Liverpool Skylilne

Sport and Exercise Sciences

Dr Graeme Close

Dr Graeme Close

Telephone: 0151 904 6266

Publications

Highlighted publications

Pugh JN, Sage S, Hutson M, Doran DA, Fleming SC, Highton J, Morton JP, Close GL. 2017. Glutamine supplementation reduces markers of intestinal permeability during running in the heat in a dose-dependent manner EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 117 :2569-2577 DOI Author Url Public Url

Allison RJ, Farooq A, Cherif A, Hamilton B, Close GL, Wilson MG. 2017. Why don't serum vitamin D concentrations associate with BMD by DXA? A case of being 'bound' to the wrong assay? Implications for vitamin D screening. Br J Sports Med, DOI Author Url Public Url

Bradley WJ, Morehen JC, Haigh J, Clarke J, Donovan TF, Twist C, Cotton C, Shepherd S, Cocks M, Sharma A, Impey SG, Cooper RG, Maclaren DPM, Morton JP, Close GL. 2016. Muscle glycogen utilisation during Rugby match play: Effects of pre-game carbohydrate Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 19 :1033-1038 DOI Author Url

Owens DJ, Tang JCY, Bradley WJ, Sparks AA, Fraser WD, Morton JP, Close GL. 2016. Efficacy of High Dose Vitamin D Supplements for Elite Athletes Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, DOI Author Url Public Url

Owens D, Sharples AP, Polydorou I, Alwan N, Donovan TD, Tang J, Fraser WD, Cooper RG, Morton J, Stewart CE, Close GL. 2015. A Systems Based Investigation into Vitamin D and Skeletal Muscle Repair, Regeneration and Hypertrophy American Journal of Physiology Endocrinology and Metabolism, Epub Ahead of Print DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Cobley JN, Sakellariou GK, Owens DJ, Murray S, Waldron S, Gregson W, Fraser WD, Burniston JG, Iwanejko LA, McArdle A, Morton JP, Jackson MJ, Close GL. 2014. Lifelong training preserves some redox-regulated adaptive responses after an acute exercise stimulus in aged human skeletal muscle FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, 70 :23-32 DOI Author Url

O'Neill ED, Wilding JPH, Kahn CR, Van Remmen H, McArdle A, Jackson MJ, Close GL. 2010. Absence of insulin signalling in skeletal muscle is associated with reduced muscle mass and function: evidence for decreased protein synthesis and not increased degradation AGE, 32 :209-222 DOI Author Url

Gomez-Cabrera MC, Close GL, Kayani A, McArdle A, Viña J, Jackson MJ. Effect of xanthine oxidase-generated extracellular superoxide on skeletal muscle force generation. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 298 :R2-R8 DOI Author Url

Kayani AC, Close GL, Dillmann WH, Mestril R, Jackson MJ, McArdle A. Overexpression of HSP10 in skeletal muscle of transgenic mice prevents the age-related fall in maximum tetanic force generation and muscle Cross-Sectional Area. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 299 :R268-R276 DOI Author Url

Cobley JN, Sakellariou GK, Murray S, Waldron S, Gregson W, Burniston J, Morton JP, Iwanejko LA, Close GL. Lifelong endurance training attenuates age-related genotoxic stress in human skeletal muscle Longevity and Lifespan, 2 DOI Publisher Url

Journal article

Hudson J, Cole M, Morton JP, Stewart C, Close GL. 2019. Daily Changes of Resting Metabolic Rate in Elite Rugby Union Players. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, DOI Author Url

Hammond KM, Sale C, Fraser W, Tang J, Shepherd SO, Strauss JA, Close GL, Cocks M, Louis J, Pugh J, Stewart C, Sharples AP, Morton JP. 2019. Post-exercise carbohydrate and energy availability induce independent effects on skeletal muscle cell signalling and bone turnover: implications for training adaptation Journal of Physiology, 597 :4779-4796 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Dunne D, Lefevre C, Cunniffe B, Tod D, Close GL, Morton JP, Murphy R. 2019. Performance Nutrition in the Digital Era – An exploratory study into the use of Social Media by Sports Nutritionists Journal of Sports Sciences, 37 :2467-2474 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Routledge HE, Bradley WJ, Shepherd SO, Cocks M, Erskine RM, Close GL, Morton JP. 2019. Ultrasound Does Not Detect Acute Changes in Glycogen in Vastus Lateralis of Man. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, DOI Author Url Public Url

Anderson L, Close GL, Konopinksi M, Rydings D, Milsom J, Hambly C, Speakman JR, Drust B, Morton JP. 2019. Case Study: Muscle Atrophy, Hypertrophy and Energy Expenditure of a Premier League Soccer Player During Rehabilitation From ACL Injury. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, :1-17 DOI Author Url

Pugh JN, Sparks AS, Doran DA, Fleming SC, Langan-Evans C, Kirk B, Fearn R, Morton JP, Close GL. 2019. Four weeks of probiotic supplementation reduces GI symptoms during a marathon race European Journal of Applied Physiology, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Close GL, Sale C, Baar K, Bermon S. 2019. Nutrition for the Prevention and Treatment of Injuries in Track and Field Athletes. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, :1-26 DOI Author Url

