworth MBJ. 2017. Vitamin D status in chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis: a cohort study from the North-West of England. BMJ Open, 7 :e015296 >DOI >Link

Brown AD, Close GL, Sharples AP, Stewart CE. 2017. Murine myoblast migration: influence of replicative ageing and nutrition BIOGERONTOLOGY, 18 :947-964 >DOI >Link

Pugh JN, Sage S, Hutson M, Doran DA, Fleming SC, Highton J, Morton JP, Close GL. 2017. Glutamine supplementation reduces markers of intestinal permeability during running in the heat in a dose-dependent manner EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 117 :2569-2577 >DOI >Link

Anderson L, Naughton RJ, Close GL, Di Michele R, Morgans R, Drust B, Morton JP. 2017. Daily Distribution of Macronutrient Intakes of Professional Soccer Players From the English Premier League. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, :1-18 >DOI >Link

Martin D, Wilson G, Morton JP, Close GL, Murphy RC. 2017. The horseracing industry’s perception of nutritional and weight-making practices of professional jockeys Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 9 :568-582 >DOI

Allison RJ, Farooq A, Cherif A, Hamilton B, Close GL, Wilson MG. 2017. Why don't serum vitamin D concentrations associate with BMD by DXA? A case of being 'bound' to the wrong assay? Implications for vitamin D screening. Br J Sports Med, >DOI >Link

Allan R, Sharples AP, Close GL, Drust B, Shepherd SO, Dutton J, Morton JP, Gregson W. 2017. Postexercise cold water immersion modulates skeletal muscle PGC-1 alpha mRNA expression in immersed and nonimmersed limbs: evidence of systemic regulation JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 123 :451-459 >DOI >Link

Cobley JN, Close GL, Bailey DM, Davison GW. 2017. Exercise redox biochemistry: Conceptual, methodological and technical recommendations REDOX BIOLOGY, 12 :540-548 >DOI >Link

Bermon S, Castell LM, Calder PC, Bishop NC, Blomstrand E, Mooren FC, Krueger K, Kavazis AN, Quindry JC, Senchina DS, Nieman DC, Gleeson M, Pyne DB, Kitic CM, Close GL, Larson-Meyer DE, Marcos A, Meydani SN, Wu D, Walsh NP, Nagatomi R. 2017. Consensus Statement Immunonutrition and Exercise EXERCISE IMMUNOLOGY REVIEW, 23 :8-50 >Link

Bradley WJ, Hannon MP, Benford V, Morehen JC, Twist C, Shepherd S, Cocks M, Impey SG, Cooper RG, Morton JP, Close GL. 2017. Metabolic demands and replenishment of muscle glycogen after a rugby league match simulation protocol JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND MEDICINE IN SPORT, 20 :878-883 >DOI >Link

Pugh JN, Impey SG, Doran DA, Fleming SC, Morton JP, Close GL. 2017. Acute high-intensity interval running increases markers of gastrointestinal damage and permeability but not gastrointestinal symptoms APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 42 :941-947 >DOI >Link

Anderson L, Orme P, Naughton RJ, Close GL, Milsom J, Rydings D, O'Boyle A, Di Michele R, Louis J, Hambly C, Speakman JR, Morgans R, Drust B, Morton JP. 2017. Energy Intake and Expenditure of Professional Soccer Players of the English Premier League: Evidence of Carbohydrate Periodization INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT NUTRITION AND EXERCISE METABOLISM, 27 :228-238 >DOI >Link

Owens DJ, Tang JCY, Bradley WJ, Sparks AS, Fraser WD, Morton JP, Close GL. 2017. Efficacy of High-Dose Vitamin D Supplements for Elite Athletes MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 49 :349-356 >DOI >Link

Clarke JS, Highton J, Close GL, Twist C. 2016. Carbohydrate and caffeine improves high intensity running of elite rugby league interchange players during simulated match play. J Strength Cond Res, >DOI >Link

Anderson L, Orme P, Di Michele R, Close GL, Milsom J, Morgans R, Drust B, Morton JP. 2016. Quantification of Seasonal-Long Physical Load in Soccer Players With Different Starting Status From the English Premier League: Implications for Maintaining Squad Physical Fitness INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, 11 :1038-1046 >DOI >Link

