Woman working in Nepal

Research @LJMUNepal

Focusing on the key issues facing Nepal

For the past ten years, LJMU has developed strong teaching and research collaborations with Nepal, particularly in areas such as public health, gender and education. We believe that a stronger, multidisciplinary Nepal focused study centre within LJMU can make a significant impact upon major challenges including health and social care; while strengthening the participating Nepalese institutions in a sustainable manner. Our work will not only break the geographical and discipline boundaries but also supply the demand for knowledge and skills on key global issues that Nepal is currently facing.

Our members are recognised as an experts in their field in Nepal. We are well-connected locally in Nepal, regularly appearing on television and in the newspapers. Our research in Nepal has involved over 100 publications and has been recognised by national and international organisations.

Our four core areas of research and scholarly activities:

Capacity building

Our contribution to global health research and capacity building activities has been recognised by the CEA (Confederation of Epidemiological Associations). Prof Simkhada received the prestigious “Global Health Award 2013” for his significant contributions to Nepal on local capacity building. This was picked up by a number of national and international media outlets. All team members are actively involved in capacity building activities in Nepal, some of which are detailed below.

Projects include:

  • Qualitative Analysis in Action
  • Systematic review – How effective are community engagement and participation approaches for delivering better health outcomes, improving delivery of services and sustaining benefits in low and middle income countries?
  • Assessing the Need and Type of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) for Nurses Trained and Working in Nepal
  • DelPHE (Development of Partnership in Higher Education) Project (2009-2013) ‘Partnership Improving Access Research Literature in Higher Education Institutions in Nepal (PARI)’

Partnership and networking

Current and past activities:

  • Invited speakers from Nepal
  • LJMU team visit to Nepal
  • Involvement in Kathmandu conference
  • Key social work in Nepal
  • Proposed TNE in Nepal – Kathmandu School of Law, MMIHS, Pokhara University
  • Language support and cultural orientation to LJMU students who want to work in or visit Nepal
  • Go Global student choice to Nepal
  • LJMU staff engagement in Nepalese higher education and schools

Research and teaching

Maternal and women health

We have published over 20 original articles in peer-reviewed journals on maternal health. Some of them are widely cited. Prof Simkhada was invited by the Ministry of Health, Government of Nepal to give a talk on wider determinants of maternal mortality in Nepal. His research on “Inter-disciplinary assessment of the role of social, economic and demographic development in the reduction of maternal mortality in Nepal” has been selected as the best research outcomes for policy formation in Nepal and gained recognition from the Nepal Health Research Council. He has been invited to a number of national and international conferences to present on different aspects of maternal health. Similarly, Dr Bibha Simkhada's systematic review on factors affecting ANC utilisation in developing countries received over 490 Google scholar citations.

Projects include:

  • Mental health training for maternity care providers in Nepal
  • Improving maternity care through women’s groups
  • Antenatal care uptake in Nepal: barriers and opportunities

Reproductive and sexual health including HIV/AIDS

Our expertise in the area of reproductive and sexual health research has been recognised internationally, including delivering keynote speech at an International AIDS conference. Prof Simkhada was a Member of the Scientific Committee for XVI International AIDS Conference and has chaired sessions on other international conferences. The team have published over 20 articles on sexual behaviour, HIV/AIDS and made over 30 presentations at conferences related to this subject.

Projects include:


Gender and education

Dr Sara Parker and Dr Kay Standing have been working on gender issues in Nepal since 2003.

Projects include:

  • Gender experiences in schools in Nepal
  • Higher education and research in the contexts of gender and development issues in Nepal and Bangladesh
  • Violence against women and girls in post-earthquake Nepal
  • Education and early childhood studies fieldwork

Migrants’ health and wellbeing

Our expertise in the areas of migration has been recognised internationally and has made a significant impact on migrant health issues. Academics have given speeches at conferences such as the Asia Pacific Travel Health Conference and the Britain Nepal Academic Council Conference. Prof Simkhada’s paper on Injury and Mortality in Young Nepalese Migrant Workers: A Call for Public Health Action (Asia Pacific Journal Public Health 28: 8, 703-705) has created worldwide attention on health issues of migrant workers working in Gulf Countries. This paper was cited by over 100 world leading newspapers. The team have published over 10 peer reviewed articles in regards to migrant health issues.

Projects include:

  • Effects of female labour migration: developing a national database in Nepal
  • Exploring challenges and barriers for effective compliance in pre-departure orientation to Nepalese labour migrants

Social engagement

Current and past activities:

  • Health screening
  • Child classes
  • Nepali festival and New Year celebration
  • Fundraising
  • Outdoor activities: regular badminton matches and walking