Close GL, Kasper AM, Morton JP. 2019. From Paper to Podium: Quantifying the Translational Potential of Performance Nutrition Research Sports Medicine, 49 :25-37 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Owens DJ, Twist C, Cobley JN, Howatson G, Close GL. 2019. Exercise-induced muscle damage: What is it, what causes it and what are the nutritional solutions? EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE, 19 :71-85 DOI Author Url

Anderson L, Close GL, Morgans R, Hambly C, Speakman JR, Drust B, Morton JP. 2018. Case Study: Assessment of Energy Expenditure of a Professional Goalkeeper From the English Premier League Using the Doubly Labeled Water Method. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, :1-13 DOI Author Url Public Url

Bridge CA, Sparks AS, Mcnaughton LR, Close GL, Hausen M, Gurgel J, Drust B. 2018. REPEATED EXPOSURE TO TAEKWONDO COMBAT MODULATES THE PHYSIOLOGICAL AND HORMONAL RESPONSES TO SUBSEQUENT BOUTS AND RECOVERY PERIODS JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 32 :2529-2541 DOI Author Url

Kasper AM, Crighton B, Langan-Evans C, Riley P, Sharma A, Close GL, Morton JP. 2018. Case Study: Extreme Weight Making Causes Relative Energy Deficiency, Dehydration and Acute Kidney Injury in a Male Mixed Martial Arts Athlete. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, :1-20 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Pugh JN, Kirk B, Fearn R, Morton JP, Close GL. 2018. Prevalence, severity and potential nutritional causes of gastrointestinal symptoms during a marathon in recreational runners Nutrients, 10 DOI Author Url Public Url

Burke LM, Close GL, Lundy B, Mooses M, Morton JP, Tenforde AS. 2018. Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport in Male Athletes: A Commentary on Its Presentation Among Selected Groups of Male Athletes INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT NUTRITION AND EXERCISE METABOLISM, 28 :364-374 DOI Author Url

Routledge HE, Leckey JJ, Lee MJ, Garnham A, Graham S, Burgess D, Burke LM, Erskine RM, Close GL, Morton JP. 2018. Muscle Glycogen Utilisation during an Australian Rules Football Game. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, :1-13 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Impey SG, Hammond KM, Naughton R, Langan-Evans C, Shepherd SO, Sharples AP, Cegielski J, Smith K, Jeromson S, Hamilton DL, Close GL, Morton JP. 2018. Whey Protein Augments Leucinemia and Post-Exercise p70S6K1 Activity Compared to a Hydrolysed Collagen Blend When in Recovery From Training With Low Carbohydrate Availability International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 0 :1-26 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Evans SD, Brewer C, Haigh JD, McDonough A, Lake M, Morton JP, Close GL. 2018. The change in external match loads and characteristics for a newly promoted European super league rugby league team over a three season period Science and Medicine in Football, 2 :309-314 DOI

Owens DJ, Allison R, Close GL. 2018. Vitamin D and the Athlete: Current Perspectives and New Challenges Sports Medicine, 48 :3-16 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Impey SG, Hearris MA, Hammond KM, Bartlett JD, Louis J, Close GL, Morton JP. 2018. Fuel for the Work Required: A Theoretical Framework for Carbohydrate Periodization and the Glycogen Threshold Hypothesis. Sports Med, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Wilson G, Martin D, Morton JP, Close GL. 2018. Male Flat Jockeys Do Not Display Deteriorations in Bone Density or Resting Metabolic Rate in Accordance With Race Riding Experience: Implications for RED-S. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, :1-18 DOI Author Url Public Url

Wilson G, Lucas D, Hambly C, Speakman JR, Morton JP, Close GL. 2018. Energy expenditure in professional flat jockeys using doubly labelled water during the racing season: Implications for body weight management European Journal of Sport Science, 18 :235-242 DOI Author Url Public Url

Anderson L, Naughton RJ, Close GL, Di Michele R, Morgans R, Drust B, Morton JP. 2017. Daily Distribution of Macronutrient Intakes of Professional Soccer Players From the English Premier League. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 27 :491-498 DOI Author Url Public Url

Pugh JN, Sage S, Hutson M, Doran DA, Fleming SC, Highton J, Morton JP, Close GL. 2017. Glutamine supplementation reduces markers of intestinal permeability during running in the heat in a dose-dependent manner EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 117 :2569-2577 DOI Author Url Public Url

Murphy R, Martin D, Wilson G, Close G, Morton J. 2017. Race-Day Catering in Professional Horseracing: Does Current Provision Facilitate Weight Management and Riding Performance?. EC Nutrition, 12 :3-17 Publisher Url Public Url

Earl K, Giorgos S, Melanie S, Manuel F, Fiona C, Owens DJ, Jonathan T, Alastair M, Claire L, Louise D, Graeme C, William F, Anne M, Michael B. 2017. Vitamin D status in chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis: a cohort study from the North-West of England BMJ Open, DOI Author Url Public Url

Brown AD, Close GL, Sharples AP, Stewart CE. 2017. Murine myoblast migration: influence of replicative ageing and nutrition Biogerontology, DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Bradley WJ, Hannon MP, Benford V, Morehen JC, Twist C, Shepherd S, Cocks M, Impey SG, Cooper RG, Morton JP, Close GL. 2017. Metabolic demands and replenishment of muscle glycogen after a rugby league match simulation protocol. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 20 :878-883 DOI Author Url Public Url