Joo CH, Allan R, Drust B, Close GL, Jeong TS, Bartlett JD, Mawhinney C, Louhelainen J, Morton JP, Gregson W. 2016. Passive and post-exercise cold-water immersion augments PGC-1 alpha and VEGF expression in human skeletal muscle EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 116 :2315-2326 >DOI >Link

Hammond KM, Impey SG, Currell K, Mitchell N, Shepherd SO, Jeromson S, Hawley JA, Close GL, Hamilton LD, Sharples AP, Morton JP. 2016. Postexercise High-Fat Feeding Suppresses p70S6K1 Activity in Human Skeletal Muscle MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 48 :2108-2117 >DOI >Link

Bradley WJ, Morehen JC, Haigh J, Clarke J, Donovan TF, Twist C, Cotton C, Shepherd S, Cocks M, Sharma A, Impey SG, Cooper RG, Maclaren DPM, Morton JP, Close GL. 2016. Muscle glycogen utilisation during Rugby match play: Effects of pre-game carbohydrate JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND MEDICINE IN SPORT, 19 :1033-1038 >DOI >Link

Morehen JC, Bradley WJ, Clarke J, Twist C, Hambly C, Speakman JR, Morton JP, Close GL. 2016. The Assessment of Total Energy Expenditure During a 14-Day In-Season Period of Professional Rugby League Players Using the Doubly Labelled Water Method INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT NUTRITION AND EXERCISE METABOLISM, 26 :464-472 >DOI >Link

Cobley JN, Ab Malik Z, Morton JP, Close GL, Edwards BJ, Burniston JG. 2016. Age- and Activity-Related Differences in the Abundance of Myosin Essential and Regulatory Light Chains in Human Muscle. Proteomes, 4 >DOI >Link

Close GL, Hamilton L, Philp A, Burke L, Morton JP. 2016. New Strategies in Sport Nutrition to Increase Exercise Performance. Free radical biology & medicine,

Impey SG, Hammond KM, Shepherd SO, Sharples AP, Stewart C, Limb M, Smith K, Philp A, Jeromson S, Hamilton DL, Close GL, Morton JP. 2016. Fuel for the work required: A practical approach to amalgamating train-low paradigms for endurance athletes Physiological Reports, 4 >DOI

Crighton B, Close GL, Morton JP. 2016. Alarming weight cutting behaviours in mixed martial arts: a cause for concern and a call for action BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 50 :446-U86 >DOI >Link

Anderson L, Orme P, Di Michele R, Close GL, Morgans R, Drust B, Morton JP. 2016. Quantification of training load during one-, two- and three-game week schedules in professional soccer players from the English Premier League: implications for carbohydrate periodisation JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 34 :1250-1259 >DOI >Link

Fletcher BD, Twist C, Haigh JD, Brewer C, Morton JP, Close GL. 2016. Season-long increases in perceived muscle soreness in professional rugby league players: role of player position, match characteristics and playing surface JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 34 :1067-1072 >DOI >Link

Walton RD, Jones SA, Rostron KA, Kayani AC, Close GL, McArdle A, Lancaster MK. 2016. Interactions of Short-Term and Chronic Treadmill Training With Aging of the Left Ventricle of the Heart Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 71 :1005-1013 >DOI

Kasper AM, Cocking S, Cockayne M, Barnard M, Tench J, Parker L, McAndrew J, Langan-Evans C, Close GL, Morton JP. 2016. Carbohydrate mouth rinse and caffeine improves high-intensity interval running capacity when carbohydrate restricted EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE, 16 :560-568 >DOI >Link

Wilson G, Hill J, Sale C, Morton JP, Close GL. 2015. Elite male Flat jockeys display lower bone density and lower resting metabolic rate than their female counterparts: implications for athlete welfare APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 40 :1318-1320 >DOI >Link

Owens DJ, Sharples AP, Polydorou I, Alwan N, Donovan T, Tang J, Fraser WD, Cooper RG, Morton JP, Stewart C, Close GL. 2015. A systems-based investigation into vitamin D and skeletal muscle repair, regeneration, and hypertrophy AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, 309 :E1019-E1031 >DOI >Link

