Heroin

Drugs

Public Health Institute

Providing insights into drug use

Supporting evidence based drugs policy through epidemiology, monitoring, evidence review, intervention evaluation and primary research.

Research in this area began with the development of local monitoring systems for drug treatment and needle exchanges, and this early work informed the sophisticated national monitoring systems we see today. In parallel streams of work, the Public Health Institute’s realistic evaluation approach has helped a variety of stakeholders understand the impact that their work is having and how best to improve services. Primary research has provided insights into a variety of substance related topics, particularly in priority groups such as young people, drug injectors, and families affected by drugs.

Our research has contributed to the development of two successive UK National Drug Strategies and a number of national and international guidance. Systematic reviews of evidence for the effectiveness of drug prevention interventions, and optimal provision of needle and syringe exchange programmes underpinned National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidance in these areas. The Public Health Institute also coordinates the UK arm of the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction’s (EMCDDA) early warning system on psychoactive drugs and this intelligence also feeds into UK monitoring systems.

We are responsible for producing estimates of the prevalence of opiate and/or crack cocaine use in England. Information about the number of people who use these drugs is key to formulating effective policies for tackling drug-related harm and also helps inform service provision at the local level. We are taking the lead in the EMCDDA’s problem drug use indicator, collating opiate use prevalence estimates across the four nations within the UK. We have also developed research specialisms in novel psychoactive drugs (‘legal highs’). As well as coordinating the UK arm of the EU Early Warning System on Novel Psychoactive Drugs, the Institute’s policy critiques, forensic analyses, and evidence reviews have contributed to international discussions on this emerging public health priority.

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Further information:

Case studies

Papers

Sagoe D., McVeigh J., Bjørnebekk A., Essilfie M., Andreassen C.S., Pallensen S., 2015. Polypharmacy among anabolic-androgenic steroid users: a descriptive metasynthesis. Substance Abuse, Treatment, Prevention and Policy 10 (12).

Stensballe A., McVeigh J., Breindahl T., Kimergård A., 2015. Synthetic growth hormone releasers detected in seized drugs: new trends in the use of drugs for performance enhancement [letter]. Addiction [letter].

Abbate V., Kicman A., Evans-Brown M., McVeigh J., Cowan D., Wilson C., Coles S., Walker C., 2014. Anabolic steroids detected in bodybuilding dietary supplements – a significant risk to public health Drug Testing and Analysis, early online.

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Publications

DIP Merseyside Drug Testing Report (April 2013 – March 2014)

Petra Collins, Kevin Cuddy, Mark Whitfield, Jim McVeigh

Integrated Monitoring System Annual Report Cheshire and Merseyside 2013/14

Mark Whitfield, Howard Reed, Rebecca Harrison, Charlotte Davies and Jim McVeigh

The impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) in Eastern Europe

Professor Mark Bellis, Professor Karen Hughes

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Resources

European Drug Prevention Quality Standards – Phase II
Promoting Excellence in Drug Prevention in the EU – Phase II of the European Drug Prevention Quality Standards Project. The Prevention Standards provide the first European framework for high quality drug prevention. Organised in an eight-stage project cycle, the Standards outline the necessary steps in planning, implementing and evaluating drug prevention activities.

Alice Rap
What works to address young people’s addictive behaviours? These webpages present a summary of the findings of ALICE-RAP project Workpackage 16 “Adolescents as Customers of Addiction”. The aim of this research was to investigate the range of policies adopted by EU Member States to address addictive behaviours in young people. This included use of alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drugs, and gambling.

Healthy Nightlife Toolkit
The Healthy Nightlife Toolbox is an international initiative that focuses on the reduction of harm from alcohol and drug use among young people.

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