Allison RJ, Farooq A, Cherif A, Hamilton B, Close GL, Wilson MG. 2017. Why don't serum vitamin D concentrations associate with BMD by DXA? A case of being 'bound' to the wrong assay? Implications for vitamin D screening. Br J Sports Med, DOI Author Url Public Url

Cobley JN, Close GL, Bailey DM, Davison GW. 2017. Exercise redox biochemistry: Conceptual, methodological and technical recommendations Redox Biology, 12 :540-548 DOI Author Url Public Url

Allan R, Sharples AP, Close GL, Drust B, Shepherd SO, Dutton J, Morton JP, Gregson W. 2017. Post-exercise cold-water immersion modulates skeletal muscle PGC-1α mRNA expression in immersed and non-immersed limbs: evidence of systemic regulation Journal of Applied Physiology, 123 :451-459 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Martin D, Wilson G, Morton J, Close G, Murphy R. 2017. The horseracing industry’s perception of nutritional and weight-making practices of professional jockeys Qualitative Research in Sport and Exercise, DOI Public Url

Anderson L, Orme P, Naughton RJ, Close GL, Milsom J, Rydings D, O'Boyle A, Di Michele R, Louis J, Hambley C, Speakman JR, Morgans R, Drust B, Morton JP. 2017. Energy Intake and Expenditure of Professional Soccer Players of the English Premier League: Evidence of Carbohydrate Periodization. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 27 :228-238 DOI Author Url Public Url

Bermon S, Castell LM, Calder PC, Bishop NC, Blomstrand E, Mooren FC, Krüger K, Kavazis AN, Quindry JC, Senchina DS, Nieman DC, Gleeson M, Pyne DB, Kitic CM, Close GL, Larson-Meyer DE, Marcos A, Meydani SN, Walsh NP, Nagatomi R. 2017. Consensus Statement Immunonutrition and Exercise. Exerc Immunol Rev, 23 :8-50 Author Url Public Url

Bradley WJ, Morehen JC, Haigh J, Clarke J, Donovan TF, Twist C, Cotton C, Shepherd S, Cocks M, Sharma A, Impey SG, Cooper RG, Maclaren DPM, Morton JP, Close GL. 2016. Muscle glycogen utilisation during Rugby match play: Effects of pre-game carbohydrate Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 19 :1033-1038 DOI Author Url

Clarke JS, Highton J, Close GL, Twist C. 2016. Carbohydrate and caffeine improves high intensity running of elite rugby league interchange players during simulated match play. J Strength Cond Res, DOI Author Url Public Url

Owens DJ, Tang JCY, Bradley WJ, Sparks AA, Fraser WD, Morton JP, Close GL. 2016. Efficacy of High Dose Vitamin D Supplements for Elite Athletes Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, DOI Author Url Public Url

Joo CH, Allan R, Drust B, Close GL, Jeong TS, Bartlett JD, Mawhinney C, Louhelainen J, Morton JP, Gregson W. 2016. Passive and post-exercise cold-water immersion augments PGC-1α and VEGF expression in human skeletal muscle European Journal of Applied Physiology, :1-12 DOI Author Url Public Url

Walton RD, Jones SA, Rostron KA, Kayani AC, Close GL, McArdle A, Lancaster MK. 2016. Interactions of Short-Term and Chronic Treadmill Training With Aging of the Left Ventricle of the Heart Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 71 :1005-1013 DOI Author Url

Hammond KM, Impey SG, Currell K, Mitchell N, Shepherd SO, Jeromson S, Hawley JA, Close GL, Hamilton DL, Sharples AP, Morton JP. 2016. Post exercise high-fat feeding supresses p70S6K1 activity in human skeletal muscle Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48 :2108-2117 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Fletcher BD, Twist C, Haigh JD, Brewer C, Morton JP, Close GL. 2016. Season-long increases in perceived muscle soreness in professional rugby league players: role of player position, match characteristics and playing surface JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 34 :1067-1072 DOI Author Url

Impey S, Hammond K, Shepherd S, Sharples AP, Stewart CE, Limb M, Smith K, Philp A, Jeromson S, Hamilton DL, Close GL, Morton JP. 2016. Fuel for the work required: a practical approach to amalgamating train-low paradigms for endurance athletes Physiological Reports, 4 :e12803-e12803 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Morehen JC, Bradley WJ, Clarke J, Twist C, Hambly C, Speakman JR, Morton JP, Close GL. 2016. The Assessment of Total Energy Expenditure During a 14-day 'In-Season' Period of Professional Rugby League Players Using the Doubly Labelled Water Method. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, DOI Author Url Public Url

Cobley , Ab Malik , Close G, Morton J, Edwards B, Burniston JG. 2016. Age- and Activity-Related Differences in the Abundance of Myosin Essential and Regulatory Light Chains in Human Muscle Wisniewsk JR. Proteomes, 4 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Crighton B, Close GL, Morton JP. 2016. Alarming weight cutting behaviours in mixed martial arts: a cause for concern and a call for action BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 50 :446-U86 DOI Author Url

Anderson L, Orme P, Di Michele R, Close GL, Milsom J, Morgans R, Drust B, Morton JP. 2016. Quantification of Seasonal Long Physical Load in Soccer Players With Different Starting Status From the English Premier League: Implications for Maintaining Squad Physical Fitness. International journal of sports physiology and performance, DOI Author Url Public Url

Close GL, Hamilton L, Philp A, Burke L, Morton JP. 2016. New Strategies in Sport Nutrition to Increase Exercise Performance. Free radical biology & medicine, DOI Author Url Public Url