Wilson G, Pritchard PP, Papageorgiou C, Phillips S, Kumar P, Langan-Evans C, Routledge H, Owens DJ, Morton JP, Close GL. 2015. Fasted Exercise and Increased Dietary Protein Reduces Body Fat and Improves Strength in Jockeys INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 36 :1008-1014 >DOI >Link

Cobley JN, Margaritelis NV, Morton JP, Close GL, Nikolaidis MG, Malone JK. 2015. The basic chemistry of exercise-induced DNA oxidation: oxidative damage, redox signaling, and their interplay FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY, 6 >DOI >Link

Jeong TS, Bartlett JD, Joo CH, Louhelainen J, Close GL, Morton JP, Drust B. 2015. Acute simulated soccer-specific training increases PGC-1α mRNA expression in human skeletal muscle Journal of Sports Sciences, 33 :1493-1503 >DOI

Evans SD, Brewer C, Haigh JD, Lake M, Morton JP, Close GL. 2015. The physical demands of Super League rugby: Experiences of a newly promoted franchise EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE, 15 :505-513 >DOI >Link

Bradley WJ, Cavanagh B, Douglas W, Donovan TF, Twist C, Morton JP, Close GL. 2015. Energy intake and expenditure assessed 'in-season' in an elite European rugby union squad EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE, 15 :469-479 >DOI >Link

Cobley JN, McHardy H, Morton JP, Nikolaidis MG, Close GL. 2015. Influence of vitamin C and vitamin E on redox signaling: Implications for exercise adaptations FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, 84 :65-76 >DOI >Link

Allison RJ, Close GL, Farooq A, Riding NR, Salah O, Hamilton B, Wilson MG. 2015. Severely vitamin D-deficient athletes present smaller hearts than sufficient athletes EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE CARDIOLOGY, 22 :535-542 >DOI >Link

Morehen JC, Routledge HE, Twist C, Morton JP, Close GL. 2015. Position specific differences in the anthropometric characteristics of elite European Super League rugby players EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE, 15 :523-529 >DOI >Link

Cobley JN, Moult PR, Burniston JG, Morton JP, Close GL. 2015. Exercise improves mitochondrial and redox-regulated stress responses in the elderly: better late than never! BIOGERONTOLOGY, 16 :249-264 >DOI >Link

Jeong T-S, Bartlett JD, Joo C-H, Louhelainen J, Close GL, Morton JP, Drust B. 2015. Acute simulated soccer-specific training increases PGC-1 alpha mRNA expression in human skeletal muscle JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 33 :1493-1503 >DOI >Link

Impey SG, Smith D, Robinson AL, Owens DJ, Bartlett JD, Smith K, Limb M, Tang J, Fraser WD, Close GL, Morton JP. 2015. Leucine-enriched protein feeding does not impair exercise-induced free fatty acid availability and lipid oxidation: beneficial implications for training in carbohydrate-restricted states AMINO ACIDS, 47 :407-416 >DOI >Link

Owens DJ, Fraser WD, Close GL. 2015. Vitamin D and the athlete: Emerging insights EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE, 15 :73-84 >DOI >Link

Allison RJ, Farooq A, Hamilton B, Close GL, Wilson MG. 2015. No Association between Vitamin D Deficiency and Markers of Bone Health in Athletes MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 47 :782-788 >DOI >Link

Bradley WJ, Cavanagh BP, Douglas W, Donovan TF, Morton JP, Close GL. 2015. QUANTIFICATION OF TRAINING LOAD, ENERGY INTAKE, AND PHYSIOLOGICAL ADAPTATIONS DURING A RUGBY PRESEASON: A CASE STUDY FROM AN ELITE EUROPEAN RUGBY UNION SQUAD JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 29 :534-544 >Link

Lee MJC, Hammond KM, Vasdev A, Poole KL, Impey SG, Close GL, Morton JP. 2014. Self-selecting Fluid Intake while Maintaining High Carbohydrate Availability Does not Impair Half-marathon Performance INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 35 :1216-1222 >DOI >Link