Kasper AM, Cocking S, Cockayne M, Barnard M, Tench J, Parker L, McAndrew J, Langan-Evans C, Close GL, Morton JP. 2016. Carbohydrate mouth rinse and caffeine improves high-intensity interval running capacity when carbohydrate restricted EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE, 16 :560-568 DOI Author Url

Florida-James GD, Simpson R, Davison G, Close G. 2016. Exercise, Free Radical Metabolism, and Aging: Cellular and Molecular Processes OXIDATIVE MEDICINE AND CELLULAR LONGEVITY, DOI Author Url

Wilson G, Hill J, Sale C, Morton JP, Close GL. 2015. Elite male Flat jockeys display lower bone density and lower resting metabolic rate than their female counterparts: implications for athlete welfare APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 40 :1318-1320 DOI Author Url

Anderson L, Orme P, Morgans R, Drust B, Morton JP, Close GL, Di Michele R. 2015. Quantification of training load during one-, two- and three-game week schedules in professional soccer players from the English Premier League: implications for carbohydrate periodisation Journal of Sports Sciences, DOI Author Url Public Url

Wilson G, Pritchard PP, Papageorgiou C, Phillips S, Kumar P, Langan-Evans C, Routledge H, Owens DJ, Morton JP, Close GL. 2015. Fasted Exercise and Increased Dietary Protein Reduces Body Fat and Improves Strength in Jockeys INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 36 :1008-1014 DOI Author Url

Owens D, Sharples AP, Polydorou I, Alwan N, Donovan TD, Tang J, Fraser WD, Cooper RG, Morton J, Stewart CE, Close GL. 2015. A Systems Based Investigation into Vitamin D and Skeletal Muscle Repair, Regeneration and Hypertrophy American Journal of Physiology Endocrinology and Metabolism, Epub Ahead of Print DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Jeong T-S, Bartlett JD, Joo C-H, Louhelainen J, Close GL, Morton JP, Drust B. 2015. Acute simulated soccer-specific training increases PGC-1 alpha mRNA expression in human skeletal muscle JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 33 :1493-1503 DOI Author Url Public Url

Morehen JC, Routledge HE, Twist C, Morton JP, Close GL. 2015. Position specific differences in the anthropometric characteristics of elite European Super League rugby players EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE, 15 :523-529 DOI Author Url

Bradley WJ, Cavanagh B, Douglas W, Donovan TF, Twist C, Morton JP, Close GL. 2015. Energy intake and expenditure assessed 'in-season' in an elite European rugby union squad EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE, 15 :469-479 DOI Author Url

Evans SD, Brewer C, Haigh JD, Lake M, Morton JP, Close GL. 2015. The physical demands of Super League rugby: Experiences of a newly promoted franchise EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE, 15 :505-513 DOI Author Url Public Url

Cobley JN, McHardy H, Morton JP, Nikolaidis MG, Close GL. 2015. Influence of vitamin C and vitamin E on redox signaling: Implications for exercise adaptations FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, 84 :65-76 DOI Author Url

Cobley JN, Margaritelis NV, Morton JP, Close GL, Nikolaidis MG, Malone JK. 2015. The basic chemistry of exercise-induced DNA oxidation: oxidative damage, redox signaling, and their interplay FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY, 6 DOI Author Url

Allison RJ, Farooq A, Hamilton B, Close GL, Wilson MG. 2015. No Association between Vitamin D Deficiency and Markers of Bone Health in Athletes MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 47 :782-788 DOI Author Url

Cobley JN, Moult PR, Burniston JG, Morton JP, Close GL. 2015. Exercise improves mitochondrial and redox-regulated stress responses in the elderly: better late than never! BIOGERONTOLOGY, 16 :249-264 DOI Author Url

Allison RJ, Close GL, Farooq A, Riding NR, Salah O, Hamilton B, Wilson MG. 2015. Severely vitamin D-deficient athletes present smaller hearts than sufficient athletes EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE CARDIOLOGY, 22 :535-542 DOI Author Url

Bradley WJ, Cavanagh BP, Douglas W, Donovan TF, Morton JP, Close GL. 2015. QUANTIFICATION OF TRAINING LOAD, ENERGY INTAKE, AND PHYSIOLOGICAL ADAPTATIONS DURING A RUGBY PRESEASON: A CASE STUDY FROM AN ELITE EUROPEAN RUGBY UNION SQUAD JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 29 :534-544 DOI Author Url

Impey SG, Smith D, Robinson AL, Owens DJ, Bartlett JD, Smith K, Limb M, Tang J, Fraser WD, Close GL, Morton JP. 2015. Leucine-enriched protein feeding does not impair exercise-induced free fatty acid availability and lipid oxidation: beneficial implications for training in carbohydrate-restricted states AMINO ACIDS, 47 :407-416 DOI Author Url Public Url

Owens DJ, Fraser WD, Close GL. 2015. Vitamin D and the athlete: Emerging insights EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SPORT SCIENCE, 15 :73-84 DOI Author Url

Jeong TS, Bartlett JD, Joo CH, Louhelainen J, Close GL, Morton JP, Drust B. 2015. Acute simulated soccer-specific training increases PGC-1α mRNA expression in human skeletal muscle Journal of Sports Sciences, 33 :1493-1503 DOI Public Url