Close GL, Jackson MJ. 2014. Antioxidants and exercise: a tale of the complexities of relating signalling processes to physiological function? JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, 592 :1721-1722 >DOI >Link

McGlory C, White A, Treins C, Drust B, Close GL, MacLaren DPM, Campbell IT, Philp A, Schenk S, Morton JP, Hamilton DL. 2014. Application of the [gamma-P-32] ATP kinase assay to study anabolic signaling in human skeletal muscle JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 116 :504-513 >DOI >Link

Wilson G, Drust B, Morton JP, Close GL. 2014. Weight-Making Strategies in Professional Jockeys: Implications for Physical and Mental Health and Well-Being SPORTS MEDICINE, 44 :785-796 >DOI >Link

Owens DJ, Webber D, Impey SG, Tang J, Donovan TF, Fraser WD, Morton JP, Close GL. 2014. Vitamin D supplementation does not improve human skeletal muscle contractile properties in insufficient young males EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 114 :1309-1320 >DOI >Link

Cobley JN, Sakellariou GK, Owens DJ, Murray S, Waldron S, Gregson W, Fraser WD, Burniston JG, Iwanejko LA, McArdle A, Morton JP, Jackson MJ, Close GL. 2014. Lifelong training preserves some redox-regulated adaptive responses after an acute exercise stimulus in aged human skeletal muscle FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, 70 :23-32 >DOI >Link

Bartlett JD, Close GL, Drust B, Morton JP. 2014. The emerging role of p53 in exercise metabolism. Sports Med, 44 :303-309 >DOI >Link

Wilson G, Hawken MB, Poole I, Sparks A, Bennett S, Drust B, Morton J, Close GL. 2014. Rapid weight-loss impairs simulated riding performance and strength in jockeys: implications for making-weight. J Sports Sci, 32 :383-391 >DOI >Link

Malik ZA, Cobley JN, Morton JP, Close GL, Edwards BJ, Koch LG, Britton SL, Burniston JG. 2013. Label-Free LC-MS Profiling of Skeletal Muscle Reveals Heart-Type Fatty Acid Binding Protein as a Candidate Biomarker of Aerobic Capacity. Proteomes, 1 :290-308

Cobley JN, Sakellariou GK, Murray S, Waldron S, Gregson W, Burniston J, Morton JP, Iwanejko LA, Close GL. 2013. Lifelong endurance training attenuates age-related genotoxic stress in human skeletal muscle Longevity and Lifespan, 2 >DOI

Bridge CA, McNaughton LR, Close GL, Drust B. 2013. Taekwondo exercise protocols do not recreate the physiological responses of championship combat. Int J Sports Med, 34 :573-581 >DOI >Link

Owens DJ, Close GL. 2013. Vitamin D and athletic performance Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech, 24 :63-67

Sparks SA, Close GL. 2013. Validity of a portable urine refractometer: The effects of sample freezing JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 31 :745-749 >DOI >Link

Wilson G, Sparks SA, Drust B, Morton JP, Close GL. 2013. Assessment of energy expenditure in elite jockeys during simulated race riding and a working day: Implications for making weight Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 38 :415-420 >DOI

Bartlett JD, Louhelainen J, Iqbal Z, Cochran AJ, Gibala MJ, Gregson W, Close GL, Drust B, Morton JP. 2013. Reduced carbohydrate availability enhances exercise-induced p53 signaling in human skeletal muscle: implications for mitochondrial biogenesis. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 304 :R450-R458 >DOI >Link

Close GL, Leckey J, Patterson M, Bradley W, Owens DJ, Fraser WD, Morton JP. 2013. The effects of vitamin D(3) supplementation on serum total 25[OH]D concentration and physical performance: a randomised dose-response study. Br J Sports Med, 47 :692-696 >DOI >Link

Taylor C, Bartlett JD, van de Graaf CS, Louhelainen J, Coyne V, Iqbal Z, Maclaren DPM, Gregson W, Close GL, Morton JP. 2013. Protein ingestion does not impair exercise-induced AMPK signalling when in a glycogen-depleted state: implications for train-low compete-high. Eur J Appl Physiol, 113 :1457-1468 >DOI >Link

Wilson G, Fraser WD, Sharma A, Eubank M, Drust B, Morton JP, Close GL. 2013. Markers of bone health, renal function, liver function, anthropometry and perception of mood: a comparison between Flat and National Hunt Jockeys. Int J Sports Med, 34 :453-459 >DOI >Link

Close GL, Russell J, Cobley JN, Owens DJ, Wilson G, Gregson W, Fraser WD, Morton JP. 2013. Assessment of vitamin D concentration in non-supplemented professional athletes and healthy adults during the winter months in the UK: implications for skeletal muscle function. J Sports Sci, 31 :344-353 >DOI >Link

Cobley JN, Bartlett JD, Gregson W, Burniston JG, Morton JP, Close GL, Kayani A, Murray SW, Louhelainen J, Donovan T, Waldron S. 2012. PGC-1α transcriptional response and mitochondrial adaptation to acute exercise is maintained in skeletal muscle of sedentary elderly males Biogerontology, :1-11 >DOI

Cobley JN, Bartlett JD, Kayani A, Murray SW, Louhelainen J, Donovan T, Waldron S, Gregson W, Burniston JG, Morton JP, Close GL. 2012. PGC-1α transcriptional response and mitochondrial adaptation to acute exercise is maintained in skeletal muscle of sedentary elderly males. Biogerontology, 13 :621-631 >DOI >Link

Donovan T, Ballam T, Morton JP, Close GL. 2012. beta-Alanine Improves Punch Force and Frequency in Amateur Boxers During a Simulated Contest INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT NUTRITION AND EXERCISE METABOLISM, 22 :331-337 >Link

Morton JP, Iqbal Z, Drust B, Burgess D, Close GL, Brukner PD. 2012. Seasonal variation in vitamin D status in professional soccer players of the English Premier League. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 37 :798-802 >DOI >Link

Wilson G, Chester N, Eubank M, Crighton B, Morton J, Close G. 2012. An alternate dietary strategy to make weight improves mood, decreases body-fat and removes the necessity for dehydration: A case study from a professional UK jockey. International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism,

Wilson G, Chester N, Eubank M, Crighton B, Drust B, Morton JP, Close GL. 2012. An alternative dietary strategy to make weight while improving mood, decreasing body fat, and not dehydrating: a case study of a professional jockey. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 22 :225-231 >Link

Bartlett JD, Joo CH, Jeong TS, Louhelainen J, Cochran AJ, Gibala MJ, Gregson W, Close GL, Drust B, Morton JP. 2012. Matched work high-intensity interval and continuous running induce similar increases in PGC-1α mRNA, AMPK, p38 and p53 phosphorylation in human skeletal muscle Journal of Applied Physiology, 112 :1125-1143 >DOI

Langan-Evans C, Close GL, Morton JP. 2011. Making Weight in Combat Sports STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING JOURNAL, 33 :25-39 >DOI >Link

Cobley JN, McGlory C, Morton JP, Close GL. 2011. N-Acetylcysteine's attenuation of fatigue after repeated bouts of intermittent exercise: practical implications for tournament situations. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 21 :451-461 >Link

Bartlett JD, Close GL, MacLaren DPM, Gregson W, Drust B, Morton JP. 2011. High-intensity interval running is perceived to be more enjoyable than moderate-intensity continuous exercise: implications for exercise adherence. J Sports Sci, 29 :547-553 >DOI >Link

Roberts LA, Beattie K, Close GL, Morton JP. 2011. Vitamin C consumption does not impair training-induced improvements in exercise performance. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 6 :58-69 >Link

Taylor C, Higham D, Close GL, Morton JP. 2011. The effect of adding caffeine to postexercise carbohydrate feeding on subsequent high-intensity interval-running capacity compared with carbohydrate alone. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 21 :410-416 >Link

Nie J, Close G, George KP, Tong TK, Shi Q. 2010. Temporal association of elevations in serum cardiac troponin T and myocardial oxidative stress after prolonged exercise in rats European Journal of Applied Physiology, 110 :1299-1303 >DOI