Lee MJC, Hammond KM, Vasdev A, Poole KL, Impey SG, Close GL, Morton JP. 2014. Self-selecting Fluid Intake while Maintaining High Carbohydrate Availability Does not Impair Half-marathon Performance INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 35 :1216-1222 DOI Author Url

Owens DJ, Webber D, Impey SG, Tang J, Donovan TF, Fraser WD, Morton JP, Close GL. 2014. Vitamin D supplementation does not improve human skeletal muscle contractile properties in insufficient young males EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 114 :1309-1320 DOI Author Url

Wilson G, Drust B, Morton JP, Close GL. 2014. Weight-Making Strategies in Professional Jockeys: Implications for Physical and Mental Health and Well-Being SPORTS MEDICINE, 44 :785-796 DOI Author Url

Cobley JN, Sakellariou GK, Owens DJ, Murray S, Waldron S, Gregson W, Fraser WD, Burniston JG, Iwanejko LA, McArdle A, Morton JP, Jackson MJ, Close GL. 2014. Lifelong training preserves some redox-regulated adaptive responses after an acute exercise stimulus in aged human skeletal muscle FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, 70 :23-32 DOI Author Url

Close GL, Jackson MJ. 2014. Antioxidants and exercise: a tale of the complexities of relating signalling processes to physiological function? JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, 592 :1721-1722 DOI Author Url

McGlory C, White A, Treins C, Drust B, Close GL, MacLaren DPM, Campbell IT, Philp A, Schenk S, Morton JP, Hamilton DL. 2014. Application of the [gamma-P-32] ATP kinase assay to study anabolic signaling in human skeletal muscle JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 116 :504-513 DOI Author Url Public Url

Ab Malik Z, Cobley JN, Morton JP, Close GL, Edwards BJ, Koch LG, Brittons SL, Burniston JG. 2013. Label-Free LC-MS Profiling of Skeletal Muscle Reveals Heart-Type Fatty Acid Binding Protein as a Candidate Biomarker of Aerobic Capacity Proteomes, 1 :290-308 DOI Author Url Publisher Url

Wilson G, Sparks SA, Drust B, Morton JP, Close GL. 2013. Assessment of energy expenditure in elite jockeys during simulated race riding and a working day: Implications for making weight Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 38 :415-420 DOI Author Url

Sparks SA, Close GL. 2013. Validity of a portable urine refractometer: The effects of sample freezing JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 31 :745-749 DOI Author Url

Bartlett JD, Louhelainen J, Iqbal Z, Cochran AJ, Gibala MJ, Gregson W, Close GL, Drust B, Morton JP. 2013. Reduced carbohydrate availability enhances exercise-induced p53 signaling in human skeletal muscle: implications for mitochondrial biogenesis. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 304 :R450-R458 DOI Author Url

Owens DJ, Close GL. 2013. Vitamin D and athletic performance Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech, 24 :63-67 Author Url

Donovan T, Ballam T, Morton JP, Close GL. 2012. beta-Alanine Improves Punch Force and Frequency in Amateur Boxers During a Simulated Contest INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT NUTRITION AND EXERCISE METABOLISM, 22 :331-337 DOI Author Url

Nie J, Close G, George KP, Tong TK, Shi Q. 2010. Temporal association of elevations in serum cardiac troponin T and myocardial oxidative stress after prolonged exercise in rats EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 110 :1299-1303 DOI Author Url

O'Neill ED, Wilding JPH, Kahn CR, Van Remmen H, McArdle A, Jackson MJ, Close GL. 2010. Absence of insulin signalling in skeletal muscle is associated with reduced muscle mass and function: evidence for decreased protein synthesis and not increased degradation AGE, 32 :209-222 DOI Author Url

Amara AB, Sharma A, Alexander JL, Alfirevic A, Mohiuddin A, Pirmohamed M, Close GL, Grime S, Maltby P, Shawki H, Heyworth S, Shenkin A, Smith L, Sharma AK, Hammad A, Rustom R. 2010. Randomized controlled trial: lisinopril reduces proteinuria, ammonia, and renal polypeptide tubular catabolism in patients with chronic allograft nephropathy. Transplantation, 89 :104-114 DOI Author Url

Close GL, Haggan P, McArdle A. 2007. Skeletal muscle aging Reviews in Clinical Gerontology, 17 :13-23 DOI

Close GL, Ashton T, McArdle A, Jackson MJ. 2005. Microdialysis studies of extracellular reactive oxygen species in skeletal muscle: factors influencing the reduction of cytochrome c and hydroxylation of salicylate. Free Radic Biol Med, 39 :1460-1467 DOI Author Url

Close GL, Ashton T, McArdle A, MacLaren DPM. 2005. The emerging role of free radicals in delayed onset muscle soreness and contraction-induced muscle injury COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY A-MOLECULAR & INTEGRATIVE PHYSIOLOGY, 142 :257-266 DOI Author Url

Bartlett JD, Joo CH, Jeong TS, Louhelainen J, Cochran AJ, Gibala MJ, Gregson W, Close GL, Drust B, Morton JP. Matched work high-intensity interval and continuous running induce similar increases in PGC-1α mRNA, AMPK, p38 and p53 phosphorylation in human skeletal muscle Journal of Applied Physiology, 112 :1125-1143 DOI Author Url