Kayani AC, Close GL, Dillmann WH, Mestril R, Jackson MJ, McArdle A. 2010. Overexpression of HSP10 in skeletal muscle of transgenic mice prevents the age-related fall in maximum tetanic force generation and muscle Cross-Sectional Area. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 299 :R268-R276 >DOI >Link

Amara AB, Sharma A, Alexander JL, Alfirevic A, Mohiuddin A, Pirmohamed M, Close GL, Grime S, Maltby P, Shawki H, Heyworth S, Shenkin A, Smith L, Sharma AK, Hammad A, Rustom R. 2010. Randomized controlled trial: lisinopril reduces proteinuria, ammonia, and renal polypeptide tubular catabolism in patients with chronic allograft nephropathy. Transplantation, 89 :104-114 >DOI >Link

Gomez-Cabrera MC, Close GL, Kayani A, McArdle A, Viña J, Jackson MJ. 2010. Effect of xanthine oxidase-generated extracellular superoxide on skeletal muscle force generation. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 298 :R2-R8 >DOI >Link

O'Neill ED, Wilding JPH, Kahn CR, Van Remmen H, McArdle A, Jackson MJ, Close GL. 2010. Absence of insulin signalling in skeletal muscle is associated with reduced muscle mass and function: evidence for decreased protein synthesis and not increased degradation AGE, 32 :209-222 >DOI >Link

Kayani AC, Close GL, Jackson MJ, McArdle A. 2008. Prolonged treadmill training increases HSP70 in skeletal muscle but does not affect age-related functional deficits. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 294 :R568-R576 >DOI >Link

Close GL, Jackson MJ. 2008. The use of in vivo microdialysis techniques to detect extracellular ROS in resting and contracting skeletal muscle. Methods Mol Biol, 477 :123-136 >DOI >Link

Kayani AC, Close GL, Broome CS, Jackson MJ, McArdle A. 2008. Enhanced recovery from contraction-induced damage in skeletal muscles of old mice following treatment with the heat shock protein inducer 17-(allylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin. Rejuvenation Res, 11 :1021-1030 >DOI >Link

Close GL, Haggan P, McArdle A. 2007. Skeletal muscle aging Reviews in Clinical Gerontology, 17 :13-23 >DOI

Close GL, Kayani AC, Ashton T, McArdle A, Jackson MJ. 2007. Release of superoxide from skeletal muscle of adult and old mice: an experimental test of the reductive hotspot hypothesis. Aging Cell, 6 :189-195 >DOI >Link

McArdle A, Broome CS, Kayani AC, Tully MD, Close GL, Vasilaki A, Jackson MJ. 2006. HSF expression in skeletal muscle during myogenesis: implications for failed regeneration in old mice. Exp Gerontol, 41 :497-500 >DOI >Link

Close GL, Ashton T, Cable T, Doran D, Holloway C, McArdle F, MacLaren DPM. 2006. Ascorbic acid supplementation does not attenuate post-exercise muscle soreness following muscle-damaging exercise but may delay the recovery process. Br J Nutr, 95 :976-981 >Link

Close GL, Kayani A, Vasilaki A, McArdle A. 2005. Skeletal muscle damage with exercise and aging. Sports Med, 35 :413-427 >Link

Close GL, Ashton T, McArdle A, Jackson MJ. 2005. Microdialysis studies of extracellular reactive oxygen species in skeletal muscle: factors influencing the reduction of cytochrome c and hydroxylation of salicylate. Free Radic Biol Med, 39 :1460-1467 >DOI >Link

Close GL, Ashton T, Cable T, Doran D, Noyes C, McArdle F, MacLaren DPM. 2005. Effects of dietary carbohydrate on delayed onset muscle soreness and reactive oxygen species after contraction induced muscle damage. Br J Sports Med, 39 :948-953 >DOI >Link

Close GL, Ashton T, McArdle A, MacLaren DPM. 2005. The emerging role of free radicals in delayed onset muscle soreness and contraction-induced muscle injury COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY A-MOLECULAR & INTEGRATIVE PHYSIOLOGY, 142 :257-266 >DOI >Link