Bartlett JD, Close GL, MacLaren DPM, Gregson W, Drust B, Morton JP. High-intensity interval running is perceived to be more enjoyable than moderate-intensity continuous exercise: implications for exercise adherence. J Sports Sci, 29 :547-553 DOI Author Url

Roberts LA, Beattie K, Close GL, Morton JP. Vitamin C consumption does not impair training-induced improvements in exercise performance. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 6 :58-69 DOI Author Url

Taylor C, Higham D, Close GL, Morton JP. The effect of adding caffeine to postexercise carbohydrate feeding on subsequent high-intensity interval-running capacity compared with carbohydrate alone. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 21 :410-416 DOI Author Url

Cobley JN, McGlory C, Morton JP, Close GL. N-Acetylcysteine's attenuation of fatigue after repeated bouts of intermittent exercise: practical implications for tournament situations. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 21 :451-461 DOI Author Url

Langan-Evans C, Close GL, Morton JP. Making Weight in Combat Sports STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING JOURNAL, 33 :25-39 DOI Author Url

Gomez-Cabrera MC, Close GL, Kayani A, McArdle A, Viña J, Jackson MJ. Effect of xanthine oxidase-generated extracellular superoxide on skeletal muscle force generation. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 298 :R2-R8 DOI Author Url

Kayani AC, Close GL, Dillmann WH, Mestril R, Jackson MJ, McArdle A. Overexpression of HSP10 in skeletal muscle of transgenic mice prevents the age-related fall in maximum tetanic force generation and muscle Cross-Sectional Area. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 299 :R268-R276 DOI Author Url

Kayani AC, Close GL, Jackson MJ, McArdle A. Prolonged treadmill training increases HSP70 in skeletal muscle but does not affect age-related functional deficits. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 294 :R568-R576 DOI Author Url

Close GL, Jackson MJ. The use of in vivo microdialysis techniques to detect extracellular ROS in resting and contracting skeletal muscle. Methods Mol Biol, 477 :123-136 DOI Author Url

Kayani AC, Close GL, Broome CS, Jackson MJ, McArdle A. Enhanced recovery from contraction-induced damage in skeletal muscles of old mice following treatment with the heat shock protein inducer 17-(allylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin. Rejuvenation Res, 11 :1021-1030 DOI Author Url

Close GL, Kayani AC, Ashton T, McArdle A, Jackson MJ. Release of superoxide from skeletal muscle of adult and old mice: an experimental test of the reductive hotspot hypothesis. Aging Cell, 6 :189-195 DOI Author Url

Close GL, Ashton T, Cable T, Doran D, Holloway C, McArdle F, MacLaren DPM. Ascorbic acid supplementation does not attenuate post-exercise muscle soreness following muscle-damaging exercise but may delay the recovery process. Br J Nutr, 95 :976-981 DOI Author Url

McArdle A, Broome CS, Kayani AC, Tully MD, Close GL, Vasilaki A, Jackson MJ. HSF expression in skeletal muscle during myogenesis: implications for failed regeneration in old mice. Exp Gerontol, 41 :497-500 DOI Author Url

Close GL, Ashton T, Cable T, Doran D, Noyes C, McArdle F, MacLaren DPM. Effects of dietary carbohydrate on delayed onset muscle soreness and reactive oxygen species after contraction induced muscle damage. Br J Sports Med, 39 :948-953 DOI Author Url

Close GL, Kayani A, Vasilaki A, McArdle A. Skeletal muscle damage with exercise and aging. Sports Med, 35 :413-427 DOI Author Url

Close GL, Ashton T, Cable T, Doran D, MacLaren DPM. Eccentric exercise, isokinetic muscle torque and delayed onset muscle soreness: the role of reactive oxygen species. Eur J Appl Physiol, 91 :615-621 DOI Author Url

McArdle A, van der Meulen J, Close GL, Pattwell D, Van Remmen H, Huang TT, Richardson AG, Epstein CJ, Faulkner JA, Jackson MJ. Role of mitochondrial superoxide dismutase in contraction-induced generation of reactive oxygen species in skeletal muscle extracellular space. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol, 286 :C1152-C1158 DOI Author Url

McArdle F, Rhodes LE, Parslew RAG, Close GL, Jack CIA, Friedmann PS, Jackson MJ. Effects of oral vitamin E and beta-carotene supplementation on ultraviolet radiation-induced oxidative stress in human skin. Am J Clin Nutr, 80 :1270-1275 DOI Author Url

MaClaren DPM , Close GL. Effect of carbohydrate supplementation on simulated exercise of rugby league referees. Ergonomics, 43 :1528-1537 DOI Author Url

Wilson G, Hawken MB, Poole I, Sparks A, Bennett S, Drust B, Morton J, Close GL. Rapid weight-loss impairs simulated riding performance and strength in jockeys: implications for making-weight. J Sports Sci, 32 :383-391 DOI Author Url

Bartlett JD, Close GL, Drust B, Morton JP. The emerging role of p53 in exercise metabolism. Sports Med, 44 :303-309 DOI Author Url

Close GL, Russell J, Cobley JN, Owens DJ, Wilson G, Gregson W, Fraser WD, Morton JP. Assessment of vitamin D concentration in non-supplemented professional athletes and healthy adults during the winter months in the UK: implications for skeletal muscle function. J Sports Sci, 31 :344-353 DOI Author Url

Wilson G, Fraser WD, Sharma A, Eubank M, Drust B, Morton JP, Close GL. Markers of bone health, renal function, liver function, anthropometry and perception of mood: a comparison between Flat and National Hunt Jockeys. Int J Sports Med, 34 :453-459 DOI Author Url

Taylor C, Bartlett JD, van de Graaf CS, Louhelainen J, Coyne V, Iqbal Z, Maclaren DPM, Gregson W, Close GL, Morton JP. Protein ingestion does not impair exercise-induced AMPK signalling when in a glycogen-depleted state: implications for train-low compete-high. Eur J Appl Physiol, 113 :1457-1468 DOI Author Url

Close GL, Leckey J, Patterson M, Bradley W, Owens DJ, Fraser WD, Morton JP. The effects of vitamin D(3) supplementation on serum total 25[OH]D concentration and physical performance: a randomised dose-response study. Br J Sports Med, 47 :692-696 DOI Author Url

Bridge CA, McNaughton LR, Close GL, Drust B. Taekwondo exercise protocols do not recreate the physiological responses of championship combat. Int J Sports Med, 34 :573-581 DOI Author Url

Cobley JN, Sakellariou GK, Murray S, Waldron S, Gregson W, Burniston J, Morton JP, Iwanejko LA, Close GL. Lifelong endurance training attenuates age-related genotoxic stress in human skeletal muscle Longevity and Lifespan, 2 DOI Publisher Url

Morton JP, Iqbal Z, Drust B, Burgess D, Close GL, Brukner PD. Seasonal variation in vitamin D status in professional soccer players of the English Premier League. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 37 :798-802 DOI Author Url

Wilson G, Chester N, Eubank M, Crighton B, Morton J, Close G. An alternate dietary strategy to make weight improves mood, decreases body-fat and removes the necessity for dehydration: A case study from a professional UK jockey. International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism, Author Url

Wilson G, Chester N, Eubank M, Crighton B, Drust B, Morton JP, Close GL. An alternative dietary strategy to make weight while improving mood, decreasing body fat, and not dehydrating: a case study of a professional jockey. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 22 :225-231 DOI Author Url

Cobley JN, Bartlett JD, Kayani A, Murray SW, Louhelainen J, Donovan T, Waldron S, Gregson W, Burniston JG, Morton JP, Close GL. PGC-1α transcriptional response and mitochondrial adaptation to acute exercise is maintained in skeletal muscle of sedentary elderly males. Biogerontology, 13 :621-631 DOI Author Url

Cobley JN, Bartlett JD, Gregson W, Burniston JG, Morton JP, Close GL, Kayani A, Murray SW, Louhelainen J, Donovan T, Waldron S. PGC-1α transcriptional response and mitochondrial adaptation to acute exercise is maintained in skeletal muscle of sedentary elderly males Biogerontology, :1-11 DOI

Close GL, Robinson SL, Morton JP, Flower D, Bannock L. Nutrition intervention for an international-standard female football player Journal of Applied Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Sciences, :17-28

PUGH J, IMPEY S, Doran DA, FLEEMING S, MORTON J, Close G. Acute high-intensity interval running increases markers of damage and permeability but not gastrointestinal symptoms. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 42 :941-947 DOI Author Url Public Url

Other

Burke LM, Castel LM, Casa DJ, Close GL, Costa RJS, Desbrow B, Halson SL, Lis DM, Melin AK, Peeling P, Saunders PU, Slater GJ, Sygo J, Witard OC, Bermon S, Stellingwerff T. 2019. International Association of Athletics Federations Consensus Statement 2019: Nutrition for Athletics INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT NUTRITION AND EXERCISE METABOLISM, 29 :73-84 DOI Author Url

Phillips SM, Aragon AA, Arciero PJ, Arent SM, Close GL, Hamilton DL, Helms ER, Henselmans M, Loenneke JP, Norton LE, Ormsbee MJ, Sale C, Schoenfeld BJ, Smith-Ryan AE, Tipton KD, Vukovich MD, Wilborn C, Willoughby DS. 2017. CHANGES IN BODY COMPOSITION AND PERFORMANCE WITH SUPPLEMENTAL HMB-FA plus ATP JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 31 :E71-E72 DOI Author Url

Chapters

Turner DC, Kasper AM, Seaborne RA, Brown AD, Close GL, Murphy M, Stewart CE, Martin NRW, Sharples AP. 2019. Exercising Bioengineered Skeletal Muscle In Vitro: Biopsy to Bioreactor Beate Ronning S. Myogenesis: Methods and Protocols vol. 1889 Springer Nature 978-1-4939-8896-9 DOI Author Url Publisher Url Public Url

Langan-Evans C, Close G, Morton J. 2018. Body Composition Performance Assessment in Strength and Conditioning :240-274 Routledge 9781351839044

Conference publication

Brown A, Sharples A, Close G, Stewart C. 2018. Leucine and β-Hydroxy β-methylbutyrate enhance replicatively aged C2C12 myoblast migration but not fusion British Society for Research on Ageing Publisher Url

Brown A, Close G, Sharples A, Stewart C. 2017. Mechanisms underpinning enhanced migration capabilities of replicatively aged C2C12 myoblasts British Society for Research on Ageing (BSRA)

Allan R, Sharples AP, Close G, Drust B, Shepherd S, Fraser W, Mawhinnney C, Hammond K, Morton J, Gregson W. 2016. The acute cold-induced increase in PGC-1α is partially mediated systemically through increased β-adrenergic stimulation European College of Sport Science