McArdle A, van der Meulen J, Close GL, Pattwell D, Van Remmen H, Huang TT, Richardson AG, Epstein CJ, Faulkner JA, Jackson MJ. 2004. Role of mitochondrial superoxide dismutase in contraction-induced generation of reactive oxygen species in skeletal muscle extracellular space. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol, 286 :C1152-C1158 >DOI >Link

McArdle F, Rhodes LE, Parslew RAG, Close GL, Jack CIA, Friedmann PS, Jackson MJ. 2004. Effects of oral vitamin E and beta-carotene supplementation on ultraviolet radiation-induced oxidative stress in human skin. Am J Clin Nutr, 80 :1270-1275 >Link

Close GL, Ashton T, Cable T, Doran D, MacLaren DPM. 2004. Eccentric exercise, isokinetic muscle torque and delayed onset muscle soreness: the role of reactive oxygen species. Eur J Appl Physiol, 91 :615-621 >DOI >Link

MaClaren DPM , Close GL. 2000. Effect of carbohydrate supplementation on simulated exercise of rugby league referees. Ergonomics, 43 :1528-1537 >DOI >Link

Impey SG, Hammond KM, Naughton RJ, Langan-Evans C, Shepherd SO, Cegielski J, Smith K, Jeromson S, Hamilton DL, Close GL, Sharples AP, Morton JP. Post-exercise co-ingestion of leucine and carbohydrate reactivates skeletal muscle p70S6K1 activity during recovery from a train-low endurance training session Journal of Applied Physiology, Under Review JAPPL-00045-2017

Close GL, Robinson SL, Morton JP, Flower D, Bannock L. Nutrition intervention for an international-standard female football player Journal of Applied Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Sciences, :17-28

Editorials and letter to the editor

Pugh JN, Fearn R, Morton JP, Close GL. 2017. Gastrointestinal symptoms in elite athletes: time to recognise the problem? Br J Sports Med, >DOI >Link

Phillips SM, Tipton KD, van Loon LJC, Verdijk LB, Paddon-Jones D, Close GL. 2016. Exceptional body composition changes attributed to collagen peptide supplementation and resistance training in older sarcopenic men BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 116 :569-570 >DOI >Link

Close GL, Brown JE. 2016. The harder you run, the longer (and smoother) the road: exercise, muscle and ageing BIOGERONTOLOGY, 17 :431-433 >DOI >Link

Other

Phillips SM, Aragon AA, Arciero PJ, Arent SM, Close GL, Hamilton DL, Helms ER, Henselmans M, Loenneke JP, Norton LE, Ormsbee MJ, Sale C, Schoenfeld BJ, Smith-Ryan AE, Tipton KD, Vukovich MD, Wilborn C, Willoughby DS. 2017. CHANGES IN BODY COMPOSITION AND PERFORMANCE WITH SUPPLEMENTAL HMB-FA plus ATP JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 31 :E71-E72 >Link

Conference Publication (journal proceedings)

Hammond KM, Impey SG, Currell K, Mitchell N, Shepherd SO, Jeromson S, Hawley JA, Close GL, Hamilton DL, Sharples AP, Morton JP. 2016. Post exercise high-fat feeding supresses p70S6K1 activity in human skeletal muscle. European College of Sport Science (ECSS)

Allan R, Sharples AP, Close G, Drust B, Shepherd S, Fraser W, Mawhinnney C, Hammond K, Morton J, Gregson W. 2016. The acute cold-induced increase in PGC-1α is partially mediated systemically through increased β-adrenergic stimulation European College of Sport Science

Owens DJ, Polydorou I, Alwan N, Fraser WD, Tang J, Morton J, Sharples AP, Stewart CE, Close GL. 2015. The Role of Vitamin D in Skeletal Muscle Repair: A Systems Biology Approach European College of Sport Science (ECSS)

Close GL, MacLaren DPM, Doran D, Ashton T. 2003. Eccentric exercise, isokinetic muscle strength and delayed-onset muscle soreness: the role of oxygen-centred radicals JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 12th Commonwealth International Sport Conference 21 :316-317 >Link

Engagement & Impact

Conference organisation:

Conference name: British Society for Research on Ageing, Position: Lead organiser and chair of the organising committee as well as chair of the scientific committee, URL: http://www.bsra.org.uk/

Conference presentation:

Title of presentation: Assessing energy intake of athletes; from theory to practice, Conference title: BASES Student Conference, Place/location of conference: Bangor University, Presentation type: Workshop

Editorial boards:

Publication: European Journal of Sports Sciences, Position: Guest Editor for a special edition on the future of sports nutrition

Publication: Professional Strength and Conditioning, Position: Nutrition Editor, URL: http://www.uksca.org.uk/uksca/common/home.asp

External collaboration:

Institution: University of Liverpool, Collaborator: Professor Malcolm Jackson

Institution: University of East Anglia, Collaborator: Professot Bill Fraser

URL: http://www.usc.edu/dept/gero/faculty/Davies/, Institution: University of Southern California, Collaborator: Professor Kelvin Davies

External committees:

Committee name: Executive Committee member, Organisation: British Society for Research into Ageing, URL: http://bsra.org.uk/

External PGR examinations performed:

Name of University: St George's University of London, Award student examined for: PhD

Name of University: University of Belfast, Award student examined for: PhD

Name of University: University of Gloucester, Award student examined for: MRes

Name of University: University of Glamorgan, Award student examined for: PhD

Name of University: University of Glamorgan, Award student examined for: PhD

Media Coverage:

Links #1: http://www.irishexaminer.com/sport/rugby/munsters-food-for-thought-255761.html, Media coverage: Piece in the Irish examiner on the work I do as nutrition consultant at Munster

Links #1: http://www.horseandhound.co.uk/news/jockeys-diet-analysed-experts/, Media coverage: Feature in Horse and Hound Magazine on the Jockey research Jockeys’ diet analysed by experts

Links #1: http://horsetalk.co.nz/2014/02/04/researchers-tackle-issues-jockey-diets/#axzz2tI1iye9Y, Media coverage: Feature in New Zealand media on jockey research

Links #1: http://www1.skysports.com/horse-racing/news/12426/9078817/top-jockeys-have-given-their-backing-to-a-diet-plan, Media coverage: Feature on sky sports regarding the jockey diet work

Links #1: http://www.liverpoolecho.co.uk/lifestyle/teenage-boys-putting-health-risk-4291226, Media coverage: Coverage in the Liverpool Echo on the dangers of supplements for teenagers

Links #1: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/rugbyleague/article-2051859/Jon-Wilkin-tested-Players-longer-kick-ball-new-kit.html, Media coverage: Daily Mail

Links #1: http://www.express.co.uk/posts/view/278941/Jon-Wilkin-putting-the-boot-into-old-ways, Media coverage: Daily Express

Links #1: http://www.munsterrugby.ie/news/9318.php, Media coverage: Munster Rugby Website

Media coverage: Racing Post

Media coverage: Racing Post

Media coverage: Channel 4 racing

Membership of professional bodies:

Accredited Strength & Conditioning Coach (ASCC), United Kingdom Strength & Conditioning Association (UKSCA)

Professional accredited member, Sport and Exercise Nutrition Register (SENr), http://www.senr.org.uk/

Accredited Physiologist (Scientific support and Research), BASES

UKSCA, Accredited member, http://www.uksca.org.uk/uksca/common/home.asp

Research Grants Awarded:

Sheikh Mansoor Bin Zayed Al Nahyan Global Arabian Horse Flat Racing Festival, Interventions to improve the health of professional jockeys, Grant value (£): £60,000, Duration of research project: 12 months

Hill and Knowlton, Advances in technology and rugby performance, Grant value (£): £5,000

Age UK, Failed adaptations to exercise mediate muscle frailty, Grant value (£): £6,000

Research into Ageing, Optimisation of nutrition and exercise to prevent age-related muscle frailty: A practical strategy to prevent falls and improve life-quality., Grant value (£): £75,000, Duration of research project: 3 years

Teaching qualification:

Title of qualification gained: PGCert (LTHE), LJMU