Hammond KM, Impey SG, Currell K, Mitchell N, Shepherd SO, Jeromson S, Hawley JA, Close GL, Hamilton DL, Sharples AP, Morton JP. 2016. Post exercise high-fat feeding supresses p70S6K1 activity in human skeletal muscle. European College of Sport Science (ECSS)

Owens DJ, Polydorou I, Alwan N, Fraser WD, Tang J, Morton J, Sharples AP, Stewart CE, Close GL. 2015. The Role of Vitamin D in Skeletal Muscle Repair: A Systems Biology Approach European College of Sport Science (ECSS)

Close GL, MacLaren DPM, Doran D, Ashton T. 2003. Eccentric exercise, isokinetic muscle strength and delayed-onset muscle soreness: the role of oxygen-centred radicals JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 12th Commonwealth International Sport Conference 21 :316-317 Author Url

Editorial/letter to the editor

Pugh JN, Fearn R, Morton JP, Close GL. 2018. Gastrointestinal symptoms in elite athletes: time to recognise the problem? BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 52 :487-487 DOI Author Url

Phillips SM, Tipton KD, van Loon LJC, Verdijk LB, Paddon-Jones D, Close GL. 2016. Exceptional body composition changes attributed to collagen peptide supplementation and resistance training in older sarcopenic men BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 116 :569-570 DOI Author Url

Close GL, Brown JE. 2016. The harder you run, the longer (and smoother) the road: exercise, muscle and ageing BIOGERONTOLOGY, 17 :431-433 DOI Author Url

Thesis/Dissertation

Woolfenden A. Supplement Use In Professional Rugby League Chester N, Close G, Littlewood M. Public Url

Engagement & Impact

Conference presentation:

Assessing energy intake of athletes; from theory to practice, BASES Student Conference, Bangor University, Workshop. 2016

Conference organisation:

British Society for Research on Ageing, Lead organiser and chair of the organising committee as well as chair of the scientific committee, http://www.bsra.org.uk/. 2014

Editorial boards:

European Journal of Sports Sciences, Guest Editor for a special edition on the future of sports nutrition. 2014

Professional Strength and Conditioning, Nutrition Editor, http://www.uksca.org.uk/uksca/common/home.asp. 2009

Research Grants Awarded:

Sheikh Mansoor Bin Zayed Al Nahyan Global Arabian Horse Flat Racing Festival, Interventions to improve the health of professional jockeys, Grant value (£): £60,000, Duration of research project: 12 months. 2013

Research into Ageing, Optimisation of nutrition and exercise to prevent age-related muscle frailty: A practical strategy to prevent falls and improve life-quality., Grant value (£): £75,000, Duration of research project: 3 years. 2011

Age UK, Failed adaptations to exercise mediate muscle frailty, Grant value (£): £6,000.

Hill and Knowlton, Advances in technology and rugby performance, Grant value (£): £5,000.

External PGR examinations performed:

St George's University of London, PhD. 2013

University of Belfast, PhD. 2013

University of Gloucester, MRes. 2013

University of Glamorgan, PhD. 2011

University of Glamorgan, PhD. 2010

Membership of professional bodies:

Professional accredited member, Sport and Exercise Nutrition Register (SENr), http://www.senr.org.uk/. 2013

Accredited Strength & Conditioning Coach (ASCC), United Kingdom Strength & Conditioning Association (UKSCA). 2010

UKSCA, Accredited member, http://www.uksca.org.uk/uksca/common/home.asp. 2007

Accredited Physiologist (Scientific support and Research), BASES.

External committees:

Executive Committee member, British Society for Research into Ageing, http://bsra.org.uk/. 2013

External collaboration:

http://www.usc.edu/dept/gero/faculty/Davies/, University of Southern California, Professor Kelvin Davies. 2010

University of East Anglia, Professot Bill Fraser.

University of Liverpool, Professor Malcolm Jackson.

Teaching qualification:

PGCert (LTHE), LJMU. 2000

Media Coverage:

http://horsetalk.co.nz/2014/02/04/researchers-tackle-issues-jockey-diets/#axzz2tI1iye9Y, Feature in New Zealand media on jockey research.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/rugbyleague/article-2051859/Jon-Wilkin-tested-Players-longer-kick-ball-new-kit.html, Daily Mail.

http://www.express.co.uk/posts/view/278941/Jon-Wilkin-putting-the-boot-into-old-ways, Daily Express.

http://www.horseandhound.co.uk/news/jockeys-diet-analysed-experts/, Feature in Horse and Hound Magazine on the Jockey research Jockeys’ diet analysed by experts.

http://www.irishexaminer.com/sport/rugby/munsters-food-for-thought-255761.html, Piece in the Irish examiner on the work I do as nutrition consultant at Munster.

http://www.liverpoolecho.co.uk/lifestyle/teenage-boys-putting-health-risk-4291226, Coverage in the Liverpool Echo on the dangers of supplements for teenagers.

http://www.munsterrugby.ie/news/9318.php, Munster Rugby Website.

http://www1.skysports.com/horse-racing/news/12426/9078817/top-jockeys-have-given-their-backing-to-a-diet-plan, Feature on sky sports regarding the jockey diet work.

Channel 4 racing.

Racing Post.

Racing Post.